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1.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5015, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33024120

RESUMO

Human gut microbiome is a promising target for managing type 2 diabetes (T2D). Measures altering gut microbiota like oral intake of probiotics or berberine (BBR), a bacteriostatic agent, merit metabolic homoeostasis. We hence conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with newly diagnosed T2D patients from 20 centres in China. Four-hundred-nine eligible participants were enroled, randomly assigned (1:1:1:1) and completed a 12-week treatment of either BBR-alone, probiotics+BBR, probiotics-alone, or placebo, after a one-week run-in of gentamycin pretreatment. The changes in glycated haemoglobin, as the primary outcome, in the probiotics+BBR (least-squares mean [95% CI], -1.04[-1.19, -0.89]%) and BBR-alone group (-0.99[-1.16, -0.83]%) were significantly greater than that in the placebo and probiotics-alone groups (-0.59[-0.75, -0.44]%, -0.53[-0.68, -0.37]%, P < 0.001). BBR treatment induced more gastrointestinal side effects. Further metagenomics and metabolomic studies found that the hypoglycaemic effect of BBR is mediated by the inhibition of DCA biotransformation by Ruminococcus bromii. Therefore, our study reports a human microbial related mechanism underlying the antidiabetic effect of BBR on T2D. (Clinicaltrial.gov Identifier: NCT02861261).

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022376

RESUMO

Rapid T cell reconstitution following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is essential for protection against infections and has been associated with lower incidence of chronic graft-vs-host disease (cGVHD), relapse and transplant-related mortality (TRM). While cord blood (CB) transplants are associated with lower rates of cGVHD and relapse, their low stem cell content results in slower immune reconstitution and higher risk of graft failure, severe infections and TRM. Recently, results of a Phase I/II trial revealed that single UM171-expanded CB transplant allowed the use of smaller CB units without compromising engraftment (www.clinicaltrials.govNCT02668315). We assessed T cell reconstitution in patients transplanted with UM171-expanded CB grafts and retrospectively compared it to that of patients receiving unmanipulated CB transplants. While median T cell dose infused was at least 2-3x lower than that of unmanipulated CB, numbers and phenotype of T cells at 3, 6 and 12 months post-transplant were similar between the two cohorts. TCR sequencing analyses revealed that UM171 patients had greater T cell diversity and higher numbers of clonotypes at 12 months post-transplant. This was associated with higher counts of naïve T cells and recent thymic emigrants (RTE), suggesting active thymopoiesis and correlating with the demonstration that UM171 expands common lymphoid progenitors in vitro. UM171 patients also showed rapid virus-specific T cell reactivity and significantly reduced incidence of severe infections. These results suggest that UM171 patients benefit from rapid T cell reconstitution, which likely contributes to the absence of moderate/severe cGVHD, infection-related mortality and late TRM observed in this cohort.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052659

RESUMO

Since H5N1 virus is a highly infectious pathogen that causes outbreaks of avian influenza, developing a sensitive and rapid diagnostic platform to sense it becomes significant. Here, a novel label-free fluorescence sensing platform based on DNA-templated silver nanoclusters (DNA-Ag NCs) is developed to detect the H5N1 gene sequence representing H5N1 virus. The three-segment-branched DNA structure with closed cytosine-rich loop is designed as an effective template to produce fluorescent Ag NCs, which is different with the previous design of cytosine-rich loop formed by hairpin-like single-stranded DNA or double-stranded DNA. The proposed fluorescence detection approach gives a wide linear range (500 pM-2 µM) and a low detection limit (500 pM) to sense H5N1 gene sequence. Furthermore, selective analysis of target DNA shows that our constructed analytical strategy has a high selectivity to H5N1 gene sequence. It is regarded as a promising method for highly sensitive and selective sensing of H5N1 virus.

