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2.
BMJ ; 375: n2374, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34853003
3.
Yi Chuan ; 43(10): 972-979, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702709

RESUMO

China is facing a heavy burden of chronic diseases, so it is urgent to promote the relevant researches for early prevention of chronic diseases. Large population cohorts are one of the primary study designs for etiology evidence of chronic diseases, which are helpful to explore feasible intervention measures. Moreover, clarifying the genetic associations between risk factors and diseases from the genetic level of large population cohort can also open up a new way to the exploration of causality. This article aimed to introduce the study "China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB)" jointly carried out by the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking University and University of Oxford, with emphasis on the construction progress of genetic resources and the recent published genetic studies, in order to provide reference for the in-depth mining and utilization of genetic resources in large population cohort in China.


Assuntos
Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Genética Humana , China , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
4.
Clin Case Rep ; 9(10): e04899, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631083

RESUMO

Myxoid liposarcoma (MLS) is a common subtype of liposarcoma in children and adolescents and can occur anywhere in the body. Cardiac metastases from MLS are very rare. We report a rare case of postoperative recurrence of MLS in the left thigh with ectopic and metachronous pericardial metastases. Cardiac metastases from MLS are rare, the prognosis is poor, and long-term follow-up of patients after discharge is necessary.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(33): e26944, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34414955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the diagnostic value of computed tomography (CT) imaging for duodenal lipoma and the potential clinical significance of the findings. METHODS: Clinicopathological and CT data from 57 patients, who were diagnosed with duodenal lipoma at the first affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University (Zhengzhou, China) between June 2014 and March 2019, were retrospectively reviewed. Data collected included location and size of the tumor, morphological manifestations (shape, density, boundary), concomitant diseases, pathology and gastroscopy results, and follow-up. Follow-up was performed via telephone, and surgical patients were followed-up for recurrence, metastasis and tumor size, and morphological changes. The follow-up period was up to January 2019. RESULTS: Of the 57 patients with duodenal lipoma, contrast-enhanced scanning was performed in 7 cases. The tumor was located in the descending duodenum in 33 cases, the ascending in 4 cases, the horizontal in 16 cases, and the bulb in 4 cases. Mean tumor size was 13.0 ±â€Š5.8 mm. CT morphological features of the tumor were as follows: tumor shape, round, quasi-round, or oval (n = 42); long strip (n = 3); nodular (n = 2); triangular (n = 1); and irregular lobulated (n = 9). Among the 57 patients, tumor density was homogeneous in 52 cases, inhomogeneous in 4 cases, and nodular with calcification in 1 case. The tumor boundary was classified as clear and with no capsule. Diseases concomitant with the tumor were as follows: gastritis (n = 23), gastric adenocarcinoma (n = 1), and gastric lymphoma (n = 1). Esophageal disease was found in 16 cases, including reflux esophagitis (n = 12) and esophageal cancer (n = 4). There were 13 cases of gallbladder and biliary disease, including cholecystolithiasis and cholecystitis (n = 9), common bile duct disease (n = 2), colorectal cancer (n = 4), lung cancer (n = 2), duodenal carcinoma with obstruction (n = 1), and ureteral space narrowing (n = 1). CONCLUSION: CT was an effective, non-invasive method for diagnosis of duodenal lipoma. CT imaging could clearly discern location, size, shape, and nature of duodenal lipomas. Duodenal lipoma can be associated with digestive tract inflammatory diseases and tumors in different locations, and its diagnosis is potentially valuable for their prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Duodenais/diagnóstico por imagem , Lipoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Neoplasias Duodenais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Duodenais/patologia , Duodeno/diagnóstico por imagem , Duodeno/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lipoma/diagnóstico , Lipoma/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
7.
Menopause ; 28(10): 1130-1142, 2021 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342284

