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1.
Hepatol Int ; 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33821401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microvascular invasion (MVI) is a risk factor for postoperative survival outcomes for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after liver resection (LR). This study aims to investigate the actual long-term survival and its associated prognostic factors after LR for HCC patients with MVI. METHODS: This study was conducted on HCC patients with MVI who underwent LR from January 2009 to December 2012 at five major hospitals in China. The patients were divided into the 'long-term survivor group' and the 'short-term survivor group'. The clinicopathologic characteristics, perioperative data and survival outcomes were compared between these two groups. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed to identify predictive factors associated with long-term survival outcomes. RESULTS: The study included 1517 patients with an actual 5-year survival rate of 33.3%. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that HBV DNA > 104 IU/mL, alanine aminotransferase > 44 U/L, alpha-fetoprotein > 400 ng/ml, anatomical hepatectomy, varices, intraoperative blood loss > 400 ml, tumor diameter > 5 cm, tumor number, satellite nodules, tumor encapsulation, wide resection margin and adjuvant transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) were independent prognostic factors associated with actual long-term survival. CONCLUSIONS: One-third of HCC patients with MVI reached the long-term survival milestone of 5 years after resection. Anatomical hepatectomy, controlling intraoperative blood loss, a wide resection margin, and postoperative adjuvant TACE should be considered for patients to achieve better long-term survival outcomes.

2.
Biosci Rep ; 41(4)2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835138

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to identify risk factors for overall survival in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients and establish a scoring system to select patients who would benefit from hepatic resection. METHODS: Survival curves were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. The prognostic scoring system was developed from training cohort using a Cox-regression model and validated in a external validation cohort Results: There were 401 patients in the training cohort, 163 patients in the external validation cohorts. The training cohort median survival in all patients was 12 ± 1.07 months, rate of overall survival was 49.6% at 1 year, 25.0% at 3 years, and 18.0% at 5 years. A prognostic scoring system was established based on age, body mass index, alkaline phosphatase, tumor number and tumor capsule. Patients were classified as low- risk group(≤3.5) or high-risk group(>3.5). High-risk patients had a median survival of 9 months, compared with 23 months in low-risk patients. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of the prognostic scoring system was 0.747 (0.694-0.801), which is significantly better than AFP, Child-Pugh and ALBI. The AUC of validation cohorts was 0.716 (0.63-0.803). CONCLUSION: A prognostic scoring system for hepatic resection in advanced HCC patients has been developed based entirely on preoperative variables. Patients classified as low risk using this system may experience better prognosis after hepatic resection.

3.
Radiat Oncol ; 16(1): 79, 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33882972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal dose and fractionation scheme of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear due to different tolerated liver volumes and degrees of cirrhosis. In this study, we aimed to verify the dose-survival relationship to optimize dose selection for treatment of HCC. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study included 602 patients with HCC, treated with SBRT between January 2011 and March 2017. The SBRT dosage was classified into high dose, moderate dose, and low dose levels: SaRT (BED10 ≥ 100 Gy), SbRT (EQD2 > 74 Gy to BED10 < 100 Gy), and ScRT (EQD2 < 74 Gy). Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), local control (LC), and intrahepatic control (IC) were evaluated in univariable and multivariable analyses. RESULTS: The median tumor size was 5.6 cm (interquartile range [IQR] 1.1-21.0 cm). The median follow-up time was 50.0 months (IQR 6-100 months). High radiotherapy dose correlated with better outcomes. After classifying into the SaRT, SbRT, and ScRT groups, three notably different curves were obtained for long-term post-SBRT survival and intrahepatic control. On multivariate analysis, higher radiation dose was associated with improved OS, PFS, and intrahepatic control. CONCLUSIONS: If tolerated by normal tissue, we recommend SaRT (BED10 ≥ 100 Gy) as a first-line ablative dose or SbRT (EQD2 ≥ 74 Gy) as a second-line radical dose. Otherwise, ScRT (EQD2 < 74 Gy) is recommended as palliative irradiation.

