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1.
Stem Cell Res ; 53: 102312, 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812336

RESUMO

Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are valuable models for studying the molecular pathogenesis of inherited diseases and key tools for cell therapy. We derived peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) isolated from a 30-year-old healthy female donor using integration-free Sendai virus to generate a hiPSC line, PUMCSMi001-A, which can serve as a control for the studies of pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease and drug screening. Quality assessment confirmed that the cell line PUMCSMi001-A expressed pluripotency genes, had normal karyotype and differentiation potential into three layers in vivo.

2.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(11)2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836579

RESUMO

Plant viruses employ diverse virulence strategies to achieve successful infection, but there are few known general strategies of viral pathogenicity and transmission used by widely different plant viruses. Here, we report a class of independently evolved virulence factors in different plant RNA viruses which possess active transcriptional repressor activity. Rice viruses in the genera Fijivirus, Tenuivirus, and Cytorhabdovirus all have transcriptional repressors that interact in plants with the key components of jasmonic acid (JA) signaling, namely mediator subunit OsMED25, OsJAZ proteins, and OsMYC transcription factors. These transcriptional repressors can directly disassociate the OsMED25-OsMYC complex, inhibit the transcriptional activation of OsMYC, and then combine with OsJAZ proteins to cooperatively attenuate the JA pathway in a way that benefits viral infection. At the same time, these transcriptional repressors efficiently enhanced feeding by the virus insect vectors by repressing JA signaling. Our findings reveal a common strategy in unrelated plant viruses in which viral transcriptional repressors hijack and repress the JA pathway in favor of both viral pathogenicity and vector transmission.

3.
J Immunol ; 206(8): 1844-1857, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712518

RESUMO

African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a devastating infectious disease in pigs, severely threatening the global pig industry. To efficiently infect animals, ASFV must evade or inhibit fundamental elements of the innate immune system, namely the type I IFN response. In this study, we identified that ASFV MGF-505-7R protein exerts a negative regulatory effect on STING-dependent antiviral responses. MGF-505-7R interacted with STING and inhibited the cGAS-STING signaling pathway at STING level. MGF-505-7R overexpression either degraded STING or STING expression was reduced in ASFV-infected cells via autophagy, whereas STING expression was elevated in MGF-505-7R-deficient ASFV-infected cells. We further found that MGF-505-7R promoted the expression of the autophagy-related protein ULK1 to degrade STING, whereas ULK1 was elevated in MGF-505-7R-deficient ASFV-infected cells. Moreover, MGF-505-7R-deficient ASFV induced more IFN-ß production than wild-type ASFV and was attenuated in replication compared with wild-type ASFV. The replicative ability of MGF-505-7R-deficient ASFV was also attenuated compared with wild-type. Importantly, MGF-505-7R-deficient ASFV was fully attenuated in pigs. Our results showed for the first time, to our knowledge, a relationship involving the cGAS-STING pathway and ASFV MGF-505-7R, contributing to uncover the molecular mechanisms of ASFV virulence and to the rational development of ASFV vaccines.

4.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 73: 105528, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773434

RESUMO

Effects of ultrasound (US, 300, 400, and 500 W) and slightly acidic electrolyzed water (SAEW, 10, 30, and 50 mg/L) combination on inactivating Rhizopus stolonifer in sweet potato tuberous roots (TRs) were investigated. US at 300, 400, and 500 W simultaneous SAEW with available chlorine concentration of 50 mg/L at 40 and 55 °C for 10 min significantly inhibited colony diameters (from 90.00 to 6.00-71.62 mm) and spores germination (p < 0.05). US + SAEW treatment could destroy cell membrane integrity and lead to the leakage of nucleic acids and proteins (p < 0.05). Scanning and transmission electron microscopy results showed that US + SAEW treatment could damage ultrastructure of R. stolonifer, resulted in severe cell-wall pitting, completely disrupted into debris, apparent separation of plasma wall, massive vacuoles space, and indistinct intracellular organelles. US500 + SAEW50 treatment at 40 and 55 °C increased cell membrane permeability, and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential of R. stolonifer. In addition, US500 + SAEW50 at 40 °C and US300 + SAEW50 at 55 °C controlled R. stolonifer growth in sweet potato TRs during 20 days of storage, suggesting effective inhibition on the infection of R. stolonifer. Therefore, US + SAEW treatment could be a new efficient alternative method for storing and preserving sweet potato TRs.

