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1.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 329, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471087

RESUMO

It's a challenge for detecting the therapeutic targets of a polypharmacological drug from variations in the responsed networks in the differentiated populations with complex diseases, as stable coronary heart disease. Here, in an adaptive, 31-center, randomized, double-blind trial involving 920 patients with moderate symptomatic stable angina treated by 14-day Danhong injection(DHI), a kind of polypharmacological drug with high quality control, or placebo (0.9% saline), with 76-day following-up, we firstly confirmed that DHI could increase the proportion of patients with clinically significant changes on angina-frequency assessed by Seattle Angina Questionnaire (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 20) (12.78% at Day 30, 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.86-19.71%, P = 0.0003, 13.82% at Day 60, 95% CI 6.82-20.82%, P = 0.0001 and 8.95% at Day 90, 95% CI 2.06-15.85%, P = 0.01). We also found that there were no significant differences in new-onset major vascular events (P = 0.8502) and serious adverse events (P = 0.9105) between DHI and placebo. After performing the RNA sequencing in 62 selected patients, we developed a systemic modular approach to identify differentially expressed modules (DEMs) of DHI with the Zsummary value less than 0 compared with the control group, calculated by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), and sketched out the basic framework on a modular map with 25 functional modules targeted by DHI. Furthermore, the effective therapeutic module (ETM), defined as the highest correlation value with the phenotype alteration (ΔSAQ-AF, the change in SAQ-AF at Day 30 from baseline) calculated by WGCNA, was identified in the population with the best effect (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 40), which is related to anticoagulation and regulation of cholesterol metabolism. We assessed the modular flexibility of this ETM using the global topological D value based on Euclidean distance, which is correlated with phenotype alteration (r2: 0.8204, P = 0.019) by linear regression. Our study identified the anti-angina therapeutic module in the effective population treated by the multi-target drug. Modular methods facilitate the discovery of network pharmacological mechanisms and the advancement of precision medicine. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01681316).

2.
J Hepatol ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is a primary liver cancer with high aggressiveness and extremely poor prognosis. The role of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in ICC carcinogenesis and progression remains to be determined. METHODS: CircRNA microarray was performed to screen significantly up-regulated circRNAs in paired ICC and non-tumor tissues. Colony formation, transwell, and xenograft models were used to examine the role of circRNAs in ICC proliferation and metastasis. RNA pulldown, mass spectrometry, chromatin immunoprecipitation, RNA binding protein immunoprecipitation, chromatin isolation by RNA purification, electrophoretic mobility shift assay, and luciferase reporter assays were used to explore the molecular sponge role of the circRNA via binding to miRNAs, and the interaction between circRNA and RNA-binding proteins. RESULTS: Hsa_circ_0050898, which originated from exon 1 to exon 20 of the ACTN4 gene (named as circACTN4), was significantly upregulated in ICC. High circACTN4 expression was associated with enhanced tumor proliferation and metastasis in vitro and in vivo, as well as a worse prognosis following ICC resection. In addition, circACTN4 upregulated Yes-associated protein1 (YAP1) expression by sponging miR-424-5p. More importantly, circACTN4 also recruited Y-box binding protein 1 (YBX1) to stimulate Frizzled-7 (FZD7) transcription. Furthermore, circACTN4 overexpression in ICC cells enhanced the interaction between YAP1 and ß-catenin, which are the core components of the Hippo and Wnt signaling pathways, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: CircACTN4 was upregulated in ICC and promoted ICC proliferation and metastasis by acting as a molecular sponge of miR-424-5p, as well as by interacting with YBX1 to transcriptionally activate FZD7. These results suggested that circACTN4 is a potential prognostic marker and therapeutic target for ICC. LAY SUMMARY: A circular RNA (circACTN4) was highly expressed in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). The expression level of circACTN4 was positively associated with tumor growth and metastasis through both the Hippo and Wnt signaling pathways.

