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1.
Food Chem ; 399: 133991, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36037681

RESUMO

Fish oil develops particular off-odors, mainly fishy odor, from the oxidation of its characteristic fatty acids, docosahexaenoic (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic (EPA). Anchovy oil (AO) was taken as representative of fish oils. This was compared to three vegetable oils with different fatty acid compositions, i.e. camellia, sunflower and linseed oil, and differential volatile compounds were identified by static-headspace gas-chromatography ion-mobility-spectrometry (SHS-GC-IMS) and orthogonal partial-least-squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) during oxidation at 60 °C. Three groups of differential volatile compounds detected at higher concentrations in the AO were screened out and two compounds, identified as 5-methylfurfural and 2-acetylfuran, were characteristic to the AO and not found in the vegetable oils. They were formed from both EPA and DHA, only present in the AO, and their formation mechanisms were proposed. The contents of 5-methylfurfural and 2-acetylfuran increased linearly with the oxidation time and consequently they could be used as oxidative markers of fish oils.


Assuntos
Quimiometria , Óleos de Peixe , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Óleos de Peixe/química , Furaldeído/análogos & derivados , Furanos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Óleos Vegetais
2.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(3): 671-682, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36018193

RESUMO

The functional properties of endogenous Schwann cells (SCs) during nerve repair are dynamic. Optimizing the functional properties of SCs at different stages of nerve repair may have therapeutic benefit in improving the repair of damaged nerves. Previous studies showed that miR-221-3p promotes the proliferation and migration of SCs, and miR-338-3p promotes the myelination of SCs. In this study, we established rat models of sciatic nerve injury by bridging the transected sciatic nerve with a silicone tube. We injected a miR-221 lentiviral vector system together with a doxycycline-inducible Tet-On miR-338 lentiviral vector system into the cavity of nerve conduits of nerve stumps to sequentially regulate the biological function of endogenous SCs at different stages of nerve regeneration. We found that the biological function of SCs was sequentially regulated, the diameter and density of myelinated axons were increased, the expression levels of NF200 and myelin basic protein were increased, and the function of injured peripheral nerve was improved using this system. miRNA Target Prediction Database prediction, Nanopore whole transcriptome sequencing, quantitative PCR, and dual luciferase reporter gene assay results predicted and verified Cdkn1b and Nrp1 as target genes of miR-221-3p and miR-338-3p, respectively, and their regulatory effects on SCs were confirmed in vitro. In conclusion, here we established a new method to enhance nerve regeneration through sequential regulation of biological functions of endogenous SCs, which establishes a new concept and model for the treatment of peripheral nerve injury. The findings from this study will provide direct guiding significance for clinical treatment of sciatic nerve injury.

3.
BMC Plant Biol ; 22(1): 144, 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35337273

RESUMO

Sophora davidii is an important plant resource in the karst region of Southwest China, but S. davidii plant-height mutants are rarely reported. Therefore, we performed phenotypic, anatomic structural, transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses to study the mechanisms responsible for S. davidii plant-height mutants. Phenotypic and anatomical observations showed that compared to the wild type, the dwarf mutant displayed a significant decrease in plant height, while the tall mutant displayed a significant increase in plant height. The dwarf mutant cells were smaller and more densely arranged, while those of the wild type and the tall mutant were larger and loosely arranged. Transcriptomic analysis revealed that differentially expressed genes (DEGs) involved in cell wall biosynthesis, expansion, phytohormone biosynthesis, signal transduction pathways, flavonoid biosynthesis and phenylpropanoid biosynthesis were significantly enriched in the S. davidii plant-height mutants. Metabolomic analysis revealed 57 significantly differential metabolites screened from both the dwarf and tall mutants. A total of 8 significantly different flavonoid compounds were annotated to LIPID MAPS, and three metabolites (chlorogenic acid, kaempferol and scopoletin) were involved in phenylpropanoid biosynthesis and flavonoid biosynthesis. These results shed light on the molecular mechanisms of plant height in S. davidii mutants and provide insight for further molecular breeding programs.


