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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(12): 127002, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597067

RESUMO

Superconductivity and Anderson localization represent two extreme cases of electronic behavior in solids. Surprisingly, these two competing scenarios can occur in the same quantum system, e.g., in an amorphous superconductor. Although the disorder-driven quantum phase transition has attracted much attention, its structural origins remain elusive. Here, we discovered an unambiguous correlation between superconductivity and density in amorphous Sb_{2}Se_{3} at high pressure. Superconductivity first emerges in the high-density amorphous (HDA) phase at about 24 GPa, where the density of glass unexpectedly exceeds its crystalline counterpart, and then shows an enhanced critical temperature when pressure induces crystallization at 51 GPa. Ab initio simulations reveal that the bcc-like local geometry motifs form in the HDA phase, arising from distinct "metavalent bonds." Our results demonstrate that HDA phase is critical for the incipient superconductive behavior.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34632996

RESUMO

In this work, organic supramolecular linkers involving cucubit[6]urils CB[6] and N,N'-hexamethylene-bis(pyrazinyl hexafluorophosphate) (BPHF@CB[6]) were utilized to assemble dodenuclear silver chalcogenolate clusters into three one-dimensional (1D) materials under different synthesis conditions. These three crystal structures of CB[6]-based sliver cluster-organic rotaxane frameworks were well resolved, and their emission properties were investigated systematically. This construction strategy involving organic supramolecular linkers gives a new methodology for cluster-assembled materials with intriguing structural and functional properties.

3.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 21(1): 234, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) as a clinically most common postoperative complication requires multimodal antiemetic medications targeting at a wide range of neurotransmitter pathways. Lacking of neurobiological mechanism makes this 'big little problem' still unresolved. We aim to investigate whether gut-vagus-brain reflex generally considered as one of four typical emetic neuronal pathways might be the primary mediator of PONV. METHODS: Three thousand two hundred twenty-three patients who underwent vagus nerve trunk resection (esophagectomy and gastrectomy) and non-vagotomy surgery (hepatectomy, pulmonary lobectomy and colorectomy) from December 2016 to January 2019 were enrolled. Thirty cases of gastrectomy with selective resection on the gastric branch of vagus nerve were also recruited. Nausea and intensity of vomiting was recorded within 24 h after the operation. RESULTS: PONV occurred in 11.9% of 1187 patients who underwent vagus nerve trunk resection and 28.7% of 2036 non-vagotomy patients respectively. Propensity score matching showed that vagotomy surgeries accounted for 19.9% of the whole PONV incidence, much less than that observed in the non-PONV group (35.1%, P <  0.01). Multivariate logistic regression result revealed that vagotomy was one of underlying factor that significantly involved in PONV (OR = 0.302, 95% CI, 0.237-0.386). Nausea was reported in 5.9% ~ 8.6% vagotomy and 12 ~ 17% non-vagotomy patients. Most vomiting were mild, being approximately 3% in vagotomy and 8 ~ 13% in non-vagotomy patients, while sever vomiting was much less experienced. Furthermore, lower PONV occurrence (10%) was also observed in gastrectomy undergoing selective vagotomy. CONCLUSION: Patients undergoing surgeries with vagotomy developed less PONV, suggesting that vagus nerve dependent gut-brain signaling might mainly contribute to PONV.

4.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 78: 105739, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500312