4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 584: 125-133, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069012

RESUMO

Solar steam generation has been considered one of the most promising approaches for dealing with the energy and freshwater resource crises in recent years. However, achieving high efficiency in photo-thermal conversion remains a considerable challenge. Here, a series of hierarchical Ti3C2/MoS2 nanocomposites were designed for steam generation by a hydrothermal method. When the mass fraction of MoS2 reached 65 wt% (TM-3), the Ti3C2/MoS2 nanocomposite presented a strong broad-band light absorption of 92.4% from the UV to NIR region because of the accordion-like layered structure. The evaporation rate and solar-thermal conversion efficiency of the TM-3 with as-fabricated evaporator could reach 1.36 kg·m-2·h-1 and 87.2% under 1 kW/m2, due to the excellent light absorption ability of TM-3 and the low thermal energy loss (8.8%) of the evaporator. Meanwhile, TM-3 permits the evaporator to have remarkable cycle stability because of its hydrophobic properties. Moreover, TM-3 showed excellent seawater desalination and wastewater treatment abilities. Thus, the excellent light absorption ability, photo-thermal conversion efficiency, and stability of the overall system suggested that these nanocomposites show great potential applications in synergetic solar desalination and sewage treatment.

5.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(19)2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036261

RESUMO

Component fraction (CF) is one of the most important parameters in multiple-phase flow. Due to the complexity of the solid-liquid two-phase flow, the CF estimation remains unsolved both in scientific research and industrial application for a long time. Electrical resistance tomography (ERT) is an advanced type of conductivity detection technique due to its low-cost, fast-response, non-invasive, and non-radiation characteristics. However, when the existing ERT method is used to measure the CF value in solid-liquid two-phase flow in dredging engineering, there are at least three problems: (1) the dependence of reference distribution whose CF value is zero; (2) the size of the detected objects may be too small to be found by ERT; and (3) there is no efficient way to estimate the effect of artifacts in ERT. In this paper, we proposed a method based on the clustering technique, where a fast-fuzzy clustering algorithm is used to partition the ERT image to three clusters that respond to liquid, solid phases, and their mixtures and artifacts, respectively. The clustering algorithm does not need any reference distribution in the CF estimation. In the case of small solid objects or artifacts, the CF value remains effectively computed by prior information. To validate the new method, a group of typical CF estimations in dredging engineering were implemented. Results show that the new method can effectively overcome the limitations of the existing method, and can provide a practical and more accurate way for CF estimation.

6.
J Int Med Res ; 48(10): 300060520921640, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045875

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic value of the Xpert® MTB/RIF (GeneXpert) assay for tracheobronchial tuberculosis (TBTB) using bronchial washing fluid (BWF). METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled patients suspected of having TBTB and patients with non-TB pulmonary disease as controls. BWF were used to undertake acid-fast bacillus (AFB) smears, the GeneXpert assay and the LÓ§wenstein-Jensen (LJ) culture method. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were compared among BWF AFB smears, BWF GeneXpert and the BWF LJ culture method. RESULTS: A total of 130 patients with TBTB and 102 patients with non-TB pulmonary disease were enrolled in the study. Sputum AFB smears were positive in 62 of 130 patients (47.7%) with TBTB. Using the clinical diagnosis of TBTB as the gold standard, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of the three methods using BWF were as follows: 93.1%, 99.0%, 99.2% and 91.8% for BWF GeneXpert; 73.1%, 100.0%, 100.0% and 74.5% for BWF LJ cultures; 53.8%, 99.0%, 98.6% and 62.7% for BWF AFB smears. The diagnostic yield of BWF GeneXpert was significantly higher compared with BWF cultures for type III and IV TBTB. CONCLUSION: The Xpert® MTB/RIF assay using BWF exhibited higher sensitivity than bacteriological diagnostic methods and was particularly useful for the early diagnosis of smear-negative TBTB.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047266

RESUMO

Achieving "Responsible Consumption and Production" is one of the 17 sustainable development goals set by the United Nations. Controlling overcapacity is an important guarantee in order to achieve this goal. There are many types and large quantities of raw materials in the construction industry, which easily leads to overcapacity. Studying the problems related to overcapacity in the construction industry helps to understand the formation mechanism of overcapacity in related industries. This puts forward targeted countermeasures and suggestions for the capacity resolution to achieve green and sustainable development. Based on this, this paper uses the construction industry capacity utilization data of the Shandong Province in China from 2005 to 2017. It also uses the production function method to construct a construction industry overcapacity calculation model to estimate the construction industry capacity utilization and overcapacity rate in Shandong Province. The DEA method was used to construct an extraction model of influencing factors for overcapacity. The results show that the capacity utilization ratio for Shandong Province from 2005 to 2016 was 81.98%. There was no overcapacity as a whole, but there were large fluctuations in capacity utilization for some time periods. Suggestions for optimization countermeasures were also proposed.

