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1.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 914188, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35942219

RESUMO

Background: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has been widely reported in human and animals around the world over the past few decades. The high relapse rate and increasing drug resistance of CDI make the discovery of new agents against C. difficile fairly urgent. This study aims to investigate the antibacterial activity against C. difficile from traditional Chinese herb medicine Cullen corylifolium and confirm its active components. Methods: Phenolic extract from the seeds of C. corylifolium was prepared routinely and the contents of relative flavonoids were determined by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). In vitro antibacterial activities of the phenolic extract and its major components were tested. The influence of the major components on cell membrane was investigated with membrane integrity by SEM and propidium iodid uptake assay. Cytotoxicity of the extract and its active compounds on Caco-2 cell line was assessed by CCK-8 kit. The in vivo therapeutic efficacy of IBCL was evaluated on the mice model. Results: Phenolic extract was found to be active against C. difficile with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of 8 µg/mL. As the major component of the extract, IBCL was the most active compound against C. difficile. The MIC of IBCL and 4MBCL were 4 µg/ml and 4 µg/ml, respectively. Meanwhile, PFPE, IBCL, and 4MBCL showed rapid bactericidal effect against C. difficile in 1 h, which was significant compared to antibiotic vancomycin. Mechanism studies revealed that IBCL can disrupt the integrity of the cell membrane, which may lead to the death of bacteria. PFPE was low cytotoxic against Caco-2 cells, and the cytotoxicity of IBCL and 4MBCL were moderate. Symptoms of CDI were effectively alleviated by IBCL on the mice model and weight loss was reduced. From death rates, IBCL showed better efficacy compared to vancomycin at 50 mg/kg dosage. Conclusion: As the major component of phenolic extract of C. corylifolium seeds, IBCL showed significant antibacterial activity against C. difficile in vitro and rapidly killed the bacteria by disrupting the integrity of the cell membrane. IBCL can significantly prevent weight loss and reduce death caused by CDI on the mice model. Therefore, IBCL may be a promising lead compound or drug candidate for CDI.

2.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35947033

RESUMO

Three new C19-diterpenoid alkaloids, nagarumines A-C (1-3), together two known alkaloids, deoxyaconitine (4) and N-deethyldeoxyaconitine (5), were isolated from the roots of Aconitum nagarum. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by spectral methods such as 1D and 2D (1H-1H COSY, HMQC, and HMBC) NMR spectroscopy, as well as high resolution mass spectrometry. The in vivo pharmacological studies revealed that nagarumine C (3) possessed comparable antinociceptive activity (ED50 = 76.0 µmol/kg) with the positive control drugs aspirin and acetaminophen.

3.
DNA Cell Biol ; 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35944278

RESUMO

Several studies indicated that autophagy activation participates in brain ischemic tolerance (BIT) induced by cerebral ischemic preconditioning (CIP). However, the mechanism of autophagy activation during the process still remains unclear. The present study aimed to evaluate the role of p38 MAPK-peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) signaling cascade in autophagy during the CIP-induced BIT. The results shown that, initially, autophagy activation was observed after CIP in the model of global cerebral ischemia in rats, as was indicated by the upregulation of Beclin 1 expression, an increase in LC3-II/LC3-I ratio, the enhanced LC3 immunofluorescence, and a rise in the number of autophagosomes in the neurons of the hippocampal CA1 area. Besides, the inhibitor of autophagy 3-methyladenine obliterated the neuroprotection induced by CIP. Furthermore, the upregulation of p-p38 MAPK and PPARγ expressions was earlier than autophagy activation after CIP. In addition, pretreatment with SB203580 (the inhibitor of p38 MAPK) reversed CIP-induced PPARγ upregulation, autophagy activation, and neuroprotection. Pretreatment with GW9662 (the inhibitor of PPARγ) reversed autophagy activation and neuroprotection, while it had no effect on p-p38 MAPK upregulation induced by CIP. These data suggested that the p38 MAPK-PPARγ signaling pathway participates in autophagy activation during the induction of BIT by CIP.