Assuntos
Sophora , Transcriptoma , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Metabolômica , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/metabolismo , Sophora/genética , Sophora/metabolismo
4.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(5): 493-496, Set.-Oct. 2022. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376668

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: The Fifth International Conference on Sports Biochemistry defines sports fatigue as the physiological process of dysfunction at a certain level or inability to maintain predetermined exercise intensity. When left untreated, it can cause adverse effects to the musculoskeletal system. Natural alternatives for controlling sports fatigue exist in Chinese culture, but scientific research is needed to determine the effectiveness of these treatments. Objective: This study aimed to verify the effect of traditional Chinese medicinal baths on athletes' muscle fatigue. Methods: 100 athletes with exercise-induced muscle fatigue were randomly divided into two groups. The control group received ganglioside injection combined with therapeutic exercise protocols, while the experimental group received the medicinal bath based on traditional Chinese medicine. Tonus of adductors, ischiotibials, gastrocnemius, in addition to lower limb motor function, was evaluated. Results: The total effective rate (90.8%) of the observation group was higher than that of the control group (72.3%), and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, adductor, hamstring, and gastrocnemius muscle tension in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). Gross motor function assessment score (GMFM-88), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), 10m walking speed on a 20cm wide walkway (MWS) in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Chinese herbal lavender lotion combined with suspension exercise can effectively improve the body's muscle strength after exercises, accelerate the recovery of muscle strength, and significantly reduce exercise-induced muscle fatigue. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the result.


RESUMO Introdução: A Quinta Conferência Internacional de Bioquímica Esportiva, define a fadiga esportiva como o processo fisiológico de disfunção em um determinado nível ou incapacidade de manter uma intensidade de exercício predeterminada. Quando não tratada, pode causar efeitos adversos ao sistema musculoesquelético. Há alternativas naturais para o controle da fadiga esportiva na cultura chinesa, mas pesquisas científicas são necessárias afim de descobrir a real efetividade desses tratamentos. Objetivo: Verificar o efeito do banho medicinal tradicional da medicina chinesa na fadiga muscular de atletas. Métodos: 100 atletas com fadiga muscular induzida por exercícios foram aleatoriamente divididos em dois grupos. O grupo controle recebeu injeção de gangliosideo combinada com protocolos de exercícios terapêuticos enquanto o grupo experimental recebeu o banho medicinal baseado na medicina tradicional chinesa. Foi avaliado o tônus de adutores, isquiotibiais, gastrocnêmios além da função motora dos membros inferiores. Resultados: A taxa efetiva total (90,8%) do grupo de observação foi superior à do grupo controle (72,3%) e a diferença foi estatisticamente significante (P<0,05). Após o tratamento, a tensão muscular adutores, jarrete e gastrocnêmio no grupo de observação foi menor que o grupo controle (P<0,05). O escore bruto de avaliação da função motora (GMFM-88), escore de escala de balanço de Berg (BBS), velocidade de caminhada de 10m em uma passarela de 20cm de largura (MWS) no grupo de observação foram maiores do que os do grupo controle (P<0,05). Conclusão: A loção de lavanda de ervas chinesas combinada com o exercício de suspensão pode melhorar efetivamente a força muscular do corpo após os exercícios, acelerar a recuperação da força muscular e reduzir significativamente a fadiga muscular induzida pelo exercício. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción: La Quinta Conferencia Internacional de Bioquímica del Deporte, define la fatiga deportiva como el proceso fisiológico de disfunción a un determinado nivel o incapacidad para mantener una intensidad de ejercicio predeterminada. Si no se trata, puede causar efectos adversos en el sistema musculoesquelético. Existen alternativas naturales para el control de la fatiga deportiva en la cultura china, pero se necesita una investigación científica para descubrir la eficacia real de estos tratamientos. Objetivo: Verificar el efecto del baño medicinal tradicional de la medicina china sobre la fatiga muscular de los atletas. Métodos: 100 atletas con fatiga muscular inducida por el ejercicio fueron divididos aleatoriamente en dos grupos. El grupo de control recibió una inyección de gangliósidos combinada con protocolos de ejercicio terapéutico, mientras que el grupo experimental recibió el baño medicinal basado en la medicina tradicional china. Se evaluó el tono de los aductores, los isquiotibiales y los gastrocnemios, además de la función motora de los miembros inferiores. Resultados: La tasa efectiva total (90,8%) del grupo de observación fue superior a la del grupo de control (72,3%) y la diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa (P<0,05). Tras el tratamiento, la tensión de los músculos aductores, jarretes y gastrocnemios en el grupo de observación fue inferior a la del grupo de control (P<0,05). La puntuación de la evaluación de la función motora gruesa (GMFM-88), la puntuación de la Escala de Equilibrio de Berg (BBS) y la velocidad de marcha de 10 m en una pasarela de 20 cm de ancho (MWS) en el grupo de observación fueron mayores que las del grupo de control (P<0,05). Conclusión: La loción de hierbas chinas de lavanda combinada con el ejercicio de suspensión puede mejorar eficazmente la fuerza muscular del cuerpo después de los ejercicios, acelerar la recuperación de la fuerza muscular y reducir significativamente la fatiga muscular inducida por el ejercicio. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

