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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(7)2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32244328

RESUMO

The duck Tembusu virus (DTMUV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus. It causes severe symptoms of egg-drop, as well as neurological symptoms and brain damage in ducks. However, the specific molecular mechanisms of DTMUV-induced neurovirulence and host responses in the brain remain obscure. To better understand the host-pathogen and neuro-immune interactions of DTMUV infection, we conducted high-throughput RNA-sequencing to reveal the transcriptome profiles of DTMUV-infected duck brain. Totals of 117, 212, and 150 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified at 12, 24, and 48 h post infection (hpi). Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses uncovered genes and pathways related to the nervous system and immune responses in duck brain. Neuro-related genes, including WNT3A, GATA3, and CHRNA6, were found to be significantly downregulated. RIG-I-like receptors (DHX58, IFIH1) and Toll-like receptors (TLR2 and TLR3) were activated, inducing the expression of 22 interferon stimulated genes (ISGs) and antigen-processing and -presenting genes (TAP1 and TAP2) in the brain. Our research provides comprehensive information for the molecular mechanisms of neuro-immune and host-pathogen interactions of DTMUV.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32239598

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Left bundle branch pacing (LBBP) is a promising new method for patients with pacing indications. This study aims to evaluate the safety and feasibility of LBBP in a relatively longer time span. METHODS AND RESULTS: 164 patients were recruited for LBBP in this study. Among these patients, 148 patients had pacing indications due to symptomatic bradycardia while the other 16 patients had indications for cardiac resynchronization therapy(CRT). LBBP was successful in 89.0% (146/164) of all recruited patients. Intracardiac and surface electrographic parameters and image data were documented during LBBP procedure. The mean paced QRS duration (pQRSD) and the mean stimulus to left ventricular activation time (stim-LVAT) was 106.0+12.9ms and 64.4+13.7ms, respectively. Left bundle branch (LBB) potentials were recorded in 89 patients. 43 of whom had sick sinus syndrome (SSS), and 46 had atrioventricular block (AVB). Presence of LBB potential was more common in patients with SSS (82.7% vs 57.5%, P=0.002). No significant differences in pQRSD, stim-LVAT or capture threshold were detected between patient groups with or without LBB potential. Patients were followed up at 1 month, 3months, 6months and 1year after the procedure. Pacing parameters and the echocardiographic data remained stable within a mean follow-up period of 8.6+4.3months. No serious complication caused by this procedure was found in this study. CONCLUSIONS: Successful LBBP carried an aspect of short pQRSD and stim-LVAT while the LBB potential was not the prerequisite and necessary feature. LBBP procedure had a high success rate with satisfied and stable lead parameters during short and intermediate-term observations. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(9): e19375, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32118782

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to evaluate the pregnancy outcomes of males with a 47, XYY karyotype following assisted reproductive treatment.A retrospective study was performed using data from infertile men with 47, XYY at a center for reproductive medicine in 2004 to 2017. Of the 19,842 infertile males treated, a total of 21 showed the 47, XYY karyotype and were included in the present study. Clinical variables were collected. Three men were under treatment with their partner before either in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).The incidence of 47, XYY in infertile men is 1/945 (21/19842). Most men are azoospermic or severely oligospermic. Three men and their partners underwent IVF or ICSI treatment with fresh ejaculate samples. The fertilization rate was 52.94% to 83.33%. The embryo cleavage rate was 50% to 90%. One man had abnormal sex hormonal levels and his partner had no clinical pregnancy. The other 2 couples had healthy baby boys.Live spermatozoa can be gathered and fertility is possible for infertile males with 47, XYY syndrome when IVF or ICSI treatment is used. It is recommended that genetic counseling is provided in such cases.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina/terapia , Resultado da Gravidez , Cariótipo XYY , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Fertilização In Vitro/normas , Fertilização In Vitro/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23288, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32185823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Terminal duplication on chromosome 15q is a rare chromosomal variation. Affected individuals show similar features such as growth dysplasia or the development of frontal bossing, body deformities, facial abnormalities, and genitourinary or cardiovascular disorders. However, it is not yet clear whether such 15q repeats lead to identifiable patterns of clinical abnormalities. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze the prenatal diagnostic results and clinical manifestations of a fetus with 15q duplication and to summarize the literature. METHODS: The case was a fetus at 28 weeks of gestation. The risk of Down syndrome from second-trimester screening was 1/140. Prenatal ultrasound and amniocentesis were performed, and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) was used for genetic analysis. RESULTS: The fetus had abnormal clinical features, including intracardiac echogenic focus in the left ventricle, an aberrant right subclavian artery, and growth delay. The fetal chromosomal karyotype was 46,XX,15q?,12q?,21pstk+, and CMA revealed a 10.163 Mb duplication at 15q24.3-q25.3. The couple chose to terminate the pregnancy after careful consideration. CONCLUSIONS: The combination and rational application of cytogenetics technology and molecular genetics technology such as CMA will open up the field of clinical application and provide useful genetic counseling for parents of fetuses carrying such chromosomal duplications.

