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1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(3): 2974-2991, 2020 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039833

RESUMO

The lncRNA tumor suppressor candidate 8 (TUSC8) plays a critical role in the development of several cancers. However, the biological functions and underlying molecular mechanisms of TUSC8 with respect to breast cancer remain largely unclear. Here, we found that TUSC8 was significantly down-regulated in breast cancer tissues and its high expression predicted better prognosis of breast cancer patients. Functionally, knock-down of TUSC8 drastically promoted the proliferation, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells in vitro and facilitated tumorigenicity and metastasis in vivo. Mechanistically, the results of luciferase reporter, RIP and RNA pull-down assays proved that TUSC8 functioned as molecular sponge for miR-190b-5p. Furthermore, we showed that TUSC8 served as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) of myosin regulatory light chain interacting protein (MYLIP) through competitively binding with miR-190b-5p and suppressed breast cancer metastasis through regulating the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related markers. Clinically, the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analyses revealed that the combination usage of TUSC8 and MYLIP might become novel promising diagnostic biomarkers for breast cancer. Taken together, these results suggested that TUSC8 inhibited breast cancer growth and metastasis via miR-190b-5p/MYLIP axis, providing us new insights into developing potential therapeutic targets for breast cancer patients.

2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(5): 5767-5774, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922385

RESUMO

Lithium metal is among the most promising anode candidates of high-energy-density batteries. However, the formed dendrites result in low Coulombic efficiency and serious security issues. Designing lithiophilic sites is one of the effective strategies to control Li deposition. Herein, we propose a three-dimensional lithiophilic N-rich carbon nanofiber with the decoration of ZnO granules as a protective layer for a dendrite-free lithium metal anode. Theoretical evaluation indicates the synergistic effects of lithiophilic ZnO and N-containing functional groups enhance lithium adsorption and trigger uniform deposition. With the lithiophilic interlayer, the lithium deposition overpotential is only ∼20, 50, and 74 mV at 1, 3, and 6 mA cm-2, respectively, which are much lower than those without the functional interlayer (∼55, 130, and 238 mV). The average Coulombic efficiency of lithium stripping and plating is up to ∼97.4% (94.0% for that without the interlayer) at 0.5 mA cm-2. Meanwhile, the Li|LiFePO4 full cell with the superlithiophilic interlayer demonstrates a high capacity retention rate of 99.6% (91.0% for that without the interlayer) over 200 cycles at 1 C. The introduction of the lithiophilic interphase could provide a convenient strategy and guidance to design the configuration for the practical application of Li metal batteries.

3.
MAGMA ; 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845302

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To measure the testicular volume and testicular fat deposition of middle-aged overweight men and to assess the utility of testicular fat deposition and testicular volume in determining and monitoring testicular infertility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pelvic MRI with thin slice T2WI, T1WI and mDIXON Quant was performed on 30 middle-aged overweight patients in the treatment group and 30 middle-aged overweight men in the control group. Testicular volume and testicular fat deposition were measured separately based on thin slice T2WI and the fat fraction (FF) map of mDIXON Quant, and the testicular fat deposition observed with T1WI was used as a reference for qualitative diagnosis. Testicular volume and testicular fat deposition in middle-aged overweight individuals were compared using a t test with Bonferroni correction and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: The testicular volumes (10.6-17.9 cm3) of individuals in the treatment group were smaller than those (12.6-19.0 cm3) of individuals in the control group (p < 0.05), and the average FF value (2.2-4.6%) of the testes in the treatment group was higher than that (1.5-3.1%) in the control group (p < 0.05). The ROC analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of testicular fat deposition (0.899) was higher than that of testicular volume (0.777), and biopsy and sperm count were used as references to diagnose infertility. The diagnostic sensitivity (90.00%) of testicular fat deposition of the mDIXON Quant sequence was higher than that (50.00%) of the T1W sequence (p < 0.05). Testicular fat deposition was decreased after 6 months of active treatment with exercise weight loss and drug treatment, and no significant change in testicular volume was observed 6 months later. CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that the proton density fat fraction (mDIXON Quant sequence in this study) approach is a novel tool for the quantitative and objective evaluation of testicular fat deposition. Testicular fat deposition measurement is more specific than testicular volume measurement in the diagnosis of male infertility, and the mDIXON Quant is more sensitive than T1WI in the diagnosis of testicular fat deposition. Furthermore, our findings may facilitate a more accurate diagnosis and monitoring of testicular infertility, therapeutic effect, and prognosis by measuring testicular fat deposition.

