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1.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(9): 1020-1023, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496492

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical and molecular pathologic features of uterine inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (UIMT). Methods: Six UIMT cases collected at Department of Pathology, Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University from 2019 to 2020. They were analyzed for their general characteristics and clinicopathologic features. ALK rearrangements were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Results: The age of the six patients ranged from 14 to 65 years, the tumors ranged in size from 2.5 to 6.0 cm. The masses were intramural or submucosal in location. Most of them (4/6) were white with yellow foci, and two (2/6) were white with tan foci. Other features noted included a soft or firm appearance. The fasciitis-like pattern of UIMT had myxoid stroma around the spindle cells and inflammatory cells. The ganglion-like pattern showed either fascicular or storiform architecture with diffuse growth. Nuclear atypia was mild or moderate. Mitoses ranged from 2 to 4 per 10 high-power fields. Five tumors were ALK-positive with granular cytoplasmic staining by immunohistochemistry. ALK rearrangements were detected in five cases but was absent in one case. Conclusions: UIMT is an intermediate grade soft tissue tumor, a minority may present with extrauterine spread and/or recurrence. The tumors are composed of spindled cells. The main differentials include smooth muscle tumors and endometrial stromal tumors and their morphology may overlap with that of UIMT. Immunohistochemical positivity for ALK or FISH testing for ALK rearrangements can help in the diagnosis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/genética , China , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/genética , Adulto Jovem
2.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(6): 447-453, 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098694

RESUMO

Objective: To developed an image analysis system of anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) examination results based on deep learning technology, and to evaluate its effect in identifying various types of corneal pathologies and quantified indices. Methods: A total of 4 026 patients (5 617 eyes), including 1 977 males and 2 049 females, aged (45±23) years, were enrolled in Qingdao Eye Hospital from January 2011 to August 2019. The AS-OCT images were used as a training dataset, which were labeled with location information of 16 corneal pathologies (including corneal epithelial defect, corneal epithelial thickening, corneal thinning and so on) by clinical experts, as well as the tissue stratification of the corneal epithelium and stroma. The labeled AS-OCT images were used to train the corneal pathology detection model and corneal stratification model based on deep convolutional neural network algorithm. Then 1 709 AS-OCT images of the affected eyes were collected as a validation dataset. Compared with the artificial labeling results, the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity were evaluated in the corneal pathology detection model, and the overlapping rate (Dice coefficient) between the labeled area of the model and the artificial labeling area was used to evaluate the corneal stratification model. Results: The results of 5 617 training sets showed that there were 1 472 cases of corneal epithelial defect, 2 416 cases of corneal epithelial thickening, 2 001 cases of corneal thinning, 780 cases of corneal lordosis, 2 064 cases of corneal thickening, 358 cases of subepithelial blisters, 486 cases of subepithelial opacity, 1 010 cases of corneal ulcer, 3 635 cases of stromal opacity, 1 060 cases of posterior elastic layer fold, 137 cases of posterior elastic layer detachment, 665 cases of keratic precipitate, 176 cases of corneal perforation, 127 cases of corneal foreign body, 299 cases of after lamellar keratoplasty (LKP) and 234 cases of after penetrating keratoplasty (PKP). Among 1 709 images, 1 596 were manually labeled. The average sensitivity and specificity of the corneal pathology detection model were 96.5% and 96.1% compared with the results of manual labeling. Fifteen samples were missed for detection, and the rate was 0.93%. The average Dice coefficients of the corneal stratification model for the corneal epithelium and stroma were 0.985 and 0.917, respectively. Conclusions: Our artificial intelligence-based diagnosis system with AS-OCT is able to give quantified information and location information of corneal lesions with high accuracy, which can help ophthalmologists improve the efficiency and accuracy of diagnosis. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 447-453).


