Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.170
Filtrar
1.
Talanta ; 207: 120259, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594574

RESUMO

We report a new method: biomimetic cell-cell adhesion capillary electrophoresis (BCCACE) to screen drugs targeting interactions between cell membrane receptors and ligands under an environment close to physiological conditions, in which the cell membrane receptors/ligands can maintain their natural conformations and bioactivity without being isolated and purified. Firstly, we screened twenty-one lactose derivatives by cell-immobilized capillary electrophoresis and obtained Gu-4 with the best activity (K = 3.58 ±â€¯0.22 × 104) targeting macrophage antigen-1 (Mac-1). Then, BCCACE was performed as follows: HEK 293 cells overexpressed with receptor (intercellular adhesion molecules-1, ICAM-1) were cultured and immobilized on the inner wall of capillaries as stationary phase, which simulated the endothelial cells lining on the inner surface of blood vessels. HEK 293 cells overexpressed with ligand Mac-1 as samples were used to simulate the neutrophils cells in blood vessels. And Gu-4 added into the running buffer solution as the antagonist was used to simulate the drug in blood. The results showed that Gu-4 (40 µM) could selectively inhibit cell-cell adhesion by targeting the interaction between Mac-1 and ICAM-1. Finally, the pharmaceutical efficacy assays of Gu-4 at cellular and animal levels were carried out using the concentration of 40 µM and the dose of 20 mg kg-1 respectively, which showed the anti-cancer metastasis activity of Gu-4 and the validity of the method. This method simulated a complete three-dimensional vascular model, which can easily obtain the suitable blood concentration of drugs. This system simulated the interaction between leukocytes and vascular endothelial cells in the bloodstream antagonized by drugs, and obtained the effective concentration of the antagonist. It can be used as an accuracy and efficient drug screening method and will be expected to become a new method to screen drugs targeting cell-cell adhesion.

2.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 177: 112808, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585328

RESUMO

Consulting the national pharmacopoeia, no official quality standard was found for estimation of related substances and assay of atosiban acetate injection, of which main active component is atosiban. To solve this problem, herein, a novel high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method was developed and validated in this study. A chromatographic system comprising an Inertsil ODS-2 analytical column, mobile phase-A of water (pH adjusted to 3.2 with trifluoroacetic acid)-acetonitrile-methanol (77:14:9, v/v/v), mobile phase-B of acetonitrile-methanol (65:35, v/v), a flow rate of 1.0 mL min-1 and a UV detector set at 220 nm with column temperature at 35 °C has shown simple, reproducible and specific determination for atosiban and its five related substances. Also, we combined with mass spectrometry to characterize the molecular weight and tentative structure of the impurities. Using HPLC verified methodology, results of the validation study showed that the precision, specificity and accuracy of the five impurities, good linear equation R squared was greater than 0.9993, and as such, the limit of detection and the limit of quantification have been determined. The proposed method in this study, which, to the best of our knowledge, is the most comprehensive HPLC determination applied to the routine analysis in quality control of this injection.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 698: 134276, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514028

RESUMO

Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) contamination has become a major concern over the effects on human health. In the present study, we collected widely consumed green mussels (Perna viridis) samples from the northern South China Sea (NSCS) to investigate the occurrence, spatial distribution, congener profiles as well as potential risk of 18 PBDEs. All the target PBDEs were detected in green mussel samples, indicating their ubiquitous distribution. The concentrations of the total 18 PBDES (ΣPBDEs) in all samples varied from 6.96 to 55.6 ng/g lipid weight (lw), with BDE-47 and BDE-209 being the predominant PBDE congeners. Overall, the ΣPBDEs pollution in green mussels from NSCS was at a moderate to high level in comparison with the PBDEs pollution worldwide. The dietary exposure of the local population in South China to PBDEs via consuming green mussels was estimated to be 0.30-0.80 ng/kg body weight (bw)/day. Evaluation of the exposure risk for BDE-47, 99, 153 and 209 indicated that health risks due to green mussel consumption are substantially lower than the U.S. EPA minimum concern level.

