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2.
Biotechnol Lett ; 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040675

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Following a specific number of mitotic divisions, primary chondrocytes undergo proliferative senescence, thwarting efforts to expand sufficient populations in vitro suitable to meet the needs of scientific research or medical therapies. Therefore, the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) was used to immortalize human chondrocyte and establish a cell line that escape from cellular senescence. RESULTS: The human chondrocytes were successfully immortalized by ectopic stable expression of TERT. The established TERT-Chondrocyte cell line showed robust proliferation capacity, even in late passages up to P20, and displayed little cellular senescence. Moreover, TERT-Chondrocyte cells at 20th passage showed similar chondrocyte properties to normal chondrocytes at early passages. CONCLUSIONS: Ectopic stable expression of TERT is an effective way to immortalized human chondrocyte. The immortalized chondrocytes displayed little cellular senescence, showed promise as an in vitro model to investigate osteoarthritis, and may be a promising resource for cell-based therapy for damaged cartilage.

3.
J Med Toxicol ; 16(1): 71-74, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713176

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Kratom is derived from the plant Mitragyna speciosa which is indigenous to Southeast Asia. Active compounds, mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine, cause mild stimulant and opioid agonist effects. Although reported to have potential benefits in the treatment of opioid use disorder, efficacy remains uncertain while adverse health effects have been reported. A compounding concern is the presence of adulterants given that this is an unregulated product. CASE DETAILS: A 54-year-old fitness instructor who used an online purchased kratom product regularly for one year developed stimulatory effects and suffered a large hemorrhagic stroke with a close temporal relationship to ingestion of a different kratom product from the one he regularly used. A collaborative investigation by medical toxicologists, a regional poison center, the state public health laboratory, and public health officials determined that his new kratom product was adulterated with phenylethylamine (PEA). DISCUSSION: We report a case of PEA adulterated kratom purchased and used with resultant adverse effects. PEA is structurally similar to amphetamine and is known to produce sympathomimetic effects. It is possible the stimulatory effect of PEA resulted in a marked and transient increase in blood pressure resulting in hemorrhagic stroke. CONCLUSION: Medical toxicologists should form working relationships with laboratories and public health officials to aid in early identification of adulterated products that carry risk to the general population.

4.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 31(1): 54-65, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604808

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) might offer a promising strategy for treating SLE, their immunoregulatory plasticity makes their therapeutic effects unpredictable. Whether overexpressing IL-37, an IL-1 family member with immunosuppressive activity, might enhance the therapeutic effects of these cells for SLE is unknown. METHODS: We genetically modified MSCs to overexpress IL-37 and assessed their effects on immune suppression in vitro. We also evaluated the effects of such cells versus effects of various controls after transplanting them into MRL/lpr mice (model of SLE). RESULTS: Stem cell characteristics did not appear altered in MSCs overexpressing IL-37. These cells had enhanced immunosuppression in vitro in terms of inhibiting splenocyte proliferation, reducing proinflammatory factors (IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-17, and IL-6), and suppressing autoantibodies (anti-dsDNA and anti-ANA). Compared with animals receiving control MSCs or IL-37 treatment alone, MRL/lpr mice transplanted with IL-37-overexpressing cells displayed improved survival and reduced signs of SLE (indicated by urine protein levels, spleen weight, and renal pathologic scores); they also had significantly lower expression of proinflammatory factors, lower total antibody levels in serum and urine, lower autoantibody production, and showed reduced T cell numbers in the serum and kidney. Expression of IL-37 by MSCs can maintain higher serum levels of IL-37, and MSCs had prolonged survival after transplantation, perhaps through IL-37 suppressing the inflammatory microenvironment. CONCLUSIONS: Mutually reinforcing interaction between MSCs and IL-37 appears to underlie their additive therapeutic effects. Genetic modification to overexpress IL-37 might offer a way to enhance the stability and effectiveness of MSCs in treating SLE.

