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1.
Food Chem ; 303: 125385, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442899

RESUMO

In this study, the mechanism activated by melatonin treatment at 100 µM for maintaining nutraceutical properties in pomegranate fruits during storage at 4 °C for 120 days was investigated. Our results showed that the higher G6PDH and 6PGDH activities in pomegranate fruits treated with melatonin may be responsible for sufficient supply of intracellular NADPH. Also, higher AA and GSH accumulation in pomegranate fruits treated with melatonin may ascribe to higher APX and GR activities coincided with lower AAO activity. In addition, pomegranate fruits treated with melatonin exhibited significantly higher PAL activity resulting in higher phenols and anthocyanins accumulation as well as higher DPPH scavenging capacity. Additionally, higher AOX gene expression in pomegranate fruits treated with melatonin may be beneficial for ROS scavenging molecules accumulation. Therefore, maintaining nutraceutical properties of pomegranate fruits treated with melatonin may ascribe to sufficient intracellular NADPH supply by promoting G6PDH and 6PGDH activities during cold storage.

2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1709-1714, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492334

RESUMO

In this article, nano-NbC particles toughened Si3N4-based ceramics were prepared by injection moulding and their mechanical properties along with toughening mechanism were studied. An increase of nano-NbC content, gradually homogenizes microstructure of the Si3N4-based ceramics along with increase in its density. However, the fracture toughness and flexural strength first increases and then decreases. The Si3N4-based ceramics demonstrate good comprehensive properties at the 15 wt% nano-NbC content and sintering temperature of 1550 °C (where the density is 85.3%, the flexural strength is 845 MPa, and the fracture toughness is 9.3 MPa·m1/2), Backscattered electron imaging shows that nano-NbC particles can be well dispersed in the Si3N4 ceramic matrix by injection moulding and ceramics are toughened by crack deflection and microcracking effects. It was also found that increasing sintering temperature makes the ß-Si3N4 grain distribution more uniform by reducing the porosity.

3.
Talanta ; 207: 120256, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594590

RESUMO

Endogenous metabolites of amino acids and their derivatives in biosamples are frequently highlighted as the most differential metabolites in recent metabolomics studies. The method for the detection of amino acid derivatives such as N-acetyl amino acids and oligopeptides is rarely reported. We developed a rapid, high-throughput, sensitive and reliable quantitative method to simultaneously profile 40 underivatized amino acids and their derivatives including N-acetyl amino acids and oligopeptides in cell lines, based on ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC- MS/MS) by using a hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) column. The optimized method was successfully validated with satisfactory linearity, sensitivity, accuracy, precision, matrix effects, recovery and stability for all analytes. Only one compound (cysteine-glutathione disulfide) showed relatively low recoveries at three concentration levels (60.8-74.3%). The limit of quantification (LOQ) for most compounds was in the range of 0.6-10 ng/mL (6-100 pg on column). This method was successfully applied to the analysis of amino acids and their derivatives in breast cancer cell samples. Principal component analysis (PCA) and the orthogonal projections to latent structures (OPLS) showed a clear discrimination of the non-tumorigenic breast epithelial cell line MCF-10A from the breast cancer cell line HCC 1806. Characteristic metabolic changes in amino acid metabolism were observed in the breast cancer cell line. This quantified analytical method of 40 endogenous amino acids and their derivatives in cell lines meets the requirement of quantification in specific expanded metabolomics studies with good sensitivity.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Main vessel (MV) stent deformation and overstretch caused by classical kissing balloon inflation (C-KBI) using two balloons with a longer overlapping in the MV for bifurcation lesions has caused a widespread concern. PURPOSE: This bench study tested our hypothesis that mini-KBI (M-KBI) with a shorter protrusion of side branch (SB) balloon would ascertain a better result after Culotte stenting. METHODS: Twenty-four coronary stents were deployed using Culotte approach in twelve bifurcation models with a bifurcation angle of 45°, 3.5 mm in MV diameter, and 3.0 mm in SB diameter. After stent implantation, the final KBI were assigned to C-KBI (two kissing balloons juxtaposed within the MV stent, at least overlap for 3 mm; n = 6) and M-KBI (the proximal marker of SB balloon just sited at the level of upper edge of SB ostium; n = 6). Proximal optimization technique (POT) was performed after KBI. Stent geometry was visually evaluated based on bench photos, microscopy, videoscopy, micro-CT, and scanning electron microscopy. Stent deformation index, minimal lumen diameter, and cross-sectional area at either carina level of MV and ostium of SB were measured from optical coherence tomography (OCT). RESULTS: In Culotte technique, C-KBI was associated with visually significant stent deformation, overexpansion and the "bottleneck" effect of the MV stent, which could not be effectively rectified by POT, while M-KBI could keep the circle shape of MV stent with good stent apposition in both MV and SB stent. By quantitative measurements, deformation index of MV was 0.06 ± 0.01 after M-KBI, significantly lower than 0.25 ± 0.02 if C-KBI was performed. In the line in carina, compared to C-KBI, M-KBI has smaller CSA-stent/CSA-reference, which indicated a less overstretch of MV stent. However, minimal lumen diameter and cross-sectional area of SB ostium was not different in the mini-KBI group (3.0958 ± 0.0285 mm and 7.9667 ± 0.1741 mm), when compared those after C-KBI (3.1217 ± 0.0772 mm and 7.9083 ± 0.3115 mm, p > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Followed by POT, M-KBI is preferable than C-KBI in preventing stent deformation, overexpansion in MV stent and could get well apposed of MV stent and well-opened SB stent as expected in a Culotte technique.

