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1.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 641, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481466

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke can induce cardiac dysfunction in the absence of primary cardiac disease; however, the mechanisms underlying the interaction between the neurological deficits and the heart are poorly understood. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of stroke on cardiac function and to identify the transcriptome characteristics of the heart. RESULTS: Stroke significantly decreased heart weight/tibia length ratio and cardiomyocyte cross-sectional areas and increased atrogin-1 and the E3 ubiquitin ligase MuRF-1, indicating myocardial atrophy in MCAO-induced mouse hearts. RNA sequencing of mRNA revealed 383 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in MCAO myocardium, of which 221 were downregulated and 162 upregulated. Grouping of DEGs based on biological function and quantitative PCR validation indicated that suppressed immune response and collagen synthesis and altered activity of oxidoreductase, peptidase, and endopeptidase may be involved in MCAO-induced cardiomyopathy. The DEGs were mainly distributed in the membrane or extracellular region of cardiomyocytes and acted as potential mediators of stroke-induced cardiac dysregulation involved in cardiac atrophy. CONCLUSION: Stroke induced a unique transcriptome response in the myocardium and resulted in immediate cardiac atrophy and dysfunction.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Cardiopatias , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Animais , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Cardiopatias/patologia , Camundongos , Atrofia Muscular , Miócitos Cardíacos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia , Transcriptoma
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516372

RESUMO

Compared to many other dense prediction tasks, e.g., semantic segmentation, it is the arbitrary number of instances that has made instance segmentation much more challenging. In order to predict a mask for each instance, mainstream approaches either follow the detect-then-segment strategy (e.g., Mask R-CNN), or predict embedding vectors first then cluster pixels into individual instances. In this paper, we view the task of instance segmentation from a completely new perspective by introducing the notion of instance categories, which assigns categories to each pixel within an instance according to the instances location. With this notion, we propose segmenting objects by locations (SOLO), a simple, direct, and fast framework for instance segmentation with strong performance. We derive a few SOLO variants following the basic principle. Our method directly ma a raw input image to the desired object categories and instance masks, eliminating the need for the grouping post-processing or the bounding box detection. Our approach achieves state-of-the-art results for instance segmentation in terms of both speed and accuracy, while being considerably simpler than the existing methods. We further demonstrate the flexibility and high-quality segmentation of SOLO by extending it to perform one-stage instance-level image matting. Code is available at: https://git.io/AdelaiDet.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520338

RESUMO

A novel rhizobacterium, designated strain NEAU-GH312T, with antibacterial activity against Ralstonia solanacearum was isolated from rhizosphere soil of rice (Heilongjiang Province, PR China) and characterized with a polyphasic approach. Cells of strain NEAU-GH312T were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, motile with peritrichous flagella and rod-shaped. Colonies were light orange, convex and semi-translucent on Reasoner's 2A (R2A) agar after 2 days of incubation at 28 °C. Growth was observed on R2A agar at 10-40 °C, pH 4.0-8.0 and with 0-5 % (w/v) NaCl. The respiratory quinone was ubiquinone Q-8. The major cellular fatty acids of strain NEAU-GH312T were C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c, C16 : 0 and C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c. The main polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and diphosphatidylglycerol. Phylogenetic analyses confirmed the well-supported affiliation of strain NEAU-GH312T within the genus Massilia, close to the type strains of Massilia arvi THG-RS2OT (98.7 %), Massilia norwichensis NS9T (98.7 %) and Massilia kyonggiensis TSA1T (98.6 %). Strain NEAU-GH312T had a genome size of 6.68 Mb and an average DNA G+C content of 66.3 mol%. Based on the genotypic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data obtained in this study, strain NEAU-GH312T could be classified as representative of a novel species of the genus Massilia, for which the name Massilia rhizosphaerae sp. nov. is proposed, with strain NEAU-GH312T (=DSM 109722T=CCTCC AB 2019142T) as the type strain.

