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1.
Cancer Manag Res ; 13: 8241-8255, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34754244

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the dynamics of early serum tumour markers (STMs) and the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) to predict clinical efficacy and prognosis of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who received programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients with advanced NSCLC treated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors between September 2017 and August 2020. NLR and STMs were routinely measured between immunotherapy initiation and the first radiological evaluation. A combination score based on the leading STM and NLR and their dynamic changes was established. The effects of leading STM change, NLR change, and the combination score on the objective response rate (ORR), durable clinical benefit (DCB), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were analysed. The accuracy of the combination score was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under the curve (AUC). Results: Overall, 124 patients were included in this retrospective cohort study. The ORR was 22.8%, DCB was 54.5%, and the median OS and PFS were 21.6 and 14.9 months, respectively. Patients with low combination scores had a significantly improved ORR and DCB compared with those with intermediate or high scores (P = 0.002 for ORR, P < 0.0001 for DCB). In a multivariate model, the combination score was an independent indicator of PFS (P < 0.0001) and OS (P < 0.0001). The AUC demonstrated that the combination score (AUC = 0.706) has greater predictive power than either the posttreatment NLR (AUC = 0.668) or the leading STM change (AUC = 0.648) alone. Conclusion: An easy, cost-effective, and novel combination score based on the dynamics of an early STM and the NLR can accurately predict the clinical efficacy of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors and prognosis in advanced NSCLC patients.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 608(Pt 2): 1846-1856, 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742093

RESUMO

The formation of interfacial chemical bonding in heterostructures plays an important role in the transport of carriers. Herein, we firstly prepared ultrathin InVO4 nanosheet (Ns) with a thickness of 1.5 nm. Diethylenetriamine-modified CdSe (CdSe-DETA) nanobelts are in-situ deposited on the surface of ultrathin InVO4 Ns to build a InVO4/CdSe-DETA step-scheme (S-scheme) heterojunction photocatalysts. The protonated DETA acts as an amine-bridge to promote the formation of a tight chemical bond at the interface of InVO4/CdSe-DETA, thereby promoting the transfer of carriers at the interface. For photocatalytic CO2 reduction, the rationally designed InVO4/CdSe-DETA S-scheme photocatalyst exhibits a remarkable CO generation rate of 27.9 µmol h-1 g-1 at 420 nm, which is 3.35 and 3.39 times higher than that of CdSe-DETA and InVO4 Ns, respectively. The new method by using interfacial chemical bonding to facilitate interfacial charge transportation provide a promising strategy for improve photocatalysis.

3.
Mater Horiz ; 8(12): 3457-3467, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755162

RESUMO

The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to elicit lethal cellular oxidative damage is an attractive pathway to kill cancer cells, but it is still hindered by the low ROS production efficiency of the current methods. Herein, we design a one-dimensional (1D) π-π conjugated ferriporphyrin covalent organic framework on carbon nanotubes (COF-CNT) for activating nanocatalytic and photodynamic cancer therapy. The COF-CNT can catalyze the generation of ROS and O2 in the tumor microenvironment (TME), and realize a self-oxygen-supplying PDT under near-infrared (NIR) light irradiation, simultaneously. With the full electron delocalization at the atomically dispersed active center, the catalytic activity of COF-CNT with extended π-conjugation is 6.8 times higher than that without the π-conjugated structure. The formation of the COF structure with π-π conjugation also changes the density of states (DOS) profile of its functional building block for improving PDT. Through one single treatment, it successfully achieves complete tumor regression of 4T1 breast carcinoma in mice with immunoregulation.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787807

RESUMO

Tobacco exposure is the major risk factor for lung cancer. Previous studies have shown that there is a correlation between tobacco consumption and lung cancer mortality, but they do not show a specific trend. This study established the polynomial distributed lags (PDLs) model to explore the distributional lag effect between tobacco consumption and lung cancer mortality by using the lung cancer mortality rate of residents in Henan Province and the annual per capita tobacco consumption data from 1992 to 2016 and adopted dynamic simulation prediction method to predict lung cancer mortality for the next 20 years. We found that per capita tobacco consumption had a 10-year lag effect on lung cancer mortality. The harm of tobacco consumption did not show in the first 4 years, but after a lag of 4 years or more, the lung cancer mortality in men was higher than that in women, with a peak effect occurring 10 years later. The prediction showed that if per capita tobacco consumption was controlled, lung cancer mortality would show a steady decline trend after 10 years. These results suggested that tobacco consumption and lung cancer mortality were asynchronous, with a lag effect of tobacco use on the occurrence of lung cancer.