5.
J Med Internet Res ; 21(9): e14231, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reducing childhood morbidity and mortality is challenging, particularly in countries with a shortage of qualified health care workers. Lack of trainers makes it difficult to provide the necessary continuing education in pediatrics for postregistration health professionals. Digital education, teaching and learning by means of digital technologies, has the potential to deliver medical education to a large audience while limiting the number of trainers needed. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the research was to evaluate whether digital education can replace traditional learning to improve postregistration health professionals' knowledge, skills, attitudes, and satisfaction and foster behavior change in the field of pediatrics. METHODS: We completed a systematic review of the literature by following the Cochrane methodology. We searched 7 major electronic databases for articles published from January 1990 to August 2017. No language restrictions were applied. We independently selected studies, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias, and pairs of authors compared information. We contacted authors of studies for additional information if necessary. All pooled analyses were based on random effects models. We included individually or cluster randomized controlled trials that compared digital education with traditional learning, no intervention, or other forms of digital education. We assessed the quality of evidence using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluations (GRADE) criteria. RESULTS: Twenty studies (1382 participants) were included. Participants included pediatricians, physicians, nurses, and midwives. Digital education technologies were assessed including high-fidelity mannequins (6 studies), computer-based education (12 studies), mobile learning (1 study), and virtual reality (1 study). Most studies reported that digital education was either as effective as or more effective than the control intervention for outcomes including skill, knowledge, attitude, and satisfaction. High-fidelity mannequins were associated with higher postintervention skill scores compared with low-fidelity mannequins (standardized mean difference 0.62; 95% CI 0.17-1.06; moderate effect size, low-quality evidence). One study reported physician change in practicing behavior and found similar effects between offline plus online digital education and no intervention. The only study that assessed impact on patient outcome found no difference between intervention and control groups. None of the included studies reported adverse or untoward effects or economic outcomes of the digital education interventions. The risk of bias was mainly unclear or high. The quality of evidence was low due to study inconsistencies, limitations, or imprecision across the studies. CONCLUSIONS: Digital education for postregistration health professions education in pediatrics is at least as effective as traditional learning and more effective than no learning. High-fidelity mannequins were found to be more effective at improving skills than traditional learning with low-fidelity mannequins. Computer-based offline/online digital education was better than no intervention for knowledge and skill outcomes and as good as traditional face-to-face learning. This review highlights evidence gaps calling for more methodologically rigorous randomized controlled trials on the topic. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42017057793; https://tinyurl.com/y5q9q5o6.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17198, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to assess the value of serum human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) to diagnose lung cancer and provide reliable scientific conclusions to guide clinical practice. METHODS: A systematic search of the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature, and WANFANG databases was conducted to identify all studies examining serum HE4 in the diagnosis of lung cancer published up to June, 2017. The Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies tool was used to evaluate the methodological quality of each trial. The meta-analysis was performed using STATA software and Review Manager 5.3. RESULTS: There were 21 studies involving 1883 cases and 1696 controls included in our meta-analysis. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of HE4 for diagnosing lung cancer were 0.73 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.68-0.78) and 0.86 (95% CI 0.81-0.91), respectively. The positive likelihood ratio and negative likelihood ratio were 5.4 (95% CI 3.8-7.5) and 0.31 (95% CI 0.26-0.37), respectively. The diagnostic odds ratio was 17 (95% CI 12-26). The area under the curve of the summary receiver-operating characteristic curve was 0.86 (95% CI 0.83-0.89). Race, assay method, type of cancer, sample size, and publication date might be sources of heterogeneity in our meta-analysis. Subgroup analyses showed that the sensitivity in Caucasians was higher than that in Asians (0.81, 95% CI 0.71-0.91; and 0.71, 95% CI 0.66-0.77, respectively), but the specificity in Asians was better than that in Caucasians (0.87, 95% CI 0.81-0.92; and 0.85, 95% CI 0.73-0.97, respectively). The chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay had the highest sensitivity, with 0.79 (95% CI 0.73-0.97), and the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay had the highest specificity, with 0.87 (95% CI 0.79-0.94). HE4 had high diagnostic efficacy when screening for small cell lung cancer with the highest specificity (0.90, 95% CI 0.77-1.00). CONCLUSIONS: HE4 is a relatively promising and effective biomarker for the diagnosis of lung cancer. Furthermore, given the limitations of our study, additional large-scale and well-designed studies are needed in the future.

