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1.
Food Chem ; 306: 125627, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610328

RESUMO

Effects of various concentrations of Kadozan (chitosan) treatment on storability and quality properties of harvested 'Fuyan' longans were investigated. Compared to the control samples, Kadozan treated-longans displayed lower fruit respiration rate, lower pericarp cell membrane permeability, pericarp browning index, pulp breakdown index, fruit disease index, and weight loss, but higher rate of commercially acceptable fruit, higher levels of pericarp chlorophyll, carotenoid, anthocyanin, flavonoid and total phenolics, higher amounts of pulp total soluble sugar, sucrose, total soluble solids, and vitamin C. These results revealed Kadozan treatment could increase storability and retain better quality of harvested longan fruit. Among different concentrations of Kadozan, the dilution of 1:500 (VKadozan: VKadozan + Water) showed the best results in storability and maintained the best quality of longans during storage. These findings demonstrated that Kadozan could be a facile and eco-friendly postharvest handling approach for increasing storability and lengthening shelf-life of harvested 'Fuyan' longan fruit.

2.
Food Chem ; 308: 125596, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648097

RESUMO

The protective mechanism of glycerol on ß-lactoglobulin were studied in 0-60% glycerol solutions by experimental and molecular simulation approaches. Results showed that the stability of ß-lactoglobulin increased with glycerol concentration, with little secondary structure changes induced by glycerol. The tertiary structure altered slightly with glycerol concentration, resulting in a stronger near UV circular dichroism signal and intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence quenching, indicating aromatic side chains closer to hydrophobic microenvironment. The Rg of ß-lactoglobulin increased with glycerol concentration without dimer dissociation, due to expansion of the quaternary structures. Moreover, the flexibility (RMSF) of ß-lactoglobulin decreased by glycerol. Distance between areas enclosing Asp33 and Arg40 from separate chains did not increase, suggesting possibly reinforced electrostatic attractions. In conclusion, the stabilization of ß-lactoglobulin in glycerol solution is probably the comprehensive results of the decreased molecular flexibility, the strengthened hydrophobic interaction in individual chain, and the possibly reinforced electrostatic attractions between two chains of ß-lactoglobulin.

3.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1866-1872, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492354

RESUMO

Upconversion nanocrystals with uniform size and hydrophilic surface have potential applications in biological medical engineering. In this study, hydrophilic NaYF4:Yb, Er nanospheres were synthesized via hexadecylpyridinium chloride (CPC) mediated hydrothermal process. The synthesized NaYF4:Yb, Er upconversion nanospheres (UCNSs) were characterized by various characterization methods. Results showed that the synthesized UCNSs exhibited a uniform sphere-like structure with average diameter of ~250 nm. The surface of UCNSs was captured by CPC molecule indicating hydrophilic properties of UCNSs. The spherical UCNSs composed of mixed phase (α+ß) NaYF4 nanocrystals. This is the novel study for synthesis of NaYF4:Ln3+ crystal employing CPC as ligand. Moreover, the effect of CPC concentration on synthesis of UCNSs was investigated by comparatively studying morphology, crystal phase and luminescent properties of desired sample prepared under different experimental conditions. It was found that high concentrations of CPC ligands were more favorable for forming NaYF4 crystal nanospheres with morphology that is more regular, have smoother surface, with higher crystallinity and better upconversion fluorescent properties. The possible growing mechanism was proposed and growing of NaYF4:Yb, Er nanospheres followed the classical Ostwald ripening process.