4.
Clin Transl Med ; 12(8): e1003, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human Tau (hTau) accumulation and synapse loss are two pathological hallmarks of tauopathies. However, whether and how hTau exerts toxic effects on synapses remain elusive. METHODS: Mutated hTau (P301S) was overexpressed in the N2a cell line, primary hippocampal neurons and hippocampal CA3. Western blotting and quantitative polymerase chain reaction were applied to examine the protein and mRNA levels of synaptic proteins. The protein interaction was tested by co-immunoprecipitation and proximity ligation assays. Memory and emotion status were evaluated by a series of behavioural tests. The transcriptional activity of nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) was detected by dual luciferase reporter assay. Electrophoresis mobility shift assay and chromosome immunoprecipitation were conducted to examine the combination of NRF2 to specific anti-oxidative response element (ARE) sequences. Neuronal morphology was analysed after Golgi staining. RESULTS: Overexpressing P301S decreased the protein levels of post-synaptic density protein 93 (PSD93), PSD95 and synapsin 1 (SYN1). Simultaneously, NRF2 was decreased, whereas Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (KEAP1) was elevated. Further, we found that NRF2 could bind to the specific AREs of DLG2, DLG4 and SYN1 genes, which encode PSD93, PSD95 and SYN1, respectively, to promote their expression. Overexpressing NRF2 ameliorated P301S-reduced synaptic proteins and synapse. By means of acetylation at K312, P301S increased the protein level of KEAP1 via inhibiting KEAP1 degradation from ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, thereby decreasing NRF2 and reducing synapse. Blocking the P301S-KEAP1 interaction at K312 rescued the P301S-suppressed expression of synaptic proteins and memory deficits with anxiety efficiently. CONCLUSIONS: P301S-hTau could acetylate KEAP1 to trigger synaptic toxicity via inhibiting the NRF2/ARE pathway. These findings provide a novel and potential target for the therapeutic intervention of tauopathies.


Assuntos
Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Tauopatias , Hidrolases de Éster Carboxílico/metabolismo , Genes Reguladores , Humanos , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/genética , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Elementos de Resposta , Tauopatias/genética
5.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(7): 749-52, 2022 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35793883

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of chiropractic plus plum-blossom needling combined with flexibility training for attention deficit in mentally-retarded adolescents. METHODS: Thirty adolescents with mild mental retardation were randomly divided into a medical rehabilitation plus flexibility training group (10 cases, 2 cases dropped off), a flexibility training group (10 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (10 cases). The patients in the flexibility training group received flexibility training, once every other day, 3 times a week for 12 weeks. The patients in the medical rehabilitation plus flexibility training group received chiropractic and plum-blossom needling at Baihui (GV 20) and Sishencong (EX-HN 1) on the basis of the treatment in the flexibility training group, once every other day, 3 times a week for 12 weeks. The patients in the control group did not receive any targeted physical training and medical rehabilitation. Tobii Pro Spectrum eye movement instrument was used to test the attention concentration (T), attention span (M), attention transfer (γ%) and attention distribution (η). RESULTS: Compared before treatment, T and M in the medical rehabilitation plus flexibility training group and the flexibility training group were increased after treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05), and γ% in the medical rehabilitation plus flexibility training group was increased after treatment (P<0.05). The increasing range of T, M and γ% in the medical rehabilitation plus flexibility training group and the flexibility training group was greater than that in the control group (P<0.01), and the increasing range of T and γ% in the medical rehabilitation plus flexibility training group was greater than that in the flexibility training group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The chiropractic plus plum blossom needling combined with flexibility training can improve the attention deficit in mentally-retarded adolescents.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Quiroprática , Prunus domestica , Adolescente , Flores , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares
6.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35802010