5.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 521(2): 449-456, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676068

RESUMO

Acute liver failure (ALF) can be the consequence of various etiologies, which immune response plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis. For the diversity of etiologies, more animal models are still needed in this field. Here, we developed a new acute liver injury mouse model induced by a fungal lectin AAGL (Agrocybe aegerita galectin). Intravenous injection of AAGL could induce the infiltration and activation of T, NKT and NK cells in liver and T cell played an important role in the pathogenesis. However, compared with the widely used concanavalin A model, AAGL model showed different immune mechanism. Transcriptome analysis of live tissue suggested that inflammation mediated by chemokine and cytokine signaling pathway was different between AAGL and Con A model. Fluorescent quantitative PCR verification assay showed that IL-1ß was expressed much higher in AAGL-treated mice and anti-IL-1ß could ameliorate AAGL-induced liver injury by inhibiting NF-κB and p38 signaling pathway. The expression of CXCL9 which was responsible for T cell infiltration in liver was also inhibited in AAGL model. We found a critical role of IL-1ß in the pathogenesis of AAGL model through recruiting T cells to liver, which highlighted that IL-1ß antibody might be a candidate therapy for ALF.

6.
Cell Rep ; 29(13): 4422-4434.e13, 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875550

RESUMO

RNA polymerase II transcripts receive a protective 5',5'-triphosphate-linked 7-methylguanosine (m7G) cap, and its removal by decapping enzymes like DCP2 is critical for initiation of RNA decay. Alternative RNA caps can be acquired when transcription initiation uses metabolites like nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), generating NAD-RNAs. Here, we identify human NUDT12 as a cytosolic NAD-RNA decapping enzyme. NUDT12 is active only as homodimers, with each monomer contributing to creation of the two functional catalytic pockets. We identify an ∼600-kDa dodecamer complex between bleomycin hydrolase (BLMH) and NUDT12, with BLMH being required for localization of NUDT12 to a few discrete cytoplasmic granules that are distinct from P-bodies. Both proteins downregulate gene expression when artificially tethered to a reporter RNA in vivo. Furthermore, loss of Nudt12 results in a significant upregulation of circadian clock transcripts in mouse liver. Overall, our study points to a physiological role for NUDT12 in the cytosolic surveillance of NAD-RNAs.

7.
Chemistry ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774593

RESUMO

Facile fabrication of nanocatalysts consisting of metal nanoparticles (NPs) anchored on functional supporter is highly desirable, yet remains challenging. Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) provide an emerging materials platform for structural control and functional design. Here, we demonstrate a facile one-pot in situ reduction approach for the encapsulation of small Pd NPs into the shell of COF-derived hollow polyamine spheres (Pd@H-PPA). In the one-pot synthetic process, the nucleation and growth of Pd NPs in the cavities of the porous shell take place simultaneously with the reduction of imine linkages to secondary amine groups. Pd@H-PPA shows a significantly enhanced catalytic activity and recyclability in the tandem dehydrogenation of ammonia borane and selective hydrogenation of nitroarenes through an adsorption-activation-reaction mechanism. The strong interactions of the secondary amine linkage with borane and nitroarene molecules afford a positive synergy to promote the catalytic reaction. Moreover, the hierarchical structure of Pd@H-PPA allows the accessibility of active Pd NPs to reactants.

8.
Molecules ; 24(22)2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703405

RESUMO

A simple, sensitive and effective magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) technique was developed for the extraction of pyrethroid pesticides from environmental water samples, followed by gas chromatography tandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry determination. An adsorbent of magnetic zeolitic imidazolate framework-8@deep eutectic solvent (M-ZIF-8@DES) was prepared using deep eutectic solvent coated on the surface of M-ZIF-8. The features of M-ZIF-8@DES were confirmed by material characterizations, and the results indicated that M-ZIF-8@DES has a good magnetism (61.3 emu g-1), a decent surface area (96.83 m2 g-1) and pore volume (0.292 mL g-1). Single factor experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of different conditions on the performance of MSPE. Under the optimal conditions, the developed method performs good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.9916) in the concentration range of 1-500 µg L-1. The limits of detection were in the range of 0.05-0.21 µg L-1 (signal/noise = 3/1). The intraday relative standard deviation (RSD) and interday RSD were less than 9.40%. Finally, the proposed technique was applied for the determination of pyrethroid pesticides in environmental water samples. This work shows the potential of DES-modified metal-organic frameworks for different sample pretreatment techniques.

