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1.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 24(8): 832-838, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) is new criteria for diagnosing malnutrition that need validation adjusted to race. Our aim is to determine the optimal reference values of calf circumference (CC), investigate the prevalence of GLIM-defined malnutrition based on different screening tools in inpatients over 70 years old in China and assess its relationship with clinical outcomes. METHODS: We designed two continuity studies by analyzing a prospective multicenter database. First, we estimated and validated the CC cut-off values by receiver operating characteristic analyses against in-hospital mortality. Then the patients who were at risk by NRS 2002, MNA-SF and MUST were assessed by the GLIM criteria using the new CC values. Some clinical parameters and outcome data were evaluated. RESULTS: The optimal cut-off values of CC were 29.6 cm for male patients and 27.5 cm for female patients. The prevalence of GLIM-defined malnutrition was 27.5% by using NRS2002, 32.6% by using MNA-SF and 25.4% by using MUST. Patients with GLIM-defined malnutrition showed significantly worse values in BMI, total protein, albumin, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, CC, rate of complication, in-hospital mortality, length of stay, and total hospital cost than normal patients. Multivariate logistic regression showed the odds ratio of in-hospital mortality was significantly associated with GLIM defined malnutrition by using MNA-SF [OR = 1.231, 95%CI (1.022, 1.484), P = 0.029]. CONCLUSIONS: The Chinese reference values of CC for inpatients over 70 years old were validated by in-hospital mortality, which could be implemented in GLIM criteria. And this population possessed a high prevalence of nutrition risk and malnutrition. GLIM criteria with MNA-SF seems to be the first choice to diagnose malnutrition.

2.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 960327120961158, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021112

RESUMO

Overdose acetaminophen (APAP) can result in severe liver injury, which is responsible for nearly half of drug-induced liver injury in western countries. Previous studies have found that there existed massive hepatocellular necrosis and severe inflammatory response in APAP-induced liver injury. However, the mechanistic linkage between necroptosis and NLRP3 inflammasome pathway in APAP-induced hepatotoxicity remains poorly understood. In order to investigate the relationship between inflammation and hepatocytes death in APAP hepatotoxicity, a time-course model for APAP hepatotoxicity in C57/BL6 mice was established by intraperitoneal (i.p) injection of 300 mg/kg APAP in this study. The activity of serum enzymes and pathological changes of APAP-treated mice were evaluated, and the critical molecules in necroptosis and NF-κB-NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway were determined by immunoblot and immunofluorescence analysis. The results demonstrated that APAP overdose resulted in a severe liver injury. Furthermore, the expression of critical molecules in NLRP3 inflammasome and necroptosis pathways peaked at 12-24 h, and then was decreased gradually, which is consistent with the pattern of pathological injury induced by APAP. Our further investigation found that the level of IL-1ß in mouse liver was closely correlated with the level of phosphorylated MLKL following exposure to APAP. Furthermore, inhibition of necroptosis with necrostatin-1 significantly suppressed the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome signaling. Taken together, our results highlighted that the cross-talk between necroptosis and NLRP3 inflammasome played a critical role for promoting APAP-induced liver injury. Inhibition of the interaction of inflammation and necroptosis by pharmaceutical methods may represent a promising therapeutic strategy for APAP-induced liver injury.

3.
Br Poult Sci ; : 1-7, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32902307

RESUMO

1. When geese or ducks are overfed with a high-energy diet rich in carbohydrates, their liver increases in size by 5- to 10-fold in 2 weeks, which is accompanied by the occurrence of hepatic steatosis. As a result, this distinctive genetic characteristic of waterfowl has been taken advantage of to produce foie gras. 2. When overfed geese were fed a regular diet for a 20-d period of recovery, their liver was restored to the original state. Hence, the entire process is reversible, and cause no lasting cirrhosis or necrosis in the liver. This suggests that waterfowl have a mechanism to protect their liver from the harm caused by severe hepatic steatosis. 3. This paper reviews the formation, physiological changes to metabolic pathways and the protective mechanisms in geese and ducks with hepatic steatosis. Not only will understanding these mechanisms provide ideas for the waterfowl breeding selection for foie gras, it is conducive to improving production efficiency and quality of foie gras. This provides a scientific basis to ensure animal welfare and an approach to the prevention and treatment of fatty liver disease in human.