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Ceratocone , Inteligência Artificial , Feminino , Humanos , Ceratocone/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
3.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 220-224, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34142484

RESUMO

Abstract: Objective To explore the application value of automatic nucleic acid extractor combined with vacuum concentrator in forensic DNA extraction. Methods Gradient samples of human peripheral venous blood were collected at 40, 80, 120, 160, 200, 240, 280 and 320 fold dilution. The samples of each gradient were treated with no inhibitor, black oil, rust, fruit acid, tin foil and indigo, respectively. The automatic nucleic acid extractor was used for DNA purification and extraction of the above samples. The extracted DNA eluent (6 µL) was taken for amplification directly, and the rest was concentrated by vacuum concentrator. DNA was amplified and examined using the Investigator 26plex QS kit before and after concentration. Results Only gradient samples treated with fruit acid obtained complete STR typing results at 40 fold dilution. The other 5 methods obtained complete STR typing results at 40-160 fold dilution. The results of STR typing after DNA concentration showed that the average peak height and detection rates of gene loci both increased to a certain extent, but the effect was not obvious. Conclusion The automatic nucleic acid extractor has an efficient inhibitor removal ability and high extracting efficiency of DNA. The vacuum concentrator can concentrate DNA samples to a certain extent. Combining the automatic nucleic acid extractor with the vacuum concentrator can improve the examination success rate of forensic materials.


Assuntos
Impressões Digitais de DNA , Ácidos Nucleicos , DNA/genética , Humanos , Repetições de Microssatélites , Vácuo
4.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 489-494, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102823

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the predictive value of lactate concentration within 1 h after admission combined with lactate clearance rate (LC) at 6 h after fluid resuscitation in prognosis of neonatal septic shock. Methods: In this retrospective study, 58 newborns with septic shock admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Xi'an Children's Hospital,Xi'an Jiao Tong University from June 2016 to March 2020 were enrolled. According to the mortality within 60 days after admission,which was also set as the end point, the patients were divided into death group and survival group. The general demographic data and clinical variables including blood cell counts, procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, D-dimer, serum creatinine, and lactate concentration within 1 h after admission (Lac1) and at 6 h after fluid resuscitation (Lac2) were collected. The differences in the clinical variables between the survival and death group were compared by independent sample t test or Rank-Sum test, and the risk factors of poor prognosis were analyzed by binary Logistic regression. The predictive values of these risk factors were tested by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Furthermore, the cut-off of the risk factors were used to analyze the accumulative survival rate by Kaplan-Meier curve. Results: A total of 58 neonates were enrolled, among whom 24 survived and 34 died within 60 days after admission. The rate of premature rupture of membranes in the death group was higher than that in the survival group (41% (14/34) vs.13%(3/24), P=0.021). There were also significant differences in infection site, pathogenic characteristics, total fluid volume of resuscitation, vasoactive drug index, rate and complications of mechanical ventilation between the two groups (all P<0.05). The levels of Lac1, Lac2, procalcitonin, D-dimer and serum creatinine in the death group were higher than those in the survival group ((12±6) vs. (7±4) mmol/L, (14±6) vs. (4±2) mmol/L, (59±23) vs.(24±14) ng/L, (24±11) vs.(11±6) mg/L, (167±31) vs.(92±23) µmol/L, t=3.549, 3.112, 3.859, 4.499, 3.288, all P<0.05). While the blood pressure and LC at 6 h after fluid resuscitation were lower than those in the survival group ((41±12) vs. (52±5) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), t =4.230;-16 (-40, 20) % vs. 40 (18, 70) %, Z= 3.558, all P<0.05). Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that LC was negatively associated with the risk of death in neonates with septic shock (odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.679 (0.662-0.999), P<0.05), while Lac1 was the risk factor and positively associated with the risk of death (OR and 95% CI: 1.203 (0.965-1.500), P<0.05). Furthermore, the predictive values of LC, Lac1 and the combination of these two variables in the prognosis of neonatal septic shock were analyzed by ROC curve analysis, and the area under the curve (AUC) were 0.699, 0.875, 0.965, respectively, with the sensitivity of 83.32%, 89.65% and 94.31%, and the specificity of 72.52%, 77.18% and 88.76%, respectively. According to the cut-off value of Lac1, the newborns with Lac1>4 mmol/L had significantly lower accumulative survival rate than those with Lac1≤4 mmol/L by Kaplan-Meier analysis (21% (8/38) vs. 80% (16/20), χ²=54.520, P<0.05). According to the cut-off value of LC, the newborns with LC ≤ 10% had significantly lower accumulative survival rate than those with LC>10% by Kaplan-Meier analysis (19% (6/32) vs. 69% (18/26), χ²=14.140, P<0.05). Conclusion: The combination of lactate concentration and lactate clearance rate have an optimal predictive value in the prognosis of neonatal septic shock.


