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1.
Crit Care ; 24(1): 268, 2020 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32460890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The intestinal microbiota plays a crucial role in human health, which could affect host immunity and the susceptibility to infectious diseases. However, the role of intestinal microbiota in the immunopathology of invasive candidiasis remains unknown. METHODS: In this work, an antibiotic cocktail was used to eliminate the intestinal microbiota of conventional-housed (CNV) C57/BL6 mice, and then both antibiotic-treated (ABX) mice and CNV mice were intravenously infected with Candida albicans to investigate their differential responses to infection. Furthermore, fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) was applied to ABX mice in order to assess its effects on host immunity against invasive candidiasis after restoring the intestinal microbiota, and 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing was conducted on fecal samples from both uninfected ABX and CNV group of mice to analyze their microbiomes. RESULTS: We found that ABX mice displayed significantly increased weight loss, mortality, and organ damage during invasive candidiasis when compared with CNV mice, which could be alleviated by FMT. In addition, the level of IL-17A in ABX mice was significantly lower than that in the CNV group during invasive candidiasis. Treatment with recombinant IL-17A could improve the survival of ABX mice during invasive candidiasis. Besides, the microbial diversity of ABX mice was significantly reduced, and the intestinal microbiota structure of ABX mice was significantly deviated from the CNV mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our data revealed that intestinal microbiota plays a protective role in invasive candidiasis by enhancing IL-17A production in our model system.

2.
Biosci Rep ; 2020 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32463098

RESUMO

Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is considered as an endogenous negative regulator of renin-angiotensin system (RAS), exerting multiple cardiovascular protective roles. Whether mechanical stretch modulates ACE2 expression remains unknown. The present study aimed at investigating whether ACE2 is involved in physiological stretch (10% elongation, 1Hz) mediated cellular functions and the underlying mechanism. Cultured human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) were exposed to 10% stretch for indicated time, real-time PCR and Western blot analysis showed 10% stretch increased ACE2 expression and activity significantly compared to static conditions, and increased Ang-(1-7) level, but decreased Ang II level; Brdu incorporation assay and Scratch test showed that ACE2 was involved in the inhibition of HASMCs proliferation and migration by 10% stretch; the Dual-Luciferase Reporter Assay demonstrated that 10% increased ACE2 promoter activity, but had no effect on ACE2 mRNA stability; kinase inhibition study and Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) showed that JNK1/2 and PKCßII pathway, as well as their downstream transcription factors AP-1 and NF-κB were involved in 10% stretch induced ACE2 expression. In conclusion, our study indicates ACE2 is a mechanosensitive gene, may represent a potential therapeutic target for mechanical forces related vascular diseases.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32361956

RESUMO

Two novel Gram-stain negative, moderately thermophilic, aerobic, rod-shaped strains, designated 3D203T and 3D207, were isolated from hot spring sediment samples collected from Tibet, western China. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities showed that two isolates belonged to the genus Microvirga and were most closely related to Microvirga makkahensis SV1470T (98.5% and 98.4%, respectively) and two strains had 99.8% similarity to each other. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) based on whole genome sequences of two strains and M. makkahensis SV1470T was 80.8% and 80.78%, respectively. Optimum growth was observed at 45 °C, pH 7.0 and 0.5% NaCl. They both could tolerate to high concentration arsenic. Ubiquinone 10 (Q10) was their predominant quinone. The differences of strains 3D203T and 3D207 were phosphatidyl dimethyl ethanolamine, phosphatidyl-N-methylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, unidentified glycolipids and unidentified lipids. The major fatty acids (> 5%) were identified C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c, C18:0 and C16:0. The genomic DNA G + C contents of strain 3D203T and 3D207 based on whole genome sequences were 64.8% and 64.7%, respectively. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, phylogenetic and genomic analyses suggested that two strains represent a novel species of the genus Microvirga, for which the name Microvirga arsenatis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 3D203T (= CGMCC 1.17691T = KCTC 72653T).