9.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 865: 172794, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733213

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is a bone disease characterized by microarchitectural deterioration, low bone mass, and increased risk of fractures. Icariin (ICA), an active flavonoid glucoside isolated from Herba epimedii (HEF), is a potent stimulator of osteogenic differentiation and has potential applications for preventing bone loss in postmenopausal women. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the osteogenic effect of ICA has not yet been fully elucidated. In this study, we report that ICA treatment significantly elevated gene expression of osteogenic markers and increased alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in MC3T3-E1 and C3H10T1/2 cells. RNA sequencing revealed that the expression of several genes involved in the Notch pathway was decreased following ICA treatment. Real-time PCR further demonstrated that the mRNA levels of Notch ligands Jagged-1 (Jag1), lunatic fringe (Lfng), and Notch signaling downstream target gene Hey-1 were significantly decreased following ICA treatment. In addition, we found that constitutive activation of Notch signaling through overexpression of the intracellular domain of Notch (NICD) fully blocked ICA-induced osteoblast differentiation. Moreover, inhibiting Notch signaling with DAPT markedly enhanced osteogenic differentiation following ICA treatment. We found that the mRNA levels of Notch pathway molecules (Lfng, Notch1, Rbpjk and Nfatc1) were increased in ovariectomized (OVX) mice, and administration of ICA significantly decreased the expression of these genes. Our results suggest that ICA promotes osteogenic differentiation in vitro and alleviates osteoporosis in vivo through inhibition of the Notch signaling pathway.

10.
J Food Sci ; 84(11): 3296-3302, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589343

RESUMO

Carbofuran residue in vegetables is a concern to human health. Direct competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (dcELISA) and dipstick immunoassay were developed in the present study. The dcELISA showed a 50% inhibition concentration (IC50 ) and working range of 1.3 and 0.2 to 7.5 ng/mL, respectively, while the cutoff value of dipstick immunoassay was 20 ng/mL. Applying the two immunoassays, we achieved the goal of rapid screening of carbofuran residue in commercial vegetables with a simple sample processing method. Among 46 leek, 39 potato, and 39 sweet potato samples, carbofuran residue was detected in 22% of the leek samples, and two samples exceeded the maximum residue limit of China (0.02 mg/kg). In addition, carbofuran residue was found at less than 2.5 ng/g in one potato and one sweet potato samples. The residual level of carbofuran measured by immunoassays agreed well with those determined by ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. To ensure food safety and human health, it is greatly necessary and meaningful to monitor carbofuran residue in commercial vegetables. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Rapid monitoring of carbofuran residue in vegetables is very necessary and important for consumers, regulatory agencies, and food industry.


Assuntos
Carbofurano/análise , Resíduos de Drogas/análise , Imunoensaio/métodos , Inseticidas/análise , Verduras/química , China , Cromatografia Líquida , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Humanos
11.
Cannabis Cannabinoid Res ; 4(3): 195-203, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559335

RESUMO

Introduction: In the United States, medical marijuana programs have been established in 29 states and the District of Columbia. In 2014, New York State (NYS) approved medical marijuana legislation, and its program became fully operational in January of 2016. Products manufactured under the auspices of the program may be used by certified patients in NYS for the treatment of 1 of 12 qualifying medical conditions. The NYS statute requires rigorous testing of each product lot manufactured in the state for its cannabinoid profile, bacterial and fungal contamination, mycotoxins, heavy metals, plant-growth regulators, and pesticides. Here, we report on the analysis of product cannabinoid profiles. Methods: A method employing a simple extraction/dilution technique and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection (HPLC-PDA) was developed for the analysis of 10 cannabinoids: cannabidiolic acid, cannabigerolic acid, cannabigerol, cannabidiol (CBD), tetrahydrocannabivarin, cannabinol, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), cannabichromene, cannabidivarin, and Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid-A. The method employed internal standard quantitation and incorporated a surrogate to monitor extraction efficiency and analytical recovery. Results: The HPLC-PDA method was validated using sample matrices composed of medium-chain triglycerides, hemp oil, sesame oil, and an ethanol-propylene glycol tincture. Limits of detection, limits of quantitation, accuracy, precision, and inter- and intraday reproducibility were found to be highly satisfactory. The validated method has been used to analyze over 3500 samples from over 700 lots of medical marijuana products manufactured in NYS from January 2016 through April 2018. Quality-control data showed quantitative spike recoveries and, for the analysis of samples from the same lot, the coefficients of variation for the principal analytes, Δ9-THC and CBD, averaged <3%. Using the HPLC-PDA method, the NYS medical marijuana products were analyzed to verify the potencies on the product labels and to determine the stability of the products. Conclusions: An HPLC-PDA-based method was developed, validated, and employed to analyze 10 cannabinoids in a variety of medical marijuana products. The method has proven to be accurate, precise, stable, and very robust. Its use is an integral part of the NYS Medical Marijuana program for validation of the content and consistency of medical marijuana products.