4.
Chemosphere ; 241: 125106, 2019 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683428

RESUMO

A pot experiment was conducted to investigate the possible mediatory effect of organic amendments (vermicompost and biochar) and selenium (Se) on Cd bioaccumulation in both rice cultivars (high-Cd accumulation rice: Yuzhenxiang (YZX) and low-Cd accumulation rice: Changliangyou772 (CLY)) in high-Cd-contaminated soils. The results showed that Cd sensitivity and tolerance were cultivar-dependent, and grain Cd contents for CLY accorded with the Chinese national food safety standards (0.2 mg kg-1), whereas grain Cd levels for YZX were 1.4-5.8 times higher than those for CLY. Soil applications of amendments decreased grain Cd levels by 3.5%-36.9% for YZX and 36.1%-74.4% for CLY. Moreover, vermicompost (VC) was more effective in reducing Cd bioaccumulation than biochar (BC). A combination of Se and organic amendments could significantly increase grain Se contents and help further reduce grain Cd levels by 5.8%-20.8%, compared to the single organic amendments. This mitigation progress could be attributed to the changes of Cd translocation and distribution among rice tissues and the inhibition of Cd bioavailability in soil through the alteration in soil properties. Organic amendments, especially high dose (5%), increased soil pH and organic matter contents, and correspondingly decreased soil Cd bioavailability. A sequential extraction analysis suggested that organic amendments and Se facilitated the transformation of soil Cd from the bioavailable form to the immobilized Cd form, and thus decreased grain Cd levels. Hence, co-applications of organic amendments and Se in combination with low-Cd accumulation cultivar could be an effective strategy for both Se needs of humans and safe utilization of Cd polluted soil.

5.
Nutrients ; 11(11)2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data were available on trends of US dietary nutrients especially for specific subgroups; Methods: Dietary intakes of energy and 36 kinds of nutrients were analyzed in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2003 to 2016 and by age and sex, socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, and body mass index, which were evaluated by whether not they meet the dietary reference intakes (DRIs); Results: Significantly decreased trends were observed for carbohydrate, total sugars, fiber, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, selenium, vitamin B6, E, K, and choline, while increased trends were observed for saturated fatty acids, iron, zinc, copper, potassium, sodium, vitamin B1, B2, B12, C and folate DFE (as dietary folate equivalents). A decreased trend of exceeding the estimated energy requirement was found. Population with low socioeconomic status and non-Hispanic blacks accounted for the largest proportion not meeting DRIs for most of nutrients; Conclusions: Most dietary nutrients were improved among US adults from 2003 to 2016 but were still far from optimal levels. Populations with low socioeconomic status and non-Hispanic blacks should be paid more attention to improve their dietary nutrient intake.

6.
Opt Express ; 27(20): 28760-28781, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684621

RESUMO

The reflectance factor acquired in laboratory makes a good contribution to spectral library for remote sensing. However, this reflectance factor is a different quantity from that acquired in the field. To bridge the gap between them, the spectral and the spatial characteristics of sunlight and skylight are analyzed. A facility called MHSRS2F is introduced to acquire the anisotropy reflectance in laboratory under the illumination of simulated sunlight and skylight. This reflectance factor is the same quantity as that acquired in field. The amplitude and shape differences between the reflectance factors acquired in laboratory and in field are reduced for 27% and 31% reflectively.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685626

RESUMO

Phase transitions in halide perovskites triggered by external stimuli generate significantly different material properties, providing a great opportunity for broad applications. Here, we demonstrate an In-based, charge-ordered (In+/In3+) inorganic halide perovskite with the composition of Cs2In(I)In(III)Cl6 in which a pressure-driven semiconductor-to-metal phase transition exists. The single crystals, synthesized via a solid-state reaction method, crystallize in a distorted perovskite structure with space group I4/m with a = 17.2604(12) Å, c = 11.0113(16) Å if both the strong reflections and superstructures are considered. The supercell was further confirmed by rotation electron diffraction measurement. The pressure-induced semiconductor-to-metal phase transition was demonstrated by high-pressure Raman and absorbance spectroscopies and was consistent with theoretical modeling. This type of charge-ordered inorganic halide perovskite with a pressure-induced semiconductor-to-metal phase transition may inspire a range of potential applications.