4.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(8): 648-652, 2020 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867456

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between KDM6A mutation or expression and clinicopathological characteristics of gastric cancer. Methods: Fifty-seven cases of gastric cancer tissues were analyzed by second-generation sequencing, and bioinformation database such as Cbioportal, Kaplan Meier-Plotter, and the Human Protein Atlas were used to analyze the relationship between KDM6A mutation and clinicopathological characteristics of gastric cancer. Results: Among 57 gastric cancer samples, 14 were KDM6A mutation, and the mutation proportion was 24.6%. Compared with the non-mutation group, the Borrmann classification, T stage, TNM stage and tumor diameter of KDM6A mutant group were significantly different (all P<0.05). The median survival time of the KDM6A mutant patients was 53.5 months, significantly shorter than 72.0 months of the KDM6A non-mutation patients (P=0.007). The analysis result of Kaplan Meier-Plotter database showed that, among all of the 875 patients, 655 patients had low KDM6A expression and 220 patients had high expression. The median survival time of patients with low expression was 23.5 months, significantly shorter than 30.8 months of patients with high expression (P=0.002). In male, gastric cancer patients with stage Ⅲ, intestinal type, diffuse type, simple surgical treatment and fluorouracil chemotherapy, the expression of KDM6A is related to the patient's overall survival time (all P<0.05). The analysis result of Cbioportal database showed that, among all of the 1 172 gastric cancer patients, 70 patients with KDM6A mutation, 1100 patients with non-mutation. The median overall survival time of mutant patients was 28.9 months, significantly shorter than 35.9 months of non-mutation patients (P<0.001). The analysis result of Human Protein Atlas database showed that, among all of the 355 gastric cancer patients, 97 patients had high KDM6A expression and 258 patients had low KDM6A expression. The median survival time of patients with low expression was 13.7 months, significantly shorter than 19.8 months of patients with high expression (P=0.022). Conclusions: The survival time of gastric cancer patients with KDM6A mutation or low expression is shorter. The mutation and expression of KDM6A are related to clinical pathological factors, which may become a potential target for the diagnosis and treatment of gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Histona Desmetilases/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Histona Desmetilases/genética , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Mutação/genética , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida
5.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(8): 665-669, 2020 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867459

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the CT features and dynamic changes of new developed lung cancer in patients with connective tissue disease-related interstitial lung disease (CTD-ILD). Methods: A series of chest CT images of 58 CTD-ILD patients during follow-up were collected. The CT features of interstitial lung disease, the initial appearance time of lung cancer, the time of diagnosis of lung cancer, the morphological characteristics (location, shape, size) of lung cancer lesions and the dynamic changes of CT features were analyzed. Results: Among 58 patients, rheumatoid arthritis was the most common (31 cases). Chest CT images showed coexistence of two or more interstitial CT signs. During the follow-up, a total of 59 lung cancer lesions were found. The median time of lung cancer lesion occurred was 289 days. The median delay in diagnosis was 43 days. There were 44 cases of non-small cell lung cancer (including 23 cases of squamous cell carcinoma and 19 cases of adenocarcinoma), 12 cases of small cell lung cancer. Forty-three (72.9%) lesions were located in the lower lobes and 41 (69.5%) lesions were located in the area of pulmonary interstitial fibrosis. According to CT morphological characteristics of lung cancer, nodular type (37 cases), inflammatory consolidation (12 cases) and intra-honeycomb type (10 cases) were identified. Conclusions: The chest CT features of patients with CTD-ILD are complex. New developed lung cancer is easily missed or misdiagnosed in the early stage. Pay attention to the special CT characteristics of CTD-ILD with lung cancer is helpful for early diagnosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem
6.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(8): 676-681, 2020 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867461

