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1.
BMJ Open ; 11(4): e043636, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33795301

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to adapt the Chinese version of Hospital Nursing Department Disaster Preparedness Scale (HNDDPS) and evaluate the psychometric properties among hospital nurses in China. Two specific objectives were (1) to adapt the HNDDPS from Sadiq's Organisational Disaster Preparedness Scale (SODPS) to fit the context of Chinese hospital nursing system and (2) to establish its validity and reliability. DESIGN: Instrument design study. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: 2657 nurses belonging to 50 nursing organisations of tertiary hospitals spread across seven administrative regions of China. METHODS: We adapted the Chinese version of HNDDPS through translation of the SODPS, back translation and cultural adaptation. Subsequently, we evaluated the validity of the scale through exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), each performed on half of the original sample. We also evaluated the internal consistency reliability of the scale. RESULTS: The Chinese version of HNDDPS comprised five dimensions, with 72 items. Exploratory factor analysis yielded five factors explaining 61% of the items' variance. CFA confirmed five dimensions of the scale and produced appropriate Goodness of Fit Indexes. Cronbach's α-coefficient was 0.930 for the total scale and ranged from 0.908 to 0.964 for the five dimensions of the scale. CONCLUSION: HNDDPS demonstrates good internal consistency and construct validity. It is a promising, valid and reliable tool for nurses and nursing managers to evaluate hospital nursing department disaster preparedness.

2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(10): 103202, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784162

RESUMO

The novel strong field autoionization (SFAI) dynamics is identified and investigated by channel-resolved angular streaking measurements of two electrons and two ions for the double-ionized CO. Comparing with the laser-assisted autoionization calculations, we demonstrate the electrons from SFAI are generated from the field-induced decay of the autoionizing state with a following acceleration in the laser fields. The energy-dependent photoelectron angular distributions further reveal that the subcycle ac-Stark effect modulates the lifetime of the autoionizing state and controls the emission of SFAI electrons in molecular frame. Our results pave the way to control the emission of resonant high-harmonic generation and trace the electron-electron correlation and electron-nuclear coupling by strong laser fields. The lifetime modulation of quantum systems in the strong laser field has great potential for quantum manipulation of chemical reactions and beyond.

3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 757, 2021 02 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33536423

RESUMO

Chordoma is a rare bone tumor with an unknown etiology and high recurrence rate. Here we conduct whole genome sequencing of 80 skull-base chordomas and identify PBRM1, a SWI/SNF (SWItch/Sucrose Non-Fermentable) complex subunit gene, as a significantly mutated driver gene. Genomic alterations in PBRM1 (12.5%) and homozygous deletions of the CDKN2A/2B locus are the most prevalent events. The combination of PBRM1 alterations and the chromosome 22q deletion, which involves another SWI/SNF gene (SMARCB1), shows strong associations with poor chordoma-specific survival (Hazard ratio [HR] = 10.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.81-39.64, p = 0.001) and recurrence-free survival (HR = 4.30, 95% CI = 2.34-7.91, p = 2.77 × 10-6). Despite the low mutation rate, extensive somatic copy number alterations frequently occur, most of which are clonal and showed highly concordant profiles between paired primary and recurrence/metastasis samples, indicating their importance in chordoma initiation. In this work, our findings provide important biological and clinical insights into skull-base chordoma.


Assuntos
Cordoma/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Proteína SMARCB1/genética , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma/métodos , Adulto , Cordoma/patologia , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Genômica/métodos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/patologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
J Card Surg ; 36(2): 726-730, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336461

RESUMO

Although peripheral arterial embolism is a common vascular disease, abdominal aortic saddle embolism (ASE) is rare. However, ASE is considered to be quite severe. A rapid and accurate diagnosis followed by timely and appropriate medical intervention is the key to minimize the risk of severe complications and reduce the risk of mortality. We report the case of an 84-year-old female patient who was diagnosed with acute ASE. She was successfully treated using thrombolytic therapy through a bilateral femoral arterial puncture catheter. Our report aims at raising awareness of this potentially fatal disease, highlighting the importance of rapid diagnosis and timely treatment, and exploring the possibility of endovascular treatment for ASE in the future.