5.
Biosci Rep ; 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32202304

RESUMO

Ubiquitin-specific protease 26 (USP26) encodes a predicted protein containing his- and cys- domains that are conserved among deubiquitinating enzymes. USP26 is specifically expressed in testis tissue and is a potential infertility gene. In this study, we performed genetic testing related to spermatogenesis impairment in a patient with idiopathic severe oligozoospermia to identify the cause. The patient underwent clinical examination and reproductive hormone testing. Genes associated with male infertility, including USP26, were assessed by targeted exome sequencing. A novel frameshift mutation, c.2195delT (p.Phe732Serfs*14), was identified in USP26. This frameshift mutation was located in residue 732 of USP26 gene, leading to loss of the conserved deubiquitinating enzyme His-domain and producing a truncated protein of 744 amino acids. Bioinformatics analysis revealed this mutation to be pathogenic. A novel framshift mutation c.2195delT (p.Phe732Serfs*14) in USP26 gene was reported to be associated with male infertility in a Chinese patient with severe oligozoospermia.

6.
Oncol Lett ; 19(4): 2989-2995, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32218855

RESUMO

Nitric oxide (NO), an important chemical messenger, serves a dual role in tumor progression. Nitric oxide synthase isoform 1 (NOS1) was observed to be increasingly expressed in various types of cancer, and its expression has been associated with tumor progression. However, the level of NOS1 expression and the associated functions of NOS1 in human ovarian cancer remain undefined. Using gene expression profiles of ovarian cancer from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, the present study revealed that NOS1 was increasingly expressed in ovarian cancer tissues. The present study investigated the level of NOS1 expression and its effects on in vitro cell function, including proliferation, migration and invasion as well as chemoresistance to cispatin (DDP) treatment in OVCAR3 cells. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that the level of NOS1 mRNA expression varied in different ovarian cancer lines. However, immunoblotting indicated that the level of NOS1 protein expression was constitutively high in ovarian cancer cell lines. Treatment with NOS inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester or transfection with NOS1 short hairpin RNA significantly inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion compared with the control, whereas the sensitivity of OVCAR3 cells to DDP treatment was increased. The results of the present study indicated that NOS1 promoted the function of ovarian cancer cells, including proliferation, invasion and chemoresistance, providing a potential target for ovarian cancer therapeutic.

