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1.
J Biol Chem ; 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075910

RESUMO

Parkinson disease autosomal recessive, early onset 7 (PARK7 or DJ-1) is involved in multiple physiological processes and exerts anti-apoptotic effects on multiple cell types. Increased intestinal epithelial cell (IEC) apoptosis and excessive activation of the p53 signaling pathway is a hallmark of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). However, whether DJ-1 plays a role in colitis is unclear. To determine whether DJ-1 deficiency is involved in the p53 activation that results in IEC apoptosis in colitis, here we performed immunostaining, real-time PCR, and immunoblotting analyses to assess DJ-1 expression in human UC and CD samples. In the inflamed intestines of individuals with IBD, DJ-1 expression was decreased and negatively correlated with p53 expression. DJ-1 deficiency significantly aggravated colitis, evidenced by increased intestinal inflammation and exacerbated IEC apoptosis. Moreover, DJ-1 directly interacted with p53, and reduced DJ-1 levels increased p53 levels both in vivo and in vitro and were associated with decreased p53 degradation via the lysosomal pathway. We also induced experimental colitis with dextran sulfate sodium in mice and found that compared with DJ-1-/- mice, DJ-1-/-p53-/- mice have reduced apoptosis and inflammation and increased epithelial barrier integrity. Furthermore, pharmacological inhibition of p53 relieved inflammation in the DJ-1-/- mice. In conclusion, reduced DJ-1 expression promotes inflammation and IEC apoptosis via p53 in colitis, suggesting that the modulation of DJ-1 expression may be a potential therapeutic strategy for managing colitis.

2.
Life Sci ; : 117424, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057900

RESUMO

AIMS: Dysfunction of the Hippo-Yes-Associated Protein (YAP) signaling pathway is known to be associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Evodiamine (Evo), a plant-derived bioactive alkaloid, exerts inhibitory effects on cancer. However, the precise influence of Evo on HCC and its potential effects on Hippo-YAP signaling have yet to be ascertained. Here, the effects of Evo on cell proliferation and apoptosis were evaluated using HCC cell lines (HepG2 and Bel-7402) and nude mice with xenograft tumors. We further investigated whether Evo exerts anti-HCC activity through effects on Hippo-YAP signaling in vitro with the aid of XMU-MP-1, an inhibitor of the key component of this pathway, mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1/2. MAIN METHODS: Cell proliferation and apoptosis were assessed using 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine staining, colony formation, flow cytometry, hematoxylin-eosin and dUTP nick-end labeling experiments. Bioinformatics and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) arrays were performed to determine the associations among Evo, HCC progression and the Hippo-YAP pathway. The expression patterns of components of Hippo-YAP signaling and apoptotic genes were further examined via RT-qPCR and immunoblotting. KEY FINDINGS: Evo inhibited proliferation and promoted apoptosis of HCC cell lines in vitro, and attenuated xenograft tumor formation in nude mice in vivo. Mechanistically, Evo treatment stimulated the Hippo-YAP signaling pathway. In vitro, the effects of Evo on HCC cell proliferation and apoptosis were alleviated by XMU-MP-1. SIGNIFICANCE: Our collective results revealed that the anti-HCC effects of Evo were correlated with the Hippo-YAP signaling pathway.

3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031793

RESUMO

Monosaccharides play important roles in plant growth and development, and their biofunctions are closely related to their endogenous contents. Therefore, the determination of monosaccharides is beneficial for the further study of monosaccharide biofunction. In this work, we developed a liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analytical method assisted by a post-column derivatization technique (LC-PCD-MS) for the fast and automatic determination of 16 monosaccharides in samples. Post-column chemical derivatization of monosaccharides was performed by a reaction of monosaccharides with 4-benzylaminobenzeneboronic acid (4-PAMBA) through boronate ester formation in a three-way connector. 4-PAMBA worked as a derivatization reagent to improve the selectivity and sensitivity of monosaccharide detection by MS. The developed LC-PCD-MS method integrates LC separation, chemical derivatization, and MS detection in one run, thus greatly reducing the analysis time for each sample. The limits of detection and limits of quantification for 16 monosaccharides were in the range of 0.002-0.1 and 0.007-0.5 ng/mL, respectively. Good linearity was obtained from the linear regression, with a determination coefficient (R2) ranging from 0.9928 to 1.0000. The relative recoveries were in the range of 80.7-117.8%, with the intra- and interday relative standard deviations less than 19.7 and 16.5%, respectively, indicating good accuracy and acceptable reproducibility of the method. Finally, the method was successfully applied to investigate the spatial and temporal distribution of 16 monosaccharides in the developing flower and germinating seed of Arabidopsis thaliana.

