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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245330, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339394

RESUMO

Abstract Background The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals. Aim The study examined the expression of Neuroglobin (Ngb) and Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (Hif-1α) in adult and young yak brain tissues, and provided researchers with meaningful insight into the anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of this mammal. Method The study employed immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and Western blot (WB) to obtain the results. Results Ngb and Hif-1α were significantly (P<0.05) expressed in the cerebellar cortex, piriform lobe, medulla, and corpus callosum of the adult yak while in the young yak brain tissues, the protein expressions were significantly found in the white matter of the cerebellum, pineal gland, corpus callosum, and cerebellar cortex. The Ngb and Hif-1α expression showed similarities and differences. This may have resulted from similar animal species, source of nutrition, age factors, brain size, emotional activities, and communication. The findings documented that Ngb and Hif-1α are commonly expressed in various adult and young yak brain tissues. Multiple roles in the brain tissues of the adult and young yaks are involved in the expression and distribution and are proposed to play a significant role in the adaptation of the yak to the high altitude environment. Conclusion This study provides meaningful data to understand the adaptive mechanism to hypoxia and recommended researchers to expand on the adaptive mechanism and brain tissues that are not recorded.


Resumo Contexto O cérebro é um órgão que funciona como o centro do sistema nervoso em todos os animais vertebrados e na maioria dos invertebrados. Objetivo O estudo examinou a expressão de neuroglobina (Ngb) e fator-1α indutível por hipóxia (Hif-1α) em tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens e forneceu aos pesquisadores uma visão significativa da anatomia, fisiologia e bioquímica desse mamífero. Método O estudo utilizou imuno-histoquímica (IHC), PCR quantitativo em tempo real (qRT-PCR) e western blot (WB) para a obtenção dos resultados. Resultados Ngb e Hif-1α foram significativamente (P < 0,05) expressos no córtex cerebelar, lobo piriforme, medula e corpo caloso do iaque adulto, enquanto nos tecidos cerebrais do iaque jovem as expressões proteicas foram encontradas significativamente na substância branca do cerebelo, glândula pineal, corpo caloso e córtex cerebelar. A expressão de Ngb e Hif-1α apresentou semelhanças e diferenças. Isso pode ter resultado de espécies animais semelhantes, fonte de nutrição, fatores de idade, tamanho do cérebro, atividades emocionais e comunicação. Os resultados documentaram que o Ngb e o Hif-1α são comumente expressos em vários tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens. Múltiplos papéis nos tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens estão envolvidos na expressão e distribuição e são propostos para desempenhar um papel significativo na adaptação do iaque ao ambiente de alta altitude. Conclusão Este estudo fornece dados significativos para compreender o mecanismo adaptativo à hipóxia e recomendou que os pesquisadores expandissem o mecanismo adaptativo e os tecidos cerebrais que não foram registrados.


Assuntos
Animais , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Hipóxia , Encéfalo , RNA Mensageiro , Bovinos , Neuroglobina
3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(18): 1351-1358, 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545578