5.
Sleep Breath ; 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839464

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the association of sleep duration with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a rural Chinese population. METHODS: A 1:1 matched nested case-control study was performed based on a cohort that had been established in rural communities in Henan Province, China. T2DM patients and healthy controls (550 pairs) were included in this study. RESULTS: Abnormal sleep duration significantly increased the risk of T2DM with an approximate U-shaped association (sleep duration ≤ 6 h, OR = 1.742, 95% CI = 1.007-3.011, P = 0.047; sleep duration 8-9 h, OR = 1.462, 95% CI = 1.038-2.060, P = 0.030) compared with participants with a night sleep duration of 7-8 h, after adjusting for multiple confounders. When stratified by gender, only women were sensitive to shorter sleep duration (OR = 2.483, 95% CI = 1.149-5.366, P = 0.021). Abnormal sleep duration (too short or too long) had adverse effects on homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) and blood metabolites, and the effect was more noticeable in people with longer sleep durations. CONCLUSION: In a rural Chinese population, both too short and too long sleep duration increased the risk of T2DM. Especially women with less sleep duration have a higher risk of T2DM. Abnormal sleep also affects the HOMA index and metabolites; the relationship between HOMA-IR, total cholesterol, and LDL-Cholesterol with sleep duration was U-shaped, while fasting plasma glucose, body mass index, waist circumference, and triglyceride levels increased significantly only with longer sleep duration.

6.
Open Med (Wars) ; 16(1): 1564-1582, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722892

RESUMO

Objective: This study aims to identify superenhancer (SE)-transcriptional factor (TF) regulatory network related to eight common malignant tumors based on ChIP-seq data modified by histone H3K27ac in the enhancer region of the SRA database. Methods: H3K27ac ChIP-seq data of eight common malignant tumor samples were downloaded from the SRA database and subjected to comparison with the human reference genome hg19. TFs regulated by SEs were screened with HOMER software. Core regulatory circuitry (CRC) in malignant tumor samples was defined through CRCmapper software and validated by RNA-seq data in TCGA. The findings were substantiated in bladder cancer cell experiments. Results: Different malignant tumors could be distinguished through the H3K27ac signal. After SE identification in eight common malignant tumor samples, 35 SE-regulated genes were defined as malignant tumor-specific. SE-regulated specific TFs effectively distinguished the types of malignant tumors. Finally, we obtained 60 CRC TFs, and SMAD3 exhibited a strong H3K27ac signal in eight common malignant tumor samples. In vitro experimental data verified the presence of a SE-TF regulatory network in bladder cancer, and SE-TF regulatory network enhanced the malignant phenotype of bladder cancer cells. Conclusion: The SE-TF regulatory network with SMAD3 as the core TF may participate in the carcinogenesis of malignant tumors.

7.
Clin Exp Nephrol ; 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether immunosuppressive therapy in IgA nephropathy (IgAN) patients with less than 25% crescents (C1) and mild proteinuria can improve the renal outcome is still unclear. METHODS: We recruited 140 IgAN patients with C1 and proteinuria < 1 g/24 h who received supportive care (n = 52) or steroid-based immunosuppressive therapy (n = 88) in Xijing Hospital from July 2008 to December 2016. The primary outcome was the rate of renal function decline. RESULTS: The median of proteinuria was 575.5 mg/24 h, the fraction of crescents was 7% (5%, 12%) and follow-up time was 69.1 months. The rate of renal function decline [0.5 (- 1.5, 3.2) vs - 0.7 (- 3.5, 0.5) ml/min per 1.73 m2 per year; P = 0.01] was slower in steroid-based immunosuppressive therapy group than supportive care group. Multivariate linear regression analyses showed steroid-based immunosuppressive therapy significantly slowed down the rate of renal function decline (ß = - 0.220, 95% CI - 3.804 to - 0.449, P = 0.013) after adjusting age, sex, MAP, proteinuria, eGFR, M1, E1, S1, T1-2, the fraction of crescents and RASB. In the matched cohort, the rate of renal function decline was also slower in steroid-based immunosuppressive therapy group. The incidence of adverse events was similar between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Steroid-based immunosuppressive therapy may slow down the rate of renal function decline of IgAN patients with C1 and proteinuria ≤ 1 g/24 h.