4.
Food Microbiol ; 86: 103343, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703887

RESUMO

The bacterial conversion of glutamine to glutamate is catalyzed by glutamine-amidotransferases or glutaminases. Glutamine deamination contributes to the formation of the bioactive metabolites glutamate, γ-aminobutyrate (GABA) and γ-glutamyl peptides, and to acid resistance. This study aimed to investigate the distribution of glutaminase(s) in lactobacilli, and to evaluate their contribution in L. reuteri to amino acid metabolism and acid resistance. Phylogenetic analysis of the glutaminases gls1, gls2 and gls3 in the genus Lactobacillus demonstrated that glutaminase is exclusively present in host-adapted species of lactobacilli. The disruption gls1, gls2 and gls3 in L. reuteri 100-23 had only a limited effect on the conversion of glutamine to glutamate, GABA, or γ-glutamyl peptides in sourdough. The disruption of all glutaminases in L. reuteri 100-23Δgls1Δgls2Δgls3 but not disruption of gls2 and gls3 eliminated the protective effect of glutamine on the survival of the strain at pH 2.5. Glutamine also enhanced acid resistance of L. reuteri 100-23ΔgadB and L. taiwanensis 107q, strains without glutamate decarboxylase activity. Taken together, the study demonstrates that glutaminases of lactobacilli do not contribute substantially to glutamine metabolism but enhance acid resistance. Their exclusive presence in host-adapted lactobacilli provides an additional link between the adaptation of lactobacilli to specific habitats and their functionality when used as probiotics and starter cultures.

5.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124586, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442775

RESUMO

Cyantraniliprole can effectively control lepidopteran pests and has been used all over the world. In general, the risk of cyantraniliprole seems low for fish, but the toxicity selectivity among different fish species was not clear. Here the acute toxicity and chronic effects of cyantraniliprole to juvenile tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) were assessed. The results showed that 96 h LC50 of cyantraniliprole to tilapia was 38.0 mg/L. After exposed for 28 days, specific growth rates of the blank control, solution control, and the treatments of 0.037, 0.37 and 3.7 mg/L of cyantraniliprole were 1.14, 0.95, 0.93, 0.82 and 0.70% per day, respectively. The results of micronucleus experiment and single cell gel electrophoresis showed that cyantraniliprole damaged DNA in liver cells of tilapia larvae. Quantitative PCR results showed that cyantraniliprole could induce the up-regulation of Rpa 3 that is responsible for the DNA repair. The significantly down-regulation of Chk 2 gene was related to p53 pathway. It is therefore proposed that cyantraniliprole causes DNA damage in liver cells of tilapia and activates DNA damage and repair pathways.

6.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124620, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472354

RESUMO

Particulate toxic species, such as polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heavy metals may have significant health risks. This study investigated characteristics, sources and health risks of all three classes of toxic species in PM2.5 (particles with aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 µm) samples collected at an industrial area in Changzhou, a big city in the Yangtze Delta region of China. Fourteen heavy metals altogether constituted 2.87% of PM2.5 mass, with Fe, Al and Zn as the major elements. Principal component analysis (PCA) suggested that heavy metals came from four sources: vehicles, industry, crustal dust, mixed coal combustion and industrial process. The daily average concentration of 18 PAHs was 235.29 ng/m3, accounting for 0.21% of PM2.5 mass. The dominant PAHs were high molecular weight ones, contributing 73.5% to the total PAHs. Diagnostic analyses indicated that sources of PAHs included vehicle/coal combustion and petroleum emissions, wherein diesel emission played a more important role than gasoline emission. PCA showed that the largest contributor of PAHs was vehicle exhaust mixed with coal combustion, followed by three industry-related sources. Total concentration of 17 PCDD/Fs varied between 3.14 and 37.07 pg/m3, with an average of 14.58 pg/m3. The 10 PCDFs accounted for 70.5% of total concentration of 17 PCDD/Fs. Health risk assessments showed that the carcinogenic risk of heavy metals was acceptable, while risks from PAHs and PCDD/Fs cannot be ignored. Back trajectory analysis indicated that local/regional transported air masses from northern China was the major source areas of the toxic species.