RESUMO

Bothriochloa ischaemum (family Poaceae) is a perennial weed that can be found in borders of agricultural fields, pastures and roadsides in Malaysia. B. ischaemum is an important phytoremediation species in copper tailings dams (Jia et al. 2020). In December 2021, chlorotic spots with brown halos were observed on leaf samples of B. ischaemum with an incidence of approximately 80% in Penampang, Sabah province (5°56'50.4"N, 116°04'32.8"E). On older leaves, the spots coalesced into larger chlorotic spots. Small pieces (5 x 5 mm) of infected leaves collected from three plants were excised, and then surface sterilized according to Khoo et al. (2022). The fungus was isolated (one isolate was obtained) and cultured on potato dextrose agar (PDA) at 25°C. After 3 days, the colony had cottony aerial mycelia with light purple concentric rings appearing on the underside of the colony. Chlamydospores were produced, either unicellular or multicellular. Conidia were unicellular, hyaline, oval, and were 3.7 to 5.1 x 1.8 to 2.6 µm (n=20). Pycnidia were spheroid, and were 66.4 to 115.3 x 43.1 to 87.4 µm (n=20). Genomic DNA was extracted from fresh mycelia of the fungus based on the extraction method described by Khoo et al. (2022). Amplification of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region and large subunit (LSU) of rDNA, and actin (ACT), tubulin (TUB) and RNA polymerase II second largest subunit (RPB2) genes was performed using ITS1/ITS4, LR0R/LR7, ACT512F/ACT783R, T10/Bt2b and RPB2-5F2/RPB2-7cR primers, respectively (O'Donnell and Cigelnik, 1997; Liu et al. 1999; Sung et al. 2007; Chen et al. 2021). The PCR products were sequenced at Apical Scientific Sdn. Bhd.. Sequences were deposited in GenBank as OM453926 (ITS), OM453925 (LSU), OM451236 (ACT), OM451237 (TUB) and OM863567 (RPB2). Sequences of our isolate had 100% homology to ITS of isolate UMS (OK626271) (507/507 bp), LSU of isolate UMS (OM238129) (1328/1328 bp), ACT of isolate CZ01 (MN956831) (275/275 bp), TUB of isolate BJ-F1 (MF987525) (556/556 bp) and RPB2 of isolate HYCX2 (MK836295) (596/596 bp) sequences. Phylogenetic analysis was performed using the maximum likelihood method based on the general time reversible model with a gamma distribution and invariant sites (GTR + G + I) generated from the combined ITS, TUB, LSU and RPB2 sequences, indicating that the isolates formed a supported clade to the related Epicoccum sorghinum type sequences. Morphological and molecular characterization matched the description of E. sorghinum (Li et al. 2020). Koch's postulates were performed by spray inoculation (106 spores/ml) on the leaves of three healthy B. ischaemum plants, using isolate BPL01, while sterilized water was sprayed on three additional B. ischaemum which served as the control. Symptoms similar to those occurred after 6 days post inoculation. No symptoms occurred on controls. The experiment was repeated two more times. The reisolated pathogen was morphologically and genetically identical to E. sorghinum. E. sorghinum was reported previously on Brassica parachinensis (Yu et al. 2019), Camellia sinensis (Bao et al. 2019), Myrica rubra (Li et al. 2020), Oryza sativa (Liu et al. 2020) and Zea mays (Chen et al. 2021) in China. To our knowledge, this is the first report of E. sorghinum causing leaf spot on B. ischaemum in Malaysia. Our findings expand the geographic range and host range of E. sorghinum in Malaysia. B. ischaemum which is a weed in agricultural fields is a host of the pathogen and therefore could be a potential threat to Brassica parachinensis, Camellia sinensis, Oryza sativa and Zea mays in Malaysia. Weed management could be an effective way to eliminate inoculum sources of E. sorghinum.

7.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 300, 2022 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35820852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Opaque bubble layer (OBL), which generates from photo-disruptive procedures on the cornea, has been a common phenomenon during femtosecond laser-assisted refractive surgeries and it would potentially impact eye tracking and flap lifting. And we have observed that an updated flap-making pattern could form less OBL clinically than the traditional pattern, which needed further approval. Thus, the purpose of this study is to prove our observation and investigate the possible risk factors related to the occurrence and type of OBL in laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flaps using the Visumax laser system. METHODS: This prospective study included 167 eyes of 86 patients (mean age: 27.5 ± 6.1 years) undergoing bilateral femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) for myopia/myopic astigmatism by the same surgeon from April 2020 to August 2020. Preoperative data on refraction, central corneal thickness (CCT), and keratometry as well as intraoperative data were included for analysis. A new flap-making pattern creating an offset between flap-cut and side-cut was adopted to compare with the traditional pattern. The operation video of flap formation was analyzed to identify the existence and type of OBL. The area covered by OBL and the ratio of OBL to flap were calculated using Image J software. RESULTS: Among 167 eyes, 54 eyes (32.3%) developed OBLs, consisting of 31 as hard OBL coexisting with soft OBL, and 23 as soft OBL alone. The OBL incidence was significantly reduced in eyes with the new flap-making pattern compared with the traditional pattern (13.8% vs. 52.5%, P < 0.001). Hard OBLs had larger area ratios than soft OBLs (14.3 ± 8.3% vs. 1.1 ± 1.8%, P < 0.001). Univariate analyses revealed that eyes with more myopia, thicker CCT, and traditional flap-making patterns were more likely to develop OBLs. Multivariate analysis further confirmed that more myopia, thicker CCT, and traditional flap-making pattern were risk factors for OBLs. A Larger corneal diameter was associated with a higher incidence of hard OBL when applying the traditional flap-making process. CONCLUSION: More myopia, thicker CCT, and larger corneal diameter were risk factors for OBL development during flap creation, whereas a flap-making pattern with an offset between flap-cut and side-cut could reduce the incidence of OBL.