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the potentially modifiable factors affecting age at natural menopause (ANM) in Chinese women. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the China Kadoorie Biobank study which that recruited 0.5 million (0.3 million women) Chinese adults aged 30 to 79 from 2004 to 2008. Multinomial logistic regression models were used to examine the relationships between ANM and various factors recorded at baseline. RESULTS: Among 87,349 postmenopausal women, the mean ANM (SD) was 48.7 (4.3) years. Older age, being a housewife, earlier menarche, and passive smoking were associated with both premature menopause (PM, ie, ANM <40 years) and early menopause (EM, ie, ANM between 40 and 44 years). A higher odds for EM was observed in women who were widowed (odds ratio: 1.10, 95% confidence interval: 1.04-1.16), had spontaneous abortions (1.33 [1.05-1.69]), current regular smoking (1.19 [1.07-1.37]), and frequent spicy food intake (1.11 [1.05-1.08]). Higher socioeconomic status; later first birth; more live births and induced abortions; longer breastfeeding; tea drinking, as well as intakes of meat, fruits, dairy, and soybean products; and increased body mass index gain were inversely associated with PM and/or EM. In contrast, women who had more pregnancies, occasional alcohol drinking, higher levels of physical activity or body mass index, vitamin intake, and hypertension were more likely to have a later age at menopause (LM, ie, ANM ≥53 years). CONCLUSIONS: This large epidemiological study found a wide range of sociodemographic, lifestyle, dietary, and reproductive factors related to PM, EM, and LM in Chinese women.


Assuntos
Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Fumar , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Menopausa , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/epidemiologia
8.
Front Oncol ; 11: 677814, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34079766

RESUMO

Purpose: It is challenging for traditional CT signs to predict invasiveness of pancreatic solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (pSPN). We aim to develop and evaluate CT-based radiomics signature to preoperatively predict invasive behavior in pSPN. Methods: Eighty-five patients who had pathologically confirmed pSPN and preoperative contrasted-enhanced CT imaging in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed (invasive: 24; non-invasive: 61). 1316 radiomics features were separately extracted from delineated 2D or 3D ROIs in arterial and venous phases. 200% (SMOTE) was used to generate balanced dataset (invasive: 72, non-invasive: 96) for each phase, which was for feature selection and modeling. The model was internally validated in the original dataset. Inter-observer consistency analysis, spearman correlation, univariate analysis, LASSO regression and backward stepwise logical regression were mainly applied to screen the features, and 6 logistic regression models were established based on multi-phase features from 2D or 3D segmentations. The ROC analysis and Delong's test were mainly used for model assessment and AUC comparison. Results: It retained 11, 8, 7 and 7 features to construct 3D-arterial, 3D-venous, 2D-arterial and 2D-venous model. Based on 3D ROIs, the arterial model (AUC: 0.914) performed better than venous (AUC: 0.815) and the arterial-venous combined model was slightly improved (AUC: 0.918). Based on 2D ROIs, the arterial model (AUC: 0.814) performed better than venous (AUC:0.768), while the arterial-venous combined model (AUC:0.893) performed better than any single-phase model. In addition, the 3D arterial model performed better than the best combined 2D model. The Delong's test showed that the significant difference of model AUC existed in arterial models in original dataset (p = 0.019) while not in arterial-venous combined model (p=0.49) as comparing 2D and 3D ROIs. Conclusion: The arterial radiomics model constructed by 3D-ROI feature is potential to predict the invasiveness of pSPN preoperatively.

9.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(15): 3704-3710, 2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34046473

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Giant cell tumor of soft tissue (GCT-ST) is an extremely rare low-grade soft tissue tumor that is originates in superficial tissue and rarely spreads deeper. GCT-ST has unpredictable behavior. It is mainly benign, but may sometimes become aggressive and potentially increase in size within a short period of time. CASE SUMMARY: A 17-year-old man was suspected of having a fracture, based on radiography following left shoulder trauma. One month later, the swelling of the left shoulder continued to increase and the pain was obvious. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a soft tissue mass with strip-like calcifications in the left shoulder. The mass invaded the adjacent humerus and showed an insect-like area of destruction at the edge of the cortical bone of the upper humerus. The marrow cavity of the upper humerus was enlarged, and a soft tissue density was seen in the medullary cavity. Thoracic CT revealed multiple small nodules beneath the pleura of both lungs. A bone scan demonstrated increased activity in the left shoulder joint and proximal humerus. The mass showed mixed moderate hypointensity and hyperintensity on T1-weighted images, and mixed hyperintensity on T2-weighted fat-saturated images. The final diagnosis of GCT-ST was confirmed by pathology. CONCLUSION: GCT-STs should be considered in the differential diagnosis of soft tissue tumors and monitored for large increases in size.

