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1.
Autophagy ; : 1-18, 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38964379

RESUMO

Macroautophagic/autophagic and endocytic pathways play essential roles in maintaining homeostasis at different levels. It remains poorly understood how both pathways are coordinated and fine-tuned for proper lysosomal degradation of diverse cargoes. We and others recently identified a Golgi-resident RAB GTPase, RAB2A, as a positive regulator that controls both autophagic and endocytic pathways. In the current study, we report that TBC1D4 (TBC1 domain family member 4), a TBC domain-containing protein that plays essential roles in glucose homeostasis, suppresses RAB2A-mediated autophagic and endocytic pathways. TBC1D4 bound to RAB2A through its N-terminal PTB2 domain, which impaired RAB2A-mediated autophagy at the early stage by preventing ULK1 complex activation. During the late stage of autophagy, TBC1D4 impeded the association of RUBCNL/PACER and RAB2A with STX17 on autophagosomes by direct interaction with RUBCNL via its N-terminal PTB1 domain. Disruption of the autophagosomal trimeric complex containing RAB2A, RUBCNL and STX17 resulted in defective HOPS recruitment and eventually abortive autophagosome-lysosome fusion. Furthermore, TBC1D4 inhibited RAB2A-mediated endocytic degradation independent of RUBCNL. Therefore, TBC1D4 and RAB2A form a dual molecular switch to modulate autophagic and endocytic pathways. Importantly, hepatocyte- or adipocyte-specific tbc1d4 knockout in mice led to elevated autophagic flux and endocytic degradation and tissue damage. Together, this work establishes TBC1D4 as a critical molecular brake in autophagic and endocytic pathways, providing further mechanistic insights into how these pathways are intertwined both in vitro and in vivo.Abbreviations: ACTB: actin beta; ATG9: autophagy related 9; ATG14: autophagy related 14; ATG16L1: autophagy related 16 like 1; CLEM: correlative light electron microscopy; Ctrl: control; DMSO: dimethyl sulfoxide; EGF: epidermal growth factor; EGFR: epidermal growth factor receptor; FL: full length; GAP: GTPase-activating protein; GFP: green fluorescent protein; HOPS: homotypic fusion and protein sorting; IP: immunoprecipitation; KD: knockdown; KO: knockout; LAMP1: lysosomal associated membrane protein 1; MAP1LC3B/LC3B: microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 beta; OE: overexpression; PG: phagophore; PtdIns3K: class III phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase; SLC2A4/GLUT4: solute carrier family 2 member 4; SQSTM1/p62: sequestosome 1; RUBCNL/PACER: rubicon like autophagy enhancer; STX17: syntaxin 17; TAP: tandem affinity purification; TBA: total bile acid; TBC1D4: TBC1 domain family member 4; TUBA1B: tubulin alpha 1b; ULK1: unc-51 like autophagy activating kinase 1; VPS39: VPS39 subunit of HOPS complex; WB: western blot; WT: wild type.

2.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1412300, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38966553