4.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 131877, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523463

RESUMO

Criegee intermediates (CIs), formed in the ozonolysis process of unsaturated hydrocarbons, play an important role in the formation of OH radicals, sulfuric acid, and aerosols. In this study, quantum chemical calculations were carried out to investigate the mechanism for the reaction of Criegee intermediates [involving CH2OO, CH3CHOO and (CH3)2COO] with OH radicals at the level of CCSD(T)/jun-cc-pVTZ//M06-2X/6-311 + G(2d,2p). A third component, such as water, ammonia, or amines, was introduced to the reaction of CIs with OH to evaluate their catalytic effect. The results show that the OH addition is the favorable channel among four channels involving cis-H abstraction, trans-H abstraction and O abstraction. The third component has a positively catalytic effect on the trans-H abstraction and O abstraction pathways. Moreover, for the trans-H abstraction of CH3CHOO and (CH3)2COO with OH, ammonia and amine exhibit more effectively catalytic ability than water. Furthermore, Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamic simulation results show that the addition of third component to CIs and hydrogen abstraction from the third component by OH occur simultaneously.

5.
Int J Biol Sci ; 17(13): 3622-3633, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512170

RESUMO

New-onset diabetes mellitus has a rough correlation with pancreatic cancer (PaC), but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the exosomal microRNAs and their potential role in PaC-induced ß-cell dysfunction. The pancreatic ß cells were treated with isolated exosomes from PaC cell lines, SW1990 and BxPC-3, before measuring the glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS), validating that SW1990 and BxPC-3 might disrupt GSIS of both ß cell line MIN6 and primary mouse pancreatic islets. The difference in expression profiles between exosomes and exosome-free medium of PaC cell lines was further defined, revealing that miR-19a secreted by PaC cells might be an important signaling molecule in this process. Furthermore, adenylyl cyclase 1 (Adcy1) and exchange protein directly activated by cAMP 2 (Epac2) were verified as the direct targets of exogenous miR-19a, which was involved in insulin secretion. These results indicated that exosomes might be an important mediator in the pathogenesis of PaC-DM, and miR-19a might be the effector molecule. The findings shed light on the pathogenesis of PaC-DM.

6.
Chemistry ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519381

RESUMO

Wastewater treatment is of great significance to environmental remediation. The exploration of efficient and stable methods for wastewater treatment is still a challenging issue. Herein, a heterojunction material with photocatalysis and adsorption properties has been designed to remove the complex pollutants from wastewater. The heterojunction material (ZnO/TiO2-PW12, PW12= [PW12O40]3-) was synthesized by calcining the ZnTi-layered double hydroxide (ZnTi-LDH) intercalated with the Keggin-type polyoxometalate H3PW12O40. In the construction of ZnO/TiO2-PW12, it was found that the polyanionic PW12 remained unchanged in the process of forming the proposed heterojunction. The photochemical properties verifies that heterojunction synergistic with PW12 facilitated the separation of photoproduced electron-hole pairs and thus suppressed the recombination. Therefore, ZnO/TiO2-PW12 exhibits excellent photocatalytic properties, and the efficiency of Cr(VI) photoreduction reached more than 90% in the first 3 min. Furthermore, the electrostatic force between the PW12 and cationic dyes makes ZnO/TiO2-PW12 have an outstanding adsorption performance for cationic dyes such as rhodamine B, crystal violet and methyl blue. Such the heterojunction material combined with polyoxometalate puts forwards new insights for the design of functional materials for water treatment with low cost and high efficiency.

7.
Curr Med Sci ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510328

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Various studies have suggested that metabolic genes play a significant role in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). The current study aimed to identify a metabolic signature related biomarker to predict the prognosis of patients with PTC. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive analysis on the data obtained from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The correlation between survival result and metabolic genes was evaluated based on the univariate Cox analyses, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and multivariate Cox analyses. The performance of a 7-gene signature was assessed according to Kaplan-Meier and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was adopted to unearth clinical factors related to the recurrence free survival (RFS) of patients with PTC. Finally, a prognostic nomogram was developed based on risk score, cancer status and cancer width to improve the prediction for RFS of PTC patients. RESULTS: Seven metabolic genes were used to establish the prognostic model. The ROC curve and C-index exhibited high value in training, testing and the whole TCGA datasets. The established nomogram, incorporating the 7-metabolic gene signature and clinical factors, was able to predict the RFS with high effectiveness. The 7-metabolic gene signature-based nomogram had a good performance to predict the RFS of patients with PTC. CONCLUSION: Our study identified a 7-metabolic gene signature and established a prognostic nomogram, which were useful in predicting the RFS of PTC.

