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1.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233458

RESUMO

Palladium diselenide (PdSe2), a peculiar noble metal dichalcogenide, has emerged as a new two-dimensional material with high predicted carrier mobility and a widely tunable band gap for device applications. The inherent in-plane anisotropy endowed by the pentagonal structure further renders PdSe2 promising for novel electronic, photonic, and thermoelectric applications. However, the direct synthesis of few-layer PdSe2 is still challenging and rarely reported. Here, we demonstrate that few-layer, single-crystal PdSe2 flakes can be synthesized at a relatively low growth temperature (300 °C) on sapphire substrates using low-pressure chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The well-defined rectangular domain shape and precisely determined layer number of the CVD-grown PdSe2 enable us to investigate their layer-dependent and in-plane anisotropic properties. The experimentally determined layer-dependent band gap shrinkage combined with first-principle calculations suggest that the interlayer interaction is weaker in few-layer PdSe2 in comparison with that in bulk crystals. Field-effect transistors based on the CVD-grown PdSe2 also show performances comparable to those based on exfoliated samples. The low-temperature synthesis method reported here provides a feasible approach to fabricate high-quality few-layer PdSe2 for device applications.

2.
Nanotechnology ; 31(27): 275204, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208372

RESUMO

A new flexible memory element is crucial for mobile and wearable electronics. A new concept for memory operation and innovative device structure with new materials is certainly required to address the bottleneck of memory applications now and in the future. We report a new nonvolatile molecular memory with a new operating mechanism based on two-dimensional (2D) material nanochannel field-effect transistors (FETs). The smallest channel length for our 2D material nanochannel FETs was approximately 30 nm. The modified molecular configuration for charge induced in the nanochannel of the MoS2 FET can be tuned by applying an up-gate voltage pulse, which can vary the channel conductance to exhibit memory states. Through controlling the amounts of triggered molecules through either different gate voltage pulses or gate duration time, multilevel states were obtained in the molecular memory. These new molecular memory transistors exhibited an erase/program ratio of more than three orders of current magnitude and high sensitivity, of a few picoamperes, at the current level. Reproducible operation and four-level states with stable retention and endurance were achieved. We believe this prototype device has potential for use in future memory devices.

3.
Am J Clin Pathol ; 152(2): 243-252, 2019 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31140551

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of TNFAIP3 deletions and NF-κB activation in extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL), nasal type. METHODS: In total, 138 patients with ENKTCL were included. Activation of NF-κB pathway and expression of TNFAIP3 (A20) were examined by immunohistochemistry. TNFAIP3 was analyzed for deletions using FICTION (fluorescence immunophenotyping and interphase cytogenetics as a tool for investigating neoplasms), for mutations using Sanger sequencing, and for promoter methylation using methylation-specific sequencing. RESULTS: NF-κB pathway activation was observed in 31.2% of cases (43/138), TNFAIP3 expression was negative in 15.2% of cases (21/138), and heterozygous TNFAIP3 deletion was observed in 35% of cases (35/100). TNFAIP3 exons 2 to 9 mutations and promoter methylation were not observed. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed patients with NF-κB pathway activation or TNFAIP3 heterozygous deletion to have a longer overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that NF-κB activation and TNFAIP3 heterozygous deletion confer superior survival in patients with ENKTCL.


Assuntos
Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Proteína 3 Induzida por Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Feminino , Deleção de Genes , Humanos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/metabolismo , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/mortalidade , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Proteína 3 Induzida por Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
4.
ACS Nano ; 13(5): 6050-6059, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31074961

RESUMO

Identifying the point defects in 2D materials is important for many applications. Recent studies have proposed that W vacancies are the predominant point defect in 2D WSe2, in contrast to theoretical studies, which predict that chalcogen vacancies are the most likely intrinsic point defects in transition metal dichalcogenide semiconductors. We show using first-principles calculations, scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), and scanning transmission electron microscopy experiments that W vacancies are not present in our CVD-grown 2D WSe2. We predict that O-passivated Se vacancies (OSe) and O interstitials (Oins) are present in 2D WSe2, because of facile O2 dissociation at Se vacancies or due to the presence of WO3 precursors in CVD growth. These defects give STM images in good agreement with experiment. The optical properties of point defects in 2D WSe2 are important because single-photon emission (SPE) from 2D WSe2 has been observed experimentally. While strain gradients funnel the exciton in real space, point defects are necessary for the localization of the exciton at length scales that enable photons to be emitted one at a time. Using state-of-the-art GW-Bethe-Salpeter-equation calculations, we predict that only Oins defects give localized excitons within the energy range of SPE in previous experiments, making them a likely source of previously observed SPE. No other point defects (OSe, Se vacancies, W vacancies, and SeW antisites) give localized excitons in the same energy range. Our predictions suggest ways to realize SPE in related 2D materials and point experimentalists toward other energy ranges for SPE in 2D WSe2.