RESUMO

Heart failure (HF) is a chronic condition that progressively worsens and continues to be a major financial burden and public health concern. The "gut-heart" axis provides an innovative perspective and therapeutic strategy for preventing and treating heart failure. Shenfu injection (SFI) is a Traditional Chinese Medicine-based treatment demonstrating potential as a therapeutic strategy for heart failure. However, the precise therapeutic mechanisms of SFI in heart failure are not completely characterized. In this study, HF models were established utilizing subcutaneous multipoint injection of isoproterenol (ISO) at a dosage of 5 mg kg-1·d-1 for 7 days. Serum levels of inflammatory biomarkers were quantified using protein microarrays. Rat feces were analyzed using untargeted metabolomics research and 16S rRNA sequencing. The link between gut microbiota and metabolites was examined using a MetOrigin and Spearman correlation analysis. Our results show that Shenfu injection effectively enhances cardiac function in rats with ISO-induced heart failure by potentially modulating pro-/anti-inflammatory imbalance and reducing serum and urine Trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) levels. Moreover, SFI significantly increases the abundance of Bacteroidota at the phylum level, thereby improving disrupted gut microbiota composition. Additionally, SFI supplementation enriches specific genera known for their capacity to produce short-chain fatty acids. SFI was found to be associated with three key metabolic pathways, as revealed by fecal metabonomics analysis, including the pentose phosphate pathway, pyrimidine metabolism, and purine metabolism. Metabolite tracing analysis revealed that Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism was found to be specific to the microbial community. The biosynthesis of Pyrimidine metabolism, Purine metabolism, beta-alanine metabolism, Naphthalene degradation, Pantothenate, and CoA biosynthesis were identified as co-metabolic pathways between microbes and host. The Spearman correlation analysis was also significantly correlated to differentially expressed metabolites regulated by SFI and the gut microbiota. These results suggest that SFI improves ISO-induced heart failure by modulating co-metabolism and regulating the TMAO-inflammation axis.

3.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1405342, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38953103

RESUMO

Angelica sinensis is a long-standing medicine used by Chinese medical practitioners and well-known for its blood-tonic and blood-activating effects. Ferulic acid, ligustilide, and eugenol in Angelica sinensis activate the blood circulation; however, the material basis of their blood-tonic effects needs to be further investigated. In this study, five homogeneous Angelica sinensis polysaccharides were isolated, and their sugar content, molecular weight, monosaccharide composition, and infrared characteristics determined. Acetylphenylhydrazine (APH) and cyclophosphamide (CTX) were used as inducers to establish a blood deficiency model in mice, and organ indices, haematological and biochemical parameters were measured in mice. Results of in vivo hematopoietic activity showed that Angelica sinensis polysaccharide (APS) could elevate erythropoietin (EPO), granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), and interleukin-3 (IL-3) serum levels, reduce tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) level in mice, and promote hematopoiesis in the body by regulating cytokine levels. Biological potency test results of the in vitro blood supplementation indicated strongest tonic activity for APS-H2O, and APS-0.4 has the weakest haemopoietic activity. The structures of APS-H2O and APS-0.4 were characterized, and the results showed that APS-H2O is an arabinogalactan glycan with a main chain consisting of α-1,3,5-Ara(f), α-1,5- Ara(f), ß-1,4-Gal(p), and ß-1,4-Gal(p)A, and two branched chains of ß-t-Gal(p) and α-t-Glc(p) connected to each other in a (1→3) linkage to α-1,3,5-Ara(f) on the main chain. APS-0.4 is an acidic polysaccharide with galacturonic acid as the main chain, consisting of α-1,4-GalA, α-1,2-GalA, α-1,4-Gal, and ß-1,4-Rha. In conclusion, APS-H2O can be used as a potential drug for blood replenishment in patients with blood deficiency, providing a basis for APS application in clinical treatment and health foods, as well as research and development of new polysaccharide-based drugs.

4.
Neural Netw ; 178: 106483, 2024 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38954893

RESUMO

In reinforcement learning, accurate estimation of the Q-value is crucial for acquiring an optimal policy. However, current successful Actor-Critic methods still suffer from underestimation bias. Additionally, there exists a significant estimation bias, regardless of the method used in the critic initialization phase. To address these challenges and reduce estimation errors, we propose CEILING, a simple and compatible framework that can be applied to any model-free Actor-Critic methods. The core idea of CEILING is to evaluate the superiority of different estimation methods by incorporating the true Q-value, calculated using Monte Carlo, during the training process. CEILING consists of two implementations: the Direct Picking Operation and the Exponential Softmax Weighting Operation. The first implementation selects the optimal method at each fixed step and applies it in subsequent interactions until the next selection. The other implementation utilizes a nonlinear weighting function that dynamically assigns larger weights to more accurate methods. Theoretically, we demonstrate that our methods provide a more accurate and stable Q-value estimation. Additionally, we analyze the upper bound of the estimation bias. Based on two implementations, we propose specific algorithms and their variants, and our methods achieve superior performance on several benchmark tasks.