8.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514714

RESUMO

Oridonin, a natural diterpenoid compound extracted from a Chinese herb, has been proved to exert anti-oxidative stress effects in various disease models. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effects of oridonin on oxidative stress-induced endothelial injury in ischaemic stroke. We found oridonin repaired blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity presented with upregulation of tight junction proteins (TJ proteins) expression, inhibited the infiltration of periphery inflammatory cells and neuroinflammation and thereby reduced infarct volume in ischaemic stroke mice. Furthermore, our results showed that oridonin could protect against oxidative stress-induced endothelial injury via promoting nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf-2). The specific mechanism could be the activation of AKT(Ser473)/GSK3ß(Ser9)/Fyn signalling pathway. Our findings revealed the therapeutic effect and mechanism of oridonin in ischaemic stroke, which provided fundamental evidence for developing the extracted compound of Chinese herbal medicine into an innovative drug for ischaemic stroke treatment.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 801: 149631, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467910

RESUMO

Heavy haze pollution has occurred frequently in the past few years in Northeast China during winters, which was distinct from other regions in China because of the particular meteorological conditions. In this study, we analyzed the temporal variation, source appointment, and influencing factors of PM2.5 from December 1, 2018 to February 28, 2019 in Harbin. The results showed obvious differences between the non-haze and haze periods. The source appointment based on a single-particle aerosol mass spectrometer showed that coal combustion, vehicle emissions, biomass burning, and secondary inorganic aerosols (SIAs) were the major contributors of PM2.5. It is interesting that from the non-haze to the haze period, contributions of coal combustion and SIAs increased (from 20.2% to 27.3%, and from 17.3% to 18.9%, respectively) while other sources decreased or increased little. It indicated the primary pollutants from heating supply were the most important contributor to haze formation due to the low temperature. Furthermore, from levels I (0 < PM2.5 ≤ 75 µg m-3) to III (115 < PM2.5 ≤ 150 µg m-3), SIAs increased from 15.3% to 19.4% (increased 4.1%), while coal combustion from 23.7% to 27.1% and increased 3.4%. It implied clearly that SIAs played a comparable role in the early stage of the evolution of haze episode as that of coal combustion. Combining data on prevailing winds and results of potential source contribution function indicated that PM2.5 during the haze period was primarily influenced by the air masses originating from the southwestern areas via regional transport. A positive correlation was observed between relative humidity (RH) and haze pollution when RH ≥ 60%, indicating that hygroscopic growth may be the principal factor promoting secondary formation. CAPSULE: Coal combustion was the most important source in Harbin due to the low temperature, and secondary aerosols promoted the early stage of the haze evolution.

10.
Nanoscale ; 13(33): 14035-14040, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477684

RESUMO

Complementary resistive switching (CRS) is a core requirement in memristor crossbar array construction for neuromorphic computing in view of its capability to avoid the sneak path current. However, previous approaches for implementing CRS are generally based on a complex device structure design and fabrication process or a meticulous current-limiting measurement procedure. In this study, a supercritical fluid-assisted ammoniation (SFA) process is reported to achieve CRS in a single device by endowing the original ordinary switching materials with dual-ion operation. In addition to self-compliant CRS behavior, a multi-bit storage function has also been achieved through the SFA process accompanied by superior retention and reliability. These substantial evolved resistive phenomena are elucidated attentively by our chemical reaction model and physical mechanism model corroborated by the material analysis and current conduction fitting analysis results. The findings in this research present the most efficient way to achieve CRS through only one chemical procedure with significantly improved device performance. Moreover, the supercritical fluid approach envisions tremendous possibilities for further development of materials and electric devices by a low-temperature process, with semiconductor fabrication compatibility and environmental friendliness.