5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 134: 1108-1112, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31121224

RESUMO

The combined effects of extrusion (ET) and heat-moisture treatments (EHMT) on the physicochemical properties and in vitro digestibility of corn starch were investigated. Extrusion played a dominant role in reducing relative crystallinity and resistant starch (RS) content, but the swelling power, solubility, rapidly digestible starch (RDS) and slowly digestible starch (SDS) content were increased compared to native starch. EHMT resulted in a decreased swelling power, solubility and a transition in the X-ray diffraction from V- to V+A-type pattern, indicating a structural transformation toward an increased thermodynamic stability. The gelatinization temperatures shifted to higher values while the enthalpy was increased from 1.556 J/g in ET to 3.542 J/g in EHMT. The SDS and RS contents of starch granules were significantly increased, with the latter being increased from 63.03% in ET starch to 71.48% in EHMT starch.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Químicos , Temperatura Alta , Amido/química , Hidrólise , Solubilidade , Análise Espectral , Amido/ultraestrutura , Termodinâmica , Difração de Raios X
6.
Nature ; 567(7747): 169-170, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30862924
7.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 14947, 2018 10 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30297722

RESUMO

Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) have been used to treat human diseases for thousands of years. Among them, Ginkgo biloba is reported to be beneficial to the nervous system and a potential treatment of neurological disorders. Since the presence of adult neural stem cells (NSCs) brings hope that the brain may heal itself, whether the effect of Ginkgo biloba is on NSCs remains elusive. In this study, we found that Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) and one of its main ingredients, ginkgolide B (GB) promoted cell cycle exit and neuronal differentiation in NSCs derived from the postnatal subventricular zone (SVZ) of the mouse lateral ventricle. Furthermore, the administration of GB increased the nuclear level of ß-catenin and activated the canonical Wnt pathway. Knockdown of ß-catenin blocked the neurogenic effect of GB, suggesting that GB promotes neuronal differentiation through the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Thus, our data provide a potential mechanism underlying the therapeutic effect of GBE or GB on brain injuries and neurodegenerative disorders.


Assuntos
Ginkgolídeos/farmacologia , Lactonas/farmacologia , Ventrículos Laterais/citologia , Células-Tronco Neurais/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Cultivadas , Ventrículos Laterais/efeitos dos fármacos , Ventrículos Laterais/metabolismo , Camundongos , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo
8.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 11398, 2018 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30061708

RESUMO

Raman scattering measurements of monolayer WS2 are reported as a function of the laser excitation energies from the near-infrared (1.58 eV) to the deep-ultraviolet (4.82 eV). In particular, we observed several strong Raman peaks in the range of 700∼850 cm-1 with the deep-ultraviolet laser lights (4.66 eV and 4.82 eV). Using the first-principles calculations, these peaks and other weak peaks were appropriately assigned by the double resonance Raman scattering spectra of phonons around the M and K points in the hexagonal Brillouin zone. The relative intensity of the first-order [Formula: see text] to A1g peak changes dramatically with the 1.58 eV and 2.33 eV laser excitations, while the comparable relative intensity was observed for other laser energies. The disappearance of the [Formula: see text] peak with the 1.58 eV laser light comes from the fact that valley polarization of the laser light surpasses the [Formula: see text] mode since the [Formula: see text] mode is the helicity-exchange Raman mode. On the other hand, the disappearance of the A1g peak with the 2.33 eV laser light might be due to the strain effect on the electron-phonon matrix element.