10.
Twin Res Hum Genet ; 24(1): 29-36, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645497

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to analyze differences in birth weight and overweight/obesity in a Shanghai twin cohort. We also wanted to study their association and explore possible risk factors for the discordance of overweight/obesity within twins. This was an internal case-control study designed for twins. The 2012 Shanghai Twin Registration System baseline survey data of a total of 3417 twin pairs were statistically analyzed using SPSS22 software. Results show that the body mass index (BMI) of the Shanghai twin population increased with age. Twins with a high birth weight had a higher BMI and a higher rate of overweight and obesity; 0- to 6-year-old twins, male twins and dizygotic (DZ) twins had higher rates of overweight/obesity than other groups. The greater the discordant birth weight rate of twins, the more obvious the difference in BMI (p < .05). There was a significant difference in overweight/obesity between twins with a relative difference of birth weight ≥15% in DZ twins (p < .05). DZ twins, male twins and 0- to 6-year-old twins were more likely to be discordant in overweight/obese than others. The discordant birth weight within twins was not a risk factor for discordant overweight/obesity. However, attention should be paid to childhood obesity, and appropriate interventions should be made at the appropriate time. Genetics may play an important role in the occurrence and development of overweight/obesity. In conclusion, discordant growth and development in the uterus early in life may not lead to discordant weight development in the future.


Assuntos
Obesidade Pediátrica , Peso ao Nascer , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/genética , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/genética , Gêmeos Dizigóticos/genética
11.
J Infect ; 82(4): 75-83, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610682

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The HPV vaccine has been licensed in mainland China since 2017. This study aimed to assess the epidemiological characteristics of HPV genotypes in the pre-vaccine era in China. METHODS: We conducted a multicentric population-based study nested in the largest health clinic chain in China. Between January 1, 2017 and December 31, 2017, 427,401women aged 20 years or older with polymerase chain reaction-based HPV genotyping tests were included in the study. The cervicovaginal infection of 14 high-risk HPV genotypes and 9 low-risk genotypes was assessed using adjusted prevalence, multivariable logistic regression, cluster analysis, and heatmap. RESULTS: HPV prevalence was 15.0% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 14.1-15.9%) in China, with high- and low-risk genotypes being 12.1% (95%CI: 11.4-12.7%) and 5.2% (95%CI: 4.8-5.7%), respectively. The prevalence of HPV genotypes corresponding to bivalent, quadrivalent, and nonavalent vaccines were 2.1%, 2.4%, and 8.3%, respectively, whereas the prevalence of non-vaccine high-risk genotypes was 5.7%. The most common high-risk genotypes were HPV-52 (3.5%), HPV-58 (2.1%), and HPV-16 (1.6%), and the prevalence of HPV-18 (0.6%), HPV-6 (0.1%), and HPV-11 (0.2%) were relatively low. Infection with HPV genotypes differed significantly across age groups and geographic locations. CONCLUSION: HPV prevalence was high in the pre-vaccine era in China, and a population-based HPV vaccination strategy is needed in the future.


Assuntos
Infecções por Papillomavirus , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
12.
Cell Death Differ ; 28(4): 1364-1378, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33188281

RESUMO

Metastatic melanoma remains a challenging disease. Understanding the molecular mechanisms how melanoma becomes metastatic is therefore of interest. Herein we show that downregulation of the AP-1 transcription factor member Fra-2 in melanoma cells is associated with an aggressive melanoma phenotype in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, Fra-2 knockdown in melanoma cells promoted cell migration and invasion associated with increased Snail-1, Twist-1/2, and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) expression. In vivo, Fra-2 knockdown in a melanoma cell line led to increased metastasis into the lungs and liver. The increased metastatic potential of Fra-2 knockdown melanoma cells was likely due to an accelerated cell cycle transition and increased tissue angiogenesis. Using Fra-2 knockdown cell lines microarray analysis, we identified the protein Fam212b (family with sequence similarity 212 member B) as a downstream target of Fra-2. By additional knockdown of Fam212b in Fra-2 mutant cells, we mitigated the cell migration, invasion, and cell cycle transition phenotype induced by Fra-2 knockdown. Furthermore, Fam212b overexpression enhanced ß-catenin pathway. Finally, Fam212b expression is correlated with increased melanoma metastasis and poor clinical outcomes in human patients. In summary, these findings reveal the Fra-2-Fam212b axis as a new pathway of melanoma metastasis, which can be in the future used as potential marker of the metastatic properties of melanoma.