5.
Redox Biol ; 75: 103260, 2024 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38955114

RESUMO

Tumor metabolic reprogramming requires high levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to maintain treatment resistance, which poses major challenges to chemotherapy and photothermal therapy. Especially, high levels of ATP promote copper ion efflux for limiting the curative effect of cuproptosis. Here, an H2S-responsive mesoporous Cu2Cl(OH)3-loading chemotherapeutic cisplatin (CDDP) was synthesized, and the final nanoparticle, CDDP@Cu2Cl(OH)3-CDs (CDCuCDs), was encapsulated by electrostatic action with carbon dots (CDs). CDCuCDs reacted with overproduction H2S in colon tumor to produce photothermic copper sulfide for photothermal therapy. CDDP was released by lysis to achieve chemotherapeutic effects. Importantly, CDDP elevated H2O2 levels in cells through a cascade reaction and continuously transforms H2O2 into highly cytotoxic •OH through chemodynamic therapy between H2O2 and Cu+, which enables nanoparticles to generate •OH and improve the chemotherapeutic efficacy. Highly toxic •OH disrupts mitochondrial homeostasis, prohibiting it from performing normal energy-supplying functions. Down-regulated ATP inhibits heat shock protein expression, which promotes the therapeutic effect of mild photothermal therapy and reduces the efflux of intracellular copper ions, thus improving the therapeutic effect of cuproptosis. Our research provides a potential therapeutic strategy using overproduction H2S responses in tumors, allowing tumor microenvironment-activated •OH nanogenerators to promote tumor energy remodeling for cancer treatment.

6.
Nat Med ; 2024 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38956195

RESUMO

Recent single-arm studies involving neoadjuvant camrelizumab, a PD-1 inhibitor, plus chemotherapy for resectable locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (LA-ESCC) have shown promising results. This multicenter, randomized, open-label phase 3 trial aimed to further assess the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant camrelizumab plus chemotherapy followed by adjuvant camrelizumab, compared to neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone. A total of 391 patients with resectable thoracic LA-ESCC (T1b-3N1-3M0 or T3N0M0) were stratified by clinical stage (I/II, III or IVA) and randomized in a 1:1:1 ratio to undergo two cycles of neoadjuvant therapy. Treatments included camrelizumab, albumin-bound paclitaxel and cisplatin (Cam+nab-TP group; n = 132); camrelizumab, paclitaxel and cisplatin (Cam+TP group; n = 130); and paclitaxel with cisplatin (TP group; n = 129), followed by surgical resection. Both the Cam+nab-TP and Cam+TP groups also received adjuvant camrelizumab. The dual primary endpoints were the rate of pathological complete response (pCR), as evaluated by a blind independent review committee, and event-free survival (EFS), as assessed by investigators. This study reports the final analysis of pCR rates. In the intention-to-treat population, the Cam+nab-TP and Cam+TP groups exhibited significantly higher pCR rates of 28.0% and 15.4%, respectively, compared to 4.7% in the TP group (Cam+nab-TP versus TP: difference 23.5%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 15.1-32.0, P < 0.0001; Cam+TP versus TP: difference 10.9%, 95% CI 3.7-18.1, P = 0.0034). The study met its primary endpoint of pCR; however, EFS is not yet mature. The incidence of grade ≥3 treatment-related adverse events during neoadjuvant treatment was 34.1% for the Cam+nab-TP group, 29.2% for the Cam+TP group and 28.8% for the TP group; the postoperative complication rates were 34.2%, 38.8% and 32.0%, respectively. Neoadjuvant camrelizumab plus chemotherapy demonstrated superior pCR rates compared to chemotherapy alone for LA-ESCC, with a tolerable safety profile. Chinese Clinical Trial Registry identifier: ChiCTR2000040034 .