5.
J Diabetes Res ; 2022: 2545476, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090589

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has long been used to treat diabetes mellitus and angina. It has also gained widespread clinical applications in China as a common adjuvant treatment. Although there is high-quality evidence that TCM is effective in regulating glucose and lipid metabolism, the cardiovascular protective effect of TCM in the treatment of diabetes mellitus has not been fully elucidated, especially in patients with both diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease (CHD). We systematically assessed the efficacy and safety of TCM for the adjuvant treatment of patients with CHD and diabetes mellitus and examined the pharmacological effects and potential mechanisms of TCM medication/herbs on diabetes mellitus with CHD. We found that TCM could improve the control effect of conventional treatment on cardiac function, hemorheology, blood glucose, blood lipid, and inflammation, thus reducing the frequency of angina and the incidence of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. These findings indicate that TCM may be used as a complementary approach for patients with diabetes mellitus and CHD. Nevertheless, more rigorously designed randomized controlled trials and long-term evaluations are needed to support these findings.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Diabetes Mellitus , Glicemia , Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Doença das Coronárias/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
6.
Int J Public Health ; 67: 1604979, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090824

RESUMO

Objectives: The study aimed at analyzing the prevalence of five psychological outcomes (depression, anxiety, stress, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and suicidal ideation) among Chinese healthcare workers (HCWs), and measured the total possible negative psychological impact 1 year after the COVID-19 initial outbreak. Methods: A cross-sectional nationwide multi-center study was performed between November 2020 and March 2021 in China. A self-report questionnaire was applied, and three psychological scales were used. Binary logistic regression was performed to analyze the risk factors associated with each psychological outcome. Results: The findings demonstrated that the COVID-19 pandemic had a negative psychological impact on HCWs, which was still evident 1 year after the initial outbreak. Nurses showed higher depression and anxiety than other HCWs. Female gender, passive coping, long working hours, having a chronic disease, and experiencing violence, among other factors, were all risk factors for psychological impairment. Conclusion: Developing and promoting programs to improve mental health among HCWs, and identifying those who might need psychological support is still relevant 1 year after the initial outbreak.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias
7.
Front Oncol ; 12: 848266, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091179