4.
Lasers Surg Med ; 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), a precancerous lesion, is difficult to treat by excision or ablation due to high recurrence rates. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a minimally invasive therapeutic procedure and is now widely used to treat non-melanoma skin diseases. However, the clinical response rates of VIN to single PDT are unstable. The reason may be the limited light penetration into deep tissues. OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively evaluate the clinical response and recurrence of VIN after combined treatment with superficial shaving and PDT. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients with VIN were enrolled. All patients had multifocal high-grade VIN that had failed to respond to various therapies. Superficial shaving was performed only once and prior to the first 5-aminolaevulinic acid (5-ALA)-PDT cycle. Generally, the procedure of 5-ALA PDT for each patient was performed in three sessions. Clinical response, recurrence, cosmetic outcomes, adverse events, patient satisfaction, quality of life, and mental health were assessed. The expression of p16 and Ki-67 in pre- and post-treatment tissue was detected. RESULTS: A clinical response of 94% was observed in 17 patients, who were administered combination therapy, over an observation period of 12 months. Approximately, 71% of patients had excellent cosmetic outcomes. All patients had satisfactory therapeutic effects and significant improvements in quality of life and mental health. Downregulation of p16 and Ki-67 may have been correlated with recurrence after 5-ALA-PDT. CONCLUSION: Combined treatment with superficial shaving and 5-ALA-PDT is a safe and effective option for VIN. In particular, combination therapy is recommended for patients with large, multifocal, high-grade lesions; repeated recurrence; and strong willingness to maintain vulvar configuration and function. Lasers Surg. Med. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

5.
Anal Chem ; 91(21): 14133-14140, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566968

RESUMO

Circulating tumor cell (CTC) analysis has been approved for cancer diagnosis and monitoring. However, efficient sorting and high-through phenotypic counting of CTCs from peripheral blood is still a challenge. In this manuscript, we propose an optofluidic flow cytometer (OFCM), which integrates a multistage microfluidic chip and a four-color fluorescence detection system. The OFCM can automatically complete CTC separation, 3D focusing in the microchannel, single-cell phenotypic analysis, and counting at 1.2 mL of whole blood/hour. A high recovery greater than 95% was obtained. Using the OFCM, we analyzed the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) phenotype of CTCs in patients with breast cancer and patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer, which proved that the OFCM is adaptable for phenotypic counting of various CTCs based on the fluorescence labeling of varied biomarkers. We believe that this OFCM will provide a convenient and efficient device for clinical liquid biopsy of tumors.

6.
Nature ; 574(7777): 249-253, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578523

RESUMO

The integrity of the mammalian epidermis depends on a balance of proliferation and differentiation in the resident population of stem cells1. The kinase RIPK4 and the transcription factor IRF6 are mutated in severe developmental syndromes in humans, and mice lacking these genes display epidermal hyperproliferation and soft-tissue fusions that result in neonatal lethality2-5. Our understanding of how these genes control epidermal differentiation is incomplete. Here we show that the role of RIPK4 in mouse development requires its kinase activity; that RIPK4 and IRF6 expressed in the epidermis regulate the same biological processes; and that the phosphorylation of IRF6 at Ser413 and Ser424 primes IRF6 for activation. Using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), histone chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing (ChIP-seq) and assay for transposase-accessible chromatin using sequencing (ATAC-seq) of skin in wild-type and IRF6-deficient mouse embryos, we define the transcriptional programs that are regulated by IRF6 during epidermal differentiation. IRF6 was enriched at bivalent promoters, and IRF6 deficiency caused defective expression of genes that are involved in the metabolism of lipids and the formation of tight junctions. Accordingly, the lipid composition of the stratum corneum of Irf6-/- skin was abnormal, culminating in a severe defect in the function of the epidermal barrier. Collectively, our results explain how RIPK4 and IRF6 function to ensure the integrity of the epidermis and provide mechanistic insights into why developmental syndromes that are characterized by orofacial, skin and genital abnormalities result when this axis goes awry.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Células Epidérmicas/citologia , Epiderme/fisiologia , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Animais , Fenda Labial/genética , Fissura Palatina/genética , Cistos/genética , Embrião de Mamíferos/citologia , Embrião de Mamíferos/embriologia , Embrião de Mamíferos/metabolismo , Células Epidérmicas/metabolismo , Epiderme/embriologia , Anormalidades do Olho/genética , Feminino , Dedos/anormalidades , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/deficiência , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Joelho/anormalidades , Articulação do Joelho/anormalidades , Lábio/anormalidades , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Deformidades Congênitas das Extremidades Inferiores/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fosforilação , Fosfosserina/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Sindactilia/genética , Anormalidades Urogenitais/genética
7.
Biointerphases ; 14(5): 051008, 2019 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615215