8.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4999, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676850

RESUMO

Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an opportunistic pathogen of humans, uses quorum sensing (QS) to regulate the production of extracellular products that can benefit all members of the population. P. aeruginosa can police QS-deficient cheaters by producing hydrogen cyanide, which is also QS regulated; however, the mechanism by which cooperators selectively protect themselves from the toxicity of cyanide remained unresolved. Here, we show that a cyanide-insensitive terminal oxidase encoded by cioAB provides resistance to cyanide, but only in QS-proficient strains. QS-deficient cheaters do not activate cioAB transcription. QS-mediated regulation of cioAB expression depends on production of both cyanide by cooperators (which is QS regulated) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) from cheaters (which is not QS regulated). This type of regulatory system allows cooperating populations to respond, via ROS, to the presence of cheaters, and might allow them to defer the substantial metabolic cost of policing until cheaters are present in the population.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17708, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689803

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of preoperative sleep quality on acute postoperative pain in breast cancer patients.The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index questionnaire (PSQI) was used to assess the overall sleep status of women scheduled for unilateral modified radical mastectomy in the past month. Based on the responses, patients were allocated to good sleep group or poor sleep group. Postoperatively, acute pain was assessed using the numerical rating score in the first 24 hours; in addition, the requirement of analgesics and the incidence of postoperative complications were recorded.A total of 108 breast surgery patients were enrolled. Based on the PSQI results, 55 (51%) patients were allocated to poor sleep group and 53 (49%) to good sleep group. Pain scores were similar in the 2 groups at the end of surgery (P = .589); however, poor sleep group reported higher postoperative pain scores than the good sleep group at 2 (P = .002), 6 (P < .001), 12 (P < .001), and 24 (P = .002) hours after surgery. The incidence of severe pain in the poor sleep group was higher than that in the good sleep group (27% vs 8%, P = .018), and the ratio of participants who required rescued analgesics was greater in the poor sleep group (52% vs 22%, P = .002). In addition, patients with poor sleep quality had more postoperative complications and longer hospital stay.In this study, breast cancer patients with poor preoperative sleep quality reported more severe postoperative pain, required more analgesics, experienced more complications, and had longer hospital stay.

10.
Pharmacotherapy ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692005

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of different taxane-containing regimens and to identify the best strategy for treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative metastatic breast cancer (MBC). DESIGN: Network meta-analysis of 20 randomized controlled trials (RCTs). PATIENTS: A total of 6,577 patients with HER2-negative MBC who received treatment (20 different regimens) with taxanes (paclitaxel [4,267 patients] or docetaxel 2,310 patients). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases were searched (through March 2019) for RCTs that evaluated any taxane-containing regimens for the treatment of HER2-negative MBC. A network meta-analysis in a Bayesian framework was performed using the random-effects model. We compared the surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) for each regimen. Overall, paclitaxel-based combinations were superior to paclitaxel alone in objective response rate (ORR) (odds ratio [OR] 1.60, 95% credible interval [CrI] 1.15-2.16) and overall survival (OS) (hazard ratio [HR] 1.08, 95% CrI 1.01-1.15). Docetaxel-based combinations were also superior to paclitaxel alone in ORR. Among the paclitaxel-based regimens, based on the results of SUCRA, paclitaxel + bevacizumab + capecitabine was likely to be the most efficacious in improving ORR, OS, and progression-free survival (PFS), whereas paclitaxel + gemcitabine was likely to be the most efficacious in 1-year OS rate. Among the docetaxel-based regimens, based on the results of SUCRA, docetaxel + gemcitabine was likely to be the most efficacious in improving PFS and OS. CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrated that paclitaxel-based combinations can provide significant improvement in ORR and OS compared with paclitaxel alone. The regimens of paclitaxel + bevacizumab + capecitabine, docetaxel + gemcitabine, and paclitaxel + gemcitabine may be superior to other regimens for treatment of HER2-negative MBC.