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the ability of potential imaging biomarkers based on 18F-AlF-NOTA-PRGD2 positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-RGD PET/CT) and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) imaging to predict the response to bevacizumab combined with conventional therapy in postoperative newly diagnosed glioblastoma. Methods: Twenty patients with newly diagnosed with glioblastoma after surgery were prospectively enrolled to receive bevacizumab plus conventional concurrent radiotherapy and temozolomide (CCRT). 18F-RGD PET/CT and DCE-MRI were performed at baseline, week 3, and week 10 for each patient. Statistical methods included the analysis of variance (ANOVA), Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard analysis. Results: All patients completed CCRT plus bevacizumab therapy without interruption. The median follow-up time was 33.9 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 28.3-39.5 months). The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was 9.66 months (95% CI, 6.20-13.12 months) and 15.89 months (95% CI, 13.89-17.78), respectively. Treatment was generally well tolerated, and there were no Treatment emergent adverse events (TEAEs) with a toxicity grade equal to or exceeding 3 or that led to termination of treatment or patient death.Over the treatment interval of bevacizumab therapy from week 3 to week 10, patients with a large decrease of SUVmean was associated with a better PFS with a hazard ratio (HR) of 6.562, 95% CI (1.318-32.667), p=0.022. According to Kaplan-Meier analysis, patients with a decrease in the SUVmean of more than 0.115 on 18F-RGD PET/CT had a longer PFS than those with a decrease in the SUVmean of 0.115 or less (12.25 months vs.7.46 months, p=0.009). For OS, only a small decrease of Ktrans was also found to have certain prognostic value (HR=0.986, 95% CI (0.975-0.998), p=0.023). Patients with a decrease in Ktrans larger than 37.03 (min-1) on DCE-MRI had worse OS than those with a decrease in Ktrans of 37.03 (min-1) or less (15.93 months vs. 26.42 months, p=0.044). Conclusion: 18F-RGD PET/CT and DCE-MRI may be valuable in evaluating the response of glioblastoma to treatment with the combination of bevacizumab and CCRT, with a greater decrease in SUVmean predicting better PFS as well as a small decrease in Ktrans predicting improved OS.

8.
Front Physiol ; 13: 979121, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091364

RESUMO

The rumen is an essential digestive and absorption organ of ruminants. During fetal life, lactation, and post-weaning period, goat rumen undergoes drastic morphological and metabolic-functional changes triggered by potential regulated genes and non-coding RNA molecules. As the essential regulatory factors, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have vital functions in various biological activities. However, their roles during rumen development are still poorly explored in ruminants. To explore the genome-wide expression profiles of lncRNAs and mRNAs in the goat rumens, we generated 5,007 lncRNAs and 19,738 mRNAs identified during the fetal and prepubertal stages by the high-throughput RNA sequencing. Notably, 365 lncRNAs and 2,877 mRNAs were considered to be differentially expressed. The weighted gene co-expression network analysis and functional analysis were performed to explore the regulatory roles of those differentially expressed molecules. The cis-and trans-target genes of differently expressed lncRNAs were enriched for pathways related to focal adhesion, cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, alpha-linolenic acid metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and fat digestion and absorption. Gene Ontology and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analyses showed that the differently expressed genes mainly participated in mitotic cytokinesis, desmosome, fatty acid degradation, cell adhesion molecules, and fatty acid metabolism. The prediction of lncRNA-mRNA interaction networks further revealed transcripts potentially involved in rumen development. The present study profiles a global overview of lncRNAs and mRNAs during rumen development. Our findings provide valuable resources for genetic regulation and molecular mechanisms of rumen development in ruminants.

9.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 968124, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091747

RESUMO

Increasing evidence indicates that the pathogenesis of depression is closely linked to impairments in neuronal synaptic plasticity. Honokiol, a biologically active substance extracted from Magnolia Officinalis, has been proven to exert significant antidepressant effects. However, the specific mechanism of action remains unclear. In this study, PC12 cells and chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model rats were used to explore the antidepressant effects and potential mechanisms of honokiol in vitro and in rats. In vitro experiment, a cell viability detection kit was used to screen the concentration and time of honokiol administration. PC12 cells were administered with hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) blocker, 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME), and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) blocker, SU5416, to detect the expression of HIF-1α, VEGF, synaptic protein 1 (SYN 1), and postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD 95) by western blotting. In effect, we investigated whether the synaptic plasticity action of honokiol was dependent on the HIF-1α-VEGF pathway. In vivo, behavioral tests were used to evaluate the reproducibility of the CUMS depression model and depression-like behaviors. Molecular biology techniques were used to examine mRNA and protein expression of the HIF-1α-VEGF signaling pathway and synaptic plasticity-related regulators. Additionally, molecular docking techniques were used to study the interaction between honokiol and target proteins, and predict their binding patterns and affinities. Experimental results showed that honokiol significantly reversed CUMS-induced depression-like behaviors. Mechanically, honokiol exerted a significant antidepressant effect by enhancing synaptic plasticity. At the molecular level, honokiol can activate the HIF-1α-VEGF signaling pathway in vitro and in vivo, as well as promote the protein expression levels of SYN 1 and PSD 95. Taken together, the results do not only provide an experimental basis for honokiol in the clinical treatment of depression but also suggest that the HIF-1α-VEGF pathway may be a potential target for the treatment of depression.