RESUMO

Ti-6Al-4V alloy, as a widely used orthopedic and dental implant, has excellent biocompatibility and machinability. However, its poor corrosion resistance and antibacterial property may lead to tissue inflammation and postoperative infection, which hinders its further development. In this paper, to solve the above problems, copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) ions were coimplanted into a titanium nitride (TiN) coated Ti-6Al-4V alloy via a plasma immersion ion implantation system (PIII). Then, the structure and composition of Cu/Zn coimplanted TiN (Cu/Zn-TiN-PIII) were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Also, the results of the corrosion test, the water contact angles test, and the protein electrophoresis experiment showed that the corrosion resistance, hydrophilicity, and the protein adsorption capacity of Cu/Zn-TiN-PIII were improved simultaneously. In addition, compared with TiN-PIII, Cu/Zn-TiN-PIII promoted both cytocompatibility and the antibacterial property according to L929 cells and Escherichia coli assays in vitro. Therefore, Cu/Zn-TiN-PIII may be a good candidate for orthopedic implants.

8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(70): 10404-10407, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402361

RESUMO

We established an efficient method for single-cell miRNA analysis by droplet microfluidics, which has high sensitivity of single molecule detection and high throughput. Single-cell analysis of multiple miRNAs in various cells shows that miRNA expression is closely related to cancer type. CTC analysis shows that the method is applicable for rare cell analysis.


Assuntos
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Análise de Célula Única , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fluorescência , Humanos , Limite de Detecção
9.
Front Oncol ; 9: 552, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31293979

RESUMO

Background: Conventional methods for predicting treatment response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) are limited. Methods: This study retrospectively recruited 134 LARC patients who underwent standard nCRT followed by total mesorectal excision surgery in our institution. Based on pre-operative axial T2-weighted images, machine learning radiomics was performed. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was performed to test the efficiencies of the predictive model. Results: Among the 134 patients, 32 (23.9%) achieved pathological complete response (pCR), 69 (51.5%) achieved a good response, and 91 (67.9%) achieved down-staging. For prediction of pCR, good-response, and down-staging, the predictive model demonstrated high classification efficiencies, with an AUC value of 0.91 (95% CI: 0.83-0.98), 0.90 (95% CI: 0.83-0.97), and 0.93 (95% CI: 0.87-0.98), respectively. Conclusion: Our machine learning radiomics model showed promise for predicting response to nCRT in patients with LARC. Our predictive model based on the commonly used T2-weighted images on pelvic Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans has the potential to be adapted in clinical practice. Novelty and Impact Statements: Methods for predicting the response of the locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC, T3-4, or N+) to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) is lacking. In the present study, we developed a new machine learning radiomics method based on T2-weighted images. As a non-invasive tool, this method facilitates prediction performance effectively. It achieves a satisfactory overall diagnostic accuracy for predicting of pCR, good response, and down-staging show an AUC of 0.908, 0.902, and 0.930 in LARC patients, respectively.

10.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(3): 2167-2176, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322216

RESUMO

Chronic hypoxia is one of the most common causes of secondary pulmonary hypertension, the mechanisms of which remain unclear. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNAs that inhibit the translation or accelerate the degradation of mRNA. Previous studies have demonstrated that deregulated miRNA expression contributes to various cellular processes including cell apoptosis and proliferation, which are mediated by hypoxia. In the present study, the expression of miR­98 was identified to be decreased in the lung tissue of a hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (HPH) rat model and pulmonary artery (PA) smooth muscle cells (PASMCs), which was induced by hypoxia. By transfecting miR­98 mimics into PASMCs, the high expression of miR­98 inhibited cell proliferation, but upregulated hypoxia­induced PASMCs apoptosis. However, these effects of miR­98 mimics on PASMCs were reversed by ALK1 (activin receptor­like kinase­1) overexpression. ALK1 was identified as a candidate target of miR­98. In addition, overexpressing miR­98 markedly decreased the pulmonary artery wall thickness and the right ventricular systolic pressure in rats induced by hypoxia. These results provided clear evidence that miR­98 was a direct regulator of ALK1, and that the downregulation of miR­98 contributed to the pathogenesis of HPH. These results provide a novel potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of HPH.