12.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(17): 6614-6615, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487689
13.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 183: 109546, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437727

RESUMO

A ß-cyclodextrin-functionalized magnetic zinc-metal organic framework (M-MOF/ß-CD) was synthesized via a facile one-pot reaction. M-MOF/ß-CD was used as a magnetic porous absorbent for the extraction and determination of prochloraz and three triazole fungicides in vegetable samples. M-MOF/ß-CD was prepared by creating MOF layers on the surface of a Fe3O4-graphene oxide (GO) nanocomposite and bonding them with ß-CD molecules. Characterization suggested that a 3D porous structure was formed, with M-MOF/ß-CD exhibiting high superparamagnetism and a large surface area. As a new strategy, integrating MOFs with Fe3O4-GO could improve their water-resistance and mechanical strength by providing a rigid nanosupport interface. Combining M-MOF and ß-CD resulted in excellent selective adsorption capacities for prochloraz and three triazole fungicides. The static adsorption process was evaluated and the results were in good agreement with the Freundlich model. Subsequently, M-MOF/ß-CD was applied to extracting prochloraz and triazole fungicides from tomato and lettuce vegetables, followed by HPLC-MS/MS determination. The limits of detection for the above fungicides were found to be 0.25-1.0 µg/L at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3, with spiked recoveries of 74.13%-119.83%, indicating that M-MOF/ß-CD was promising for application to the extraction and determination of fungicides in complex matrices.


Assuntos
Fungicidas Industriais/análise , Imidazóis/análise , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Triazóis/análise , Verduras/química , beta-Ciclodextrinas/química , Adsorção , Grafite/química , Limite de Detecção , Nanocompostos/química , Porosidade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Propriedades de Superfície
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(14)2019 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373312

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy is increasingly recognized as a major contributor to kidney failure in patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes. This study was designed to identify the molecular mediators of kidney injury associated with metabolic syndrome with or without hyperglycemia. We compared renal gene expression profiles in Zucker lean (ZL), Zucker obese (ZO), and Zucker diabetic (ZD) rats using cDNA microarray with quantitative verification of selected transcripts by real-time PCR. Compared to the 20-week-old ZL control (glucose: 110 ± 8 mg/dL), both prediabetic ZO (glucose: 157 ± 11 mg/dL) and diabetic ZD (glucose: 481 ± 37 mg/dL) rats displayed hyperlipidemia and kidney injury with a high degree of proteinuria. cDNA microarray identified 25 inflammation and injury-related transcriptomes whose expression levels were similarly increased in ZO and ZD kidneys. Among them, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) was found to be the most highly upregulated in both ZO and ZD kidneys. Immunofluorescence staining of kidney sections revealed a strong correlation between lipid overload and KIM-1 upregulation in proximal tubules of ZO and ZD rats. In cultured primary renal tubular epithelial cells (TECs), administration of saturated fatty acid palmitate resulted in an upregulation of KIM-1, osteopontin, and CD44, which was greatly attenuated by U0126, an inhibitor of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2. Moreover, knockdown of KIM-1 by siRNA interference inhibited palmitate-induced cleaved caspase-3, osteopontin, and CD44 proteins in primary TECs. Our results indicate that KIM-1 expression is upregulated in renal lipotoxicity and may play an important role in fatty acid-induced inflammation and tubular cell damage in obesity and diabetic kidney disease.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Nefropatias Diabéticas/patologia , Hiperlipidemias/patologia , Túbulos Renais/patologia , Obesidade/patologia , Animais , Caspase 3/biossíntese , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Receptores de Hialuronatos/biossíntese , Hiperglicemia/patologia , Hiperlipidemias/sangue , Túbulos Renais/lesões , Síndrome Metabólica/patologia , Osteopontina/biossíntese , Palmitatos/toxicidade , Proteinúria/urina , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Ratos , Ratos Zucker , Transcriptoma/genética
15.
Molecules ; 24(15)2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362458