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the survival and prognostic factors of radiotherapy in patient with Ⅳ stage esophageal squamous carcinoma treated with radiation or chemoradiation. Methods: The medical records of 608 patients with stage Ⅳ esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who met the inclusion criteria in 10 medical centers in China from 2002 to 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The overall survival and prognostic factors of all patients at 1, 3 and 5 years were analyzed. Results: The 1-, 3-, 5- year overall survival (OS) rates was 66.7%, 29.5% and 24.3% in stage ⅣA patients, and 58.8%, 29.0% and 23.5% in stage ⅣB patients. There was no statistical difference between the two groups (P=0.255). Univariate analysis demonstrated that the length of lesion, treatment plan, planned tumor target volume (PGTV) dose, subsequent chemotherapy, and degrees of anemia, radiation esophagitis, radiation pneumonia were related to the prognoses of patients with Ⅳ stage esophageal carcinomas after radiotherapy and chemotherapy (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that PGTV dose (OR=0.693, P=0.004), radiation esophagitis (OR=0.867, P=0.038), and radiation pneumonia (OR=1.181, P=0.004) were independent prognostic factors for OS. Conclusions: For patients with stage Ⅳ esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, chemoradiotherapy followed by sequential chemotherapy is recommended, which can extend the total survival and improve the prognosis of the patients. PGTV dose more than 60 Gy has better efficacy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/radioterapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/radioterapia , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(9): 953-957, 2020 Sep 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907284

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the adverse reactions of Diphtheria, Tetanus, Acellular Pertussis and Haemophilus Influenzae Type b Combined Vaccine conjugate vaccine at the anterolateral thigh muscle, upper arm deltoid muscle and upper gluteal region. Methods: A total of 12 241 infants who were voluntarily vaccinated DTaP-Hib from April 2015 to April 2019 in Beijing were selected for the study. DTaP-Hib vaccine is recommended for 3, 4, 5 months of age for basic immunization and 18 to 24 months of age to strengthen immunization. Subjects were divided into the groups of lateral thigh muscle, the upper arm deltoid and upper gluteal region according to the actual inoculation sites. Adverse reactions were collected within 30 minutes and 7 days after each does of vaccination at different sites and compared between three groups. The incidence of adverse reactions at the three different inoculation sites was compared by Chi-square test. Results: A total of 12 241 infants and toddlers received combined DTaP-Hib and 35 027 doses of DTaP-Hib were investigated. The number and of lateral thigh muscles, upper arm deltoids and gluteal muscles were 3 461 infants and 11 129 doses, 2 659 infants and 7 957 doses, 6 121 infants and 15 941 doses respectively. A total of 2 489 adverse reactions occurred. The incidence of adverse reactions was 7.11%. The incidence of adverse reactions in deltoid muscle of upper arm was 9.69%(771 doses), which was higher than that in gluteal muscle (7.58%, 1 211 doses) and anterolateral muscle of thigh (4.56%, 507 doses). The incidence of mild, moderate and severe adverse reactions in the upper arm deltoid group were higher than those in the other two groups. The incidence rates were 4.85% (386 doses), 3.77% (300 doses) and 1.07% (85 doses) respectively. The differences between groups were statistically significant(P<0.001). The total adverse reactions of the three doses of basic immunization and the fourth dose of enhanced immunization had the same trend in different parts. The incidence of adverse reactions was in the order of the upper arm deltoid injection, upper gluteal injection and lateral thigh muscle injection from high to low. The differences were statistically significant (P<0.001). Conclusion: The incidence of adverse reactions of DTaP-Hib vaccination in three different sites was low, which confirmed that the DTaP-Hib vaccination got expected safety regardless of the sites of inoculation. The lateral femoral muscle group had the lowest incidence of adverse reactions, hence it should be preferred as the inoculation site of DTaP-Hib vaccination.


Assuntos
Difteria , Vacinas Anti-Haemophilus , Haemophilus influenzae tipo b , Tétano , Coqueluche , Pequim , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Vacina Antipólio de Vírus Inativado , Vacinas Conjugadas
8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(9): 958-962, 2020 Sep 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907285

