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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 688: 1124-1136, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726543

RESUMO

Diesel fuel (DF)-contamination remediation has aroused increasing concern in environmental field. In our work, nano sponge was modified by silylation of amino silicon oil (ASO) and aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) to obtain hydrophobic nano sponge (SPAA). SPAA possessed a micro/nano network structure and could efficiently adsorb DF through hydrophobic polysiloxane group. The results revealed that SPAA could effectively remove DF and control its migration in water and soil under various conditions. Importantly, SPAA could inhibit the harmful effect of DF on the growth of plants, earthworms, and fish. Therefore, this work provides a promising and low-cost approach for removal of DF from water and soil, which might have a potential application value.

2.
J Phys Chem A ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661965

RESUMO

Inspired by the structure and optical properties of N,N'-dialkylated/dibenzylated 2,5-bis(4-pyridinium)thiazolo[5,4-d]thiazole, we proposed a series of disubstituted thiazolo[5,4-d]thiazole derivatives as promising materials for multifunctional optoelectronic, electron transfer sensing, and other photochemical applications. Density functional theory study of the electronic structures and transition properties of those newly proposed molecules indicates that the electron-donating and electron-withdrawing groups introduced to the peripheral pyridyl ligands extend the distributions of molecular frontier orbitals, increase the electron density in thiazolo[5,4-d]thiazolea, and therefore lead to remarkable red-shifts of their absorption and emission peaks.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623353

RESUMO

Quantitative analysis on decoupling between economic output, carbon emission, and the driving factors behind decoupling states can serve to make the economy grow without increasing carbon emission in China's transport sector. In this work, we investigate the decoupling states and driving factors of decoupling states in the transport sector of China's four municipalities (Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, and Chongqing) through combining the Tapio decoupling approach with the decomposition technique. The results show that (i) the decoupling state of Beijing, Shanghai, and Tianjin improved; Beijing stabilized in weak decoupling; Shanghai and Tianjin appeared to have strong decoupling, but the decoupling state of Chongqing deteriorated from decoupling to negative decoupling. (ii) The energy-saving effect was the primary contributor to decoupling in these four municipalities, promoting transport's economic growth strongly decouple from carbon emission. The economic scale effect was not optimized enough in Chongqing, facilitating expansive coupling, and expansive negative decoupling emerged. But it had a rather positive impact on decoupling process in Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin, promoting economic growth to weakly decouple from carbon emission. (iii) The carbon-reduction effect promoted strong decoupling, which emerged in Shanghai's transport sector, more so than in the other three municipalities, in which weak decoupling emerged. Finally, several relevant policy recommendations were offered to promote the decoupling of carbon emission from economic growth and low-carbon transport.

4.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31548596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of preoperative immunological and nutritional status, using the prognostic nutritional index (PNI), on completion of planned adjuvant chemotherapy (AC), and the potential additive effects of low PNI and incomplete AC on gastric cancer-specific survival (CSS) after curative resection of stage II/III gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: Medical records of 1288 consecutive stage II/III GC patients who underwent curative resection and planned to receive AC between November 2010 and December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The optimal cut-off value of PNI for CSS was determined by X-tile. The independent predictive factors for incomplete AC were identified using univariate and multivariate analyses. Cox regression analyses assessed the association of low PNI, incomplete AC and CSS. RESULTS: Of the 1288 patients, 406 (31.5%) completed at least six cycles of AC within 6 months following initial of AC (complete AC). Low PNI (<43.9, n = 386) was identified to be an independent risk factor for incomplete AC (<6 cycles). Both low PNI and incomplete AC independently predicted poor CSS (hazard ratio (HR): 1.287, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.058-1.565; HR: 1.667, 95% CI: 1.342-2.071). Further analyses confirmed an additive effect with those with both low PNI and incomplete AC having an even worse CSS. CONCLUSIONS: Low preoperative PNI significantly affects completion of AC. Low PNI and incomplete AC has an additive effect and is associated with even worse outcomes. Further prospective studies are needed to clarify whether perioperative nutrition intervention could improve completion of AC and improve prognosis of GC patients.