RESUMO

Coconut pericarp (shell fiber (mesocarp) and shell (endocarp)), the main by-product of coconut production, is often discarded and causing serious environmental pollution. To make better use of coconut pericarp, the extraction process of polyphenols from coconut mesocarp (CM) carefully studied by screening seven solvent systems, optimizing the assisted ultrasonic process by response surface methodology, and comparing the four processes of Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction (UAE), Homogenization-Assisted Extraction (HAE), Homogenization-Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction (HUAE), and Ultrasound-Homogenization-Assisted Extraction (UHAE). The UAE and HAE are considered to be the main methods for efficient extraction of natural active ingredients. The former effectively destroys the cell wall structure and promotes the intermolecular diffusion based on the cavitation, thermal and mechanical effect of ultrasonic, while the latter breaks the material based on strong shear force between the rotor and stator. Their combinations (HUAE and UHAE) enhance the damage to the cell wall of raw materials and improve the extraction efficiency by the synergistic effect. The results showed that using 60% acetone (V : V) as extraction solvent, solid-liquid ratio of 1:5 g mL-1, ultrasonic temperature of 80 â„ƒ, ultrasonic time of 80 min, ultrasonic power of 225 W, and then homogenizing at 10,000 rpm for 10 min, the total flavonoid content of CM reached the maximum value of 551.99 ± 12.69 mg Rutin g-1 dry weight (dw), while the total phenolic content reached the maximum value of 289.48 ± 4.41 mg GAE g-1 dw at 10,000 rpm for 5 min, which may be related to the oxidative degradation of polyphenols caused by the increase of polyphenol oxidase with the extension of homogenization time. This study provides a technical guarantee for the further utilization of phenolic substances in CM.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18023, 2021 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504296

RESUMO

Similar to global trends, the incidence rate of tuberculosis (TB) in China declined from 2000 to 2018. In this study, we aimed to evaluate TB trends in northern Guizhou Province and identify risk factors associated with rifampicin-resistant (RR) and concurrent extrapulmonary TB (EPTB). We analyzed data of TB patients hospitalized in Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University from 2011 to 2018, and assessed correlations between demographic characteristics of patients and RR-TB as well as concurrent EPTB. Our results showed that numbers of new, retreated, RR-TB and concurrent EPTB cases increased gradually from 2011 to 2018. Retreated patients had the highest odds of RR-TB but a lower likelihood of concurrent EPTB compared to new patients. Patients between 21 and 40 years of age had a higher likelihood of RR-TB compared to those 20 years and younger. Female patients and patients from Bijie city as well as the Miao ethnic minority had higher odds of concurrent EPTB. In summary, our data demonstrate upward trends in new, rifampicin-resistant and concurrent extrapulmonary TB cases in northern Guizhou Province of China, which should not be overlooked especially during and post the COVID-19 pandemic because TB is a greater long-term global health threat than COVID-19.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antituberculose/uso terapêutico , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/efeitos dos fármacos , Rifampina/uso terapêutico , Tuberculose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/fisiologia , Sistemas Especialistas , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genética , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolamento & purificação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
6.
Reprod Toxicol ; 106: 1-8, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555461

RESUMO

This study aimed to analyze the potential association between trichloroethylene (TCE) exposure and congenital heart disease (CHD) and to explore the effect of metabolic enzyme gene polymorphisms on heart development. A multicenter case-control study was conducted. The trichloroethylene concentrations were measured by UPLC-MSMS in urine. Fourteen SNPs in the GSTA1, GSTP1, MPO, NAT1, NAT2, CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2E1 and EPHX1 genes were genotyped using an improved multiplex ligation detection reaction (iMLDR) technique. A total of 283 cases and 331 controls with maternal urine and/or venous blood were included in the present study. The median NAcDCVC was 7.65 ng/mL in the case group and 7.43 ng/mL in the control group. There was no significant difference in the NAcDCVC concentration between the CHD subtypes and controls (P > 0.05). The GA/AA of GSTA1 rs3957357 could increase the risk of CHDs under the dominant model (aOR = 2.26, 95 % CI: 1.31, 3.90), but other SNPs were not associated with CHDs (P > 0.05). GA or AA genotypes of GSTA1 rs3957357 with lower levels of TCE exposure were 3.53 times at risk relative to mothers carrying the wild type genotype. In conclusion, maternal exposure to trichloroethylene alone is not associated with the occurrence of fetal CHD and CHD subtypes. Maternal GSTA1 rs3957357 may increase the risk of CHD in offspring. TCE exposure and metabolic gene polymorphisms probably interact with each other to induce fetal cardiovascular malformation, but larger sample size studies are needed to confirm this hypothesis.