5.
Oncol Lett ; 20(6): 377, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33154775

RESUMO

Approximately 500,000 new head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cases are detected every year around the world, and its incidence ranks sixth among all cancer types globally. Among these cases, oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) are HNSCC subtypes with high incidence rates, especially in China. The present study examines the association between the apolipoprotein L1 (APOL1) mRNA and protein expression and clinical parameters in HNSCC. The two most common types (oral and larynx) of HNSCC were selected for subgroup analyses. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to detect APOL1 protein expression levels in HNSCC clinical specimens. It was demonstrated that APOL1 protein expression in 221 cases of HNSCC was higher compared with that in normal tissues. Consistent upregulation of APOL1 protein was also found in subgroups of OSCC and LSCC. Through mining the ArrayExpress, The Cancer Genome Atlas and the Gene Expression Omnibus databases, microarrays and RNA sequencing data for HNSCC were retrieved, which were used to analyze APOL1 mRNA expression levels. The results showed that APOL1 expression was higher in both OSCC and LSCC subtypes, as well as in HNSCC, compared with that in non-cancerous squamous epithelium. The summary receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that APOL1 had potential as a diagnostic biomarker for HNSCC, OSCC and LSCC. Thus, upregulation of APOL1 may contribute to the tumorigenesis of HNSCC.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179959

RESUMO

Background: The expression level and clinical significance of integrin subunit beta 4 (ITGB4) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remain unclear. Materials and Methods: Expression of ITGB4 in HNSCC tissues were evaluated by calculating standard mean differences (SMDs) based on gene chips, RNA-seq, and immunohistochemistry data (n = 2330) from multiple sources. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to detect the ability of ITGB4 to distinguish HNSCC from non-HNSCC samples. The relationship between the expression level of ITGB4 and clinical parameters was evaluated by calculating SMDs. Results: Identical results of mRNA and protein levels indicated remarkable up-expression of ITGB4 in HNSCC tissues. Further ROC curves showed that ITGB4 could distinguish HNSCC from non-HNSCC samples. Genetic alteration analysis of ITGB4 in HNSCC indicated that overexpression of ITGB4 in HNSCC was likely not owing to genetic alteration of ITGB4. Moreover, ITGB4 overexpression level may be correlated with clinical T stage. Conclusion: ITGB4 likely plays an essential role in HNSCC occurrence based on our study and its potential diagnostic value is worthy of further exploration in the future.

7.
J Clin Microbiol ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148709

RESUMO

Background: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is caused by the excessive and imbalanced growth of bacteria in vagina, affecting 30-50% of women in their lives. Gram stain followed by Nugent scoring based on bacterial morphotypes under the microscope (NS) has been considered the golden standard for BV diagnosis, which is often labor-intensive, time-consuming, and variable results from person to person.Methods: We developed and optimized a convolutional neural networks (CNN) model, and evaluated its ability to automatically identify and classify three categories of Nugent scores from microscope images. The CNN model was first established with a panel of microscopic images with Nugent scores determined by experts. The model was trained by minimizing the cross entropy loss function and optimized by using a momentum optimizer. The separate test sets of images collected from three hospitals were evaluated by the CNN models.Results: The CNN model consisted of 25 convolutional layers, 2 pooling layers, and a fully connected layer. The model obtained 82.4% sensitivity and 96.6% specificity on the 5,815 validation images when considered altered vaginal flora and BV as the positive samples, which was better than the top-level technologists and obstetricians in China. The ability of generalization for our model was strong that it obtained 75.1% accuracy of three categories of Nugent scores on the independent test set of 1082 images, which was 6.6% higher than the average of three technologists, who are with a bachelor degree in medicine and eligible making diagnostic decisions. When three technologists ran one specimen in triplicate, the precision of three categories of Nugent scores was 54.0%. 103 samples diagnosed by two technologists at different days showed repeatability of 90.3%.Conclusion: The CNN model over-performed human healthcare practitioners on accuracy and stability for three categories of Nugent scores diagnosis. The deep learning model may offer translational applications in automating diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis with proper supporting hardware.