13.
EClinicalMedicine ; 25: 100463, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32838236

RESUMO

Background: The long-term pulmonary function and related physiological characteristics of COVID-19 survivors have not been studied in depth, thus many aspects are not understood. Methods: COVID-19 survivors were recruited for high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the thorax, lung function and serum levels of SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody tests 3 months after discharge. The relationship between the clinical characteristics and the pulmonary function or CT scores were investigated. Findings: Fifty-five recovered patients participated in this study. SARS-CoV-2 infection related symptoms were detected in 35 of them and different degrees of radiological abnormalities were detected in 39 patients. Urea nitrogen concentration at admission was associated with the presence of CT abnormalities (P = 0.046, OR 7.149, 95% CI 1.038 to 49.216). Lung function abnormalities were detected in 14 patients and the measurement of D-dimer levels at admission may be useful for prediction of impaired diffusion defect (P = 0.031, OR 1.066, 95% CI 1.006 to 1.129). Of all the subjects, 47 of 55 patients tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 IgG in serum, among which the generation of Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody in female patients was stronger than male patients in infection rehabilitation phase. Interpretation: Radiological and physiological abnormalities were still found in a considerable proportion of COVID-19 survivors without critical cases 3 months after discharge. Higher level of D-dimer on admission could effectively predict impaired DLCO after 3 months discharge. It is necessary to follow up the COVID-19 patients to appropriately manage any persistent or emerging long-term sequelae. Funding: Key Scientific Research Projects of Henan Higher Education Institutions.

14.
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol ; 47(12): 1923-1931, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726458

RESUMO

Inducible costimulator (ICOS) is a member of the CD28 family. When activated, ICOS signalling promotes FOXP3 CNS2 gene demethylation and stabilizes Treg differentiation. Cerebral aneurysm (CA) is the local ballooning of the cerebral vasculature, characterized by higher levels of inflammation mediators and tissue remodelling. FOXP3+ Treg cell dysfunction may contribute to CA pathogenesis. In this study, the expression and function of ICOS in Treg cells was investigated. Circulating CD4+ CD25hi T cells from CA subjects demonstrated significantly lower levels of ICOS expression than circulating CD4+ CD25hi T cells from healthy subjects. In both healthy subjects and CA subjects, FOXP3+ Treg cells were highly concentrated in the ICOS+ fraction of CD4+ CD25hi T cells. Anti-ICOS costimulation, in combination with anti-CD3 and IL-2, significantly increased FOXP3 expression in CD4+ CD25hi ICOS+ T cells but not in CD4+ CD25hi ICOS- T cells. In addition, anti-CD3/IL-2 and anti-ICOS costimulation significantly elevated the expression of IL-10 and TGF-ß, decreased the expression of IL-17, and enhanced CD4+ CD25hi ICOS+ T cell-mediated suppression of autologous CD4+ CD25- Tconv proliferation. Interestingly, CD4+ CD25hi ICOS+ T cells from CA subjects presented lower responsiveness toward anti-ICOS costimulation than CD4+ CD25hi ICOS+ T cells from healthy subjects. Overall, these results demonstrated that ICOS signalling could significantly improve FOXP3 expression and enhance Treg functional potency. However, circulating Treg cells from CA patients displayed reduced ICOS expression and lower responsiveness toward anti-ICOS stimulation.