7.
Environ Technol ; : 1-11, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383609

RESUMO

Full mineralization of organic pollutants is a tough task with existing technologies. Even if all conventional energies and extremes are exhausted, high-temperature wastewater treatment is not worth the loss from the perspective of energy. Solar engineering holds promise for the full mineralization of organic pollutants to tackle the global fossil energy shortage. Here, we report solar engineering for full mineralization and efficient solar utilization. The solar energies and spectrum were fully utilized to initiate the solar heat and solar electricity. Two energies were applied to trigger the thermochemical and electrochemical oxidation of the organic pollutants. Our study bridges the gap between the energy and environment towards efficient solar utilization and effective water treatment. As a proof-of-concept study, this demonstrates a solar engineering of full phenol mineralization in wastewater. A record phenol mineralization rate was achieved to reach an oxidation rate of 98% and COD of 93% under a constant current density of 50mA/cm2 at 150°C. UV and HPLC were used to detect the intermediate products during variable time intervals. The results showed that the intermediate products are composed of maleic acid, hydroquinone and p-benzoquinone. In the extreme high temperature (90°C), the solar oxidation time and pathway are greatly altered. The reaction rate constant at 150°C is about 11 times than that at 90°C. More solar heat significantly reduces the activated energy of the pollutant oxidation and lowers the potential of electrolysis.

8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 1): 424-433, 2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392036

RESUMO

Poor dispersion of metal oxide-biomass carbon composite limits its further improvement in electrochemical properties. The study reports synthesis of highly dispersed RuO2-biomass carbon nanocomposite (HD-RuO2-BC). Octyl ammonium salicylate ionic liquid was combined with Ru3+ ion to form Ru-based ionic liquid. Followed by addition of coconut meat, microwave treatment to form homogeneous solution, thermal reduction in N2 and oxidation in air in sequence. The resulting HD-RuO2-BC shows three-dimensional architecture and high Ru loading of 9.2%. RuO2 nanoparticles of 6.2 nm were uniformly dispersed in biomass carbon sheets. Excellent dispersion and small size of RuO2 nanoparticles achieve to a significant synergy between RuO2 and biomass carbon. HD-RuO2-BC electrode gives high capacitance of 907.7 F g-1 at 1 A g-1. The value is more than that of BC (150.6 F g-1) and RuO2 electrodes (584.7 F g-1), verifying that introduction of RuO2 achieves to an obviously enhanced capacitance. The symmetrical flexible supercapacitor exhibits excellent supercapacitor performances, including high capacitance (403.8 F g-1 at 1.0 A g-1), rate-capacity (223.1 F g-1 at 50 A g-1), cycling stability (98.2% capacity retention after 10,000 cycles at 50 A g-1) and energy density (378.7 Wh Kg-1at power density of 5199.2 W kg-1).

9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4902, 2021 08 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385461

RESUMO

Efficient and precise base editors (BEs) for C-to-G transversion are highly desirable. However, the sequence context affecting editing outcome largely remains unclear. Here we report engineered C-to-G BEs of high efficiency and fidelity, with the sequence context predictable via machine-learning methods. By changing the species origin and relative position of uracil-DNA glycosylase and deaminase, together with codon optimization, we obtain optimized C-to-G BEs (OPTI-CGBEs) for efficient C-to-G transversion. The motif preference of OPTI-CGBEs for editing 100 endogenous sites is determined in HEK293T cells. Using a sgRNA library comprising 41,388 sequences, we develop a deep-learning model that accurately predicts the OPTI-CGBE editing outcome for targeted sites with specific sequence context. These OPTI-CGBEs are further shown to be capable of efficient base editing in mouse embryos for generating Tyr-edited offspring. Thus, these engineered CGBEs are useful for efficient and precise base editing, with outcome predictable based on sequence context of targeted sites.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Citidina Desaminase/metabolismo , Edição de Genes/métodos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Uracila-DNA Glicosidase/metabolismo , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Sítios de Ligação/genética , Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Códon/genética , Citidina Desaminase/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , Feminino , Biblioteca Gênica , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Camundongos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Uracila-DNA Glicosidase/genética
10.
Foods ; 10(7)2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34359427