11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3016-3023, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467691

RESUMO

The acupoint application of Euodiae Fructus at Yongquan(KI1) can significantly improve the sleep quality of patients with insomnia with berberine as the main effective component for the efficacy. Nineteen active compounds and 203 drug targets were screened out from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP). After comparison with GeneCards and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM), 24 common genes of diseases and drugs were obtained. STRING 11.0 was used to construct a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network of the overlapping genes, and Matthews correlation coefficient(MCC) was employed to screen the core genes, which were then subjected to enrichment analysis with gene ontology(GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG). The results revealed that the main compounds of Euodiae Fructus, such as berberine and rutaecarpine, participated in the biological processes(such as neurotransmitter receptor activity) by regulating C-reactive protein(CRP), estrogen receptor 1(ESR1), 5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT) receptor, and interleukin-6(IL-6) to exert sedative, anxiolytic, and antidepressant effects. Sixty 4-week-old SPF mice were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a positive drug(diazepam tablets) group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose berberine groups. Medication with corresponding drugs was performed for one week. The results demonstrated that berberine was potent in reducing the activities and standing times of mice, down-regulating the levels of CRP and IL-6 mRNA in the hypothalamus, and up-regulating the expression of 5-HT(P<0.01); however, no significant effect on ESR1 was observed. The network of Euodiae Fructus in treating insomnia was constructed by network pharmacology and verified by tests. The findings indicated that the therapeutic efficacy of Euodiae Fructus in treating insomnia was achieved by participating in multiple biological processes, such as neurotransmitter receptor activity, which provided a scientific basis for its clinical application.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Animais , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Camundongos , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/tratamento farmacológico , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/genética
12.
Eye (Lond) ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480115

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the threshold thickness of the foveal outer nuclear layer (ONL) associated with favourable visual outcome after half-dose photodynamic therapy (PDT) in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). METHODS: The CSC patients were divided into two groups according to whether their best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at 1 year after half-dose PDT was 20/20 or worse than 20/20. Three multivariable logistic regression models were respectively created to determine the prognostic value of the pre-PDT foveal ONL thickness, the pre- and the post-PDT foveal ONL thickness ratio, which was defined as the foveal ONL thickness in the CSC eye to that in the normal contralateral eye, for predicting the outcome of half-dose PDT. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) were compared and the best cut-off values were determined, respectively. RESULTS: Totally, 134 patients were included. The pre-PDT foveal ONL thickness, the pre-PDT and the post-PDT foveal ONL thickness ratios were all independent predictors of the outcome after half-dose PDT in their respective model (all P < 0.05). The AUC of the post-PDT foveal ONL thickness ratio was significantly higher than the AUCs of the other two parameters (0.940 vs 0.840 and 0.882, DeLong test: both P < 0.05), with the cut-off value of 0.81. CONCLUSIONS: The threshold of the foveal ONL thickness ratio is 0.81. Active CSC eyes with a foveal ONL thickness ratio of 0.81 or more could probably retain BCVA of 20/20 after half-dose PDT. They were considered reasonable to wait for spontaneous resolution of sub-retinal fluid.

13.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5229, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471142

RESUMO

The analysis of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra for the comprehensive and unambiguous identification and characterization of peaks is a difficult, but critically important step in all NMR analyses of complex biological molecular systems. Here, we introduce DEEP Picker, a deep neural network (DNN)-based approach for peak picking and spectral deconvolution which semi-automates the analysis of two-dimensional NMR spectra. DEEP Picker includes 8 hidden convolutional layers and was trained on a large number of synthetic spectra of known composition with variable degrees of crowdedness. We show that our method is able to correctly identify overlapping peaks, including ones that are challenging for expert spectroscopists and existing computational methods alike. We demonstrate the utility of DEEP Picker on NMR spectra of folded and intrinsically disordered proteins as well as a complex metabolomics mixture, and show how it provides access to valuable NMR information. DEEP Picker should facilitate the semi-automation and standardization of protocols for better consistency and sharing of results within the scientific community.