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Miopia , Adulto , Astigmatismo/epidemiologia , Astigmatismo/etiologia , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Córnea/cirurgia , Paquimetria Corneana , Substância Própria/cirurgia , Humanos , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ/efeitos adversos , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ/métodos , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Miopia/etiologia , Miopia/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Acuidade Visual , Adulto Jovem
8.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 932947, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35832225

RESUMO

Nitrogen is one of the most important nutrient elements required for plant growth and development, which is also immensely related to the efficient use of nitrogen by crop plants. Therefore, plants evolved sophisticated mechanisms and anion channels to extract inorganic nitrogen (nitrate) from the soil or nutrient solutions, assimilate, and recycle the organic nitrogen. Hence, developing crop plants with a greater capability of using nitrogen efficiently is the fundamental research objective for attaining better agricultural productivity and environmental sustainability. In this context, an in-depth investigation has been conducted into the cassava slow type anion channels (SLAHs) gene family, including genome-wide expression analysis, phylogenetic relationships with other related organisms, chromosome localization, and functional analysis. A potential and nitrogen-responsive gene of cassava (MeSLAH4) was identified and selected for overexpression (OE) analysis in rice, which increased the grain yield and root growth related performance. The morpho-physiological response of OE lines was better under low nitrogen (0.01 mm NH4NO3) conditions compared to the wild type (WT) and OE lines under normal nitrogen (0.5 mm NH4NO3) conditions. The relative expression of the MeSLAH4 gene was higher (about 80-fold) in the OE line than in the wild type. The accumulation and flux assay showed higher accumulation of NO 3 - and more expansion of root cells and grain dimension of OE lines compared to the wild type plants. The results of this experiment demonstrated that the MeSLAH4 gene may play a vital role in enhancing the efficient use of nitrogen in rice, which could be utilized for high-yielding crop production.

9.
Chem Sci ; 13(24): 7283-7288, 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35799821

RESUMO

Bridged tetracyclic nitrogen scaffolds are found in numerous biologically active molecules and medicinally relevant structures. Traditional methods usually require tedious reaction steps, and/or the use of structurally specific starting materials. We report an unprecedented, iminyl radical-triggered relay annulation from oxime-derived peresters and azadienes, which shows good substrate scope and functional group compatibility, and can deliver various bridged aza-tetracyclic compounds with complex molecular topology and four contiguous stereogenic centers (dr > 19 : 1) in a single operation. This transformation represents the first example of trifunctionalization of iminyl radicals through simultaneous formation of one C-N and two C-C bonds. DFT calculation studies were conducted to obtain an in-depth insight into the reaction pathways, which revealed that the reactions involved an interesting 1,6-hydrogen atom transfer process.

10.
Molecules ; 27(13)2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35807232

RESUMO

The metal chalcogenides (MCs) for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) have gained increasing attention owing to their low cost and high theoretical capacity. However, the poor electrochemical stability and slow kinetic behaviors hinder its practical application as anodes for SIBs. Hence, various strategies have been used to solve the above problems, such as dimensions reduction, composition formation, doping functionalization, morphology control, coating encapsulation, electrolyte modification, etc. In this work, the recent progress of MCs as electrodes for SIBs has been comprehensively reviewed. Moreover, the summarization of metal chalcogenides contains the synthesis methods, modification strategies and corresponding basic reaction mechanisms of MCs with layered and non-layered structures. Finally, the challenges, potential solutions and future prospects of metal chalcogenides as SIBs anode materials are also proposed.