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the safety of diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis (DTaP) containing combination vaccines used in Chengdu. Methods: The AEFI reports data of DTaP vaccine, DTaP-Haemophilus influenza type b combined vaccine (DTaP-Hib) and DTaP-inactivated poliovirus-Hib combined vaccine (DTaP-IPV-Hib) in Chengdu from 2015 to 2019 were collected through the national immunization management system. Description epidemiological method was used to analyze the data. Results: From 2015 to 2019, a total of 8 234 cases of AEFI of DTaP containing combination vaccines were reported in Chengdu, with a reported incidence of 194.55/100 000 doses, including 7 897 cases of common adverse reaction (168.59 per 100 000) and 234 cases of rare adverse reaction (5.53 per 100 000). The DTaP vaccine reported 4 240 cases AEFI (140.63 per 100 000), the DTaP-Hib vaccine reported 2 490 cases AEFI (399.09 per 100 000) and the DTaP-IPV-Hib vaccine reported 1 504 cases AEFI (253.49 per 100 000). All the three vaccines had the highest incidence for the booster doses; the rare adverse reaction were mainly Anaphylactic Reaction (6.27 per 100 000). Conclusions: The AEFI monitor system had high sensitivity, and the rare adverse reaction rate was extremely low, all the vaccines had good safety profiles. The Thrombocytopenic purpura and Laryngeal Edema should be paid more attention to.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche Acelular , Difteria , Vacinas Anti-Haemophilus , Tétano , Coqueluche , Anticorpos Antibacterianos , Humanos , Lactente , Vacina Antipólio de Vírus Inativado/efeitos adversos , Vacinas Combinadas/efeitos adversos , Vacinas Conjugadas/efeitos adversos
9.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(9): 740-747, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957756

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the practice patterns and the related factors of oral antiarrhythmic drug (AAD) treatment in Chinese patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and to evaluate the compliance of AAD application to atrial fibrillation management guidelines. Methods: From August 2011 to August 2016, medical records from 18 014 patients with AF were analyzed based on data from the Chinese Atrial Fibrillation Registry trial. Patients were divided into AAD group (7 788 cases, 43.23%) and non-AAD group (10 226 cases, 56.77%) according to whether AAD was used at baseline or at the time of first use during follow-up. Amiodarone (4 129 cases, 53.02%) and propafenone (3 211 cases, 41.23%) were the mostly prescribed AAD and subgroup analysis was performed accordingly. Medical records were analyzed by random forest regression to evaluate the use of AAD and related factors in patients with AF, and the rationality of AAD was analyzed according to the guidelines for the management of atrial fibrillation. Result: A total of 18 014 patients were included in this study, of which 60.48% (10 895/18 014) were male patients, 22.65% (4 081/18 014) were elderly patients(≥75 years old), there were 7 788 patients (43.23%) in AAD group, and 10 226 patients(56.77%) in non-AAD group. Compared with the non-AAD group, the elderly patients (≥75 years old, 13.74%(1 070/7 788) vs. 29.44%(3 011/10 226)), persistent AF (28.95% (2 250/7 788) 45.80% (4 683/10 226)), heart failure(8.29% (646/7 788) vs. 21.95% (2 245/10 226)), stroke and (or) TIA(12.15% (946/7 788) vs. 19.95% (2 040/10 226)), renal dysfunction(16.36%(1 274/7 788) vs. 29.37% (3 003/10 226)), and high thromboembolism risk(60.17% (4 748/7 788) vs. 76.40% (7 813/10 226)) were less prevalent in the AAD subgroup (P<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that patients in tertiary hospitals (OR=3.72, 95%CI 3.17-4.37) were more likely to use AAD, elderly patients (≥75 years old, OR=0.47, 95%CI 0.39-0.55), persistent atrial fibrillation (OR=0.66, 95%CI 0.60-0.72), and patients with heart failure (OR=0.54, 95%CI 0.47-0.63), stroke and (or) TIA (OR=0.77, 95%CI 0.68-0.87), renal dysfunction (OR=0.75, 95%CI 0.59-0.95) and high thromboembolism risk(OR=0.7, 95%CI 0.58-0.84) were more likely not to use AAD(P<0.05). In the AAD group, amiodarone and propafenone were the most commonly used AAD, accounting for 53.02% (4 129/7 788) and 41.23% (3 211/7 788), respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (OR=4.57, 95%CI 3.94-5.29) and coronary heart disease (OR=4.14, 95%CI 3.03-5.64), heart failure (OR=2.07, 95%CI 1.48-2.89), non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (OR=4.84, 95%CI 2.41-9.73) were more likely to use amiodarone, and those with normal left ventricular ejection fraction (OR=0.31, 95%CI 0.15-0.65) and low thromboembolism risk (OR=0.78, 95%CI 0.63-0.97) were more likely to use propafenone (P<0.001). The overall incidence of AAD treatment, which was not indicated by the guidelines was 6.5% (480/7 340); 5.1% (212/4 129) in the amiodarone group and 8.3% (268/3 211) in the propafenone group, respectively. Compared with the rational AAD use group, the proportion of irrational drug use was higher in the elderly (≥75 years old) (20.4% (98/480) vs. 12.9% (887/6 860)), patients of high thromboembolism risk (77.1% (379/480) vs. 59.0% (4 047/6 860)), and in non-tertiary hospitals (7.1% (34/480) vs. 3.3% (299/6 860)), but lower in men(50.8% (244/480) vs. 64.5% (4 427/6 860)), P<0.001. Conclusions: The patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, who were treated with AAD, were mostly patients with fewer complications, and the patients who were treated with amiodarone were mostly patients with persistent atrial fibrillation, patients were more likely to complicate with organic heart disease. The incidence of AAD that do not comply with the guidelines was low, and it was more common in non-tertiary hospitals and the elder patients with high thromboembolism risk.


