Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.342
Filtrar
1.
Exp Gerontol ; 159: 111683, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995725

RESUMO

Histidine triad nucleotide-binding protein 1 (HINT1) is regarded as a haplo-insufficient tumour suppressor and is closely associated with many neuropsychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorders. In addition, HINT1 knockout (KO) mice exhibit anxiolytic-like behaviour, antidepression-like behaviour, and enhanced cognitive performance in several studies. However, it is still unclear whether aging contributes to these changes in the emotion and cognition of HINT1 KO mice. This study examined the role of aging in anxiety-like and depression-like behaviours and cognition behaviours in aged HINT1 KO mice compared with young HINT1 KO mice and their wild-type littermates, along with a number of molecular biological methods. In a battery of behavioural tests, aged wild-type mice showed increased anxiety-like and depression-like behaviours and decreased cognitive performance, along with lower expression levels of glutathione peroxidase, enhanced amount of malondialdehyde, and decreased expression levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and tyrosine kinase B in the hippocampus and PFC compared to young wild-type mice. HINT1 KO mice showed reduced anxiety-like and depression-like behaviours and enhanced cognitive performance compared to age-matched wild-type mice. In addition, HINT1 KO mice also showed increased GSH-Px and superoxide dismutase, and decreased malondialdehyde, together with enhanced BDNF and Trk-B expression in the hippocampus and PFC. However, when compared with young HINT1 KO mice, aged HINT1 KO mice did not show increased anxiety-like and depression-like behaviours. And there are no differences in the expression level of superoxide dismutase, malondialdehyde, BDNF, and Trk-B between aged and young HINT1 KO mice. In summary, HINT1 deficiency can counteract age-related emotion and cognition dysfunction.

2.
Gut Microbes ; 14(1): 2013764, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35025709

RESUMO

With the rapid development and high therapeutic efficiency and biosafety of gas-involving theranostics, hydrogen medicine has been particularly outstanding because hydrogen gas (H2), a microbial-derived gas, has potent anti-oxidative, anti-apoptotic, and anti-inflammatory activities in many disease models. Studies have suggested that H2-enriched saline/water alleviates colitis in murine models; however, the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. Despite evidence demonstrating the importance of the microbial hydrogen economy, which reflects the balance between H2-producing (hydrogenogenic) and H2-utilizing (hydrogenotrophic) microbes in maintaining colonic mucosal ecosystems, minimal efforts have been exerted to manipulate relevant H2-microbe interactions for colonic health. Consistent with previous studies, we found that administration of hydrogen-rich saline (HS) ameliorated dextran sulfate sodium-induced acute colitis in a mouse model. Furthermore, we demonstrated that HS administration can increase the abundance of intestinal-specific short-chain fatty acid (SCFA)-producing bacteria and SCFA production, thereby activating the intracellular butyrate sensor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ signaling and decreasing the epithelial expression of Nos2, consequently promoting the recovery of the colonic anaerobic environment. Our results also indicated that HS administration ameliorated disrupted intestinal barrier functions by modulating specific mucosa-associated mucolytic bacteria, leading to substantial inhibition of opportunistic pathogenic Escherichia coli expansion as well as a significant increase in the expression of interepithelial tight junction proteins and a decrease in intestinal barrier permeability in mice with colitis. Exogenous H2 reprograms colonocyte metabolism by regulating the H2-gut microbiota-SCFAs axis and strengthens the intestinal barrier by modulating specific mucosa-associated mucolytic bacteria, wherein improved microbial hydrogen economy alleviates colitis.