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38956908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evodiamine (EVO) is an alkaloid extracted from the dried and nearly ripe fruits of Euodia rutaecarpa and used as an anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-obesity agent. However, robust evidence of preclinical experiments has been lacking so far. Therefore, the purpose of this article was to investigate the effect of EVO in combination with other treatments on tumors in animal experiments. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to assess the anti-tumor effect of evodiamine-combined therapy. The search engine and electronic databases included PubMed, Scopus, China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database (CNKI), and SinoMed. The research method was based on the PRISMA checklist. RESULTS: A total of 7 studies and 108 animals were included. As a result, EVO combined therapy was found to be more effective than EVO monotherapy. The SMD was -25.64(95% CI: -5.77 -3.13) in tumor growth. In tumor weight, the SMD was -8.91(95% CI: -16.37, -1.44). CONCLUSION: EVO has the potential to alleviate the toxicity of chemotherapeutic agents, which increases the translatability to the clinical situation.

8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 15009, 2024 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38951638

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease with intricate pathogenesis and varied presentation. Accurate diagnostic tools are imperative to detect and manage UC. This study sought to construct a robust diagnostic model using gene expression profiles and to identify key genes that differentiate UC patients from healthy controls. Gene expression profiles from eight cohorts, encompassing a total of 335 UC patients and 129 healthy controls, were analyzed. A total of 7530 gene sets were computed using the GSEA method. Subsequent batch correction, PCA plots, and intersection analysis identified crucial pathways and genes. Machine learning, incorporating 101 algorithm combinations, was employed to develop diagnostic models. Verification was done using four external cohorts, adding depth to the sample repertoire. Evaluation of immune cell infiltration was undertaken through single-sample GSEA. All statistical analyses were conducted using R (Version: 4.2.2), with significance set at a P value below 0.05. Employing the GSEA method, 7530 gene sets were computed. From this, 19 intersecting pathways were discerned to be consistently upregulated across all cohorts, which pertained to cell adhesion, development, metabolism, immune response, and protein regulation. This corresponded to 83 unique genes. Machine learning insights culminated in the LASSO regression model, which outperformed others with an average AUC of 0.942. This model's efficacy was further ratified across four external cohorts, with AUC values ranging from 0.694 to 0.873 and significant Kappa statistics indicating its predictive accuracy. The LASSO logistic regression model highlighted 13 genes, with LCN2, ASS1, and IRAK3 emerging as pivotal. Notably, LCN2 showcased significantly heightened expression in active UC patients compared to both non-active patients and healthy controls (P < 0.05). Investigations into the correlation between these genes and immune cell infiltration in UC highlighted activated dendritic cells, with statistically significant positive correlations noted for LCN2 and IRAK3 across multiple datasets. Through comprehensive gene expression analysis and machine learning, a potent LASSO-based diagnostic model for UC was developed. Genes such as LCN2, ASS1, and IRAK3 hold potential as both diagnostic markers and therapeutic targets, offering a promising direction for future UC research and clinical application.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Aprendizado de Máquina , Humanos , Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Colite Ulcerativa/diagnóstico , Algoritmos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Transcriptoma , Quinases Associadas a Receptores de Interleucina-1/genética , Masculino , Feminino , Lipocalina-2/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Biomarcadores , Adulto
9.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 5613, 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38965236

RESUMO

Advancements in CRISPR technology, particularly the development of base editors, revolutionize genetic variant research. When combined with model organisms like zebrafish, base editors significantly accelerate and refine in vivo analysis of genetic variations. However, base editors are restricted by protospacer adjacent motif (PAM) sequences and specific editing windows, hindering their applicability to a broad spectrum of genetic variants. Additionally, base editors can introduce unintended mutations and often exhibit reduced efficiency in living organisms compared to cultured cell lines. Here, we engineer a suite of adenine base editors (ABEs) called ABE-Ultramax (Umax), demonstrating high editing efficiency and low rates of insertions and deletions (indels) in zebrafish. The ABE-Umax suite of editors includes ABEs with shifted, narrowed, or broadened editing windows, reduced bystander mutation frequency, and highly flexible PAM sequence requirements. These advancements have the potential to address previous challenges in disease modeling and advance gene therapy applications.