4.
Mil Med Res ; 7(1): 4, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029004

RESUMO

In December 2019, a new type viral pneumonia cases occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province; and then named "2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)" by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 12 January 2020. For it is a never been experienced respiratory disease before and with infection ability widely and quickly, it attracted the world's attention but without treatment and control manual. For the request from frontline clinicians and public health professionals of 2019-nCoV infected pneumonia management, an evidence-based guideline urgently needs to be developed. Therefore, we drafted this guideline according to the rapid advice guidelines methodology and general rules of WHO guideline development; we also added the first-hand management data of Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University. This guideline includes the guideline methodology, epidemiological characteristics, disease screening and population prevention, diagnosis, treatment and control (including traditional Chinese Medicine), nosocomial infection prevention and control, and disease nursing of the 2019-nCoV. Moreover, we also provide a whole process of a successful treatment case of the severe 2019-nCoV infected pneumonia and experience and lessons of hospital rescue for 2019-nCoV infections. This rapid advice guideline is suitable for the first frontline doctors and nurses, managers of hospitals and healthcare sections, community residents, public health persons, relevant researchers, and all person who are interested in the 2019-nCoV.

5.
Cancer Lett ; 475: 109-118, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004572

RESUMO

ID1 is an oncogenic factor in cancer, but its role in relation to drug sensitivity is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the role of ID1 in drug sensitivity in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). ID1 overexpression in NSCLC cells harboring either EGFR or KRAS mutation was performed and the sensitivity of NSCLC to gefitinib (ZD1839) was measured. A murine orthotopic lung carcinoma model with or without stable ID1 overexpression was developed and treated with gefitinib. Transcriptomic and bioinformatics analyses showed that ID1 overexpression promoted inflammation-related cell death but not apoptosis in gefitinib-treated NSCLC cells. ID1 induced necroptosis by triggering activation of RIP1/RIP3/MLKL pathways. Protein kinase array further suggested that ID1 overexpression maintains Akt activity in gefitinib-treated NSCLC cells, which in turn upregulated FLICE-like inhibitory protein to dissociate the caspase-8-RIP1 complex. The association of RIP1 and RIP3 further activated necroptotic cell death in gefitinib-treated NSCLC. In conclusion, ID1 overexpression in NSCLC induced cellular sensitivity to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors, regardless of the mutational status of NSCLC. The results may provide scientific evidence for optimizing the treatment outcomes of gefitinib for NSCLC patients.

6.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31993591

RESUMO

Herein, a synergistic strategy to construct hierarchical NiMoO4@Co3V2O8 (denoted as NMO@CVO) hybrid nanorod/nanosphere clusters is proposed for the first time, where Co3V2O8 nanospheres (denoted as CVO) have been uniformly immobilized on the surface of the NiMoO4 nanorods (denoted as NMO) via a facile two-step hydrothermal method. Due to the surface recombination effect between NMO and CVO, the as-prepared NMO@CVO effectively avoids the aggregation of CVO nanosphere clusters. The unique hybrid architecture can make the most of the large interfacial area and abundant active sites for storing charge, which is greatly beneficial for the rapid diffusion of electrolyte ions and fast electron transport. The optimized NMO@CVO-8 composite nanostructure displays battery-like behavior with a maximum specific capacity of 357 C g-1, excellent rate capability (77.8% retention with the current density increasing by 10 times) and remarkable cycling stability. In addition, an aqueous asymmetric energy storage device is assembled based on the NMO@CVO-8 hybrid nanorod/nanosphere clusters and activated carbon. The device shows an ultrahigh energy density of 48.5 W h kg-1 at a power density of 839.1 W kg-1, good rate capability (20.9 W h kg-1 even at 7833.7 W kg-1) and excellent cycling stability (83.5% capacitance retention after 5000 cycles). More notably, two charged devices in series can light up a red light-emitting diode (LED) for 20 min, demonstrating its potential in future energy storage applications. This work indicates that the hierarchical NiMoO4@Co3V2O8-8 hybrid nanorod/nanosphere clusters are promising energy storage materials for future practical applications and also provides a rational strategy for fabricating novel nanostructured materials for high-performance energy storage.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909706