3.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies demonstrate that fish byproduct can be used as sources of bioactive peptides for functional foods. Sturgeon skin contains abundant proteins while it has commonly been discarded during sturgeon processing. The objective of the present work is to identify and characterize the bioactive peptides from protein hydrolysates of sturgeon skin. RESULTS: Sturgeon skin protein extract (SKPE) hydrolyzed by flavourzyme for 60 min exhibited high antioxidant activity, dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity. The sequences of peptides from flavourzyme hydrolysates were identified using HPLC-MS/MS. Gly-Asp-Arg-Gly-Glu-Ser-Gly-Pro-Ala (P1) showed the highest DPPH radical scavenging activity (DPPH IC50 = 1.93 mM). Gly-Pro-Ala-Gly-Glu-Arg-Gly-Glu-Gly-Gly-Pro-Arg (P11) (DPP-IV IC50  = 2.14 mM) and Ser-Pro-Gly-Pro-Asp-Gly-Lys-Thr-Gly-Pro-Arg (P12) (DPP-IV IC50  = 2.61 mM) exhibited the strongest DPP-IV inhibitory activity. Gly-Pro-Pro-Gly-Ala-Asp-Gly-Gln-Ala-Gly-Ala-Lys (P6) displayed the highest ACE inhibitory activity (ACE IC50 = 3.77 mM). The molecular docking analysis revealed that DPP-IV inhibition of P11 and P12 are mainly attributed to hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions, whereas ACE inhibition of P6 is mainly attributed to strong hydrogen bonds. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicated that SKPE hydrolysates generated by flavourzyme were potential sources of bioactive peptides that be uses in health food industry.

4.
Arch Virol ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524537

RESUMO

Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the etiological agent of post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). The original prevalent genotype, PCV2a, has been replaced by genotypes 2b and 2d in the swine population worldwide. The Rep protein is critical for viral replication. Comparison of a large number of Rep protein amino acid (aa) sequences showed that three sites distinguish genotype 2b from genotype 2d. In order to analyze the effect of exchanging the amino acids (asparagine and serine) at position 6 in the Rep proteins of PCV2b and PCV2d, two wild-type and two mutant viruses were rescued. Real-time quantitative PCR and a one-step growth curve were used to determine the viral load to assess the replication ability of the rescued viruses. The results showed that there was no significant difference in in vitro performance between the wild-type PCV2b and the mutated virus, while the mutation of PCV2d enhanced viral replication.

5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 2): 1219-1228, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492460

RESUMO

To minimize unwanted reactions with high concentrations of reduced glutathione (GSH) in the tumor microenvironment (TME) during chemodynamic therapy (CDT), a simple and effective strategy was developed to fabricate a TME stimuli-responsive theranostic nanomedicine (Fe-CD) for fluorescence imaging-guided GSH depletion and cancer therapy by combining fluorescent imaging carbon dots (CD) and Fe(III). Introducing Fe(III) into Fe-CD not only quenched the fluorescence of CD while reacting with and consuming intracellular GSH for fluorescence imaging of the depletion of GSH but also provided a source of metal ions to generate more abundant hydroxyl radicals (•OH) with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) through the Fenton reaction to improve CDT. Fe-CD showed promising •OH generation under H2O2 to effectively degrade methylene blue in vitro and obviously activate the green fluorescence of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) probe in cells. Benefiting from the fluorescence enhancement in response to TME stimulation, Fe-CD greatly enhanced CDT cytotoxicity while monitoring successful GSH depletion by fluorescence imaging. Fe-CD has the potential to act as a theranostic nanomedicine for fluorescence imaging-guided GSH depletion to amplify CDT.