7.
PLoS Genet ; 15(10): e1008067, 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584932

RESUMO

microRNAs (miRNAs) are potent regulators of gene expression that function in diverse developmental and physiological processes. Argonaute proteins loaded with miRNAs form the miRNA Induced Silencing Complexes (miRISCs) that repress gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. miRISCs target genes through partial sequence complementarity between the miRNA and the target mRNA's 3' UTR. In addition to being targeted by miRNAs, these mRNAs are also extensively regulated by RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) through RNA processing, transport, stability, and translation regulation. While the degree to which RBPs and miRISCs interact to regulate gene expression is likely extensive, we have only begun to unravel the mechanisms of this functional cooperation. An RNAi-based screen of putative ALG-1 Argonaute interactors has identified a role for a conserved RNA binding protein, HRPK-1, in modulating miRNA activity during C. elegans development. Here, we report the physical and genetic interaction between HRPK-1 and ALG-1/miRNAs. Specifically, we report the genetic and molecular characterizations of hrpk-1 and its role in C. elegans development and miRNA-mediated target repression. We show that loss of hrpk-1 causes numerous developmental defects and enhances the mutant phenotypes associated with reduction of miRNA activity, including those of lsy-6, mir-35-family, and let-7-family miRNAs. In addition to hrpk-1 genetic interaction with these miRNA families, hrpk-1 is required for efficient regulation of lsy-6 target cog-1. We report that hrpk-1 plays a role in processing of some but not all miRNAs and is not required for ALG-1/AIN-1 miRISC assembly. We suggest that HRPK-1 may functionally interact with miRNAs by both affecting miRNA processing and by enhancing miRNA/miRISC gene regulatory activity and present models for its activity.

8.
J Exp Bot ; 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598687

RESUMO

Pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins are one of the largest protein families, which consists of >400 members in most species. However, the molecular functions of many PPR proteins are still uncharacterized. Here, we isolated a maize mutant, defective kernel 40 (dek40). Positional cloning, and genetic and molecular analyses revealed that DEK40 encodes a new E+ subgroup PPR protein that is localized in the mitochondrion. DEK40 recognizes and directly binds to cox3, nad2, and nad5 transcripts and functions in their processing. In the dek40 mutant, abolishment of the C-to-U editing of cox3-314, nad2-26, and nad5-1916 leads to accumulated reactive oxygen species and promoted programmed cell death in endosperm cells due to the dysfunction of mitochondrial complexes I and IV. Furthermore, RNA sequencing analysis showed that gene expression in some pathways, such as glutathione metabolism and starch biosynthesis, was altered in the dek40 mutant compared with the wild-type control, which might be involved in abnormal development of the maize mutant kernels. Thus, our results provide solid evidence on the molecular mechanism underlying RNA editing by DEK40, and extend our understanding of PPR-E+ type protein in editing functions and kernel development in maize.