RESUMO

A novel bacterium, XHU 5135T, belonging to the genus Aidingimonas, was isolated from a salt lake sample collected in Xinjiang Province, north-west PR China. The isolate was Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped and non-motile. The strain was catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. Growth occurred at NaCl concentrations of 5-25 % (optimum, 10-13 %), at 13-41 °C (35-37 °C) and at pH 6.0-10.0 (pH 7.0-8.0). The predominant ubiquinone was Q-9. The major fatty acids were C19  :  0 cyclo ω8c and C16  :  0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 58.1 mol%. The affiliation of strain XHU 5135T with the genus Aidingimonas was confirmed by 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons. The closest type strain was Aidingimonas halophile YIM 90637T, which showed a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 97.5 %. The ANI value between XHU 5135T and the closest type strain was 80.01 %. The estimated digital DNA-DNA hybridization estimate value between strain XHU 5135T and the closest type strain was 22.80 %. Phenotypically, the characteristics of XHU 5135T were shown to differ from the most closely related species, A. halophila. On the basis of the data from this polyphasic study, strain XHU 5135T represents a novel species of the genus Aidingimonas, for which the name Aidingimonas lacisalsi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is strain XHU 5135T (=CCTCC AB 2016344T=KCTC 42945T=DSM 104700T).

8.
Molecules ; 25(2)2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31941038

RESUMO

(1) Background: Flavonoids are the primary medicinal ingredient of Saussurea involucrate, which have significant antioxidant capacity. Optimizing the extraction of Saussurea involucrate flavonoids (SIFs) and exploring the ability to block melanin deposition caused by reactive oxygen can greatly promote the development of S. involucrate whitening products. (2) Methods: Ultrasonic extraction process was optimized using the Box-Behnken design (BBD) and response surface methodology (RSM). Then, the effect of SIFs on antioxidant activity and anti-deposition of melanin, and genes related to the melanin synthesis are studied. (3) Results: The optimal extraction procedures are as follows: the extraction time, ethanol content, and solvent ratio (v/w) are 64 min, 54%, and 54:1, respectively. The reducing activity and scavenging rates of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), superoxide anion, hydroxyl radical, and ABTS+ were promoted as more S. involucrate flavonoid extract was added. The SIFs extract induced a decrease in the melanin synthesis by inhibiting the human melanoma A375 cell tyrosinase activity. SIFs also depress expression of melanin synthesis related genes. (4) Conclusions: the highest SIFs content was obtained by using 54% ethanol and 54:1 solvent ratio (v/w) for 64 min. The extract of SIFs exhibited good ability of antioxidant and anti-deposition of melanin in human melanocytes.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915850

RESUMO

Chemicals pollution in the environment has attracted attention all over the world, and the toxicity prediction of chemical pollutants has become quite important. In this paper, we introduce a simple approach to predict the toxicity of some chemical components, in which the Tchebichef image moment (TM) method was employed to extract useful chemical information from the images of molecular structures to establish quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) prediction models. The proposed approach was applied to predict the toxicity of anilines and phenols for the aquatic organisms of P. subcapitata and V. fischeri, in which the obtained TMs were defined as the independent variables, while the biological toxicity (pEC50) was regarded to be the dependent variable. Then, the predictive models were established by stepwise regression, respectively. The obtained squared correlation coefficients of leave-one-out cross-validation (Q2) for training sets and the predictive squared correlation coefficients (Rp2) for test sets of the two groups of data were higher than 0.79 and 0.75, respectively, which indicated that the obtained models possessed satisfactory accuracy and reliability. Compared with several reported methods, the proposed approach was more convenient and has a higher predictive capability. Our study provides another perspective in QSAR research.