Assuntos
Choque Séptico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Ácido Láctico , Pró-Calcitonina , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548941

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the correlation between Notch pathway expression in nasal polyps and Treg percentage and Eos infiltration. Methods: Patients with chronic sinusitis and simple nasal septum deviation who received nasal endoscopic surgery in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University between November 2012 and August 2018 were selected and enrolled in CRS group and control group respectively. Nasal mucosa tissues were collected from 30 CRSsNP patients (14 males and 16 females aged from 18 to 63), 58 CRSwNP patients (38 males and 20 females aged from 18 to 65) and 29 patients (19 males and 10 females aged from 20 to 57), who underwent nasal endoscopic surgery for correction of simple nasal septum deviation. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the infiltration of eosinophilic granulocytes in the tissues and to classify chronic sinusitis with polyps (CRSwNP) into eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (Eos-CRSwNP)and non-eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (Eos-CRSwNP). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of Notch pathway receptors (Notch-l, 2, 3, 4) and their ligands (Jagded-l, Jagded-2, Delta-l, Delta-3and Delta-4) in the nasal mucosa of each group, as well as the expression of Th2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5, IL-13), eosinophilic cationic protein (ECP)and the key transcription factor Foxp3 in Treg cells. Finally, flow cytometry was used to detect CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ Treg cells in nasal mucosa of each group. Results: Compared with controls, the expression of Th2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5, IL-13) in CRSsNP and non-Eos-CRSwNP patients was the highest in Eos-CRSwNP (F=16.930,9.197,9.116, all P<0.05). Foxp3 had the lowest expression in Eos-CRSwNP patients and was lower than non-Eos-CRSwNP patients (F=2.780,P<0.05), and was negatively correlated with ECP (r=-0.326,P<0.05). Compared with controls, Eos-CRSwNP patients in CRSsNP patients and non-Eos-CRSwNP patients exhibited a significantly lower frequency of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+Treg cells (F=13.140, all P<0.01). The expression of Notch-l and Jagged-l in Eos-CRSwNP was significantly higher than that of the controls, CRSsNP patients and non-Eos-CRSwNP patients (F=5.953/F=6.380, P<0.05). In the nasal polyp group, the expression of Notch-l and Jagged-l showed significantly negative correlation with Foxp3 (r=-0.611/-0.346, all P<0.05), and positive correlation with Th2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5, IL-13) and ECP, respectively (r=0.781/0.459,0.621/0.601,0.605/0.490,0.464/0.668, all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the expression of receptor and ligand of the other Notch pathway among the groups. Conclusion: Abnormal activation of Notch-l/Jagged-l pathway may be involved in decreasing Treg ratio in Eos-CRSwNP, thereby promoting Th2 inflammatory response and Eosinophil infiltration.

7.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(12): 1300-1304, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33287517

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the pathologic findings from biopsy samples to predict the status of nodal metastasis for patients with usual cervical adenocarcinoma. Methods: The 32-pair samples of cervical adenocarcinoma specimens (32 cervical biopsies and 32 hysterectomies with staging) from 2013 to 2019 were selected for retrospective study in Shanghai first Maternal and infant Health Care Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University. The correlation between histopathologic features including necrotic tumor debris (NTD), nuclear grade, mitotic count and pattern-based classification system and the status of lymph node metastasis was evaluated. Results: Tumor invasive patterns of cervical adenocarcinoma, as described previously, could be discerned in hysterectomy/staging specimens, but not in cervical biopsies. Because the biopsy tissues were small, only 14(14/32, 43.8%) cases could be classified according to pattern of invasion, and the concordance rate with resected specimens was 37.5%. NTD (9/19) and grade 3 nuclei (11/19) were positively correlated with invasive pattern C and nodal metastases (P<0.05). Moreover, when NTD and (or) nuclear grade were evaluated at the same time, the sensitivity for type C infiltration was higher. Conclusions: Evaluation of NTD and nuclear grade in biopsies for cervical adenocarcinoma provides good predictive value for lymph node metastasis. It is helpful for patient stratification and management andto avoid unnecessary staging procedures. However, multicenter studies and prospective clinical trials are necessary to confirm the findings before clinical application can be considered.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Biópsia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Opt Express ; 27(7): 9330-9342, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045086

RESUMO

Based on the theories of quantum weak measurement, we built a set of linear common-path optical weak measurement systems in frequency domain for detecting chiral molecules. The polarization resolution with this system to detect the optical rotation of chirality molecules is nearly two orders of magnitude higher than that of conventional polarizers. Combined with ultraviolet spectroscopy, the purity of the proline enantiomers mixture was detected. The purity resolution can reach to 0.14%, which is comparable to the liquid chromatography. Weak measurement combined with ultraviolet spectroscopy to non-separatedly detect the purity of chiral enantiomers has great application potential in the pharmaceutical industry.