5.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 28(3): 288-292, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489418

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the correlation between dietary nutrient intake and PG-SGA score in patients with oral cancers before radiotherapy. METHODS: Sixty-five patients with oral cancers treated in Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital were selected. The 72-hour dietary survey method was used to understand the food intake of the patients. PG-SGA was used to make quantitative scoring of the nutritional status of the patients. SPSS 23.0 software package was used for data analysis. RESULTS: The number of severe malnutrition cases in male patients was significantly higher than that in female patients (P<0.05). Energy, fat and fat energy ratio, carbohydrate and carbohydrate energy ratio from diet in good nutrition/mild malnutrition group, moderate malnutrition, severe malnutrition patients were over reference intake of dietary nutrients for Chinese residents; protein intake and protein energy ratio were greater than reference intake of nutrients for Chinese people. There was no significant difference among the three groups. The selenium intake of the well-nourished/mildly malnourished, moderately malnourished and severely malnourished groups was 67.15, 81.04 and 81.59 µg; vitamin E was 27.81, 30.88, 26.40 mg α-TE; vitamin C was 150.19, 159.81, 183.71 mg; retinol was 904.65, 1401.51, and 1373.81 µg RAE, respectively. Niacin was 12.97, 18.76 and 14.27 mg NE, respectively, reaching or exceeding the reference intake. There was no significant difference among the three groups. In male patients, dietary energy and niacin intake were negatively correlated with PG-SGA score (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with oral cancers have a high incidence of malnutrition before radiotherapy, and the average intake of dietary energy, protein, fat, carbohydrates and micronutrients such as selenium, vitamin E, vitamin C, retinol and niacin reached or exceeded the reference intake. Energy and niacin intake were negatively correlated with PG-SGA score in male patients.


Assuntos
Desnutrição , Neoplasias Bucais , Estado Nutricional , China , Dieta , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Desnutrição/etiologia , Neoplasias Bucais/complicações
6.
J Sep Sci ; 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429171

RESUMO

We established a two-dimensional strong cation exchange/reversed-phase liquid chromatography protocol to isolate and purify isoquinoline alkaloids from Corydalis impatiens. Isoquinoline alkaloids were first enriched from a C. impatiens extract in which liposoluble components were removed using a medium-pressure chromatographic tower containing middle chromatogram isolated gel. A strong cation exchange column was employed to separate and obtain 30 fractions. We chose fractions 22-29 for reversed-phase liquid chromatography purification using characteristic isoquinoline alkaloid ultraviolet absorption spectra. Several isoquinoline alkaloid fractions (22-29) were further separated, and those of low resolution were isolated via two-dimensional liquid chromatography in the orthogonal plane. A total of eight novel isoquinoline alkaloids with characteristic ultraviolet spectra were obtained from C. impatiens. We thus demonstrate the benefits of off-line two-dimensional strong cation exchange/reversed-phase liquid chromatography to isolate isoquinoline alkaloids from C. impatiens.

7.
ACS Nano ; 13(9): 10049-10061, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433615

RESUMO

Li-S batteries have several advantages in terms of ultrahigh energy density and resource abundance. However, the insulating nature of S and Li2S, solubility and shuttle effects of lithium polysulfides (LiPSs), and slow interconversion between LiPSs and S/Li2S/Li2S2 are significant impediments to the commercialization of Li-S batteries. Exploration of the advanced S host skeleton simultaneously with high conductivity, adsorbability, and catalytic activity is highly desired. Herein, a heterojunction material with holey nanobelt morphology and low surface area (95 m2/g) is proposed as a compact cathode host to enable a conformal deposition of S/Li2S with homogeneous spatial distribution. The rich heterointerfaces between MoO2 and Mo3N2 nanodomains serve as job-synergistic trapping-conversion sites for polysulfides by combining the merits of conductive Mo3N2 and adsorptive MoO2. This non-carbon heterojunction substrate enables a high S loading of 75 wt % even under low surface area. The initial capacity of MoO2-Mo3N2@S reaches 1003 mAh/g with a small decay rate of 0.024% per cycle during 1000 cycles at 0.5 C. The long-term cyclability is preserved even under a high loading of 3.2 mg/cm2 with a reversible capacity of 451 mAh/g after 1000 cycles. The Li-ion diffusion coefficient for MoO2-Mo3N2@S is extremely high (up to 2.7 × 10-7 cm2/s) benefiting from LiPS conversion acceleration at heterojunctions. The affinity between LiPSs and heterojunction allows a dendrite-free Li plating at anode even after long-term cycling. Well-defined heterointerface design with job-sharing or job-synergic function appears to be a promising solution to high-performance Li-S batteries without the requirement of loose or high-surface-area carbon network structures.