6.
Cell Metab ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536344

RESUMO

Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MIR) injury is a major cause of adverse outcomes of revascularization after myocardial infarction. To identify the fundamental regulator of reperfusion injury, we performed metabolomics profiling in plasma of individuals before and after revascularization and identified a marked accumulation of arachidonate 12-lipoxygenase (ALOX12)-dependent 12-HETE following revascularization. The potent induction of 12-HETE proceeded by reperfusion was conserved in post-MIR in mice, pigs, and monkeys. While genetic inhibition of Alox12 protected mouse hearts from reperfusion injury and remodeling, Alox12 overexpression exacerbated MIR injury. Remarkably, pharmacological inhibition of ALOX12 significantly reduced cardiac injury in mice, pigs, and monkeys. Unexpectedly, ALOX12 promotes cardiomyocyte injury beyond its enzymatic activity and production of 12-HETE but also by its suppression of AMPK activity via a direct interaction with its upstream kinase TAK1. Taken together, our study demonstrates that ALOX12 is a novel AMPK upstream regulator in the post-MIR heart and that it represents a conserved therapeutic target for the treatment of myocardial reperfusion injury.

7.
Eur J Pharmacol ; : 174462, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536366

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis is a persistent pathological repair of chronic liver injury, which is characterized by excessive deposition of collagen-dominated extracellular matrix (ECM). It is well known that hepatic fibrosis can be reversed in the absence of etiology. Studies have shown that long non-coding RNA (Lnc RNA) maternally expressed gene3 (MEG3) has strong effects on the activation of hepatic stellata cells (HSCs). However, the function of MEG3 in the reversal of liver fibrosis has not been studied. In this experiment, we studied the content expression, function, and part of the potential mechanism of MEG3 in reversing liver fibrosis. In in vivo and in vitro models, we found that MEG3 was down-regulated during the formation of liver fibrosis, while it was up-regulated during the reversal of liver fibrosis. Then, it was found that the silencing of MEG3 could gradually restore the activity of the inactivated LX-2 cells, Overexpression of MEG3 can inhibit the activation of LX-2 cells, accelerate the reversal of liver fibrosis. Through catRAPID analysis, it was found that NLR family CARD domain containing 5 (NLRC5) may be a target of MEG3. We found that, after MEG3 silencing, NLRC5 expression was upregulated in LX-2 cells in the reverse phase, while, after MEG3 overexpression, NLRC5 expression was decreased. Further, we verified that MEG3 can target NLRC5 through RNA pull down experiment. Therefore, MEG3 may inhibit the activation of hepatic stellate cells by targeting NLRC5, thus accelerating the reversal of hepatic fibrosis.

8.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 342, 2021 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531370

RESUMO

While some individuals infected by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) present mild-to-severe disease, many SARS-CoV-2-infected individuals are asymptomatic. We sought to identify the distinction of immune response between asymptomatic and moderate patients. We performed single-cell transcriptome and T-cell/B-cell receptor (TCR/BCR) sequencing in 37 longitudinal collected peripheral blood mononuclear cell samples from asymptomatic, moderate, and severe patients with healthy controls. Asymptomatic patients displayed increased CD56briCD16- natural killer (NK) cells and upregulation of interferon-gamma in effector CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and NK cells. They showed more robust TCR clonal expansion, especially in effector CD4+ T cells, but lack strong BCR clonal expansion compared to moderate patients. Moreover, asymptomatic patients have lower interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) expression in general but large interpatient variability, whereas moderate patients showed various magnitude and temporal dynamics of the ISGs expression across multiple cell populations but lower than a patient with severe disease. Our data provide evidence of different immune signatures to SARS-CoV-2 in asymptomatic infections.

9.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(9): 851-857, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533132

RESUMO

T cell receptor (TCR) is an integral part of T cell recognition antigen, and the sum of TCR of all T cells in an individual is called the TCR repertoire. Understanding the composition and characteristics of the TCR repertoire in healthy and pathological state helps us to gain an insight into adaptive immunity. At present, many analysis tools for high-throughput data have been developed, including basic composition analysis and downstream function analysis. The database of antigen-specific T cells established by researchers is fundamental to clinical research. The analysis of the functional characteristics of the TCR repertoire is critical to the understanding of TCR repertoire. However, the existing downstream analysis tools still requires further application and verification. This paper reviewed several commonly used TCR repertoire analysis tools, which hopefully can provide a reference for non-bioinformatics researchers in choosing analysis tools.