11.
Dis Esophagus ; 32(7)2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30496378

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate advantages of robot-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (RAMIE) over video-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (VAMIE) in treating esophageal squamous cell carcinoma by applying propensity score-matched analysis. From April 2016 to January 2018, consecutive patients undergoing a McKeown RAMIE or VAMIE for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were prospectively included for analysis. Baseline data, pathological findings, and short-term outcomes of the two groups (RAMIE group and VAMIE group) were collected and compared. Propensity score-matched analysis was applied to generate matched pairs for further comparison. Finally, we included a total of 151 patients (RAMIE group: 79 patients, VAMIE group: 72 patients) for analysis. In the analysis of unmatched cohort, RAMIE yielded a significantly larger number of total dissected lymph nodes (mean: 20.6 ± 8.8 vs. 17.9 ± 7.7; P = 0.048) and abdominal lymph nodes (mean: 9.5 ± 6.8 vs. 7.4 ± 5.1; P = 0.039) than VAMIE. However, there was no significantly different risk of major complications between the two groups. In the analysis of matched cohort, RAMIE still yielded a significantly larger number of total dissected lymph nodes (P = 0.006) and abdominal lymph nodes (P = 0.042) than VAMIE. There was still no increased risk of postoperative major complications in the RAMIE group compared to the VAMIE group. Moreover, RAMIE was found to yield significantly more left recurrent laryngeal nerve lymph nodes (mean: 1.0 ± 1.8 vs. 0.4 ± 0.8; P = 0.033) than VAMIE without increasing the risk of recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis. Therefore, RAMIE may have the advantage of lymphadenectomy over VAMIE without increasing any risk of postoperative major complications. Further well-conducted studies, however, are needed to confirm our conclusions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/métodos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Cirurgia Vídeoassistida , Abdome , Idoso , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/secundário , Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Nervo Laríngeo Recorrente , Traumatismos do Nervo Laríngeo Recorrente/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Cirurgia Vídeoassistida/efeitos adversos
13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 22(6): 1638-1644, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29630106

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between the change of immune system function before and after the treatment of malignant obstructive type jaundice (MOJ) treated with a biliary stent. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 148 patients who were admitted to the Department of Digestive System for malignant obstructive jaundice were selected according to the standardized criterion. Amongst the total sample size, 78 were male patients and 70 were female patients, with an average age of (43.6 ± 5.5) years. After admission, the patients completed the blood routine examination and received biliary stent treatment to relieve the sign and symptoms of jaundice. Follow-up observation included total white blood cells, CD4+T cell count, CD8+T cell count, the ratio of CD4+/CD8, neutrophil counts neutrophils percentage, total bilirubin, free bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and inflammatory factors. RESULTS: After three weeks of follow-up visit, CD4+T lymphocyte absolute value of patients markedly increased compared with that of pre-operation, and the difference had statistical significance (p < 0.05). The total bilirubin, free bilirubin, ALT, and inflammatory factors, such as hs-CRP, TNF-α in plasma of patients was significantly lower than that before the operation and the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). After six weeks of follow-up visit, the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ increased and the difference had statistical significance (p < 0.05) compared with that before biliary stent implantation. However, the white blood cell and neutrophil granulocyte did not improve significantly. It was found that CD4+/CD8+T lymphocyte had relation with the level of hs-CRP. CONCLUSIONS: The patients with the (MOJ) treated with implanted biliary stent revealed relive in the obstruction of the biliary tract, which will further significantly improve the cholestasis. The ratio of CD4+/CD8+T lymphocyte increased, which will improve the immune system function of the patients, decreases the possibility of infection, and improves the overall survival quality.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar , Colestase/cirurgia , Sistema Imunitário/fisiologia , Icterícia Obstrutiva/cirurgia , Stents , Adulto , Idoso , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Bilirrubina/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Relação CD4-CD8 , Colestase/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Icterícia Obstrutiva/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
14.
Dis Esophagus ; 31(8)2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29538633