8.
J Neuroinflammation ; 16(1): 168, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Functions of astrocytes in the rehabilitation after ischemic stroke, especially their impacts on inflammatory processes, remain controversial. This study uncovered two phenotypes of astrocytes, of which one was helpful, and the other harmful to anoxic neurons after brain ischemia. METHODS: We tested the levels of inflammatory factors including TNF-a, IL-6, IL-10, iNOS, IL-1beta, and CXCL10 in primary astrocytes at 0 h, 6 h, 12 h, 24 h, and 48 h after OGD, grouped the hypoxia astrocytes into iNOS-positive (iNOS(+)) and iNOS-negative (iNOS(-)) by magnetic bead sorting, and then co-cultured the two groups of cells with OGD-treated neurons for 24 h. We further verified the polarization of astrocytes in vivo by detecting the co-localization of iNOS, GFAP, and Iba-1 on MCAO brain sections. Lentivirus overexpressing LCN2 and LCN2 knockout mice (#024630. JAX, USA) were used to explore the role of LCN2 in the functional polarization of astrocytes. 7.0-T MRI scanning and the modified Neurological Severity Score (mNSS) were used to evaluate the neurological outcomes of the mice. RESULTS: After oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD), iNOS mRNA expression increased to the peak at 6 h in primary astrocytes, but keep baseline expression in LCN2-knockout astrocytes. In mice with transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO), LCN2 was proved necessary for astrocyte classical activation. In LCN2 knockout mice with MCAO, no classically activated astrocytes were detected, and smaller infarct volumes and better neurological functions were observed. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated a novel pattern of astrocyte activation after ischemic stroke and lipocalin-2 (LCN2) plays a key role in polarizing and activating astrocytes.

9.
Cytometry A ; 2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313517

RESUMO

We develop a single-mode fiber-based cytometer for the obtaining of two-dimensional (2D) light scattering patterns from static single cells. Anisotropy of the 2D light scattering patterns of single cells from ovarian cancer and normal cell lines is investigated by histograms of oriented gradients (HOG) method. By analyzing the HOG descriptors with support vector machine, an accuracy rate of 92.84% is achieved for the automatic classification of these two kinds of label-free cells. The 2D light scattering anisotropy cytometry combined with machine learning may provide a label-free, automatic method for screening of ovarian cancer cells, and other types of cells. © 2019 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry.

10.
Biosci Rep ; 39(5)2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064817

RESUMO

Background: Circulating microRNAs (miRNA) are steady preserved in blood plasma. Multiple evidences have shown that miRNAs play a crucial role in cardiovascular disease including miRNA-378, which has been illustrated to participate in diverse physiological and pathological processes of cardiovascular disease. In the present study, we aim to explore the expression of plasma miRNA-378 and its clinical significance in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods: MiRNA-378 expression in blood plasma was performed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) in 215 CAD patients and 52 matched controls of healthy populations. Medical information of all patients including the results of coronary angiography (CAG) was acquired through hospital information system (HIS). Spearman's correlation, binary linear regression, and covariance analysis were used to examine the association between miRNA-378 and relative clinical risk factors. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was applied to evaluate the value of miRNA-378 in predicting the disease severity of coronary lesion.Results: Plasma miR-378 expression was significantly down-regulated in CAD patients compared with healthy controls. Relative miR-378 level was shown conversely correlated with Gensini score, which present the severity of coronary artery lesions. Moreover, it is indicated that miR-378 expression can effectively distinguish patients with or without coronary artery stenosis.Conclusions: Plasma miR-378 levels appear to be a promising non-invasive biomarker, but require to be further validated by a large cohort study in future.

11.
Molecules ; 24(10)2019 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31108858

RESUMO

(1) Background: Rhubarb anthraquinones-a class of components with neuroprotective function-can be used to alleviate cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury. (2) Methods: The three pharmacodynamic indicators are neurological function score, brain water content, and cerebral infarction area; UPLC-MS/MS was used in pharmacokinetic studies to detect plasma concentrations at different time points, and DAS software was used to calculate pharmacokinetic parameters in a noncompartmental model. (3) Results: The results showed that the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of one of the five anthraquinone aglycones could be modified by the other four anthraquinones, and the degree of interaction between different anthraquinones was different. The chrysophanol group showed the greatest reduction in pharmacodynamic indicators comparing with other four groups where the rats were administered one of the five anthraquinones, and there was no significant difference between the nimodipine group. While the Aloe-emodin + Physcion group showed the most obvious anti-ischemic effect among the groups where the subjects were administered two of the five anthraquinones simultaneously. Emodin, rhein, chrysophanol, and physcion all increase plasma exposure levels of aloe-emodin, while aloe-emodin lower their plasma exposure levels. (4) Conclusions: This experiment provides a certain preclinical basis for the study of anthraquinone aglycones against cerebral ischemia and a theoretical basis for the study of the mechanism of interaction between anthraquinones.