11.
Mil Med Res ; 9(1): 38, 2022 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35799293

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autophagy dysfunction plays a crucial role in tau accumulation and neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study aimed to investigate whether and how the accumulating tau may in turn affect autophagy. METHODS: The primary hippocampal neurons, N2a and HEK293T cells with tau overexpression were respectively starved and treated with vinblastine to study the effects of tau on the initiating steps of autophagy, which was analysed by Student's two-tailed t-test. The rapamycin and concanamycin A were employed to inhibit the mammalian target of rapamycin kinase complex 1 (mTORC1) activity and the vacuolar H+-ATPase (v-ATPase) activity, respectively, which were analysed by One-way ANOVA with post hoc tests. The Western blotting, co-immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence staining were conducted to gain insight into the mechanisms underlying the tau effects of mTORC1 signaling alterations, as analysed by Student's two-tailed t-test or One-way ANOVA with post hoc tests. The autophagosome formation was detected by immunofluorescence staining and transmission electron microscopy. The amino acids (AA) levels were detected by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). RESULTS: We observed that overexpressing human full-length wild-type tau to mimic AD-like tau accumulation induced autophagy deficits. Further studies revealed that the increased tau could bind to the prion-related domain of T cell intracellular antigen 1 (PRD-TIA1) and this association significantly increased the intercellular level of amino acids (Leucine, P = 0.0038; Glutamic acid, P = 0.0348; Alanine, P = 0.0037; Glycine, P = 0.0104), with concordant upregulation of mTORC1 activity [phosphorylated eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (p-4EBP1), P < 0.0001; phosphorylated 70 kDa ribosomal protein S6 kinase 1 (p-p70S6K1), P = 0.0001, phosphorylated unc-51-like autophagy-activating kinase 1 (p-ULK1), P = 0.0015] and inhibition of autophagosome formation [microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 II (LC3 II), P = 0.0073; LC3 puncta, P < 0.0001]. As expected, this tau-induced deficit of autophagosome formation in turn aggravated tau accumulation. Importantly, we also found that blocking TIA1 and tau interaction by overexpressing PRD-TIA1, downregulating the endogenous TIA1 expression by shRNA, or downregulating tau protein level by a small proteolysis targeting chimera (PROTAC) could remarkably attenuate tau-induced autophagy impairment. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reveal that AD-like tau accumulation inhibits autophagosome formation and induces autophagy deficits by activating the TIA1/amino acid/mTORC1 pathway, and thus this work reveals new insight into tau-associated neurodegeneration and provides evidence supporting the use of new therapeutic targets for AD treatment and that of related tauopathies.


Assuntos
Autofagossomos , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina , Antígeno-1 Intracelular de Células T , Proteínas tau , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Autofagossomos/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Antígeno-1 Intracelular de Células T/metabolismo , Proteínas tau/metabolismo , Proteínas tau/farmacologia
12.
Front Chem ; 10: 921091, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35844651

RESUMO

Florfenicol was widely used as antibiotic in the livestock and poultry breeding industry, resulting in a serious problem of drug resistance. In order to solve the resistance of florfenicol, this study designed and synthesized a new series of florfenicol-polyarginine conjugates and tested for antimicrobial activities. Drug-sensitive bacteria, gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli) and gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), were sensitive to several of the compounds tested. These conjugates also showed excellent activity against drug-resistant strains such as methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and florfenicol resistant Escherichia coli strains (2017XJ30, 2019XJ20), one of which as E6 had a minimum inhibitory concentration of 12.5 µmol/L. These conjugates did not allow bacteria to develop resistance and also decreased bacterial growth by membrane depolarization and disruption. Additionally, florfenicol succinate (C1) showed certain activity after coupling with arginine. This suggested that conjugating arginine to florfenicol succinate effectively modulated the properties of prodrugs. These new conjugates may provide useful insights for expanding the pool of antibiotics.