Assuntos
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta , Linfócitos T
10.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 118: 160-168, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500054

RESUMO

Interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) is activated by IκB kinase ε (IKKε) and Tank-binding kinase 1 (TBK1), which plays a crucial role in the interferon signaling in vertebrates. However, the regulation of teleost IRF3 by IKKε remains largely unknown. In this study, the IRF3 homologue (bcIRF3) of black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) has been cloned and characterized. The transcription of bcIRF3 was detected to increase in host cells in response to different stimuli. bcIRF3 distributed predominantly in the cytosolic area; however, translocated into nuclei after virus infection. bcIRF3 showed IFN-inducing ability in reporter assay and EPC cells expressing bcIRF3 showed enhanced antiviral ability against both grass carp reovirus (GCRV) and spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV). Moreover, knockdown of bcIRF3 reduced the antiviral ability of the host cells, and the transcription of antiviral-related cytokines was obviously lower in bcIRF3-deficient host cells than that of control cells. The data of reporter assay and plaque assay demonstrated that bcIKKε obviously enhanced bcIRF3-mediated IFN production and antiviral activity. Immunofluorescent staining and co-immunoprecipitation assay revealed that bcIKKε interacted with bcIRF3. It was interesting that the nuclear translocation of bcIRF3 and bcIKKε was enhanced by each other when these two molecules were co-expressed in the cells, however, the protein levels of bcIRF3 and bcIKKε were decreased mutually. Thus, our data support the conclusion that bcIKKε interacts with bcIRF3 and enhances bcIRF3-mediated antiviral signaling during host innate immune activation.

11.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(37): 15427-15439, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516125

RESUMO

Traditional surgical intervention and antibiotic treatment are poor and even invalid for chronic diseases including periodontitis induced by diverse oral pathogens, which often causes progressive destruction of tissues, even tooth loss, and systemic diseases. Herein, an ointment comprising atomic-layer Fe2O3-modified two-dimensional porphyrinic metal-organic framework (2D MOF) nanosheets is designed by incorporating a polyethylene glycol matrix. After the atomic layer deposition surface engineering, the enhanced photocatalytic activity of the 2D MOF heterointerface results from lower adsorption energy and more charge transfer amounts due to the synergistic effect of metal-linker bridging units, abundant active sites, and an excellent light-harvesting network. This biocompatible and biodegradable 2D MOF-based heterostructure exhibits broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity (99.87 ± 0.09%, 99.57 ± 0.21%, and 99.03 ± 0.24%) against diverse oral pathogens (Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, and Staphylococcus aureus) by the synergistic effect of reactive oxygen species and released ions. This photodynamic ion therapy exhibits a superior therapeutic effect to the reported clinical periodontitis treatment owing to rapid antibacterial activity, alleviative inflammation, and improved angiogenesis.