8.
Life Sci ; 262: 118512, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010281

RESUMO

Circadian rhythms play an important role in a wide range of human physiology and pathology. Individuals increasingly experience situations such as night-shift work schedules, likely leading to circadian disruption. Recent studies have also demonstrated that patients with other diseases often show symptoms of circadian disruption as manifested by the sleep-wake cycle and other biological rhythms. Circadian disruption often results in changes to the phase, period, and amplitude of the sleep-wake cycle, melatonin rhythm, and core body temperature. Several cardiometabolic, psychiatric, and neurodegenerative diseases are closely related to circadian disruption. Several interventions are also available, including phototherapy, exogenous melatonin, and exercise. The cumulative findings suggest that circadian disruption can increase risk for some cardiometabolic diseases. Circadian disruption also acts as a concomitant symptom of several psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases. More attention should be paid to evaluating the impact of circadian disruption on these related diseases, as well as the benefits of the mitigation interventions for both circadian disruption and related diseases.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22223, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019396

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Mixed gonadal dysgenesis is a rare disorder of sex development, and typically contains a mosaic 45,X/46,XY karyotype. PATIENT CONCERNS: We reported here a case of a 42-year-old man with infertility for 6 years and inability to ejaculate during intercourse. DIAGNOSIS: Physical examination confirmed that the external genitalia was male. The right testis of this patient was resected and the left testis had intrascrotal calcification. Hormone test showed that the level of follicle-stimulating hormone was 20.14 IU/L (normal range, 1.27-19.26 IU/L). No deletion or mutation was found on the sex-determining region Y. H&E staining revealed seminiferous tubule dysgenesis. The karyotyping in peripheral blood and testicular tissue was 45,X/46,XY and 45,X/47,XYY/46,XY, respectively. Based on these results, the patient was diagnosed with 45,X/46,XY or 45,X/47,XYY/46,XY mosaicism and gonadal dysgenesis. INTERVENTIONS: In vitro fertilization and embryo transfer technology were used to help his wife to achieve pregnancy. OUTCOMES: A normal baby boy was born at 36 weeks of gestation with a karyotype 46, XY. LESSONS: We reported a rare case of a karyotype 45,X/46,XY in blood cells and 45,X/47, XYY/46,XY in testicular tissue. In vitro fertilization and embryo transfer technology can help to achieve pregnancy.

10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 266: 113430, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011366

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Astragalus mongholicus, Solanum nigrum Linn, Lotus plumule, Ligusticum are widely used traditional herbal medicines for cancer treatment in China. They were typical drugs selected from Gubenyiliu II and series of formula (GYII), which were developed on the foundation of YIQIHUOXUEJIEDU theory. In the present study, four active ingredients (Astragaloside IV, α-solanine, neferine, and 2,3,5,6-tetramethylpyrazine) derived from medicines above were applied in combination as SANT. AIM OF THE STUDY: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a serious threat to women's health worldwide. Heparanase (HPSE) is often up-regulated in breast cancer with the properties of facilitating tumorigenesis and influencing the autophagy process in cancer cells. This study aimed at evaluating the anti-tumor potential of SANT in treating HPSE related TNBC both in-vitro and in-vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we explored the correlation between HPSE expression and survival of breast cancer patients in databases. We performed MTS, trans-well and wound scratch assays to assess the impact of SANT on cell proliferation and migration. Confocal microscopy observation and western blots were applied to verify the autophagy flux induced by SANT. Mice models were employed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SANT in-vivo by tumor weights and volumes or serum index, respectively. To analyze the underlying mechanisms of SANT, we conducted human autophagy PCR array and angiogenesis proteome profiler on tumor tissues. RESULTS: Patients with elevated HPSE expression were associated with a poor outcome in both RFS (P = 1.7e-12) and OS (P = 0.00016). SANT administration significantly inhibited cancer cells' proliferation and migration, enhanced autophagy flux, and slightly reduced the active form of HPSE in-vitro. SANT also suppressed tumor growth and angiogenesis in-vivo. Human autophagy PCR array results indicated that SANT increased the ATG16L1, ATG9B, ATG4D gene expressions while decreased TMEM74 and TNF gene expressions.Angiogenesis proteome profiler results showed SANT reduced protein level of HB-EGF, thrombospondin-2, amphiregulin, leptin, IGFBP-9, EGF, coagulation factor III, and MMP-9 (pro and active form) in tumor, raised the protein expression of serpin E1 and platelet factor 4. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicated that herbal compounds SANT may be a promising candidate in anti-cancer drug discovery. It also provides novel strategies for using natural compounds to achieve optimized effect.