7.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 9(1): 771-774, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32212918

RESUMO

We report a case of a 63-year-old female patient who developed a recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) with extensively drug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (ERKp). In the initial two rounds of phage therapy, phage resistant mutants developed within days. Although ERKp strains were completely resistant to sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, the combination of sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim with the phage cocktail inhibited the emergence of phage resistant mutant in vitro, and the UTI of patient was successfully cured by this combination. Thus, we propose that non-active antibiotic and bacteriophage synergism (NABS) might be an alternative strategy in personalized phage therapy.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(7): e19007, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049795

RESUMO

Conbercept is a novel anti-vascular endothelial growth factor for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The most optimal injection strategy is unknown. To assess the effectiveness of intravitreal injection of conbercept using the 3 + pro re nata (PRN) and 3 + Q3 M strategies for the treatment of exudative AMD.From January 2015 to January 2018, patients confirmed with exudative AMD at Qilu Hospital of Shandong University were included in this retrospective study. Intravitreal injection of 0.5 mg of conbercept was conducted either with the 3 + PRN or 3 + Q3 M strategy. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure, and optical coherence tomography were conducted at 1 and 2 weeks, then every month. fundus fluorescein angiography examination was conducted every 3 months.There were 106 eyes from 106 patients. The number of follow-ups (3 + Q3 M: 12.4 ±â€Š1.3 vs 3 + PRN: 12.9 ±â€Š1.6, P = .079) and the follow-up time (3 + Q3 M: 12.7 ±â€Š0.6 vs 3 + PRN: 12.5 ±â€Š0.7 months, P = .121) were similar in the 2 groups. The number of injections was less in 3 + PRN than 3 + Q3 M (5.3 ±â€Š1.0 vs 6.0 ±â€Š0.0, P < .001) The BCVA at months 7 and 9 to 12 in the 3 + Q3 M (n = 51) group were lower than for 3 + PRN (n = 55) (all P < .05). The CRT at months 9 to 12 in the 3 + Q3 M group was lower than in the 3 + PRN group (all P < .05). There were no differences between the 2 groups regarding the exudation area during follow-up. No serious treatment-related ocular complications or serious systemic adverse events were found.The 3 + PRN and 3 + Q3 M strategies of intravitreal injection of conbercept are effective in treating exudative AMD. The 3 + Q3 M strategy needs more injection but is more effective in increasing visual acuity and reducing macular CRT than the 3 + PRN strategy.


Assuntos
Degeneração Macular/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Feminino , Angiofluoresceinografia , Humanos , Injeções Intravítreas , Degeneração Macular/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Menopause ; 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32068689

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the association between age at menarche and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and whether the association is mediated by adiposity and insulin resistance (IR) in rural Chinese women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed data for 7,460 women (median age 56 y) from a rural Chinese area from 2013 to 2014. Data were collected by standardized interviews and anthropometric and laboratory measurements. Adiposity was measured by body mass index (BMI), and IR was measured by the homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR) index. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence limits (CLs) for the association between age at menarche and T2DM. Mediation analysis was performed to explore the contribution of BMI and HOMA-IR to the association between age at menarche and T2DM. RESULTS: Among 7,460 women, 840 (11.26%) had T2DM. After adjusting for potential confounding factors, the odds of T2DM with the latest age at menarche 18 years or older versus 13 years was reduced (OR = 0.65, 95% CL: 0.47, 0.91), and age at menarche was negatively associated with T2DM (per additional year of menarche, OR = 0.95, 95% CL: 0.91, 0.99). BMI and HOMA-IR completely mediated the association between age at menarche and T2DM (total indirect effect: OR = 0.973, 95% CL: 0.961, 0.986; direct effect: OR = 0.974, 95% CL: 0.930, 1.021). CONCLUSIONS: Late menarche may be negatively associated with T2DM. The potential mechanism is adiposity and IR completely mediating the association between age at menarche and T2DM.