3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 195: 229-236, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34896153

RESUMO

Mussel foot proteins (Mfps), which help mussels attach to various surfaces, are considered to be promising biomaterials due to their outstanding adhesive properties. However, limited production and lack of post-translational modifications of tyrosine residues into 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (Dopa) in bacterial expression systems have hampered their applications. In the present study, for the first time we established the expression of recombinant Mytilus galloprovincialis foot protein type 3 variant B (fp-3B) in Escherichia coli; and achieved its viable production (~51 mg/L). Additionally, the Dopa content and adhesive properties of fp-3B co-expressed using various types of tyrosinases were compared. Consequently, the co-expression of fp-3B construct together with tyrosinase from Verrucomicrobium spinosum (TyrVs) yielded up to 87 mg/L of modified fp-3B; hydroxylation of tyrosine residues accounted for 57.18% by acid-borate difference spectroscopy. The modified fp-3B also showed significant coating and adhesive ability, and its bulk-scale adhesive strength was 2.9-fold higher than that of unmodified fp-3B. Compared with other type 3 mussel foot proteins, the high-yield expression and extensive hydroxylation level of the recombinant protein indicate that fp-3B co-expressed with TyrVs (3B-Vs) has the potential to be widely used as bioglues.

4.
J Affect Disord ; 297: 283-293, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the prospective bidirectional association between depressive symptoms and chronic lung disease (CLD) and explored biologically and behaviorally relevant mediators in this bidirectional association among Chinese middle-aged and older population in the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. METHODS: Multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazard models were used to examine baseline depressive symptoms in relation to incident CLD risk among 12,546 adults and examine CLD condition in association with incidence of elevated depressive symptoms among 6,929 participants from 2011 to 2018. Elevated depressive symptoms were assessed with the 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale and CLD was determined by self-reported physician diagnosis. Causal mediation analysis was performed to examine the direct and indirect effects of a priori selected nine blood biomarkers and four lifestyle factors in the bidirectional association. RESULTS: Elevated depressive symptoms significantly increased CLD risk by 68% (HR=1.68, 95%CI=1.46-1.93) after a mean follow-up of 5.9 years and the strong positive association was consistently shown in almost all the subgroups. Having positive CLD status at baseline was associated with 17% increased risk of developing elevated depressive symptoms (HR=1.17, 95%CI=1.01-1.35) during an average of 4.6 years follow-up period. Significant inflammatory, metabolic or pulmonary function related mediators were not identified. LIMITATIONS: Inadequate follow-up time and limited mediator variable information may reduce chance of identifying significant mediators. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated depressive symptoms and CLD were mutual risk factors in middle-aged and older Chinese adults. Early screening and treatment of depression is needed to reduce CLD risk and related comorbidities including new-onset depression so as to relieve substantial disease burdens of CLD and depression in China.

5.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 156(1): 159-165, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33759181

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore treatment strategies for patients with positive margins after cervical cold knife conization (CKC) by estimating the risk of residual or recurrent CIN2 or worse (CIN2+). METHODS: A retrospective study included 569 patients receiving CKC for CIN3 in Xiangya Hospital from January 2013 to December 2017. Demographic characteristics and test results were obtained before CKC, after CKC, at 6, 12, and 24 months, then annually thereafter. The primary end point was residual/recurrent CIN2+ post-CKC. RESULTS: Fourteen (2.46%) patients had residual/recurrent CIN2+ with a median time of occurrence at 12 months post-CKC. Taking the average age and hrHPV viral load tested by Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2) as thresholds, the risk of residual/recurrent CIN2+ was higher in women aged over 40 years or with a baseline HC2 of 300 or more for the ratio of relative light units to positive cut-off values. Patients with positive margins were at higher risk of residual/recurrent CIN2+ (hazard ratio 3.66, 95% confidence interval 1.25-10.71), especially when endocervix was involved. A total of 536 (94.20%) patients received HPV testing within 6 months after CKC. Patients with both positive HPV testing results and positive margins were at the highest risk of residual/recurrent CIN2+. CONCLUSION: Patients with positive endocervical margins are at high risk for residual/recurrent CIN2+, independent of the severity of margins. HPV testing within 6 months after CKC may be a feasible triage strategy for these patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/cirurgia , China , Conização , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia
6.
BMC Ecol Evol ; 21(1): 216, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34852759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine the presence and abundance of an aquatic species in large waterbodies, especially when populations are at low densities, is highly challenging for conservation biologists. Environmental DNA (eDNA) has the potential to offer a noninvasive and cost-effective method to complement traditional population monitoring, however, eDNA has not been extensively applied to study large migratory species. Chinese sturgeon (Acipenser sinensis), is the largest anadromous migratory fish in the Yangtze River, China, and in recent years its population has dramatically declined and spawning has failed, bringing this species to the brink of extinction. In this study, we aim to test the detectability of eDNA methods to determine the presence and relative abundance of reproductive stock of the species and whether eDNA can be used as a tool to reflect behavioral patterns. Chinese sturgeon eDNA was collected from four sites along the spawning ground across an eight month period, to investigate the temporal and spatial distribution using droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). RESULTS: We designed a pair of specific primers for Chinese sturgeon and demonstrated the high sensitivity of ddPCR to detect and quantify the Chinese sturgeon eDNA concentration with the limit of detection 0.17 copies/µl, with Chinese sturgeon eDNA been intermittently detected at all sampling sites. There was a consistent temporal pattern among four of the sampling sites that could reflect the movement characteristics of the Chinese sturgeon in the spawning ground, but without a spatial pattern. The eDNA concentration declined by approximately 2-3 × between December 2018 and December 2019. CONCLUSIONS: The results prove the efficacy of eDNA for monitoring reproductive stock of the Chinese sturgeon and the e decreased eDNA concentration reflect that Chinese sturgeon may survive with an extremely small number of reproductive stock in the Yangtze River. Accordingly, we suggest future conservation measures should focus on both habitat restoration and matured fish restocking to ensure successful spawning. Overall, this study provides encouraging support for the application of eDNA methods to monitor endangered aquatic species.