Assuntos
Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Padrões de Prática Médica , Sistema de Registros , Idoso , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Humanos , Masculino , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(17): 8947-8956, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964985

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In 2016 WHO classification, EBV +DLBCL of the elderly was replaced by EBV+ DLBCL NOS. This is due to the fact that many young patients of EBV+ DLBCL were found in recent years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, we retrospectively analyzed clinical features and survival outcomes of EBV positive DLBCL patients in different age groups. All the patients treated at a single center. RESULTS: When we use different ages (40, 50 and 60 years old) as cutoffs, the prevalence of EBV positive DLBCL was 12.0%, 12.3% and 13.0% in younger patients and 19.0%, 15.4% and 13.8% in elder patients respectively. Whatever the age cutoff was, EBV positive associated with unfavorable clinical prognosis in elder groups. When we use 40 and 50 years old as age cutoffs, poor impacts of EBV positive on overall survival and progression-free survival were observed only in elder patients, but not in younger patients. It should be noted that when we use 60 years old as age cutoff, the results were the opposite. CONCLUSIONS: EBV+ DLBCL patients with age of 40 to 60 years old showed poorer prognostic features than EBV- DLBCL patients; however, patients in other age groups did not show evident differences in prognosis between EBV+ DLBCL patients and EBV- DLBCL patients. This finding was not reported before.

11.
Clin Radiol ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948315

RESUMO

AIM: To examine the prognostic value of global peak diastolic strain rate (PDSR) derived from cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) tissue tracking (CMR-TT) in predicting adverse outcomes in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 98 patients diagnosed with HCM (44 patients had left ventricle [LV] outflow tract obstruction [LVOTO] and 54 patients did not) were enrolled and followed for the specified endpoint. LV global myocardial mechanics was assessed in all participants using CMR-TT at study entry. RESULTS: Compared with the non-obstructive subgroup, the obstructive subgroup demonstrated deteriorated magnitude of LV global radial, circumferential, and longitudinal PDSR (all p<0.05). After a mean follow-up period of 4.5 years, 24 patients reached an endpoint before the end of the study. Furthermore, when using the specified cut-off value (0.33 1/s) of longitudinal PDSR, the Kaplan-Meier curve demonstrated that patients with lower longitudinal PDSR had a significantly lower freedom from major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) compared with their counterparts in the non-obstructive, obstructive, and overall cohorts (all log-rank p<0.05). Multivariable analysis showed that longitudinal PDSR remained the strongest predictor of outcome after adjusting for baseline and CMR variables (hazard ratio, 2.65; 95% confidence interval, 2.21-11.44; p<0.05). CONCLUSION: CMR-TT-derived longitudinal PDSR is probably considered a novel and easy-to-perform marker for predicting adverse outcomes in HCM patients, which is beneficial to risk stratification. Further confirmatory studies are needed.

12.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 50(4): 250-253, 2020 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32911924

RESUMO

Chen Xunzhai was a famous Fujian traditional Chinese medicine expert in the period of the Republic of China. There are different records of his native place in the existing literature. By reviewing the published journals and books, interviewing Chen Xunzhai's scattered works and genealogy and visiting his descendants, this article conducted investigations and researches and confirmed that Chen Xunzhai, also named Guangcheng, was born in Shangyang Village, Gaopo Town in Yongding County of Fujian Province. He was the 22nd generation of descendants of Chen family in Shangyang Yingchuan County, not the descendant of the Chen family in Jiang Tian Nanyang of Chang Le City. Neither was he the seventh-generation grandson of Chen Xiuyuan. The findings of this paper will lay the foundation for the further researches on Chen Xunzhai.