14.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 126069, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492895

RESUMO

Concerns that airborne microplastics (MP) may be detrimental to human health are rising. However, research on the effects of MP on the respiratory system are limited. We tested the effect of MP exposure on both normal and asthmatic pulmonary physiology in mice. We show that MP exposure caused pulmonary inflammatory cell infiltration, bronchoalveolar macrophage aggregation, increased TNF-α level in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and increased plasma IgG1 production in normal mice. MP exposure also affected asthma symptoms by increasing mucus production and inflammatory cell infiltration with notable macrophage aggregation. Further, we found co-labeling of macrophage markers with MP incorporating fluorescence, which indicates phagocytosis of the MP by macrophages. A comparative transcriptomic analysis showed that MP exposure altered clusters of genes related to immune response, cellular stress response, and programmed cell death. A bioinformatics analysis further uncovered the molecular mechanism whereby MP stimulated production of tumor necrosis factor and immunoglobulins to activate a group of transmembrane B-cell antigens, leading to the modulation of cellular stress and programmed cell death in the asthma model. In summary, we show that MP exposure had detrimental effects on the respiratory system in both healthy and asthmatic mice, which calls for urgent discourse and action to mitigate environmental microplastic pollutants.

15.
J Control Release ; 338: 537-547, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481924

RESUMO

mRNA-based therapy has been evaluated in preclinical and clinical studies for the treatment of a wide variety of disease such as cancer immunotherapies and infectious disease vaccines. However, it remains challenging to development safe and efficient delivery system. Here, we have designed a novel self-assembled polymeric micelle based on vitamin E succinate modified polyethyleneimine copolymer (PVES) to delivery mRNA. In vitro, PVES could transfect mRNA into multiple cell lines such as HEK-293T, HeLa and Vero and the transfection efficiencies were much higher than PEI 25 k. In addition, the cytotoxicity of PVES was much lower than PEI 25 k. Furthermore, mice administered intramuscularly with PVES/SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine induced potent antibody response and show no obvious toxicity. These results demonstrated the potential of PVES as a safe and effective delivery carrier for mRNA.

16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505516

RESUMO

α-Chiral alkyl primary amines are virtually universal synthetic precursors for all other α-chiral N-containing compounds ubiquitous in biological, pharmaceutical, and material sciences. The enantioselective amination of common alkyl halides with ammonia is appealing for potential rapid access to α-chiral primary amines, but has hitherto remained rare due to the multifaceted difficulties in using ammonia and the underdeveloped C(sp3)-N coupling. Here we demonstrate sulfoximines as excellent ammonia surrogates for enantioconvergent radical C-N coupling with diverse racemic secondary alkyl halides (>60 examples) by copper catalysis under mild thermal conditions. The reaction efficiently provides highly enantioenriched N-alkyl sulfoximines (up to 99% yield and >99% ee) featuring secondary benzyl, propargyl, α-carbonyl alkyl, and α-cyano alkyl stereocenters. In addition, we have converted the masked α-chiral primary amines thus obtained to various synthetic building blocks, ligands, and drugs possessing α-chiral N-functionalities, such as carbamate, carboxylamide, secondary and tertiary amine, and oxazoline, with commonly seen α-substitution patterns. These results shine light on the potential of enantioconvergent radical cross-coupling as a general chiral carbon-heteroatom formation strategy.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499245

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the distribution of stereoacuity and to examine its determinants in school-age children in Tibetan plateau, Southwest China. METHODS: This is the cross-sectional part of a school-based cohort study of 7-year-old children in Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, Southwest China. Children in first year of primary school were invited to undergo a comprehensive examination, including height, weight, visual acuity, cycloplegic autorefraction (1% cyclopentolate), anterior segment, cover and uncover test, and stereoacuity (Titmus Stereo Test). RESULTS: A total of 1833 eligible subjects were included, with a mean age of 6.82 ± 0.46 years. Mean stereoacuity was 1.78 ± 0.21 in log units (median: 60 arcsec). Children with stereoacuity equal to 40 arcsec and stereoacuity worse than 100 arcsec accounted for 29.24% and 8.18% of the cohort, respectively. Tibetan ethnicity (OR = 1.98; 95%CI, 1.30-3.03), astigmatism (OR = 1.65; 95%CI, 1.26-2.17), strabismus (OR = 2.92; 95%CI, 1.38-6.18), and amblyopia (OR = 3.77; 95%CI, 1.14-12.49) were risk factors for normal stereoacuity (= 40 arcsec). Shorter height, younger age, strabismus, and worse BCVA (P < 0.05 for all) were both related to lower stereoacuity in Spearman correlation analysis and associated with lower stereoacuity in multivariate regression analysis. CONCLUSION: Stereoacuity maturation does not appear fully completed in 7-year-old children, while few children present stereoacuity worse than 100 arcsec (8.18%). Lower stereoacuity was associated with younger age, shorter height, strabismus, and lower best-corrected visual acuity.