Assuntos
Receptores de Ativinas/genética , Hipertensão Pulmonar/genética , Hipóxia/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Animais , Regulação para Baixo , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Hipertensão Pulmonar/patologia , Hipóxia/complicações , Hipóxia/patologia , Masculino , Ratos Wistar , Regulação para Cima
11.
Immunity ; 51(1): 119-130.e5, 2019 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31231034

RESUMO

Tissue-resident macrophages require specific milieus for the maintenance of defining gene-expression programs. Expression of the transcription factor GATA6 is required for the homeostasis, function and localization of peritoneal cavity-resident macrophages. Gata6 expression is maintained in a non-cell autonomous manner and is elicited by the vitamin A metabolite, retinoic acid. Here, we found that the GATA6 transcriptional program is a common feature of macrophages residing in all visceral body cavities. Retinoic acid-dependent and -independent hallmark genes of GATA6+ macrophages were induced by mesothelial and fibroblastic stromal cells that express the transcription factor Wilms' Tumor 1 (WT1), which drives the expression of two rate-limiting enzymes in retinol metabolism. Depletion of Wt1+ stromal cells reduced the frequency of GATA6+ macrophages in the peritoneal, pleural and pericardial cavities. Thus, Wt1+ mesothelial and fibroblastic stromal cells constitute essential niche components supporting the tissue-specifying transcriptional landscape and homeostasis of cavity-resident macrophages.


Assuntos
Fator de Transcrição GATA6/metabolismo , Macrófagos/fisiologia , Pericárdio/imunologia , Cavidade Peritoneal/fisiologia , Cavidade Pleural/imunologia , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Células Estromais/fisiologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Fator de Transcrição GATA6/genética , Homeostase , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Tretinoína/metabolismo
12.
Ital J Pediatr ; 45(1): 61, 2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088519

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) is one of the most common causes of community-acquired pneumonia in children. Recent studies demonstrated that the incidence of severe or fatal M. pneumoniae was gradually increasing, which may be related to the excessive inflammation. However, the exact pathogenesis of excessive inflammation in Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia(MPP) is still unclear. This study aimed to reveal the role of miR-29c/B7-H3/Th17 axis in children with MPP. METHODS: Children hospitalized in Respiratory Department during Jan. 2014 to Dec. 2015 were enrolled. All children enrolled was confirmed with MP infection using real-time PCR and ELISA. Children were excluded if they were co-infected with other pathogens. A total of 52 children with MPP and 26 controls were enrolled. miR-29c expression in monocytes of children with MPP was determined by real-time PCR and soluble B7-H3 (sB7-H3) and IL-17 were determined by ELISA, and explore their clinical significance. miR-29c overexpression and silencing technology and luciferase reporter assay were performed to confirm whether B7-H3 is the direct target of miR-29c. The levels of transcription factor ROR-γt in CD4+ T cells and cytokine IL-17A in supernatant were detected after stimulated by different concentrations of B7-H3 fusion protein in vitro. RESULTS: Of all 52 children with MPP, the mean age of the children were 77 ± 33 months, and 23 cases were male accounting for 44.2%. Nineteen cases had pleural effusion accounting for 36.5%. Children with MPP had significantly lower level of miR-29c and higher level of sB7-H3 and IL-17 compared to controls (both P < 0.05). The level of miR-29c significantly increased during convalescent phase compared to that of acute phase while sB7-H3 and IL-17 significantly decreased during convalescent phase (both P < 0.05). There was a positive correlation between the level of sB7-H3 and IL-17 in children with MPP during acute-stage (r = 0.361,P = 0.009). Children with MPP combined with pleural effusion had significantly higher level of sB7-H3 compared to those without pleural effusion (9952.3 ± 3065.3 vs. 7449.7 ± 2231.5, pg/ml), and the levels of sB7-H3 was positively correlated with the number of days of fever. The level of miR-29c was negatively correlated with M. pneumoniae specific IgG, IgM level. High concentrations of B7-H3(15µg/ml) could enhance ROR-γt expression and increase IL-17A. Functional studies based on luciferase reporter assay and immunofluorescence staining suggested that B7-H3 is the direct target of miR-29c, and miR-29c silencing or overexpression could up- or down-regulate the expression of B7-H3 in THP-1 cells. CONCLUSIONS: The axis of miR-29c/B7-H3/Th17 plays a vital role in children with MPP through excessive inflammation. miR-29c and B7-H3 may be the new target for the prevention and treatment of MPP, and may be the novel and potential biomarkers for the assessment of prognosis.