10.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 1241-1251, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32110098

RESUMO

Purpose: Bladder Carcinoma (BC) is a malignant carcinoma with a high incidence in masculinity. We preliminarily researched the efficacy and mechanism of matrine (MAT) in T24 and 5637 cells. Patients and Methods: CCK-8, flow cytometry, migration and invasion means were adopted to detect cell viability, apoptosis, migratory and invasive potentials. Moreover, LINC00472 expression was changed via transfection assays and was tested by RT-qPCR. Western blot was used for investigating the levels of CyclinD1, p53, Bcl-2, Bax, pro-Caspase-3, Cleaved-Caspase-3, ß-actin, programmed cell death protein 4 (PDCD4) and relate-proteins of cell pathways. Tumor volume and weight were tested via animal experiments. Results: MAT could not affect the growth of SV-HUC-1 cell but MAT promoted tumor cell apoptosis but restrained viability, invasion and migration. Furthermore, LINC00472 was prominently low expressed in BC tissues. MAT positively regulated LINC00472 and transfection with si-00472 could partly reverse the efficacies of MAT. Moreover, MAT enhanced PDCD4 expression by up-regulating LINC00472. Besides, we discovered MAT elevated PTEN but restrained PI3K/AKT proteins. Finally, tumor volume and weight were declined by MAT in vivo via up-regulating LINC00472. Conclusion: MAT restrained cell growth and metastasis but promoted PDCD4 expression by up-regulating LINC00472 via restraining PTEN/PI3K/AKT pathway in BC.

11.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 87, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32102682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are pluripotent mesenchymal cells present in various adult tissues. MSCs secrete exosomes as regulators of the tumor niche, with involvement in tumorigenesis and metastasis. The regulatory role of microRNAs (miRs or miRNAs) in MSCs via targeting cyclin E1 (CCNE1) or cyclin E2 (CCNE2) has been extensively reported. Since exosomes are considered as protective and enriched sources of shuttle miRNAs, we hypothesized that exosomal transfer of miR-144 from bone marrow-derived MSCs (BMMSCs) would affect the development of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells by targeting CCNE1 and CCNE2. METHODS: We first quantified the levels of miR-144, CCNE1, and CCNE2 in NSCLC tissues and cell lines and then undertook gain- and loss-of-function studies of miR-144, CCNE1, and CCNE2 to investigate their roles in the biological characteristics of NSCLC in vitro. NSCLC cells (A549) were exposed to exosomes derived from MSCs, and cell proliferation and colony formation rate were determined using in vitro assays. Finally, effects of BMMSC-derived exosomal miR-144 on tumor development were studied in vivo. RESULTS: In NSCLC tissues and cell lines, miR-144 was expressed poorly and CCNE1 and CCNE2 were expressed highly. Artificially elevating miR-144 inhibited cell proliferation, colony formation, and the number of S phase-arrested cells in NSCLC by downregulating CCNE1 and CCNE2. Additionally, BMMSC-derived exosomal miR-144 led to restrained NSCLC cell proliferation and colony formation. These inhibitory effects of BMMSC-derived exosomes carrying miR-144 on NSCLC were confirmed by experiments in vivo. CONCLUSION: Collectively, these findings revealed inhibitory effects of BMMSC-derived exosomal miR-144 on NSCLC progression, which were mediated by downregulation of CCNE1 and CCNE2.

12.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 151-167, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32021171

RESUMO

Purpose: Combination therapy for tumors is an important and promising strategy to improve therapeutic efficiency. This study aims at combining tumor targeting, chemo-, and photodynamic therapies to improve the anti-tumor performance. Patients and Methods: Human serum albumin (HSA), as a nontoxic and biodegradable drug carrier, was used to load hydrophobic photosensitizers (mono-substituted ß-4-pyridyloxy phthalocyanine zinc, mPPZ) by a dilution-incubation-purification (DIP) strategy to form molecular complex HSA:mPPZ. This complex was cross-linked as nanoparticles, and then chemotherapy drug doxorubicin (DOX) was adsorbed into the nanoparticles to achieve combined photodynamic therapy and chemotherapy. Next, the surface of the obtained composite was modified by a tumor surface receptor (urokinase receptor) targeting agent (ATF-HSA) using a noncovalent method to obtain the final product (ATF-HSA@HSA:mPPZ:DOX nanoparticles, AHmDN). Results: AHmDN exhibited strong stability, remarkable cytotoxicity and higher uptake to tumor cells. Cell imaging analysis indicated that DOX was separated from AHmDN and uniformly distributed in cell nucleus while mPPZ localized in cytoplasm. The PDT activity of all the samples had been confirmed by the detection of intracellular ROS. In animal experiments, AHmDN was demonstrated to have a prominent tumor-targeting effect using a 3D imaging system. In addition, the enhanced antitumor effect of AHmDN in tumor-bearing mice was also been observed. Importantly, the tumor-targeting effect of such nanoparticles lasted for about 14 days after one injection. Conclusion: These albumin nanoparticles with combined functions of tumor targeting, chemotherapy and photodynamic therapy can highly enhance the anti-tumor effect. This drug delivery system can be applied to package other hydrophobic photosensitizers and chemotherapy drugs for improving therapeutic efficacy to tumors.