RESUMO

Objective: The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of intestinal-type periampullary carcinoma (IPAC) and pancreatobiliary-type periampullary carcinoma (PPAC) were compared and analyzed to discuss the optimal diagnosis scheme. Method: Preoperative MRI images of 59 patients (32 males, 27 females, aged 37-80 years) diagnosed with periampullary carcinoma (PAC) confirmed by surgery and pathology in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2017 to July 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into 21 cases in the IPAC group (11 males, 10 females) and 38 cases in the PPAC group (21 males, 17 females) according to histopathological results. The conventional MRI plain scan signs included in the analysis include lesion morphology, the largest diameter of the lesion, lesion location, duodenal papilla morphology, plain scan lesion signal (with the normal pancreatic signal as reference), diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) signal. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) image signs include the dilatation of common bile duct and main pancreatic duct and quantitative analysis of their diameter, the presence of a round filling defect in the distal end of the common bile duct, the morphology of common bile duct stenosis, the dilatation of lateral branches around the obstructed pancreatic duct, the ductal sign, the distance from the end of the obstructed common bile duct to the duodenal papilla, the distance from the end of the obstructed pancreatic duct to the duodenal papilla, and the angle of the pancreaticobiliary duct. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of single meaningful factors. The MRI features of PAC were summarized according to the significant single factor indicators and were classified into 5 image types. And the diagnostic efficacy of the classification criteria for pathological subtypes of PAC was evaluated by the ROC curve. The DeLong test was used to compare the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of multiple diagnostic methods. Results: In univariate analysis, there were statistically significant differences between IPAC and PPAC in lesion location, duodenal papilla morphology, the circular filling defect in the distal end of the common bile duct, the distance from the obstructed pancreatic duct to the duodenal papilla, the angle of the pancreaticobiliary duct, and lesion signal characteristics on plain T2WI fat suppressant images (all P<0.05). Among the 5 types of MRI images, IPAC is mostly manifested as duodenal papillary nodules(15/21,71.4%), while PPAC is more manifested as pancreatic mass type(18/38,47.4%), thickened common bile duct wall type(9/38,23.7%) or ampullary mass type(9/38,23.7%). Both IPAC(2/21,9.5%) and PPAC(0,0) rarely showed the nodular type of common bile duct lumen. In the DeLong test of the significant univariate index(lesion location, duodenal papilla morphology, the circular filling defect in the distal end of the common bile duct, the distance from obstructed pancreatic duct to duodenal papilla, the angle of the pancreaticobiliary duct, and lesion signal characteristics on plain T2WI fat suppressant images) and the 5 classification of MRI images, the AUC of the 5 classifications of MRI images was 0.932(95%CI:0.867-0.997), which was higher than that of any of the significant univariate indexes (all P<0.05). In addition, the 5 classifications of MRI images have the same high diagnostic power as the logistic regression analysis model(P>0.05). Conclusions: The 5 classification of MRI images can improve the accuracy of differential diagnosis of IPAC and PPAC before surgery, and the diagnostic efficiency is better than any single factor meaningful index and comparable to that of the logistic regression analysis model.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Ampola Hepatopancreática , Carcinoma , Neoplasias Duodenais , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Ampola Hepatopancreática/patologia , Carcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias Duodenais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Duodenais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(18): 1364-1368, 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545580

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of anatomical hepatectomy and non-anatomic hepatectomy in the treatment of elderly patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC) and their impact on survival outcomes. Methods: In this study, a retrospective method was used to select elderly patients with IHCC who were surgically treated in Shangqiu First People's Hospital from April 2014 to April 2018, and were divided into anatomic resection group and non-anatomical resection group according to the surgical methods they received.The factors affecting the survival outcome of IHCC in the two liver resection methods were analyzed and compared, as well as the effects of liver cirrhosis rate, TNM stage, ascites rate, lymph node metastasis rate, and vascular invasion rate on survival. Results: A total of 181 cases were included in this study, including 87 cases in the anatomical resection group, with 54 males and 33 females, aged (71.4±5.2) years old;There were 94 cases in the non-anatomical resection group, including 49 males and 45 females, aged (70.8±4.8) years.The 3-year survival rate of the anatomical resection group was 41.4% (36/87), which was higher than that of the non-anatomical resection group (25.5% (24/94), the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05);The median survival time of the anatomic resection group was longer than that of the non-anatomical resection group, and the difference was statistically significant P<0.05;The patient's TNM stage was stage III [OR (95%CI): 2.168 (1.245-3.776)], lymph node metastasis [1.664 (1.087-2.545)], and vascular invasion [1.883 (1.167-3.038)] was an independent risk factor for death 3 years after surgery (P<0.05), The patient's anatomical liver resection was a protective factor for the 3-year follow-up survival (P<0.05). Conclusion: The postoperative survival of elderly patients with IHCC is affected by many factors, but anatomic liver resection is beneficial to prolong the survival time of patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Idoso , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/cirurgia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Affect Disord ; 310: 106-115, 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35525507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Remote sensing for the measurement and management of long-term conditions such as Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is becoming more prevalent. User-engagement is essential to yield any benefits. We tested three hypotheses examining associations between clinical characteristics, perceptions of remote sensing, and objective user engagement metrics. METHODS: The Remote Assessment of Disease and Relapse - Major Depressive Disorder (RADAR-MDD) study is a multicentre longitudinal observational cohort study in people with recurrent MDD. Participants wore a FitBit and completed app-based assessments every two weeks for a median of 18 months. Multivariable random effects regression models pooling data across timepoints were used to examine associations between variables. RESULTS: A total of 547 participants (87.8% of the total sample) were included in the current analysis. Higher levels of anxiety were associated with lower levels of perceived technology ease of use; increased functional disability was associated with small differences in perceptions of technology usefulness and usability. Participants who reported higher system ease of use, usefulness, and acceptability subsequently completed more app-based questionnaires and tended to wear their FitBit activity tracker for longer. All effect sizes were small and unlikely to be of practical significance. LIMITATIONS: Symptoms of depression, anxiety, functional disability, and perceptions of system usability are measured at the same time. These therefore represent cross-sectional associations rather than predictions of future perceptions. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that perceived usability and actual use of remote measurement technologies in people with MDD are robust across differences in severity of depression, anxiety, and functional impairment.