5.
Virol Sin ; 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430872

RESUMO

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease with high mortality (12%-30%). The mechanism by which the SFTS bunyavirus (SFTSV) causes severe illness remains unclear. To evaluate the phenotypic and functional characteristics of the NK cell subsets in SFTS patients, twenty-nine SFTS patients were sequentially sampled from admission until recovery. Phenotypic and functional characteristics of NK cell subsets in circulating blood were analysed via flow cytometry. Then, correlations between NK cell subset frequencies and the SFTS index (SFTSI) were evaluated in all SFTS patients (15 mild, 14 severe) upon admission. The frequencies of CD56dimCD16+ NK cells were greatly decreased in early SFTSV infection and were negatively correlated with disease severity. Additionally, higher Ki-67 and granzyme B expression and relatively lower NKG2A expression in CD56dimCD16+ NK cells were observed in acute infection. Moreover, the effector function of CD56dim NK cells was increased in the acute phase compared with the recovery phase in nine severe SFTS patients. Additionally, interleukin (IL)-15, interferon (IFN)-α, IL-18 and IFN-γ secretion was markedly increased during early infection. Collectively, despite depletion of CD56dimCD16+ NK cells, activation and functional enhancement of CD56dimCD16+ NK cells were still observed, suggesting their involvement in defence against early SFTSV infection.

6.
NPJ Biofilms Microbiomes ; 6(1): 20, 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350263

RESUMO

The perplexity of the complex multispecies community interactions is one of the many reasons why majority of the microorganisms are still uncultivated. We analyzed the entire co-occurrence networks between the OTUs of Tibet and Yunnan hot spring samples, and found that less abundant OTUs such as genus Tepidimonas (relative abundant <1%) had high-degree centricity (key nodes), while dominant OTUs particularly genus Chloroflexus (relative abundant, 13.9%) formed the peripheral vertexes. A preliminary growth-promotion assay determined that Tepidimonas sp. strain SYSU G00190W enhanced the growth of Chloroflexus sp. SYSU G00190R. Exploiting this result, an ameliorated isolation medium containing 10% spent-culture supernatant of Tepidimonas sp. strain SYSU G00190W was prepared for targeted isolation of Chloroflexi in the Tibet and Yunnan hot spring samples. 16S rRNA gene fingerprinting characterized majority of the colonies isolated from these media as previously uncultivated Chloroflexi, of which 36 are potential novel species (16S rRNA sequence identity <98.5%). Metabolomes studies indicated that the spent-culture supernatant comprises several low-molecular-weight organic substrates that can be utilized as potential nutrients for the growth of these bacteria. These findings suggested that limited knowledge on the interaction of microbes provide threshold to traditional isolation method.

7.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0230295, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32298273

RESUMO

The new type of pneumonia caused by the SARS-CoV-2 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) has been declared as a global public health concern by WHO. As of April 3, 2020, more than 1,000,000 human infections have been diagnosed around the world, which exhibited apparent person-to-person transmission characteristics of this virus. The capacity of vertical transmission in SARS-CoV-2 remains controversial recently. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is now confirmed as the receptor of SARS-CoV-2 and plays essential roles in human infection and transmission. In present study, we collected the online available single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) data to evaluate the cell specific expression of ACE2 in maternal-fetal interface as well as in multiple fetal organs. Our results revealed that ACE2 was highly expressed in maternal-fetal interface cells including stromal cells and perivascular cells of decidua, and cytotrophoblast and syncytiotrophoblast in placenta. Meanwhile, ACE2 was also expressed in specific cell types of human fetal heart, liver and lung, but not in kidney. And in a study containing series fetal and post-natal mouse lung, we observed ACE2 was dynamically changed over the time, and ACE2 was extremely high in neonatal mice at post-natal day 1~3. In summary, this study revealed that the SARS-CoV-2 receptor was widely spread in specific cell types of maternal-fetal interface and fetal organs. And thus, both the vertical transmission and the placenta dysfunction/abortion caused by SARS-CoV-2 need to be further carefully investigated in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Relações Materno-Fetais , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , Vírus da SARS/metabolismo , Animais , Infecções por Coronavirus/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Pandemias , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Pneumonia Viral/genética , Análise de Célula Única , Transcriptoma
8.
J Adolesc Health ; 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32331930

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the extent to which adolescents aged 10-14 have communicated about sexual relationships, pregnancy, and contraception and how agency in the form of voice and decision-making along with an enabling socioecological environment are associated with sexual and reproductive health (SRH) communication. METHODS: Using data from the Global Early Adolescent Study, we included 1,367, 697, and 1,424 adolescents in Kinshasa, Cuenca, and Shanghai, respectively. Patterns of SRH communication and agency levels were described by site and sex. Multivariable logistic regressions assessed odds of SRH communication first in relation to socioecological characteristics and second with levels of agency, after adjustment for social environmental factors. Interaction terms tested sex differences in associations. RESULTS: Experiences of SRH communication ranged from one in ten in Kinshasa to about half in Cuenca. Pregnancy was the most discussed SRH topic. Socioecological factors consistently related to SRH communication included older age and pubertal onset, while others varied by context. In multivariable analyses, voice was linked to all forms of SRH communication in Kinshasa and Cuenca with adjusted odds ratios ranging from 1.6 to 2.2, but not in Shanghai. In Cuenca, decision-making was associated with a 50% and 60% increase in odds of communication about pregnancy and contraception, respectively. In Kinshasa, a stronger association between voice and pregnancy discussions was observed for girls than boys. CONCLUSIONS: Developmental characteristics and voice were linked to communication about SRH among young adolescents across two contexts. Results suggest agency may play a role in shaping antecedents, like communication, to sexual behaviors.