RESUMO

Whether the robot-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (RAMIE) has any advantages over the video-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (VAMIE) remains controversial. In this study, we tried to compare the short-term outcomes of RAMIE with that of VAMIE in treating middle thoracic esophageal cancer from a single medical center. Consecutive patients undergoing RAMIE or VAMIE for middle thoracic esophageal cancer from April 2016 to April 2017 were prospectively included for analysis. Baseline data and pathological findings as well as short-term outcomes of these two group (RAMIE group and VAMIE group) patients were collected and compared. A total of 84 patients (RAMIE group: 42 patients; VAMIE group: 42 patients) were included for analysis. The baseline characteristics between the two groups were comparable. RAMIE yielded significantly larger numbers of total dissected lymph nodes (21.9 and 17.8, respectively; P = 0.042) and the right recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) lymph nodes (2.1 and 1.2, respectively; P = 0.033) as well as abdominal lymph nodes (10.8 and 7.7, respectively; P = 0.041) than VAMIE. Even though RAMIE may consume more overall operation time, it could significantly decrease total blood loss compared to VAMIE (97 and 161 mL, respectively; P = 0.015). Postoperatively, no difference of the risk of major complications or hospital stay was observed between the two groups. In conclusion, RAMIE had significant advantage of lymphadenectomy especially for dissecting RLN lymph nodes over VAMIE with a comparable rate of postoperative complications. Further randomized controlled trials are badly needed to confirm and update our conclusions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Cirurgia Vídeoassistida/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Esôfago/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Cirurgia Vídeoassistida/efeitos adversos
15.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(2): 97-104, 2018 Feb 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29429293

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of modified deep lamellar keratoplasty (DLKP) combined with antiviral medications for severe herpes necrotizing stromal keratitis. Methods: Retrospective case series study. Modified DLKP was performed in combination with antiviral medications in fifty patients (50 eyes) with severe necrotizing stromal keratitis, which was unresponsive to systemic and topical antiviral treatment for 1 week, at Shandong Eye Hospital. Before surgery, the operated eyes were examined using slit-lamp microscopy. The size of corneal ulceration and inflammatory infiltration and the depth of ulceration were observed in all of the patients. Corneal scraping and microbial culture and confocal laser scanning microscopy were used to exclude fungal, bacterial, Acanthamoeba, or other infections, and check the number of corneal endothelial cells. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography was used to examine the depth of infiltration, especially the thickness of the remaining cornea below the deepest ulceration. Antiviral drugs were used topically and systemically to control the infection and inflammation. Postoperatively, both antiviral drugs and low-dose corticosteroids were used. The ocular inflammation, corneal graft status and viral recurrence were monitored intraoperatively and postoperatively. Results: All of the fifty patients showed obvious inflammatory infiltration and stromal ulcers, and the corneal stroma in 23 patients (46%) remained less than 1/5 of the corneal thickness. Nine (18%) of the patients presented with descemetocele. The depth of infiltration ranged from 128 µm to 519 µm [mean, (265±84) µm]. The depth of corneal ulcers was deeper than 2/3 of the corneal thickness in 36 eyes (72%). The endothelial cells were visible in 26 eyes. The density of endothelial cells ranged from 1 275 cells/mm(2) to 2 994 cells/mm(2) [mean, (2 053±507) cells/mm(2)]. No fungal or bacterial infection was detected by corneal scraping. The microbial culture results were negative. All the inflammations in patients with severe herpes necrotizing stromal keratitis were under control by DLKP. No intraoperative corneal perforation occurred, and 6 eyes (12%) healed following amniotic membrane transplantation due to slow corneal epithelial healing. The infection was exacerbated two days following the surgery in two eyes (4%). These infections were controlled with enhanced antiviral medications in addition to the immediate withdrawal of corticosteroids. The corneal grafts returned to transparency at 1-2 weeks in 42 eyes (84%). Ten eyes (20%) exhibited recurrence due to medication withdrawal without the doctors' advice and a lack of regular visit during 2-year follow-up. Two patients (4%) developed stromal graft rejection for the same reasons. Conclusions: DLKP can achieve the results of ulcer healing for severe herpes necrotizing stromal keratitis. Combined antiviral therapy and close follow-up can reduce the viral recurrence. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2018, 54: 97-104).