6.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 42(4): 584-590, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35527495

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of inhibiting polyribonucleotide nucleotidyl-transferase 1 (PNPT1) on oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced apoptosis of mouse atrial myocytes. METHODS: Cultured mouse atrial myocytes (HL-1 cells) with or without OGD were transfected with PNPT1-siRNA or a negative control siRNA (NC-siRNA group), and the cell survival rate was detected using CCK-8 assay. The expression levels of ACTB and TUBA mRNA were detected with qPCR, and the protein expression of PNPT1 was detected with Western blotting. The apoptosis rate of the treated cells was determined with flow cytometry, the mitochondrial membrane potential was detected using JC-1 kit, and the mitochondrial morphology was observed using transmission electron microscope. RESULTS: With the extension of OGD time, the protein expression levels of PNPT1 increased progressively in the cytoplasm of HL-1 cells (P < 0.05). Transfection with PNPT1-siRNA significantly reduced PNPT1 expression in HL-1 cells (P < 0.05). Exposure to OGD significantly enhanced degradation of ACTB and TUBA mRNA (P < 0.05) and markedly increased the apoptosis rate of HL-1 cells (P < 0.05), and these changes were significantly inhibited by transfection with PNPT1-siRNA (P < 0.05), which obviously increased mitochondrial membrane potential and improved mitochondrial morphology of HL-1 cells exposed to OGD. CONCLUSION: Inhibition of PNPT1 improves mitochondrial damage and reduces degradation of apoptotic-associated mRNAs to alleviate OGD-induced apoptosis of mouse atrial myocyte.


Assuntos
Glucose , Oxigênio , Animais , Apoptose , Sobrevivência Celular , Glucose/farmacologia , Camundongos , Miócitos Cardíacos , Oxigênio/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo
7.
Epidemiol Infect ; 150: e90, 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543101

RESUMO

The incidence of scarlet fever has increased dramatically in recent years in Chongqing, China, but there has no effective method to forecast it. This study aimed to develop a forecasting model of the incidence of scarlet fever using a seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average (SARIMA) model. Monthly scarlet fever data between 2011 and 2019 in Chongqing, China were retrieved from the Notifiable Infectious Disease Surveillance System. From 2011 to 2019, a total of 5073 scarlet fever cases were reported in Chongqing, the male-to-female ratio was 1.44:1, children aged 3-9 years old accounted for 81.86% of the cases, while 42.70 and 42.58% of the reported cases were students and kindergarten children, respectively. The data from 2011 to 2018 were used to fit a SARIMA model and data in 2019 were used to validate the model. The normalised Bayesian information criterion (BIC), the coefficient of determination (R2) and the root mean squared error (RMSE) were used to evaluate the goodness-of-fit of the fitted model. The optimal SARIMA model was identified as (3, 1, 3) (3, 1, 0)12. The RMSE and mean absolute per cent error (MAPE) were used to assess the accuracy of the model. The RMSE and MAPE of the predicted values were 19.40 and 0.25 respectively, indicating that the predicted values matched the observed values reasonably well. Taken together, the SARIMA model could be employed to forecast scarlet fever incidence trend, providing support for scarlet fever control and prevention.