4.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 283, 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33726693

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The accurate prediction of post-hepatectomy early recurrence (PHER) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is vital in determining postoperative adjuvant treatment and monitoring. This study aimed to develop and validate an artificial neural network (ANN) model to predict PHER in HCC patients without macroscopic vascular invasion. METHODS: Nine hundred and three patients who underwent curative liver resection for HCC participated in this study. They were randomly divided into derivation (n = 679) and validation (n = 224) cohorts. The ANN model was developed in the derivation cohort and subsequently verified in the validation cohort. RESULTS: PHER morbidity in the derivation and validation cohorts was 34.8 and 39.2%, respectively. A multivariable analysis revealed that hepatitis B virus deoxyribonucleic acid load, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase level, α-fetoprotein level, tumor size, tumor differentiation, microvascular invasion, satellite nodules, and blood loss were significantly associated with PHER. These factors were incorporated into an ANN model, which displayed greater discriminatory abilities than a Cox's proportional hazards model, preexisting recurrence models, and commonly used staging systems for predicting PHER. The recurrence-free survival curves were significantly different between patients that had been stratified into two risk groups. CONCLUSION: When compared to other models and staging systems, the ANN model has a significant advantage in predicting PHER for HCC patients without macroscopic vascular invasion.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Redes Neurais de Computação , Nomogramas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Período Pós-Operatório , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
5.
Hepatol Int ; 15(1): 114-126, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33495903

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) and microvascular invasion (MVI) are types of intrahepatic vascular metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and are highly correlated with poor prognosis. However, the underlying biomarkers of PVTT and MVI are unclear. METHODS: We identified a PVTT/MVI-associated gene S100P by cDNA microarray analysis, and assess the potential value of serum S100P measurement in the differential diagnosis of HCC and prediction of MVI status with large retrospective and perspective cohort studies. RESULTS: The mRNA and protein of S100P was increased in HCCs with PVTT or MVI. High S100P immunostaining in tumors was correlated with inferior tumor-free survival. Serum S100P values discriminated patients with HCCs from those with benign liver tumors, and it showed predictive potential of MVI status in both retrospective and perspective cohorts. S100P may regulate HCC tumorigenicity and invasive ability; S100P also was associated with up-regulation of CD44, which may mediate HCC cell adhesion to form PVTT/MVI. CONCLUSIONS: Serum S100P may be a novel differential diagnostic marker for HCC and a potential predictor of MVI status pre-surgery for HCC patients. S100P overexpression in HCC is highly correlated with the formation of PVTT and MVI, which may make S100P as a potential therapeutic target for HCC metastasis.

8.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 1036, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To develop a nomogram for predicting the International Study Group of Liver Surgery (ISGLS) grade B/C posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. METHODS: Patients initially treated with hepatectomy were included. Univariate regression analysis and stochastic forest algorithm were applied to extract the core indicators and reduce redundancy bias. The nomogram was then constructed by using multivariate logistic regression, and validated in internal and external cohorts, and a prospective clinical application. RESULTS: There were 900, 300 and 387 participants in training, internal and external validation cohorts, with the morbidity of grade B/C PHLF were 13.5, 11.0 and 20.2%, respectively. The nomogram was generated by integrating preoperative total bilirubin, platelet count, prealbumin, aspartate aminotransferase, prothrombin time and standard future liver remnant volume, then achieved good prediction performance in training (AUC = 0.868, 95%CI = 0.836-0.900), internal validation (AUC = 0.868, 95%CI = 0.811-0.926) and external validation cohorts (AUC = 0.820, 95%CI = 0.756-0.861), with well-fitted calibration curves. Negative predictive values were significantly higher than positive predictive values in training cohort (97.6% vs. 33.0%), internal validation cohort (97.4% vs. 25.9%) and external validation cohort (94.3% vs. 41.1%), respectively. Patients who had a nomogram score < 169 or ≧169 were considered to have low or high risk of grade B/C PHLF. Prospective application of the nomogram accurately predicted grade B/C PHLF in clinical practise. CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram has a good performance in predicting ISGLS grade B/C PHLF in HBV-related HCC patients and determining appropriate candidates for hepatectomy.

9.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 8(3): 285-291, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083251

RESUMO

Background and Aims: This study was designed to analyze the effects of age and clinicopathological characteristics on prognosis of Chinese patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: The clinical data of 2032 HCC patients who were first diagnosed with HCC and underwent curative hepatectomy in our hospital between January 2006 and January 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Younger HCC patients (age <40 years, n=465) had a significantly higher hepatitis B infection rate, larger tumors, higher alpha-fetoprotein levels, higher preoperative liver function, and more frequent vascular invasions than older patients. Most younger patients were suitable for anatomical hepatectomy, and their tumors were found to be at a highly advanced stage. The recurrence-free survival and overall survival rates of younger HCC patients were significantly worse than those of older patients but this difference disappeared after propensity score matching. Multivariate analysis of pre-matched samples showed that age ≤40 years was one of the independent risk factors associated with poor overall survival. Conclusions: Younger patients showed different clinicopathological characteristics than older patients, such as higher rates of hepatitis B infection and advanced tumors. The recurrence-free survival and overall survival rates of younger HCC patients after hepatectomy may be similar to those of older patients.