10.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 937581, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091763

RESUMO

In this study, three acidic polysaccharides from different plant parts of Codonopsis pilosula var. Modesta (Nannf.) L. T. Shen were obtained by ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration chromatography, and the yields of these three polysaccharides were different. According to the preliminary experimental results, the antioxidant activities of the polysaccharides from rhizomes and fibrous roots (CLFP-1) were poor, and was thus not studied further. Due to this the structural features of polysaccharides from roots (CLRP-1) and aerial parts (CLSP-1) were the object for this study and were structurally characterized, and their antioxidant activities were evaluated. As revealed by the results, the molecular weight of CLRP-1and CLSP-1 were 15.9 kDa and 26.4 kDa, respectively. The monosaccharide composition of CLRP-1 was Ara, Rha, Fuc, Xyl, Man, Gal, GlcA, GalA in a ratio of 3.8: 8.4: 1.0: 0.8: 2.4: 7.4: 7.5: 2.0: 66.7, and Ara, Rha, Gal, GalA in a ratio of 5.8: 8.9: 8.0: 77.0 in for CLSP-1. The results of structural elucidation indicated that both CLRP-1 and CLSP-1 were pectic polysaccharides, mainly composed of 1, 4-linked galacturonic acid with long homogalacturonan regions. Arabinogalactan type I and arabinogalactan type II were presented as side chains. The antioxidant assay in IPEC-J2 cells showed that both CLRP-1 and CLSP-1 promoted cell viability and antioxidant activity, which significantly increase the level of total antioxidant capacity and the activity of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and decrease the content of malondialdehyde. Moreover, CLRP-1 and CLSP-1 also showed powerful antioxidant abilities in Caenorhabditis elegans and might regulate the nuclear localization of DAF-16 transcription factor, induced antioxidant enzymes activities, and further reduced reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde contents to increase the antioxidant ability of Caenorhabditis elegans. Thus, these finding suggest that CLRP-1 and CLSP-1 could be used as potential antioxidants.

11.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 956880, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092737

RESUMO

Exosomes are nanoscale endocytic vesicles, 30-150 nm in diameter, secreted by most cells. They mainly originate from multivesicular bodies formed by intracellular invagination of lysosomal microparticles, and released into the extracellular matrix after fusion of multivesicular bodies with cell membrane. Studies have shown that exosomes contain a variety of active molecules, such as proteins, lipids and RNAs (such as mRNA, miRNA, lncRNA, circRNA, etc.), which regulate the behavior of recipient cells and serve as circulating biomarkers of diseases, including thrombosis. Therefore, exosome research is important for the diagnosis, treatment, therapeutic monitoring, and prognosis of thrombosis in that it can reveal the counts, surface marker expression, protein, and miRNA cargo involved. Recent studies have shown that exosomes can be used as therapeutic vectors for tissue regeneration and as alternative vectors for drug delivery. In this review, we summarize the physiological and biochemical characteristics, isolation, and identification of exosomes. Moreover, we focus on the role of exosomes in thrombosis, specifically venous thromboembolism, and their potential clinical applications, including as biomarkers and therapeutic vectors for thrombosis.