Assuntos
Escarlatina , Teorema de Bayes , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Previsões , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Modelos Estatísticos , Escarlatina/epidemiologia , Estações do Ano
8.
J Urban Health ; 2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35486285

RESUMO

The USA was built on legalized racism that started with enslavement and continues in the form of structural racial discrimination. This discrimination is difficult to measure because its many manifestations are hard to observe and dynamic. A useful tool would measure across settings, institutions, time periods in a person's life and the country's history. The purpose of this study was to design a measure of structural racial discrimination that meets those criteria and can be used in large national datasets. To do this, we started with an exploratory mixed-methods instrument design, including qualitative interviews with 15 older Black adults and focus groups with 38 discrimination researchers and other key stakeholders. We then identified 27 indicators of structural racial discrimination across nine theorized discrimination contexts. We matched these with historical administrative data sets to develop an instrument that could quantify older Black Americans' exposure to structural racial discrimination across contexts, the life course, and geographies. These can be mapped to the life course of structural discrimination based on the home addresses of those surveyed. Linking these to available indicators is a promising approach. It is a low burden for participants and enables increasingly multifaceted and focused measurement as more national datasets become available. A flexible, feasible comprehensive measure of structural discrimination could allow not only more thorough documentation of inequities but also allow informed decision making about policies and programs intended to promote racial equity. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: To our knowledge, this is the first study that presents a framework for assessing structural racial discrimination across contexts, life course, and geography that is grounded in theory and in the lived experience of intended participants. Leading researchers and policy makers have called for improved measures of structural racism and discrimination and specifically for a lifecourse approach to measurement. This study is a step in that direction. CLASSIFICATION: Social Sciences.

10.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 44(4): 347-353, 2022 Apr 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35448923

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the influence of HBsAg expression in peritumoral tissue of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients on their postoperative recurrence. Methods: The HCC patients treated in Shanghai Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital from October 2009 to August 2010 were selected. The clinicopathological data and adjacent tissues of 718 patients were collected, and dextran polymer immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of HBsAg in adjacent tissues. According to the expression of HBsAg in adjacent tissues, the tissues were divided into HBsAg positive group and HBsAg negative group. Kaplan-Meier method and Log rank test were used for survival analysis, and Cox regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results: Among the 718 patients in the whole group, 153 were HBsAg negative and 565 were HBsAg positive. There was a statistically significant difference in serum HBV DNA level between HBsAg-positive and HBsAg-negative patients (P<0.001). The number of patients with serum DNA≥2 000 IU/ml and<2 000 IU/ml in HBsAg negative group were 52 and 93, while the patients in HBsAg positive group were 325 and 205. The cumulative recurrence rates of all patients at 1, 3, and 5 years after surgery were 30.2%, 54.3%, and 62.7%, respectively. The expression of HBsAg was related to the recurrence (P=0.038). Multivariate analysis showed that γ-GT, PT, multiple tumors, tumor length, and portal vein invasion were independent risk factors for recurrence of HCC (P<0.05). In HBeAg-negative patients with low viral load (HBV DNA <2 000 IU/ml) and without cirrhosis, the recurrence rates of HBsAg-positive patients were 14.3% and 31.0% at 3 and 5 years, respectively, compared with HBsAg negative patients (all 0), the difference was statistically significant (P=0.021). Conclusion: The positive expression of HBsAg in peritumoral tissue increases the postoperative recurrence risk of HCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , China , DNA Viral/análise , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia
11.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 44(4): 360-363, 2022 Apr 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35448925