9.
Cancer Biol Ther ; : 1-9, 2019 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564196

RESUMO

CD16a (FcγRIIIa) mediates the antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and is important for anti-tumor activities of many therapeutic antibodies. Bispecific antibody targeting natural killer (NK) cells has been studied for cancer therapy. In this work, anti-CD16a single-domain antibodies were identified from hCD16a immunized camel. Bispecific antibodies are then constructed by fusing these single domain antibodies with an anti-CEA single domain antibody. These bispecific antibodies can recruite NK cells to kill CEA-positive tumor cells, and inhibit tumor growth in vivo, suggesting that these anti-CD16a single domain antibodies are powerful tools to engaging NK cells for cancer therapy.

10.
Cell Metab ; 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564441

RESUMO

The identification of molecular targets and pharmacodynamic markers for Parkinson's disease (PD) will empower more effective clinical management and experimental therapies. Miro1 is localized on the mitochondrial surface and mediates mitochondrial motility. Miro1 is removed from depolarized mitochondria to facilitate their clearance via mitophagy. Here, we explore the clinical utility of Miro1 for detecting PD and for gauging potential treatments. We measure the Miro1 response to mitochondrial depolarization using biochemical assays in skin fibroblasts from a broad spectrum of PD patients and discover that more than 94% of the patients' fibroblast cell lines fail to remove Miro1 following depolarization. We identify a small molecule that can repair this defect of Miro1 in PD fibroblasts. Treating patient-derived neurons and fly models with this compound rescues the locomotor deficits and dopaminergic neurodegeneration. Our results indicate that tracking this Miro1 marker and engaging in Miro1-based therapies could open new avenues to personalized medicine.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589317

RESUMO

Clear cell, microcytic, and angiomatous meningiomas are 3 vasculature-rich variants with overlapping morphological features but different prognostic and treatment implications. Distinction between them is not always straightforward. We compared the expression patterns of the hypoxia marker carbonic anhydrase IX (CA-IX) in meningiomas with predominant clear cell (n = 15), microcystic (n = 9), or angiomatous (n = 11) morphologies, as well as 117 cases of other World Health Organization recognized histological meningioma variants. Immunostaining for SMARCE1 protein, whose loss-of-function has been associated with clear cell meningiomas, was performed on all clear cell meningiomas, and selected variants of meningiomas as controls. All clear cell meningiomas showed absence of CA-IX expression and loss of nuclear SMARCE1 expression. All microcystic and angiomatous meningiomas showed diffuse CA-IX immunoreactivity and retained nuclear SMARCE1 expression. In other meningioma variants, CA-IX was expressed in a hypoxia-restricted pattern and was highly associated with atypical features such as necrosis, small cell change, and focal clear cell change. In conclusion, CA-IX may serve as a useful diagnostic marker in differentiating clear cell, microcystic, and angiomatous meningiomas.

12.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 6239-6245, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580673

RESUMO

Manipulating triplet states is technically intriguing for organic semiconductors and photochemical conversion. Sensitized photon upconversion that converts low-energy photons into higher-energy ones via triplet fusion holds great potential in augmentation of photovoltaic devices and photocatalysis. Conventional requirement of exothermic triplet-triplet energy transfer in sensitized upconversion constrains the development of upconversion donor-acceptor pairs. We demonstrate an upconversion system by utilizing a triplet energy-deficient donor within a triplet acceptor matrix, in which efficient thermally activated triplet-triplet energy transfer overcoming an energy barrier of up to 180 meV and an over 5% upconversion quantum yield in the solid state are achieved upon 635 nm irradiation at 195 mW/cm2. The effective solid-state upconversion through thermally activated triplet-triplet energy transfer establishes a new pathway to extract triplet energy from low-lying sensitizers, transcending traditional restriction in matching components energy level.