10.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087333

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We assessed the efficacy and safety of camrelizumab (an anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody) plus apatinib (a vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGFR]-2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor) in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This non-randomized, open-label, multicenter, phase 2 study enrolled patients with advanced HCC who were treatment-naive or refractory/intolerant to first-line targeted therapy. Patients received intravenous camrelizumab 200 mg (for bodyweight ≥50 kg) or 3 mg/kg (for bodyweight <50 kg) every 2 weeks plus oral apatinib 250 mg daily. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR) assessed by an independent review committee (IRC) per RECIST v1.1. RESULTS: Seventy patients in the first-line setting and 120 patients in the second-line setting were enrolled. As of January 10, 2020, the ORR was 34.3% (24/70, 95% CI 23.3-46.6) in the first-line and 22.5% (27/120, 95% CI 15.4-31.0) in the second-line cohort per IRC. Median progression-free survival in both cohorts was 5.7 months (95% CI 5.4-7.4) and 5.5 months (95% CI 3.7-5.6), respectively. The 12-month survival rate was 74.7% (95% CI 62.5-83.5) and 68.2% (95% CI 59.0-75.7), respectively. Grade ≥3 treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) were reported in 147 (77.4%) of 190 patients, with the most common being hypertension (34.2%). Serious TRAEs occurred in 55 (28.9%) patients. Two (1.1%) treatment-related deaths occurred. CONCLUSION: Camrelizumab combined with apatinib showed promising efficacy and manageable safety in patients with advanced HCC in both the first-line and second-line setting. It might represent a novel treatment option for these patients.

11.
Front Oncol ; 10: 1205, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32850352

RESUMO

Background: Macroscopic vascular invasion (MVI) is a terminal manifestation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and carries an extremely poor prognosis. In Chinese and Korean HCC guidelines, transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), or/and radiotherapy (RT) is adopted for treatment of MVI. In the current study, we aimed to compare the long-term outcome of TACE + RT to that of RT alone in patients with local advanced HCC with MVI. Methods: In this retrospective study, 148 treatment-naive patients of HCC with MVI were enrolled. Of the patients enrolled, 49 received TACE + RT treatment, whereas 99 patients received RT alone as a monotherapy. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and intrahepatic control were evaluated using univariable and propensity score-matched analyses. Results: During follow-up, 126 patients (85.1%) died. The median follow-up time was 55.0 months in the RT group and 57.0 months in the TACE + RT group. The TACE + RT group showed better OS and PFS than the RT group, but intrahepatic control was comparable in these two groups. Of 41 cases well-pairs after propensity score matching, the associations between TACE + RT and better OS and PFS remained (15.0 vs. 8.0 months, and 8.0 vs. 4.0 months, all P < 0.05). The 1-, 2-, 3-, and 5-years OS rates in the TACE + RT group were 56.1, 28.6, 20.8, and 15.7 vs. 31.5%, 13.1%, 9.8%, and 6.7% in the RT group, respectively (P = 0.017). The 6-, 12-, and 24-months rates in the TACE + RT group were 51.2, 39.0, and 23.1% vs. 36.6%, 13.9%, and 11.1% in the RT group, respectively (P = 0.04). Two patients (4.1%) experienced radiation-induced liver disease (RILD), and one (2.0%) experienced RT-related gastrointestinal (GI) bleed in the TACE + RT groups. Nine patients (9.1%) experienced RILD, and two (2.0%) experienced RT-related GI bleed in the RT groups. Conclusion: Transarterial chemoembolization + RT had well-complementarity with no more complications than RT alone, providing a better PFS and OS compared with RT-alone treatment for HCC with MVI.