7.
Eur J Med Chem ; 228: 114037, 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34883290

RESUMO

Off-target toxicity is one of the main challenges faced by anticancer chemotherapeutics. For tumor targeted and precision chemotherapy, we take the advantages of the ligand directed tumor active targeting of small molecule drug conjugates (SMDCs) and the passive tumor targeting of nanoparticles via the enhanced penetration and retention (EPR) effects, put forward a branched small molecule drug conjugate (BSMDC) nanomedicine design concept. In a proof of concept, we used pentaerythritol as the branched moiety, galactosamine (GalN) as the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) directing ligands, PTX as a payload, and a stearoyl moiety as the amphiphilic property adjusting group, designed and synthesized BSMDC 1 and prepared its NPs. In cellular level, the BSMDC 1 NPs targeted asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR)-overexpressing HepG2 cells, were effectively taken up in the cells and released in tumor microenvironments, inhibited the HepG2 cell proliferation, arrested HepG2 cell in G2/M phase and induced tumor cell apoptosis. In HepG2 xenograft nude mice, the BSMDC 1 NPs were high specific to target the tumor and demonstrated a higher antitumor efficiency than BSMDC 1, having no apparent influences on mice body weights and major organs, supporting our BSMDC nanomedicine design concept. Therefore, this new strategy may find applications for cancer targeted and precision chemotherapy.

8.
Water Res ; 209: 117890, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856430

RESUMO

Traditional methods of cyanides' (CN-) mineralization cannot overcome the contradiction between the high alkalinity required for the inhibition of hydrogen cyanide evolution and the low alkalinity required for the efficient hydrolysis of cyanate (CNO-) intermediates. Thus, in this study, a novel Electro-Fenton system was constructed, in which the free cyanides released from ferricyanide photolysis can be efficiently mineralized by the synergy of •OH and •O2-. The complex bonds in ferricyanide (100 mL, 0.25 mM) were completely broken within 80 min under ultraviolet radiation, releasing free cyanides. Subsequently, in combination with the heterogeneous Electro-Fenton process, •OH and •O2- were simultaneously generated and 92.9% of free cyanides were transformed into NO3- within 120 min. No low-toxic CNO- intermediates were accumulated during the Electro-Fenton process. A new conversion mechanism was proposed that CN- was activated into electron-deficient cyanide radical (•CN) by •OH, and then the •CN intermediates reacted with •O2- via nucleophilic addition to quickly form NO3-, preventing the formation of CNO- and promoting the mineralization of cyanide. Furthermore, this new strategy was used to treat the actual cyanide residue eluent, achieving rapid recovery of irons and efficient mineralization of cyanides. In conclusion, this study proposes a new approach for the mineralization treatment of cyanide-containing wastewater.