11.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693217

RESUMO

The fat-derived protein adiponectin is known to reverse the effects of insulin resistance and to lower blood glucose levels. The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signalling pathway plays a central role in metabolism and energy homeostasis. Here, to investigate the role of AMPK in the protective effect of adiponectin against insulin resistance, we established the model of high-glucose (HG)- and high-lipid (HL)-induced insulin resistance in INS-1 pancreatic ß cells. We found that 25mM of glucose and 0.4mM of palmitic acid treatment significantly increased cell apoptosis and impaired insulin secretion in INS-1 cells. However, recombinant human adiponectin dramatically reduced HG- and/or HL-induced cell apoptosis and greatly improved insulin secretion. Interestingly, adiponectin treatment also activated AMPK signalling pathway by increasing the phosphorylation of Thr172 in the AMPK α subunit; 10µM of compound C, a potent AMPK inhibitor, blocked the protective effects of adiponectin against HG/HL-induced insulin resistance. Furthermore, knockout experiments by CRISPR/Cas9 technology showed that AMPK α1, but not AMPK α2, is involved in the protective effects of adiponectin. Taken together, adiponectin reversed the effects of insulin resistance via AMPK α1, which provides a novel insight into the protective mechanism of adiponectin and may be used as a new strategy for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY: Adiponectin can reverse the effects of insulin resistance and lower blood glucose levels. Here, adiponectin reduced HG/HL-induced cell apoptosis and greatly improved insulin secretion. These effects were blocked by AMPK inhibitor, compound C. Specifically, we found that AMPK α1, but not AMPK α2, mediates the protective effects of adiponectin, which provides a novel insight into the protective mechanism of adiponectin against insulin resistance.

12.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693306

RESUMO

Sclerotinia stem rot (SSR) caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is a devastating disease of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). To date, the genetic mechanisms of rapeseed' interactions with S. sclerotiorum are not fully understood, and molecular-based breeding is still the most effective control strategy for this disease. Here, Arabidopsis thaliana GDSL1 was characterized as an extracellular GDSL lipase gene functioning in Sclerotinia resistance. Loss of AtGDSL1 function resulted in enhanced susceptibility to S. sclerotiorum. Conversely, overexpression of AtGDSL1 in B. napus enhanced resistance, which was associated with increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and salicylic acid (SA) levels, and reduced jasmonic acid levels. In addition, AtGDSL1 can cause an increase in lipid precursor phosphatidic acid levels, which may lead to the activation of downstream ROS/SA defense-related pathways. However, the rapeseed BnGDSL1 with highest sequence similarity to AtGDSL1 had no effect on SSR resistance. A candidate gene association study revealed that only one AtGDSL1 homolog from rapeseed, BnaC07g35650D (BnGLIP1), significantly contributed to resistance traits in a natural B. napus population, and the resistance function was also confirmed by a transient expression assay in tobacco leaves. Moreover, genomic analyses revealed that BnGLIP1 locus was embedded in a selected region associated with SSR-resistance during the breeding process, and its elite allele type belonged to a minor allele in the population. Thus, BnGLIP1 is the functional equivalent of AtGDSL1 and has a broad application in rapeseed S. sclerotiorum-resistance breeding.

13.
Exp Eye Res ; 190: 107853, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669406

RESUMO

Uveitis is usually considered as a vision-threatening multiple system intraocular inflammatory disease. Among uveitis, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease and Behcet's disease (BD) are common non-infectious uveitis entities. Although the exact pathogenesis of uveitis is not yet clear, it is acknowledged that the combination of a certain genetic or epigenetic factors with an imbalance in the regulation of the immune response leads to the development of this disease. HLA genes show a strong association with both VKH disease (HLA-DR4, DRB1/DQA1) and BD (HLA-B51) in multiple ethnic populations. Candidate association studies based on a pathogenesis hypothesis laid the foundation for genetic research of uveitis and identified a large number of genes associated with VKH disease or BD including SUMO4, MCP-1, and CTLA4. Genome-wide association study (GWAS) provided a powerful tool for genome-wide level analysis to explore the genetic predisposition for uveitis and revealed several genes to be associated with uveitis including IL23R/C1orf141, STAT4 and ADO/ZNF365/EGR2. Another variant type, the so called copy number variants (CNV), in IL17F, IL23A and C4A also showed an association with uveitis. Additionally, epigenetic factors such as DNA methylation and ncRNAs play important roles in the development of uveitis. The application of new technologies such as whole exome sequencing and whole genome sequencing and other epigenetic modifications such as N6-methyl-adenosine (m6A) modification of mRNAs will be helpful to discover new pathogenic risk genes for uveitis. The understanding of the genetic and epigenetic mechanisms in uveitis may provide a foundation to find novel targets and to develop new strategies in the treatment of uveitis in the near future.