12.
Virulence ; 12(1): 2443-2460, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517783

RESUMO

A growing body of evidence suggests the pivotal role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) in influenza virus infection. Based on next-generation sequencing, we previously demonstrated that Lnc45 was distinctively stimulated by H5N1 influenza virus in mice. In this study, we systematically investigated the specific role of Lnc45 during influenza A virus (IAV) infection. Through qRT-PCR, we first demonstrated that Lnc45 is highly up-regulated by different subtypes of IAV strains, including H5N1, H7N9, and H1N1 viruses. Using RNA-FISH and qRT-PCR, we then found that Lnc45 can translocate from nuclear to cytoplasm during H5N1 virus infection. In addition, forced Lnc45 expression dramatically impeded viral replication of H1N1, H5N1, and H7N9 virus, while abolish of Lnc45 expression by RNA interference favored replication of these viruses, highlighting the potential broad antiviral activity of Lnc45 to IAV. Correspondingly, overexpression of Lnc45 inhibited viral polymerase activity and suppressed IAV-induced cell apoptosis. Moreover, Lnc45 significantly restrained nuclear aggregation of viral NP and PA proteins during H5N1 virus infection. Further functional study revealed that the stem ring arms of Lnc45 mainly mediated the antiviral effect. Therefore, we here demonstrated that Lnc45 functions as a broad-spectrum antiviral factor to inhibit influenza virus replication probably through inhibiting polymerase activity and NP and PA nuclear accumulation via its stem ring arms. Our study not only advances our understanding of the complexity of the IAV pathogenesis but also lays the foundation for developing novel anti-IAV therapeutics targeting the host lncRNA.

13.
Cartilage ; : 19476035211044820, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493119

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study was to observe the effect of autophagy in tibial plateau chondrocytes on apoptosis in spontaneous knee osteoarthritis (OA) in guinea pigs. DESIGN: Fifty 2-month-old female Hartley guinea pigs were divided into a normal group (10 animals, all euthanized after 7 months) and an OA group (40 animals, 10 of which were euthanized after 10 months). Immunohistochemistry, RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to evaluate autophagy levels, intracellular glycogen accumulation and apoptosis in tibial plateau chondrocytes in vivo and in vitro. The remaining 30 guinea pigs in the OA group were divided into 3 groups: a rapamycin group, a normal saline group, and a 3-methyladenine (3-MA) group. Intracellular glycogen accumulation and chondrocyte apoptosis were assessed by altering the level of autophagy in chondrocytes in vivo. RESULTS: When spontaneous OA occurred in guinea pigs, autophagy levels in tibial plateau chondrocytes decreased, while intracellular glycogen accumulation and the rate of chondrocyte apoptosis increased. After enhancing the level of autophagy in tibial plateau chondrocytes in guinea pigs with OA, intracellular glycogen accumulation and the rate of chondrocyte apoptosis decreased, while inhibiting autophagy had the opposite effects. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the function of autophagy in chondrocytes may at least partly involve the catabolism of glycogen. In guinea pigs with OA, the level of autophagy in tibial plateau chondrocytes decreased, and chondrocytes were unable to degrade intracellular glycogen into glucose, leading to less energy for chondrocytes and increased apoptosis.

14.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-14, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494933

RESUMO

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is one of the main causes of lower back pain (LBP). It results from an imbalance between the degradation and synthesis of extracellular matrix (ECM) components in nucleus pulposus (NP) cells. Atorvastatin, an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, plays a vital role in many diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and osteoarthritis. However, the effect of atorvastatin on IDD is unclear. Herein, we demonstrated that atorvastatin affects matrix degradation induced by TNF-α and demonstrated the mechanism by which TNF-α modulates matrix metabolism in rat NP cells. Real-time PCR, western blotting and immunofluorescence staining were performed to detect the mRNA and protein expression of related genes. mRFP-GFP-LC3 adenovirus plasmid transfection and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to detect cell autophagy. NLRP3 inhibitor and lentiviral vectors containing shRNA-NLRP3 were used to show the effect of NLRP3 on autophagic flux and the NF-κB signaling pathway. The results revealed that atorvastatin might suppress matrix degradation induced by TNF-α by suppressing NLRP3 inflammasome activity and inducing autophagic flux. Moreover, atorvastatin suppressed NF-κB signaling induced by TNF-α. NF-κB signaling inhibition suppressed NLRP3 inflammasome activity, and NLRP3 inhibition suppressed NF-κB signaling activation induced by TNF-α. NLRP3 inhibition or NLRP3 knockdown induced autophagic flux in the presence of TNF-α. Overall, the present study demonstrated that atorvastatin might suppress matrix degradation induced by TNF-α and further revealed the crosstalk among NLRP3 inflammasome activity, autophagy and NF-κB signaling.