8.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739207

RESUMO

Dental diseases resulting from movement disorders and volatile gases are very common. The classic method for detecting occlusal force is effective; however, its function is one-time rather than real-time monitoring, and the technology is very time-consuming. Herein, we report a multifunctional, flexible, and degradable bacterial cellulose/Ti3C2Tx MXene bioaerogel for the accurate detection of occlusal force and early diagnosis of periodontal diseases. Combining the mechanical properties of MXene and the abundant functional groups of bacterial cellulose, 3D porous bioaerogels exhibit both pressure-sensitive and ammonia (NH3)-sensitive responses. By integrating these substances into a flexible array, the resulting device can distinguish the intensity, location, and even the time sequence of the occlusion force; moreover, it can provide NH3 gas and occlusion force response signals. Therefore, this technology is promising for both disease diagnosis and oral health. In addition, the introduction of a renewable biomaterial allows the bioaerogel to degrade completely using a low-concentration hydrogen peroxide solution, making the device environmentally friendly and satisfying the demands for sustainable development.

9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6476, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753933

RESUMO

Polarized light can provide significant information about objects, and can be used as information carrier in communication systems through artificial modulation. However, traditional polarized light detection systems integrate polarizers and various functional circuits in addition to detectors, and are supplemented by complex encoding and decoding algorithms. Although the in-plane anisotropy of low-dimensional materials can be utilized to manufacture polarization-sensitive photodetectors without polarizers, the low anisotropic photocurrent ratio makes it impossible to realize digital output of polarized information. In this study, we propose an integrated polarization-sensitive amplification system by introducing a nanowire polarized photodetector and organic semiconductor transistors, which can boost the polarization sensitivity from 1.24 to 375. Especially, integrated systems are universal in that the systems can increase the anisotropic photocurrent ratio of any low-dimensional material corresponding to the polarized light. Consequently, a simple digital polarized light communication system can be realized based on this integrated system, which achieves certain information disguising and confidentiality effects.

10.
Cell Res ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789895

RESUMO

A major obstacle in Alzheimer's disease (AD) research is the lack of predictive and translatable animal models that reflect disease progression and drug efficacy. Transgenic mice overexpressing amyloid precursor protein (App) gene manifest non-physiological and ectopic expression of APP and its fragments in the brain, which is not observed in AD patients. The App knock-in mice circumvented some of these problems, but they do not exhibit tau pathology and neuronal death. We have generated a rat model, with three familiar App mutations and humanized Aß sequence knocked into the rat App gene. Without altering the levels of full-length APP and other APP fragments, this model exhibits pathologies and disease progression resembling those in human patients: deposit of Aß plaques in relevant brain regions, microglia activation and gliosis, progressive synaptic degeneration and AD-relevant cognitive deficits. Interestingly, we have observed tau pathology, neuronal apoptosis and necroptosis and brain atrophy, phenotypes rarely seen in other APP models. This App knock-in rat model may serve as a useful tool for AD research, identifying new drug targets and biomarkers, and testing therapeutics.

11.
Pharmacol Res ; 174: 105939, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655772

RESUMO

Cancer drug resistance is a formidable obstacle that enhances cancer stem-like cell properties, tumour metastasis and relapse. Luteolin (Lut) is a natural flavonoid with strong antitumor effects. However, the underlying mechanism(s) by which Lut protects against paclitaxel-resistant (PTX-resistant) cancer cell remains unknown. Herein, we found that Lut significantly attenuated the stem-like properties of PTX-resistant cancer cells by downregulating the expression of SOX2 protein. Additionally, further study showed that Lut could inhibit the PI3K/AKT pathway to decrease the phosphorylation level of AKT(S473) and UBR5 expression, which is an ubiquitin E3 ligase that promotes SOX2 degradation. In addition, Lut also inhibited PTX-resistant cancer cell migration and invasion by blocking epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Importantly, Lut inhibited the tumorigenic ability of oesophageal PTX-resistant cancer cells and showed no obvious toxicity in vivo. Thus, Lut has potential as a promising agent for drug-resistant oesophageal cancer therapy.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34637385

RESUMO

Restoring the correct masticatory function of broken teeth is the basis of dental crown prosthesis rehabilitation. However, it is a challenging task primarily due to the complex and personalized morphology of the occlusal surface. In this article, we address this problem by designing a new two-stage generative adversarial network (GAN) to reconstruct a dental crown surface in the data-driven perspective. Specifically, in the first stage, a conditional GAN (CGAN) is designed to learn the inherent relationship between the defective tooth and the target crown, which can solve the problem of the occlusal relationship restoration. In the second stage, an improved CGAN is further devised by considering an occlusal groove parsing network (GroNet) and an occlusal fingerprint constraint to enforce the generator to enrich the functional characteristics of the occlusal surface. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed framework significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art deep learning methods in functional occlusal surface reconstruction using a real-world patient database. Moreover, the standard deviation (SD) and root mean square (RMS) between the generated occlusal surface and the target crown calculated by our method are both less than 0.161mm. Importantly, the designed dental crown has enough anatomical morphology and higher clinical applicability.

13.
Nucl Med Biol ; 102-103: 87-96, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695640

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP1R) specifically expressed on the surface of pancreatic ß-cells and insulinoma, is a potential biomarker for imaging ß-cell mass (BCM). In this study, two new 68Ga-labelled GLP1R targeting agents were prepared and their biological properties for imaging BCM and insulinoma were evaluated. METHODS: [68Ga]Ga-HBED-CC-MAL-Cys39-exendin-4 ([68Ga]Ga-4) and its dimer ([68Ga]Ga-5) were synthesized from corresponding precursors. Cell uptake studies were evaluated in INS-1 cells. Biodistribution and microPET studies were performed in male normal Sprague-Dawley rats, diabetic rats and insulinoma xenograft NOD/SCID mice. RESULTS: [68Ga]Ga-4 and [68Ga]Ga-5 were efficiently radiolabelled by a simple one-step reaction without purification leading to high radiochemical yields and radiochemical purities (both >95%, decay corrected, n = 6, molar activity 15 GBq/µmol). They both showed excellent stability (~95%) in phosphate-buffered saline, pH 7.4, and in rat serum (~90%) for 2 h. Biodistribution studies and small animal PET/CT imaging showed that [68Ga]Ga-4 displayed specific uptake in rat pancreas and mouse insulinoma, and a reduced uptake in the pancreas of diabetic rat was observed (~62% reduction). Notably, it exhibited a rapid time-to-peak pancreatic uptake (0.96 ± 0.19%ID/g in 15 min) and fast clearance from the kidney (42% clearance in 30 min). Results suggested a favorable in vivo kinetics for human imaging studies. CONCLUSIONS: [68Ga]Ga-4 targeting GLP1R of pancreatic ß-cells may be a potentially useful PET agent and a suitable candidate for further structural modification studies. This agent has demonstrated several advantages, rapid time-to-peak pancreatic uptake and faster clearance from the kidney, factors may enhance diagnosis of diabetes and insulinoma.

14.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 14: 4297-4306, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34703262

RESUMO

Background: Although the concentrations of progesterone (P4) and 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) have been correlated with some characteristics of metabolic syndrome (MetS), the relationships with MetS are inconclusive. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between P4 and 17-OHP with MetS. Methods: In all, the present study includes 4807 participants. Serum P4 and 17-OHP were measured through liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Logistic regression and restricted cubic splines were used to assess the independent and combined effects of P4 and 17-OHP on MetS. Results: After adjusting for multiple variables, the positive association of P4 with MetS was observed in postmenopausal women (Third tertiles vs First tertiles: OR = 1.49, 95% CI: 1.20-1.86) and the negative association of 17-OHP with MetS was observed in men (Third tertiles vs First tertiles: OR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.32-0.58). Compared with the combination of low P4 and low 17-OHP, the combination of high P4 and high 17-OHP were significantly related to MetS in postmenopausal women (OR = 1.71, 95% CI: 1.18-2.48). Moreover, the combination of low P4 and high 17-OHP was negatively associated with MetS in men (OR = 0.41, 95% CI: 0.24-0.69). Conclusion: The association between P4 and MetS in postmenopausal women was positive, whereas 17-OHP was negatively associated with MetS in men. Additionally, their combination has a synergistic effect on MetS in postmenopausal women and an antagonistic effect on MetS in men.

15.
Foods ; 10(10)2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34681432

RESUMO

The present study is designed to evaluate the effect of infrared assisted spouted bed drying (IR-SBD) on the product quality and energy consumption of whole peanut fruits (including peanut kernels and shells). The dehydration of whole peanuts by means of hot-air drying (HD) and infrared drying (ID) were used as the control groups, and the drying characteristics, energy consumption, microstructure, porosity, hardness and fatty acid content were compared. The results showed that, compared to HD and ID, IR-SBD could reduce the drying time by 40% and 33%, respectively, and reduced energy consumption by 66% and 32%, respectively. During the drying process, the structures of both the peanut shells and peanut kernels underwent significant deformation; specifically, the porosity gradually increased gradually. The maximum porosity value was obtained by the samples dried by means of IR-SBD. Under the three drying conditions, the hardness of the peanut shells first decreased and then increased, while the hardness of the peanut kernels showed a trend of first increasing, then decreasing and finally increasing. Compared to the fresh whole peanuts, the IR-SBD dried samples exhibited a 4.07% decrease in fatty acid. This study shows that IR-SBD is a suitable application for the dehydration process of whole peanuts for the purposes of achieving high-efficiency and -quality production in the industrial sector.

16.
Endocr J ; 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34690216

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies have repeatedly investigated the association between reduced pulmonary function and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the results have been inconsistent. This meta-analysis aimed to clarify this association with prospective cohort studies. We searched PubMed, Web of Science (ISI), and Google Scholar for all studies (in English) reporting reduced lung function with a risk of T2DM. The measures of lung function included percentage of forced vital capacity for predicted values (FVC%pre), percentage of forced expiratory volume in the first second after expiration for predicted values (FEV1%pre) and FEV1-to-FVC ratio%. Summary risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using fixed-effects or random-effects meta-analyses. A total of 5,480 incident T2DM patients among 88,799 individuals were identified from nine prospective cohort studies. Compared to the highest category of FVC%pre and FEV1%pre, the lowest category of FVC%pre and FEV1%pre were significantly associated with increased incident T2DM risk (FVC%pre: RR = 1.49, 95% CI: 1.39-1.59; FEV1%pre: RR = 1.52, 95% CI: 1.42-1.62). However, no significant relationship was found between the FEV1/FVC ratio and incident T2DM risk (RR = 1.01, 95% CI: 0.91-1.13). Current evidence suggests that restrictive rather than obstructive impairment of lung function is significantly associated with the incidence of T2DM. Further research is warranted to explore potential mediators of this relationship.

17.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(12): 3352-3358, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to investigate the associations of testosterone and androstenedione with coronary heart disease, and the interaction effect of testosterone or androstenedione and age on coronary heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 6178 participants were included in this study. Serum testosterone and androstenedione were detected by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Logistic regression and restricted cubic splines were used to assess the independent effects of testosterone and androstenedione on coronary heart disease. Interactive plots were employed to examine the interaction effects of testosterone or androstenedione with age on coronary heart disease. After adjusting for multiple variables, serum testosterone and androstenedione levels were negatively associated with coronary heart disease in males (tertile 3 vs tertile 1, odd ratio (OR) = 0.56, 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.33, 0.96), and OR = 0.40, 95% CI (0.22, 0.74)). Per 1 unit increase in ln-testosterone and ln-androstenedione was associated with a 24% (OR = 0.76, 95% CI (0.63, 0.91)) and 30% (OR = 0.69, 95% CI (0.55, 0.86)) lower risk of coronary heart disease, respectively. Additionally, the positive association of age with coronary heart disease was attenuated by increasing concentrations of ln-testosterone and ln-androstenedione concentration in males. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated that serum testosterone and androstenedione were negatively associated with coronary heart disease risk in Chinese rural males. To some extent, this study supports the application of hormone therapy in males with coronary heart disease, which can contribute to reducing the burden of coronary heart disease and related cardiovascular disease.

18.
Adv Mater ; : e2106317, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655105

RESUMO

Electromechanical interaction of cells and extracellular matrix are ubiquitous in biological systems. Understanding the fundamentals of this interaction and feedback is critical to design next-generation electroactive tissue engineering scaffold. Herein, based on elaborately modulating the dynamic mechanical forces in cell microenvironment, the design of a smart piezoelectric scaffold with suitable stiffness analogous to that of collagen for on-demand electrical stimulation is reported. Specifically, it generated a piezoelectric potential, namely a piezopotential, to stimulate stem cell differentiation with cell traction as a loop feedback signal, thereby avoiding the unfavorable effect of early electrical stimulation on cell spreading and adhesion. This is the first time to adapt to the dynamic microenvironment of cells and meet the electrical stimulation of cells in different states by a constant scaffold, diminishing the cumbersomeness of inducing material transformation or trigging by an external stimulus. This in situ on-demand electrical stimulation based on cell-traction-mediated piezopotential paves the way for smart scaffolds design and future bioelectronic therapies.

19.
Front Chem ; 9: 748044, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631669

RESUMO

As functional nanomaterials with simulating enzyme-like properties, nanozymes can not only overcome the inherent limitations of natural enzymes in terms of stability and preparation cost but also possess design, versatility, maneuverability, and applicability of nanomaterials. Therefore, they can be combined with other materials to form composite nanomaterials with superior performance, which has garnered considerable attention. Carbon dots (CDs) are an ideal choice for these composite materials due to their unique physical and chemical properties, such as excellent water dispersion, stable chemical inertness, high photobleaching resistance, and superior surface engineering. With the continuous emergence of various CDs-based nanozymes, it is vital to thoroughly understand their working principle, performance evaluation, and application scope. This review comprehensively discusses the recent advantages and disadvantages of CDs-based nanozymes in biomedicine, catalysis, sensing, detection aspects. It is expected to provide valuable insights into developing novel CDs-based nanozymes.

20.
Dev Cell ; 56(18): 2592-2606.e7, 2021 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508658

RESUMO

Membrane contact between intracellular organelles is important in mediating organelle communication. However, the assembly of molecular machinery at membrane contact site and its internal organization correlating with its functional activity remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that a gel-like condensation of Cidec, a crucial protein for obesity development by facilitating lipid droplet (LD) fusion, occurs at the LD-LD contact site (LDCS) through phase separation. The homomeric interaction between the multivalent N terminus of Cidec is sufficient to promote its phase separation both in vivo and in vitro. Interestingly, Cidec condensation at LDCSs generates highly plastic and lipid-permeable fusion plates that are geometrically constrained by donor LDs. In addition, Cidec condensates are distributed unevenly in the fusion plate generating stochastic sub-compartments that may represent unique lipid passageways during LD fusion. We have thus uncovered the organization and functional significance of geometry-constrained Cidec phase separation in mediating LD fusion and lipid homeostasis.


Assuntos
Gotículas Lipídicas/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/fisiologia , Lipídeos , Obesidade/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Homeostase/fisiologia , Humanos , Camundongos
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