9.
Planta Med ; 84(18): 1348-1354, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29986352

RESUMO

Phytochemical investigation of ethanol extracts from two Taiwanese collections of Vernonia cinerea resulted in the isolation of eighteen hirsutinolide-type sesquiterpenoids, including seven new ones designated as vernolides E - K (1: -7: ). All structures were determined by a combination of detailed spectroscopic analyses (NMR and MS) and comparison with reported data. In an in vitro anti-inflammatory assay, compounds 3, 7, 9, 11: , and 14: exhibited strong inhibitory activities toward NO production by LPS-induced RAW264.7 macrophages, with IC50 values of 1.18, 0.85, 0.66, 0.71 and 0.45 µM, respectively, without affecting cellular viability at 40 µM. Preliminary structure-activity relationships indicate that the ester groups at C-8 and C-13 may enhance inhibition of NO production.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Vernonia/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Células RAW 264.7 , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
10.
Nano Lett ; 18(8): 5172-5178, 2018 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29969565

RESUMO

Studies of the ultrafast carrier dynamics of transition metal dichalcogenides have employed spatially averaged measurements, which obfuscate the rich variety of dynamics that originate from the structural heterogeneity of these materials. Here, we employ femtosecond time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy (TR-PEEM) with sub-80 nm spatial resolution to image the ultrafast subpicosecond to picosecond carrier dynamics of monolayer tungsten diselenide (WSe2). The dynamics observed following 2.41 eV pump and 3.61 eV probe occurs on two distinct time scales. The 0.1 ps process is assigned to electron cooling via intervalley scattering, whereas the picosecond dynamics is attributed to exciton-exciton annihilation. The 70 fs decay dynamics observed at negative time delay reflects electronic relaxation from the Γ point. Analysis of the TR-PEEM data furnishes the spatial distributions of the various time constants within a single WSe2 flake. The spatial heterogeneity of the lifetime maps is consistent with increased disorder along the edges of the flake and the presence of nanoscale charge puddles in the interior. Our results indicate the need to go beyond spatially averaged time-resolved measurements to understand the influence of structural heterogeneities on the elementary carrier dynamics of two-dimensional materials.

11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(18): 15996-16004, 2018 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29658267

RESUMO

Controlling circularly polarized (CP) states of light is critical to the development of functional devices for key and emerging applications such as display technology and quantum communication, and the compact circular polarization-tunable photon source is one critical element to realize the applications in the chip-scale integrated system. The atomic layers of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) exhibit intrinsic CP emissions and are potential chiroptical materials for ultrathin CP photon sources. In this work, we demonstrated CP photon sources of TMDCs with device thicknesses approximately 50 nm. CP photoluminescence from the atomic layers of tungsten diselenide (WSe2) was precisely controlled with chiral metamolecules (MMs), and the optical chirality of WSe2 was enhanced more than 4 times by integrating with the MMs. Both the enhanced and reversed circular dichroisms had been achieved. Through integrations of the novel gain material and plasmonic structure which are both low-dimensional, a compact device capable of efficiently manipulating emissions of CP photon was realized. These ultrathin devices are suitable for important applications such as the optical information technology and chip-scale biosensing.

12.
Science ; 359(6375): 579-582, 2018 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29420291

RESUMO

Chirality reveals symmetry breaking of the fundamental interaction of elementary particles. In condensed matter, for example, the chirality of electrons governs many unconventional transport phenomena such as the quantum Hall effect. Here we show that phonons can exhibit intrinsic chirality in monolayer tungsten diselenide. The broken inversion symmetry of the lattice lifts the degeneracy of clockwise and counterclockwise phonon modes at the corners of the Brillouin zone. We identified the phonons by the intervalley transfer of holes through hole-phonon interactions during the indirect infrared absorption, and we confirmed their chirality by the infrared circular dichroism arising from pseudoangular momentum conservation. The chiral phonons are important for electron-phonon coupling in solids, phonon-driven topological states, and energy-efficient information processing.

13.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 13(2): 152-158, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29335568

RESUMO

Monolayer transition metal dichalcogenide heterojunctions, including vertical and lateral p-n junctions, have attracted considerable attention due to their potential applications in electronics and optoelectronics. Lattice-misfit strain in atomically abrupt lateral heterojunctions, such as WSe2-MoS2, offers a new band-engineering strategy for tailoring their electronic properties. However, this approach requires an understanding of the strain distribution and its effect on band alignment. Here, we study a WSe2-MoS2 lateral heterojunction using scanning tunnelling microscopy and image its moiré pattern to map the full two-dimensional strain tensor with high spatial resolution. Using scanning tunnelling spectroscopy, we measure both the strain and the band alignment of the WSe2-MoS2 lateral heterojunction. We find that the misfit strain induces type II to type I band alignment transformation. Scanning transmission electron microscopy reveals the dislocations at the interface that partially relieve the strain. Finally, we observe a distinctive electronic structure at the interface due to hetero-bonding.