8.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 988, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing studies have demonstrated that activated platelets play an essential role in tumour progression. However, the level and prognostic role of platelet indices in chordoma patients remain unclear. The aim of the current study was to characterize the prognostic performance of platelet count (PLT), mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) in skull base chordoma patients. METHODS: 187 primary skull base chordoma patients between January 2008 and September 2014 were enrolled in this retrospective study. The optimal cut-off values were determined by X-tile software, and the correlations between PLT, MPV, PDW and clinicopathological features were further analysed. Kaplan-Meier curve and Cox regression analysis were used for survival analysis. RESULTS: The values of preoperative PTL, MPV and PDW ranged from 104 to 501 × 109/L, 6.7 to 14.2 fl, and 7.8 to 26.2%, respectively. Elevated PLT was associated with larger tumour volume (p = 0.002). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that increased MPV and PDW were associated with shorter overall survival (p = 0.022 and 0.008, respectively). Importantly, multivariate Cox analysis demonstrated that elevated PDW was an independent unfavourable predictive factor for overall survival (hazard ratio (HR), 2.154, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.258-3.688, p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that elevated MPV and PDW are associated with poor outcomes in skull base chordoma and that PDW may be helpful to identify patients with high risk.

9.
Intern Emerg Med ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The worldwide spread of SARS-CoV-2 has infected millions of people leading to over 0.3 million mortalities. The disruption of sodium homeostasis, tends to be a common occurrence in patients with COVID-19. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1,254 COVID-19 patients comprising 124 (9.9%) hyponatremic patients (under 135 mmol/L) and 30 (2.4%) hypernatremic patients (over 145 mmol/L) from three hospitals in Hubei, China, were enrolled in the study. The relationships between sodium balance disorders in COVID-19 patients, its clinical features, implications, and the underlying causes were presented. Hyponatremia patients were observed to be elderly, had more comorbidities, with severe pneumonic chest radiographic findings. They were also more likely to have a fever, nausea, higher leukocyte and neutrophils count, and a high sensitivity C-reactive protein (HS-CRP). Compared to normonatremia patients, renal insufficiency was common in both hyponatremia and hypernatremia patients. In addition, hyponatremia patients required extensive treatment with oxygen, antibiotics, and corticosteroids. The only significant differences between the hypernatremia and normonatremia patients were laboratory findings and clinical complications, and patients with hypernatremia were more likely to use traditional Chinese medicine for treatment compared to normonatremia patients. This study indicates that severity of the disease, the length of stay in the hospital of surviving patients, and mortality were higher among COVID-19 patients with sodium balance disorders. CONCLUSION: Sodium balance disorder, particularly hyponatremia, is a common condition among hospitalized patients with COVID-19 in Hubei, China, and it is associated with a higher risk of severe illness and increased in-hospital mortality.

10.
Dalton Trans ; 49(40): 13999-14008, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33078804

RESUMO

Modifying the surface active sites of Pt-based catalysts at the atomic level is of great significance to enhance the electrooxidation of methanol molecules. Herein, efficient active site assembly strategies are proposed, precisely, aimed at building high-performance electrocatalysts. Serving as proof-of-concept examples, both instances of Pt nanowires surface doping isolated Ru atoms (Ru/Pt NWs) and Ru nanoparticles supported on Pt nanowires (Ru@Pt NWs) are specially designed to optimize the catalytic performance of methanol oxidation reaction (MOR). The specific activity and mass activity of optimal Ru/Pt NWs can reach up to 3.93 mA cm-2 and 568.40 mA mg-1Pt, respectively, which is 1.53/1.94 times that of the Ru@Pt NWs and 2.03/2.59 times that of pure Pt NWs. Detailed studies on mechanism reveal that the Pt-Ru alloy can significantly improve the electron transfer kinetics of MOR, and activate more Pt atoms involved in the Langmuir-Hinshelwood (L-H) pathway compared with Ru@Pt NWs, all of which collectively accelerate the methanol oxidation. This surface engineering strategy via assembling active sites can reveal a promising method in the design of advanced Pt-based catalysts for direct methanol fuel cells.

11.
Neurol India ; 68(5): 1030-1036, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109847

RESUMO

Background: Skull base chordomas in pediatric and adolescent patients are rare and challenging for surgeons. Objective: Well-specified diagnosis and treatment are of great value for the long-term control of chordoma. This study summarizes well-followed pediatric and adolescent chordoma (PAC) patients treated in a single Asian center. Methods: PAC patients were enrolled. Data collected included clinical presentation, tumor volume, texture, surgical approach, pathology, complications, adjuvant radiotherapy (RT), and long-term outcomes. Results: Sixty-two patients were identified from a total of 516 skull base chordoma patients (12%). Diplopia was the most prominent complaint (30%). The craniocervical junction area was the most common location (41.8%) and had the highest proportion of large tumors. The gross total resection (GTR) rate was 20.3%. The GTR rate was lowest for tumors located in the craniocervical junction area. Thirty-eight cases experienced surgical complications. Of note, there was a significant difference in the complication rate between endoscopic approaches (22.7%) and open approaches (57.9%) (P = 0.005). The mean follow-up was 66.5 months. The GTR group showed better survival compared with the non-GTR group (P = 0.043). Metastases were found in two cases. No significant difference in the overall survival (OS) time was found between the group with RT and the group without RT (P = 0.559). Conclusions: A higher proportion of PAC patients than previously reported exist in the population in Asia, and the metastatic rate is lower. GTR predicts excellent long-term control of the disease. RT should be considered on an individual basis.