5.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(6): 4017-4026, 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656869

RESUMO

Investigating catalytic reaction mechanisms could help guide the design of catalysts. Here, aimed at improving both the catalytic performance and SO2 resistance ability of catalysts in the selective reduction of NO by NH3 (NH3-SCR), an innovative CeO2-SiO2 mixed oxide catalyst (CeSi2) was developed based on our understanding of both the sulfur poisoning and reaction mechanisms, which exhibited excellent SO2/H2O resistance ability even in the harsh working conditions (containing 500 ppm of SO2 and 5% H2O). The strong interaction between Ce and Si (Ce-O-Si) and the abundant surface hydroxyl groups on CeSi2 not only provided fruitful surface acid sites but also significantly inhibited SO2 adsorption. The NH3-SCR performance of CeSi2 was promoted by an enhanced Eley-Rideal (E-R) mechanism in which more active acid sites were preserved under the reaction conditions and gaseous NO could directly react with adsorbed NH3. This mechanism-enhanced process was even further promoted on sulfated CeSi2. This work provides a reaction mechanism-enhanced strategy to develop an environmentally friendly NH3-SCR catalyst with superior SO2 resistance.

6.
Bull Entomol Res ; : 1-10, 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632348

RESUMO

The tobacco cutworm Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is a polyphagous pest with a highly selective and sensitive chemosensory system involved in complex physiological behaviors such as searching for food sources, feeding, courtship, and oviposition. However, effective management strategies for controlling the insect pest populations under threshold levels are lacking. Therefore, there is an urgent need to formulate eco-friendly pest control strategies based on the disruption of the insect chemosensory system. In this study, we identified 158 putative chemosensory genes based on transcriptomic and genomic data for S. litura, including 45 odorant-binding proteins (OBPs, nine were new), 23 chemosensory proteins (CSPs), 60 odorant receptors (ORs, three were new), and 30 gustatory receptors (GRs, three were new), a number higher than those reported by previous transcriptome studies. Subsequently, we constructed phylogenetic trees based on these genes in moths and analyzed the dynamic expression of various genes in head capsules across larval instars using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Nine genes-SlitOBP8, SlitOBP9, SlitOBP25, SlitCSP1, SlitCSP7, SlitCSP18, SlitOR34, SlitGR240, and SlitGR242-were highly expressed in the heads of 3- to 5-day-old S. litura larvae. The genes differentially expressed in olfactory organs during larval development might play crucial roles in the chemosensory system of S. litura larvae. Our findings substantially expand the gene inventory for S. litura and present potential target genes for further studies on larval feeding in S. litura.

7.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 20: 1533033820986826, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33522433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ADAMTS5 has different roles in multiple types of cancers and participates in various molecular mechanisms. However, the prognostic value of ADAMTS5 in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) still remains unclear. We carried the study to evaluate the prognostic value and identified underlying molecular mechanisms in HCC. METHODS: Firstly, the association of ADAMTS5 expression and clinicopathological parameters was evaluated by in GSE14520. Next, ADAMTS5 expression in HCC was performed using GSE14520, GSE36376, GSE76427 and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) profile. Furthermore, Kaplan-Meier analysis, Univariate and Multivariate Cox regression analysis, subgroup analysis was performed to evaluate the prognostic value of ADAMTS5 in HCC. Finally, GO enrichment analysis, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) were performed to revealed underlying molecular mechanisms. RESULT: The expression of ADAMTS5 was positively correlated with the development of HCC. Next, high ADAMTS5 expression was significantly associated with poorer survival (all P < 0.05) and the impact of ADAMTS5 on all overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), relapse-free survival (RFS), disease specific survival (DSS) and progression free interval (PFI) was specific for HCC among other 29 cancer types. Subgroup analysis showed that ADAMTS5 overexpression was significantly associated with poorer OS in patients with HCC. Finally, ADAMTS5 might participate in the status conversion from metabolic-dominant to extracellular matrix-dominant, and the activation of ECM-related biological process might contribute to high higher mortality risk for patients with HCC. CONCLUSION: ADAMTS5 may play an important role in the progression of HCC, and may be considered as a novel and effective biomarker for predicting prognosis for patients with HCC.