10.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 10, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) plays a crucial role in the utilization of heterosis and various types of CMS often have different abortion mechanisms. Therefore, it is important to understand the molecular mechanisms related to anther abortion in wheat, which remain unclear at present. RESULTS: In this study, five isonuclear alloplasmic male sterile lines (IAMSLs) and their maintainer were investigated. Cytological analysis indicated that the abortion type was identical in IAMSLs, typical and stainable abortion, and the key abortive period was in the binucleate stage. Most of the 1,281 core shared differentially expressed genes identified by transcriptome sequencing compared with the maintainer in the vital abortive stage were involved in the metabolism of sugars, oxidative phosphorylation, phenylpropane biosynthesis, and phosphatidylinositol signaling, and they were downregulated in the IAMSLs. Key candidate genes encoding chalcone--flavonone isomerase, pectinesterase, and UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase were screened and identified. Moreover, further verification elucidated that due to the impact of downregulated genes in these pathways, the male sterile anthers were deficient in sugar and energy, with excessive accumulations of ROS, blocked sporopollenin synthesis, and abnormal tapetum degradation. CONCLUSIONS: Through comparative transcriptome analysis, an intriguing core transcriptome-mediated male-sterility network was proposed and constructed for wheat and inferred that the downregulation of genes in important pathways may ultimately stunt the formation of the pollen outer wall in IAMSLs. These findings provide insights for predicting the functions of the candidate genes, and the comprehensive analysis of our results was helpful for studying the abortive interaction mechanism in CMS wheat.

11.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(5): 1286-1296, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891496

RESUMO

Carotenoids are a class of bioactive compounds that exhibit health-promoting properties for humans, but their regulation in bananas during fruit ripening remains largely unclear. Here, we found that the total carotenoid content continued to be elevated along the course of banana ripening and peaked at the ripening stage followed by a decrease, which is presumably caused by the transcript abundances of carotenoid biosynthetic genes MaLCYB1.1 and MaLCYB1.2. Moreover, a ripening-inducible transcription factor MaSPL16 was characterized, which was a nuclear protein with transactivation activity. Transient transformation of MaSPL16 in banana fruits led to enhanced transcript levels of MaLCYB1.1 and MaLCYB1.2 and hence the total carotenoid accumulation. Importantly, MaSPL16 stimulated the transcription of MaLCYB1.1 and MaLCYB1.2 through directly binding to their promoters. Collectively, our findings indicate that MaSPL16 behaves as an activator to modulate banana carotenoid biosynthesis, which may provide a new target for molecular improvement of the nutritional and bioactive qualities of agricultural crops that accumulate carotenoids.


Assuntos
Carotenoides/metabolismo , Frutas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Liases Intramoleculares/genética , Musa/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Frutas/enzimologia , Frutas/genética , Frutas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Liases Intramoleculares/metabolismo , Musa/enzimologia , Musa/genética , Musa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
12.
Plant J ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951058

RESUMO

Salt stress reduces crop growth and productivity globally. Here we report that a R2R3-MYB transcription factor MYB30 participates in salt tolerance in Arabidopsis. MYB30 can be SUMOylated by SIZ1 in response to salt stress and the lysine (K)283 of MYB30 is essential for its SUMOylation. In contrast to wild-type MYB30, the MYB30K283R mutant failed to rescue the salt-sensitive phenotype of the myb30-2 mutant, indicating that SUMOylation of MYB30 is required for the salt-stress response. Through transcriptomic analysis, we identified a MYB30 target, alternative oxidase 1a (AOX1a). MYB30 binds the promoter of AOX1a and upregulates its expression in response to salt stress; however, MYB30K283R cannot bind the promoter of AOX1a. The cyanide (CN)-resistant alternative respiration (Alt) mediated by AOX is significantly reduced in the myb30-2 mutant through the loss of function of MYB30. As a result, the redox homeostasis is disrupted in the myb30-2 mutant compared with that in wild-type seedlings (WT) under salt conditions. The artificial elimination of excess reactive oxygen species partially rescues the salt-sensitive phenotype of the myb30-2 mutant, whereas after the exogenous application of SHAM, an inhibitor of AOXs and Alt respiration, the salt tolerance of Col-0 and the complemented plants decreased to a level similar to that observed in myb30-2. Finally, overexpression of AOX1a in myb30-2 confers WT-like salt tolerance compared with that of the myb30-2 mutant. Taken together, our results revealed a functional link between MYB30 and AOX1a, and indicated that SIZ1-mediated SUMOylation of MYB30 enhances salt tolerance by regulating Alt respiration and cellular redox homeostasis via AOX1a in Arabidopsis.