19.
Bioorg Chem ; 115: 105270, 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467939

RESUMO

A series of 1,2,4-triazole-norfloxacin hybrids was designed, synthesized, and evaluated for in vitro antibacterial activity against common pathogens. All the newly synthesized compounds were characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectrophotometry, proton and carbon nuclear magnetic resonance, and electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry. Representative compounds from each step of the synthesis were further characterized by X-ray crystallography. Many of the compounds synthesized exhibited antibacterial activity superior to that of norfloxacin toward both, gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. The toxicity of the 1,2,4-triazole-norfloxacin hybrids toward bacterial cells was 32-512 times higher than that toward mouse fibroblast cells. Moreover, hemolysis was not observed at concentrations of 64 µg/mL, suggesting good biocompatibility. Molecular docking showed a least binding energy of -9.4 to -9.7 kcal/mol, and all compounds were predicted to show remarkable affinity for the bacterial topoisomerase IV.

20.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(5): 481-484, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288613

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: Sports dance is widely known as a competitive game, but as a leisure activity, there is little research on the efficacy of human health and fitness. Sports dance, as a popular national fitness exercise, has sound health promotion effects. At present, domestic and foreign researches mostly focus on the impact of sports dance on young men and women. Objective: This study will explore the influence of regular physical dance exercises on the body shape, function, and quality of middle-aged and older adults, provide a scientific basis for the role of physical dance in national fitness. Methods: This study recruited 20 healthy middle-aged and elderly members of a leisure sports dance club without professional dance experience for three months of dance training. The first two weeks are pre-experiments five times a week. Each exercise time is 60 minutes. The last ten weeks are formal experiments, two times a week, 90 minutes each time, and no other physical exercises are involved in everyday life. By comparing part of the body shape, physical function, and physical fitness index before and after the experiment, the impact of sports dance on middle-aged and older adults' healthy physical fitness is evaluated. Results: After three months of physical dance exercise with different dance styles, in male, BMI index, body fat percentage, waist circumference, hip circumference, and thigh circumference indicators all decreased, but there was no significant difference. In women, BMI index, body fat percentage (P<0.01), waist circumference (P<0.05), diastolic blood pressure (P<0.01), sitting body forward bending (P<0.05), and standing with one foot and closed eyes all increased. In women, the indexes of grip strength (P<0.01), forward bending in sitting position (P<0.055), and standing with eyes closed on one foot all increased. Conclusions: It is suggested that long-term moderate-intensity aerobic sport dance exercise can improve the body shape of middle-aged and older adults and help increase physical fitness; meanwhile, sports dance can effectively improve the cardiovascular function of middle-aged and elderly subjects. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: A dança esportiva é amplamente conhecida como um jogo competitivo, mas como atividade de lazer, existem poucas pesquisas sobre sua eficácia na saúde e forma física humana. A dança esportiva, como exercício físico popular em âmbito nacional, tem importantes efeitos na promoção da saúde. Atualmente, a pesquisa nacional e estrangeira está focada principalmente no impacto da dança esportiva em jovens de ambos os sexos. Objetivo: Este estudo irá explorar a influência dos exercícios regulares de dança física na forma, função e qualidade do corpo de adultos mais velhos e de meia-idade, e fornecerá uma base científica para o papel da dança física no fitness nacional. Métodos: Este estudo recrutou 20 pessoas saudáveis, de