15.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257248, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507348

RESUMO

Meiosis is a complex process involving the expression and interaction of numerous genes in a series of highly orchestrated molecular events. Fam9b localized in Xp22.3 has been found to be expressed in testes. However, FAM9B expression, localization, and its role in meiosis have not been previously reported. In this study, FAM9B expression was evaluated in the human testes and ovaries by RT-PCR, qPCR, and western blotting. FAM9B was found in the nuclei of primary spermatocytes in testes and specifically localized in the synaptonemal complex (SC) region of spermatocytes. FAM9B was also evident in the follicle cell nuclei and diffusely dispersed in the granular cell cytoplasm. FAM9B was partly co-localized with SYCP3, which is essential for both formation and maintenance of lateral SC elements. In addition, FAM9B had a similar distribution pattern and co-localization as γH2AX, which is a novel biomarker for DNA double-strand breaks during meiosis. All results indicate that FAM9B is a novel meiosis-associated protein that is co-localized with SYCP3 and γH2AX and may play an important role in SC formation and DNA recombination during meiosis. These findings offer a new perspective for understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in meiosis of human gametogenesis.

16.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 60(5): 827-830, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507656

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the status of fertility preservation (FP) in young breast cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clinical database of six women with breast cancer who wished to undergo FP before starting chemotherapy were analyzed between January 2018 and December 2019 in our hospital. Among the six women, three were unmarried and three were married. RESULTS: Three patients chose oocyte preservation and obtained 23, 7, and 17 MII oocytes, respectively. One patient chose embryo freezing, and three embryos were frozen. Fertility preservation failed for two patients, one of whom had premature ovulation, while the other patient abandoned egg retrieval on the human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) day. CONCLUSION: The present results indicate that oocyte and embryo cryopreservation are effective optional methods for young breast cancer patients. However, a lack of knowledge, the urgency of cancer treatment, and financial constraints are causes for a low access rate regarding this process.

17.
Food Res Int ; 148: 110570, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507724

RESUMO

Soybean milk is an economical substitute for dairy products. Pediococcus pentosaceus has been used as a food additive to improve taste, nutrition, and food safety. In this study, four P. pentosaceus strains (CICC 24444, QK-1, MQ-1 and RQ-1) isolated from various food sources and known to exhibit broad-spectrum antibacterial activities were used to ferment soybean milk, and their fermentation characteristics and the properties of the resulting beverages were evaluated. The results revealed that the P. pentosaceus strains can inhibited the growth of five types of pathogenic bacteria (Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serotype Enteritidis, Yersinia enterocolitica, Shigella dysenteriae, Escherichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus), and their in vitro survival rates in the simulated stomach and intestinal environments were above 90%, satisfying the probiotic requirements. Isomaltose oligosaccharide was used as a protective agent to resist low-temperature freeze-drying damage and ensure a high survival rate, and P. pentosaceus was directly injected into fermented soymilk. The acidification of fermented soybean milk was the weakest with P. pentosaceus QK-1, and the viable bacterial counts of all strains were stable after 28 days of storage. After fermentation, the antioxidant ability was enhanced. Arginine and ß-alanine levels increased after fermentation, and the adjunct culture of P. pentosaceus QK-1 increased proline levels. Our data indicate that P. pentosaceus QK-1 is a suitable strain for the development of functional plant-based beverages.