13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 148: 173-181, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917978

RESUMO

Tremella fuciformis polysaccharide (TFP) is an important bioactive substance in Tremella, that contributes to its use as medicine and food. In this study, a novel fungus Tremella fuciformis XY was isolated and introduced to produce macromolecule polysaccharides (TFPB). The fermentation conditions were optimized and results demonstrates that the initial pH, optimal temperature and liquid volume were 6.0, 26 °C and 80 mL in a 500 mL flask, respectively. The maximum yield of TFPB was 9.05 ± 0.05 g/L, which is 59.05% higher than the basic yield (5.69 ± 0.02 g/L). The TFPB, purified by DEAE column, had a molecular weight (Mw) of 1.14 × 103 kDa and consisted mainly of mannose, glucuronic acid, glucose, galactose, xylose, and rhamnose at a molar ratio of 3.5:1.2:2:1.6:1.4:3. The structure of TFPB was preliminarily investigated by methylation analysis, infrared spectroscopy, and nuclear magnetic resonance analysis. The main linkage types were identified as 1,4-xylp, 1,4-manp, 1-xylp, 1-manp, 1,4-glcp, and 1,3,4-galp. Moreover, the antioxidant assays showed that TFPB could scavenge reactive oxygen species and hydroxyl radicals.

14.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 143: 41-48, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786296

RESUMO

Chondroitinase ABC I (ChSase ABC I) is a key enzyme of chondroitin sulfate (CS) degradation and widely used for CS detection in the medicine filed. However, the recombinant ChSase ABC I was weakly expressed in Escherichia coli because the forms of it were mostly inclusion bodies. In this study, a signal peptide (pelB) was used for the soluble form expression of ChSase ABC I in E. coli. Then the culture condition for ChSase ABC I expression was optimized through response surface methodology. Results revealed that the expression level of ChSase ABC I in a 7.5 L fermentor (29.03 mL-1) was approximately 1.65-fold higher than that of the shake flask level (17.55 mL-1). The enzymatic properties and kinetic constants of recombinant ChSase ABC I were also studied. Recombinant ChSase ABC I was also used to detect the specific disaccharides content of CS from different sources. This study not only eliminates the problem of the enzyme expressed as an inclusion body, but also solves the current problem of expensive ChSase ABC. In a word, it would be an ideal strategy for ChSase ABC high-efficiency expression and a great method to detect specific disaccharides of CS in biomedical field.

15.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 95(2): 240-247, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623027

RESUMO

Non-structural viral protein 5B (NS5B) is a viral protein in hepatitis C virus. Although various inhibitors against NS5B have been found, the activity prediction of similar untested inhibitors is still highly desirable. In this respect, the Tchebichef moments (TMs) calculated from the images of molecular structures were regarded as the independent variables while the inhibitory activity (pIC50 ) was the dependent variable, and the predictive model was established by means of stepwise regression. The R-squared of leave-one-out cross-validation (Q2 ) for the training set and the R-squared of prediction ( R p 2 ) for external independent test set were 0.919 and 0.927, respectively. The obtained model was also evaluated strictly. Compared with the multivariate curve resolution with alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) and the QSAR approaches derived from the literature, the proposed method is more accurate and reliable. This study not only provides an effective approach to predict the biological activity of RNA replication's inhibitors, but also extends the QSAR modeling technique.