14.
Orthop Surg ; 14(8): 1768-1777, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35819099

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of home-based telerehabilitation based on the Internet-based rehabilitation management system on hip function, activities of daily living and somatic integrative ability of elderly postoperative hip fracture patients. METHODS: From June 2020 to November 2020, we recruited 58 elderly postoperative hip fracture patients and randomly assigned them to the telephone group (n = 29) and the telerehabilitation group (n = 29). Both groups received routine discharge instructions, and the former received telephone follow-up after discharge, while the latter received remote rehabilitation based on the Internet-based rehabilitation management system. The Harris hip score (HHS), functional independence measure (FIM), timed up-and-go test (TUG), and short physical performance battery (SPPB) were used to evaluate the patients' hip function, activities of daily living, and overall somatic ability. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the baseline data of the two groups before the intervention (P > 0.05); no matter after hip replacement or internal fixation, the HHS score and FIM score of both groups increased gradually with the postoperative time, and the scores in the telerehabilitation group were higher than those in the telephone group at 1 and 3 months after the intervention, and the difference was significant (P < 0.05); for patients after hip replacement, the TUG and SPPB scores in the telerehabilitation group were better than those in the telephone group at 3 months after the intervention, and the difference was significant (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The Internet-based rehabilitation management system applied to postoperative home rehabilitation of elderly hip fracture patients can improve the functional recovery of the hip joint and enhance the ability to perform activities of daily living and somatic integration to a certain extent. This seems to provide an effective option for conducting home rehabilitation.

15.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 128: 7-18, 2022 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35843525

RESUMO

Members of the E74-like factor (ELF) subfamily are involved in the immune stress process of organisms by regulating immune responses and the development of immune-related cells. PmE74 of Penaeus monodon was characterized and functionally analyzed in this study. The full length of PmE74 was 3106 bp, with a 5'-UTR of 297 bp, and a 3'-UTR of 460 bp. The ORF (Open reading frame) was 2349 bp and encoded 782 amino acids. Domain analysis showed that PmE74 contains a typical Ets domain. Multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic tree analysis showed that PmE74 clustered with Litopenaeus vannamei E74 and displayed significant similarity (98.98%). PmE74 was expressed in all tissues tested in P. monodon, with the highest levels of expression observed in the testis, intestine, and epidermis. Different pathogen stimulation studies have revealed that PmE74 expression varies in response to different pathogen stimuli. A 96-h acute low salt stress study revealed that PmE74 in the hepatopancreas was upregulated and downregulated in the salinity 17 group and considerably downregulated in the salinity 3 group, whereas PmE74 in gill tissue was considerably downregulated in both groups. Further, by knocking down PmE74 and learning the trends of its linkage genes PmAQP1, PmNKA, PmE75, PmFtz-f1, PmEcR, and PmRXR in response to low salt stress, it was further indicated that PmE74 could have a vital role in the regulation of low salt stress. The SNP test revealed that PmE74-In1-53 was significantly associated with low salt tolerance traits in P. monodon (P < 0.05). The findings of this study can aid in the advancement of molecular marker-assisted breeding in P. monodon, as well as provide fundamental data and methodologies for further investigation of its low salt tolerance strains in P. monodon.

16.
J Affect Disord ; 315: 27-34, 2022 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35878833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence for the association among soft drink consumption, aggressive behaviors, and depressive symptoms among the adolescents. METHODS: Data were derived from a national representative sample of Youth Risk Behavior Surveys of United States during 2011 to 2019. Binary logistic regression models with complex sampling design were used to estimate the effect of soft drink consumption on aggressive behaviors and depressive symptoms. Mediating analysis was used to explore the association between soft drink consumption and depressive symptoms by aggressive behaviors. FINDINGS: The total prevalence of depressive symptoms was 3l.2 % (30.3 %-32.0 %). Compared with none of soft drink consumption, <1 time/day (OR: 1.29, 95%CI: 1.19-1.41), 1-2 times/day (OR: 1.49, 95%CI: 1.33-1.67), and ≥3 times/day (OR: 1.95, 95%CI: 1.70-2.24) were significantly associated with increased risk of aggressive behaviors. High levels of soft drink consumption (1-2 times/day, OR: 1.19, 95%CI: 1.07-1.32; ≥3 times/day, OR: 1.61, 95%CI: 1.42-1.81) and aggressive behaviors (OR: 1.98, 95%CI: 1.84-2.13) were found to be significantly associated with increased risk of depressive symptoms. A linear dose-response relationship of soft drink consumption with aggressive behaviors and depressive symptoms was found in this study (all p < 0.001). Aggressive behaviors partially mediated the association between soft drink consumption and depressive symptoms and each pathway was statistically significant. LIMITATIONS: The causal relationship was not able to certain because of the cross-sectional design. CONCLUSIONS: The mediating role of aggressive behaviors on the association of high levels of soft drink consumptions with depressive symptoms should be paid more attention among the adolescents.