12.
Chem Sci ; 13(32): 9277-9284, 2022 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093012

RESUMO

Lithium (Li) dendrite growth is a long-standing challenge leading to short cycle life and safety issues in Li metal batteries. Li dendrite growth is kinetically controlled by ion transport, the concentration gradient, and the local electric field. In this study, an internal electric field is generated between the anode and Au-modified separator to eliminate the concentration gradient of Li+. The Li-Au alloy is formed during the first cycle of Li plating/stripping, which causes Li+ deposition on the Au-modified side and lithium anode electrode, reversing the lithium dendrite growth direction. The electrically coupled Li metal electrode and Au-modified film create a uniform electric potential and Li+ concentration distribution, resulting in reduced concentration polarization and stable Li deposition. As a result, the Au-modified separator improves the lifespan of Li‖Li batteries; the Li‖LiFePO4 cells show excellent capacity retention (>97.8% after 350 cycles), and Li‖LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 cells deliver 75.1% capacity retention for more than 300 cycles at 1C rate. This strategy offers an efficient approach for commercial application in advanced metallic Li batteries.

13.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097109

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer (PC) is one of the most malignant tumors and has an abysmal prognosis, with a 5-year survival rate of only 11%. At present, the main clinical dilemmas in PC are the lack of biomarkers and the unsatisfactory therapeutic effects. The treatments for and outcomes of PC have improved, but remain unsatisfactory. Exosomes are nanosized extracellular vesicles, and an increasing number of studies have found that exosomes play an essential role in tumor pathology. In this review, we describe the process of exosome biogenesis, as well as exosome extraction methods and identification strategies, and we then explain in detail the roles and mechanisms of exosomes in invasion, metastasis, chemoresistance and immunosuppression in PC. Finally, we summarize the clinical applications of exosomes. Our observations indicate that exosomes represent a novel direction in the clinical treatment of PC.

14.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 284: 121790, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081190

RESUMO

Recently, there has been an increasing demand for developing a reliable method to assess the quality of liquor in the baijiu industry quickly and accurately. The present study sought to establish a strategy for rapid quantitative analysis of the primary flavor components in Nongxiangxing baijiu. Under the experimental conditions, 7 of the 10 major flavor components in Nongxiangxing baijiu could be quantified effectively, such as ethyl butyrate (R2p = 0.9942), ethyl lactate (R2p = 0.9438), n-butanol (R2p = 0.9048), isobutanol (R2p = 0.9696), acetic acid (R2p = 0.9600), butyric acid (R2p = 0.8448), caproic acid (R2p = 0.9971). This result indicates that FT-IR combined with quantitative chemometric modeling could be a potential approach for rapid quality assessment of Nongxiangxing baijiu. Overall, this study provides a theoretical basis for subsequent related studies on Nongxiangxing baijiu.

15.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reduction in cerebral blood flow (CBF) plays an essential role in the cognitive impairment and dementia in obesity. However, current conclusions regarding CBF changes in patients with obesity are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between obesity and CBF alterations. METHODS: We systematically screened published cross-sectional and longitudinal studies focusing on the differences in CBF between obese and normal-weight individuals. Eighteen studies including 24,866 participants, of which seven articles reported longitudinal results, were evaluated in the present study. RESULTS: The results of the meta-analysis showed that in cross-sectional studies, body mass index (BMI) was negatively associated with CBF (ß= -0.31, 95% confidence interval [CI]: -0.44, -0.19). Moreover, this systematic review demonstrated that obese individuals showed global and regional reductions in the CBF and increased CBF in diverse functional areas of the frontal lobe, including the prefrontal cortex, left frontal superior orbital, right frontal mid-orbital cortex, and left premotor superior frontal gyrus. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that BMI, rather than waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio, is inversely associated with CBF in cross-sectional studies. The CBF of obese individuals showed global and regional reductions, including the frontal lobe, temporal and parietal lobes, cerebellum, hippocampus, and thalamus.

16.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 112: 109220, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays an important role in ischemic brain injury and affects brain recovery and neuroplasticity. Chrysophanol (CHR), has attracted attention for its protective effects through immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the effect of CHR for brain recovery and neuroplasticity is not clear. The current study aimed to investigate the effect of CHR in the chronic phase of stroke in mice, and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were subjected to treatment with Vehicle or CHR immediately through intraperitoneal injection daily for 14 d after distal middle cerebral artery occlusion (dMCAO). Neurological deficits were monitored up to 28 days after stroke. Nissl and Golgi stain, neural plasticity, and microglia-associated inflammatory cytokines were detected. Primary cortical neuron and BV2 microglia cell lines were employed to explore the underlying mechanism in vitro. RESULTS: Compared with Vehicle group, CHR mitigated the histological damage, facilitated the neural plasticity and improved the neurological function up to 4 weeks after stroke. In vitro, CHR promoted the complexity of neurons and the spine density by modulating microglial polarization and reducing the expression of microglia-associated inflammatory cytokines, especially IL-6. In vivo, microglia activation and inflammatory cytokines were significantly increased after dMCAO and downregulated by CHR. Further investigation showed STAT3 is the major downstream effector of IL-6 signaling. CONCLUSIONS: CHR ameliorated microenvironment for neural plasticity and exhibited neuroprotection via arresting microglia toward pro-inflammatory phenotype and downregulation of the expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines, especially of IL-6. IL-6-STAT3 signaling might be CHR's therapeutic target for neuroinflammatory responses after stroke.

17.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1868(12): 166539, 2022 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36100155

RESUMO

Muscone is the main active compound of Moschus. In this paper, the cardioprotective effect of Muscone on acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) rats and its potential mechanisms were investigated. AMI rat models were established to evaluate the protective effect and antioxidative function of Muscone on the hearts. Moreover, Western blot analysis was conducted to quantify the phosphorylated PI3K and AKT levels in PI3K/Akt pathway for further investigating the mechanism of Muscone. Results showed that Muscone could markedly lessen the infarct size and myocardial injury, improve cardiac function, inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis and down-regulate serum reactive oxygen species level as indicated by the decreased MDA, BNP and c-TnI activities and the increased SOD, GSH-px, CAT activities and the expression of Bax protein. In addition, it was revealed that Muscone notably promoted the phosphorylation of PI3K and AKT. These findings denote that Muscone exerts a protective effect in heart via inhibition of oxidative stress and apoptosis, offering new insights into the treatment of CHD and the clinical application of Muscone.

18.
J Hazard Mater ; 439: 129685, 2022 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36104911

RESUMO

Sulfur dioxide (SO2) and its derivatives are known to be hazardous but their common application in food, especially the grape industry, is conditionally allowed. Potential hazards to consumers and the environment could occur upon the control-lost SO2 during grape logistics and storage. Researchers have usually focused on the anti-pathogen role of SO2 whereas limited efforts were conducted on the sulfur (S) absorption, assimilation patterns, and sulfite detoxification. In this study, short-term, room-temperature, and SO2-stored grapes were investigated, whose S flux of various forms was quantified through an estimation model. Accordingly, the additional accumulated S (0.50-0.86%) in pulps from atmospheric SO2 was considered mainly through rachis transport compared to across skin surfaces and the usage arrangement of the absorbed S was included. The first quantitative evidence of induced S assimilation under SO2 was also provided, which challenged the previous knowledge. In addition, sulfite oxidase and reductase (SiO and SiR) played major roles in sulfite detoxification, being effectively stimulated at multiple levels. The induced S metabolism associated with enhanced reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging capacity and alleviated senescence contributed to quality maintenance. Overall, these findings provide novel insights and are valuable supports for developing SO2-controlling strategies to avoid potential hazards.