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effect of primary and acquired resistance to anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) on the overall survival of patients with HER-2 positive advanced breast cancer. Methods: The clinical characteristics of HER-2 positive patients with advanced breast cancer admitted to Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 1998 to December 2018 were collected, and their neoadjuvant/adjuvant and advanced three-line chemotherapy were summarized. Among them, targeted drugs for HER-2 included trastuzumab, pertuzumab, T-DM1, RC48-ADC, lapatinib, pyrotinib, allitinib, sipatinib, seratinib. Based on the duration of benefit from anti HER-2 treatment, the patients were divided into two groups: primary anti HER-2 resistance group and acquired anti HER-2 resistance group. In this study, the overall survival (OS) was used as the main end point. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional risk regression model were used to analyze the effects of different drug resistance mechanisms on the overall survival. Results: The whole group of 284 patients were included. The median age of recurrence and metastasis was 48 years old, 155 (54.6%) were hormone receptor (HR) positive and 129 (45.4%) were HR negative, 128 cases (45.1%) were premenopausal and 156 cases (54.9%) were postmenopausal, 277 cases (97.5%) had a score of 0-1 in ECoG PS and 7 cases (2.5%) had a score of more than 2 in the first diagnosis of relapse and metastasis. There were 103 cases (36.3%) in the primary drug resistance group and 181 cases (63.7%) in the secondary drug resistance group. The median overall survival time of the two groups was 24.9 months and 40.4 months, respectively, with statistical significance (P<0.001). Conclusion: Primary resistance to HER-2 is one of the factors of poor prognosis in HER-2 positive breast cancer, and its mechanism needs to be further explored.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Resistência a Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 42(2): 278-285, 2022 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35365454

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of melatonin on the growth and metastasis of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells and explore the mechanism. METHODS: MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with 1, 3 or 5 mmol/L melatonin, and the changes in cell proliferation were examined using CCK-8 assay. Colony-forming assay and wound healing assay were used to assess the effects of melatonin treatmnent on colony-forming ability and migration of the cells. Flow cytometry and immunofluoresnce assay were employed to examine apoptosis and positive staining for autophagy-related proteins in the cells treated with 3 mmol/L melatonin. The effects of melatonin treatment alone or in combination with 3-methyladenine (3-MA) on the expressions of the proteins associated with autophagy (LC3, P62 and Beclin1), apoptosis (Bcl2 and Bax) and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (E-cadherin and Snail) were examined with Western blotting. RESULTS: Melatonin treatment significantly inhibited the proliferation of breast cancer cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner (P < 0.05), suppressed colony-forming ability and migration (P < 0.01), and promoted apoptosis of the cells (P < 0.01). Melatonin treatment alone significantly increased the expressions of Bax (P < 0.05), E-cadherin, LC3-II/LC3-I, and Beclin1 and lowered the expressions of Bcl2 (P < 0.05), Snail, P62 (P < 0.05), and Bcl2/Bax ratio (P < 0.01) in the cells, and caused enhanced positive staining of Beclin1 protein and attenuated staining of P62 protein. Compared with melatonin treatment alone, melatonin treatment combined with 3-MA significantly decreased the expressions of Beclin1 (P < 0.001), LC3-II/LC3-I (P < 0.05), Bax (P < 0.01), and E-cadherin (P < 0.001) and increased the expressions of Bcl2 (P < 0.05), Snail, and Bcl2/Bax ratio (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Melatonin can induce autophagy of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells to inhibit cell proliferation and metastasis and promote cell apoptosis, and suppressing autophagy can weaken the inhibitory effect of melatonin on the growth and metastasis of breast cancer cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Melatonina , Autofagia , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Melatonina/farmacologia
15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(13): 935-941, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35385965