Assuntos
Antígenos B7/metabolismo , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Pré-Escolar , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/etiologia
13.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 6(9): 1801885, 2019 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31065520

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to improve the overall prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); therefore, new therapeutic methods that can be used in vivo are urgently needed. In this study, the relationship between the quantities of microRNA (miR)-125b-5p in clinical specimens and clinicopathological parameters is analyzed. A folate-conjugated nanocarrier is used to transfect miR-125b-5p in vivo and to observe the therapeutic effect on HCC. The inhibitory effect and mechanism of miR-125b-5p on hepatoma cells are also studied. Data from clinical specimens and in vitro experiments confirm that the miR-125b-5p quantity is negatively correlated with progression, and the target protein that regulates the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)/cancer stem cells (CSC) potential in HCC is STAT3. The miR-125b-5p/STAT3 axis inhibits the invasion, migration, and growth of HCC via inactivation of the wnt/ß-Catenin pathway. miR-125b-5p-loaded nanomedicine effectively inhibits the EMT/CSC potential of hepatoma cells in vivo together with their magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) visualization characteristics. An HCC-therapeutic and MRI-visible nanomedicine platform that achieves noninvasive treatment effect monitoring and timely individualized treatment course adjustment is developed.

14.
Cell Death Differ ; 26(11): 2416-2429, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30824837

RESUMO

Emerging research suggests that multiple tumor compartments can influence treatment responsiveness and relapse, yet the search for therapeutic resistance mechanisms remains largely focused on acquired genomic alterations in cancer cells. Here we show how treatment-induced changes occur in multiple tumor compartments during tumor relapse and can reduce benefit of follow-on therapies. By using serial biopsies, next-generation sequencing, and single-cell transcriptomics, we tracked the evolution of multiple cellular compartments within individual lesions during first-line treatment response, relapse, and second-line therapeutic interventions in an autochthonous model of melanoma. We discovered that although treatment-relapsed tumors remained genetically stable, they converged on a shared resistance phenotype characterized by dramatic changes in tumor cell differentiation state, immune infiltration, and extracellular matrix (ECM) composition. Similar alterations in tumor cell differentiation were also observed in more than half of our treatment-relapsed patient tumors. Tumor cell-state changes were coincident with ECM remodeling and increased tumor stiffness, which alone was sufficient to alter tumor cell fate and reduce treatment responses in melanoma cell lines in vitro. Despite the absence of acquired mutations in the targeted pathway, resistant tumors showed significantly decreased responsiveness to second-line therapy intervention within the same pathway. The ability to preclinically model relapse and refractory settings-while capturing dynamics within and crosstalk between all relevant tumor compartments-provides a unique opportunity to better design and sequence appropriate clinical interventions.

15.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(1): 25-30, 2019 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30773858