7.
Food Chem ; 303: 125394, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473455

RESUMO

A simple and effective vesicle based ultrasonic-assisted extraction (UAE) method was developed for extraction of active compounds in functional food. The target analytes were determined by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detector. Surfactant vesicle was adopted as extraction solvent. Different operating conditions including the type and concentration of vesicle, extraction time and solid to liquid ratio were investigated by single-factor experiments and response surface methodology. Optimized experimental conditions were 1% (w/v) of DTAB/SDS vesicle, 20 min of extraction time and 160 mg/mL of solid to liquid ratio. The proposed method provided good linearity in the linear range of 10-1000 µg/mL with regression coefficients larger than 0.999, low limits of detection of 27.64-55.67 ng/mL, good precision with relative standard deviations below 0.35%, and satisfactory recoveries of 83.84-90.92% for tested saponins. Consequently, the proposed vesicle based UAE method was well suited for the extraction of saponins in Panax notoginseng.


Assuntos
Fracionamento Químico/métodos , Panax notoginseng/química , Saponinas/isolamento & purificação , Ultrassom , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Saponinas/análise
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671628

RESUMO

The water industry in every country aims to effectively and efficiently provide water with satisfactory quality in a sustainable and environmentally friendly manner. To this end, it is critical to achieve effective communication among the partners in water supply chain networks. In this paper, we focus on one of the UK's largest water utility companies and its eight main contractors and analyze the factors influencing partner and network communication in a managed programme of their asset supply chain. We employ social network analysis to conduct the cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of partner communication. Factors found to influence the communication network are grouping of projects within the programme, individual's organisational affiliation, status, tenure, elapsed time through the programme lifecycle, and co-location. Our contributions to practice include demonstrating water programme management factors that influence communication and trust and how social network analysis can better inform them about intra- and interorganisational relationships. Moreover, the methodology introduced in this study may be applied to water management in other parts of the world.

9.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 18: 627-637, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689617

RESUMO

Despite surgery and adjuvant therapy, early-stage lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) treatment often fails due to local or metastatic recurrence. However, the mechanism is largely unknown. Here, we report that increased expression levels of miR-134-5p and decreased levels of disabled-2 (DAB2) were significantly correlated with recurrence in stage I LUAD patients. Our data show that miR-134-5p overexpression or DAB2 silencing strongly stimulated LUAD cell metastasis and chemoresistance. In contrast, inhibition of miR-134-5p or overexpression of DAB2 strongly suppressed LUAD cell metastasis and overcame the insensitivity of chemoresistant LUAD cells to chemotherapy. In addition, we demonstrated that DAB2 is a target of miR-134-5p and that miR-134-5p stimulates chemoresistance and metastasis through DAB2 in LUAD. Taken together, these findings suggest that miR-134-5p and its target gene DAB2 have potential as a biomarker for predicting recurrence in stage I LUAD patients. Additionally, miR-134-5p inhibition or DAB2 restoration may be a novel strategy for inhibiting LUAD metastasis and overcoming LUAD cell resistance to chemotherapy.

10.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738544

RESUMO

Organophosphorus insecticides (OPs) have been widely used to control agricultural pests, which has raised concerns about OP residues in crops and the environment. In this study, we investigated the degradation kinetics and pathways of 8 OPs by Cupriavidus nantongensis X1T and identified the enzyme via gene cloning and in vitro assays. The degradation half-life of methyl parathion, triazophos, and phoxim was only 5, 9, and 43 min, respectively. It was 46 fold faster than that of triazophos by Bacillus sp. TAP-1, a well-studied triazophos-degrader. Strain X1T completely degraded not only chlorpyrifos, methyl parathion, parathion, fenitrothion, triazophos, and phoxim at 50 mg/L within 48 h but also the phenolic metabolites. This was the fastest degradation of OPs by bacterial whole cells reported thus far. The OPs were first hydrolyzed by an OP hydrolase encoded by the opdB gene in strain X1T, followed by further degradation of the metabolites. The crude enzyme maintained a full activity.