12.
Cancer Nurs ; 2019 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31107701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute leukemia is the most common malignancy in childhood. Identification of symptom clusters and their influencing factors in children with acute leukemia may improve the management of symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate symptom clusters in children with acute leukemia during chemotherapy and analyze the factors influencing their severity. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 159 Chinese children with acute leukemia during chemotherapy. A demographic questionnaire and the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale 10-18 were completed by the patients and their parents. Exploratory factor analysis was used to identify symptom clusters. Univariate analyses and multiple linear regression analyses were performed to analyze the factors affecting symptom clusters. RESULTS: Six clusters were identified, including gastrointestinal cluster, emotional cluster, head-related cluster, self-image disorder cluster, skin itching/irritation cluster, and somatic cluster. Factors influencing the severity of symptom clusters included age, gender, stage of chemotherapy, and medical reimbursement. CONCLUSIONS: There are multiple symptom clusters in children with acute leukemia during chemotherapy. Medical care staff should manage symptoms from the perspective of symptom cluster and carry out personalized interventions according to factors influencing these clusters. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The ability to predict symptom clusters in children with acute leukemia undergoing chemotherapy may assist with optimal clinical decision making in order to alleviate the symptom burden and improve children's quality of life.

13.
Biomater Sci ; 7(6): 2297-2307, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050344

RESUMO

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive and clinically approved method for treating neurological disorders. However, the relatively weak intracranial electric current induced by TMS is an obvious inferiority which can only produce limited treatment effects in clinical application. The present study aimed to investigate the possibility of enhancing the effects of TMS with intravenously administrated magnetic nanoparticles. To facilitate crossing of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), the superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) were coated with carboxylated chitosan and poly(ethylene glycol). To aid the nanoparticles in crossing the BBB and targeting the predesigned brain regions, an external permanent magnet was attached to the foreheads of the rats before the intravenous administration of SPIONs. The electrophysiological tests showed that the maximum MEP amplitude recorded in an individual rat was significantly higher in the SPIONs + magnet group than in the saline group (5.78 ± 2.54 vs. 1.80 ± 1.55 mV, P = 0.015). In the M1 region, biochemical tests detected that the number density of c-fos positive cells in the SPIONs + magnet group was 3.44 fold that of the saline group. These results suggest that intravenously injected SPIONs can enhance the effects of TMS in treating neurological disorders.

14.
Gastroenterol Nurs ; 42(2): 169-178, 2019 Mar/Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30946304

RESUMO

Healthcare professionals responsible for patients with gastrointestinal diseases need a particular level of nursing knowledge and abilities to ensure excellent care. This study aims to propose a set of core competencies for the gastroenterology nursing specialists (GNS) in China. This research integrates quantitative and qualitative research methods. Literature review, semistructured interview, and the Delphi approach were used to develop the core competency items of GNS in China. SPSS 16.0 was used to analyze the data. Finally, 28 of 30 experts participated in the study resulting in a consensual list containing 7 domains (clinical nursing practice, communication and collaboration, education and counseling, critical thinking, leadership, ethical and legal practice, and professional development), 23 aspects, and 66 competencies required for GNS. The authority coefficient (Cr) of the consensus was 0.77, and the Kendall (W) value of each level of competencies all scored above 0.5. Results of the study can serve as a foundation of work performance evaluation for GNS as well as promote nurses' professional development.