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of moxibustion on cardiac function and the expression of autophagy-related proteins microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) and selective autophagy receptor signaling adaptor sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1/p62) in rats with chronic heart failure (CHF), so as to explore its underlying mechanisms in preventing and treating CHF. METHODS: Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into normal, model, moxibustion, autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) and autophagy agonist rapamycin (RAPA) groups (n=12 rats/group). The CHF model was established by intrape-ritoneal injection of adriamycin (ADR, 2 mg/kg, once every week for 12 weeks). Mild moxibustion was applied to bilateral "Feishu" (BL13) and "Xinshu" (BL15) for 20 min every time. Rats of the 3-MA group were treated by intraperitoneal injection of 3-MA suspension (15 mg/kg), and those of the RAPA group treated by gavage of RAPA suspension (2 mg/kg). All the treatments were given once a day for 3 weeks. The heart rate (HR), cardiac output (CO), left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and maximum rising and lowering rates of left ventricular pressure (±dp/dtmax) were measured for assessing the cardiac performance. Histopathological changes of the left ventricular myocardium were observed by HE staining. The expression levels of LC3-Ⅰ, LC3-Ⅱ and p62 proteins of the left ventricle myocardium tissue were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: After modeling, the pathological changes of myocardium (as myocardial cell swelling with vacuoles, myocardial fibre breakage, etc.) were obvious, and the HR, LVEDP, LC3-Ⅱ and LC3-Ⅱ/Ⅰ protein expression levels were significantly increased in the model group compared with the normal group (P<0.01), while the CO, LVSP, ±dp/dtmax, and the expression of p62 protein were significantly down-regulated (P<0.01). Following the interventions, the myocardial injury was reduced, the HR, LVEDP, LC3-Ⅱ and LC3-Ⅱ/Ⅰ levels in both moxibustion and 3-MA groups were significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), while the CO, LVSP, ±dp/dtmax and p62 expression level were significantly increased relevant to the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). In addition, the ratio of LC3-Ⅱ/Ⅰ was significantly increased, and the expression level of p62 significantly down-regulated in the RAPA group compared with the model group (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion can improve cardiac function in CHF rats, which may be related to its effects in down-regulating the ratio of LC3-Ⅱ/Ⅰ and up-regulating the expression of p62 protein to inhibit cardiomyocyte autophagy.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Moxibustão , Animais , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia , Masculino , Miócitos Cardíacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
16.
Exp Dermatol ; 28(3): 240-246, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30632650

RESUMO

Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a frequent disorder with recurrent itchy wheals and/or angioedema, and nearly 35% patients respond poorly to non-sedating H1 antihistamine treatment. CRP gene encodes the C-reactive protein, which is involved in the pathogenesis of CSU. To investigate the impacts of CRP polymorphisms on the susceptibility and therapeutic efficacy in the South Han CSU patients, we enrolled 145 CSU patients in our study. After 4-week non-sedating H1 antihistamine monotherapy treatment, more than 50% reduction of the severity score is considered as effective, or else non-effective. The CRP rs3093059T/C and rs2794521G/A genotypes of patients were determined by Sequenom MassARRAY. Functional studies including relative luciferase assay and ß-hexosaminidase assay were conducted in HEK293T cells or RBL-2H3 cells to explore the function of variants. Forty (62.50%) CSU patients were effective when treated with mizolastine, and 55 (72.4%) patients were effective in the desloratadine group. We found that the patients carried with rs3093059TT genotype were significantly associated with good response (OR = 4.20, P = 0.015), had lower serum CRP, IL-6 and TNF-α levels than the CT/CC genotypes. In vitro, the rs3093059C allele exhibited significantly higher luciferase activity than wild allele (P < 0.001). From the ß-hexosaminidase assay, we observed the inhibiting degranulation effects by mizolastine and this effect is weakened when with a higher dose CRP in RBL-2H3 cells. Our findings suggested that CSU patients carrying the rs3093059C allele may respond poorly to mizolastine with elevated serum CRP level.

17.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 129: 132-138, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30690177

RESUMO

The redox balance in cellular mitochondria is closely related to the physiological and pathological processes of the body. When exposed to external stimuli, the redox state in cells changes dynamically, and presents cell heterogeneity, which creates a need for techniques that can make dynamic and reversible visual analysis of redox in mitochondria at single-cell level. Here we describe a method for single-cell redox analysis based on a microfluidic device combing with a reversible fluorescent probe (Cy-O-ebselen), that enables online culture, labelling and dynamic fluorescent imaging analysis of mitochondrial redox (H2O2/GSH) change. Using this method, we further explored the dynamic changes of mitochondrial redox state after thermal stimulation or combined thermal-drug stimulation, and analysed the heterogeneous response of cells to external stimuli at the single cell level.