12.
J Oncol ; 2020: 7042025, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33014054

RESUMO

IL24 mRNA is known to have an apoptotic effect on cancer cells but not on noncancer cells. However, the expression level of the IL24 mRNA in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and its subgroups is rarely studied. In this study, the clinical implication of IL24 mRNA was evaluated in the common subgroups of HNSCC, including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), and laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) for analysis. Substantial IL24 mRNA expression data were calculated from several databases, such as the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), ArrayExpress, Sequence Read Archive (SRA), ONCOMINE, and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases. We ultimately collected a total of 41 microarrays and RNA-seq including 1,564 HNSCC and 603 noncancer tissue samples. IL24 mRNA was highly expressed in OSCC, LSCC, and NPC as shown by the separated standard mean difference (SMD), as well as HNSCC as a whole part (SMD = 1.47, 95% confdence interval (CI) = 1.24-1.70, P < 0.0001). In all subgroups, the IL24 mRNA upregulation had the ability to distinguish cancer from noncancer tissue with area under the curves (AUCs) of the summary receiver operating characteristic (sROC) higher than 0.85. In conclusion, IL24 mRNA may be used as a potential marker for cancer screening, and its clinical diagnostic value needs to be further studied. It also provides a new idea for the treatment of the IL24 gene in HNSCC and its subgroups in the future.

13.
Front Oncol ; 10: 1202, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32903705

RESUMO

Objective: Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a critical enzyme associated with inflammation and tumorigenesis. Although several studies have compared the expression of COX-2 in endometrial cancer tissues and normal tissues, the results have been inconsistent thus far. This study aims to conduct a meta-analysis to elucidate the role of COX-2 in the determination of the risk, prognosis, and clinical features of endometrial cancer. Methods: We retrieved the suitable studies on the association between COX-2 expression and endometrial cancer from PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases that were published between 1999 and September 31st, 2019. The hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were retrieved to assess the relationship between COX-2 expression and the prognosis of endometrial cancer. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% CIs were calculated to evaluate the correlation between COX-2 expression and the risk and clinical features of endometrial cancer. Results: To investigate the association between COX-2 expression and the susceptibility, clinical features, and prognosis of endometrial cancer, we performed a meta-analysis on data from selected studies that collectively involved 273 normal individuals and 1,376 patients with endometrial cancer. Overall, the pooled analysis indicated that COX-2 expression was significantly associated with susceptibility (Caucasians, OR = 3.94, 95% CI = 2.17-7.17, P < 0.05; Asians, OR = 20.51, 95% CI = 8.54-49.26, P < 0.05), cancer stage (OR = 3.01, 95% CI = 1.95-4.67, P < 0.05), myometrial invasion (OR = 1.59, 95% CI = 1.17-2.15, P < 0.05), lymph node metastasis (OR = 1.63, 95% CI = 1.18-2.26, P < 0.05), and prognosis (OR = 2.91, 95% CI = 1.17-4.66, P < 0.05) in endometrial cancer. Conclusions: Our findings suggested that COX-2 overexpression is significantly associated with poor prognosis and advanced clinical features in endometrial cancer. Therefore, COX-2 may function as an effective prognostic biomarker and a potential therapeutic target for endometrial cancer.