14.
Nat Mater ; 17(2): 129-133, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29200195

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) materials are among the most promising candidates for next-generation electronics due to their atomic thinness, allowing for flexible transparent electronics and ultimate length scaling. Thus far, atomically thin p-n junctions, metal-semiconductor contacts, and metal-insulator barriers have been demonstrated. Although 2D materials achieve the thinnest possible devices, precise nanoscale control over the lateral dimensions is also necessary. Here, we report the direct synthesis of sub-nanometre-wide one-dimensional (1D) MoS2 channels embedded within WSe2 monolayers, using a dislocation-catalysed approach. The 1D channels have edges free of misfit dislocations and dangling bonds, forming a coherent interface with the embedding 2D matrix. Periodic dislocation arrays produce 2D superlattices of coherent MoS2 1D channels in WSe2. Using molecular dynamics simulations, we have identified other combinations of 2D materials where 1D channels can also be formed. The electronic band structure of these 1D channels offers the promise of carrier confinement in a direct-gap material and the charge separation needed to access the ultimate length scales necessary for future electronic applications.

15.
ACS Sens ; 3(1): 99-105, 2018 01 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29192501

RESUMO

Deep learning and analysis of heavy metal concentration are very crucial to our life, for it plays an essential role in both environmental and human health. In this paper, we developed a new Cu (II) ions sensor made by all organic material with bending and stretching properties. The new sensor consists of chlorophyll-a extracted from fresh leaves of Common Garcinia, plant fiber and with the use of PDMS as a substrate. Fluorescence spectra study shows that chlorophyll-a is significantly much more sensitive to Cu (II) ions than any other heavy metal ions and the device sensitivity outperforms all the Cu (II) ions sensors ever reported. The result fully shows the selectivity of chlorophyll-a toward Cu (II) ions. Bending and stretching tests show that the sensor has an outstanding durability, which can be used to develop accompanying applications, such as real-time sampling and the analysis of Cu (II) concentration specified in athlete's sweat or patients with brain death and Parkinson's disease.


Assuntos
Clorofila A/química , Cobre/análise , Cobre/química , Dimetilpolisiloxanos , Elasticidade , Íons , Maleabilidade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
16.
Nat Commun ; 8(1): 929, 2017 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29030548

RESUMO

Monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides, such as MoS2 and WSe2, have been known as direct gap semiconductors and emerged as new optically active materials for novel device applications. Here we reexamine their direct gap properties by investigating the strain effects on the photoluminescence of monolayer MoS2 and WSe2. Instead of applying stress, we investigate the strain effects by imaging the direct exciton populations in monolayer WSe2-MoS2 and MoSe2-WSe2 lateral heterojunctions with inherent strain inhomogeneity. We find that unstrained monolayer WSe2 is actually an indirect gap material, as manifested in the observed photoluminescence intensity-energy correlation, from which the difference between the direct and indirect optical gaps can be extracted by analyzing the exciton thermal populations. Our findings combined with the estimated exciton binding energy further indicate that monolayer WSe2 exhibits an indirect quasiparticle gap, which has to be reconsidered in further studies for its fundamental properties and device applications.Monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides have so far been thought to be direct bandgap semiconductors. Here, the authors revisit this assumption and find that unstrained monolayer WSe2 is an indirect-gap material, as evidenced by the observed photoluminescence intensity-energy correlation.

17.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 186: 21-30, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28935242