9.
J Clin Neurosci ; 2020 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32336636

RESUMO

Mandatory accurate and specific diagnosis demands have brought about increased challenges for radiologists in pediatric posterior fossa tumor prediction and prognosis. With the development of high-performance computing and machine learning technologies, radiomics provides increasing opportunities for clinical decision-making. Several studies have applied radiomics as a decision support tool in intracranial tumors differentiation. Here we seek to achieve preoperative differentiation between ependymoma (EP) and pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) using radiomics analysis method based on machine learning. A total of 135 Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) slices are divided into training sets and validation sets. Three kinds of radiomics features, including Gabor transform, texture and wavelet transform based ones are used to obtain 300 multimodal features. Kruskal-Wallis test score (KWT) and support vector machines (SVM) are applied for feature selection and tumor differentiation. The performance is investigated via accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) analysis. Results show that the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and AUC of the selected feature set are 0.8775, 0.9292, 0.8000, and 0.8646 respectively, having no significantdifferencescomparedwiththe overall feature set. For different types of features, texture features yield the best differentiation performance and the significance analysis results are consistent with this. Our study demonstrates texture features perform better than the other features. The radiomics approach based on machine learning is efficient for pediatric posterior fossa tumors differentiation and could enhance the application of radiomics methods for assisted clinical diagnosis.

10.
Brain Res Bull ; 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32344127

RESUMO

Multi-brain network, also known as a social cooperative network, is formed by multiple animal or human brains, whose changes of functional connectivity in the intra- and inter-brain during construction are unclear at present. To investigate the intra- and inter-brain functional connectivity of pigeons while performing a social cooperation task, we designed a inter-brain synchronization task to train three pigeons to synchronize their neural activities using cross-brain neurofeedback. Then the neural signals of three pigeons were simultaneously recorded by using a hyperscanning approach, and inter-brain synchronization was calculated using the phase-locked value (PLV) online. Finally, the intra- and inter-brain functional connectivity of three pigeons were analyzed. We found that during long-term neurofeedback training, with the increasing of the inter-brain synchronization of three pigeons, the intra- and inter-brain functional connectivity also enhance significantly. Moreover, we also found that the above phenomenon relies on the external visual cue. These result suggest that the promotion of social cooperation is the result of the modulation between the intra- and inter-brain, which may be an underlying neural mechanism of communication and cooperation among individuals in social networks.

11.
J Dermatol ; 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32346906

RESUMO

Ectodermal dysplasia-skin fragility (EDSF) syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by skin fragility, chronic cheilitis, palmoplantar keratoderma, abnormal hair growth and nail dystrophy. EDSF syndrome is caused by mutations in the PKP1 gene encoding plakophilin-1, which result in desmosomal abnormality and poor intercellular cohesion between epidermal cells. Herein, we report a novel homozygous deletion of the PKP1 gene in a Chinese boy with EDSF syndrome. Our study expands the database on PKP1 mutations and emphasizes the key role played by PKP1 in the structure and function of the epidermal desmosomes. In addition, we describe the ultrastructural changes of the curly hair in patients with EDSF syndrome for the first time.

12.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0232478, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32348349

RESUMO

The turning points of housing prices play a significant role in the real estate market and economy. However, because multiple factors impact the market, the prediction of the turning points of housing prices faces significant challenges. To solve this problem, in this study, a historical data-based model that incorporates a multi-population genetic algorithm with elitism into the log-periodic power law model is proposed. This model overcomes the weaknesses of multivariate and univariate methods that it does not require any external factors while achieving excellent interpretations. We applied the model to the case study collected from housing prices in Wuhan, China, from December 2016 to October 2018. To verify its reliability, we compared the results of the proposed model to those of the log-periodic power law model optimized by the standard genetic algorithm and simulated annealing, the results of which indicate that the proposed model performs best in terms of prediction. Efficiently predicting and analyzing the housing prices will help the government promulgate effective policies for regulating the real estate market and protect home buyers.