13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(34): 2689-2695, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921018

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects and potential mechanisms of Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection on azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sulfate sulphate (DSS) induced colitis-associated cancer (CAC) in mice. Methods: A total of 60 specific pathogen free C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into four groups: normal control group (control group, n=9), H. pylori-infected group (Hp group, n=9), AOM/DSS-treated group (AOM/DSS group,n=21) and AOM/DSS-treated with H.pylori infection group (Hp+AOM/DSS group, n=21). Mice were sacrificed on day19, 45 or 85 after AOM/DSS challenge. Histopathological changes in colonic tissues were determined by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Flow cytometry analysis was performed to determine T helper cells 17 (Th17) and regulatory T cells (Treg) in colonic lamina propria. The expression levels of Th17-and Treg-associated cytokines and transcription factors [interleukin (IL)-10, IL-17A, retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) and forkhead box P3 (Foxp3)] were determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: There were no histopathological changes in colonic tissues of mice in control group and Hp group. H.pylori colonization reduced the histopathological scores at the stages of colitis (day 19) and dysplasia (day 45), and also decreased tumor load (day 85) in mice treated with AOM/DSS (all P<0.05). Compared with AOM/DSS group, the percentages of CD3(+)CD4(+)IL-17A(+)Th17 and CD3(+)CD4(+)IL-17A(+)Foxp3(+)Treg cells (1.88±0.17 vs 2.07±0.89, 1.06±0.13 vs 1.89±0.23) and the expression levels of RORγt and IL-17A (1.08±0.59 vs 2.35±1.35, 2.96±0.92 vs 7.78±4.57) were decreased in colonic tissues of Hp+AOM/DSS group (all P<0.05). The percentages of CD3(+)CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+)Treg and CD3(+)CD4(+)IL-10(+)Foxp3(+)Treg cells (20.60±3.39 vs 15.63±2.71, 2.94±0.52 vs 2.14±0.47) and the expression levels of Foxp3 and IL-10 [17.59(13.77,24.87) vs 6.27(4.41,13.36), 3.52(1.59,5.99) vs 1.17(1.15,2.75)] in colonic tissues were higher (all P<0.05) in mice of Hp+AOM/DSS group compared with AOM/DSS group on day 85. Conclusion: H.pylori infection slows the progress from inflammation to tumor in a AOM/DSS induced CAC modal, accompanied with the downregulation of Th17 response and upregulation of Treg response.


Assuntos
Colite , Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Neoplasias , Animais , Azoximetano , Sulfato de Dextrana , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
14.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(9): 904-909, 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892555

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, histogenesis, immunophenotypes and molecular genetic features of primary intraosseous Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) for improving diagnostic accuracy and differential diagnosis. Methods: This retrospective study included 14 RDD cases diagnosed from January 2009 to January 2019 at Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, China. The immunohistochemical staining for S-100, cyclin D1, CD1a and CD207 expression was analyzed. The BRAF V600E and KRAS mutation analyses were performed using the Scorpions amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) fluorescence quantitative PCR. Results: There were 6 female and 8 male patients, aged from 2 to 64 years (mean 31.4 years). All of the 14 cases occurred in the bone without lymph node disease, while one patient developed additional lesions within vertebra and nasal cavity. Radiographically, the lesions were lytic with sclerotic margins. Histologically, the lesions percolated through the medullary cavity in an infiltrative fashion and alternating hyper- and hypo-cellular regions of histiocytic clusters (seen as alternating dark and light zones at low magnification). Large histiocytes also showed emperipolesis. Some cases had areas of fibrosis and dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates. There were vasculitis and an increased number of plasma cells in the cases involving multiple sites. One case showed concurrence of RDD and Langerhans cell histiocytosis(LCH) with inconspicuous increase of Langerhans histiocytes. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the large histiocytes were positive for S-100, CD68 and CD163 in all cases. The nuclear immunoreactivity for cyclin D1 was observed in 13 of the 14 cases. S-100, CD1a and CD207 were positive in the case with concurrence of RDD and LCH. ARMS-PCR results showed that BRAF V600E mutation was observed in the cases with concurrence of RDD and LCH, while there were no KRAS mutations (7/7). Follow-up information was available for 12 patients and ranged from 9 to 49 months. Three of the 12 patients experienced recurrences after the first surgery. Conclusions: Primary intraosseous RDD is rare, and its concurrence with LCH is a very rare phenomenon. Its clinical symptoms, imaging, and pathological manifestations need to be distinguished from other bone lesions. The molecular detection of BRAF V600E and the nuclear expression of cyclin D1 mutations can be used for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of RDD.