Assuntos
Adenina , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Edição de Genes , Mutação INDEL , Peixe-Zebra , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Animais , Edição de Genes/métodos , Adenina/metabolismo , RNA Guia de Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , RNA Guia de Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/metabolismo , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Alelos
10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 15403, 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38965327

RESUMO

Cut vertices and cut edges are valuable for analyzing connectivity problems in classical graph theory. However, they cannot deal with certain fuzzy problems. In order to solve this problem, this paper introduces the definitions of fuzzy strong cut vertices and fuzzy strong cut edges, and characterizes fuzzy strong cut vertices and fuzzy strong cut edges in fuzzy trees, complete fuzzy graphs, and fuzzy cycles. Finally, practical applications verify the effectiveness of the theory in network stability analysis.

11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 15122, 2024 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38956289

RESUMO

Natalisin (NTL) is a conserved neuropeptide, only present in insects, that has been reported to regulate their sexual activity. In this study, we investigated the involvement of NTL in the reproductive behaviors of a major invasive pest, Spodoptera frugiperda. We identified NTL precursor-encoded transcripts, and evaluated their transcript levels in different stages and tissues of S. frugiperda. The results showed that the NTL transcript level was expressed in both male and female pupae and both male and female adults in the later stage. It was highly expressed in male pupae, 3-day-old male and female adults, and 5-day-old male adults. In different tissues, the expression level is higher in the male and female adult brain and male testis. Immunohistochemical staining of the brain of S. frugiperda female and male adults revealed that three pairs of brain neurons of S. frugiperda adults of both sexes secreted and expressed NTL. To study the role of NTL in reproductive behaviors, NTL was silenced in S. frugiperda male and female adults by RNA interference (RNAi) technology, the results showed that silencing NTL could significantly affect the sexual activity behavior of the adults, reducing the calling rate of females, the courtship rate of males, and the mating rate. In summary, this study emphasizes the important role of NTL in regulating the mating behavior and sexual activity of S. frugiperda in both male and female adults, potentially laying a foundation to employ NTL as a new insect-specific target to control populations of pest insects.


Assuntos
Neuropeptídeos , Comportamento Sexual Animal , Spodoptera , Animais , Spodoptera/genética , Spodoptera/fisiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Neuropeptídeos/metabolismo , Neuropeptídeos/genética , Comportamento Sexual Animal/fisiologia , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA , Reprodução
12.
Front Pediatr ; 12: 1305639, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38978839

RESUMO

Purpose: Investigate the clinical/hematological characteristics of children infected with the Omicron variant of severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) and identify an effective indicator to distinguish coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) severity in children. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted through electronic medical records from pediatric patients. The demographic, clinical, and routine blood test (RBT) features of children diagnosed by real-time PCR for SARS-CoV-2 were collected. Results: Data of 261 patients were analyzed. The most common abnormality shown by RBTs was increased monocyte count (68%). Children had "mild-moderate" or "severe" forms of COVID-19. Prevalence of abnormal neutrophil count (p = 0.048), eosinophil count (p = 0.006), mean corpuscular volume (p = 0.033), mean platelet volume (p = 0.006), platelet-large cell ratio (p = 0.043), and red blood cell distribution width-standard deviation (p = 0.031) were significantly different in the two types. A combination of the neutrophil: lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and eosinophil count for diagnosing severe COVID-19 presented the largest AUC (0.688, 95% CI = 0.599-0.777; p < 0.001), and the AUC increased with a decrease in age. Conclusions: Combination of the NLR and eosinophil count might be a promising indicator for identifying severe COVID-19 in children at infection onset.