17.
Org Lett ; 2022 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35901168

RESUMO

An enantioselective cyclopropanation reaction of sulfoxonium ylides with ß,γ-unsaturated ketoesters catalyzed by a chiral rhodium catalyst has been realized. A variety of optically pure 1,2,3-trisubstituted cyclopropanes was synthesized in 48-89% yields, with up to 99% ee, and with dr >20:1. Furthermore, research shows that a weak coordination between the chiral rhodium catalyst and ß,γ-unsaturated ketoesters was responsible for the high diastereoselectivity and enantioselectivity of the corresponding products.

18.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5466, 2022 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35902233

RESUMO

The multiterritory perforator flaps are widely used in plastic surgery. However, partial necrosis flap in the potential territory remains a challenge to plastic surgeons. We raised a novel "hybrid nourished mode" (HNM) flap based on the multiterritory deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap to improve flap survival. Thirty-two rabbits were randomly divided into DIEP and HNM groups. Untargeted metabolic mechanisms between the DIEP and HNM groups were performed using LC-MS under the filter criteria of fold change >20.0 times or <0.05, and variable importance value (VIP) was set at ≥1, p<0.05. Between the two groups, flap survival, perfusion, microvasculature, histopathology, and immunohistochemistry of CD31 were assessed on postoperative day 7. We screened 16 different metabolites that mainly participated in Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis, Phenylalanine metabolism, Arginine and proline metabolism and so on. The results of the HNM flaps were higher than those of DIEP flaps (p<0.05) in the aspect of flap survival, flap perfusion, and microvasculature. Compared with the DIEP flaps, HNM has a stronger advantage in tissue metabolism. This study provided us with a better understanding and strong evidence in terms of metabolites on how HNM achieves the survival of large multiterritory perforator flaps.

19.
Foods ; 11(15)2022 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35892804

RESUMO

"Golden flower" fungi in dark tea are beneficial to human health. The rapid identification method of "golden flower" fungi can verify the quality of dark tea products and ensure food safety. In this study, 6 strains were isolated from Liupao tea. They were respectively identified as A. cristatus, A. chevalieri, and A. pseudoglaucus. A. pseudoglaucus was reported as Liupao tea "golden flower" fungus for the first time. It was found that the ITS and BenA sequences of A. cristatus and A. chevalieri were highly conserved. It is difficult to clearly distinguish these closely related species by ITS sequencing. To rapidly identify species, multiplex PCR species-specific primers were designed based on orphan genes screened by comparative genomics analysis. Multiplex PCR results showed that orphan genes were specific and effective for the identification of A. cristatus and A. chevalieri isolated from Liupao tea and Fu brick tea. We confirmed that orphan genes can be used for identification of closely related Aspergillus species. Validation showed that the method is convenient, rapid, robust, sequencing-free, and economical. This promising method will be greatly beneficial to the dark tea processing industry and consumers.

20.
Front Oncol ; 12: 927249, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35860553

RESUMO

C12orf59 is a novel gene widely expressed in diverse normal human tissues. Aberrant expression of C12orf59, which is involved in tumor progression, has been reported in a few types of cancer. However, its expression and biological function in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remain largely unclear. Here, we found that the mRNA and protein levels of C12orf59 were prominently higher in both tumor tissues and most ESCC cell lines. Functionally, C12orf59 overexpression promoted ESCC cell proliferation, migration and invasion, whereas C12orf59 depletion worked oppositely. Mechanistically, C12orf59 exerted its oncogenic function through the induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of ESCC cells, which relied on Yes-associated protein (YAP) dephosphorylation and nuclear translocation. Constitutively active YAP further facilitated cell migration, invasion and EMT induced by enforced C12orf59 overexpression. On the contrary, increased cell motility and EMT caused by enforced C12orf59 overexpression were dramatically repressed upon YAP inactivation by verteporfin. Thus, we conclude that YAP activation driven by C12orf59 contributes to the malignancy of ESCC through EMT and that targeting drugs for C12orf59 combined with YAP inhibitor may be a potential therapeutic strategy for ESCC.

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