meia-idade e idosos de um clube esportivo sem experiência profissional em dança durante três meses de treinamento. As primeiras duas semanas foram pré-experimentos cinco vezes por semana. Cada tempo de exercício foi de 60 minutos. As últimas dez semanas foram experimentos formais, duas vezes por semana, 90 minutos cada vez, sem nenhum outro exercício físico na vida cotidiana. Ao comparar a forma corporal, a função física e o índice de aptidão física antes e depois do experimento, o impacto da dança esportiva na aptidão física saudável de adultos mais velhos e de meia-idade é avaliado. Resultados: Após três meses de exercício físico de dança com diferentes estilos de dança, nos homens, o índice de IMC, o percentual de gordura corporal, a circunferência da cintura, a circunferência do quadril e a circunferência da coxa diminuíram, mas não houve diferença significativa. Nas mulheres, o índice de IMC, o percentual de gordura corporal (P <0,01), a circunferência da cintura (P <0,05), a pressão arterial diastólica (P <0,01), o corpo sentado inclinado para frente (P <0,05) e com um pés e olhos fechados aumentaram. Nas mulheres, os índices de força de preensão (P <0,01), de inclinação para a frente na posição sentada (P <0,055) e com um pé com os olhos fechados aumentaram. Conclusões: Sugere-se que o exercício de dança esportiva aeróbica de intensidade moderada de longa duração pode melhorar a forma corporal de adultos mais velhos e de meia idade e ajudar a aumentar a aptidão física; enquanto isso, a dança esportiva pode efetivamente melhorar a função cardiovascular de indivíduos de meia-idade e idosos. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La danza deportiva es ampliamente conocida como un juego competitivo, pero como actividad de ocio hay poca investigación sobre la eficacia en la salud y el estado físico humanos. La danza deportiva, como ejercicio físico popular a nivel nacional, tiene importantes efectos en la promoción de la salud. En la actualidad, las investigaciones nacionales y extranjeras se centran principalmente en el impacto de la danza deportiva en hombres y mujeres jóvenes. Objetivo: Este estudio explorará la influencia de los ejercicios regulares de danza física en la forma, función y calidad del cuerpo de los adultos mayores y de mediana edad, y proporcionará una base científica para el papel de la danza física en la aptitud nacional. Métodos: Este estudio reclutó a 20 miembros sanos de mediana edad y ancianos de un club deportivo sin experiencia profesional en danza durante tres meses de entrenamiento. Las dos primeras semanas eran experimentos previos cinco veces por semana. Cada tiempo de ejercicio fue de 60 minutos. Las últimas diez semanas eran experimentos formales, dos veces por semana, 90 minutos cada vez, sin otros ejercicios físicos en la vida cotidiana. Al comparar la forma del cuerpo, la función física y el índice de aptitud física antes y después del experimento, se evalúa el impacto de la danza deportiva en la aptitud física saludable de los adultos mayores y de mediana edad. Resultados: Después de tres meses de ejercicio físico de baile con diferentes estilos de baile, en los hombres, el índice de IMC, el porcentaje de grasa corporal, la circunferencia de la cintura, la circunferencia de la cadera y la circunferencia del muslo disminuyeron, pero no hubo diferencia significativa. En las mujeres, el índice de IMC, el porcentaje de grasa corporal (P <0.01), la circunferencia de la cintura (P <0.05), la presión arterial diastólica (P <0.01), el cuerpo sentado inclinado hacia adelante (P <0.05) y con un pie y ojos cerrados aumentaron. En las mujeres, aumentaron los índices de fuerza de agarre (P <0.01), de inclinación hacia adelante en posición sentada (P <0.055) y con un pie con los ojos cerrados. Conclusiones: Se sugiere que el ejercicio de danza deportiva aeróbica de intensidad moderada a largo plazo puede mejorar la forma del cuerpo de los adultos mayores y de mediana edad y ayudar a aumentar la aptitud física; mientras tanto, la danza deportiva puede mejorar eficazmente la función cardiovascular de sujetos de mediana edad y ancianos. Nivel de evidencia II;Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

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