RESUMO

The efficiency of in vitro embryo production remains low compared with that observed in vivo. Recent studies have independently shown that cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) modulation prior to in vitro maturation (IVM) supplementation improves oocyte developmental competence. In this context, special cAMP modulators have been applied during IVM as promising alternatives to improve this biotechnology. Accordingly, this study was conducted to evaluate the effects of treatment with cilostazol, a PDE3 inhibitor, during pre-IVM culture on oocyte meiotic maturation in yak. Immature yak cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were treated in vitro without (control) or with 5µM cilostazol for 0, 2, or 4h prior to IVM. Results showed that the presence of cilostazol in pre-IVM medium significantly increased the percentages of oocytes at metaphase II stage compared with that in the control groups (P<0.05). Moreover, pre-IVM with cilostazol significantly enhanced intraoocyte cAMP and glutathione (GSH) levels at the pre-IVM or IVM phase relative to the no pre-IVM groups (P<0.05). After in vitro fertilization (IVF) and parthenogenetic activation (PA), the developmental competences of oocytes and embryo quality were improved significantly after pre-IVM with cilostazol compared with the control groups (P<0.05), given that the cleavage and blastocyst formation rates and the total number of blastocyst cells were increased. The presence of cilostazol also increased the levels of mRNA expression for adenylate cyclase 3 (ADCY3) and protein kinase 1 (PKA1), as well as decreased the abundance of phosphodiesterase 3A (PDE3A) in COCs and IVF blastocysts, compared with their control counterparts (P<0.05). The results demonstrated that the meiotic progression of immature yak oocytes could be reversibly affected by cAMP modulators. By contrast, treatment with cilostazol during pre-IVM positively affected the developmental competence of yak oocytes, probably by improving intraoocyte cAMP and GSH levels and regulating mRNA expression patterns. We concluded that appropriate treatment with cilostazol during pre-IVM would be beneficial for oocyte maturation in vitro.


Assuntos
Bovinos , AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos/veterinária , Meiose/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/fisiologia , Tetrazóis/farmacologia , Animais , Bovinos/embriologia , Cilostazol , Técnicas de Cultura Embrionária/veterinária , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 3/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
18.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 35(7): 401-406, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28849590

RESUMO

The p53 protein plays a critical role in suppression of tumour growth; its regulation is not fully understood. Leukaemia/lymphoma-related factor (LRF) promotes tumour cell growth. This study tests a hypothesis that LRF inhibits p53 expression in colon cancer cells. In this study, human colon cancer cell lines, LIM1215 and HCT116 cells, were used. The expression of LRF and p53 in the cells was analysed by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. We observed that the expression of protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) was detected in both LIM1215 and HCT116 human colon cancer cells. Activation of PAR2 increased the expression of LRF and inhibited the p53 expression in the cancer cells. We also detected a complex of LRF and DAP5, one of the p53 gene transcription factors. The interaction of LRF and DAP5 resulted in the repression of p53 expression in the colon cancer cells. In conclusion, PAR2 activation increases the expression of LRF in colon cancer cells, which interacts with DAP5 to repress the p53 expression. Leukaemia/lymphoma-related factor may be a novel target in the treatment of colon cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Fator de Iniciação 4G em Eucariotos/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Adulto , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Feminino , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Imunoprecipitação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Ligação Proteica , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Receptor PAR-2/genética , Receptor PAR-2/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/antagonistas & inibidores , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Transcrição Genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
19.
ACS Nano ; 11(9): 9128-9135, 2017 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28753270

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors offer a convenient platform to study 2D physics, for example, to understand doping in an atomically thin semiconductor. Here, we demonstrate the fabrication and unravel the electronic properties of a lateral doped/intrinsic heterojunction in a single-layer (SL) tungsten diselenide (WSe2), a prototype semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD), partially covered with a molecular acceptor layer, on a graphite substrate. With combined experiments and theoretical modeling, we reveal the fundamental acceptor-induced p-doping mechanism for SL-WSe2. At the 1D border between the doped and undoped SL-WSe2 regions, we observe band bending and explain it by Thomas-Fermi screening. Using atomically resolved scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy, the screening length is determined to be in the few nanometer range, and we assess the carrier density of intrinsic SL-WSe2. These findings are of fundamental and technological importance for understanding and employing surface doping, for example, in designing lateral organic TMD heterostructures for future devices.

20.
Adv Mater ; 29(32)2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28650580

RESUMO

The recent development of 2D monolayer lateral semiconductor has created new paradigm to develop p-n heterojunctions. Albeit, the growth methods of these heterostructures typically result in alloy structures at the interface, limiting the development for high-efficiency photovoltaic (PV) devices. Here, the PV properties of sequentially grown alloy-free 2D monolayer WSe2 -MoS2 lateral p-n heterojunction are explores. The PV devices show an extraordinary power conversion efficiency of 2.56% under AM 1.5G illumination. The large surface active area enables the full exposure of the depletion region, leading to excellent omnidirectional light harvesting characteristic with only 5% reduction of efficiency at incident angles up to 75°. Modeling studies demonstrate the PV devices comply with typical principles, increasing the feasibility for further development. Furthermore, the appropriate electrode-spacing design can lead to environment-independent PV properties. These robust PV properties deriving from the atomically sharp lateral p-n interface can help develop the next-generation photovoltaics.

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