13.
Chin J Cancer Res ; 36(3): 282-297, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38988485

RESUMO

Objective: The clinical significance of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) in breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and prostate cancer has been established, but the value of HRD in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been fully investigated. This study aimed to systematically analyze the HRD status of untreated NSCLC and its relationship with patient prognosis to further guide clinical care. Methods: A total of 355 treatment-naïve NSCLC patients were retrospectively enrolled. HRD status was assessed using the AmoyDx Genomic Scar Score (GSS), with a score of ≥50 considered HRD-positive. Genomic, transcriptomic, tumor microenvironmental characteristics and prognosis between HRD-positive and HRD-negative patients were analyzed. Results: Of the patients, 25.1% (89/355) were HRD-positive. Compared to HRD-negative patients, HRD-positive patients had more somatic pathogenic homologous recombination repair (HRR) mutations, higher tumor mutation burden (TMB) (P<0.001), and fewer driver gene mutations (P<0.001). Furthermore, HRD-positive NSCLC had more amplifications in PI3K pathway and cell cycle genes, MET and MYC in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) mutant NSCLC, and more PIK3CA and AURKA in EGFR/ALK wild-type NSCLC. HRD-positive NSCLC displayed higher tumor proliferation and immunosuppression activity. HRD-negative NSCLC showed activated signatures of major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-II, interferon (IFN)-γ and effector memory CD8+ T cells. HRD-positive patients had a worse prognosis and shorter progression-free survival (PFS) to targeted therapy (first- and third-generation EGFR-TKIs) (P=0.042). Additionally, HRD-positive, EGFR/ALK wild-type patients showed a numerically lower response to platinum-free immunotherapy regimens. Conclusions: Unique genomic and transcriptional characteristics were found in HRD-positive NSCLC. Poor prognosis and poor response to EGFR-TKIs and immunotherapy were observed in HRD-positive NSCLC. This study highlights potential actionable alterations in HRD-positive NSCLC, suggesting possible combinational therapeutic strategies for these patients.

14.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1415365, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38989030

RESUMO

Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) infected mice have been often used as an animal model for Multiple sclerosis (MS) due to their similar pathology in the central nervous system (CNS). So far, there has been no effective treatment or medicine to cure MS completely. The drugs used in the clinic can only reduce the symptoms of MS, delay its recurrence, and increase the interval between relapses. MS can be caused by many factors, and clinically MS drugs are used to treat MS regardless of what factors are caused rather than MS caused by a specific factor. This can lead to inappropriate medicine, which may be one of the reasons why MS has not been completely cured. Therefore, this review summarized the drugs investigated in the TMEV-induced disease (TMEV-IDD) model of MS, so as to provide medication guidance and theoretical basis for the treatment of virus-induced MS.

15.
J Gynecol Oncol ; 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38991946

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the fluctuations of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and their relationships with cytokines in the peripheral blood of patients undergoing chemotherapy for ovarian cancer (OC). METHODS: PROs burden was prospectively measured by the M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory-Ovarian Cancer (MDASI-OC) at baseline before chemotherapy, on a daily basis during and post-chemotherapy days (PCD) 7, 14, and 20. Cytokines were collected at baseline, days prior to hospital discharge and PCD 20. Pearson correlation was used to explore the associations between PROs and cytokines levels in peripheral blood. RESULTS: The top 8 rated symptoms were compared between the neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) group (n=20) and the postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy (PAC) group (n=7). Before chemotherapy, the mean scores of fatigue and lack of appetite in the NACT group were higher than those in the PAC group. After chemotherapy, pain, nausea, vomiting, disturbed sleep, lack of appetite, and constipation increased to peak during PCD 2-6; while, fatigue and numbness or tingling remained at high levels over PCD 2-13. By PCD 20, disturbed sleep and fatigue showed a significant increase in mean scores, particularly in the NACT group; while, other symptom scores decreased and returned to baseline levels. Additionally, the longitudinal fluctuations in pain, fatigue, and lack of appetite were positively associated with circulating levels of interleukin-6 and interferon gamma (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: MDASI-OC was feasible and adaptable for demonstrating the fluctuations of symptom burden throughout chemotherapy course. Moreover, symptoms changing along with cytokines levels could provide clues for exploring mechanism underlying biochemical etiology.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38994586