15.
J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle ; 10(3): 586-600, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30969486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ageing, chronic diseases, prolonged inactivity, and inadequate nutrition pose a severe threat to skeletal muscle health and function. To date, experimental evidence suggests that ageing-related subclinical inflammation could be an important causative factor in sarcopenia. Although inflammatory signalling has been implicated in the pathogenesis of experimental animal models of sarcopenia, few studies have surveyed the clinical association between circulating factors and muscle mass in patients before and after lifestyle interventions. In this study, we evaluated whether proinflammatory cytokines are associated with the onset of sarcopenia, which circulating factors are associated with the severity of sarcopenia, and how these factors change after lifestyle interventions in sarcopenic elderly persons. METHODS: A total of 56 elderly subjects (age ≥ 60 years) with sarcopenia and 56 elderly non-sarcopenic subjects, who met entry criteria and had given informed consent, were selected from the Peking Union Medical College Hospital multicentre prospective longitudinal sarcopenia study for testing relevant circulating factors. Thirty-two elderly subjects from the sarcopenic cohort completed a 12 week intensive lifestyle intervention programme with whey supplements (30 g/day) and a personalized resistance training regimen. The levels of proinflammatory cytokines and metabolic hormones, pre-intensive and post-intensive lifestyle interventions, were measured. RESULTS: The sarcopenic group was significantly older (72.05 ± 6.54 years; P < 0.001), more likely to be inactive and female (57.1% of all sarcopenic patients), and had a higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes (16% higher risk). Compared with non-sarcopenic subjects, serum interleukin (IL)-6, IL-18, tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), and leptin were significantly higher, while insulin growth factor 1, insulin, and adiponectin were significantly lower in sarcopenic patients (all P < 0.05). Logistic regression analyses revealed that high levels of TNF-α (>11.15 pg/mL) and TWEAK (>1276.48 pg/mL) were associated with a 7.6-fold and 14.3-fold increased risk of sarcopenia, respectively. After adjustment for confounding variables, high levels of TWEAK were still associated with a 13.4-fold increased risk of sarcopenia. Intensive lifestyle interventions led to significant improvements in sarcopenic patients' muscle mass and serum profiles of TWEAK, TNF-α, IL-18, insulin, and adiponectin (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: High levels of the inflammatory cytokines TWEAK and TNF-α are associated with an increased risk of sarcopenia, while the metabolic hormones insulin growth factor 1, insulin, and adiponectin are associated with a decreased risk of sarcopenia in our Chinese patient cohort. Intensive lifestyle interventions could significantly improve muscle mass, reduce inflammation, and restore metabolic hormone levels in sarcopenic patients. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02873676.

16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(5)2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30871036

RESUMO

The NASA's Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (EPIC) on board the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) satellite has been making multiple observations of the entire sunlit Earth in a given day from the Sun-Earth Largangian L1 point since the summer of 2015. EPIC contains 10 narrow channels in the 317⁻780 nm solar spectral range. The data acquired with EPIC have already been used in a variety of scientific investigations, including the study of the global ozone levels, aerosol index and aerosol optical depth, UV reflectivity of clouds over land and ocean, cloud height over land and ocean, and vegetation indices. In this article, we report that EPIC data, particularly for the data measured with narrow channels centered near 443, 551, and 680 nm, can also have important applications in remote sensing of ocean color in different geographical regions. We have modified a version of a multi-channel atmospheric correction algorithm for Moderate Resolution Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MODIS) ocean color applications and adapted the algorithm for processing EPIC data. We present three case studies on water leaving reflectance retrievals from EPIC data acquired over a large turbid river, inland lakes, and oceans. We conclude that a future ocean color instrument on board a satellite at the L1 point, which provides continuous view of the full sunlit disk of the Earth, will complement and extend ocean color observations with the low Earth observing polar orbital and geostationary satellite instruments in both the spatial and time domains.

17.
J Biol Chem ; 294(17): 7013-7024, 2019 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30862674

RESUMO

Serine incorporator 5 (SERINC5) is a recently identified restriction factor that blocks virus entry but is antagonized by three unrelated retroviral accessory proteins. The S2 protein from equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) has been reported to reduce SERINC5 expression at steady-state levels likely via the endocytic pathway; however, the precise mechanism is still unclear. Here, we investigated how EIAV S2 protein down-regulates SERINC5 compared with down-regulation induced by Nef from HIV-1 and glycoMA proteins from murine leukemia virus (MLV). Using bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) assay and immunoprecipitation (IP), we detected an interaction between S2 and SERINC5. We found that this interaction relies on the S2 myristoylation site, indicating that it may occur on the plasma membrane. S2 internalized SERINC5 via receptor-mediated endocytosis and targeted it to endosomes and lysosomes, resulting in a ubiquitination-dependent decrease in SERINC5 expression at steady-state levels. Both BiFC and IP detected a glycoMA-SERINC5 interaction, but a Nef-SERINC5 interaction was detected only by BiFC. Moreover, S2 and glycoMA down-regulated SERINC5 more effectively than did Nef. We further show that unlike Nef, both S2 and glycoMA effectively down-regulate SERINC2 and also SERINC5 from Xenopus tropicalis (xSERINC5). Moreover, we detected expression of the equine SERINC5 (eSERINC5) protein and observed that its expression is much weaker than expression levels of SERINC5 from other species. Nonetheless, eSERINC5 had a strong antiviral activity that was effectively counteracted by S2. We conclude that HIV-1, EIAV, and MLV share a similar mechanism to antagonize viral restriction by host SERINC5.