RESUMO

Pea protein isolate (PPI), as an emerging plant protein, has gradually aroused the attention of the public, but the PPI, especially high-concentration PPI's low stability in the acidic aqueous system, was still a problem that limited its application. In this research, we investigated the interactions between relatively high concentrations of PPI (3.0%) and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC, 0-0.5%) in neutral and acid aqueous systems to explore the change of the phase behavior and stability of PPI as affected by CMC. It showed that the stability of PPI in the aqueous systems strongly depended on the CMC concentration, especially at the acidic aqueous systems. At neutral aqueous system, a certain amount addition of CMC into the PPI caused serious phase separation. While stable PPI solutions can be obtained at a narrow region around pH 4.5 to 5.5 by adding different amounts of CMC. The enhancement in the electrostatic repulsion and steric hindrance between the newly formed PPI-CMC biopolymers, as well as the increase in bulk viscosity with the adding of CMC at pH 4.5, contributed to the higher stability of PPI in acidic aqueous systems.

11.
Arch Virol ; 166(10): 2683-2692, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34268639

RESUMO

Porcine sapelovirus (PSV) infections have been associated with a wide spectrum of symptoms, ranging from asymptomatic infection to clinical signs including diarrhoea, pneumonia, reproductive disorders, and polioencephalomyelitis. Although it has a global distribution, there have been relatively few studies on PSV in domestic animals. We isolated a PSV strain, SHCM2019, from faecal specimens from swine, using PK-15 cells. To investigate its molecular characteristics and pathogenicity, the genomic sequence of strain SHCM2019 was analysed, and clinical manifestations and pathological changes occurring after inoculation of neonatal piglets were observed. The virus isolated using PK-15 cells was identified as PSV using RT-PCR, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and immunofluorescence assay (IFA). Sequencing results showed that the full-length genome of the SHCM2019 strain was 7,567 nucleotides (nt) in length, including a 27-nucleotide poly(A) tail. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that this virus was a PSV isolate belonging to the Chinese strain cluster. Recombination analysis indicated that there might be a recombination breakpoint upstream of the 3D region of the genome. Pathogenicity experiments demonstrated that the virus isolate could cause diarrhoea and pneumonia in piglets. In breif, a recombinant PSV strain, SHCM2019, was isolated and shown to be pathogenic. Our results may provide a reference for future research on the pathogenic mechanism and evolutionary characteristics of PSV.


Assuntos
Infecções por Enterovirus/veterinária , Enterovirus Suínos/genética , Enterovirus Suínos/isolamento & purificação , Doenças dos Suínos/virologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , China , Infecções por Enterovirus/patologia , Infecções por Enterovirus/virologia , Enterovirus Suínos/classificação , Enterovirus Suínos/patogenicidade , Fezes/virologia , Genoma Viral/genética , Filogenia , Recombinação Genética , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/patologia , Virulência
12.
Infect Genet Evol ; 93: 104979, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34175481

RESUMO

In this study, we aimed to investigate the molecular epidemiology and drug-resistance profiles of tuberculosis (TB) in Luodian, an area with highest TB incidence and limited healthcare resources in Guizhou, China. The passive case finding strategy was used to identify suspected pulmonary TB with symptoms, and individuals with positive Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) culture were enrolled from May 22, 2018 to April 21, 2019. All the 107 cases except three came from nine towns, including 55.1% from Longping and Bianyang. The phylogeny tree showed that 53.3% of strains were Lineage 2 (Beijing genotype), while 46.7% were Lineage 4 (Euro-American genotype). Among Lineage 2 strains, 66.7% were of "modern" Beijing type. Seven clusters with genomic distance within 12 SNPs were identified. The clusters included 14 strains, accounting for a clustering rate of 13.1%. The distance separating the clustered cases was between 2.1 and 71.0 km (Km), with an average paired distance of 21.8 Km (interquartile range, 2.8-38.0 Km). Based on the gene mutations associated with drug-resistance, we predicted that 4.8% of strains were resistant to isoniazid, 3.7% to rifampicin, and 3.7% to streptomycin; only one strain (0.9%) had multidrug resistance (MDR). This study found low drug-resistance rates in Luodian, and the sub-lineage of the "modern" Beijing branch has recent expansion in Luodian. This work may also serve as a genomic baseline to assess the evolution and spread of MTB in Guizhou.