16.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng ; 43(1): 75-84, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31552499

RESUMO

A safe, efficient, environmentally friendly process for producing isomaltulose is needed. Here, the biocatalyst, sucrose isomerase (SIase) from Erwinia rhapontici NX-5, displayed on the surface of Bacillus subtilis 168 spores (food-grade strain) was applied for isomaltulose production. The anchored SIase showed relatively high bioactivity, suggesting that the surface display system using CotX as the anchoring protein was successful. The stability of the anchored SIase was also significantly better. Thermal stability analysis showed that 80% of relative activity was retained after incubation at 40 °C and 45 °C for 60 min. To develop an economical industrial fermentation medium, untreated beet molasses (30 g/L) and cold-pressed soybean powder (50 g/L) were utilised as the main broth components for SIase pilot-scale production. Under the optimal conditions, the productive spores converted 92% of sucrose after 6 h and the conversion rate was 45% after six cycles. Isomaltulose production with this system using the agricultural residues, untreated beet molasses and soybean powder, as substrates is cost-effective and environmentally friendly and can help to overcome issues due to the genetic background.

17.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 22(2): 138-143, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30450959

RESUMO

Two previously undescribed sesquiterpenes along with nine known compounds were isolated from the fermentation broth of Aspergillus fumigatus, an endophyte of Ligusticum wallichii. Their structures were elucidated through extensive spectroscopic analysis combined with quantum chemical ECD calculations. Two new compounds exhibited moderate growth inhibition against MV4-11 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines.

18.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(2): 932-943, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236965

RESUMO

Histone demethylase KDM7A regulates neuronal differentiation and development in mammals. In this study, we found that KDM7A was also required for breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) maintenance. Silencing KDM7A significantly reduced the BCSCs population and mamosphere formation in vitro, and inhibited breast tumor growth in vivo. Restoring KDM7A expression rescued the defect in stem cell maintenance. Our mechanism analysis suggested that KDM7A upregulated the stemness-associated factors KLF4 and c-MYC for BCSCs maintenance. In addition, KDM7A knockdown promoted apoptosis through decreasing BCL2 expression and BAD phosphorylation in breast cancer (BrCa). Furthermore, restoring KDM7A and BCL2 expression rescued apoptosis inhibition in breast cancer, suggesting that KDM7A inhibited apoptosis by upregulating the BCL2 level in breast cancer. In conclusion, KDM7A promotes cancer stem cell maintenance and apoptosis inhibition in breast cancer.

19.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(5): 2832-2839, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635619

RESUMO

Magnetic NiFe2O4 nanoparticles were successfully prepared via the coprecipitation process with ferric nitrate, nickel nitrate, and sodium hydroxide as raw materials, and they were characterized by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the transmission electron microscope (TEM), the X-ray diffraction (XRD), the vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), the energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET). The magnetic NiFe2O4 nanoparticles were employed to research the adsorption performance of reactive red 2BF (RR-2BF) onto them, and they revealed very large adsorption capacity of RR-2BF. The adsorption kinetics data were evaluated with the pseudo first-order, the pseudo second-order and the intraparticle diffusion models, and the results showed that the pseudo second-order kinetics model was best fitted for the adsorption of RR-2BF onto magnetic NiFe2O4 nanoparticles. While, the adsorption isotherm experiments were carried out at room temperature, and the experimental data conformed to the Langmuir model, which suggested that the adsorption of RR-2BF onto magnetic NiFe2O4 nanoparticles was the monolayer adsorption process. The magnetic NiFe2O4 nanoparticles revealed good reusability, and the adsorption capacity was maintained over 80% of the initial capacity after being used for five cycles.

20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(24)2019 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817990

RESUMO

Tea is widely consumed all over the world. Generally, tea is divided into six categories: White, green, yellow, oolong, black, and dark teas, based on the fermentation degree. Tea contains abundant phytochemicals, such as polyphenols, pigments, polysaccharides, alkaloids, free amino acids, and saponins. However, the bioavailability of tea phytochemicals is relatively low. Thus, some novel technologies like nanotechnology have been developed to improve the bioavailability of tea bioactive components and consequently enhance the bioactivity. So far, many studies have demonstrated that tea shows various health functions, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immuno-regulatory, anticancer, cardiovascular-protective, anti-diabetic, anti-obesity, and hepato-protective effects. Moreover, it is also considered that drinking tea is safe to humans, since reports about the severe adverse effects of tea consumption are rare. In order to provide a better understanding of tea and its health potential, this review summarizes and discusses recent literature on the bioactive components, bioavailability, health functions, and safety issues of tea, with special attention paid to the related molecular mechanisms of tea health functions.

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