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations of fish oil supplementation and plasma omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) with risks of macrovascular and microvascular complications among people with type 2 diabetes, and to further explore the potential mediating role of metabolism-related biomarkers. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study included 20,338 participants with type 2 diabetes from UK Biobank. Diabetic complications were identified through hospital inpatient records. RESULTS: During 13.2 years of follow-up, 5,396 people developed macrovascular complications, and 4,868 people developed microvascular complications. After multivariable adjustment, hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for patients with fish oil were 0.90 (0.85, 0.97) for composite macrovascular complications, 0.91 (0.84, 0.98) for coronary heart disease (CHD), 0.72 (0.61, 0.83) for peripheral artery disease; and 0.89 (0.83, 0.95) for composite microvascular complications, 0.87 (0.79, 0.95) for diabetic kidney disease, and 0.88 (0.80, 0.97) for diabetic retinopathy. In addition, higher n-3 PUFA levels, especially docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), were associated with lower risks of macrovascular and microvascular complications. Comparing extreme quartiles of plasma DHA, the HRs (95% CIs) were 0.68 (0.57, 0.81) for composite macrovascular complications, 0.63 (0.51, 0.77) for CHD; and 0.59 (0.38, 0.91) for diabetic neuropathy. Moreover, biomarkers including lipid profile and inflammation collectively explained 54.4% and 63.1% of associations of plasma DHA with risks of composite macrovascular complications and CHD. CONCLUSIONS: Habitual use of fish oil supplementation and higher plasma n-3 PUFA levels, especially DHA, were associated with lower risks of macrovascular and microvascular complications among individuals with type 2 diabetes, and the favorable associations were partially mediated through improving biomarkers of lipid profile and inflammation.

17.
Org Lett ; 26(27): 5625-5629, 2024 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38953484

RESUMO

A palladium-catalyzed cascade carbonylation reaction of 2-bromo-N-(2-iodophenyl)benzamides with benzylidenecyclopropanes for the synthesis of fused isoindolinone derivatives has been developed. A broad range of 6/5/6/6 tetracyclic isoindolinone products were efficiently prepared in moderate to good yields with diverse substitution. Two carbonyl groups were incorporated into the substrates in a single step with the formation of four carbon-carbon bonds and two carbon-heteroatom bonds.

18.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 41(7): 821-824, 2024 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38946365

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic basis for a child featuring facial dysmorphism and intellectual disabilities. METHODS: A child who was diagnosed at Linyi People's Hospital on January 5 2023 due to "mental retardation" was selected as the study subject. Peripheral blood samples of the child and his parents, in addition with an amniotic fluid sample from the his mother were collected for the extraction of genomic DNA. Whole exome sequencing was carried out for the child, and candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing of his family members. RESULTS: The child was found to harbor a hemizygous c.1123dupG (p.E375Gfs*4) variant of the NEXMIF gene, for which both of his parents and the fetus were of the wild type. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the variant was predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PS2-P+PM2-P). A healthy infant was subsequently born. CONCLUSION: The hemizygous c.1123dupG (p.E375Gfs*4) variant of the NEXMIF gene probably underlay the disease in this child. Based on his clinical phenotype and genotype, the child was ultimately diagnosed with X-linked intellectual developmental disorder-98. Above finding has also enriched the mutational spectrum of the NEXMIF gene.