12.
Surgery ; 168(4): 643-652, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32792098

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Posthepatectomy liver failure is a worrisome complication after major hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma and is the leading cause of postoperative mortality. Recommendations for hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma are based on the risk of severe posthepatectomy liver failure, and accurately predicting posthepatectomy liver failure risk before undertaking major hepatectomy is of great significance. Thus, herein, we aimed to establish and validate an artificial neural network model to predict severe posthepatectomy liver failure in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent hemihepatectomy. METHODS: Three hundred and fifty-three patients who underwent hemihepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma were included. We randomly divided the patients into a development set (n = 265, 75%) and a validation set (n = 88, 25%). Multivariate logistic analysis facilitated identification of independent variables that we incorporated into the artificial neural network model to predict severe posthepatectomy liver failure in the development set and then verified in the validation set. RESULTS: The morbidity of patients with severe posthepatectomy liver failure in the development and validation sets was 24.9% and 23.9%, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that platelet count, prothrombin time, total bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase, and standardized future liver remnant were all significant predictors of severe posthepatectomy liver failure. Incorporating these factors, the artificial neural network model showed satisfactory area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the development set of 0.880 (95% confidence interval, 0.836-0.925) and for the validation set of 0.876 (95% confidence interval, 0.801-0.950) in predicting severe posthepatectomy liver failure and achieved well-fitted calibration ability. The predictive performance of the artificial neural network model for severe posthepatectomy liver failure outperformed the traditional logistic regression model and commonly used scoring systems. Moreover, stratification into 3 risk groups highlighted significant differences between the incidences and grades of posthepatectomy liver failure. CONCLUSION: The artificial neural network model accurately predicted the risk of severe posthepatectomy liver failure in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent hemihepatectomy. Our artificial neural network model might help surgeons identify intermediate and high-risk patients to facilitate earlier interventions.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Falência Hepática/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Redes Neurais de Computação , Medição de Risco/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias
13.
Ther Clin Risk Manag ; 16: 639-649, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764948

RESUMO

Background: Testing for the presence of liver cirrhosis (LC) is one of the most critical diagnostic and prognostic assessments for patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). More non-invasive tools are needed to diagnose LC but the predictive abilities of current models are still inconclusive. This study aimed to develop and validate a novel and non-invasive artificial neural network (ANN) model for diagnosing LC in patients with HBV-related HCC using routine laboratory serological indicators. Methods: A total of 1152 HBV-related HCC patients who underwent hepatectomy were included and randomly divided into the training set (n = 864, 75%) and validation set (n = 288, 25%). The ANN model was constructed from the training set using multivariate Logistic regression analysis and then verified in the validation set. Results: The morbidity of LC in the training and validation sets was 41.2% and 46.8%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that age, platelet count, prothrombin time and total bilirubin were independent risk factors for LC (P < 0.05). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) analyses revealed that the ANN model had higher predictive accuracy than the Logistic model (ANN: 0.757 vs Logistic: 0.721; P < 0.001), and other scoring systems (ANN: 0.757 vs CP: 0.532, MELD: 0.594, ALBI: 0.575, APRI: 0.621, FIB-4: 0.644, AAR: 0.491, and GPR: 0.604; P < 0.05 for all) in diagnosing LC. Similar results were obtained in the validation set. Conclusion: The ANN model has better diagnostic capabilities than other commonly used models and scoring systems in assessing LC risk in patients with HBV-related HCC.

14.
Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 14(8): 749-756, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552297

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of perioperative antiviral therapy on the prognosis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA-negative patients with HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: The clinical data of 140 patients who were positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) but negative for HBV DNA before partial hepatectomy were retrospectively analyzed. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to eliminate the influence of confounding factors on prognosis. Postoperative liver function, HBV reactivation rate, recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared between antiviral and non-antiviral therapy groups. RESULTS: Compared with the non-antiviral therapy group, the antiviral therapy group had a lower rate of HBV reactivation and better postoperative liver function (P < 0.05). The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year survival rates of the antiviral therapy group were better than those of the non-antiviral therapy group before or after PSM (P < 0.05). Prognostic analysis excluding 11 patients with HBV reactivation showed that perioperative antiviral therapy could significantly improve OS (P = 0.004), but had no significant effect on RFS (P = 0.056). Multivariate analyzes showed that antiviral therapy was associated with better OS. CONCLUSION: Perioperative antiviral therapy can significantly reduce the risk of HBV reactivation and improve postoperative liver function, RFS and OS.