18.
HLA ; 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) induced by donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies (DSA) remains a major cause of long-term graft loss after kidney transplantation. Currently, the presence of DSA cannot always be determined at a specific allele level, because existing donor HLA typing is low resolution and often incomplete, lacking HLA-DP, and occasionally HLA-C and HLA-DQ information and historical donor DNA samples are not available for HLA retyping. Here we present a novel, non-invasive technique for obtaining donor DNA from selectively expanded donor cells from urine of renal transplant recipients. METHODS: Urine-derived cells were successfully expanded ex vivo from 31 of 32 enrolled renal transplant recipients, and with DNA obtained from these cells, donor HLA typing was unambiguously determined for HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1, -DQA1, -DQB1, -DPA1 and -DPB1 loci by next-generation sequencing. RESULTS: Our results showed 100% concordance of HLA typing data between donor peripheral blood and recipient urine-derived cells. In comparison, HLA typing showed that DNA derived from urine sediments mainly contained recipient-derived DNA. We also present the successful application of our novel technique in a clinical case of AMR in a renal transplant recipient. CONCLUSIONS: Urine-derived donor cells can be isolated from kidney transplant recipients and serve as a suitable source of donor material for reliable high-resolution HLA genotyping. Thus, this approach can aid the assessment of DSA specificity to support the diagnosis of AMR as well as the evaluation of treatment efficacy in kidney transplant recipients when complete donor HLA information and donor DNA are unavailable. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

19.
Interv Neuroradiol ; : 15910199211039689, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anterior communicating artery aneurysms are the second most common type of intracranial aneurysm and have a high incidence of rupture. Intraprocedural rupture can lead to a high mortality and morbidity rate, representing a major challenge in emergency endovascular treatment of ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysms. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 344 consecutive patients with emergency endovascular treatment of ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysms. Patients were grouped into intraprocedural rupture and non-intraprocedural rupture groups according to whether intraprocedural rupture occurred. Demographic and clinical factors, vessel-related factors and therapy-related factors were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Intraprocedural rupture occurred in 11 patients (3.2%). Univariate analysis showed that hypertension, the occurrence of vasospasm, aneurysm size, aneurysm angle and a high aspect ratio value were significantly associated with intraprocedural rupture (P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that hypertension odds ratio (OR, 9.799; P = 0.007), the occurrence of vasospasm (OR, 10.121; P = 0.002) and a high aspect ratio value (OR, 10.571; P = 0.006) were independent risk factors for intraprocedural rupture. CONCLUSIONS: A history of hypertension, the occurrence of vasospasm and a high aspect ratio value are independent risk factors for intraprocedural rupture among patients with ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysms.

20.
EBioMedicine ; 71: 103558, 2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Resistance to platinum-based chemotherapy is a major cause of therapeutic failure during the treatment of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients. Our study aims to elucidate the molecular mechanisms by which ZNF711 down regulation promotes CISPLATIN resistance in EOC. METHODS: ZNF711 expression in 150 EOC specimens was examined using immunohistochemistry. ZNF711 expression and the survival of EOC patients were assessed with a Kaplan-Meier analysis. The effects of ZNF711 expression on CDDP resistance were studied by IC50, Annexin V, and colony formation in vitro, and in an in vivo intra-peritoneal tumor model. The molecular mechanism was determined using a luciferase reporter assay, ChIP assay, CAPTURE approach, and co-IP assay. FINDINGS: ZNF711 down-regulation exerts a great impact on CDDP resistance for EOC patients by suppressing SLC31A1 and inhibiting CDDP influx. ZNF711 down-regulation promoted, while ZNF711 overexpression drastically inhibited CDDP resistance, both in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistically, the histone demethylase JHDM2A was recruited to the SLC31A1 promoter by ZNF711 and decreased the H3K9me2 level, resulting in the activation of SLC31A1 transcription and enhancement of CDDP uptake. Importantly, co-treatment with the histone methylation inhibitor, BIX-01294, increased the therapeutic efficacy of CDDP treatment in ZNF711-suppressed EOC cells. INTERPRETATION: These findings both verified the clinical importance of ZNF711 in CDDP resistance and provide novel therapeutic regimens for EOC treatment. FUNDING: This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China; Guangzhou Science and Technology Plan Projects; Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province; The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities; and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation.

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