Assuntos
Antivirais , Transplante de Córnea , Ceratite Herpética , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Ceratite Herpética/terapia , Necrose , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acuidade Visual
16.
Mol Psychiatry ; 23(3): 597-608, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28439098

RESUMO

Several preclinical studies have reported the rapid antidepressant effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antagonists, although the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Death-associated protein kinase 1 (DAPK1) couples GluN2B subunits at extrasynaptic sites to regulate NMDAR channel conductance. In the present study, we found that chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) induced extracellular glutamate accumulation, accompanied by an increase in the DAPK1-NMDAR interaction, the high expression of DAPK1 and phosphorylated GluN2B at Ser1303, a decrease in phosphorylated DAPK1 at Ser308 and synaptic protein deficits in the rat medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). CUS also enhanced GluN2B-mediated NMDA currents and extrasynaptic responses that were induced by bursts of high-frequency stimulation, which may be associated with the loss of astrocytes and low expression of glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1). The blockade of GLT-1 in the mPFC was sufficient to induce depressive-like behavior and cause similar molecular changes. Selective GluN2B antagonist, DAPK1 knockdown by adeno-associated virus-mediated short-hairpin RNA or a pharmacological inhibitor, and the uncoupling of DAPK1 from the NMDAR GluN2B subunit produced rapid antidepressant-like effects and reversed CUS-induced alterations in the mPFC. The inhibition of DAPK1 and its interaction with GluN2B subunit in the mPFC also rescued CUS-induced depressive-like behavior 7 days after treatment. A selective GluN2B antagonist did not have rewarding effects in the conditioned place preference paradigm. Altogether, our findings suggest that the DAPK1 interaction with the NMDAR GluN2B subunit acts as a critical component in the pathophysiology of depression and is a potential target for new antidepressant treatments.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Associadas com Morte Celular/metabolismo , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo , Animais , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Doença Crônica , Depressão/fisiopatologia , Transtorno Depressivo/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Antagonistas de Aminoácidos Excitatórios/uso terapêutico , Ácido Glutâmico/metabolismo , Masculino , Fosforilação , Córtex Pré-Frontal/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/antagonistas & inibidores , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo
17.
Opt Express ; 26(25): 33044-33056, 2018 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30645462

RESUMO

The detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from peripheral blood is considered as great significance for the diagnosis and prognosis of cancer patients. Raman spectroscopy is a highly sensitive optical detection technique that can provide fingerprint molecular identification information. In this paper, the silver film substrate surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) was used to research several tumor cells, immortalized cells, clinical cancer cells isolated from cancer patient's tissue and blood cells. The results display that there is great difference for the nucleic acid characteristic peaks of those cells. The red blood cells have almost none nucleic acid characteristic peak and the SERS signals of white blood cells are only a slight increase. Except for immortalized cells and few tumor cells, the nucleic acid characteristic peaks of some tumor cells have huge enhancement. Nucleic acid characteristic peaks of clinical cancer cells also have greater enhancement. The discriminant model established by the intensity ratio of the nucleic acid characteristic peak 730 cm-1 to the substrate background peak 900 cm-1 shows that some tumor cells and clinical sample cells can be separated from white blood cells, but tumor cells with relatively low-DNA index cannot be differentiated from white blood cells. This study demonstrates that thin-film SERS technology can distinguish between blood cells and some types of tumor cells. This study opens up a new possible method for the detection of CTCs with label-free SERS spectra.


Assuntos
Células Sanguíneas/metabolismo , Prata/química , Análise Espectral Raman , Coloração e Rotulagem , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Leucócitos/metabolismo
18.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 21(4 Suppl): 90-94, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29165757

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We studied the clinical effects of ascending colon patching ileorectal heart-shaped anastomosis in treating total colonic aganglionosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From June 2006 to June 2013, 15 children with severe abdominal distension, low small intestine obstruction and intestinal perforation in the neonatal period, were enrolled in this study. In phase I, patients received emergency terminal ileum stoma plus multi-site colonic biopsy and 6 to 12 months later, ascending colon patching ileorectal heart-shaped anastomosis was conducted in phase II. The occurrence of postoperative complications was recorded. Patients' defecation and anal manometry during the follow-up period were monitored and recorded. All operations were successful, and the average hospitalization time was 10.5 days, and the average amount of bleeding was 30 mL. RESULTS: There were 2 cases of enterocolitis, but no intestinal anastomotic leakage, no incision infection, no anal stenosis and no mortality. Postoperative follow-up lasted for 1 to 2 years with an average of 1.2 years. Perianal redness and erosion occurred in an early stage after the operation, but disappeared after 6 months. Postoperative defecation frequency was about 6 to 9 times, but after 2 years this frequency reduced to 2 to 3 times. Feces transformed from watery into soft forms. Normal results were obtained in the detection of serum K+, Na+, Cl-, HCO3-, hemoglobin, albumin and globulin levels in postoperative follow-up. Rectal rest pressure and anal canal rest pressure after a radical operation on megacolon were significantly lower than those of before operation (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Ascending colon patching ileorectal heart-shaped anastomosis preserved right hemicolon with relatively good absorptive capability and complied with the physiology of colon. Meanwhile, the ileorectal heart-shaped anastomosis was conducted. The anastomotic stoma was in an oblique heart shape, and its aperture was wide and in different planes without stenosis, blind bag and gate syndrome. We concluded that ascending colon patching ileorectal heart-shaped anastomosis was an effective and feasible method for the radical operation on total colonic aganglionosis.