13.
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 271-279, 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32329279

RESUMO

Spike recorded by multi-channel microelectrode array is very weak and susceptible to interference, whose noisy characteristic affects the accuracy of spike detection. Aiming at the independent white noise, correlation noise and colored noise in the process of spike detection, combining principal component analysis (PCA), wavelet analysis and adaptive time-frequency analysis, a new denoising method (PCWE) that combines PCA-wavelet (PCAW) and ensemble empirical mode decomposition is proposed. Firstly, the principal component was extracted and removed as correlation noise using PCA. Then the wavelet-threshold method was used to remove the independent white noise. Finally, EEMD was used to decompose the noise into the intrinsic modal function of each layer and remove the colored noise. The simulation results showed that PCWE can increase the signal-to-noise ratio by about 2.67 dB and decrease the standard deviation by about 0.4 µV, which apparently improved the accuracy of spike detection. The results of measured data showed that PCWE can increase the signal-to-noise ratio by about 1.33 dB and reduce the standard deviation by about 18.33 µV, which showed its good denoising performance. The results of this study suggests that PCWE can improve the reliability of spike signal and provide an accurate and effective spike denoising new method for the encoding and decoding of neural signal.

15.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 154: 1050-1073, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201207

RESUMO

Recently, environmental and ecological concerns are increasing due to the usage of petroleum-based products so the synthesis of ultra-fine chemicals and functional materials from natural resources is drawing a tremendous level of attention. Nanocellulose, a unique and promising natural material extracted from native cellulose, may prove to be most ecofriendly materials that are technically and economically feasible in modern times, minimizing the pollution generation. Nanocellulose has gained tremendous attention for its use in various applications, due to its excellent special surface chemistry, physical properties, and remarkable biological properties (biodegradability, biocompatibility, and non-toxicity). Various types of nanocellulose, viz. cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs), cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs), and bacterial nanocellulose (BNC), are deeply introduced and compared in this work in terms of sources, production, structures and properties. The metal and metal oxides especially zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) are broadly used in various fields due to the diversity of functional properties such as antimicrobial and ultraviolet (UV) properties. Thus, the advancement of nanocellulose and zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs)-based composites materials are summarized in this article in terms of the preparation methods and remarkable properties with the help of recent knowledge and significant findings (especially from the past six years reports). The nanocellulose materials complement zinc oxide nanoparticles, where they impart their functional properties to the nanoparticle composites. As a result hybrid nanocomposite containing nanocellulose/zinc oxide composite has shown excellent mechanical, UV barrier, and antibacterial properties. The nanocellulose based hybrid nanomaterials have huge potential applications in the area of food packaging, biopharmaceuticals, biomedical, and cosmetics. Thus the functional composite materials containing nanocellulose and zinc oxide will determine the potential biomedical application for nanocellulose.

16.
J Food Sci ; 85(4): 956-963, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159235

RESUMO

Large deformation characteristics in biaxial tensile and stress relaxation, and small deformation properties in frequency sweeping and microstructure of dough produced by three kinds of mixers were assessed in this study. Differences in noodle quality were also compared. Results indicated that dough made by vacuum or spiral mixer had good resistance to external force and good resilience. But the dough and noodles made by vacuum mixer showed the best tensile and cooking properties respectively, and had overall the best performance. Confocal microscopy revealed that the protein matrix of the three doughs formed along the direction of shear flow, whereas the starch granules of dough made by the vacuum mixer were tightly wrapped in gluten, resulting in a compact and sequential gluten network. Other samples showed signs of minor structural damage (pin mixer) or the presence of holes (spiral mixer). Assessment using Pearson correlation analysis identified a number of significant correlation coefficients between the dough rheological characteristics and noodle quality. Characterization of biaxial tensile and stress relaxation was advantageous for noodle assessment prediction. The index of flow and degree of deformation were negatively correlated with tensile properties. Frequency scanning is superior in predicting cooking and stretching characteristics of noodles. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: The research provides technical guidance for obtaining better dough in noodle processing.

17.
Heart Rhythm ; 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The unique malformation of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (cc-TGA) makes the pulmonary outflow tract (POT) a possible origin of atrial tachycardia (AT). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the mapping characteristics of ATs successfully ablated at the POT in patients with cc-TGA. METHODS: Patients with cc-TGA with AT eliminated at the POT were analyzed. Activation mapping of the atria and POT was performed under the guidance of a 3-dimensional electroanatomic mapping system. The activation pattern of these chambers was investigated, with the local activation time (LAT; using coronary sinus ostium as a reference) of the earliest activation site (EAS) being compared. RESULTS: AT eliminated at the POT was documented in 5 of 6 patients with cc-TGA. The EAS was at the right anteroseptal region with a LAT of 33 (21-120) ms in the right atrium and at the septal wall with a comparable LAT (26, 47, and 26 ms; P = .604) in the left atrium. The EAS of the POT was in the vicinity of the left-facing pulmonary sinus cusp in 3 cases and the nonfacing pulmonary sinus cusp in 2 cases, with a LAT of 106 (28-134) ms preceding both atria. Ablation at this site successfully eliminated AT in all 5 cases. CONCLUSION: AT arising adjacent to the POT is not an uncommon tachycardia in patients with situs solitus-type cc-TGA and can be safely eliminated by ablation targeting the EAS in the POT.

18.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32194022

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between apoptosis inhibitor of macrophage (AIM) and disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: In this study, concentrations of serum AIM in 110 RA patients, 38 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and 50 sex- and age-matched control subjects were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: Serum AIM concentrations in RA patients were dramatically higher than those from patients with OA or healthy controls. The levels of synovial fluid AIM displayed a significant increase as compared with OA patients. More importantly, AIM levels were significantly correlated with RA disease activity features such as ESR, CRP and DAS28. The predictive value of AIM on high disease activity was superior to those of CRP and ESR. A noteworthy correlation in our study was observed between the serum AIM levels and laboratory parameters, particularly serum lipids. Furthermore, serum AIM levels could be significantly down-regulated after effective integrative treatment. CONCLUSIONS: AIM may serve as a novel sensitive biomarker to assist disease activity assessment and monitor therapeutic effects in active RA patients.

19.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 37(4): 933-943, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32130613

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There are well-documented racial and ethnic disparities for in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes, including disparities in clinical pregnancy and live birth rate. Obesity has also been associated with an increase in the risk of infertility and reduction in the efficacy of fertility treatment. However, there are limited data regarding the potential effect of race and obesity on in vitro embryo development. The purpose of this study was to determine whether blastocyst formation rates vary with race and body mass index (BMI). METHODS: This retrospective analysis included 1134 fresh autologous cycles (N = 8266 embryos), which took place from January 2013 to December 2016. Women were categorized as Caucasian, Asian (not Indian), and Indian (South Asian) and by BMI categories (normal, overweight, and obese). Regression analyses were performed using race and BMI as the primary predictor variables and blastocyst formation as the outcome. RESULTS: Compared to Caucasian, the adjusted OR for blastocyst development was 0.85 (95% CI 0.72-1.00) for Asian women and 1.15 (95% CI 0.95-1.38) for Indian women. Women who were overweight (aOR 0.93; 95% CI 0.77-1.12) or obese (aOR 0.92; 95% CI 0.74-1.12) had similar odds of blastocyst formation comparing to women with normal BMI. Furthermore, analyses examining combined effects of race and BMI revealed no differences in blastocyst formation among Asian or Indian women with varied BMI categories compared to Caucasian women with normal BMI. CONCLUSION: Blastocyst formation did not differ based on race or BMI.

20.
Mol Cancer ; 19(1): 64, 2020 03 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209098

RESUMO

Empowered by recent advances of sequencing techniques, transcriptome-wide studies have characterized over 150 different types of post-transcriptional chemical modifications of RNA, ranging from methylations of single base to complex installing reactions catalyzed by coordinated actions of multiple modification enzymes. These modifications have been shown to regulate the function and fate of RNAs and further affecting various cellular events. However, the current understanding of their biological functions in human diseases, especially in cancers, is still limited. Once regarded as "junk" or "noise" of the transcriptome, noncoding RNA (ncRNA) has been proved to be involved in a plethora of cellular signaling pathways especially those regulating cancer initiation and progression. Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that ncRNAs manipulate multiple phenotypes of cancer cells including proliferation, metastasis and chemoresistance and may become promising biomarkers and targets for diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Importantly, recent studies have mapped plenty of modified residues in ncRNA transcripts, indicating the existence of epigenetic modulation of ncRNAs and the potential effects of RNA modulation on cancer progression. In this review, we briefly introduced the characteristics of several main epigenetic marks on ncRNAs and summarized their consecutive effects on cancer cells. We found that ncRNAs could act both as regulators and targets of epigenetic enzymes, which indicated a cross-regulating network in cancer cells and unveil a novel dimension of cancer biology. Moreover, by epitomizing the knowledge of RNA epigenetics, our work may pave the way for the design of patient-tailored therapeutics of cancers.

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