RESUMO

As persistent organic pollutants, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs) and their metabolites pose considerable risks to human health and the environment. Therefore, monitoring DDTs in the environment is essential. Here, we developed a green, simple, and effective magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) method coupled with gas chromatography tandem triple-quadrupole mass spectrometry to determine the DDT content of environmental water samples. A magnetic ionic liquid (IL) adsorbent was developed based on a modified magnetic multiwalled carbon nanotube/zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (MM/ZIF-8/IL), synthesized by immobilizing the IL on the surface of MM/ZIF-8. We confirmed successful synthesis of MM/ZIF-8/IL by material characterization, and our results suggested that the MM/ZIF-8/IL had a high Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area (159.9 m2 g-1), good thermostability (<800 °C), and a high degree of superparamagnetism (52.9 emu g-1). Several experimental conditions affecting the MSPE efficiency were optimized. Under the best conditions, good detection linearity was achieved (0.5-500 µg L-1) with determination coefficients ranging from 0.9927 to 0.9971. The lower limits of detection (0.0016-0.0072 µg L-1) also had good precision, having an intraday relative standard deviation (RSD) ≤ 6.5% and an interday RSD ≤ 8.9%. Finally, we used the as-developed method to determine DDT levels in environmental water samples.


Assuntos
DDT/química , DDT/isolamento & purificação , Líquidos Iônicos , Magnetismo , Nanotubos de Carbono , Extração em Fase Sólida , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Zeolitas/química
16.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(7)2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323858

RESUMO

Molecular imprinting technology (MIT), also known as molecular template technology, is a new technology involving material chemistry, polymer chemistry, biochemistry, and other multi-disciplinary approaches. This technology is used to realize the unique recognition ability of three-dimensional crosslinked polymers, called the molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs). MIPs demonstrate a wide range of applicability, good plasticity, stability, and high selectivity, and their internal recognition sites can be selectively combined with template molecules to achieve selective recognition. A molecularly imprinted fluorescence sensor (MIFs) incorporates fluorescent materials (fluorescein or fluorescent nanoparticles) into a molecularly imprinted polymer synthesis system and transforms the binding sites between target molecules and molecularly imprinted materials into readable fluorescence signals. This sensor demonstrates the advantages of high sensitivity and selectivity of fluorescence detection. Molecularly imprinted materials demonstrate considerable research significance and broad application prospects. They are a research hotspot in the field of food and environment safety sensing analysis. In this study, the progress in the construction and application of MIFs was reviewed with emphasis on the preparation principle, detection methods, and molecular recognition mechanism. The applications of MIFs in food and environment safety detection in recent years were summarized, and the research trends and development prospects of MIFs were discussed.

17.
Glycobiology ; 29(11): 755-764, 2019 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31360991

RESUMO

Fucosylated chondroitin sulfates (FCSs) from sea cucumbers have repetitive structures that exhibit minor structural differences based on the organism from which they are recovered. A detailed characterization of FCSs and their derivatives is important to establish their structure-activity relationship in the development of new anticoagulant drugs. In the current study, online hydrophilic interaction chromatography-Fourier transform mass spectrometry (FTMS) was applied to analyze the FCS oligosaccharides generated by selective degradation from four species of sea cucumbers, Isostichopus badionotus, Pearsonothuria graeffei, Holothuria mexicana and Acaudina molpadioides. These depolymerized FCS fragments were quantified and compared using the glycomics software package, GlycReSoft. The quantified fragments mainly had trisaccharide-repeating compositions and showed significant differences in fucosylation (including its sulfation) among different species of sea cucumbers. Detailed analysis of FTMS ion peaks and top-down nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of native FCS polysaccharides verified the accuracy of this method. Thus, a new structural model for FCS chains from these different sea cucumbers was defined. This bottom-up approach provides rich detailed structural analysis and provides quantitative information with high accuracy and reproducibility and should be suitable for the quality control in FCSs as well as their oligosaccharides.