13.
Langmuir ; 36(7): 1718-1726, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040331

RESUMO

A free-standing (biomacomolecule/synthetic inorganic nanotubes) hybrid film was fabricated through an alternative layer-by-layer (LBL) assembly of sacran and imogolite nanotubes. Sacran is a natural polysaccharide extracted from the cyanobacterium Aphanothece sacrum, while imogolite is a natural tubular aluminosilicate clay found in volcano ash. The hybrid film thickness increased linearly with the number of the bilayers, because of the interaction between the negatively charged surface of sacran and the positively charged surface of imogolite. UV-vis spectroscopy indicated that the LBL film exhibited good transparency. The surface morphology of the LBL film was smooth in the micrometer scale; many imogolite nanotubes were adsorbed onto the sacran layer, while no imogolite clusters were observed. Furthermore, the structure, stability, gas permeability, and mechanical properties of the LBL films were investigated.

14.
J Diabetes Complications ; 34(5): 107558, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075751

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the associations of mineralocorticoids with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and glucose homeostasis among rural Chinese adults. METHODS: A total of 2713 participants were selected from the Henan Rural Cohort study. Serum mineralocorticoids were measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Logistic regression and restricted cubic splines were employed to evaluate the associations of mineralocorticoids with pre-diabetes and T2DM. Linear regression was implemented to assess the associations of aldosterone and 11-deoxycorticosterone with different markers of glucose homeostasis by different diabetes status. RESULTS: Elevated aldosterone and 11-deoxycorticosterone were associated with an increased prevalence of pre-diabetes and T2DM (P < 0.05), with a nonlinear dose-response trend, but the association between 11-deoxycorticosterone and T2DM was no statistical significance after adjustment. A 100% increase in ln-aldosterone was associated with a 0.029 mg/dl higher fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and a 1.2% higher HOMA2-IR among those with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), and related to a 0.034 mg/dl lower FPG, a 1.1% higher HbA1c and a 1.3% higher HOMA2-ß among individuals with pre-diabetes. A 100% increment in ln-11-deoxycorticosterone was associated with a 16% increase in HbA1c and a 5.6% decrease in HOMA2-ß in participants with T2DM. CONCLUSIONS: Higher aldosterone and 11-deoxycorticosterone are associated with T2DM risk and glucose homeostasis disorder among different diabetes status.

15.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 105(3)2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912872

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of age at menarche (AM) on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to assess whether the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index responses to AM and menopause status interact in Chinese rural adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study including 23 138 participants was performed. Logistic regression and multivariable linear regression were performed to investigate the relationship between AM and glucose status. Generalized linear model was used to calculate the interaction term of AM and menopause status on FPG and the HOMA index. Interaction plot was used to interpret the significant interaction effect. RESULTS: Women in the later menarche age group (≥18 years) had a 17.7% lower risk of T2DM (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.712-0.951, P = .008), after adjusting for multiple variables. Further adjustment for body mass index (BMI) completely attenuated this association (odds ratio = 0.884, 95% CI: 0.764-1.024, P = .099). A significant interaction effect of AM and menopause status on T2DM (P = .004) was observed. The adverse effects of menopausal status on FPG and HOMA-2 of insulin resistance decreased with increasing menarche age, and the age ranges were limited to <18 and 9 to 19 years, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Later menarche was associated with a lower risk of T2DM, and the association appears to be mediated by BMI. More importantly, the adverse effect of menopause status on T2DM was decreased along with increasing menarche age.