13.
Future Med Chem ; 11(17): 2263-2272, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581911

RESUMO

Aim: To explore the underlying mechanisms of metformin on the angiogenic capacity of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). Results: EPC growth and miR-221 expression decreased concentration-dependence with metformin, and a negative correlation was observed between miR-221 expression and metformin concentration (p < 0.001). miR-221 overexpression using a mimic decreased the metformin-mediated angiogenic effects in EPCs (p < 0.01). Metformin increased p27 and LC3II expression and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation, and decreased p62 expression, while miR-221 overexpression reversed the effects of metformin. Additionally, AMPK inhibition by compound C reversed the increase in p27 and LC3II levels and AMPK phosphorylation or miR-221 siRNA treatment. Conclusion: Metformin inhibits the angiogenic capacity of EPCs. The underlying mechanism involves AMPK-mediated autophagy pathway activity and increases miR-221-mediated p27 expression.

15.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 7538-7546, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the world. Its major histopathological subtype is non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Xiaoai Jiedu recipe (XJR) is a traditional Chinese medicine formula that can suppress growth and invasion of tumor cells. Here, we assessed the antitumor effect of XJR on NSCLC explored the underlying mechanisms. MATERIAL AND METHODS Three concentrations of XJR (low, middle, and high) were used to treat A549 cells. Cell Counting Kit-8 and colony formation assay were used to measure proliferation of A549 cells. Apoptosis was evaluated by Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometry. The expression of apoptosis-associated proteins was measured by Western blot analysis. Transwell and scratch wound healing assay were used to assess invasion and migration, respectively, of A549 cells. The expression of p38 MAPK pathway-associated proteins were measured using Western blot analysis. RESULTS XJR suppressed proliferation and promoted apoptosis of A549 cells, especially in the high-dose group. The expression of Bcl-2 was reduced with increasing expression of Bax, cleaved caspase-3, and cleaved caspase-9. Invasion and migration abilities of A549 cells were inhibited after XJR treatment. XJR treatment decreased the expression levels of phosphorylated p38 (p-p38), p-ERK, and p-JNK in a dose-dependent manner. CONCLUSIONS The results demonstrated that XJR can inhibit proliferation, invasion, and migration, and induce apoptosis of NSCLC by blocking the p38 MAPK pathway, which shows the potential of XJR as a new treatment of NSCLC.

16.
Mol Immunol ; 116: 18-28, 2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574452

RESUMO

Emerging evidence indicates that the lncRNAs/microRNA/mRNA axis plays important roles in a variety of diseases. This study was aimed to investigate the potential roles and underlying molecular mechanisms of lncRNA H19 and H19-derived miR-675 in regulating hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated liver injury. mRNA and miR-675 levels were determined by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), protein levels were determined by western blot, cell viability was measured by the MTT assay, cell apoptosis was measured by flow cytometry, inflammatory cytokine production was determined by ELISA, oxidative stress and energy metabolism were assessed by commercial kits, and the target relationship between PPARα and miR-675 was confirmed by the dual-luciferase reporter assay. The results showed that the expression of lncRNA H19 and miR-675 was up-regulated in patients with chronic hepatitis B (n = 20). Inhibition of lncRNA H19 or miR-675 in L02 cells increased cell viability, suppressed hepatitis B X protein (HBx)-induced cell apoptosis, inflammatory cytokine production, and oxidative stress, and remodelled energy metabolism. Furthermore, PPARα was found to be a target gene of miR-675. The expression of PPARα was down-regulated in patients with chronic hepatitis B, and there was a negative correlation between the expression of lncRNA H19 and PPARα, or between miR-675 and PPARα. Moreover, by knocking down the expression of PPARα, the actions (apoptosis, inflammatory factors, oxidative stress, and energy metabolism) of lncRNA H19 or miR-675 inhibition in HBx-induced L02 cells were at least partially reversed. In addition, HBx-induced elevated levels of p-AktSer473, p-AktThr308 and p-mTORSer2448 were down-regulated by lncRNA H19 or miR-675 inhibition. Furthermore, PPARα knockdown partly reversed the down-regulated effects of H19 or miR-675 inhibition. Taken together, these data indicate that the lncRNA H19/miR-675/PPARα axis regulates liver cell injury and energy metabolism remodelling induced by HBx, which may be related to the modulation of Akt/mTOR signalling.