11.
Stem Cell Res ; 49: 102014, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039806

RESUMO

Thalassemia is a group of single-gene recessive inherited hemoglobin disorders caused by a mutation or deletion of one or more globin genes, which results in abnormal globin chain synthesis and hemoglobin formation. In this study, human iPSC lines HNMUi002-A, HNMUi003-A, HNMUi004-A, HNMUi005-A, HNMUi006-A, HNMUi007-A, HNMUi008-A, HNMUi009-A, HNMUi010-A were generated from the amniotic fluid cells or urine-derived cells isolated from 9 patients with thalassemia. The iPSC lines exhibited the normal karyotype, expressed pluripotency markers, and carried α- or ß- globin gene mutations. These pluripotent stem cell lines will serve as useful tools for studying pathophysiological mechanism of thalassemia.

12.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 18(1): 100, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046085

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Trophoblast cells are required for the establishment of pregnancy and fetal development. Apoptosis is an essential feature for trophoblast invasion. Uncontrolled trophoblast apoptosis is related to some complicate pregnancies. Oxidative stress (OS) is an important inducer of trophoblast apoptosis. Cyclosporin A (CsA) has been shown to promote the activity of trophoblast cells and reduce OS-induced oxidative injury. We investigated the role and mechanism of CsA in oxidative stress-induced trophoblast cell apoptosis. METHODS: JEG-3 cells were cocultured with H2O2 and CsA. Cell viability and morphology were measured by MTT assay and DAPI staining. Cell apoptosis was tested with annexin V/PI staining. The expression of Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), B-cell lymphoma/leukemia-2 (Bcl-2), cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) and pro-caspase-3 was assayed by western blotting. The protein expression and phosphorylation of p53 and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) kinases (JNK, ERK1/2 and p38) were examined by western blotting. RESULTS: CsA increased the viability, alleviated morphological injury and reduced cell apoptosis of the H2O2-treated JEG-3 cells. CsA also attenuated the activation of p53, decreased the expression of Bax and cleavage of PARP, and increased the expression of Bcl-2 and pro-caspase-3 in the JEG-3 treated with H2O2. Furthermore, CsA reduced the activation of JNK and P38 but had no significant effect on the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) in the H2O2-treated JEG-3 cells. Promoting the activation of JNK and p38 impaired the protective effect of CsA on OS-induced trophoblast apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggested that CsA protected trophoblast cells from OS-induced apoptosis via the inhibition of the p53 and JNK/p38 signaling pathways.

13.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1553, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059656

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accidental drowning of children under five is a serious problem in China. The present study analyzed data on environmental and sociodemographic factors and on primary caregivers of drowned children to understand factors that may contribute to this problem. METHODS: The present study collected information on 563 cases of drowning in children under five from October 1, 2015, to September 30, 2016, in 334 sampling districts in China. Primary caregivers were interviewed individually using the Drowning Mortality among Children under 5 Questionnaire. RESULTS: Most drowned children under 5 years old were boys, and 71.6% lived within 100 m of a body of water. The drownings primarily occurred in ponds, canals, rivers, and wells, and over 90% of these water bodies had no safety measures. There were 28.1% of primary caregivers who did not provide full-time care for the children, and 83.1% of them had no knowledge of first aid skills for drowning. CONCLUSION: Encouraging kindergarten enrollment and providing safety education for children may reduce drowning in children under 5 years of age. Public water body protection measures should be strengthened to prevent children from drowning. Encouraging primary caregivers to care full-time for the children and learning first aid skills for drowning may also help reduce fatalities.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032826

