Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 37
Filtrar
1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(undefined)2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623972

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To measure white and gray matter volume (WMV, GMV) in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) using voxel-based morphometry (VBM). MATERIAL: Eighteen patients (9 men, 9 women) with nAMD and 18 (9 men, 9 women) healthy controls (HCs) aligned were recruited. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and VBM of three-dimensional T1 brain images were analyzed. And we also apply t-tests to look for GMV and WMV differences between groups. Correlation analysis was utilized to probe the connection between observational GMV and WMV values of diverse brain areas and the severity of HADS (hospital anxiety and depression scale). Also, distinctions between nAMD and HCs in GMV can be presented with the help of a ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curve. RESULTS: Compared with HCs, GMV values were significantly lower in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration in the right inferior frontal gyrus, temporal pole of left superior temporal gyrus, left superior temporal gyrus, left middle frontal gyrus, left anterior cingulate and para cingulate gyrus. While WMV was slightly increased in these areas. HADS (hospital anxiety and depression scale) scores portrayed a non-linear correlation with the GMV value of the right inferior frontal gyrus, left middle frontal gyrus, left anterior cingulate and paracingulate gyrus of the nAMD group (r=-0.6629, P=0.0027)(r=-0.9451, P<0.0001)(r=-0.6183, P=0.0062). Moreover, the ROC curve analysis of the mean VBM values for altered brain regions indicated high diagnostic accuracy. CONCLUSION: These results indicated that patients with nAMD have abnormal GMV and WMV and formed a basis for future research on pathological mechanisms in this disease. Moreover, decreased gray matter volume in particular brain regions might be associated with choroidal neovascularization and abnormal HADS score. It might help to explain the pathological mechanism of anxiety and depression in patients with nAMD.

2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4157-4166, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467728

RESUMO

This article aims to establish the fingerprints, determine the hemostatic pharmacodynamic indicators, and explore the spectrum-effect relationship of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma in 12 different specifications. Firstly, HPLC and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS) were employed to establish the fingerprints of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. The rat plasma recalcification experiment and the rat gastric bleeding experiment were conducted to determine the pharmacodynamic indicators, including plasma recalcification time(PRT), thrombin time(TT), prothrombin time(PT), and activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT). Afterwards, the partial least squares method was employed to explore the spectrum-effect relationship of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma in different specifications. Twenty-six common peaks were detected in the HPLC fingerprints of different specifications of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, and 11 out of the 26 common peaks represented saponins. The content of dencichine was determined by LC-MS. The rat experiments showed that the pharmacodynamic indicators were significantly different among different specifications of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. The spectrum-effect relationship was explored between 27 common components and pharmacodynamic indicators. Among them, 16 components had positive effects on the pharmacodynamic indicators of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, and 11 exerted negative effects. This study provides a basis for the precision medication and quality control of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hemostáticos , Saponinas , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Controle de Qualidade , Ratos , Rizoma
3.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(17): 21659-21670, 2021 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516404

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes of amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) in brain regions of patients with hypertensive retinopathy by using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) and change in the relationship of ALFF value with potential emotional and psychological changes. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with hypertensive retinopathy (HR) (16 men and 15 women) and 31 healthy controls (HCs; 16 men and 15 women) matched for age, sex, and weight were enrolled in the research. The changes in mean ALFF values could reflect brain activity between HR patients and HCs. We used the independent samples t-test to evaluate different demographic and general information between the two groups. Two-sample t-test was used to detect differences of mean ALFF values in the brain region between the two groups using the same software. RESULTS: The ALFF values in the brain areas of HR and HCs were different. HR patients had lower ALFF value in the left medial superior frontal gyrus and left middle frontal gyrus than the HCs. The higher ALFF values were found in the cerebellum (left inferior and right superior lobes, vermis) and left inferior temporal gyrus of the HR patients than the controls. CONCLUSION: Our findings showed fluctuations in ALFF values in the HR patients' brain regions. ALFF values reflect over or reduced activity in brain regions. Abnormal ALFF values in these brain areas can predict early HR development, preventing the malignant transformation of hypertensive microangiopathy.

4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4736-4743, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581083

RESUMO

This study aims to establish the high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) fingerprints of different batches of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, determine their pharmacodynamic indexes of promoting blood circulation, and explore the spectrum-effect relationship between the chemical components of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma and the efficacy of promoting blood circulation. Firstly, the HPLC fingerprints of different batches of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma were established. Then, the pharmacodynamic indexes were determined after the capillary coagulation experiment and the cerebral ischemia-reperfusion in rats, including capillary coagulation time, percentage of cerebral ischemic area, cerebral water loss rate, and brain-body index. Afterward, the partial least-squares method was used to explore the spectrum-effect relationship between the chemical components of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma and the pharmacodynamic indexes. The results showed that this study successfully established the HPLC fingerprints of different batches of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, found 23 common peaks, and identified 12 of them, all of which were saponins. The method was proved stable and reliable. Both the capillary coagulation experiment and the middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO)-induced cerebral ischemia-reperfusion experiment on rats revealed that there were obvious differences in the pharmacodynamic indexes of different batches of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. The relationships between 23 common components of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma in different batches and the pharmacodynamic indexes were discussed by means of spectrum-effect correlation analysis, of which 17 components had positive effects while 6 components had negative effects on the pharmacodynamic indexes. This study provides a certain reference basis for the clinical rational use and quality control of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Saponinas , Animais , Coagulação Sanguínea , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Controle de Qualidade , Ratos , Rizoma
5.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e930588, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND By using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we aimed to study the changes in potential brain function network activity in patients with acute eye pain. Also, by using the voxel-wise degree centrality (DC) method, we aimed to explore the relationship between spontaneous brain activity and the clinical features of patients with acute eye pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 15 patients with acute eye pain (5 women and 10 men; EP group) and 15 healthy controls (5 women and 10 men; HC group), were scanned by fMRI. The DC method was used to evaluate changes in spontaneous brain activity. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were analyzed, and Pearson correlation analysis was used to study the relationship between DC values and clinical manifestations in different regions of brain. RESULTS The area of the left limbic lobe showed a reduction in DC value in patients in the EP group. DC values were elevated in the left cerebellum posterior lobe, left inferior parietal lobule, left inferior temporal gyrus, left precuneus, and right cerebellum posterior lobe in the EP group. The visual analog scale value of the eyes in the EP group was negatively correlated with the left limbic lobe signal value and positively correlated with the left inferior parietal lobule signal value. Further, the scores of the hospital anxiety and depression scale and DC value of the left limbic lobe were negatively correlated. CONCLUSIONS Compared with the HC group, patients with acute eye pain had abnormal patterns of intrinsic brain activity in different brain regions, which may help reveal the potential neural mechanisms involved in eye pain.

6.
Neurosci Lett ; 763: 136152, 2021 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384845

RESUMO

Lycium ruthenicum Murray is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine and is believed to have antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-fatigue effects. Anthocyanins are considered to be one of the main active components. The previous work by our research team found that the anthocyanins in Lycium ruthenicum extract (ALRM) produce a stable anti-anxiety effect. The mechanisms of action include reducing the level of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) as well as regulating extracellular signal-regulated kinase/mitogen activation, protein kinase (ERK/MAPK) pathways, and others, all of which are related to the mechanisms of nicotine addiction. To investigate the effects of ALRM on anxiety and craving behavior after nicotine withdrawal, the components of ALRM were analyzed using the UPLC-Orbitrap MS method. The effects of ALRM on anxiety behavior induced by nicotine withdrawal were investigated in mice using the elevated plus maze (EPM) and light-dark box (LDB) tests. The effects of ALRM on craving behavior after nicotine withdrawal were further investigated using the conditional place preference (CPP) test. The EPM and LDB tests demonstrated that ALRM could alleviate the anxiety behavior induced by nicotine withdrawal and reduce nicotine craving in mice. Based on the identified ALRM components, the network pharmacology method was used to predict the mechanism of ALRM alleviating anxiety after nicotine withdrawal in mice. It was speculated that ALRM was involved in the production and transmission of dopamine, choline, and other nervous system functions and exhibited a potential role in treating nicotine addiction.

7.
BMC Pulm Med ; 21(1): 250, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34320980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) significantly increases the mortality of patients with COPD. Guidelines have recommended systemic glucocorticoid as a regular treatment. Recently, evidence has shown that systemic glucocorticoid cannot be a benefit to all of the patients with AECOPD. Thus, the problem that how the clinicians can screen the patients who can benefit from systemic glucocorticoid needs to be solved urgently. This study is aimed to detect the metabolic biomarkers and metabolic pathways that are related to the efficacy of systemic glucocorticoid and contribute to the precise treatment of COPD. METHODS AND DESIGN: In this study, we will utilize ultraperformance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS) methods for the analysis of the metabolites in AECOPD patients and compare the metabolites profiles between patients with systemic glucocorticoid treatment success group and treatment failure group. We aim to detect the metabolic biomarkers and metabolic pathways that are related to the efficacy of systemic glucocorticoid and contribute to the precise treatment of COPD. DISCUSSION: Previous studies have found that plasma metabolome changed significantly after dexamethasone treatment in healthy participants. Furthermore, inter-person variability was high and remained uninfluenced by treatment, suggesting the potential of metabolomics for predicting the efficacy and side effects of systemic glucocorticoid. Therefore, we hypothesized that metabolome changes in patients with AECOPD may be associated with the efficacy of systemic glucocorticoid. Trial registration Clinicaltrials.gov registration number NCT04710849. Registered 15 January 2021, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04710849 .

8.
J Integr Neurosci ; 20(2): 375-383, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258936

RESUMO

This research investigates the characteristics of spontaneous brain activity in dysthyroid optic neuropathy patients using the regional homogeneity technique. Sixteen patients with dysthyroid optic neuropathy and 16 thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy patients without dysthyroid optic neuropathy were recruited, matched for weight, height, age, sex, and educational level. All participants underwent resting-state functional nuclear resonance imaging, and the characteristics of spontaneous brain activity were evaluated using the regional homogeneity technique. Each participant in the dysthyroid optic neuropathy group also completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to compare brain activity between the two groups. Pearson correlation analysis evaluated the relationship between regional homogeneity and clinical manifestations in dysthyroid optic neuropathy patients. In addition, we analyzed the correlation between Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale and regional homogeneity. We found that the regional homogeneity values at the corpus callosum/cingulate gyrus and parietal lobe/middle frontal gyrus significantly decreased in dysthyroid optic neuropathy patients. Regional homogeneity values at the corpus callosum/cingulate gyrus and parietal lobe/middle frontal gyrus were negatively correlated with Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale and disease duration. It was found that the regional homogeneity signal values were significantly lower than in thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy without in dysthyroid optic neuropathy, which may indicate a risk of regional brain dysfunction in dysthyroid optic neuropathy. The results show that regional homogeneity has the potential for early diagnosis and prevent dysthyroid optic neuropathy. In addition, the findings suggest possible mechanisms of dysthyroid optic neuropathy optic nerve injury. They may provide a valuable basis for further research on the pathological mechanisms of dysthyroid optic neuropathy.

9.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(11): 15491-15500, 2021 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106878

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Previous studies in patients with Alzheimer's disease have shown amyloid beta accumulation in the brain and abnormal brain activity, with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in early stages of the disease. The aim of the current study was to investigate functional connectivity in patients with MCI. METHODS: We recruited 24 subjects in total, including 12 patients with MCI (6 men and 6 women) and 12 healthy controls (HCs) (6 men and 6 women), matched for age, gender, and lifestyle factors. All subjects underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scans and voxel-wise degree centrality (DC) was used to evaluate alterations in the strength of brain network connectivity. RESULTS: The DC value of the left inferior temporal gyrus was lower in MCI but significantly higher in the right fusiform gyrus and the left supplementary motor area, compared with HCs. The DC value in left inferior temporal gyrus correlated positively with disease duration and negatively with Mini-Mental State Examination. ROC curve analysis of brain regions showed acceptable specificity and accuracy of DC values between MCIs and HCs in the area under the curve (right fusiform gyrus, 0.955; left supplementary motor area, 0.992; left inferior temporal gyrus, 1.000). CONCLUSIONS: Abnormal functional connectivity in brain regions of patients with MCI may reflect the pathological process of Alzheimer's disease development and could prove useful in clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/patologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Cognitiva/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Rede Nervosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Rede Nervosa/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Fundo de Olho , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC
10.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 12943, 2021 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34155240

RESUMO

This study investigated neurologic changes in patients with dry eye (DE) by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and to used regional homogeneity (ReHo) analysis to clarify the relationship between these changes and clinical features of DE. A total of 28 patients with DE and 28 matched healthy control (HC) subjects (10 males and 18 females in each group) were enrolled. fMRI scans were performed in both groups. We carried out ReHo analysis to assess differences in neural activity between the 2 groups, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis was performed to evaluate the performance of ReHo values of specific brain areas in distinguishing DE patients from HCs. The relationship between average ReHo values and clinical characteristics was assessed by correlation analysis. ReHo values of the middle frontal gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus, and superior frontal gyrus were significantly lower in DE patients compared to HCs. The ROC analysis showed that ReHo value had high accuracy in distinguishing between DE patients and HCs (P < 0.0001). The ReHo values of the middle frontal gyrus and dorsolateral superior frontal gyrus were correlated to disease duration (P < 0.05). Symptoms of ocular surface injury in DE patients are associated with dysfunction in specific brain regions, which may underlie the cognitive impairment, psychiatric symptoms, and depressive mood observed in DE patients. The decreased ReHo values of some brain gyri in this study may provide a reference for clinical diagnosis and determination of treatment efficacy.

11.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(9): 13166-13178, 2021 05 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972462

RESUMO

This study investigated functional alterations in the cerebral network of patients with hypertensive retinopathy (HR) by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) and degree centrality (DC) methods. 31 patients with HR along with 31 healthy controls (HC) closely matched in gender and age were enrolled for the research. All participants were examined by rs-fMRI, and the DC method was applied to evaluate alterations in spontaneous cerebral activity between the 2 groups. We used the independent samples t test to evaluate demographic and general information differences between HR patients and HCs. The 2-sample t test was used to compare the DC values of different cerebral regions between the 2 groups. The accuracy of differential diagnostic HR was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve method for rs-fMRI DC values changes. Pearson's correlation coefficient was applied to determine the correlation between differences in DC in specific cerebral areas and clinical manifestation. Results showed that DC values were higher in the left cerebellum posterior lobe (LCPL), left medial occipital gyrus (LMOG), and bilateral precuneus (BP) of HR patients compared to HCs. Mean DC values were lower in the right medial frontal gyrus/bilateral anterior cingulate cortex of HR patients. Anxiety and depression scores were positively correlated with DC values of LMOG and LCPL, respectively. Bilateral best-corrected visual acuity in HR patients was negatively correlated with the DC value of BP. Hence, changes in DC in specific cerebral areas of patients with HR reflect functional alterations that provide insight into the pathophysiologic mechanisms of HR.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/patologia , Retinopatia Hipertensiva/fisiopatologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Rede Nervosa/patologia , Adulto , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Retinopatia Hipertensiva/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rede Nervosa/fisiopatologia , Córtex Pré-Frontal/metabolismo , Córtex Pré-Frontal/patologia , Curva ROC
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(10): 2380-2391, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047082

RESUMO

This paper aims to investigate the active components and mechanism of Valerianae Jatamansi Rhizoma et Radix against post-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD) based on network pharmacology and molecular docking. The main components and targets of Valerianae Jatamansi Rhizoma et Radix were obtained by literature mining methods, SwissTargetPrediction, BATMAN and ETCM database. PTSD-related genes were collected from DrugBank, TTD and CTD databases. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed based on STRING, and the core targets of Valerianae Jatamansi Rhizoma et Radix in the treatment of PTSD were selected according to the topological parameters. Cytoscape 3.7.2 was used to construct the compound-target network. DAVID database was used for GO enrichment analysis and KEGG enrichment analysis. The relationship network of "compound-target-pathway" was constructed through Cytoscape 3.7.2 to analyze and obtain the key targets and their corresponding components in the network, and their results were verified by molecular docking. The results showed that a total of 47 components(such as valeraldehyde, dihydrovalerin, valerate, chlorovaltrate K, 8-hydroxypinoresinol, 6-hydroxyluteolin, apigenin, farnesin, vanillin, luteolin, kaempferol, glycosmisic acid and pogostemon) of Valerianae Jatamansi Rhizoma et Radix may act on 94 key targets such as CNR1, MAOA, NR3 C1, MAPK14, MAPK8, HTR2 C and DRD2. Totally 29 GO terms were obtained by GO functional enrichment analysis(P<0.05), and 20 signaling pathways were obtained from KEGG pathway enrichment, mainly involving neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, serotonergic synapse, calcium signaling pathway, cAMP signaling pathway, dopaminergic synapse, retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, neurotrophin signaling pathway, gap junction, cholinergic synapse, estrogen signaling pathway, glutamatergic synapse and long-term potentiation. Molecular docking analysis showed that hydrogen bonding, π-π interaction and hydrophobic effecting may be the main forms of interaction. This study used the network of compound-target-pathway and molecular docking technology to screen the effective components of Valerianae Jatamansi Rhizoma et Radix against PTSD, and explore its anti-PTSD mechanism, so as to provide scientific basis for exploring the anti-PTSD drugs from traditional Chinese medicine and clarifying its mechanism of action.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Rizoma , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/tratamento farmacológico
13.
Brain Behav ; 11(3): e02018, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33386699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neovascular glaucoma (NVG) can cause irreversible visual impairment and abnormal spontaneous changes in brain's visual system and other systems. There is little research on this aspect at present. However, amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFFs) can be used as an rs-fMRI analysis technique for testing changes in spontaneous brain activity patterns. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to probe the local characteristics of spontaneous brain activity in NVG patients and analyze their correlation with clinical behaviors. METHODS: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) scans were obtained from eighteen patients with NVG (8 males, 10 females) and eighteen healthy controls (HCs; 8 males and 10 females) who were matched in age, gender, and education level. We evaluated spontaneous brain activity with the ALFF method. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to compare the average ALFF values for altered brain regions of NVG patients with those of HCs. RESULTS: Compared with HCs, NVG patients had lower ALFF values in the right cuneus, right middle occipital gyrus, left cingulate gyrus, right precuneus, and left medial frontal gyrus (p < 0.001). Higher ALFF values were observed in the right superior frontal gyrus and left middle frontal gyrus (p < 0.001). Analysis of the ROC curves of the brain regions showed that the specificity and accuracy of ALFF values between NVG and HCs in the area under the curve were acceptable (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The patients with NVG exhibited anomalous spontaneous activity in different brain regions; these finding should establish the foundation for a more comprehensive understanding of the pathological mechanisms of NVG. Furthermore, these abnormal variations in specific brain regions can be considered possible clinical indices of NVG.


Assuntos
Glaucoma Neovascular , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Mapeamento Encefálico , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Curva ROC
14.
Acta Radiol ; : 284185120983978, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33423531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Strabismus (STR) is a common eye disease characterized by abnormal eye movements and stereo vision. Neuroimaging studies have revealed that STR patients have impaired functional connectivity (FC) in the visual cortex and sensorimotor cortex. PURPOSE: To investigate alterations in FC and connections within and between subnetworks of the visual network (VN), sensorimotor network (SMN), and default mode network (DMN) in patients with STR. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 32 patients with STR (24 men, 8 women) and 32 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs) (24 men, 8 women) were recruited. Participants underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scans. The resting-state network (RSN) was examined by independent component analysis, and differences in RSN FC between STR and HC groups were evaluated with the t test. Functional network connectivity (FNC) analysis was performed for the three RSNs. RESULTS: Compared to the HC group, the STR group showed increased FC in the VN and SMN (voxel-level P < 0.01; two-tailed Gaussian random field correction; cluster-level P < 0.05). There were no significant alterations in DMN FC between the two groups. FNC analysis of connections in the RSN revealed that one of the three connections in the VN was reduced, but no connectivity changes were observed in the SMN or DMN. FNC analysis of the connection between two RSNs showed that two had increased and one had a decreased connection value. CONCLUSION: The VN, SMN, and DMN are reorganized in patients with STR compared to HCs, providing novel insight into the neural substrates of STR.

15.
Cancer Med ; 10(3): 824-832, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336932

RESUMO

Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) is a major type of breast cancer. Ocular metastasis (OM) in IDC is rarely seen, but patients with OM often have a poor prognosis. Furthermore, OM is difficult to detect in the early stages by common imaging examinations. In the present study, we tried to figure out the risk factors of OM in IDC and evaluate their diagnostic values for early detection. There were 1192 IDC patients who were divided into two groups according to ocular metastasis involved in this study. Clinical parameters of those patients were used to detect differences. The binary logistic regression test was then used to determine the risk factors of OM in IDC. Furthermore, ROC curves of both single and combined risk factors were established to examine their diagnostic values. The incidence of axillary lymph node metastases was significantly higher in the OM group (p = 0.002). Higher carbohydrate antigen 153 (CA153), lower apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1), and hemoglobin (Hb) were risk factors for OM in IDC (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, p = 0.038, respectively). In the single risk factor ROC analysis, cutoff values of CA153, ApoA1, and Hb were 43.3 u/mL (CI: 0.966-0.984, p < 0.001), 1.11 g/L (CI: 0.923-0.951, p < 0.001), and 112 g/L (CI: 0.815-0.857, p < 0.001), respectively. Among the ROC curves of combined risk factors, CA153+ApoA1+Hb had the best accuracy, with the sensitivity and specificity of 89.47% and 99.32%, respectively (CI: 0.964-0.983, p < 0.001). CA153, ApoA1, and Hb are risk factors for OM in IDC. In clinical practice, the three parameters could be used as predictive factors for the early detection of OM.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Neoplasias Oculares/secundário , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirurgia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias Oculares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Oculares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Oculares/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
16.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 265: 113452, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069789

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Zhizhu Xiang (ZZX for short) is the root and rhizome of Valeriana jatamansi Jones, which is a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) used to treat various mood disorders for more than 2000 years, especially anxiety. However, there have been few investigations to clarify the compounds in ZZX for the treatment of anxiety. AIM OF THE STUDY: Our previous study has identified five anti-anxiety components, including hesperidin, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid B and isochlorogenic acid C and chlorogenic acid, from extract of ZZX. In order to find the optimal combination and the underlying mechanism of these five components in the treatment of anxiety disorder, researches were designed based on uniform design method and proteomic technology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The samples with different proportion and content of the five active components were arranged by uniform design method. Then a mathematical model was formulated using partial least square method and stepwise regression analysis. Moreover, the empty bottle stress-induced anxiety rat model was established, and the anti-anxiety effect was recorded by the unconditioned reflex elevated maze test and the open field test. In addition, the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) technique, along with the multidimensional liquid chromatography and high-resolution mass spectrometry were applied in proteomic study. At last, the result of proteomic analysis was further confirmed by Western blot. RESULTS: The optimal combination of the components from the extract of ZZX was 1.153 mg/kg hesperidin, 2.197 mg/kg Isochlorogenic acid A, 0.699 mg/kg Isochlorogenic acid B and 1.249 mg/kg Chlorogenic acid. Total 6818 proteins were identified using proteomic analysis and 80 differentially expressed proteins were used for further bioinformatic analysis. These proteins were involved in the neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, protein digestion and absorption, cholesterol metabolism, Chagas disease, and AGE/RAGE signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: The composition and proportion of anti-anxiety components in extract of ZZX was disclosed, and there was an anti-anxiety effect for the combined components of flavonoids and phenolic acids. Through proteomic analysis and Western blot, it was found that the effective components of extract of ZZX can exert synergistic anti-anxiety effects via the regulation of multi-signaling pathways. These findings could provide a preliminary research basis for the development of new low-toxic, efficient, stable and controllable anti-anxiety drugs.


Assuntos
Ansiolíticos/farmacologia , Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Valeriana/química , Animais , Ansiolíticos/química , Ansiolíticos/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia Líquida , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Modelos Teóricos , Raízes de Plantas , Proteômica , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Rizoma , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Dis Markers ; 2020: 8850873, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33376560

RESUMO

Purpose: Liver metastasis is the final stage of cancer progression and is associated with poor prognosis. Although numerous indicators have been identified as having prognostic value for lung cancer and liver metastasis, liver metastases are still not diagnosed by imaging in many patients. To provide a more accurate method for clinical prediction of liver metastasis, we analyzed multiple factors to identify potential predictive factors for liver metastasis of lung cancer. Methods: Patients first diagnosed with lung cancer between 2002 and 2016 (n = 1746) were divided into two groups, with and without liver metastasis. Serum concentrations of calcium, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cancer antigen-125 (CA125), cancer antigen-153 (CA153), carbohydrate antigen-199 (CA199), cytokeratin fraction 21-1 (CYFRA21-1), total prostate-specific antigen (TPSA), and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) were analyzed in both patient groups. Results: There was no significant difference in age or sex between the two groups. CA125 and NSE were significantly associated with liver metastasis. Compared with CA125, NSE was more specific, while it was less sensitive (P < 0.001). Further analysis of NSE concentrations was conducted in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer and indicated that NSE concentration differed significantly between those with and without liver metastasis (P = 0.023). We conducted analysis with NSE and CA125 combined, resulting in acceptable sensitivity (51.2%), specificity (72.6%), and area under the curve (0.64) values; sensitivity and area under the curve values were higher than those for individual factors, while specificity was higher than that for CA125. Conclusions: The combination of CA125 and NSE can assist prediction of liver metastasis of lung cancer, providing improved diagnostic accuracy.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Antígeno Ca-125/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/sangue , Idoso , Antígenos de Neoplasias/sangue , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Feminino , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/sangue , Humanos , Queratina-19/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
18.
Ther Adv Endocrinol Metab ; 11: 2042018820960296, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33149884

RESUMO

Purpose: In this study, we aimed to investigate the differences in the intrinsic functional connectivity (iFC) of the primary visual cortex (V1), based on resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI), between patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and healthy controls (HCs). Methods: In total, 26 patients (12 males, 14 females) with PDR and 26 HCs (12 males, 14 females), matched for sex, age, and education status, were enrolled in the study. All individuals underwent rs-fMRI scans. We acquired iFC maps and compared the differences between PDR patients and the HCs. Results: The PDR group had significantly increased FC between the left V1 and the right middle frontal gyrus (RMFG), and significantly reduced FC between the left V1 and the cuneus/calcarine/precuneus. In addition, the PDR patients had significantly increased FC between the right V1 and the right superior frontal gyrus (RSFG), and significantly reduced FC between the right V1 and the cuneus/calcarine/precuneus. The individual areas under the curve (AUCs) of FC values for the left V1 were as follows: RMFG (0.871, p < 0.001) and the cuneus/calcarine/precuneus (0.914, p < 0.001), while the AUCs of FC values for the right V1 were as follows: RSFG (0.895, p < 0.001) and the cuneus/calcarine/precuneus (0.918, p < 0.001). Conclusions: The results demonstrated that, in PDR patients, altered iFC in distinct brain regions, including regions related to visual information processing and cognition. Considering the rise in the diabetes mellitus incidence rate and the consequences of PDR, the results could provide promising clues for exploring the neural mechanisms related to PDR and possible approaches for the early identification of PDR.

19.
Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol ; 34: 2058738420963818, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016797

RESUMO

Sepsis, a severe infectious disease in the neonatal period, is considered a risk factor for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). To investigate the specific risk factors for NEC in septic infants, septic infants admitted to our center from January 2010 to April 2018 were included. Septic neonates with proven NEC (Bell's stage ⩾II) were enrolled in the NEC group, and those without NEC were enrolled in the control group. Demographics, clinical characteristics, and risk factors were compared between the two groups. Univariate and logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the potential risk factors for NEC. A total of 610 septic neonates were included, of whom 78 (12.8%) had complicated NEC. The univariate analysis indicated that infants with NEC had a lower birth weight, a lower gestational age, and older age on admission than those without NEC (P < 0.05). Higher rates of anemia, prolonged rupture of membranes (PROM) (⩾18 h), pregnancy-induced hypertension, late-onset sepsis (LOS), red blood cell transfusion and hypoalbuminemia were observed in the NEC group than in the non-NEC group (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed LOS (P = 0.000), red blood cell transfusion (P = 0.001) and hypoalbuminemia (P = 0.001) were associated with the development of NEC. Among NEC infants, those who needed red blood cell transfusion had a longer hospitalization duration than those who did not need transfusion (P < 0.05). LOS, red blood cell transfusion and hypoalbuminemia were independent risk factors for the development of NEC in infants with sepsis. Taking measures to reduce the occurrence of hypoproteinemia and severe anemia may help to reduce the occurrence of NEC in septic neonates.

20.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 16: 1907-1917, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32821107

RESUMO

Objective: Previous studies demonstrated that myopia could result in alterations of brain activity in specific areas. However, whether the visual function could improve by Lasik surgery, with the brain activity alterations also change, is still unknown. Here, we intended to use the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) technique to investigate the intrinsic brain activity changes in pre-Lasik (PRL) and post-Lasik (POL) patients. Methods: A total of 15 patients with myopia (nine male and six female) were recruited in our study, who were matched according to age, weight, and height. These patients comprised both the PRL and POL groups, which is self-controlled. The patients all underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and the spontaneous brain activity changes were recorded by the ALFF technique. The data were recorded and arranged in the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, which presented how intrinsic activities altered in different brain regions. Moreover, by Graphpad prism 8, we can analyze the linear correlation between HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) and ALFF values as well. Results: Differences in ALFF values existed in brain regions between the same patient before and after the Lasik operation. The regions with increased ALFF values after Lasik surgery were the left parahippocampal gyrus, cerebellar vermis, and left posterior cingulate cortex. The regions with decreased ALFF values after Lasik surgery were the left supramarginal gyrus and right trigonometric inferior frontal gyrus. Conclusion: We demonstrated significant fluctuations of ALFF values in specific brain areas between the same patients before and after the Lasik surgery. The altered ALFF values reflected the hyperactivity or hypoactivity of the specific brain areas, which may help predict the recovery level of patients' vision after Lasik surgery. Furthermore, based on the experimental results that presented significant activity alterations in specific brian regions, patients could be speculated equipped with a better visual function.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...