17.
Molecules ; 24(20)2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600890

RESUMO

In this study, an acidic polysaccharide from Codonopsis pilosula Nannf. var. modesta (Nannf.) L. T. Shen (WCP-I) and its main fragment, WCP-Ia, obtained after pectinase digestion, were structurally elucidated and found to consist of a rhamnogalacturonan I (RG-I) region containing both arabinogalactan type I (AG-I) and type II (AG-II) as sidechains. They both expressed immunomodulating activity against Peyer's patch cells. Endo-1,4-ß-galactanase degradation gave a decrease of interleukine 6 (IL-6) production compared with native WCP-I and WCP-Ia, but exo-α-l-arabinofuranosidase digestion showed no changes in activity. This demonstrated that the stimulation activity partly disappeared with removal of ß-d-(1→4)-galactan chains, proving that the AG-I side chain plays an important role in immunoregulation activity. WCP-Ia had a better promotion effect than WCP-I in vivo, shown through an increased spleen index, higher concentrations of IL-6, transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in serum, and a slight increment in the secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) and CD4+/CD8+ T lymphocyte ratio. These results suggest that ß-d-(1→4)-galactan-containing chains in WCP-I play an essential role in the expression of immunomodulating activity. Combining all the results in this and previous studies, the intestinal immune system might be the target site of WCP-Ia.

18.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 48(4): 526-530, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601352

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine nuts consumption in a sample of Chinese elderly residents. METHODS: Samples from 2015 China Nutritional Transition Cohort Study were used. A total of 5071 participants aged 60 years old and above were included in the final analysis. Three consecutive 24 h recalls were used to collect dietary consumption data. Average daily nuts intake was calculated. Then compared with recommended intake level of Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents(2016). Logistic regression was applied to analyze key factors affecting the consumption of nuts intake. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of nuts consumption among elderly residents in 15 provinces was 17. 8%. The P90 nuts intake was 13. 6 g/d in the whole population and 16. 7 g/d in P50 in the consuming group. There were 81. 1% of the whole population achieved the recommendation of dietary guidelines. The Logistic analysis showed that the group of young age, high education level and urban residents had more nuts consumed. CONCLUSION: Nuts consumption rate was low among Chinese elderly residents. The intake was insufficient in the whole. Age, education level and area were key factors that influenced nuts consumption of the elderly.

19.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4614, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601814

RESUMO

Autophagy is a central component of integrated stress responses that influences many inflammatory diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and colorectal cancer (CRC). While the core machinery is known, the molecular basis of the epigenetic regulation of autophagy and its role in colon inflammation remain largely undefined. Here, we report that BRG1, an ATPase subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, is required for the homeostatic maintenance of intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) to prevent the inflammation and tumorigenesis. BRG1 emerges as a key regulator that directly governs the transcription of Atg16l1, Ambra1, Atg7 and Wipi2, which are important for autophagosome biogenesis. Defective autophagy in BRG1-deficient IECs results in excess reactive oxygen species (ROS), which leads to the defects in barrier integrity. Together, our results establish that BRG1 may represent an autophagy checkpoint that is pathogenetically linked to colitis and is therefore likely a potential therapeutic target for disease intervention.

20.
Hypertens Res ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601971

RESUMO

Preeclampsia (PE) is a major obstetrical complication that results in maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Aberrant epigenetic modifications are widely involved in the pathogenesis of PE. Previously, the activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM) was reported to be required for blastocyst implantation but has not been described in the context of pathological pregnancy. This study explored the expression of ALCAM and its methylation levels in the placentas and peripheral venous blood of patients with PE from a Chinese Han population. The mRNA and protein expression levels of ALCAM were downregulated in the PE placentas compared with the control placentas (P < 0.05). The methylation rate of the ALCAM gene promoter was considerably elevated in the placentas (P = 0.003, odds ratio (OR) = 0.264, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) [0.108-0.647], cases n = 47, controls n = 53) and peripheral blood (P = 0.007, OR = 0.455, 95% CI [0.256-0.806], cases n = 100, controls n = 100) of the PE patients compared with those of the normotensive women, suggesting a negative relationship between ALCAM methylation and gene transcription. Moreover, the transcriptional expression of ALCAM was dramatically increased by demethylating treatment in trophoblastic cells. ALCAM is expected to be involved in the pathogenesis of PE through methylation regulation.

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