14.
Neurosci Lett ; : 134617, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705924

RESUMO

Magnetic resonance molecular imaging, as a safe imaging technology, provides a new idea for the early qualitative and hierarchical diagnosis of gliomas. The purpose of this study was to design and evaluate the value of neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) targeting molecular probes in the hierarchical diagnosis of gliomas. First, we created an NRP-1 targeted magnetic resonance molecular probe (USPIO-PEG-tLyP-1) by combining the polypeptide tLyP-1 with ultra-small superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (USPIONs), detecting the physical properties by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS). Second, in vivo experiments, we established two different degrees of malignant gliomas in-situ in nude mice by injecting U87 and CHG-5 cells. Then, to detect the binding ability of the probe with different grades of tumour tissues, we injected the probe into the tumour-bearing mice through the tail vein. Next, MRI was performed before injection, and 6 h, 12 h, 24 h after injection, and we found significantly more iron particles in the tumour tissues of U87 tumour-bearing mice than in tumour tissues of CHG-5 tumour-bearing mice. The signal intensities of the T2-weighted images of the tumour tissues of each group as well as microscopic observations by Prussian blue staining indicated that the binding ability of this molecular probe to U87 glioma (HGG) with high NRP-1 expression was significantly greater than that of CHG-5 glioma (LGG) with low NRP-1 expression (P < 0.01). Therefore, this study confirms that the novel molecular probe USPIO-PEG-tLyP-1 can be used for the grading diagnosis by MRI for gliomas of high and low grade with different NRP-1 expression levels.

15.
Small ; : e1905731, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668013

RESUMO

Memristors are emerging as a rising star of new computing and information storage techniques. However, the practical applications are severely challenged by their instability toward harsh conditions, including high moisture, high temperatures, fire, ionizing irradiation, and mechanical bending. In this work, for the first time, lead-free double perovskite Cs2 AgBiBr6 is utilized for environmentally robust memristors, enabling highly efficient information storage. The memory performance of the typical indium-tin-oxide/Cs2 AgBiBr6 /Au sandwich-like memristors is retained after 1000 switching cycles, 105 s of reading, and 104 times of mechanical bending, comparable to other halide perovskite memristors. Most importantly, the memristive behavior remains robust in harsh environments, including humidity up to 80%, temperatures as high as 453 K, an alcohol burner flame for 10 s, and 60 Co γ-ray irradiation for a dosage of 5 × 105 rad (SI), which is not achieved by any other memristors and commercial flash memory techniques. The realization of an environmentally robust memristor from Cs2 AgBiBr6 with a high memory performance will inspire further development of robust electronics using lead-free double perovskites.

16.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 243: 139-143, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704530

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In obstetrics, labor induction is a common procedure. It has been proved that both single balloon catheters (Foley's catheter) and double balloon catheters (Cook cervical ripening balloon) are effective and relatively safe in cervical ripening and labor induction. This research aimed to compare the efficacy of single and double balloon catheter in the induction of labor with scarred uterus. METHODS: 120 pregnant women who had prior cesarean delivery participated in this research and were randomized into single-balloon catheter group (n = 60) and double-balloon catheter group (n = 60). The cervical ripening effect, security, and influence to the process of childbirth were analyzed in each group. RESULTS: The validity of cervical ripening in single balloon group was better than double balloon group. Double balloon catheters increased the time between insertion and expulsion of the catheter and decreased spontaneous catheter expulsion rate. All the neonatal outcomes in these two groups were comparable. CONCLUSION: Based on our data, the two different catheters both have their pros and cons in the labor induction of pregnant women with scarred uterus. The appropriate catheter used based on specific circumstance will improve the quality of labor induction.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704622