16.
Exp Neurol ; 327: 113209, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31987832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients frequently encounter cardiovascular complications which may contribute to increased mortality and poor long term outcome. ICH induces systemic oxidative stress and activates peripheral immune responses which are involved in the pathological cascade leading to cardiac dysfunction and heart failure after ICH. We have previously reported that ICH induces progressive cardiac dysfunction in mice without primary cardiac diseases. In this study, we have investigated the role of immune response in mediating cardiac dysfunction post ICH in mice. METHODS: Adult male C57BL/6 J mice were randomly assigned to the following groups (n = 8/group): 1) sham control; 2) ICH; 3) splenectomy with ICH (ICH + Spx); 4) splenectomy alone (Spx). Echocardiography was performed at 7 and 28 days after ICH. A battery of neurological and cognitive tests were performed. Flow cytometry, western blot and immunostaining were used to test mechanisms of ICH induced cardiac dysfunction. RESULTS: Compared to sham control mice, Spx alone does not induce acute (7 day) or chronic (28 day) cardiac dysfunction. ICH induces significant neurological and cognitive deficits, as well as acute and chronic cardiac dysfunction compared to sham control mice. Mice subjected to ICH + Spx exhibit significantly improved neurological and cognitive function compared to ICH mice. Mice with ICH + Spx also exhibit significantly improved acute and chronic cardiac function compared to ICH mice indicated by increased left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS), decreased cardiac fibrosis, decreased cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, decreased cardiac infiltration of immune cells and decreased expression of inflammatory factor and oxidative stress in the heart. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that splenectomy attenuates ICH-induced neurological and cognitive impairment as well as ICH-induced cardiac dysfunction in mice. Inflammatory cell infiltration into heart and immune responses mediated by the spleen may contribute to ICH-induce acute and chronic cardiac dysfunction and pathological cardiac remodeling.

17.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 31(2): 560-569, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919928

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study is to assess if left bundle branch pacing (LBBP) can preserve physiological cardiac synchrony and deliver favorable hemodynamic effects. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing dual chamber pacemaker implantation for sick sinus syndrome (SSS) and a normal cardiac function with a narrow QRS complex were recruited for the study. Electrocardiogram and echocardiographic examinations were performed during ventricular pacing-on and native-conduction modes. The QRS duration (QRSd), systolic dyssynchrony index (SDI), and the standard deviation of time-to-peak contraction velocity in left ventricular (LV) 12 segments (Tsd-12-LV) were measured to evaluate LV synchrony. The stroke volume (SV) and the degree of atrioventricular valvular regurgitation were also assessed. RESULTS: A total of 40 patients underwent LBBP, while another 38 patients underwent right ventricular septum pacing (RVSP) as control group. Baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups. With LBBP, the paced QRSd was slightly wider than the intrinsic QRSd (101.03 ± 8.79 ms vs 91.06 ± 14.17 ms, P < .0001) while the LV mechanical synchrony during LBBP pacing mode was similar to that of native-conduction mode (SDI, 3.14 ± 2.49 vs 2.70 ± 1.68, P = 0.129; Tsd-12-LV, 26.43 ± 15.55 vs 25.61 ± 16.07, P = .671) in the LBBP group. The LV synchrony in the LBBP group was superior to the RVSP group significantly. No significant differences in SV (64.08 ± 16.97 mL vs 65.45 ± 18.68 mL, P = .241) or the degree of atrioventricular valvular regurgitation were noted between LBBP capture and native-conduction modes. CONCLUSION: LBBP could preserve satisfactory LV synchrony and result in favorable hemodynamic effects.