12.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17646, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776475

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a persistent and chronic disease that is characterized by destructive gastrointestinal (GI) inflammation. Researchers are trying to identify and develop new and more effective treatments with no side effects. Acute and chronic mouse models of IBD were established using dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) solution. To evaluate the efficacy and mechanism, umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) were obtained from Kunming (KM) mice and humans. In the chronic IBD study, the survival rates of the normal control, model, mouse UCMSC (mUCMSC) and human UCMSC (hUCMSC) groups were 100%, 40%, 86.7%, and 100%, respectively. The histopathological scores of the normal control, intraperitoneal injection, intravenous treatment, and model groups were 0.5 ± 0.30, 5.9 ± 1.10, 8.7 ± 1.39, and 8.8 ± 1.33 (p = 0.021). UCMSCs promoted the expression of the intestinal tight junction protein occludin, downregulated the protein expression of the autophagy marker LC3A/B in colon tissue, and upregulated the expression of VEGF-A and VEGFR-1 at the injured site. This study provides an experimental model for elucidating the therapeutic effects of UCMSCs in IBD. We provide a theoretical basis and method for the clinical treatment of IBD using UCMSCs.

13.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-8, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777304

RESUMO

Previous study indicated that co-infusion of cord blood cells may potentially improve the outcome of haploidentical donor (HID) transplantation. In this study, we analyzed the outcomes of patients who underwent HID transplantation supported by cord blood when compared with HLA-matched unrelated donor (URD) transplantation. Starting in 2015, 40 patients with hematopoietic malignancies underwent HID transplantation and 26 patients underwent URD transplantation. Hematopoietic recovery, the incidences of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and chronic GVHD was comparable in the two groups. At two year, the relapse risk in HID group was significantly lower than in URD group (RR 4.630; 95%CI, 1.081-19.839; p = .039). Moreover, HID group have prolonged PFS (RR 2.642; 95%CI, 1.046-6.672; p = .040). In conclusion, HID transplantation supported by cord blood results in better outcomes compared with URD transplantation and it might be a favorable alternative to a HLA-matched URD transplantation.

14.
Neural Netw ; 122: 289-307, 2019 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739268

RESUMO

The learning problem from imbalanced data sets poses a major challenge in data mining community. Although conventional support vector machine can generally show relatively robust performance in dealing with the classification problems of imbalanced data sets, it treats all training samples with the same contribution for learning, which results in the final decision boundary biasing toward the majority class especially in the presence of outliers or noises. In this paper, we propose a new affinity and class probability-based fuzzy support vector machine technique (ACFSVM). The affinity of a majority class sample is calculated according to support vector description domain (SVDD) model trained only by the given majority class training samples in kernel space similar to that used for FSVM learning. The obtained affinity can be used for identifying possible outliers and some border samples existing in the majority class training samples. In order to eliminate the effect of noises, we employ the kernel k-nearest neighbor method to determine the class probability of the majority class samples in the same kernel space as before. The samples with lower class probabilities are more likely to be noises and their contribution for learning seems to be reduced by their low memberships constructed by combining the affinities and the class probabilities. Thus, ACFSVM can pay more attention to the majority class samples with higher affinities and class probabilities while reducing their effects of the ones with lower affinities and class probabilities, eventually skewing the final classification boundary toward the majority class. In addition, the minority class samples are assigned relative high memberships to guarantee their importance for the model learning. The extensive experimental results on the different imbalanced datasets from UCI repository demonstrate that the proposed approach can achieve better generalization performance in terms of G-Mean, F-Measure, and AUC as compared to the other existing imbalanced dataset classification techniques.

