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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 442: 130043, 2023 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182882

RESUMO

Reducing the electrode spacing in bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) are widely reported to improve power output, which was mainly attributed to the decrease of ohmic resistance (Rohm) for a long time. Here we found the change of endogenous electric field (EF) intensity was the key to improve electroactivity in response to a reduced electrode spacing, which also accelerated phenol biodegradation. Correlation and principal components analysis revealed that the microbial community of electroactive biofilm (EAB) was independent of Rohm, while the EF intensity was found closely related to most of predominant genera. A strong EF selectively enriched phenol-degrading bacteria Comamonas in suspension and Geobacter in EAB, contributed to the improvement of degradation efficiency. EF also induced the secretion of extracellular polymeric substances, protected EAB from being inactivated by phenol. Our findings highlighted the importance of EF intensity on BESs performance, providing new insights into the design and application of BESs in wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Geobacter , Geobacter/metabolismo , Eletrodos , Eletricidade , Biofilmes , Fenol/metabolismo
2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 301: 115837, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36252875

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: During the Eastern Han Dynasty, Zhang Zhongjing first recorded the Gancao Fuzi decoction (GCFZD) formula in the "Synopsis of the Golden Chamber", which is reportedly an effective and safe treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the mechanism underlying the observed improvement in the T helper 17 (Th17)/regulatory T (Treg) cell imbalance in RA obtained with GCFZD has not been reported. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to demonstrate whether GCFZD ameliorated RA by modulating the Th17/Treg imbalance in RA mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Collagen was used to induce a model of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice. GCFZD was administered by gavage, and the arthritis index score, imaging and histopathological changes of the ankle joints, and the levels of the immunoglobulin G (IgG) class antibodies and proinflammatory factors in serum were determined. In addition, the frequencies of Th17 and Treg cells, the levels of relevant transcription factors and functional factors and the miR-34a gene in the spleen and the levels of interleukin-17A (IL-17A) and IL-10 in serum were determined. RESULTS: GCFZD significantly reduced the arthritis score, improved joint swelling and bone damage, reduced the pathological score, and decreased the serum levels of IgG class antibody (IgG and IgG2a) and proinflammatory factor [tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), IL-1ß and IL-6]. Moreover, the Th17-cell proportion, the expression level of the Th17-specific transcription factor retinoic acid-related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) and functional factor IL-17A in the spleen, and the serum IL-17A level were decreased, whereas the Treg cell proportion, expression levels of the Treg-specific transcription factor forkhead box P3 (Foxp3) and functional factor IL-10 in the spleen, and the serum IL-10 level were increased. Furthermore, GCFZD inhibited miR-34a gene expression while promoting Foxp3 protein expression. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study demonstrate the therapeutic effect of GCFZD on mice with CIA, and the mechanism is related to an improvement in the Th17/Treg cell imbalance by targeting Foxp3 via miR-34a.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , MicroRNAs , Camundongos , Animais , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Células Th17 , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Artrite Experimental/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina G , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo
3.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 2): 159083, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36191712

RESUMO

The development of bifunctional catalysts is an effective way to simultaneously address the slow kinetics of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) on the cathode and biofilm contamination in the microbial fuel cells (MFC). Cu-N/C@Cu composites were synthesized as bifunctional cathode catalysts for MFC by doping, adsorption, and two calcinations by using Cu-ZIF-8 as the precursor. The higher Cu-Nx content confers excellent ORR catalytic activity to the optimized Cu-N/C@Cu-2 catalyst. The half-wave potential for Cu-N/C@Cu-2 in a neutral solution is 0.67 V vs. RHE, which is close to that of commercial 20% Pt/C (0.70 V vs. RHE). The maximum power density of the MFCs assembled with Cu-N/C@Cu-2 reached 581 ± 13 mW m-2, which is even better than that using Pt/C (499 ± 13 mW m-2). Moreover, the results of antimicrobial activity and biomass test show that the higher Cu content made Cu-N/C@Cu-2 effective against the contamination of cathode biofilm. And the 16S rDNA results find that the community structure of the biofilm is favorable for the power production and purification of MFC. This work shows that copper-based materials can be used as potential bifunctional catalysts to promote MFC applications in wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Carbono/química , Eletrodos , Catálise , Cobre , Oxigênio/química
4.
Sci Total Environ ; 857(Pt 1): 159038, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36174684