18.
Vet Microbiol ; 240: 108508, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902493

RESUMO

Duck Tembusu virus (DTMUV) is a major pathogen of duck industry in China. In the current study, we generated different constructs containing envelope (E) protein, pre-membrane-envelope (prM-E) protein, and C-terminally truncated E protein of the DTMUV. The constructed proteins could induce specific antibody responses in young ducks. When ducklings were immunized with the constructed proteins, they were 100% protected against DTMUV infection. Furthermore, the fluorescent signal of the truncated E protein was stronger than other constructed proteins, when Bac-to-Bac baculovirus expression system was applied. Our data demonstrated that the truncated E protein used in the current study could be applied as a potential vaccine candidate to control DTMUV infection in young ducks.

19.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957869

RESUMO

Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) is known to disrupt the binding between lncRNAs and microRNAs. In this paper, we aimed to explore the role of LINC00673 rs11655237 SNP in the survival of cervical cancer (CC). Real-time polymerase chain reaction and western-blot analysis were used to detect expressions of LINC00673 and microRNA-1231 (miR-1231) in CC patients with different rs11655237 SNP genotypes. And the expression of LINC00673, miR-1231, and IFNAR1 was measured in mice and cells treated with exosomes carrying GG, GA, and AA rs11655237 genotypes. Compared with patients carrying the rs11655237 A allele of LINC00673 rs11655237 SNP, patients carrying the G allele showed higher overall survival and higher miR-1231 expression. In addition, the expression of miR-1231 was the highest in patients carrying the GG genotype and the lowest in patients carrying the AA genotype. Furthermore, the exosomes carrying GG, GA, and AA genotypes of LINC00673 rs11655237 SNP reduced tumor growth in mice, while the inhibitory effect of rs11655237 A allele was much stronger than that of the rs11655237 G allele. Additionally, exosome treatment upregulated the expression of LINC000673 and IFNAR1 while downregulating the expression of miR-1231. Interestingly, the A allele of rs11655237 generated a binding site for miR-1231 and subsequently affected the expression of IFNAR1, a target gene of miR-1231 containing a miR-1231 binding site in its 3'-untranslated region. Cells transfected with exosomes carrying GG, GA, and AA genotypes of LINC00673 rs11655237 SNP achieved higher LINC000673 and IFNAR1 expression along with lower miR-1231 expression. Therefore, rs11655237 can be used as a prognostic biomarker for CC.

20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(4): 4221-4230, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909969

RESUMO

Paclitaxel (PTX) is a widely used anticancer drug that works by inhibiting microtubule disassembly. PTX safety was greatly enhanced by embedding it with human albumin. Here, we study the synergistic effects of PTX with photodynamic therapy (PDT) both in vitro and in vivo by constructing photosensitizer-PTX nanotheranostics (PPNTs). PPNTs were fabricated via noncovalent hydrophobic interactions and π-π stacking between an amphipathic photosensitizer and PTX with an average diameter of ∼80 nm, and these showed high stability in biological conditions. In a tumor-bearing mouse model, PPNTs were shown to accumulate at the tumor site based on three-dimensional fluorescence tomographic imaging. Under 680 nm light irradiation, PPNTs exhibited a superior solid tumor ablation effect in a mouse model, with a dose of PTX (0.2 mg/kg) that is 10-fold lower than that typically used. Mechanistically, PPNTs induced a strong apoptotic response in cells under light illumination and showed an increased antitumor efficacy that is 47.2-fold and 57.6-fold higher than that of the photosensitizer nanoparticles (PNTs) and free PTX, respectively. In addition, PPNTs showed enhanced cellular uptake with focused mitochondria and lysosome colocalization compared to that of PNTs and the amount of PTX delivered in PPNTs was sufficient to induce cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase. These findings indicated that the current combination therapy has advantages over monotherapy in promoting tumor regression and ultimately achieving tumor elimination.

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