Assuntos
Colo Ascendente/cirurgia , Doença de Hirschsprung/cirurgia , Canal Anal/fisiologia , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Biomarcadores/sangue , Criança , Colo Ascendente/patologia , Feminino , Doença de Hirschsprung/complicações , Doença de Hirschsprung/diagnóstico , Humanos , Íleo/patologia , Íleo/cirurgia , Lactente , Obstrução Intestinal/complicações , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 21(4 Suppl): 13-19, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29165771

RESUMO

Ependymomas are childhood brain tumors that occur throughout the central nervous system, but are most common in the hindbrain, also known as the posterior fossa (PF). Current standard therapy comprises maximal safe surgery, and there is no scope for further increase in survival. Despite the histological similarity, ependymomas from throughout the neuroaxis likely comprise multiple independent entities, each with a distinct molecular pathogenesis. The present review article would discuss both genetics and epigenetics of ependymomas.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Ependimoma/genética , Epigênese Genética , Criança , Humanos
20.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 39(11): 821-827, 2017 Nov 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29151288

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the value of (18)F-FDG PET-CT in predicting the malignant potential of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST). Methods: The clinical and pathological features of 31 patients with GIST confirmed by surgery or biopsy were retrospectively analyzed. The malignant potential of GIST before treatment was assessed by (18)F-FDG PET-CT. The GIST risk classification was graded according to the Standard revised by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in 2008. The relationship between the maximal standard uptake value (SUVmax) and GIST risk classification, tumor diameter, Ki-67 index, and mitotic count were analyzed respectively. The cut-off level of SUVmax for the diagnosis of malignant GIST was calculated from the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: Among the 31 cases of GIST patients, 14 cases were gastric primary (stomach group) and 17 cases were nongastric primary (outside stomach group). The SUVmax, tumor diameter, Ki-67 index and mitotic count of the 31 patients were 8.21±4.68, (7.82±5.12)cm, (10.03±11.07)% and (12.29±10.55)/50 HPF, respectively. SUVmax was significantly correlated with GIST risk classification (r=0.727, P<0.01), but not with tumor diameter, Ki-67 index and mitotic count (r=0.348, r=0.284, r=0.290, P=0.055, P=0.121, P=0.114). The SUVmax, tumor diameter, Ki-67 index and mitotic count in the stomach group were 4.36±2.36, (6.08±4.31)cm, (3.43±3.03)% and (5.71±2.20)/50 HPF, respectively. SUVmax was significantly correlated with tumor diameter, GIST risk classification and Ki-67 index (r=0.682, r=0.868, r=0.732, P<0.01) but not with mitotic count (r=0.510, P=0.063). The SUVmax of the GIST in the gastric group and the outside gastric group were 4.36±2.36 and 10.68±5.50, respectively. The difference was statistically significant (P=0.001). The SUVmax in the malignant group of GIST (middle or high risk grade) was 8.90±4.89, which was significantly higher than 2.22±0.86 in the benign group (low or very low risk grade). The difference was statistically significant between the two group (P<0.01). ROC curve analysis showed that a SUVmax cut-off of 3.75 was the most sensitive for predicting malignant GIST. When the area under the curve of 0.969, the sensitivity was 84.6% and the specificity was 100%. Conclusions: The SUVmax was strongly correlated with the GIST risk category and also with the tumor diameter and Ki-67 index in the gastric primary GIST, so it can be used as an effective indicator in predicting malignant potential of GIST before treatment.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/farmacocinética , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/metabolismo , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Masculino , Índice Mitótico , Curva ROC , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/farmacocinética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Carga Tumoral
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