15.
Biosci Rep ; 40(6)2020 06 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32478394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Assessing the average survival rate of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after hepatectomy is important for making critical decisions in everyday clinical practice. The present study aims to develop and validate a nomogram for assessing the overall survival probability for such patients. METHODS: The putative prognostic indicators for constructing the nomogram were identified using multivariable Cox regression and model selection based on the Akaike information criterion. The nomogram was subjected to internal and external validation. The nomogram endpoints were death within 1, 3, and 5 years. RESULTS: A consecutive sample of 522 HCC patients who underwent potentially curative hepatectomy was retrospectively analyzed. Age, Barcelona clinic liver cancer (BCLC) stage, tumor size, alanine transaminase, alpha fetal protein, and serum prealbumin were included in the final model. The nomogram's discriminative ability was good in the training set (C-index was 0.74 for 1 year, 0.73 for 3 years, 0.70 for 5 years) and was validated using both an internal bootstrap method (C-index was 0.73 for 1 year, 0.72 for 3 years, 0.69 for 5 years) and an external validating set (C-index was 0.72 for 1 year, 0.72 for 3 years, 0.69 for 5 years). The calibration plots for the endpoints showed optimal agreement between the nomogram's assessment and actual observations. CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram (an Excel-based tool) can be useful for assessing the probability of survival at 1, 3, and 5 years in patients with HCC after hepatectomy.

16.
J Cancer ; 11(11): 3400-3406, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32231746

RESUMO

Background: Dual-phenotype hepatocellular carcinoma (DPHCC) is associated with high rate of post-operative recurrence and low rate of survival, which may reflect the post-operative persistence of cancer stem cells (CSCs). Here we explored the potential correlation between DPHCC and expression of CSCs markers. Methods: In this retrospective study, we included 19 patients with DPHCC and 61 patients with non-DPHCC treated in 2015 by liver resection. Paraffin-embedded tumor tissue specimens were analyzed using immunohistochemistry as well as immunofluorescence double-staining. Rates of recurrence-free survival and overall survival were compared between the two groups using the Kaplan-Meier method, and expression of the CSC markers CD133, CD90, and EpCAM were compared using real-time quantitative PCR and western blotting. Results: Overall survival rates were significantly lower for patients with DPHCC than patients with non-DPHCC at 1 year (78.9% vs 93.4%), 2 years (52.6% vs 72.1%), and 3 years (42.1% vs 67.2%) (P = 0.019). Multivariate Cox proportional hazard modeling identified CK19 positivity (P = 0.016) and multiple nodules (P = 0.023) as independent predictors of poor recurrence-free survival. Independent predictors of poor overall survival were CK19 positivity (P = 0.032), Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage C (P = 0.025) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) >37 ng/ml (P = 0.016). Expression of CD133 and EpCAM mRNA and protein were significantly higher in DPHCC tissue than non-DPHCC tissue, while CD90 expression was similar between the groups. Conclusions: These results suggest that DPHCC is associated with significantly lower overall survival than non-DPHCC, and that the poor prognosis among DPHCC patients may be related to the presence of CSCs expressing CD133 and EpCAM.

17.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2020 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32274631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate preoperative assessment of hepatic functional reserve is essential for conducting a safe hepatectomy. In recent years, aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) has been used as a noninvasive model for assessing fibrosis stage, hepatic functional reserve, and prognosis after hepatectomy with a high level of accuracy. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the clinical value of combining APRI with standardized future liver remnant (sFLR) for predicting severe post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Six hundred thirty-seven HCC patients who had undergone hepatectomy were enrolled in this study. The performance of the Child-Pugh (CP) grade, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD), APRI, sFLR, and APRI-sFLR in predicting severe PHLF was assessed using the area under the ROC curve (AUC). RESULTS: Severe PHLF was found to have developed in 101 (15.9%) patients. Multivariate logistic analyses identified that prealbumin, cirrhosis, APRI score, sFLR, and major resection were significantly associated with severe PHLF. The AUC values of the CP, MELD, APRI, and sFLR were 0.626, 0.604, 0.725, and 0.787, respectively, indicating that the APRI and sFLR showed significantly greater discriminatory abilities than CP and MELD (P < 0.05 for all). After APRI was combined with sFLR, the AUC value of APRI-sFLR for severe PHLF was 0.816, which greatly improved the prediction accuracy, compared with APRI or sFLR alone (P < 0.05 for all). Stratified analysis using the status of cirrhosis and extent of resection yielded similar results. Moreover, the incidence and grade of PHLF were significantly different among the three risk groups. CONCLUSION: The combination of APRI and sFLR can be considered to be a predictive factor with increased accuracy for severe PHLF in HCC patients, compared with CP grade, MELD, APRI, or sFLR alone.