15.
Radiology ; : 190878, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769742

RESUMO

Background Use of contrast material-enhanced (CE) US Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) version 2017 has not been validated in large populations where hepatitis B virus (HBV) is endemic. Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic performance of CE US LI-RADS version 2017 in a population with a high prevalence of HBV infection. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, liver nodules in patients with HBV who were evaluated from January 2004 to December 2016 were categorized as CE US LR-1 to LR-5 through LR-M. A subgroup of LR-M nodules was reclassified as LR-5, and additional analysis was performed. The reference standard consisted of histologic evaluation or composite imaging and clinical follow-up findings. Diagnostic performance was assessed with sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value. Results A total of 2020 nodules in 1826 patients (median age, 54 years ± 12 [standard deviation]; 1642 men) were included. Of the 1159 LR-5 lesions, 1141 were hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); three, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas; six, other malignancies; six, atypical hyperplasia; and three, benign lesions. The PPV of LR-5 for HCC was 98% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 98%, 99%). In LR-M nodules, 153 showed arterial phase hyperenhancement, early washout, and absence of punched-out appearance within 5 minutes, and 142 of 153 (93%; 95% CI: 89%, 97%) were HCC. If these nodules were reclassified as LR-5, LR-M specificity and PPV as a predictor of non-HCC malignancy increased from 88% (95% CI: 87%, 89%) and 36% (95% CI: 31%, 41%) to 96% (95% CI: 95%, 97%) and 58% (95% CI: 51%, 65%), respectively (P < .001). Despite reclassification, LR-5 specificity and PPV remained high (94% [95% CI: 92%, 96%] and 98% [95% CI: 97%, 99%], respectively). Conclusion The contrast-enhanced US Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2017 category LR-5 is effectively predictive of the presence of hepatocellular carcinoma. In patients with hepatitis B virus infection, performance may be further improved by reclassification of category LR-M nodules with arterial phase hyperenhancement, early washout, and no punched-out appearance to LR-5. Published under a CC BY 4.0 license. Online supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Sidhu in this issue.

16.
Chemosphere ; 243: 125284, 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759210

RESUMO

In order to recognize organic contaminants responsible for ecological stresses from intensive shipping traffic and dockyard works, this study aimed at characterizing the sediment contamination of a large industrialized port located in Hainan Island, China. Surface sediment samples were collected from 17 stations including the main docks, the dockyards and the major industrial wastewater outlets. Organotin compounds, the pesticide DDT (bis(chlorophenyl)trichloroethane) and its metabolites and polycyclic aromatic compounds were identified as main pollutant groups by GC/MS applying a non-target screening approach. The pesticide DDT and its metabolites were found in the same samples as the organotin derivatives pointing to similar emission sources. The concurrent presence of these compounds in the dockyard samples suggests a combined usage of organotin compounds and DDT as active ingredients in antifouling paints in Yangpu. As highly specific molecular indicators for dockyard activities, butyltin and phenyltin compounds were identified. Noteworthy, also tributylmethyltin and triphenylmethyltin were detected, likely resulting from microbial assisted biomethylation of synthetic organotin compounds in the sediments. The concentrations of PAHs, DDX and TBT in sediments from dockyards exceeded global sediment quality guidelines and the toxicity thresholds, and potentially have adverse biological effects on marine organisms.

18.
J Surg Res ; 2019 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776022

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious medical problem, leading to lifelong disability and increasing the health burden worldwide. Traditional treatments have limited effects on neuronal function recovery. Previous studies showed that neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) promoted oligodendrocyte survival and improved neuronal functional recovery after SCI. However, the mechanism by which NT-3 promotes oligodendrocyte survival after SCI remains unclear, which limits its application. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 75 female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: the NS group, NT-3 group, and NT-3 + rapamycin group. After successful modeling, the spinal cord specimens were taken at the corresponding time points. Western blot was used to detect autophagy-related proteins and Olig1 protein expression and combined with pathology, immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, and other methods to detect the proliferation of oligodendrocytes after NT-3 application. RESULTS: NT-3 was found to significantly promote the recovery of motor function by Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan scores analysis in the rat SCI model. Furthermore, intraspinal administration of NT-3 could downregulate the expression of Beclin-1 in oligodendrocytes, indicating that NT-3 could inhibit excessive autophagy of oligodendrocytes after SCI. The effects of NT-3 on oligodendrocyte survival could be blocked by an autophagy activator rapamycin. CONCLUSIONS: This study found that NT-3 could promote the recovery of motor function after SCI in rats. The underlying reason may be that NT-3 inhibits the expression of autophagy proteins in oligodendrocytes and promotes oligodendrocyte proliferation. This study provided evidence for the future clinical application of NT-3 in SCI patients.