15.
Cancer Imaging ; 20(1): 15, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024553

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mature cystic teratoma (MCT) with meningioma of the ovary is a very rare benign tumor. There is only 3 reports of this disease until June 2019. The aim of the present study was to describe a ovarian mature cystic teratoma containing meningioma and nests of neuroblasts in a 15-year-old girl. METHODS: The method used in the present study consists of description of the clinical history, image lab features, and pathological result. RESULTS: The patient complained of a 2-month history of irregular vaginal bleeding. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed a large oval cystic-solid mass with septations and fat density shadow, in abdomen pelvic cavity. The cystic part was the main component in the mass. The tumoral solid parts and its internal division could be seen intensified from slight to moderate on contrast-enhanced CT images compared with those on precontrast images, and the solid parts showed heterogeneous enhancement. Neighbouring intestinal tract and the uterus displaced by compression. The pathological examination confirmed the diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical feature of ovarian mature cystic teratoma with meningioma includes a lack of specificity. Only meticulous recording of the gross features, histopathological examination including immunohistochemistry and supportive clinical and radiological findings to arrive at a correct diagnosis in case of unconventional tumours. If necessary, preoperative puncture can be performed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Teratoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/complicações , Neoplasias Meníngeas/patologia , Meningioma/complicações , Meningioma/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/complicações , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Teratoma/complicações , Teratoma/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781517

RESUMO

Background: Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are a major cause of infertility, long-term disability, ectopic pregnancy, and premature birth. Therefore, the development of fast and low-cost laboratory STD diagnostic screening methods will contribute to reducing STD-induced reproductive tract damage and improve women's health worldwide. In this study, we evaluated a novel multiplex real-time PCR melting curve assay method for the simultaneous detection of 9 STD pathogens, including Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma genitalium, Trichomonas vaginalis, Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma parvum, and herpes simplex virus. Methods: The analytical performance of the method, including its limit of detection (LOD), specificity, repeatability, and effect on different DNA extraction kits were evaluated. Additionally, we obtained 1,328 clinical specimens from 3 hospitals to detect the 9 STD pathogens using multiplex real-time PCR melting curve and Sanger sequencing, to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and consistency of the assay method. Results: The results showed that the analytical sensitivity of the novel multiplex real-time PCR melting curve assay is very excellent, with LOD of DNA corresponding to <200 copies/µL for the DNA of the 9 STDs and 1.00 × 104 color change unit /ml for those of UU and UP. Additionally, this assay demonstrated excellent analytical specificity, excellent repeatability, and its results had no effect of different DNA extraction kits. The performance, in terms of sensitivity (91.06-100%) and specificity (99.14-100%), was remarkable, since the consistency between it and Sanger sequencing was more than 0.85 in the clinic. Conclusion: The novel multiplex real-time PCR melting curve assay method has high sensitivity and specificity, relatively low cost, and simple to use for the simultaneous detection of 9 STD pathogens in genitourinary secretions.


Assuntos
Secreções Corporais , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/etiologia , Sistema Urogenital/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex/normas , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
17.
Nutrients ; 11(8)2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357492

RESUMO

To investigate the associations between dietary fatty acids and cholesterol consumption and stomach cancer (SC), we analyzed data from a population-based case-control study with a total of 1900 SC cases and 6532 controls. Dietary data and other risk or protective factors were collected by face-to-face interviews in Jiangsu Province, China, from 2003 to 2010. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using multiple unconditional logistic regression models and an energy-adjusted method. The joint associations between dietary factors and known risk factors on SC were examined. We observed positive associations between dietary saturated fatty acids (SFAs), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs), and total cholesterol and the development of SC, comparing the highest versus lowest quarters. Increased intakes of dietary SFAs (p-trend = 0.005; aOR, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.01-1.22 with a 7 g/day increase as a continuous variable) and total cholesterol (p-trend < 0.001; aOR, 1.13; 95% CI, 1.06-1.22 with a 250 mg/day increase as a continuous variable) were monotonically associated with elevated odds of developing SC. Our results indicate that dietary SFAs, MUFAs, and total cholesterol are associated with stomach cancer, which might provide a potential dietary intervention for stomach cancer prevention.


Assuntos
Colesterol na Dieta/efeitos adversos , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Ácidos Graxos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Colesterol na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Graxos/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Proteção , Recomendações Nutricionais , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/prevenção & controle
18.
J Diabetes Investig ; 10(5): 1215-1222, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30784202