8.
J Xray Sci Technol ; 29(2): 361-372, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33612538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility of achieving diagnostic images in low-dose abdominal CT using a Deep Learning Image Reconstruction (DLIR) algorithm. METHODS: Prospectively enrolled 47 patients requiring contrast-enhanced abdominal CT scans. The late-arterial phase scan was added and acquired using lower-dose mode (tube current range, 175-545 mA; 80 kVp for patients with BMI ≤24 kg/m2 and 100 kVp for patients with BMI > 24 kg/m2) and reconstructed with DLIR at medium setting (DLIR-M) and high setting (DLIR-H), ASIR-V at 0% (FBP), 40% and 80% strength. Both the quantitative measurement and qualitative analysis of the five types of reconstruction methods were compared. In addition, radiation dose and image quality between the early-arterial phase ASIR-V images using standard-dose and the late-arterial phase DLIR images using low-dose were compared. RESULTS: For the late-arterial phase, all five reconstructions had similar CT value (P > 0.05). DLIR-H, DLIR-M and ASIR-V80% images significantly reduced the image noise and improved the image contrast noise ratio, compared with the standard ASIR-V40% images (P < 0.05). ASIR-V80% images had undesirable image characteristics with obvious "waxy" artifacts, while DLIR-H images maintained high spatial resolution and had the highest subjective image quality. Compared with the early-arterial scans, the late-arterial phase scans significantly reduced the radiation dose (P < 0.05), while the DLIR-H images exhibited lower image noise and good display of the specific image details of lesions. CONCLUSIONS: DLIR algorithm improves image quality under low-dose scan condition and may be used to reduce the radiation dose without adversely affecting the image quality.

9.
Arch Oral Biol ; 124: 105064, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529836

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression levels of membrane-anchored complement regulatory proteins (mCRPs), CD46, CD55 and CD59 in oral lichen planus (OLP), and evaluate the activation status of complement. DESIGN: Thirty-seven cases of OLP patients (20 non-erosive OLP and 17 erosive OLP) and twenty healthy controls were recruited in this study. The proteins and mRNA expression levels of CD46, CD55 and CD59 in OLP tissues were detected by western blotting and RT-qPCR respectively, and the expression levels of complement C3 and sC5b-9 in OLP patients' saliva were detected by ELISA to evaluate the activation status of complement. In addition, mucosa tissues of another 3 non-erosive OLP patients and another 3 healthy controls were collected, and the epithelial layer of two groups were separated to culture primary keratinocytes in vitro. Immunofluorescence was used to further detect the expression of mCRPs at the cellular level. RESULTS: The levels of CD46, CD55 and CD59 in OLP tissues and cells were significantly decreased compared with those of the healthy control group, and the level of complement C3 in the patients' saliva was significantly decreased, while the level of sC5b-9 was increased. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the reduced expression of mCRPs keeps the complement system in a continuously active state, which may be the reason of the persistent local immune inflammatory state in OLP. This study aimed to provide new insights for the etiology and therapy of OLP.

10.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 395, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452258

RESUMO

The active sites for CO2 electroreduction (CO2R) to multi-carbon (C2+) products over oxide-derived copper (OD-Cu) catalysts are under long-term intense debate. This paper describes the atomic structure motifs for product-specific active sites on OD-Cu catalysts in CO2R. Herein, we describe realistic OD-Cu surface models by simulating the oxide-derived process via the molecular dynamic simulation with neural network (NN) potential. After the analysis of over 150 surface sites through NN potential based high-throughput testing, coupled with density functional theory calculations, three square-like sites for C-C coupling are identified. Among them, Σ3 grain boundary like planar-square sites and convex-square sites are responsible for ethylene production while step-square sites, i.e. n(111) × (100), favor alcohols generation, due to the geometric effect for stabilizing acetaldehyde intermediates and destabilizing Cu-O interactions, which are quantitatively demonstrated by combined theoretical and experimental results. This finding provides fundamental insights into the origin of activity and selectivity over Cu-based catalysts and illustrates the value of our research framework in identifying active sites for complex heterogeneous catalysts.