RESUMO

As shown in our previous study, cyclosporine A (CsA) promotes the proliferation, invasion and migration of villous trophoblasts, thus improving embryo implantation. In addition, the incidence of preeclampsia (PE) is decreased in patients with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) and repeated implantation failure (RIF) treated with CsA during the first trimester. Abnormal function of extravillous trophoblasts (EVTs) in early pregnancy is recognized as the pathogenetic mechanism of PE. EVTs share homology and function with pre-villous trophoblasts and villous trophoblasts; thus, we hypothesized that CsA may have the same regulatory effect on EVTs. In this study, we investigated the effects of CsA on HTR-8/SVneo trophoblasts in the extravillous layer and explored the underlying mechanisms. QPCR and Western blot (WB) analyses were performed to detect expression alterations in relevant proliferation and invasion proteins in response to different concentrations of CsA. We used an Affymetrix IVT expression microarray to examine the target genes of CsA in preeclamptic placentas versus normal placentas. Our results showed that certain concentrations of CsA could promote the proliferation, invasion and migration of HTR8/SVneo cells. CsA was also found to promote the expression of titin, MMP9, EGFR, and PRR15. TRAIL may be a target gene for CsA-mediated regulation of EVTs. CONCLUSIONS: By promoting the expression of related proteins and regulating the functions of HTR8/SVneo cells, CsA can promote vascular recasting and placental function, which may affect the pathogenesis of PE.

15.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(41): 17340-17345, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016703

RESUMO

Chiral metal-organic complexes hold great promise as new functional materials that exhibit unique stereochemical and optical properties. Here, we report the formation of optically pure pillar[5]arene-based platinum chiral metallacycles. By coordination with 60° and 90° Pt(II) acceptors, planar chiral platinum triangles were self-assembled efficiently and characterized by multiple spectroscopic techniques. Optical studies indicated that these metallacycles had chiral properties: pS enantiomers showed a negative Cotton effect, and pR enantiomers exhibited a positive Cotton effect. In addition, these metallacycles also exhibited circularly polarized luminescence.

16.
Gene ; : 145244, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069806

RESUMO

The insulin/insulin-like growth factor signaling (IIS) pathway is well-known in regulation of cell growth and proliferation in vertebrates, while its role in invertebrates such as mollusks remains largely unknown. In this study, we performed an extensive multi-omics data mining and identified four insulin-like peptide genes, including ILP, MIRP3, MIRP3-like and ILP7, in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Their potential roles in growth regulation were further investigated using the selectively bred fast-growing C. gigas variety "Haida No.1". Expression profiling and in situ hybridization of these insulin-like peptides suggested their distinct tissue-specific expression pattern, with dominant expression in the neural enrichment tissues such as labial palp, visceral ganglia, adductor muscle, and digestive gland. The expressions of insulin-like peptides were significantly altered by food abundance in a gene-specific fashion. The expression of ILP was reduced during fasting and increased after re-feeding, the expression of MIRP3 and ILP7 were generally induced during fasting and down-regulated after re-feeding, while the expression of MIRP3-like was firstly up-regulated and then down-regulated during the fasting and re-feeding process. Furthermore, the expressions of all four insulin-like peptide genes were significantly suppressed at low temperature, in accordance with the growth inhibition. These results indicated that all four insulin-like peptides would play critical but different roles in regulation of growth in the oysters. This work provides valuable information for further investigation on growth regulation mechanism in mollusks and molecular assisted breeding of growth with other production traits in the Pacific oyster.

17.
Pharm Biol ; 58(1): 785-795, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073642

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Qing-Mai-Yin (QMY) is a clinically used herbal formula for treating arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the chemical constituents and effects of QMY on ASO rabbit model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight New Zealand rabbits were divided into six groups (n = 8): normal (normal rabbits treated with 0.5% CMC-Na), vehicle (ASO rabbits treated with 0.5% CMC-Na), positive (simvastatin, 1.53 mg/kg), and QMY treatment (300, 600, and 1200 mg/kg). ASO rabbit model was prepared by high fatty feeding, roundly shortening artery, and bovine serum albumin immune injury. QMY (300, 600 and 1200 mg/kg) was orally administered for 8 weeks. The effects and possible mechanisms of QMY on ASO rabbits were evaluated by pathological examination, biochemical assays, and immunohistochemical assays. The compositions of QMY were analysed using HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS analysis. RESULTS: Compared to the vehicle rabbit, QMY treatment suppressed plaque formation and intima thickness in aorta, and decreased intima thickness, whereas increased lumen area of femoral artery. Additionally, QMY treatment decreased TC, TG and LDL, decreased CRP and ET, and increased NO and 6-K-PGF1α in serum. Furthermore, the potential mechanisms studied revealed that QMY treatment could suppress expression of TNF-α, IL-6, ICAM-1 and NF-κB in endothelial tissues, and increase IκB. In addition, HPLC analysis showed QMY had abundant anthraquinones, stilbenes, and flavonoids. CONCLUSION: QMY has ameliorative effects on ASO rabbit, and the potential mechanisms are correlated to reducing inflammation and down-regulating NF-κB. Our study provides a scientific basis for the future application and investigation of QMY.