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between the levels of exosomes in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and plasma and the severity of lung injury and its outcome in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Methods: Patients who were admitted to the Department of Critical Care Medicine, Zhongda Hospital Affiliated to Southeast University and received invasive mechanical ventilation were selected from August 2020 to April 2021, and they were divided into ARDS group and non-ARDS group. Finally, 33 ARDS patients were included, including 18 males and 15 females, aged (65.5±15.5) years; 10 non-ARDS patients, 8 males and 2 females, aged (57.2±15.3) years. The BALF and plasma of the two groups of patients were collected within 24 hours after enrollment, and the total exosomes of the samples were collected by ultracentrifugation. Nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA) was used to detect and compare the differences in exosome content between the two groups. Correlation of content with the severity and prognosis of lung injury in ARDS patients. Results: There was no significant difference in gender and age between ARDS group and non-ARDS group (both P>0.05). The exosome in plasma of ARDS group was significantly higher than that of non-ARDS group [(25.3±1.2)/ml vs (24.2±1.6)/ml, P=0.031], while the exosomes in BALF of ARDS group was also higher than that of non-ARDS group [(26.5±1.6)/ml vs (24.6±1.1)/ml, P=0.001]. The exosomes in BALF of patients with ARDS caused by intrapulmonary causes was higher than that in ARDS group caused by extrapulmonary causes [(26.9±1.5)/ml vs (25.2±0.9)/ml, P=0.01], and the infection caused by bacterial shows that the highest exosome level in BALF. The exosomes in the BALF of the mild ARDS group was significantly lower than that of the severe ARDS group [(25.7±1.3)/ml vs (27.2±1.5)/ml, P=0.038]; the exosomes in BALF of ARDS patients was negatively correlated with P/F ratio (r=-0.38, P=0.03); and it was positively correlated with Murray lung injury score (r=0.47, P=0.01). However, the static compliance levels, length of hospital stay, duration of mechanical ventilation, and 28-day outcome were not associated with the exosomes in BALF. Conclusion: Compared with non-ARDS patients, ARDS patients have significantly higher levels of exosomes in BALF and plasma, there is a certain correlation between exosomes derived from BALF and the severity of lung injury in ARDS.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Lesão Pulmonar , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 50(3): 282-288, 2022 Mar 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35340148

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the impact of composite clinical worsening (cCW) events and its components on the prognosis of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease (CHD-PAH). Methods: This is a retrospective study. Patients who were diagnosed with CHD-PAH in Beijing Anzhen Hospital between January 2007 and July 2018, were included, and their baseline clinical data including demographic, clinical manifestations and New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification were collected retrospectively. All-cause deaths and clinical worsening events were recorded, which included syncope, PAH related hospitalization, NYHA classification deterioration and ≥ 2 PAH related clinical symptoms (dyspnea, hemoptysis, edema, chest pain, palpitations, cyanosis) appearance/progress. Three kinds of cCW events were defined: cCW1 (included PAH related hospitalization, NYHA classification deterioration), cCW2 (increased syncope on the basis of cCW1) and cCW3 (increased ≥ 2 PAH related clinical symptoms appearance/progress on the basis of cCW2). The Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze the long-term survival of the included patients. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were used to evaluate the impact of cCW events and their components on the risk of all-cause mortality. Results: A total of 525 patients with CHD-PAH were included in this study. The median age at diagnosis was 20.7 (11.2, 30.3) years. There were 43.8% children (<18 years), and 68.8% female patients. There were 431 patients (82.1%) with NYHA classification II. A total of 180 patients had PAH symptoms at diagnosis. The median follow-up time was 4.5 (2.6, 6.7) years. Forty-seven patients (9.0%) died during the follow-up period. Survival rates at 1, 5 and 10 years after diagnosis of PAH were 98.0%, 89.9% and 84.4%, respectively. Cox multivariate analysis showed that NYHA classification deterioration (HR=3.901, 95%CI 1.863-8.169, P<0.001), ≥2 PAH symptoms appearance/progress (HR=4.458, 95%CI 1.870-10.625, P<0.001), PAH-related hospitalization (HR=4.058, 95%CI 1.851-8.896, P<0.001) and syncope (HR=11.313, 95%CI 4.860-26.332, P<0.001) were independent predictors of increased risk of death. All 3 kinds of cCW events were significantly associated with the significantly increased risk of death, and cCW2 was highly predictive to increased risk of death (HR=15.476, 95%CI 4.346-37.576, P<0.001). Conclusions: The overall long-term prognosis of CHD-PAH patients in this study is relatively good. cCW events and its components (NYHA classification deterioration, ≥2 PAH symptoms occurrence/worsening, PAH-related hospitalization and syncope) have adverse influence on all-cause death in this patient cohort.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar , Criança , Hipertensão Pulmonar Primária Familiar/complicações , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 61(4): 370-376, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35340182

RESUMO

Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a rare systemic autoinflammatory disorder. In China, standardized diagnosis and treatment for AOSD is insufficient. Based on the evidence from China and other countries, Chinese Rheumatology Association developed standardization of diagnosis and treatment of AOSD in China. The purpose is to standardize the methods for diagnosis of AOSD, treatment strategies, and reduce misdiagnosis, missed diagnosis and irreversible damage.