Assuntos
Deficiência Intelectual , Humanos , Masculino , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Deficiência Intelectual Ligada ao Cromossomo X/genética , Mutação , Sequenciamento do Exoma , Testes Genéticos , Feminino , Criança , Linhagem , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952104

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To explore the factors affecting mild cognitive impairment in patients with chronic kidney disease who are not undergoing dialysis, and to construct and validate a nomogram risk prediction model. METHODS: Using a convenience sampling method, 383 non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients from two tertiary hospitals in Chengdu were selected between February 2023 and August 2023 to form the modeling group. The patients were divided into a mild cognitive impairment group (n=192) and a non-mild cognitive impairment group (n=191), and factors such as demographics, disease data, and sleep disorders were compared between the two groups. Univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analyses were used to identify independent influencing factors, followed by collinearity testing, and construction of the regression model. The final risk prediction model was presented through a nomogram and an online calculator, with internal validation using Bootstrap sampling. For external validation, 137 non-dialysis CKD patients from another tertiary hospital in Chengdu were selected between October 2023 and December 2023. RESULTS: In the modeling group, 192 (50.1%) of the non-dialysis CKD patients developed mild cognitive impairment, and in the validation group, 56 (40.9%) patients developed mild cognitive impairment, totaling 248 (47.7%) of all sampled non-dialysis CKD patients. Age, educational level, Occupation status, Use of smartphone, sleep disorders, hemoglobin, and platelet count were independent factors influencing the occurrence of mild cognitive impairment in non-dialysis CKD patients (all P<0.05). The model evaluation showed an area under the ROC curve of 0.928, 95%CI (0.902, 0.953) in the modeling group, and 0.897, 95%CI (0.844, 0.950) in the validation group. The model's Youden index was 0.707, with an optimal cutoff value of 0.494, sensitivity of 0.853, and specificity of 0.854, indicating good predictive performance; calibration curves, Hosmer-Lemeshow test, and clinical decision curves indicated good calibration and clinical benefit. Internal validation results showed a consistency index (C-index) of 0.928, 95%CI (0.902, 0.953). CONCLUSION: The risk prediction model developed in this study shows excellent performance, demonstrating significant predictive potential for early screening of mild cognitive impairment in non-dialysis chronic kidney disease patients. The application of this model will provide a reference for healthcare professionals, helping them formulate more targeted intervention strategies to optimize patient treatment and management outcomes.

20.
Aging Med (Milton) ; 7(3): 360-367, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38975299

RESUMO

Objective: Incontinence seriously affects the lives of middle-aged and older people. Pelvic floor muscle assessment is very important for incontinence, and handgrip strength can be used as an auxiliary diagnostic tool. Our study aims to find new cutoff points of handgrip strength as early indicators of incontinence and analyze the association between low handgrip strength and incontinence among Chinese middle-aged and older people. Methods: Participants were recruited from the 2015 China Health and Retirement Longevity Study. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to find the handgrip strength cutoff point. Logistic regression analysis was performed to explore other incontinence-related risk factors. Results: The study included 10,229 middle-aged and older people. Compared with normal handgrip strength participants, medium strength participants had 1.510 [men, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.017-2.243] and 1.792 (women, 95% CI = 1.294-2.480) times greater risk of incontinence, and low strength participants had 2.420 (men, 95% CI = 1.787-3.277) and 1.516 (women, 95% CI = 1.130-2.032) times greater risk of incontinence. Trend test results showed that the risk of incontinence increased with decreasing handgrip strength in middle-aged and older people. Conclusions: Our study suggests that handgrip strength < 31 kg in men and < 20.5 kg in women is significantly associated with higher risk of incontinence in Chinese middle-aged and older people. The risk of incontinence increases with decreasing handgrip strength. Handgrip strength should be measured in routine physical examinations in middle-aged and older people for timely assessment and intervention in incontinence.

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