Assuntos
Sulfito Oxidase , Vitis , Sulfito Oxidase/metabolismo , Sulfitos/metabolismo , Enxofre/metabolismo , Dióxido de Enxofre
19.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(9): e2231790, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107425

RESUMO

Importance: Relatively little is known about the persistence of symptoms in patients with COVID-19 for more than 1 year after their acute illness. Objective: To assess the health outcomes among hospitalized COVID-19 survivors over 2 years and to identify factors associated with increased risk of persistent symptoms. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a longitudinal cohort study of patients who survived COVID-19 at 2 COVID-19-designated hospitals in Wuhan, China, from February 12 to April 10, 2020. All patients were interviewed via telephone at 1 year and 2 years after discharge. The 2-year follow-up study was conducted from March 1 to April 6, 2022. Statistical analysis was conducted from April 20 to May 5, 2022. The severity of disease was defined by World Health Organization guideline for COVID-19. Exposures: COVID-19. Main Outcomes and Measures: The main outcome was symptom changes over 2 years after hospital discharge. All patients completed a symptom questionnaire for evaluation of symptoms, along with a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease assessment test (CAT) at 1-year and 2-year follow-up visits. Results: Of 3988 COVID-19 survivors, a total of 1864 patients (median [IQR] age, 58.5 [49.0-68.0] years; 926 male patients [49.7%]) were available for both 1-year and 2-year follow-up visits. The median (IQR) time from discharge to follow-up at 2 years was 730 (719-743) days. At 2 years after hospital discharge, 370 patients (19.8%) still had symptoms, including 224 (12.0%) with persisting symptoms and 146 (7.8%) with new-onset or worsening of symptoms. The most common symptoms were fatigue, chest tightness, anxiety, dyspnea, and myalgia. Most symptoms resolved over time, but the incidence of dyspnea showed no significant change (1-year vs 2-year, 2.6% [49 patients] vs 2.0% [37 patients]). A total of 116 patients (6.2%) had CAT total scores of at least 10 at 2 years after discharge. Patients who had been admitted to the intensive care unit had higher risks of persistent symptoms (odds ratio, 2.69; 95% CI, 1.02-7.06; P = .04) and CAT scores of 10 or higher (odds ratio, 2.83; 95% CI, 1.21-6.66; P = .02). Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, 2 years after hospital discharge, COVID-19 survivors had a progressive decrease in their symptom burden, but those with severe disease during hospitalization, especially those who required intensive care unit admission, had higher risks of persistent symptoms. These results are related to the original strain of the virus, and their relevance to infections with the Omicron variant is not known.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/terapia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Dispneia/epidemiologia , Seguimentos , Hospitalização , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , SARS-CoV-2 , Sobreviventes
20.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 112: 109243, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115279

RESUMO

We investigated the regulatory role of miR-181b-5p in neutrophilic asthma and its mechanisms by targeting DEK. DEK, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, and MMP-9 were overexpressed and the miR-181b-5p was decreased in mice with neutrophilic asthma. DEK was a direct target of miR-181b-5p. In mouse model, miR-181b-5p agomir had an inhibitory effect on airway inflammation and remodeling. miR-181b-5p inhibited DEK/p-GSK-3ßSer9/ß-catenin/MMP-9 pathway activation by regulating Wnt ligands in BEAS-2B and 16HBE cells. The ability of supernatants from human bronchial epithelial cells (hBECs) co-stimulated with CXCL8 (IL-8) and miR-181b-5p to induce NETs was weaker than that of IL-8 alone. Moreover, DEK overexpression led to excessive mitochondrial dysfunction, including DRP1 up-regulation, p-DRP1ser637 and MFN2 down-regulation, mitochondrial membrane potential loss, excessive mtROS generation and mitochondrial incompleteness. Interestingly, all these phenotypes were rescued by Wnt inhibitor DKK-1 and miR-181b-5p agomir. Additionally, inhibition of DRP1 with Mdivi-1 decreased MMP-9 on BEAS-2B cells. Overall, miR-181b-5p could attenuate neutrophilic asthma through inhibition of NETs release, DEK/p-GSK-3ßSer9/ß-catenin/MMP-9 pathway, DEK/Wnt/DRP1/MMP-9 and mitochondria damage. It may become a new therapeutic target for neutrophilic asthma.

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