13.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 349, 2021 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioma is one of the most common central nervous system malignant tumors, accounting for 45~60% of adult intracranial tumors. However, the clinical treatment of glioma is limited. It is of great significance to seek new therapeutic methods for glioma via gene therapy. METHODS: Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) SNHG16 expression level was measured by microarray and qRT-PCR assay; ISH was used to identify the location of SNHG16. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) were separated from glioma tissues and identified using immunofluorescence. Exosomes were isolated from CSCs and cancer cells and identified by TEM and western blot. MTT, wound healing, transwell, and colony formation assay were performed to explore the role of SNHG16 or si-SNHG16 from CSCs on progression of glioma cells. RIP was used to verify the interaction between SNHG16 and TLR7. The experiment of Xenograft used for exploring the function of SNHG16/ TLR7/MyD88/NFκB/c-Myc on growth on glioma in vivo. RESULTS: Microarray assay showed long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) SNHG16 was upregulated in glioma. Followed qRT-PCR also showed an increase of SNHG16 in glioma tissues; high expression of SNHG16 indicated a poor prognosis in glioma patients. Interestingly, SNHG16 was packaged into exosomes and derived from CSCs. Functional analysis showed exo-SNHG16 secreted by CSCs promoted the progression of glioma cell lines SHG44 and U251. Furthermore, SNHG16 interacted with TLR7 and activated NFκB/c-Myc signaling in glioma cells. And the silencing of TLR7 inhibited the progression of SHG44 and U251 cells by exo-SNHG16 from CSCs. In vivo tumorigenesis experiments showed that exo-SNHG16 induced glioma progression by activating TLR7/MyD88/NFκB/c-Myc signaling. CONCLUSION: Our study suggested CSC-derived exo-SNHG16 promoted cancer progression by activating TLR7/MyD88/NFκB/c-Myc signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Glioma , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante , Receptor 7 Toll-Like , Adulto , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glioma/genética , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Receptor 7 Toll-Like/genética
14.
J Occup Environ Med ; 63(7): e440-e444, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34184661

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To predict the future incidence trend of pneumoconiosis in China, and to evaluate three predictive models. METHODS: We selected pneumoconiosis cases (2000-2019) to fit Generalized Additive Model (GAM), Curve Fitting Method, and GM (1,1) Model, chosen average fitting relative error, relative error of prediction, and coefficient of determination to evaluate models. RESULTS: Chinese incidence trend of pneumoconiosis would decrease in the future. Predicted value of GAM (14,566) and Curve Fitting Method (15,781) in 2019 was close to the actual value (15,898). Relative error of prediction of GAM and Curve Fitting Method was -8.38% and -0.73%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The government needs to strengthen prevention and control since pneumoconiosis cases might remain huge in the future. Besides, we advise that GAM and Curve Fitting Method can be used to predict Chinese incidence trend of pneumoconiosis.

15.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2846, 2021 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33990597

RESUMO

We propose a new type of spin-valley locking (SVL), named C-paired SVL, in antiferromagnetic systems, which directly connects the spin/valley space with the real space, and hence enables both static and dynamical controls of spin and valley to realize a multifunctional antiferromagnetic material. The new emergent quantum degree of freedom in the C-paired SVL is comprised of spin-polarized valleys related by a crystal symmetry instead of the time-reversal symmetry. Thus, both spin and valley can be accessed by simply breaking the corresponding crystal symmetry. Typically, one can use a strain field to induce a large net valley polarization/magnetization and use a charge current to generate a large noncollinear spin current. We predict the realization of the C-paired SVL in monolayer V2Se2O, which indeed exhibits giant piezomagnetism and can generate a large transverse spin current. Our findings provide unprecedented opportunities to integrate various controls of spin and valley with nonvolatile information storage in a single material, which is highly desirable for versatile fundamental research and device applications.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34015921