18.
Environ Pollut ; 252(Pt A): 420-426, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31158670

RESUMO

Microplastics have been found to adhere to the surface of specific tissues or organs other than being ingested by the organisms. To further test the hypothesis that microplastics might get into specific body parts of organisms, mussel byssus was chosen as a target subject in the present study. In the field investigation, microplastics were found in mussel byssus, and the abundance of microplastics was 0.85-1.02 items/individual mussel and 3.69-9.16 items/g byssus, but the location of microplastics in byssus was not easily determined. Therefore, we simulated environmental conditions in the laboratory for mussels to form fresh byssus in the presence of microplastics. Three types of man-made microplastics (Polystyrene beads, Polyamide fragments, and Polyester fibers) were found in newly formed byssus of mussels after exposure to these test materials. We observed that microplastics not only adhered to the surface but also fused into the byssus of mussels. Since byssus is important for the well-being of mussels, the incorporation of microplastics into the byssus might impair the function of byssus. To the authors' best knowledge, this is the first study to show that microplastics can contact and fuse with the byssus of mussels during their formation, suggesting possible alternations for mussels to grip and interact with microplastics in the aquatic environments.


Assuntos
Bivalves/química , Modelos Teóricos , Plásticos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Animais , Alimentos Marinhos
19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(25): 22621-22627, 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31149795

RESUMO

In recent years, carbon quantum dots (CQDs) have been extensively investigated in many fields because of their incomparable and unique properties. However, the application of CQDs in the electrochemical field meets a big challenge due to their low specific capacitance. It is very important to improve the electrochemical performance of CQDs. In this study, a facile synthesis method was developed to synthesize CQD@PANI nanoparticles. The CQD@PANI nanoparticles were prepared via a precise quantitative adsorption polymerization method. TEM results showed that the PANI shell thickness could be adjusted by controlling the additive amount of aniline. Cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge/discharge results showed that the electrochemical properties of CQDs have been significantly improved by coating PANI.

20.
Environ Pollut ; 252(Pt A): 689-696, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185358

RESUMO

Reduced graphene oxide (rGO) is one of the most widely used carbon nanomaterials. When it is released into the environment, rGO can markedly affect the transformation of many pollutants, and change their fate and risk. In this work, the synergetic effects of rGO and Cu(II) on the oxidation of 2-naphthol were examined in water in the dark. It was found that the coexistence of rGO and Cu(II) significantly promoted the oxidation of 2-naphthol. Corresponding products were identified as the coupling oligomers of 2-naphthol (dimer, trimer and tetramer) and hydroxylated compounds (OH-2-naphthol, OH-dimer, di-OH-dimer and naphthoquinone derivatives). In the oxidation reaction, rGO played dual roles, i.e. adsorbent and electron-transfer mediator. rGO firstly adsorbed Cu(II) and 2-naphthol on its surface, and then transferred electrons from 2-naphthol to Cu(II) to yield 2-naphthol radicals and Cu(I). 2-Naphthol radicals coupled to each other to form different oligomers of 2-naphthol. Cu(I) was re-oxidized back to Cu(II) by dissolved oxygen, which sustained the continuous oxidation of 2-naphthol. During the autoxidation of Cu(I), reactive oxygen species were generated, which further reacted with 2-naphthol to form hydroxylated products. These findings provide new insights into the risk assessment of rGO and 2-naphthol in aquatic environments.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Grafite/química , Nanoestruturas , Naftóis/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Adsorção , Cobre/análise , Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental , Grafite/análise , Naftóis/análise , Oxirredução , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/análise , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/química , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
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