RESUMO

Quantifying spatiotemporal dynamics of soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks is needed to understand the impact of land use change and can help target carbon sequestration efforts. In the recently and radically transformed landscapes of the state of Illinois, U.S.A., we evaluated surface SOC stocks under land use change using a space-for-time substitution method over 167 years. Additionally, we determined SOC stocks for the A horizon vs 0-30 cm depth to evaluate pedogenically-informed vs more commonly used fixed depth approaches. Legacy soil datasets from 1980 to 2012 were combined with environmental covariates using a random forest algorithm. To more accurately estimate pre-agricultural land use SOC stocks (i.e., pre-1845), SOC observations collected from soils under native prairie and forest were extracted from peer-reviewed publications. The model was validated on 25 % of the total 627 test data (RA-hor2: 0.59 and R0-302: 0.56; RMSEA-hor: 20.5 and RMSE0-30:19.3 Mg/ha) independent of the 75 % of data for calibration (R2: 0.91; RMSEA-hor:10.1 and RMSE0-30:9.6 Mg/ha). SOC stocks were largest under prairie (A horizon: 156.1 Mg/ha; 0-30 cm: 152.4 Mg/ha) and lowest under pasture (A horizon: 33.2, 0-30 cm: 44.6 Mg/ha). SOC stocks varied less by soil order than by land use. Between 1845 and 2012, surface SOC stocks decreased for most of Illinois, with greatest losses in central (-16.3 Mg/ha) and east-central Illinois (-47.0 Mg/ha) where approximately 80 % of prairie was converted to cropland. A slight increase in surface SOC stocks occurred in the unglaciated northwest region and the less recently glaciated south region, as well as in alluvial corridors. This study (i) highlights how estimating spatiotemporal dynamics of surface SOC stocks over centennial timescales can benefit from including measures of SOC under native land use not usually contained in legacy pedon datasets, and (ii) illustrates the potential of identifying localized hotspots of historical SOC loss and thus deficits that can be prioritized for carbon sequestration efforts.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 857(Pt 1): 159160, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36195142

RESUMO

Although associations between phytoplankton and micro-eukaryotes have been studied in aquatic ecosystems, there are still knowledge gaps in comprehending their dynamics and interactions in drinking water reservoirs. Here, the seasonal dynamics of phytoplankton and micro-eukaryotic diversities and their co-existence patterns were studied in a drinking water reservoir, Northwest China. The highest phytoplankton diversity was observed in summer, and Chlorella sp. that belongs to Chlorophyta was the most abundant genus. The highest eukaryotic diversity was also detected in summer, and Rimostrombidium sp. that belongs to Ciliophora was the most dominant genus. Mantel test showed that the phytoplankton diversity was significantly correlated with ammonia nitrogen (r = 0.561, p = 0.001) and dissolved organic carbon (r = 0.267, p = 0.017), while the eukaryotic diversity was significantly associated with ammonia nitrogen (r = 0.265, p = 0.034) and temperature (r = 0.208, p = 0.046). PLS-PM (Partial Least Squares Path Modeling) further revealed that nutrients (P < 0.01) significantly affected the phytoplankton diversity, while nutrients (P < 0.01) and temperature (P < 0.01) significantly influenced the eukaryotic diversity. Co-occurrence network displayed the primarily positive interactions (77.66% positive and 22.34% negative) between phytoplankton and micro-eukaryotes. These findings could deepen our understanding of interactions between phytoplankton and micro-eukaryotes and their driving factors under changing aquatic environments of drinking water reservoirs.

6.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 124: 215-226, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182133

RESUMO

The nirS-type denitrifying bacterial community is the main drivers of the nitrogen loss process in drinking water reservoir ecosystems. The temporal patterns in nirS gene abundance and nirS-type denitrifying bacterial community harbored in aerobic water layers of drinking water reservoirs have not been studied well. In this study, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and Illumina Miseq sequencing were employed to explore the nirS gene abundance and denitrifying bacterial community structure in two drinking water reservoirs. The overall results showed that the water quality parameters in two reservoirs had obvious differences. The qPCR results suggested that nirS gene abundance ranged from (2.61 ± 0.12) × 105 to (3.68 ± 0.16) × 105 copies/mL and (3.01 ± 0.12) × 105 to (5.36 ± 0.31) × 105 copies/mL in Jinpen and Lijiahe reservoirs, respectively. The sequencing results revealed that Paracoccus sp., Azoarcus sp., Dechloromonas sp. and Thauera sp. were the dominant genera observed. At species level, Cupriavidus necator, Dechloromonas sp. R-28400, Paracoccus denitrificans and Pseudomonas stutzeri accounted for more proportions in two reservoirs. More importantly, the co-occurrence network analysis demonstrated that Paracoccus sp. R-24615 and Staphylococcus sp. N23 were the keystone species observed in Jinpen and Lijiahe reservoirs, respectively. Redundancy analysis indicated that water quality (particularly turbidity, water temperature, pH and Chlorophyll a) and sampling time had significant influence on the nirS-type denitrifying bacterial community in both reservoirs. These results will shed new lights on exploring the dynamics of nirS-type denitrifying bacteria in aerobic water layers of drinking water reservoirs.


Assuntos
Desnitrificação , Água Potável , Bactérias/genética , Clorofila A , Ecossistema , Nitrogênio
7.
J Mol Neurosci ; 72(3): 565-573, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569007

RESUMO

As one of the main types of secondary craniocerebral injury, the onset, progression, and prognosis of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) are closely related to the local inflammation of intracranial hematoma. Atorvastatin is reported to be effective in the conservative treatment of CSDH. This study aimed to clarify whether atorvastatin regulated the inflammatory responses in CSDH by interfering with the function of macrophages. The rat CSDH model was prepared by repeated intracranial blood injection with velocity gradient, and MRI was applied to calculate the intracranial hematoma volume. Changes in rat nerve functions were evaluated by foot-fault and Morris water maze tests. Flow cytometry was applied to detect the number of total macrophages and the percentage of M1 or M2 macrophages. The expression of inflammatory factors was examined by ELISA and western blot. Western bolt was applied to detect the expression of proteins involved in the colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF-1R) signaling pathway. Our results showed that atorvastatin significantly accelerated the absorption of hematoma and improved the nerve functions of CSDH rats. In addition, atorvastatin treatment effectively suppressed the expression of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-8 and promoted the expression of IL-10. The total number of macrophages was decreased, and the percentage of M2 macrophages was increased in the intracranial hematoma following atorvastatin treatment. Furthermore, atorvastatin increased the levels of M2-related genes and surface markers in BMDMs stimulated by lipopolysaccharides and IFNγ, and activated the CSF-1R signaling pathway. In conclusion, our study shows that atorvastatin could alleviate the symptoms of CSDH and promote hematoma ablation by polarizing macrophages to M2 type and regulating the inflammatory responses.


Assuntos
Hematoma Subdural Crônico , Animais , Atorvastatina/farmacologia , Atorvastatina/uso terapêutico , Hematoma Subdural Crônico/diagnóstico , Hematoma Subdural Crônico/tratamento farmacológico , Hematoma Subdural Crônico/etiologia , Inflamação , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Ratos
8.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 1027695, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36339836

RESUMO

Methamphetamine is the most widely used illicit drug in China. Treating methamphetamine use disorder (MUD) is challenging due to the lack of effective pharmacotherapies. This study is an experimental study to investigate the efficacy of smartphone-based digital therapeutics in treating MUD at the community level. One hundred participants were recruited and randomized into a digital therapeutics (DTx) group (n = 52) and a treatment as usual (TAU) group (n = 48). The DTx group used a smartphone application to deliver cognitive behavioral therapy, approach bias modification, cognitive training, and contingency management for 8 weeks. The TAU group received counseling from social workers and professional psychotherapists. Cue-induced craving, cognitive functions, PHQ9, and GAD7 were measured at baseline and post-intervention. Wilcoxon tests were performed with bootstrap and multiply imputation to estimate the treatment effect size. The DTx group showed a significant reduction in drug craving [Wilcoxon effect size = -0.267, 95% CI = (-0.435, -0.099), p = 0.002] and a significant improvement in cognitive function [Wilcoxon effect size = 0.220, 95% CI = (0.009, 0.432), p = 0.041]. The DTx group had overall 1, 8, and 24-week attritions of 8%, 11.5%, and 38.5%, respectively. The study shows that Digital therapeutics is feasible and potentially beneficial as a complement to community substance use treatment programs.

10.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2205461, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385484

RESUMO

Rabies is a fatal neurological zoonotic disease caused by the rabies virus (RABV), and the approved post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) procedure remains unavailable in areas with inadequate medical systems. Although strategies have been proposed for PEP and postinfection treatment (PIT), because of the complexity of the treatment procedures and the limited curative outcome, developing an effective treatment strategy remains a holy grail in rabies research. Herein, a facile approach is proposed involving photothermal therapy (PTT) and photothermally triggered immunological effects to realize effective PEP and PIT simultaneously. The designed photothermal agent (N+ TT-mCB nanoparticles) featured positively charged functional groups and high photo-to-heat efficiency, which are favorable for virus targeting and inactivation. The level of the virus at the site of infection in mice is significantly decreased upon treatment with orthotopic PTT, and the transfer of the virus to the brain is significantly inhibited. Furthermore, the survival ratio of the mice three days postinfection is increased by intracranial injection of N+ TT-mCB and laser irradiation. Overall, this work provides a platform for the effective treatment of RABV and opens a new avenue for future antiviral studies.

11.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1017618, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353559

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the 18F-FDG PET/CT in differentiating lung metastasis(LM) from primary lung cancer(LC) in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: A total of 120 CRC patients (80 male, 40 female) who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT were included. The diagnosis of primary lung cancer or lung metastasis was based on histopathology The patients were divided into a training cohort and a validation cohort randomized 1:1. Independent risk factors were extracted through the clinical information and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging characteristics of patients in the validation cohort, and then a diagnostic model was constructed and a nomograms was made. ROC curve, calibration curve, cutoff, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were used to evaluate the prediction performance of the diagnostic model. Results: One hundred and twenty Indeterminate lung lesions (ILLs) (77 lung metastasis, 43 primary lung cancer) were analyzed. No significant difference in clinical characteristics and imaging features between the training and the validation cohorts (P > 0. 05). Using uni-/multivariate analysis, pleural tags and contour were identified as independent predictors. These independent predictors were used to establish a diagnostic model with areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) of 0.92 and 0.89 in the primary and validation cohorts, respectively. The accuracy rate of the diagnostic model for differentiating LM from LC were higher than that of subjective diagnosis (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Pleural tags and contour were identified as independent predictors. The diagnostic model of ILLs in patients with CRC could help differentiate between LM and LC.

12.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 976473, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386207

RESUMO

Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light triggers the rapid generation and accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in skin cells, which increases oxidative stress damage and leads to photoaging. Nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) modulates the antioxidant defense of skin cells against environmental factors, especially ultraviolet radiation. Natural products that target Nrf2-regulated antioxidant reactions are promising candidates for anti-photoaging. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of Modified Qing'e Formula (MQEF) on UV-induced skin oxidative damage and its molecular mechanisms. In this study, the photoaging models of human keratinocytes (HaCaT) and ICR mice were established by UV irradiation. In vitro models showed that MQEF displayed potent antioxidant activity, significantly increased cell viability and reduced apoptosis and excess ROS levels. Meanwhile, the knockdown of Nrf2 reversed the antioxidant and anti-apoptotic effects of MQEF. In vivo experiments indicated that MQEF could protect the skin against UV-exposed injury which manifested by water loss, sensitivity, tanning, wrinkling, and breakage of collagen and elastic fibers. The application of MQEF effectively increased the activity of antioxidant enzymes and reduced the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in mice. In addition, MQEF was able to activate Nrf2 nuclear translocation in mouse skin tissue. In summary, MQEF may attenuate UV-induced photoaging by upregulating Nrf2 expression and enhancing antioxidant damage capacity. MQEF may be a potential candidate to prevent UV-induced photoaging by restoring redox homeostasis.

13.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 993426, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387403

RESUMO

Vitamins and microelements play essential roles in mammalian ovarian physiology, including follicle development, ovulation, and synthesis and secretion of hormones and growth factors. However, it is nevertheless elusive to what extent exogenous supplementation with mixtures of vitamins ADE, zinc (Zn), and selenium (Se) affects follicular growth and granulosa cells (GCs) molecular function. We herein investigated their effect on follicular growth and GCs physiological function. We showed that follicular growth and ovulation time was accelerated and shortened with the increases of vitamins ADE, Zn, and Se doses by continually monitoring and recording (one estrus cycle of about 21 days) with an ultrasound scanner. Integrated omics analysis showed that there was a sophisticated network relationship, correlation expression, and enrichment pathways of the genes and metabolites highly related to organic acids and their derivatives and lipid-like molecules. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) results showed that vitamin D receptor (VDR), transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily m member 6 (TRPM6), transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily v member 6 (TRPV6), solute carrier family 5 member 1 (SLC5A1), arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase (ALOX5), steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (STAR), prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2), and insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) had a strong correlation between the transcriptome data. Combined multi-omics analysis revealed that the protein digestion and absorption, ABC transporters, biosynthesis of amino acids, aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis, mineral absorption, alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, arginine biosynthesis, and ovarian steroidogenesis were significantly enriched. We focused on the gene-metabolite interactions in ovarian steroidogenesis, founding that insulin receptor (INSR), phospholipase a2 group IVA (PLA2G4A), adenylate cyclase 6 (ADCY6), cytochrome p450 family 1 subfamily b member 1 (CYP1B1), protein kinase camp-activated catalytic subunit beta (PRKACB), cytochrome p450 family 17 subfamily a member 1 (CYP17A1), and phospholipase a2 group IVF (PLA2G4F) were negatively correlated with ß-estradiol (E2), progesterone (P4), and testosterone (T) (P < 0.05). while ALOX5 was a positive correlation with E2, P4, and T (P < 0.05); cytochrome p450 family 19 subfamily a member 1 (CYP19A1) was a negative correlation with cholesterol (P < 0.01). In mineral absorption, our findings further demonstrated that there was a positive correlation between solute carrier family 26 member 6 (SLC26A6), SLC5A1, and solute carrier family 6 member 19 (SLC6A19) with Glycine and L-methionine. Solute carrier family 40 member 1 (SLC40A1) was a negative correlation with Glycine and L-methionine (P < 0.01). TRPV6 and ATPase Na+/K+ transporting subunit alpha 1 (ATP1A1) were positively associated with Glycine (P < 0.05); while ATPase Na+/K+ transporting subunit beta 3 (ATP1B3) and cytochrome b reductase 1 (CYBRD1) were negatively related to L-methionine (P < 0.05). These outcomes suggested that the vitamins ADE, Zn, and Se of mixtures play an important role in the synthesis and secretion of steroid hormones and mineral absorption metabolism pathway through effects on the expression of the key genes and metabolites in GCs. Meanwhile, these also are required for physiological function and metabolism of GCs. Collectively, our outcomes shed new light on the underlying mechanisms of their effect on follicular growth and GCs molecular physiological function, helping explore valuable biomarkers.

14.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 1-30, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36398721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: : It is critical to determine the real-world performance of vaccines against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) so that appropriate treatments and policies can be implemented. There was a rapid wave of infections by the Omicron variant in Jilin Province (China) during spring 2022. We examined the effectiveness of inactivated vaccines against Omicron using real-world data from this epidemic. METHODS: . This retrospective case-case study of vaccine effectiveness (VE) examined infected patients who were quarantined and treated from April 16 to June 8, 2022 and responded to an electronic questionnaire. Data were analyzed by univariable and multivariable analyses. RESULTS: . A total of 2968 cases with SARS-CoV-2 infections (asymptomatic: 1029, mild disease: 1858, pneumonia: 108, severe disease: 21) were enrolled in the study. Multivariable regression indicated that the risk for pneumonia or severe disease was greater in those who were older or had underlying diseases, but was less in those who received COVID-19 vaccines. Relative to no vaccination, VE against the composite of pneumonia and severe disease was significant for those who received 2 doses (60.1%, 95%CI: 40.0%, 73.5%) or 3 doses (68.1%, 95%CI: 44.6%, 81.7%), and VE was similar in the subgroups of males and females. However, VE against the composite of all three classes of symptomatic diseases was not significant overall, nor after stratification by sex. There was no statistical difference in the VE of vaccines from different manufacturers. CONCLUSION: . The inactivated COVID-19 vaccines protected patients against pneumonia and severe disease from Omicron infection, and booster vaccination enhanced this effect.

15.
Plant Cell Physiol ; 2022 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36398896

RESUMO

Plants have evolved various mechanisms that protect against the harmful effects of UV-B radiation (280-315 nm) on growth and development. Cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD) photolyase, the repair enzyme for UV-B-induced CPDs, is essential for protecting cells from UV-B radiation. Expression of the CPD photolyase gene (PHR) is controlled by light with various wavelengths including UV-B, but the mechanisms of this regulation remain poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the regulation of PHR expression by light with various wavelengths, in particular low-fluence UV-B radiation (280 nm, 0.2 µmol m-2 s -1), in Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings grown under light-dark cycles for 7 d and then adapted to the dark for 3 d. Low-fluence UV-B radiation induced CPDs but not reactive oxygen species. AtPHR expression was effectively induced by UV-B, UV-A (375 nm) and blue light. Expression induced by UV-A and blue light was predominantly regulated by the cryptochrome-dependent pathway, whereas phytochromes A and B played a minor but noticeable role. Expression induced by UV-B was predominantly regulated by the UVR8-dependent pathway. AtPHR expression was also mediated by a UVR8-independent pathway, which is correlated with CPD accumulation induced by UV-B radiation. These results indicate that Arabidopsis has evolved diverse mechanisms to regulate CPD photolyase expression by multiple photoreceptor signaling pathways, including UVR8-dependent and -independent pathways, as protection against harmful effects of UV-B radiation.

16.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(20): 1120, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388830

RESUMO

Background: Hydrogen rich water (HRW) was used as an auxiliary treatment for periodontitis and peri-implantitis due to its good antioxidant properties. However, the stability of artificially added active hydrogen was far less than that of pure natural active hydrogen, which greatly reduced active hydrogen molecules number in HRW. Meanwhile, the effect of HRW was relatively slow. Finally, long-term drinking of HRW may cause abnormal liver function. Hence, this study sought to summarize and analyze the effects of HRW on oral inflammation and oral flora in various studies to determine whether HRW can be used to inhibit dental plaque formation and aliviate oral inflammation. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of HRW and pure water (PW) in the treatment of periodontal diseases published before March 2022 in the PubMed, Web of science, EMBASE, Cochrane, China Knowledge Resource Integrated, Wanfang, and Weipu databases were searched. Changes in the inflammatory factor levels, oxidative stress response, and oral flora were summarized and used as outcome indicators. The quality of included studies was assessed by Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool, and the standardized mean differences (SMD) and the 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using Review Manager 5.3. Results: In total, 17 studies, comprising 304 subjects, were included in this meta-analysis. Among them, 5 studies had a high risk of bias, and the rest had a certain risk of bias, thus, the total risk of bias was medium to low. The levels of interleukin (IL)-1ß (SMD =-0.73; 95% CI: -1.29 to -0.18; P=0.009), tumor necrosis factor alpha (SMD =-2.51; 95% CI: -3.56 to -1.46; P<0.00001), IL-6 (SMD =-1.31; 95% CI: -1.96 to -0.67; P<0.0001), 8-hydroxyguanosine (SMD =-1.61; 95% CI: -2.35 to -0.87; P<0.0001), and reactive oxygen metabolites (SMD =-0.49; 95% CI: -0.91 to -0.06; P=0.02) in the HRW group decreased significantly, while the glutathione peroxidase level increased (SMD =2.5; 95% CI: 1.85 to 3.15; P<0.00001). Additionally, HRW was shown to effectively inhibit oral pathogenic bacteria activity (SMD =-0.91; 95% CI: -1.16 to -0.66; P<0.00001). Conclusions: HRW effectively inhibits the inflammatory reaction, oxidative stress level, and bacterial proliferation activity in patients with periodontal disease.

17.
Biotechnol Bioeng ; 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319206

RESUMO

Orotate (OA) is a precursor of pyrimidine nucleotides and is widely used in food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries. Although various microorganisms have been used for OA production, the production efficiency needs to be further improved for industrial application. In this study, we engineered Escherichia coli native metabolism for efficient OA production. The entire pathway was divided into the downstream OA synthesis, the midstream aspartate/glutamine supply, and the upstream glycolysis modules. First, the downstream module was optimized by disrupting pyrE to block OA consumption and release the feedback inhibition, and tuning expression of the biosynthetic genes. Second, the midstream pathway was enhanced by increasing the supply of the precursors and the cofactor nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH). More importantly, we observed that pyrE disruption may lead to metabolic disorder as indicated by the accumulation of large amount of acetate. This problem was solved by reducing the flux of glycolysis. With these efforts, the final strain produced 80.3 g/L OA with a yield of 0.56 g/g glucose in fed-batch fermentation, which are the highest titer and yield reported so far. This work paves the way for industrial production of OA and represents as a good example of modulating cell metabolism for efficient chemical production.

18.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 7(1): 377, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379915

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant infection generally gives rise to asymptomatic to moderate COVID-19 in vaccinated people. The immune cells can be reprogrammed or "imprinted" by vaccination and infections to generate protective immunity against subsequent challenges. Considering the immune imprint in Omicron infection is unclear, here we delineate the innate immune landscape of human Omicron infection via single-cell RNA sequencing, surface proteome profiling, and plasma cytokine quantification. We found that monocyte responses predominated in immune imprints of Omicron convalescents, with IL-1ß-associated and interferon (IFN)-responsive signatures with mild and moderate symptoms, respectively. Low-density neutrophils increased and exhibited IL-1ß-associated and IFN-responsive signatures similarly. Mild convalescents had increased blood IL-1ß, CCL4, IL-9 levels and PI3+ neutrophils, indicating a bias to IL-1ß responsiveness, while moderate convalescents had increased blood CXCL10 and IFN-responsive monocytes, suggesting durative IFN responses. Therefore, IL-1ß- or IFN-responsiveness of myeloid cells may indicate the disease severity of Omicron infection and mediate post-COVID conditions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Citocinas , Imunidade Inata/genética
19.
Oncogene ; 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36352097

RESUMO

The heterogeneity and drug resistance of colorectal cancer (CRC) often lead to treatment failure. Isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1), a rate-limiting enzyme in the tricarboxylic acid cycle, regulates the intracellular redox environment and mediates tumor cell resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs. The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism underlying the involvement of IDH1 acetylation in the development of CRC drug resistance under induction of TNFα. We found TNFα disrupted the interaction between SIRT1 and IDH1 and increased the level of acetylation at K115 of IDH1. Hyperacetylation of K115 was accompanied by protein ubiquitination, which increased its susceptibility to degradation compared to IDH1 K115R. TNFα-mediated hyperacetylation of K115 sensitized the CRC cells to 5FU and reduced the NADPH/NADP ratio to that of intracellular ROS. Furthermore, TNFα and 5FU inhibited CRC tumor growth in vivo, while the K115R-expressing tumor tissues developed 5FU resistance. In human CRC tissues, K115 acetylation was positively correlated with TNFα infiltration, and K115 hyperacetylation was associated with favorable prognosis compared to chemotherapy-induced deacetylation. Therefore, TNFα-induced hyperacetylation at the K115 site of IDH1 promotes antitumor redox homeostasis in CRC cells, and can be used as a marker to predict the response of CRC patients to chemotherapy.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 61(45): 17972-17984, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36322117

RESUMO

Piezocatalysis is a promising technology to address environmental pollution by converting mechanical energy into chemical energy. Herein, MoSe2 nanosheets with different 1T phase percentages (ranging from 30 to 80%) were constructed by adjusting hydrothermal temperature. Moreover, the roles of phase engineering in the piezocatalysis were thoroughly investigated by degrading rhodamine B and reducing Cr(VI) in ultrasonic vibration conditions. In particular, MoSe2 prepared at 220 °C (MoSe2-220) exhibits ultrahigh observed constant kobs and degradation rate k, which is superior to most reported catalysts to date. The experimental results indicate that the introduction of the 1T phase increases the active sites of the material, improves the conductivity, and inhibits the recombination of electrons and holes. Moreover, an internal electric field in the 2H phase induced by piezoelectric polarization is facilitated to separate electron-hole pairs, enabling the degradation and reduction to proceed. The capture experiments and EPR tests further confirm that •O2- and •OH are main reactive species, and a rational mechanism is finally put forward. This study offers a clear understanding of phase engineering in piezocatalysis and provides an efficiency strategy to construct highly efficient piezocatalysts.

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