Assuntos
Histiocitose Sinusal , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , Histiócitos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteínas S100 , Adulto Jovem
15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(8): 1199-1203, 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867424

RESUMO

When wars, major disasters, or epidemics of the infectious diseases occur, existing medical facilities are usually unable to implement timely and effective treatment for patients, or the reception capacity is difficult to meet the surge in demand for health care. The makeshift emergency hospitals are built for patient reception, treatment and even isolation for infectious disease control. The makeshift hospitals have developed and improved in modern times, including mobile field hospitals, field tent hospitals and navy hospital ships equipped with advanced equipment and commonly used for military purposes, or temporary hospitals built in large public buildings and newly built hospitals in support of disaster relief and humanitarian operation. Makeshift hospitals have played an important role in response to many disasters and epidemics globally. This paper briefly summarizes the history, types, and applications of makeshift hospitals in disasters and epidemic responses.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Desastres , Epidemias/prevenção & controle , Humanos
16.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(8): 1280-1285, 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867436

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the associations between perceived built environment attributes and adults' leisure-time physical activity in four cities of China. Methods: Multistage cluster random sampling method was used to select adults aged 25 to 64 in Hangzhou, Suzhou, Chengdu, and Qingdao. Data were collected from June 2017 to July 2018. The perception of the urban built environment was assessed by the neighborhood environment walkability scale-abbreviated (NEWS-A), and the physical activity was assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Generalized linear mixed models were used to explore the relationship between the perceived built environment and leisure-time physical activities. Results: A total of 3 789 participants were included in the analysis. After adjusting for potential confounders, better access to public services (OR=1.34, 95%CI: 1.02-1.75) and higher aesthetic quality (OR=1.37, 95%CI: 1.09-1.73) were positively associated with the possibility of engaging in leisure-time physical activity in the past week. Similarly, these two attributes were positively associated with leisure-time walking. Higher scores on the perception of street connectivity were positively associated with leisure-time walking [exp(ß)=1.09, 95%CI: 1.00-1.19]. Higher residential density [exp(ß)=1.000 4, 95%CI:1.000 0-1.000 8], better access to physical activity destinations[exp(ß)=1.09, 95%CI: 1.00-1.19], and better aesthetics [exp(ß)=1.11, 95%CI:1.00-1.22] were associated with higher leisure-time physical activity. Similarly, these three attributes were positively associated with the possibility of meeting the WHO recommendations. Conclusion: Changing some urban built environment attributes may increase leisure-time physical activity.


Assuntos
Ambiente Construído/estatística & dados numéricos , Exercício Físico , Atividades de Lazer , Adulto , China , Cidades , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(8): 1324-1327, 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867444

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the predictive ability of HIV infection risk assessment tool for men who have sex with men (MSM). Sentinel surveillance data of MSM in Taizhou prefecture of Zhejiang province was used. Methods: MSM involved in AIDS sentinel surveillance program in Taizhou from 2013 to 2017 were included in the study and items listed in the HIV infection risk assessment tool for MSM was revised. Related data on questions and options involved in sentinel surveillance was collected and individual risk scores were calculated. We determined the predictive ability of this tool by comprehensive analyzing the HIV infection status and individual risk scores. Results: A total of 1 944 MSM were included in the study, with an average age of (35.04±13.28)years old. Most of them were recruited from the venues (55.7%) and 48.2% were never married. Among these MSM, HIV infection rate was 12.6%(245/1 944) with the median of risk score as 23.99, versus 20.36 from the HIV negative ones. Significant differences appeared on the risk scores between the target populations that with different HIV status (Mann-Whitney test, P=0.007). According to the principle of decision tree, MSM were divided into two groups according to risk scores: ≤18.66 and >18.66. It appeared that the risk scores were in parallel with the rates of HIV infection (χ(2)=13.102, P<0.001). Results from the multivariate analysis showed that MSM with higher risk score were more likely to be infected with HIV (>18.66 vs. ≤18.66: aOR=1.72, 95%CI: 1.27-2.32, P<0.001). Area under the ROC curve (AUC) for HIV infection was 0.553 (95%CI: 0.516-0.590, P=0.007). At the point of risk score 19.01, Youden's index appeared the maximum, with sensitivity as 0.69 and specificity as 0.43, of this tool. Conclusions: The HIV infection risk assessment tool for MSM developed based on Delphi method can predict the risk of HIV infection in MSM to some extent. MSM with higher risk score seemed likely to be infected with HIV. Items of this tool need to be adjusted for the verification of the tool through cohort studies in the near future.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Vigilância de Evento Sentinela , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Técnica Delfos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
18.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(16): 8384-8393, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894545