11.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455996

RESUMO

AIMS: Recent studies suggested plaque erosion with noncritical stenosis could be treated distinctly from that with critical stenosis, but their morphological features remained largely unknown. The present study aimed to investigate morphological features of eroded plaques with different lumen stenosis using optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: A total of 348 ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction patients with culprit OCT-defined plaque erosion (OCT-erosion) were analyzed. Based on the severity of lumen area stenosis, all patients with OCT-erosions were divided into the following three groups: Group A (area stenosis <50%, n=50); Group B (50% ≤area stenosis <75%, n=146); Group C (area stenosis ≥ 75%, n=152). RESULTS: Compared with patients in Groups A and B, patients in Group C were older (p=0.008) and had higher prevalence of hypertension (p=0.029). Angiographic analysis showed that 72.0% of the eroded plaques in Group A were located in the left anterior descending artery, followed by 67.8% in Group B, and 53.9% in Group C (p=0.039). OCT analysis showed that Group A had the highest prevalence of fibrous plaques (p<0.001) and nearby bifurcation (p=0.036), but the lowest prevalence of lipid-rich plaques (p<0.001), macrophage accumulation (p<0.001), microvessels (p=0.009), cholesterol crystals (p<0.001), and calcification (p=0.023). Multivariable regression analysis showed fibrous plaque (odds ratio [OR]: 3.014, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.932-4.702, p<0.001) and nearby bifurcation (OR: 1.750, 95% CI: 1.109-2.761, p=0.016) were independently associated with OCT-erosion with an area stenosis of <75%. CONCLUSIONS: More than half of OCT-erosions presented with <75% area stenosis, having distinct morphological features from those of OCT-erosions with critical stenosis. Fibrous plaque and nearby bifurcation were independently associated with noncritically stenotic OCT-erosion, suggesting that eroded plaques might need individualized treatment.

12.
Circ J ; 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33504712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Smoking is an important risk factor of plaque erosion. This study aimed to investigate the predictors of plaque erosion in current and non-current smokers presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).Methods and Results:A total of 1,320 STEMI patients with culprit plaque rupture or plaque erosion detected by pre-intervention optical coherence tomography were divided into a current smoking group (n=715) and non-current smoking group (n=605). Plaque erosion accounted for 30.8% (220/715) of culprit lesions in the current smokers and 21.2% (128/605) in the non-current smokers. Multivariable analysis showed age <50 years, single-vessel disease and the absence of dyslipidemia were independently associated with plaque erosion rather than plaque rupture, regardless of smoking status. In current smokers, diabetes mellitus (odds ratio [OR]: 0.29; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.10-0.83; P=0.021) was negatively associated with plaque erosion as compared with plaque rupture. In non-current smokers, minimal lumen area (MLA, OR: 1.37; 95% CI: 1.16-1.62; P<0.001) and nearby bifurcation (OR: 3.20; 95% CI: 1.98-5.16; P<0.001) were positively related to plaque erosion, but not plaque rupture. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with STEMI, the presence of diabetes mellitus significantly increased the risk of rupture-based STEMI but may not have reduced the risk of plaque erosion-based STEMI in current smokers. Nearby bifurcation and larger MLA were associated with plaque erosion in non-current smokers.

13.
Foodborne Pathog Dis ; 18(4): 290-296, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33512258

RESUMO

Streptococcus suis remains a serious threat to the worldwide swine industry and human health. In this study, rapid assays for the detection of three common virulence-related factors (mrp, epf, and sly) were developed, evaluated, and applied. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) primers were designed using Primer Explorer V5 software. The sensitivity and specificity of the LAMP assays were determined based on sample turbidity. For all three genes, LAMP assays were performed at 62°C with a reaction time of 60 min. The detection limit of conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was 1 ng/µL, 10 pg/µL, and 100 fg/µL for the epf, sly, and mrp genes, respectively. For the LAMP assays, the detection limits were 10 pg/µL, 10 fg/µL, and 100 fg/µL for epf, sly, and mrp, respectively, representing sensitivities 100-1000 times higher than those of the PCR assay. Furthermore, when the LAMP assays were applied to clinical strains, the results were consistent with those of the PCR assay, confirming the LAMP assays as rapid and reliable detection techniques. In conclusion, the LAMP assays described in this study have the potential to become standard methods to detect the virulence factors mrp, epf, and sly. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report the application of LAMP to detect the mrp, epf, and sly genes.