RESUMO

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Evidence has shown that stressful life events are associated with the development of diabetes, yet studies in mainland China are scarce. In the present study, we explored the associations between cumulative and specific stressful life events and the prevalence of diabetes in Chinese adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional data were from the China Kadoorie Biobank study, which enrolled approximately 500,000 adults aged 30-79 years from 10 diverse regions of China. Logistic regression models were used to calculate the adjusted odds ratio (OR) and the 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: Of the 473,607 participants, 25,301 (5.34%) had type 2 diabetes (2.68% clinically-identified and 2.66% screen-detected). Participants who experienced one and two or more stressful life events were 1.10-fold (OR 1.10, 95% CI 1.05-1.16) and 1.33-fold (OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.13-1.57) more likely to have type 2 diabetes. Three categories of work-related events (OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.01-1.31), as well as family-related events (OR 1.11, 95% CI 1.06-1.18) and personal-related events (OR 1.18, 95% CI 1.03-1.36), were associated with an increased likelihood of type 2 diabetes. Regarding the specific life events, the ORs of loss of job or retirement, as well as major conflict within family, death or major illness of other close family member and major injury or traffic accident, were 1.24 (95% CI 1.02-1.52), 1.24 (95% CI 1.08-1.43), 1.13 (95% CI 1.06-1.20) and 1.20 (95% CI 1.01-1.43), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The present study showed that cumulative and specific stressful life events were significantly associated with an increased prevalence of diabetes.


Assuntos
Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
19.
Int J Pharm ; 560: 92-100, 2019 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30742988

RESUMO

The central nervous system (CNS) is a vital part of human body which coordinate the actions by transmitting signals. Because of the existence of the blood-brain barrier and the blood-spinal cord barrier, diseases in CNS can hardly be directly intervened by non-invasive methods. While systemic delivery usually requires extravagant drug dosage and leads into toxicity in unexpected tissues, local drug delivery in CNS tissues provides a solution for the problems of physiological barriers and systematic side effects. Biomaterials are applied in local drug delivery system (LDDS) for CNS disease therapy with aims of tuning the drug release property and improving bioavailability, solubility, stability and safety of pharmaceutics. The indispensable importance and distinct physiological structure of cerebrospinal area bring about challenges to biomaterials in LDDS. Thus, properties of drug delivery systems are necessitated with prudently concern. In this review, the development of LDDS utilizing biomaterials will be presented, including sustained release, local parameter-responsible release, and regional cell-selective active targeting release. Studies on biomaterials employed as pharmaceuticals will give rise to a more efficacious method and the better understanding of LDDS design in CNS.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/administração & dosagem , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo , Sistema Nervoso Central/metabolismo , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Desenho de Fármacos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Humanos , Solubilidade , Distribuição Tecidual
20.
Eur J Cancer Prev ; 28(4): 278-286, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30001285

RESUMO

Garlic consumption has been associated inversely with esophageal cancer (EC); however, its interactions with tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption have never been evaluated in an epidemiological study. We evaluated the potential interactions between garlic intake and tobacco smoking as well as alcohol consumption in a population-based case-control study with 2969 incident EC cases and 8019 healthy controls. Epidemiologic data were collected by face-to-face interviews using a questionnaire. The adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated and additive and multiplicative interactions were evaluated using unconditional logistic regression models, adjusting for potential confounding factors. Semi-Bayes (SB) adjustments were used to reduce potential false-positive findings. EC was associated inversely with raw garlic intake [SB-adjusted OR for more than once a week=0.68, 95% CI: 0.57-0.80], with a strong dose-response pattern in the overall analysis and in the stratified analyses by smoking and drinking. EC was associated positively with smoking and alcohol drinking, with SB-adjusted OR of 1.73 (95% CI: 1.62-1.85) and 1.37 (95% CI: 1.28-1.46) in dose-response effects of increased intensity and longer duration of smoking/drinking. Moreover, garlic intake interacts with smoking [synergy index (S)=0.83, 95% CI: 0.67-1.02; ratio of OR=0.88, 95% CI: 0.80-0.98] and alcohol drinking (S=0.73, 95% CI: 0.57-0.93; ratio of OR=0.86, 95% CI: 0.77-0.95) both multiplicatively and additively. Our findings suggested that high intake of raw garlic may reduce EC risk and may interact with tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption, which might shed a light on the development of EC as well as a potential dietary intervention among high-risk smokers and drinkers for EC prevention in the Chinese population.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/epidemiologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Alho , Fumar Tabaco/epidemiologia , Idoso , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Inquéritos sobre Dietas/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/etiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Fumar Tabaco/efeitos adversos
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