9.
J Biol Chem ; 298(1): 101516, 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34942145

RESUMO

The thymus is the central immune organ, but it is known to progressively degenerate with age. As thymus degeneration is paralleled by the wasting of aging skeletal muscle, we speculated that the thymus may play a role in muscle wasting. Here, using thymectomized mice, we show that the thymus is necessary for skeletal muscle regeneration, a process tightly associated with muscle aging. Compared to control mice, the thymectomized mice displayed comparable growth of muscle mass, but decreased muscle regeneration in response to injury, as evidenced by small and sparse regenerative myofibers along with inhibited expression of regeneration-associated genes myh3, myod, and myogenin. Using paired box 7 (Pax7)-immunofluorescence staining and 5-Bromo-2'-deoxyuridine-incorporation assay, we determined that the decreased regeneration capacity was caused by a limited satellite cell pool. Interestingly, the conditioned culture medium of isolated thymocytes had a potent capacity to directly stimulate satellite cell expansion in vitro. These expanded cells were enriched in subpopulations of quiescent satellite cells (Pax7highMyoDlowEdUpos) and activated satellite cells (Pax7highMyoDhighEdUpos), which were efficiently incorporated into the regenerative myofibers. We thus propose that the thymus plays an essential role in muscle regeneration by directly promoting satellite cell expansion and may function profoundly in the muscle aging process.

10.
Front Public Health ; 9: 767617, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34957022

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has greatly disrupted the normal treatment of patients with liver cancer and increased their risk of death. The weight of therapeutic safety was significantly amplified for decision-making to minimize the risk of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Herein, the safety and effectiveness of carbon ion radiotherapy (CIRT) for unresectable liver cancer (ULC) were evaluated, and Chinese experiences were shared to solve the predicament of ULC treatment caused by SARS-CoV-2. Worldwide studies were collected to evaluate CIRT for ULC as the world has become a community due to the COVID-19 pandemic. We not only searched five international databases including the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, PubMed, Embase, and Scopus but also performed supplementary retrieval with other sources. Chinese experiences of fighting against COVID-19 were introduced based on the advancements of CIRT in China and a prospective clinical trial of CIRT for treating ULC. A total of 19 studies involving 813 patients with ULC were included in the systematic review. The qualitative synthetic evaluation showed that compared with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), CIRT could achieve superior overall survival, local control, and relative hepatic protection. The systematic results indicated that non-invasive CIRT could significantly minimize harms to patients with ULC and concurrently obtain superior anti-cancer effectiveness. According to the Chinese experience, CIRT allows telemedicine within the hospital (TMIH) to keep a sufficient person-to-person physical distance in the whole process of treatment for ULC, which is significant for cutting off the transmission route of SARS-CoV-2. Additionally, CIRT could maximize the utilization rate of hospitalization and outpatient care (UHO). Collectively, CIRT for ULC patients not only allows TMIH and the maximized UHO but also has the compatible advantages of safety and effectiveness. Therefore, CIRT should be identified as the optimal strategy for treating appropriate ULC when we need to minimize the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and to improve the capacity of medical service in the context of the unprecedented COVID-19 crisis.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Radioterapia com Íons Pesados , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/radioterapia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/radioterapia , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 11(11): 3465-3480, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34900530

RESUMO

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) in the central nervous system is the most lethal advanced glioma and currently there is no effective treatment for it. Studies of sinomenine, an alkaloid from the Chinese medicinal plant, Sinomenium acutum, showed that it had inhibitory effects on several kinds of cancer. Here, we synthesized a sinomenine derivative, sino-wcj-33 (SW33), tested it for antitumor activity on GBM and explored the underlying mechanism. SW33 significantly inhibited proliferation and colony formation of GBM and reduced migration and invasion of U87 and U251 cells. It also arrested the cell cycle at G2/M phase and induced mitochondria-dependent apoptosis. Differential gene enrichment analysis and pathway validation showed that SW33 exerted anti-GBM effects by regulating PI3K/AKT and AMPK signaling pathways and significantly suppressed tumorigenicity with no obvious adverse effects on the body. SW33 also induced autophagy through the PI3K/AKT/mTOR and AMPK/mTOR pathways. Thus, SW33 appears to be a promising drug for treating GBM effectively and safely.

12.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2021: 4482201, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34925541

RESUMO

Pressure ulcer (PU), also called pressure injury, is localized damage to the skin and underlying soft tissues, usually over bony prominences, as a result of sustained mechanical loads applied to the tissues. However, in many situations, complete off-loading of sacral PUs is not possible. Minimising the exposure of wounds and their surroundings to elevated mechanical loads is crucial for healing. We for the first time reported the application of Meipicang in the prevention and treatment of intraoperative pressure ulcers in elderly ICU patients with severe illness. We found that the pressure ulcer risk score (20.15 ± 2.17) in the dressing group after intervention was higher than that (17.42 ± 3.62) in the regular group. The incidence of pressure sores in the dressing group was 3.77% lower than the 18.88% in the regular group. The psychological concern score (31.41 ± 3.15) of the dressing group was higher than that (26.92 ± 3.43) of the regular group. The trust score (29.57 ± 2.61) of the dressing group was higher than the score (24.28 ± 2.29) of the regular group. The score of physiological problems in the dressing group (34.69 ± 3.82) is higher than that in the regular group (29.88 ± 3.54). The skin complication rate of the dressing group was 5.56% lower than that of the regular group (22.64%). The comfort score (92.46 ± 4.15) of the dressing group was higher than that (80.59 ± 5.43) of the regular group. The nursing satisfaction score (94.53 ± 3.72) of the dressing group was higher than that (81.79 ± 4.61) of the regular group. To conclude, in this study, we found that the Meipicang dressing can reduce the incidence of pressure ulcers in ICU patients with severe ICU and improve the comfort and nursing satisfaction of elderly ICU patients with severe ICU, which is worthy of promotion.

13.
Hemoglobin ; : 1-3, 2021 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34957901

RESUMO

Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations of the ß-globin gene lead to ß-thalassemia (ß-thal) major (ß-TM) or ß-thal intermedia (ß-TI), whereas heterozygotes usually show microcytosis with negligible or no hemolysis. Certain missense mutations in exon 3, however, produce unstable globins causing a dominant ß-thal phenotype or hemolytic anemia in heterozygotes. Here we report a mutation in exon 3 of the ß-globin gene, which results in an unstable globin (Hb Dieppe) [ß127(H5)Gln→Arg; HBB: c.383A>G] with a dominant ß-thal phenotype in two generations of a Chinese family. Physicians should be alerted to this mechanism of ß-thal considering its relative rarity.

14.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 779541, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34912319

RESUMO

Escherichia coli has been developed as the most common host for recombinant protein expression. Unfortunately, there are still some proteins that are resistant to high levels of heterologous soluble expression in E. coli. Protein and peptide fusion tags are one of the most important methods for increasing target protein expression and seem to influence the expression efficiency and solubility as well. In this study, we identify a short 15-residue enhancing solubility peptide, the PCDS (protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase solubility) tag, which enhances heterologous protein expression in E. coli. This PCDS tag is a 45-bp long sequence encoding a peptide tag involved in the soluble expression of protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase, encoded by the pcaHG98 genes of Pseudomonas putida NCIMB 9866. The 45-bp sequence was also beneficial for pcaHG98 gene amplification. This tag was shown to be necessary for the heterologous soluble expression of PcaHG98 in E. coli. Purified His6-PcaHG98e04-PCDS exhibited an activity of 205.63±14.23U/mg against protocatechuate as a substrate, and this activity was not affected by a PCDS tag. This PCDS tag has been fused to the mammalian yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) to construct YFP-PCDS without its termination codons and YFPt-PCDS with. The total protein expressions of YFP-PCDS and YFPt-PCDS were significantly amplified up to 1.6-fold and 2-fold, respectively, compared to YFP alone. Accordingly, His6-YFP-PCDS and His6-YFPt-PCDS had 1.6-fold and 3-fold higher soluble protein yields, respectively, than His6-YFP expressed under the same conditions. His6-YFP, His6-YFP-PCDS, and His6-YFPt-PCDS also showed consistent fluorescence emission spectra, with a peak at 530nm over a scanning range from 400 to 700nm. These results indicated that the use of the PCDS tag is an effective way to improve heterologous protein expression in E. coli.

15.
Nutrients ; 13(12)2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34960036

RESUMO

Chronic high-fat diet (HFD) is associated with the onset and progression of hepatic steatosis, and oxidative stress is highly involved in this process. The potential role of sesamol (SEM) against oxidative stress and inflammation at the transcriptional level in a mice model of hepatic steatosis is not known. In this study, we aimed to investigate the scavenging effects of SEM towards reactive oxygen generated by lipid accumulation in the liver of obese mice and to explore the mechanisms of protection. Markers of oxidative stress, vital enzymes involved in stimulating oxidative stress or inflammation, and nuclear transcription of Nrf2 were examined. Our results showed that SEM significantly inhibited the activity of the HFD-induced hepatic enzymes CYP2E1 and NOX2, associated with oxidative stress generation. Additionally, SEM reversed HFD-induced activation of NF-κB, a redox-sensitive transcription factor, and attenuated the expression of hepatic TNF-α, a proinflammatory molecule. Moreover, SEM enhanced HFD-induced hepatic Nrf2 nuclear transcription and increased the levels of its downstream target genes Ho1 and Nqo1, which indicated antiinflammation and antioxidant properties. Our study suggests that chronic HFD led to hepatic steatosis, while SEM exhibited protective effects on the liver by counteracting the oxidative stress and inflammation induced by HFD. The underlying mechanism might involve multiple pathways at the transcriptional level; the antioxidant defense mechanism was in partly mediated by the upregulation of Nrf2.


Assuntos
Benzodioxóis/farmacologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/induzido quimicamente , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenóis/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Peso Corporal , Ingestão de Energia , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Malondialdeído/sangue , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Superóxido Dismutase/sangue
16.
Am J Mens Health ; 15(6): 15579883211067086, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34939514

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of 10 different surgical treatments for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with volume >60 mL. A systematic literature review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) within a Bayesian framework was performed. A total of 52 parallel-group RCTs included, reporting on 6,947 participants, comparing open prostatectomy (OP), monopolar/bipolar transurethral resection of prostate (monopolar/ bipolar TURP), thulium, holmium and diode laser enucleation of prostate (LEP), bipolar enucleation of prostate, potassium titanyl phosphate laser vaporization of prostate (KTP LVP), bipolar vaporization of prostate (bipolar VP), and laparoscopic simple prostatectomy (laparoscope SP). Compared with OP, laparoscope SP identified better maximal flow rate (Qmax; mean differences [MDs] = 2.89 mL/s) at the 24th month, but bipolar VP demonstrated worse Qmax (MD = -3.20 mL/s) and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS; MD = 2.60) at the 12th month. Holmium LEP (MD = 1.37) demonstrated better International Index of Erectile Function-5 at the 12th month compared with OP. However, compared with OP, KTP LVP demonstrated worse postvoid residual volume (PVR) at the sixth (MD = 10.42 mL) and 12th month (MD = 5.89 mL) and monopolar TURP (MD = 6.9 mL) demonstrated worse PVR at the 12th month. Eight new surgical methods for BPH with volume >60 mL appeared to be superior in safety compared with OP and monopolar TURP due to fewer complications. Bipolar VP and KTP LVP maybe not suitable for prostates more than 60 mL due to short- and middle-term worse Qmax, IPSS, and PVR than OP.

17.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34837470

RESUMO

The Hengduan Mountains region is an important hotspot of alpine plant diversity and endemism. Acanthochlamys bracteata is a species of a threatened monotypic genus endemic to the Hengduan Mountains. In this study, we present a high-quality, chromosome-level reference genome for A. bracteata, constructed using long reads, short reads and Hi-C technology. We characterized its genetic diversity, population structure, demographic history and gene flow by resequencing individuals collected across its distribution. Comparative genomics analyses based on sequence information from single-copy orthologous genes revealed that A. bracteata and Dioscorea rotundata diverged ~104.5 million years ago. Whole-genome resequencing based on population genetic analysis revealed that the division of the 14 populations into 10 distinct clusters reflected geographical divergence, and three separate high levels of gene flow occurred sequentially between isolated populations of the Hengduan Mountains, a finding which is consistent with the turnover between ice ages and interglacial periods. Our findings indicate that Quaternary climatic changes played an important role in shaping the genetic structure and demographic trajectories of A. bracteata, and provide critical insights into the genetic status and evolutionary history of this poorly understood species, and possibly other alpine plants with a similar distribution. This study demonstrates the usefulness of population genomics for evaluating the effects of past climatic changes and identifying conservation units for the conservation and management of threatened species. Our high-quality genome represents a valuable resource for future studies of the underlying molecular mechanisms of adaptive evolution and provides insight for further comparative genomic analysis with other Velloziaceae species.

18.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822198

RESUMO

AIMS: This study developed and evaluated a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay to simply, rapidly and accurately identify Shigella flexneri serotypes 2 and Xv. METHODS AND RESULTS: The LAMP assay based on the O-antigen synthesis and modification genes of S. flexneri including gtrII, gtrX, opt and wzx was developed. Its specificity and sensitivity were evaluated with 19 serotypes of S. flexneri and 96 other Shigella species and bacterial pathogens commonly found in stool samples. This LAMP assay was completed within 20 min at 61°C and could detect boiled DNA samples at concentrations as low as 1 pg/µl. The S. flexneri serotype LAMP assay exhibited 100% specificity for detecting 19 S. flexneri serotypes, no 96 strains of Shigella spp. and other bacterial pathogens. This LAMP assay was used to identify S. flexneri serotypes 2 and Xv from 299 S. flexneri strains isolated in China and results were consistent with that of slide agglutination and multiplex polymerase chain reaction results for the same isolates. CONCLUSIONS: This LAMP assay may facilitate rapid and reliable identifying S. flexneri serotypes 2 and Xv. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF STUDY: The present study was the first LAMP method for identifying serotypes of S. flexneri.

19.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 17: 100286, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734202

RESUMO

Background: Continuous refinement of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) stratification has raised the definition of very-high-risk (VHR) recently, which has been underutilized in China. We aimed to identify patients at VHR and evaluate their performances in a Chinese population. Methods: A total of 9944 patients with ASCVD was continuously enrolled. Patients at VHR was identified according to 2018 AHA/ACC guideline. Median follow-up was 36.4 months. Clinical characteristics, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) achievements, and the prognostic value of VHR mapping for cardiovascular events (CVEs) were evaluated. Findings: Overall, 26% (2542/9944) of patients were deemed as VHR, which were subsequently divided into two subgroups of VHR-1 [31% (779/2542)] and VHR-2 [69% (1763/2542)]. The rates of VHR were higher among patients of male (30%,2157/7268), young with age <45 years (46%,518/1130), and low-income regions (27%, 498/1838). Patients at VHR carried higher rates of risk factors than those at non-VHR (all p<0.001). However, only 3% (80/2542) of patients at VHR were prescribed with high-intensity of statins, and just 13% (321/2542) of them reached the LDL-C goal (<1.4mmol/L). Furthermore, of patients with coronary stenosis (n=9806), multiple-diseased vessels (47%, 1192/2523 vs. 36%,2587/7283) and occlusive lesions (36%, 902/2523 vs. 13%, 949/7283) were detected more commonly in those at VHR than non-VHR. The adjusted hazard ratios of VHR-1 and VHR-2 for primary CVEs were 2.58(1.61-4.14) and 2.23(1.55-3.20), respectively. Interpretation: Our study firstly reported that patients at VHR carried more severe ASCVD burden, lower LDL-C achievement, and higher CVEs risk, suggesting that the refinement of ASCVD might be considered in China to further understand patients at VHR. Funding: Capital Health Development Fund and CAMS Major Collaborative Innovation Project.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...