18.
Talanta ; 219: 121305, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887046

RESUMO

A novel aqueous two-phase extraction method has been established for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in water sample. This method was based on the extraction of naphthalene and pyrene from water by means of choline amino acid ionic liquids aqueous two-phase system and their determination by synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy. In synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy, the fluorescence peaks of naphthalene and pyrene were completely separated to meet the requirement of simultaneous determination. For this method, good linear calibration curves of naphthalene and pyrene were obtained in the range of 0.50-10.0, 0.05-5.0 µg mL-1, respectively, and limits of detection were 0.211, 0.012 µg mL-1, respectively. The proposed method was successfully applied for the simultaneous determination of naphthalene and pyrene in water samples, which was considered as an excellent green analysis according Analytical Eco-Scale.

19.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(4): 398-403, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865358

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the correlation among gingival thickness (GT), underlying alveolar bone thickness (BT), and other periodontal biotype characteristics in the maxillary anterior. METHODS: A total of 40 young volunteers with healthy periodontal were involved in this research. The periodontal probe was previously used to divide the gingiva from thick to thin. Two records were measured by cone beam CT (CBCT) GT, which was measured at the cement-enamel junction level; and BT, which was measured at 3 locations: 1, 3, 5 mm below the alveolar crest. Oral and gypsum measurements were used to analyze the associations of the crown width/crown length ratio (CW/CL), the keratinized mucosa width (KM), and the free gingival margin curvature. RESULTS: Significant difference in the GT was observed between the thick and thin biotypes, which were divided by periodontal probe (P<0.01). Difference was observed in each periodontal biotype characteristic between the thick (GT≥1 mm) and thin biotypes (GT<1 mm) (P<0.05). BT was positively associated with GT (r=0.293, P=0.001), CW/CL (r=0.273, P=0.003), KM (r=0.291, P=0.001), and free gingival margin curvature (r=0.290, P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The transparency of the probing in the sulcus could analyze the GT qualitatively. The thick and thin biotypes have different periodontal biotype characteristics. Compared with individuals with thick biotype, those with thin biotype are susceptible to risk dental aesthetic.


Assuntos
Maxila , Coroa do Dente , Processo Alveolar , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Gengiva , Humanos
20.
BMC Microbiol ; 20(1): 274, 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clostridioides (formerly Clostridium) difficile infection is the leading cause of antibiotic-associated colitis. Studies have demonstrated that C. difficile toxin A (TcdA) can cause apoptosis of many human cell types. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among exposure to TcdA, the role of the receptor for the globular heads of C1q (gC1qR) gene and the underlying intracellular apoptotic mechanism in human colonic epithelial cells (NCM 460). In this study, gC1qR expression was examined using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), western blotting and immunohistochemical staining. Cell viability was assessed by the water-soluble tetrazolium salt (WST-1) assay, and cell apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry and the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay. Mitochondrial function was assessed based on reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, changes in the mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and the content of ATP. RESULTS: Our study demonstrated that increasing the concentration of TcdA from 10 ng/ml to 20 ng/ml inhibited cell viability and induced cell apoptosis (p < 0.01). Moreover, the TcdA-induced gC1qR expression and enhanced expression of gC1qR caused mitochondrial dysfunction (including production of ROS and decreases in the ΔΨm and the content of ATP) and cell apoptosis. However, silencing of the gC1qR gene reversed TcdA-induced cell apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction. CONCLUSION: These data support a mechanism by which gC1qR plays a crucial role in TcdA-induced apoptosis of human colonic epithelial cells in a mitochondria-dependent manner.

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