19.
J Environ Manage ; 254: 109810, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698300

RESUMO

In order to predict the effects of climate change on the global carbon cycle, it is crucial to understand the environmental factors that affect soil carbon storage in grasslands. In the present study, we attempted to explain the relationships between the distribution of soil carbon storage with climate, soil types, soil properties and topographical factors across different types of grasslands with different grazing regimes. We measured soil organic carbon in 92 locations at different soil depth increments, from 0 to 100 cm in southwestern China. Among soil types, brown earth soils (Luvisols) had the highest carbon storage with 19.5 ±â€¯2.5 kg m-2, while chernozem soils had the lowest with 6.8 ±â€¯1.2 kg m-2. Mean annual temperature and precipitation, exerted a significant, but, contrasting effects on soil carbon storage. Soil carbon storage increased as mean annual temperature decreased and as mean annual precipitation increased. Across different grassland types, the mean carbon storage for the top 100 cm varied from 7.6 ±â€¯1.3 kg m-2 for temperate desert to 17.3 ±â€¯2.9 kg m-2 for alpine meadow. Grazing/cutting regimes significantly affected soil carbon storage with lowest value (7.9 ±â€¯1.5 kg m-2) recorded for cutting grass, while seasonal (11.4 ±â€¯1.3 kg m-2) and year-long (12.2 ±â€¯1.9 kg m-2) grazing increased carbon storage. The highest carbon storage was found in the completely ungrazed areas (16.7 ±â€¯2.9 kg m-2). Climatic factors, along with soil types and topographical factors, controlled soil carbon density along a soil depth in grasslands. Environmental factors alone explained about 60% of the total variation in soil carbon storage. The actual depth-wise distribution of soil carbon contents was significantly influenced by the grazing intensity and topographical factors. Overall, policy-makers should focus on reducing the grazing intensity and land conversion for the sustainable management of grasslands and C sequestration.

20.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1538, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many individuals aspire to attain various goals in life, such as committing to a healthful diet to slim down or saving for retirement to enhance future welfare. While these behaviors (weight loss and saving) share the common denominator of self-regulation, it is unclear whether success in one domain is related to the other. Therefore, we examined the relationship between long term weight loss (LTWL) success and monetary savings among U.S. adults who at one point in life diverged from normal weight status. METHODS: Data on 1994 adults with a maximum BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 and with an annual household income equal or less than 200% poverty level. Data were derived from a U.S. population-based study (NHANES). The independent variable was LTWL success (loss maintained for at least 1 year), which was operationalized as < 10% (reference group), 10.00-19.99%, and ≥ 20.00%. The dependent variable was monetary savings (e.g., 401 K), defined as a 3-category ordinal variable. We employed ordered logistic regression to estimate the relationship between LTWL success and increased odds for higher overall savings. RESULTS: Multivariable analysis revealed that adjusting for income, education and other covariates, being in the highest LTWL category (≥20.00%) significantly reduced the likelihood of monetary savings in comparison to the reference group (OR = 0.55, 95%CI = 0.34-0.91). This relationship was not observed in the lower LTWL category (10.00-19.99%). CONCLUSIONS: Adults who in the past were overweight or obese and who presently exhibit high levels of LTWL, were markedly less successful when it came to their finances. This might stem from significant cognitive-affective resources exerted during the weight loss process coupled with a paucity of financial resources which impede financial decision making. This supposition, however, warrants future research.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA