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1.
Clin Immunol ; 247: 109230, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Checkpoint inhibitor pneumonitis (CIP) is a potentially fatal adverse event resulting from immunotherapy in patients with malignant tumors. However, the pathogenesis of CIP remains poorly understood. METHODS: We collected bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from cohorts of patients with CIP, new-onset lung cancer (LC), and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Non-targeted metabolomics analysis was conducted to analyze metabolic signatures. Flow cytometry was used to evaluate immune cell subsets. RESULTS: Lymphocytes were predominant in the BALF of patients with CIP. A total of 903 metabolites were identified, among which lipid compounds were the most abundant. In a comparison between patients with CIP and LC, enrichment analysis of the altered metabolites showed suppressed amino sugar metabolism, and spermidine and spermine biosynthesis in the CIP group. Metabolism of alpha linolenic acid, linoleic acid, and their fatty acid derivatives was enriched in the CIP group relative to the IPF group. The twelve metabolites found to be enriched in the CIP group were positively correlated with the proportion of CD8+ T cells. One cluster of BALF metabolites, 57.14% of which were lipid molecules, was inversely correlated with the proportion of natural killer cells. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the metabolomic landscape of BALF in patients with CIP was determined. We elucidated suppressed tumor metabolic signatures, enhanced pulmonary inflammatory signaling, and the characteristics of responsible immune cells, which helps to understand the pathogenesis of CIP.

2.
Microorganisms ; 11(1)2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677496

RESUMO

Legionella pneumophila is an intracellular pathogen causing pneumonia in humans. In February 2022, Legionnaires' disease caused by L. pneumophila strain Corby in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma was identified for the first time in China. This paper includes the case report and phenotypic and genomic analysis of the Corby (ICDC) strain. Its biological characteristics were evaluated by antibiotic sensitivity testing and cytology experiments, and genomic analysis was performed to understand its genetic evolution. The patient's clinical manifestations included cough, fever, pulmonary infiltration, and significantly decreased activity endurance. After empirical antimicrobial therapy, infection indicators decreased. The Corby (ICDC) strain was susceptible to nine antibiotics and exhibited strong intracellular proliferation ability. A phylogenetic tree showed that the Corby (ICDC) strain was closely related to the Corby strain, but under the pressure of a complex environment, its genome had undergone more rearrangement and inversion. The type IF CRISPR-Cas system was identified in its genome, and spacer analysis indicated that it had been invaded by several foreign plasmids, bacteria, and viruses during evolution. Legionnaires' disease caused by L. pneumophila strain Corby may be ignored in China, and it is urgent to improve long-term monitoring and investigation of aquatic environments and patients with respiratory infections to prevent a large-scale outbreak of Legionnaires' disease.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36705089

RESUMO

Aqueous rechargeable batteries are prospective candidates for large-scale grid energy storage. However, traditional anode materials applied lack acid-alkali co-tolerance. Herein, we report a covalent organic framework containing pyrazine (C=N) and phenylimino (-NH-) groups (HPP-COF) as a long-cycle and high-rate anode for both acidic and alkaline batteries. The HPP-COF's robust covalent linkage and the hydrogen bond network between -NH- and water molecules collectively improve the acid-alkaline co-tolerance. More importantly, the hydrogen bond network promotes the rapid transport of H+/OH- by the Grotthuss mechanisms. As a result, the HPP-COF delivers a superior capacity and cycle stability (66.6 mAh g-1@ 30 A g-1, over 40000 cycles in 1 M H2SO4 electrolyte; 91.7 mAh g-1@ 100 A g-1, over 30000 cycles @ 30 A g-1 in 1 M NaOH electrolyte). The work opens a new direction for the structural design and application of COF materials in acidic and alkaline batteries.

4.
J Hazard Mater ; 446: 130697, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36599277

RESUMO

Biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) driven by diazotrophs is a major means of increasing available nitrogen (N) in paddy soil, in addition to anthropogenic fertilization. However, the influence of long-term polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) contamination on the diazotrophic community and nitrogen fixation in paddy soil is poorly understood. In this study, samples were collected from paddy soil subjected to > 30 years of PCB contamination, and the soil diazotrophic community and N2 fixation rate were evaluated by Illumina MiSeq sequencing and acetylene reduction assays, respectively. The results indicated that high PCB contamination increased diazotrophic abundance and the N2 fixation rate, and altered diazotrophic community structure in the paddy soil. The random forest model demonstrated that the ß-diversity of the diazotrophic community was the most significant predictor of the N2 fixation rate. Structure equation modeling identified a specialized keystone diazotrophic ecological cluster, predominated by Bradyrhizobium, Desulfomonile, and Cyanobacteria, as the key driver of N2 fixation. Overall, our findings indicated that long-term PCB contamination enhanced the N2 fixation rate by altering diazotrophic community abundance and structure, which may deepen our understanding of the ecological function of diazotrophs in organic-contaminated soil.


Assuntos
Bifenilos Policlorados , Solo , Solo/química , Fixação de Nitrogênio , Microbiologia do Solo , Nitrogênio/análise
5.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 139, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Migration can be linked to the transmission of COVID-19. COVID-19 vaccine uptake and hesitancy among rural-to-urban migrant workers in China, the largest group of internal migrants in the world, has not been characterized. OBJECTIVE: To investigate COVID-19 vaccine uptake and identify vaccine hesitancy-associated factors among rural-to-urban migrant workers in the first round of COVID-19 vaccination in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was conducted, including 14,917 participants. Socio-demographics, COVID-19 vaccine uptake, vaccine hesitancy and its associated factors based on Vaccine Hesitancy Determinants Matrix (VHDM) were applied for the survey. Data were principally analyzed by logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The COVID-19 vaccine uptake and vaccine hesitancy rates were 7.1% and 57.7%, respectively. Vaccine hesitancy was strongly associated with VHDM, including individual factors (female, higher annual income and fewer medical knowledge), group factors (less family support, friend support and public opinion support), COVID-19 epidemic factors (lower fatality, infection and emotional distress) and vaccine factors (less vaccine necessity, vaccine safety, vaccine efficacy, vaccine importance and vaccine reliability). CONCLUSION: The VHDM model has the potential utility in efforts to reduce COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy. Greater efforts should be put into addressing positive predictors associated with vaccine hesitancy.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Migrantes , Feminino , Humanos , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Hesitação Vacinal , Vacinação , China/epidemiologia
6.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 23(1): 40, 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36681814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current research results show that drug-coated balloons (DCB) have unique advantages in the treatment of in-stent restenosis, small vessel disease, bifurcation lesions, and de novo lesions, but the data regarding rotational atherectomy (RA) followed by DCB treatment in calcified lesions, especially severe coronary artery calcification (CAC), are limited. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 318 individuals with severe CAC who underwent RA-assisted PCI at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from May 2018 to July 2021. Among them, 57 patients (RA/DCB group) were treated with DCB, and 261 patients (RA/DES group) were treated with drug-eluting stents (DES). The two groups' clinical baseline data, lesion characteristics, intraoperative complications, in-hospital adverse events, and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) were compared throughout the follow-up period. RESULTS: The baseline clinical data, intraoperative complications, and in-hospital adverse events were not significantly different between the two groups. The anatomical categories in the RA/DES group were more complex and included left main coronary disease, bifurcation disease, and multivessel disease. Although target lesion revascularization (13.79% vs. 7.02%) and MACCE (18.77% vs. 12.28%) occurred more frequently in the RA/DES group than in the RA/DCB group, there was no statistically significant difference (p > 0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that bifurcation lesions (HR 2.284, 95% CI 1.063-4.908, p = 0.034), total length of DCB/DES (HR 1.023, 95% CI 1.005-1.047, p = 0.014) and SYNTAX score (HR 1.047, 95% CI 1.013-1.082, p = 0.006) were independent risk factors for MACCE during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Drug-coated balloon treatment after rotational atherectomy appears safe and effective in selected severe coronary artery calcification.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Aterectomia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Aterectomia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 13(1)2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36611444

RESUMO

(1) Background: Follow-up infarct volume (FIV) may have implications for prognostication in acute ischemic stroke patients. Factors predicting the discrepancy between FIV and 90-day outcomes are poorly understood. We aimed to develop a comprehensive predictive model of FIV and explore factors associated with the discrepancy. (2) Methods: Patients with acute anterior circulation large vessel occlusion were included. Baseline clinical and CT features were extracted and analyzed, including the CTP-based hypoperfusion index (HI) and the NCCT-based e-ASPECT, measured by automated software. FIV was assessed on follow-up NCCT at 3-7 days. Multiple linear regression was used to construct the predictive model. Subgroup analysis was performed to explore factors associated with poor outcomes (90-mRS scores 3-6) in small FIV (<70 mL). (3) Results: There were 170 patients included. Baseline e-ASPECT, infarct core volume, hypoperfusion volume, HI, baseline international normalized ratio, and successful recanalization were associated with FIV and included in constructing the predictive model. Baseline NIHSS, baseline hypertension, stroke history, and current tobacco use were associated with poor outcomes in small FIV. (4) Conclusions: A comprehensive predictive model (including HI) of FIV was constructed. We also emphasized the importance of hypertension and smoking status at baseline for the functional outcomes in patients with a small FIV.

8.
Mikrochim Acta ; 190(2): 49, 2023 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630016

RESUMO

A "turn-on" inverse opal photonic crystal fluorescent sensing film infiltrated with a coumarin derivative is reported for the reliable and accurate detection of cysteine in human serum and fluorescence imaging of living cells. The coumarin derivative containing allyl ester specifically reacts with cysteine by ammonolysis to generate a fluorescent product whose emission wavelength is at ~ 535 nm, providing a selective fluorescence detection for cysteine. The emitted fluorescence is significantly enhanced due to the slow photon effect derived from the photonic crystal film. This is because the emission wavelength is overlapped with the blue-band edge of the photonic stopband of the selected inverse opal film. The fluorescence enhancement effect endows the prepared inverse opal film with highly sensitive detection with a limit of detection of 3.23 × 10-9 mol/L and a wide linear detection range of 1 × 10-7 - 1 × 10-3 mol/L. A fast response within 30 s toward cysteine is also achieved due to the three-dimensional interconnected macroporous structure with a high-specific surface area of the inverse opal film. The prepared inverse opal fluorescent sensing film has been successfully applied to the detection of cysteine in human serum and bioimaging of living cells. In the diluted human serum, the recoveries for the detection of cysteine were 97.92 - 107.20%, and the relative standard deviations were 2.61-9.04%, demonstrating the potential applicability of the inverse opal fluorescent sensing film to real sample analysis. The method may provide a universal strategy for constructing various photonic crystal fluorescent sensing films by using different fluorescent probes.


Assuntos
Cisteína , Corantes Fluorescentes , Humanos , Corantes Fluorescentes/toxicidade , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Fótons , Óptica e Fotônica
9.
Entropy (Basel) ; 25(1)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673253

RESUMO

Telecom fraud detection is of great significance in online social networks. Yet the massive, redundant, incomplete, and uncertain network information makes it a challenging task to handle. Hence, this paper mainly uses the correlation of attributes by entropy function to optimize the data quality and then solves the problem of telecommunication fraud detection with incomplete information. First, to filter out redundancy and noise, we propose an attribute reduction algorithm based on max-correlation and max-independence rate (MCIR) to improve data quality. Then, we design a rough-gain anomaly detection algorithm (MCIR-RGAD) using the idea of maximal consistent blocks to deal with missing incomplete data. Finally, the experimental results on authentic telecommunication fraud data and UCI data show that the MCIR-RGAD algorithm provides an effective solution for reducing the computation time, improving the data quality, and processing incomplete data.

10.
J Diabetes Complications ; 37(1): 108382, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36535110

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the relationship of the lipoprotein(a), albuminuria, myostatin with sarcopenia in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: A total of 461 elderly patients with T2D who were admitted to our hospital were selected as the research subjects. There were 34 cases in line with Asian sarcopenia diagnosis (group A), and 427 patients had no such symptoms as the control group (group C). The levels of lipoprotein(a), albuminuria, myostatin in each group were compared, and the effect factors of muscle loss in elderly patients with T2D were analyzed by univariate/multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: The incidence of sarcopenia in 461 elderly patients with T2D in this study was 7.37 % (34/461). However, the levels of appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (ASMI, kg/m2), albumin and epidermal growth factor receptor (eGFR) in group A were lower than those in group C (P < 0.05). The levels of lipoprotein(a), albuminuria, myostatin in group A were higher those in group C (P < 0.05). Additionally, group A had a higher morbidity in diabetic retinopathy and neuropathy. Univariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the risk factors of muscle loss are ASMI, lipoprotein(a), albuminuria, myostatin, diabetic retinopathy and neuropathy. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors of muscle loss in elderly patients with T2D were lipoprotein(a), albuminuria, myostatin and diabetic neuropathy. CONCLUSION: The lipoprotein(a), albuminuria, myostatin and diabetic neuropathy are closely related to the occurrence and development of muscle loss in elderly patients with T2D.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Neuropatias Diabéticas , Retinopatia Diabética , Sarcopenia , Humanos , Idoso , Sarcopenia/complicações , Sarcopenia/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Miostatina , Retinopatia Diabética/patologia , Albuminúria/etiologia , Albuminúria/complicações , Neuropatias Diabéticas/complicações , Lipoproteína(a) , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo
11.
Mol Plant Microbe Interact ; : MPMI10220205A, 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36463398

RESUMO

Verticillium wilt, caused by the fungal pathogen Verticillium dahliae, is the major cause of disease-related yield losses in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Despite these losses, the major cultivars of G. hirsutum remain highly susceptible to Verticillium wilt. The lack of understanding on the genetic basis for Verticillium wilt resistance may further hinder progress in deploying elite cultivars with proven resistance, such as the wilt resistant G. hirsutum cultivar Zhongzhimian No. 2. To help remedy this knowledge gap, we sequenced the whole genome of Zhongzhimian No. 2 and assembled it from a combination of PacBio long reads, Illumina short reads, and high-throughput chromosome conformation capture technologies. The final assembly of the genome was 2.33 Gb, encoding 95,327 predicted coding sequences. The GC content was 34.39% with 99.2% of the bases anchored to 26 pseudo-chromosomes that ranged from 53.8 to 127.7 Mb. This resource will help gain a detailed understanding of the genomic features governing high yield and Verticillium wilt resistance in this cultivar. Comparative genomics will be particularly helpful, since there are several published genomes of other Gossypium species. [Formula: see text] Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0 International license.

12.
Int J Gen Med ; 15: 8353-8363, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36465269

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remains an uncontained, worldwide pandemic. While battling the disease in China, the Chinese government has actively promoted the use of traditional Chinese medicine, and many studies have been conducted to determine the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine for treating COVID-19. The present review discusses the effectiveness and safety of traditional Chinese medicine in curing COVID-19 and provides clinical evidence from all confirmed cases in China. Applications of traditional Chinese medicine and specific recipes for treating other viral infections, such as those caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus and influenza A viruses (including H1N1), are also discussed. Studies have reported that traditional Chinese medicine treatment plays a significant role in improving clinical symptoms. Therefore, further investigation may be of high translational value in revealing novel targeted therapies for COVID-19.

13.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1046026, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36544796

RESUMO

Objectives: Overweight and obesity are harmful to human health. However, the latest trends of Chinese childhood overweight and obesity prevalence are not available. The aim of this study was to examine the trends from 2000 to 2019 among students in China. Methods: We analyzed data of 66,072 students in the Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health from 2000 to 2019. Overweight and obesity were defined based on the standard formulated by the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF standard), the World Health Organization (WHO standard), and the Working Group on Obesity in China (WGOC standard), respectively. The χ2-test was used to test the trends of overweight and obesity prevalence and logistic regression was conducted to evaluate the prevalence odds ratios of boys vs. girls and urban vs. rural areas. Results: The prevalence of obesity/overweight and obesity combined was 6.03/23.58% (IOTF standard), 10.56/25.88% (WGOC standard) and 10.75/29.69% (WHO standard) in 2019. From 2000 to 2019, according to the WGOC standard, the prevalence increased from 2.51 to 10.56% for obesity and increased from 9.81 to 25.88% for overweight and obesity combined (P for trend < 0.001). Obesity/overweight and obesity were greater problems in boys than girls and urban than rural areas, but urban-rural differences decreased over time. Conclusion: Overweight and obesity prevalence increased significantly in children and adolescents in China from 2000 to 2019. The prevalence of overweight and obesity in rural areas may contribute to a large percentage of children with overweight and obesity.


Assuntos
Sobrepeso , Obesidade Pediátrica , Masculino , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Criança , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Prevalência , China/epidemiologia , Estudantes
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36572141

RESUMO

Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) is an economically important aquaculture species, and its growth and development are regulated by temperature, but the molecular mechanisms of the responses to temperature remain unclear. Herein, we identified TRPA1 from E. sinensis, a member of the TRP family of heat receptor potential channels, performed RACE cloning and bioinformatics analysis, and investigated the effect of TRPA1 on temperature responses and molting by real-time PCR and RNA interference (RNAi). The open reading frame of Es-TRPA1 is 3660 bp, and the encoded protein has a molecular weight of 136.91 kDa, and is expressed in embryos and juveniles. RNAi-mediated silencing decreased Es-TRPA1 expression in juvenile crabs, molting rate was decreased, mortality was increased, and crabs avoided cold areas (4 °C) much less than control juvenile crabs. The results suggest that Es-TRPA1 is involved in regulating temperature adaptation and molting processes in E. sinensis. The findings lay a foundation for further exploration of temperature regulation mechanisms in E. sinensis and other crustaceans.

15.
Sci Data ; 9(1): 783, 2022 12 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36566231

RESUMO

Tamias sibiricus is regarded as one predominant scatter-hoarder that stores their food items both in small scattered caches and underground larder-hoards. This unique behavior, though providing essential seed dispersal services for many plant species worldwide, relies highly on accurate spatial memory and acute sense of olfaction. Here, we assembled a chromosome-scale genome of T. sibiricus using Illumina sequencing, PacBio sequencing and chromosome structure capture technique. The genome was 2.64 Gb in size with scaffold N50 length of 172.61 Mb. A total of 2.59 Gb genome data was anchored and orientated onto 19 chromosomes (ranging from 28.70 to 222.90 Mb) with a mounting rate of up to 98.03%. Meanwhile, 25,311 protein-coding genes were predicted with an average gene length of 32,936 bp, and 94.73% of these genes were functionally annotated. This reference genome will be a valuable resource for in-depth studies on basic biological possess and environmental adaptation of the Siberian chipmunk, as well as promoting comparative genomic analyses with other species within Rodentia.


Assuntos
Cromossomos , Sciuridae , Animais , Comportamento Alimentar , Genoma , Filogenia , Sciuridae/genética , Sibéria
16.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(12)2022 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36557076

RESUMO

Background: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive and rare malignant pleural tumor. Methods: MPM patients diagnosed in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital and Beijing Tongren Hospital were the focus of this study. We collected and analyzed the histological, radiological, and metabolic features of MPM patients. At the same time, Cox univariable and multivariable analyses were used to explore the laboratory risk factors affecting the prognosis of MPM patients. Results: A total of 129 MPM patients were included in this study. MPM includes three main histological subtypes: epithelioid, sarcomatoid and biphasic. Among them, epithelial subtypes accounted for the highest proportion. Calretinin, Wilms' tumor gene (WT1), cytokeratin 5/6 (CK5/6), and D2-40 were the most useful mesothelial markers to support a MPM diagnosis. The imaging features of MPM patients are pleural thickening and pleural effusion. In PET-CT, the affected pleura showed obvious high uptake of tracer, and the degree was related to the specific subtype. The median follow-up time was 55.0 (30.0, 94.0) months. A total of 92 (71.3%) patients died during follow-up. The median survival time of patients was 21.0 (9.0, 48.0) months. The Cox multivariable analysis showed that age [hazard ratio (HR), 1.824; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.159-2.872; p = 0.009; uncorrected], ESR (HR, 2.197; 95% CI 1.318-3.664; p = 0.003; with Bonferroni correction), lymphocytes (HR, 0.436; 95% CI 0.258-0.737; p = 0.002; with Bonferroni correction), platelets (HR, 1.802; 95% CI 1.084-2.997; p = 0.023; uncorrected) and total protein (HR, 0.625; 95% CI 0.394-0.990; p = 0.045; uncorrected) were independent risk factors for prognosis, after adjusting for confounding factors. Conclusions: Age, ESR, lymphocytes, platelets and total protein may be related to the prognosis of MPM patients. Summarizing the histological, radiological, and metabolic features of MPM patients in the two centers can increase clinicians' understanding of this rare tumor.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Mesotelioma Maligno , Mesotelioma , Neoplasias Pleurais , Humanos , Mesotelioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Pleurais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo
17.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 7978, 2022 12 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36581612

RESUMO

The human gut microbiome has been extensively explored, while the archaeal viruses remain largely unknown. Here, we present a comprehensive analysis of the archaeal viruses from the human gut metagenomes and the existing virus collections using the CRISPR spacer and viral signature-based approach. This results in 1279 viral species, of which, 95.2% infect Methanobrevibacteria_A, 56.5% shared high identity (>95%) with the archaeal proviruses, 37.2% have a host range across archaeal species, and 55.7% are highly prevalent in the human population (>1%). A methanogenic archaeal virus-specific gene for pseudomurein endoisopeptidase (PeiW) frequently occurs in the viral sequences (n = 150). Analysis of 33 Caudoviricetes viruses with a complete genome often discovers the genes (integrase, n = 29; mazE, n = 10) regulating the viral lysogenic-lytic cycle, implying the dominance of temperate viruses in the archaeal virome. Together, our work uncovers the unexplored diversity of archaeal viruses, revealing the novel facet of the human gut microbiome.


Assuntos
Vírus de Archaea , Vírus , Humanos , Archaea/genética , Metagenoma/genética , Viroma , Vírus/genética , Metagenômica , Vírus de Archaea/genética
18.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1050469, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36530720

RESUMO

Introduction: Female college students are a group with high incidence of anxiety, and anxiety will lead to the disorder of autonomic nervous system (ANS), which will adversely affect their study and life. Resistance training plays a positive role in improving anxiety, but there is little evidence on whether resistance training can improve ANS of anxious female college students. Heart rate variability (HRV) has gained widespread acceptance in assessing ANS modulation. Therefore, the objective of this study aimed to investigate the effects of resistance training on heart rate variability (HRV) in anxious female college student. Methods: A randomized controlled study of resistance training intervention was conducted in 27 anxious female college students that assigned randomly into an intervention group (n = 14) and a control group (n = 13). The intervention group was intervened by cluster training for 8 weeks. Self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) was used. ANS is evaluated by short-term HRV. Muscle strength was assessed by 1 RM indirect method. Independent-sample t-test was used to test post-test-pre-test scores between the intervention and control groups. Results: After the intervention, SAS score of the intervention group was significantly decreased (P < 0.05), SDNN of the intervention group was significantly increased (P < 0.05) and LF/HF was significantly decreased (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The resistance training intervention adopted in this study significantly increased the HRV of anxious female college students and improved their autonomic nervous disorder.


Assuntos
Treinamento de Força , Humanos , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiologia , Ansiedade , Estudantes
19.
Front Genet ; 13: 1070971, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36531231

RESUMO

Hepatoblastoma is a malignant embryonal tumor with multiple differentiation modes and is the clearest liver malignancy in children. However, little is known about genetic and epigenetic events in Hepatoblastoma. Increased research has recently demonstrated, unique genetic and epigenetic events in Hepatoblastoma, providing insights into its origin and precise treatment. Some genetic disorders and congenital factors are associated with the risk of Hepatoblastoma development, such as the Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, Familial Adenomatous polyposis, and Hemihypertrophy. Epigenetic modifications such as DNA modifications, histone modifications, and non-coding RNA regulation are also essential in the development of Hepatoblastoma. Herein, we reviewed genetic and epigenetic events in Hepatoblastoma, focusing on the relationship between these events and cancer susceptibility, tumor growth, and prognosis. By deciphering the genetic and epigenetic associations in Hepatoblastoma, tumor pathogenesis can be clarified, and guide the development of new anti-cancer drugs and prevention strategies.

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