14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 2675, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514804

RESUMO

Prunus mume (also known as Mei) is an important ornamental plant that is popular with Asians. The weeping trait in P. mume has attracted the attention of researchers for its high ornamental value. However, the formation of the weeping trait of woody plants is a complex process and the molecular basis of weeping stem development is unclear. Here, the morphological and histochemical characteristics and transcriptome profiles of upright and weeping stems from P. mume were studied. Significant alterations in the histochemical characteristics of upright and weeping stems were observed, and the absence of phloem fibres and less xylem in weeping stems might be responsible for their inability to resist gravity and to grow downward. Transcriptome analysis showed that differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were enriched in phenylpropanoid biosynthesis and phytohormone signal transduction pathways. To investigate the differential responses to hormones, upright and weeping stems were treated with IAA (auxin) and GA3 (gibberellin A3), respectively, and the results revealed that weeping stems had a weaker IAA response ability and reduced upward bending angles than upright stems. On the contrary, weeping stems had increased upward bending angles than upright stems with GA3 treatment. Compared to upright stems, interestingly, DEGs associated with diterpenoid biosynthesis and phenylpropanoid biosynthesis were significantly enriched after being treated with IAA, and expression levels of genes associated with phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, ABC transporters, glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis were altered after being treated with GA3 in weeping stems. Those results reveal that multiple molecular mechanisms regulate the formation of weeping trait in P. mume, which lays a theoretical foundation for the cultivation of new varieties.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(1): e24131, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous review indicate that the effect of traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) on pulmonary heart disease (PHD) remains uncertainty. Therefore, we designed this study to systematically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of TCM in the treatment of PHD. METHODS: Nine online databases will be searched from inception to October 01, 2021, and we will not restrict the language on included trials. Randomized controlled trials that included patients with PHD receiving TCM therapy vs a control group will be included. Two of us will perform independently the selection of studies, risk of bias assessment, and data extraction. The RevMan V.5.2 software with fixed effects model or random effects model will be used to syntheses the data, according to the heterogeneity test to conduct the data synthesis. The dichotomous data and the continuous data will be presented with risk ratios with 95% confidence intervals and weighted mean differences or standardized mean differences with 95% confidence intervals. And we will use the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system to evaluate the evidence quality. RESULT: This study will assess effects and safety for TCM on PHD. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of this study will provide evidence to prove the safety and effectiveness of TCM on PHD. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY2020120024.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/normas , Doença Cardiopulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
16.
Chemosphere ; 271: 129503, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33450426

RESUMO

g-C3N4 has attracted much attention in photocatalysis field because of its good visible light response. However, its photocatalytic activity is still greatly limited by fast carriers recombination and small specific surface. In order to promote carriers separation and pollutants adsorption, a facile synthesis scheme combining hydrothermal method with secondary calcination process under N2 gas protection was developed, and highly crystalline g-C3N4 nanosheets (HCCNNS) were successfully prepared. During ciprofloxacin (CIP) and sulfamethazine (SMZ) degradation, it showed excellent visible light photocatalytic activity, wherein CIP and SMZ with 10 mg/L could achieve degradation efficiency of 98.4% and 96.9% in 60 min under visible light irradiation. Compared with conventional g-C3N4, the degradation rate constants were enhanced by 6.9 and 5.8 times, respectively. From the perspectives of morphology, optical property and surface chemistry, the ultra-high activity of HCCNNS is mainly attributed to its highly crystalline structure and nanosheet morphology, which not only reduce the carriers transfer resistance, promote the pollutants adsorption capability, but also expand the light absorption range, and promote the carriers separation. Furthermore, the synthesis procedure of HCCNNS possesses the nature of high yield and excellent cost performance, thus, HCCNNS possesses great potential for mass production and practical application for antibiotics removal.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Nanocompostos , Catálise , Ciprofloxacino , Luz
17.
Biosci Rep ; 41(1)2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350431

RESUMO

Breast carcinoma (BRCA) is the most common carcinoma among women worldwide. Despite the great progress achieved in early detection and treatment, morbidity and mortality rates remain high. In the present study, we make a systematic analysis of BRCA using TCGA database by applying CIBERSORT and ESTIMATE computational methods, uncovered CD3D as a prognostic biomarker by intersection analysis of univariate COX and protein-protein interaction (PPI). It revealed that high CD3D expression was strongly associated with poor survival of BRCA, based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and online websites. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) revealed that the high CD3D expression group was mainly enriched for the immune-related pathways and the low CD3D expression group was mainly enriched for metabolic-related activities. Based on CIBERSORT analysis, the difference test and correlation test suggested that CD3D had a strong correlation with T cells, particularly CD8 + T cells, which indicated that CD3D up-regulation may increase T cell immune infiltration in the TME and induce antitumor immunity by activating T lymphocytes. Furthermore, the correlation analysis showed that CD3D expression had a strongly positive correlation with immune checkpoints, which indicating that the underlying mechanism involves CD3D mediated regulation of T cell functions in BRCA, and single cell RNA-seq analysis revealed that CD3D correlate with CD8 + T cells and it is itself highly expressed in CD8 + T cells. In summary, we identified a prognostic biomarker CD3D in BRCA, which was associated with lymphocyte infiltration, immune checkpoints and could be developed for innovative therapeutics of BRCA.

18.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 21(1): 262-273, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213628

RESUMO

This paper comprehensively studies the micro- and nanometer-scale pore characteristics and structure of the Lucaogou Formation shale oil reservoir in the Jimsar Sag using high-pressure mercury analysis, field emission scanning electron microscopy and nano-CT scanning technology. In addition, the occurrence states of crude oil in pores are analyzed combined with macro-micro characteristics. The results show that there are various reservoir types; the main reservoir pore structure is on the micron and nanometer levels, with other void spaces including intergranular pores, interparticle dissolution pores, intercrystalline pores and microfissures. Nanopores are generally oil-bearing and mostly in the adsorption state, which changes the traditional understanding that micron pores are the only microscopic pores in the reservoir and confirms that shale oil exists in 'sweet spots' and mud-shale sections of the Lucaogou Formation.

19.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300798

RESUMO

Sodium (Na) metal is considered as a promising anode candidate for large-scale energy storage systems because of its high theoretical capacity and low electrochemical redox potential. However, Na anode suffers from a few challenges, such as the dendrite growth and severe parasitic reactions with electrolytes, which greatly hinder its practical applications. In this work, we demonstrate that an organosulfur compound additive (tetramethylthiuram disulfide) provides a facile and promising approach to overcome the above challenges in carbonate-based electrolytes. This unique organosulfur additive can in situ form a stable interfacial protection layer rich in organic sulfide salts on the sodium metal surface during cycling, leading to a stable stripping/plating cycling. Additionally, a cycling Coulombic efficiency of 94.25% is achieved, and the full battery using Prussian Blue as a cathode delivers a reversible capacity of 86.2 mAh g-1 with a capacity retention of 80% after 600 cycles at 4 C.

20.
Poult Sci ; 99(12): 7046-7054, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33248621

RESUMO

Salmonella spp. are one of the most important foodborne bacterial pathogens in human beings and animals. This study aimed to analyze the prevalence and characterization of Salmonella from broilers in Shandong, China. A total of 67 Salmonella were recovered from 600 rectal swabs collected from 3 large-scale intensive broiler farms (67/600, 11.2%) between May and October 2018. Among Salmonella isolates, the most common serovars were S. enteritidis and S. typhimurium. The highest occurrence of resistance observed was for polymyxin (100%), followed by ampicillin (68.7%). The multidrug-resistant Salmonella isolation rate was observed to be 53.7%. Four ß-lactamase genes were detected among the isolates, and all the isolates carried blaTEM (67/67, 100%), followed by blaOXA (19/67, 28.4%), blaCTX-M (17/67, 25.4%), and blaPSE (7/67, 10.4%). Four plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance gene were detected among the isolates; the prevalent resistance genes was aac(6')-Ib-cr (18/67, 26.9%), followed by oqxB (9/67, 13.4%), qnrB (6/67, 9.0%), and qnrD (1/67, 1.5%). The prevalent rate of mcr-1 was 6.0% (4/67). Class 1 integrons were detected in 26.9% of these isolates and contained 7 groups of resistance gene cassettes. Multilocus sequence typing analysis revealed 7 sequence types, and ST11 was the most frequent sequence types. This study indicated that reduction of Salmonella and strict control on the use of antibiotics in more than 5,000 million broilers in Shandong are the vitally important measures to keep public health.

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