Assuntos
Glutationa/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Imagem Óptica/instrumentação , Análise de Célula Única/instrumentação , Azóis/química , Azóis/metabolismo , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Compostos Organosselênicos/química , Compostos Organosselênicos/metabolismo , Oxirredução
18.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 44(4): 1528-1534, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30467722

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to quantitatively assess fat deposition in the testis and epididymis by measuring the fat/water signal ratios with mDIXON Quant and to investigate its correlation with age and ejaculation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Routine pelvic magnetic resonance imaging and mDIXON Quant were performed on 120 subjects. The fat/water signal ratios of the testis and epididymis were measured based on the fat/water signal intensity on mDIXON Quant. RESULTS: The fat/water signal ratio values of the testis and epididymis in the early adulthood group (0.952-3.550%, p < 0.05, and 5.182-12.725%, p < 0.05, respectively) were significantly higher than those in the late childhood group (0.611-2.198% and 1.310-4.520%) and in the youth group (0.659-2.360% and 1.568-4.469%), and they were lower than those in the middle adulthood group (1.538-4.249%, p < 0.05, and 5.830-19.002%, p < 0.05). The fat deposition decreased in the testis of the youth group, who ejaculated more than ten times per month (0.750-2.022%, p < 0.05), and the fat/water signal ratios of the epididymis decreased in one subject in the early adulthood group who had three ejaculations within 12 h. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study suggest that mDIXON Quant may be useful as a noninvasive, quantitative, and objective method for evaluating the fat deposition of the testis and epididymis. This method can provide guidance for fat deposition in the testis and epididymis in different age groups with varying ejaculation experiences. Additionally, our findings may facilitate more accurate diagnosis and monitoring of the reproductive function of the testis and epididymis by quantitatively measuring their fat deposition with age.

19.
J Proteome Res ; 18(3): 1264-1277, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30525646

RESUMO

Lupus nephritis (LN) is a severe clinical manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Assessment of severity and activity of renal involvement in SLE requires a kidney biopsy, an invasive procedure with limited prognostic value. Noninvasive biomarkers are needed to inform treatment decisions and to monitor disease activity. Proteinuria is associated with disease progression in LN; however, the composition of the LN urinary proteome remains incompletely characterized. To address this, we profiled LN urine samples using complementary mass spectrometry-based methods:  protein gel fractionation, chemical labeling using tandem mass tags, and data-independent acquisition. Combining results from these approaches yielded quantitative information on 2573 unique proteins in urine from LN patients. A multiple-reaction monitoring (MRM) method was established to confirm eight proteins in an independent cohort of LN patients, and seven proteins (transferrin, α-2-macroglobulin, haptoglobin, afamin, α-1-antitrypsin, vimentin, and ceruloplasmin) were confirmed to be elevated in LN urine compared to healthy controls. In this study, we demonstrate that deep mass spectrometry profiling of a small number of patient samples can identify high-quality biomarkers that replicate in an independent LN disease cohort. These biomarkers are being used to inform clinical biomarker strategies to support longitudinal and interventional studies focused on evaluating disease progression and treatment efficacy of novel LN therapeutics.

20.
J Wound Care ; 27(11): 780-789, 2018 11 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30398933

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of high haem oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression on oxidative injury and the biological behaviours of rat dermal fibroblasts, under high glucose conditions. METHOD: Rat dermal fibroblasts were cultured in normal glucose (1.0g/l), high glucose (4.5g/l) or haemin (5µm). A bilirubin kit, real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting measured the protease activity, mRNA, and protein levels of HO-1, respectively. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit measured media levels of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), reactive oxygen species (ROS) and collagen (hydroxyproline) secretion. Cell proliferation was measured using flow cytometry. Cell apoptosis was measured using Hoechst 33258 staining and flow cytometry. The transwell method and scratch test evaluated cell migration. RESULTS: HO-1 expression exhibited a time-dependent change that was lowest in the high glucose (HG) group at 96 hours compared with the normal glucose (NG) group. In the HG group, the 8-OHdG, ROS and cell apoptosis were increased, and collagen secretion, cell proliferation and cell migration (horizontal and vertical) were decreased compared with the NG group at 96 hours. Haemin treatment sustained high HO-1 expression for at least 96 hours, and the cells exhibited decreased 8-OHdG and ROS, increased collagen synthesis, improved proliferation and migration ability, and decreased apoptosis in the NG and haemin (NH) group/HG and haemin (HH) group compared with the NG/HG groups. These cells recovered from oxidative injury and biological behaviours dysfunction. CONCLUSION: Haemin induces HO-1 expression in fibroblasts and it may influence the oxidative injury and biological behaviours of fibroblasts. These findings suggest that HO-1 may accelerate the healing of diabetic wounds via alleviation of oxidative injury and improvement of biological behaviours of fibroblasts.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Células Cultivadas/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Modelos Animais , Ratos
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