RESUMO

Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have attracted wide attention due to their quasi-two-dimensional layered structure and exotic properties. Plenty of efforts have been done to modulate the interlayer stacking manner for novel states. However, as an equally important element in shaping the unique properties of TMDs, the effect of intralayer interaction is rarely revealed. Here, we report a particular case of pressure-tuned re-arrangement of intralayer atoms in distorted 1T-NbTe2, which was demonstrated to be a new type of structural phase transition in TMDs. The structural transition occurs in the pressure range of 16-20 GPa, resulting in a transformation of Nb atomic arrangement from the trimeric to dimeric structure, accompanied by a dramatic collapse of unit cell volume and lattice parameters. Simultaneously, a charge density wave (CDW) was also found to collapse during the phase transition. The strong increase in the critical fluctuations of CDW induces a significant decline in the electronic correlation and a change of charge carrier type from hole to electron in NbTe2. Our finding reveals a new mechanism of structure evolution and expands the field of pressure-induced phase transition.

17.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0251024, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33930086

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the factors affecting neonatal physical development in pregnant women with or without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: The subjects were selected from the pregnant woman giving birth in 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, from November 2015 to May 2016. The age, occupation, education level, gestational age, body weight before pregnancy, body weight at delivery, body height, delivery pattern, GDM status of pregnant women and neonatal gender, birth weight (BW), chest circumference (CC), head circumference (HC) and birth length (BL) were collected through medical records and questionnaires. The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed and studied. RESULTS: The significant differences were found between women with GDM and without GDM in following neonatal variables (P<0.05): BW, CC, and HC. GDM status increased the incidence of macrosomia (OR = 2.241, 95% CI: 1.406-3.573), large CC (OR = 2.470, 95% CI: 1.687-3.6153). Gestational weight gain (GWG) above IOM guideline was risk factor for macrosomia (OR = 1.763, 95% CI:1.098-2.833), large HC (OR = 1,584, 95% CI: 1.093-2.296) and large CC (OR = 1.707, 95% CI:1.163-2.506). Underweight was risk factor for short BL (OR = 2.543, 95% CI:1.161-5.571) and small CC (OR = 1.901, 95% CI:1.064-3.394). Female neonate was prone to appear short BL(OR = 2.831, 95% CI: 1.478-5.422) and small HC (OR = 2.750, 95% CI: 1.413-5.350), and not likely to macrosomia (OR = 0.538, 95% CI: 0.343-0.843), longer BL (OR = 0.584, 95% CI: 0.401-0.850), large HC (OR = 0.501, 95% CI: 0.352-0.713), and (OR = 0.640, 95% CI: 0.446-0.917). For women with GDM, gestational age was an risk factor of neonatal BW (low BW: OR = 0.207, 95% CI: 0.085-0.503; macrosomia: OR = 1.637, 95% CI: 1.177-2.276), BL (short BL: OR = 0.376, 95% CI: 0.241-0.585; long BL: OR = 1.422, 95% CI: 1.054-1.919), HC (small HC: OR = 0.343, 95% CI: 0.202-0.583; large HC: OR = 1.399, 95% CI: 1.063-1.842) and CC (small CC: OR = 0.524, 95% CI: 0.374-0.733; large CC: OR = 1.485, 95% CI: 1.138-1.936). CONCLUSIONS: In our study, gestational age, GDM status, neonatal gender, GWG and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) are associated the abnormal physical development of neonates. In women with GDM, gestational age was correlate with neonatal abnormal physical developments.

18.
Protoplasma ; 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33884505

RESUMO

Sulfur (S) is an essential macronutrient required by plants. Plants absorb and transport S through sulfate transporters (SULTRs). In this study, we cloned 8 SULTR genes (CsSULTR1;1/1;2/2;1/3;1/3;2/3;3/3;5/4;1) from tea plant (Camellia sinensis), all of which contain a typical sulfate transporter and antisigma factor antagonist (STAS) conserved domain. Phylogenetic tree analysis further divided the CsSULTRs into four main groups. Many cis-acting elements related to hormones and environmental stresses were found within the promoter sequence of CsSULTRs. Subcellular localization results showed that CsSULTR4;1 localized in the vacuolar membrane and that other CsSULTRs localized to the cellular membrane. The tissue-specific expression of the 8 CsSULTR genes showed different expression patterns during the active growing period and dormancy period. In particular, the expression of CsSULTR1;1 was highest in the roots, but that of CsSULTR1;2 was lowest in the dormancy period. The expression of CsSULTR1;1/1;2/2;1/3;2 was stimulated under different concentrations of selenium (Se) and S; moreover, CsSULTR1;2/2;1/3;3/3;5 was upregulated in response to different valences of Se.

19.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(5): 2457-2468, 2021 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33884817

RESUMO

The UNMIX model was used to analyze the source of heavy metals found to be present in the topsoil of parks in the main district of Lanzhou City. The Hakanson toxicity response coefficient was used concurrently to modify the traditional weights in the model, and the matter-element extension model was used to evaluate heavy metal pollution. The results of the evaluation were compared with the comprehensive pollution index (PN) and potential ecological risk index (RI). The results were as follows. ①The average heavy metal content in the topsoil at each sampling point was higher than that of the background value of soil in Lanzhou, with the proportion of Ni, Cu, and Co being 100% while the proportion of Cr, V, Pb, and As contents were 58.82%, 14.71%, 20.59%, and 2.94%, respectively. ② The results of source analysis showed that there were three major sources of heavy metal pollution in the topsoil of the parks in the study area. Source 1 is construction pollution, which contributes 56% of the Co present. Source 2 is traffic pollution, which contributes 44% and 52% of Cu and Pb, respectively. Source 3 is natural, and contributes 62%, 60%, 56%, and 56% of V, Cr, Ni, and As, respectively. Thus, this research showed that natural sources are predominant. ③ The weight correction effect for each heavy metal was significant; there was an approximately 44% reduction in both Cr and V, while the corrected weights of Ni, Cu, Pb, As, and Co increased in the order Co < Pb < Cu < Ni < As compared with the conventional weights. The most obvious change in weight was that of As, which increased by approximately 188%. ④ The results of the evaluation using the matter-element model showed that the state of 46% of the topsoil in the parks in the study area was grade Ⅴ (severely polluted), while 41% was grade Ⅳ (moderately polluted) and 3% was grade Ⅲ (lightly polluted); Co was the main pollutant. The results of the model evaluation were roughly the same as of from the PN and RI, indicating that the matter-element extension model can be used to evaluate heavy metal pollution in soil and the evaluation results are accurate and objective.

20.
Plant J ; 106(5): 1401-1413, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745166

RESUMO

Naringenin, the biochemical precursor for predominant flavonoids in grasses, provides protection against UV damage, pathogen infection and insect feeding. To identify previously unknown loci influencing naringenin accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa), recombinant inbred lines derived from the Nipponbare and IR64 cultivars were used to map a quantitative trait locus (QTL) for naringenin abundance to a region of 50 genes on rice chromosome 7. Examination of candidate genes in the QTL confidence interval identified four predicted uridine diphosphate-dependent glucosyltransferases (Os07g31960, Os07g32010, Os07g32020 and Os07g32060). In vitro assays demonstrated that one of these genes, Os07g32020 (UGT707A3), encodes a glucosyltransferase that converts naringenin and uridine diphosphate-glucose to naringenin-7-O-ß-d-glucoside. The function of Os07g32020 was verified with CRISPR/Cas9 mutant lines, which accumulated more naringenin and less naringenin-7-O-ß-d-glucoside and apigenin-7-O-ß-d-glucoside than wild-type Nipponbare. Expression of Os12g13800, which encodes a naringenin 7-O-methyltransferase that produces sakuranetin, was elevated in the mutant lines after treatment with methyl jasmonate and insect pests, Spodoptera litura (cotton leafworm), Oxya hyla intricata (rice grasshopper) and Nilaparvata lugens (brown planthopper), leading to a higher accumulation of sakuranetin. Feeding damage from O. hyla intricata and N. lugens was reduced on the Os07g32020 mutant lines relative to Nipponbare. Modification of the Os07g32020 gene could be used to increase the production of naringenin and sakuranetin rice flavonoids in a more targeted manner. These findings may open up new opportunities for selective breeding of this important rice metabolic trait.

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