18.
Immunity ; 50(3): 738-750.e7, 2019 03 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30770248

RESUMO

Systemic immunosuppression greatly affects the chemotherapeutic antitumor effect. Here, we showed that CD19+ extracellular vesicles (EVs) from B cells through CD39 and CD73 vesicle-incorporated proteins hydrolyzed ATP from chemotherapy-treated tumor cells into adenosine, thus impairing CD8+ T cell responses. Serum CD19+ EVs were increased in tumor-bearing mice and patients. Patients with fewer serum CD19+ EVs had a better prognosis after chemotherapy. Upregulated hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) promoted B cells to release CD19+ EVs by inducing Rab27a mRNA transcription. Rab27a or HIF-1α deficiency in B cells inhibited CD19+ EV production and improved the chemotherapeutic antitumor effect. Silencing of Rab27a in B cells by inactivated Epstein-Barr viruses carrying Rab27a siRNA greatly improved chemotherapeutic efficacy in humanized immunocompromised NOD PrkdcscidIl2rg-/- mice. Thus, decreasing CD19+ EVs holds high potential to improve the chemotherapeutic antitumor effect.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Vesículas Extracelulares/imunologia , Animais , Antígenos CD19/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Herpesvirus Humano 4/imunologia , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Células NIH 3T3 , RNA Mensageiro/imunologia , Transcrição Genética/imunologia , Proteínas rab27 de Ligação ao GTP/imunologia
19.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(3): 166, 2019 02 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30778048

RESUMO

High-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC) is the most lethal type of gynecologic malignancy. Chemoresistance is the main reason for the poor prognosis of HGSOC. PDZ-binding kinase (PBK) promotes the malignant progression of various carcinomas. However, the roles and clinical significance of PBK in HGSOC remain unclear. Here, we reported that PBK was overexpressed in HGSOC tissues and cell lines. High PBK expression was associated with a poor prognosis, metastasis, and cisplatin resistance of HGSOC. Overexpression of PBK promoted autophagy and enhanced cisplatin resistance via the ERK/mTOR signaling pathway. Further study showed that inhibition of autophagy by chloroquine or bafilomycin A1 reversed PBK-induced cisplatin resistance. Overexpression of PBK decreased ovarian cancer responsiveness to cisplatin treatment through inducing autophagy in vivo. We also demonstrated that the PBK inhibitor OTS514 augmented the growth inhibition effect of cisplatin in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, ecotropic viral integration site-1 (EVI1) could regulate PBK expression through directly targeting the PBK promoter region. In conclusion, high PBK expression was correlated with a poor prognosis, metastasis, and cisplatin resistance through promoting autophagy in HGSOC. PBK might be a promising target for the early diagnosis and individual treatment of ovarian cancer.

20.
Anal Chem ; 91(6): 3877-3884, 2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30626182

RESUMO

Neutrophil elastase (NE), a typical hematopoietic serine protease, has significant roles in inflammatory and immune responses, and thus is highly associated with various diseases such as acute lung injury (ALI) and lung cancer. Rapid and accurate measurement of NE activity in biological systems is particularly important for understanding the role of NE in inflammatory diseases, as well as clinical diagnosis. However, the specific detection and noninvasive imaging of NE in vivo remains a challenge. To address this issue, a small-molecule substrate based near-infrared fluorogenic probe (NEP) for NE was constructed via incorporating pentafluoroethyl as the recognition group with a hemicyanine dye-based fluorophore. This initially quenched probe possesses more than 25-fold red fluorescence enhancement upon the catalysis of human NE, and the detection limit is about 29.6 ng/mL. In addition, the high specificity and the long emission wavelength (λemmax = 700 nm) of NEP allowed the direct monitoring of NE-trafficking, exogenous NE uptake, and endogenous NE upregulation at the cellular level. Moreover, the successful spatiotemporal imaging of NE in ALI model mice also made it a promising new tool in clinical diagnosis for ALI and other lung diseases.

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