14.
Onco Targets Ther ; 13: 8337-8346, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32903874

RESUMO

Objective: Inflammation and malnutrition have been shown to be correlated with tumor progression and a poor prognosis in various cancers. However, the clinical implications of biomarkers of inflammation and malnutrition in chordoma have not been elucidated. We attempted to characterize the fibrinogen and albumin levels in skull base chordoma and investigate their correlations with clinicopathological data and survival. Methods: The preoperative levels of fibrinogen and albumin were assessed in 183 primary skull base chordoma patients. The cutoff values were determined by X-tile software, and their correlations with patient prognosis were further explored using the Kaplan-Meier curve and Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. In addition, the predictive performances of these markers in survival were evaluated by receiver operating characteristic curves. Results: The values of fibrinogen and albumin in skull base chordoma patients ranged from 1.73 to 7.40 and 37.6 to 53.0 g/L, respectively. The optimal cutoff values for fibrinogen and albumin were 3.29 and 44.60 g/L, respectively. Fibrinogen and albumin were correlated with the patient age and tumor pathology types. Albumin, but not fibrinogen, was associated with the patients' progression-free survival and overall survival. Importantly, the FA score, which combines fibrinogen and albumin, could independently predict both progression-free survival and overall survival, and enhanced the performance of fibrinogen or albumin in survival prediction in skull base chordoma. Conclusion: Our data reveal the clinical prognostic role of albumin and suggest that the FA score may be a valuable prognostic grading system in skull base chordoma.

15.
J Immunol ; 205(7): 1752-1762, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868411

RESUMO

P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) is highly expressed on immune cells, triggering the release of cytokines and regulating autoimmune responses. To investigate P2X7R surface expression on T helper (Th) 1, Th17, and regulatory T (Treg) cells in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and correlations with disease activity, 29 SLE and 29 RA patients and 18 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled. We showed that SLE and RA patients had significantly higher levels of plasma cytokines (IFN-γ, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-17A, and IL-23), frequencies of Th1 and Th17 cells, and expression of P2X7R on Th1 and Th17 than HCs, and the Th17/Treg ratio was significantly increased, whereas Treg cell levels were significantly decreased. The Ca2+ influx increase following BzATP stimulation was significantly higher in CD4+PBMCs from SLE and RA patients than in HCs. Blood levels of shed P2X7R were increased in SLE and RA patients. Furthermore, 28-joint Disease Activity Score and SLE Disease Activity Index score showed negative correlations with Treg cell levels and positive correlations with Th17/Treg ratio and Th17 cell P2X7R expression. Interestingly, Th17 cell P2X7R expression was closely correlated with IL-1ß, C-reactive protein, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, anticyclic citrullinated peptide Abs, albumin, and C4. These data indicate that increased Th17 cell P2X7R expression is functionally and positively related to disease activity and some inflammatory mediators in SLE and RA patients, and P2X7R could be critical in promoting the Th17 immune response and contributing to the complex pathogenesis of SLE and RA.

16.
Cancer Biomark ; 29(1): 111-124, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32623386

RESUMO

Interleukin 24 (IL24) has been documented to be highly expressed in several cancers, but its role in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) remains unclarified. In this study, to reveal the function and its clinical significance of IL24 in LSCC, multiple detecting methods were used comprehensively. IL24 protein expression was remarkably higher in LSCC (n= 49) than non-cancerous laryngeal controls (n= 26) as detected by in-house immunohistochemistry. Meanwhile, the IL24 mRNA expression was also evaluated based on high throughput data from Gene Expression Omnibus, The Cancer Genome Atlas, ArrayExpress and Oncomine databases. Consistently with the protein level, IL24 mRNA expression level was also predominantly upregulated in LSCC (n= 172) compared to non-cancerous laryngeal tissues (n= 81) with the standard mean difference (SMD) being 1.25 and the area under the curve (AUC) of the summary receiver operating characteristic (sROC) being 0.89 (95% CI = 0.86-0.92). Furthermore, the related genes of IL24 and the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of LSCC were intersected and sent for Gene ontology (GO) enrichment, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway, and the protein-protein interaction (PPI) analyses. In the GO annotation, the top terms of biological process (BP), cellular component (CC) and molecular function (MF) were extracellular matrix organization, extracellular matrix, cytokine activity, respectively. The top pathway of KEGG was ECM-receptor interaction. The PPI networks indicated the top hub genes of IL24-related genes in LSCC were SERPINE1, TGFB1, MMP1, MMP3, CSF2, and ITGA5. In conclusion, upregulating expression of IL24 may enhance the occurrence of LSCC, which owns prospect diagnostic ability and therapeutic significance in LSCC.