RESUMO

Puerariae Radix (PR) serves as food and medicinal plant for thousands of years with explicit efficacy for heart diseases, while biological target specifically binding-oriented screening of the active components in PR remains a preliminary stage. Cell membrane chromatography (CMC) is newly developed approach where interactions between active components and certain biological targets can be effectively studied, Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) membrane, with its abundant receptors such as ß and AT1, is most eligible for constructing CMC. In this study, an HUVEC/CMC-LC-MS2 system was developed for screening active components in PR, 11 compounds were screened out and four of them were identified. Besides puerarin, the rest identified are daidzin, pueroside D and 3'-hydroxypuerarin. The study provides more reference for CMC applications and PR exploitation.

18.
Oncogene ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705064

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer selective metastasizes to the omentum contributing to the poor prognosis associated with ovarian cancer. However, the mechanism underlining this propensity and therapeutic approaches to counter this process has not been fully elucidated. Here, we show that MCP-1 produced by omental adipocytes binding to its cognate receptor CCR-2 on ovarian cancer cells facilitates migration and omental metastasis by activating the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway and its downstream effectors HIF-1α and VEGF-A in cell lines, xenografts, and transgenic murine models. MCP-1 antibody significantly decreased tumor burden and increased survival of mice in vivo. Interestingly, metformin decreased omental metastasis at least partially by inhibiting MCP-1 secretion from adipocytes independent of direct effects on cancer cells. Together this suggests a novel target of MCP-1/CCR-2 axis that could benefit ovarian cancer patients.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The electrospinning and the bubble electrospinning provide facile ways for fabrication of functional nanofibers by incorporating rutin/hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin inclusion complex (RT/HP-ß-CD-IC) in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). OBJECTIVE: The study aimed at increasing the loading amount of rutin in the electrospun nanofibers to obtain ultraviolet resistant property Method: Rutin was encapsulated in the cavity of RT/HP-ß-CD and formed inclusion complex. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) were used to verify the formation of inclusion complexes. RESULTS: The results showed that the inclusion between rutin and HP-ß-CD had been were successfully formed. The surface morphologies of nanofibrous membranes were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), which indicated that adding RT/HP-ß-CD inclusion complexes had little influence on the morphologies and diameters of the fibers. Ultraviolet resistant results also confirmed the inclusion complex had increased the loading amount in the final nanofibrous mats, and thus had good ultraviolet resistant properties. CONCLUSION: The formed inclusion complexes had obviously enhanced the loading amount of rutin in electrospun PVA nanofibers, indicating the encapsulation of rutin in the cavity of HP-ß-CD is a good way to increase the loading amount.

20.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675231

RESUMO

Microbial degradation plays a major role in the dissipation of pendimethalin, and nitroreduction is an initial and detoxicating step. Previously, a pendimethalin nitroreductase, PNR, was identified in Bacillus subtilis Y3. Here, another pendimethalin nitroreductase from strain Y3, LNR, was identified. LNR shares only 40% identity with PNR and reduces the aromatic ring C-6 nitro group of pendimethalin and both nitro groups of trifluralin, butralin, and oryzalin. The catalytic activities against the four dinitroanilines were much higher for LNR than for PNR. lnr deletion significantly reduced the pendimethalin-reduction activity (60% activity loss), while pnr deletion led to only 30% activity loss, indicating that both LNR and PNR were involved in pendimethalin nitroreduction in strain Y3; however, LNR played the major role. This study facilitates the elucidation of pendimethalin catabolism and provides degrading enzyme resources for the removal of dinitroaniline herbicide residues in environment and agricultural products.

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