Assuntos
Doença de Still de Início Tardio , Adulto , China , Humanos , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/diagnóstico , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/terapia
19.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 61(4): 403-408, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35340187

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the differences in clinical characteristics between different genders of Chinese patients with systemic sclerosis(SSc). Methods: The data of SSc patients registered in Chinese Rheumatism Data Center between August 2008 and June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: A total of 1 844 patients with SSc were enrolled in the study. The ratio of males to females was 289 to 1 555. The onset age was (48.6±13.7) years in males and (45.5±13.1) years in females(P<0.001). Male patients represented shorter disease duration [2.0(0.0, 4.0)years vs.3.0(1.0, 7.0) years, P<0.001],higher proportion of diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) [63.0% (182/289)vs.44.2%(688/1 555), P<0.001]. Although more man patients experienced smoking [47.4%(137/289) vs. 1.7%(27/1 555), P<0.001] and exposure to harmful environments [7.6%(22/289) vs. 2.1%(33/1 555), P<0.001], there was no statistically significant difference in interstitial lung disease between male and female patients [69.3%(181/261) vs. 74.5%(1 085/1 457), P=0.084].Otherwise, Raynaud's phenomenon [87.7% (1 364/1 555) vs.75.4%(218/289), P<0.001], arthritis [11.1%(173/1 555) vs.6.9%(20/289), P=0.032], gastroesophageal reflux disease [22.0%(342/ 1 555) vs.13.1%(38/289), P=0.001], and leucopoenia [10.7(161/1 511)% vs. 6.1%(17/279), P=0.019] were more common in female patients, but finger ulcer was less common [22.5%(350/1 555) vs. 30.4%(88/289), P=0.004]. Antinuclear antibody(ANA) positivity rate [85.6%(1 310/1 531) vs. 78.6%(221/281), P=0.003], anti-RNP antibody positivity rate [23.1%(342/1 479) vs.14.0%(38/271), P=0.001], anti-SSA antibody positivity rate [28.2%(419/1 487) vs.13.9%(38/274), P<0.001] were higher in female patients. Physician's global assessment(PGA) scores [1.4 (1.0, 2.0) vs. 1.0 (0.3, 1.6), P<0.001] and modified Rodnan Skin Score(mRSS) [18.0 (9.5, 28.0) vs. 14.0 (5.0, 28.0), P=0.003] were higher in males. Conclusion: Even though male SSc patients account for a small proportion, more extensive skin involvement, finger ulcers and higher PGA are manifested in males. Physicians need pay attention to these clinical disparities between different genders in SSc.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Clin Radiol ; 77(6): e466-e472, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35346461

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate whether radiomic features could supply additional information in the assessment of lung function, health status, and exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study enrolled 197 patients who underwent high-resolution chest computed tomography (CT) between 2009 and 2011. A total of 17 radiomic features from chest CT images were selected to explore the applicability of radiomics in the evaluation of COPD. Spirometric lung function testing, modified Medical Research Council (mMRC), St George's respiratory questionnaire (SGRQ), 6-minute walk test (6MWT), and exacerbations were collected at baseline and 1-year follow-up. The relationships of radiomic features, lung function, health status, and exacerbation were assessed using linear and logistic multivariate analyses. RESULTS: At baseline visit, radiomic features were significantly associated with forced expiratory volume in 1 second percent of predicted (FEV1 % predicted), FEV1/forced vital capacity (FVC), mMRC, and SGRQ after multivariate adjustment. At 1-year follow-up, original_10thpercentile was associated with mMRC change, and original_10thpercentile, original_elongation, original_sphericity, and original_glv were associated with SGRQ change. Original_flatness was associated with exacerbation and can improve the prediction performance of other models for exacerbation. No radiomic features correlated with the 6MWT. CONCLUSION: Radiomic features were associated with airflow obstruction, health status, and exacerbation of COPD independent of other factors, showing promise in the assessment of COPD.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico por imagem , Testes de Função Respiratória , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários
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