17.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(12): 12107-12118, 2020 06 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32554852

RESUMO

MiRNA-126 (miR-126) has been shown to be involved in various malignancies as well as other biological processes. However, currently, its role in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is not well understood. The present study is focused on the mechanisms that underlie the effect of miR-126 on cell survival and death (apoptosis and autophagy) in ESCC cells. MiR-126 expression was found to be enhanced in ESCC cells and tissues. Downregulation of miR-126 suppressed cell survival, and TUNEL staining indicated that miR-126 inhibition promoted ESCC cell death. In addition, the production of LC3B and p62 proteins, two autophagy signals, was reduced following miR-126 inhibition. A dual luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that the STAT3 3'-UTR is a direct target of miR-126. Furthermore, STAT3 knock-down rescued the effects on autophagy and apoptosis caused by miR-126 inhibition in ESCC cells. The results of this study may provide some insight into the molecular and biological mechanisms underlying ESCC generation and contribute to the development of novel therapeutic approaches for ESCC.

18.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e922854, 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32529991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the sixth most prevalent cancer worldwide, with low 5-year survival rate. To identify novel prognostic markers for OSCC and determine the immune and stromal landscape of OSCC, a risk signature for OSCC patients was constructed in this study. MATERIAL AND METHODS Immune and stromal scores for OSCC samples from the Genomic Data Commons Data Portal were computed to delineate the tumor microenvironment landscape of oral cancer based on the Estimation of STromal and Immune cells in MAlignant Tumours using Expression data algorithm. An immune score-based risk signature was constructed by combining random forest and support vector machine methods. Correlation analysis of risk signature gene expression and immune cell infiltration was conducted, and the distinguishing power of individual signature genes was evaluated by analyzing receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves. Differentially enriched pathways between high and low risk groups were investigated via gene set variation analysis. ROC curves were plotted for signature genes to examine their ability to distinguish the recurrence and survival status of OSCC patients from GSE84846. RESULTS An immune score-related risk signature composed of ARMH1, F2RL2, AC004687.1, COL6A5, AC008750.1, RAB19, CRLF2, GRIP2, and FAM162B performed well in the prognostic stratification of OSCC patients and could effectively distinguish their survival status. Lists of pathways, including cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction and cell adhesion molecules displayed remarkable differential enrichment between high and low risk OSCC patients. CONCLUSIONS An immune score-based risk signature constructed presently may be useful to decide appropriate treatment options for individual OSCC patients.

19.
J Mol Liq ; 312: 113454, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501315

RESUMO

Respiratory viral infections such as coronavirus (COVID-19) will cause a great mortality, especially in people who underly lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary and asthma. Very recently, the COVID-19 outbreak has exposed the lack of quick approaches for screening people who may have risen risk of pathogen contact. One proposed non-invasive potential approach to recognize the viral infection is analysis of exhaled gases. It has been indicated that the nitric oxide is one of most important biomarkers which might be emanated by respiratory epithelial cells. Using density functional theory calculations, here, we introduced a novel Au-decorated BN nanotube-based breathalyzer for probable recognition of NO gas released from the respiratory epithelial cells in the presence of interfering CO2 and H2O gases. This breathalyzer benefits from different advantages including high sensitivity (sensing response = 101.5), high selectivity, portability, short recovery time (1.8 µs at 298 K), and low cost.

20.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(11): 10809-10826, 2020 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32533822

RESUMO

Chordoma is a rare bone cancer originating from embryologic notochordal remnants. Clival chordomas show different dural penetration ability, with serious dural penetration exhibiting poorer prognosis. The molecular mechanism of dural penetration is not clear. We analyzed lncRNA and mRNA profiles in 12 chordoma patients with different degrees of dural penetration using expression microarrays. The differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs were used to construct a lncRNA-mRNA co-expression network. LncRNAs were classified into lincRNA, enhancer-like lncRNA, or antisense lncRNA. Biological functions for lncRNAs were predicted according to the lncRNA-mRNA network and adjacent coding genes by pathway analysis. The 2760 lncRNAs and 3988 mRNAs were differentially expressed in chordomas between two groups of patients with and without dural penetration. Possible pathway involvement of the significance among the 55 lncRNAs located in the lncRNA-mRNA network, 24 lincRNAs, 7 enhancer-like lncRNAs, and 14 antisense lncRNAs include cell adhesion, metastasis, invasion, proliferation, and apoptosis. Expression of 10 lncRNAs and mRNAs, and epidermal growth factor mRNA with two identified lncRNAs were subsequently verified by qRT-PCR in chordoma tissues. Our report predicts the biological functions of many lncRNAs which may be used as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers as well as therapeutic targets during the process of dural penetration in chordoma.

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