18.
Front Oncol ; 10: 347, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32266136

RESUMO

Background and Objective: It is unclear if stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) or transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is better for the treatment of inoperable early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to retrospectively compare the efficacy of SBRT to TACE in patients with inoperable Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC)-A stage HCC. Materials and Methods: In this multi-institutional retrospective study, a total of 326 patients with inoperable BCLC-A stage HCC were enrolled. Totally, 167 patients initially received SBRT and 159 initially received TACE. Overall survival (OS), local control (LC), intrahepatic control (IC), and progression-free survival (PFS) were evaluated in univariable and propensity-score matched analyses. Results: There was a smaller median tumor size in the SBRT group than in the TACE group (3.4 cm vs. 7.2 cm, P < 0.001). After propensity score matching in the selection of 95 patient pairs, SBRT had better LC, IC, and PFS than TACE but showed comparable OS. The accumulative 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates were 85.7, 65.1, and 62.8% in the SBRT group and 83.6, 61.0, and 50.4% in the TACE group, respectively (P = 0.29). The accumulative 1-, 3-, and 5-year PFS were 63.4, 35.9, and 27.5% in the SBRT group and 53.5, 27.4, and 14.2% in the TACE group, respectively (P = 0.049). The accumulative 1-, 3-, and 5-year LC were 86.8, 62.5, and 56.9% in the SBRT group and 69.3, 53.3, and 36.6% in the TACE group, respectively (P = 0.0047). The accumulative 1-, 3-, and 5-year IC were 77.3, 45.9, and 42.4% in the SBRT group and 57.3, 34.1, and 17.7% in the TACE group, respectively (P = 0.003). On multivariate analysis, treatment (SBRT vs. TACE) was a significant covariate associated with local and intrahepatic control (HR = 1.59; 95% CI: 1.03-2.47; P = 0.04; HR = 1.61; 95% CI: 1.13-2.29; P = 0.009). Conclusions: SBRT was an alternative to TACE for inoperable BCLC-A stage HCC with better local and intrahepatic control. Controlled clinical trials are recommended to evaluate the actual effects of this novel regimen adequately.

19.
Hepatol Int ; 14(5): 754-764, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32253678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) offers a chance of cure, although survival is often limited. The actual 3-year survival and its associated prognostic factors have not been reported. METHODS: A nationwide database of HCC patients with PVTT who underwent liver resection with 'curative' intent was analyzed. The clinicopathologic characteristics, the perioperative, and survival outcomes for the actual long-term survivors were compared with the non-long-term survivors (patients who died within 3 years of surgery). Univariable and multivariable regression analyses were performed to identify predictive factors associated with long-term survival outcomes. RESULTS: The study included 1590 patients with an actuarial 3-year survival of 16.6%, while the actual 3-year survival rate was 11.7%. There were 171 patients who survived for at least 3 years after surgery and 1290 who died within 3 years of surgery. Multivariable regression analysis revealed that total bilirubin > 17.1 µmol/l, AFP > 400 ng/ml, types of hepatectomy, extent of PVTT, intraoperative blood loss > 400 ml, tumor diameter > 5 cm, tumor encapsulation, R0 resection, liver cirrhosis, adjuvant TACE, postoperative early recurrence (< 1 year), and recurrence treatments were independent prognostic factors associated with actual long-term survival. CONCLUSION: One in nine HCC patients with PVTT reached the long-term survival milestone of 3 years after resection. Major hepatectomy, controlling intraoperative blood loss, R0 resection, adjuvant TACE, and 'curative' treatment for initial recurrence should be considered for patients to achieve better long-term survival outcomes.

20.
Curr Med Sci ; 40(2): 295-300, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32232652

RESUMO

The outbreak of corona virus disease 2019 (Covid-19) imposes a major challenge in managing patients undergoing surgical operation. In this study, we analyzed clinical and transmission features of 25 cases of Covid-19 from a single thoracic department, including 13 patients and 12 health care staff. There were 13 males and 12 females. The median age of the patients was 61 (range: 51 to 69) years. The median age of the health care staff was 35 (range: 22 to 51) years. By the end of follow-up date (Mar. 3, 2020), there were 16 non-severe cases (64%) and 9 severe cases (36%), 5 cases were dead (20%). Nineteen (76%) of the infected cases were confirmed by SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test, the rest were clinically diagnosed as suspected Covid-19 cases, and 19 (76%) of the infected cases had positive exposure history. We found that COPD was significantly associated with severity and death (P=0.040, and P=0.038, respectively), and chest operation was significantly associated with death for Covid-19 patients (P=0.039). A potential "super spreader" may be the source of the transmission before the implementation of quarantine and comprehensive protection. It was concluded that Covid-19 is associated with poor prognosis for patients undergoing thoracic operation, especially for those with COPD. Implementation of comprehensive protective measures is important to control nosocomial infection.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Torácicos/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
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