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for more than 80% of lung cancer. CircRNA is a new type of non-coding RNA. CircRNA was found to be deeply involved in the regulation of NSCLC cells. However, the principle of CircRNA regulating NSCLC cells needs to be further explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The relative mRNA expression levels of CircRNA_103993, miR-1271 and ERG were detected by quantificational real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in NSCLC cells and human bronchial epithelial cell line HBE. Cell proliferation was detected by the Cell Counting Kit (CCK8) when NSCLC cells were transfected with si-CircRNA_103993, si-NC, miR-1271 mimics, miR-NC, LV-ERG, respectively. The apoptotic rate of NSCLC cells was measured by apoptotic assay and flow Cytometry. The relative mRNA and protein expression levels of PCNA and caspase-3 were detected by Western blot and qRT-PCR. RESULTS: CircRNA_103993 and ERG were significantly up-regulated while miR-1271 was significantly down-regulated in NSCLC cells. Knockdown of CircRNA_103993 and high expression of miR-1271 significantly inhibited NSCLC cell proliferation and promoted apoptosis. The double luciferin report showed that CircRNA_103993 served as a sponge of miR-1271 and miR-1271 could directly target ERG in NSCLC cells. More importantly, low expression of CircRNA_103993 increased the expression level of miR-1271, and high expression of miR-1271 decreased the expression level of ERG. Further experiments showed that miR-1271 inhibitors reversed the effect of si-CircRNA_103993 on proliferation and apoptosis of NSCLC cells. However, miR-1271 mimics significantly promoted the effects of si-CircRNA_103993 on the proliferation and apoptosis. Moreover, LV-ERG reversed the effect of miR-1271 mimics on proliferation and apoptosis of NSCLC cells. However, si-ERG significantly promoted the effects of miR-1271 mimics on the proliferation and apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: CircRNA_103993 was highly expressed in NSCLC cells. CircRNA_103993 regulated proliferation and apoptosis of NSCLC cells by acting as a sponge of miR-1271. The CircRNA_103993 /miR-1271/ ERG axis had an important effect on the proliferation and apoptosis of NSCLC cells. Therefore, CircRNA_103993 may be a target for treating lung cancer.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962936

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of sugammadex for fast-track surgery in children undergoing cardiac surgery. DESIGN: This was a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 60 children undergoing cardiac surgery. INTERVENTIONS: The children in group S received sugammadex, 4 mg/kg, for reversal of neuromuscular block, and the children in group N received neostigmine, 30 µg/kg, and atropine, 15 µg/kg. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The recovery time to a train-of-four of 0.9 and extubation time were significantly shorter in the group S than in group N (3.4 ± 1.2 min v 76.2 ± 20.5 min and 31.0 ± 6.4 min v 125.2 ± 21.6 min, respectively; p < 0.01). The heart rate after drug administration was higher in group S than in group N (102.7 ± 9.4 beats/min v 96.9 ± 8.5 beats/min; p = 0.03), whereas the mean arterial pressure after drug administration was similar in both groups. The length of hospital stay was shorter in group S (5.8 ± 1.0 v 6.5 ± 0.9 days; p = 0.03), and the hospitalization expenses were decreased in group S compared with that of group N ($1,036 ± $114 v $1,286 ± $187; p < 0.01). The incidence of postoperative atelectasis was less in group S than in group N (0 v 20%; p = 0.024). CONCLUSION: Sugammadex can shorten the extubation time and reduce the incidence of postoperative atelectasis, with fewer adverse events, in children undergoing cardiac surgery. It may be beneficial to use sugammadex for fast-track surgery in children undergoing cardiac surgery.

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