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1.
Front Nutr ; 9: 962212, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36438768

RESUMO

The influence of B vitamins on human fertility and infertility treatments remains elusive. Therefore, this study investigated the association of most B vitamins with IVF-ET outcomes. A total of 216 subjects aged <35 year in their first oocyte retrieval cycle were recruited. Blood samples from the participants were collected before the oocyte pick-up procedure, and serum levels of riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, vitamin B6 (including PA and PLP), folate, and methylmalonic acid (MMA) were detected using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). Endpoints were classified into three groups according to tertiles (lower, middle, and upper) of each vitamin index, and the association of the serum vitamin status with intermediate and clinical outcomes was analyzed using a generalized estimating equation model. Higher riboflavin levels were associated with elevated probabilities of high-quality embryos, as well as clinical pregnancy after embryo transfer. A greater likelihood of transferable embryos was found in the middle tertile of serum folate. Similarly, a negative correlation of serum MMA, a marker of vitamin B12 deficiency, with high-quality embryos was identified. No significance was observed for other vitamins in terms of all endpoints. Therefore, sufficient levels of pre-conception riboflavin, folate, and vitamin B12 are recommended for successful infertility treatment and pregnancy planning; further evidence is needed to confirm our conclusion.

2.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 927834, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35832433

RESUMO

A randomized sibling-embryo pilot trial investigated whether two ways of laser-assisted hatching result in different blastulation and clinical outcomes after extended in vitro culture process of highly fragmented day-3 cleavage embryos. From 92 couples, a total of 315 highly fragmented day-3 embryos (the fragmentation >25%) were recruited and randomized into laser-assisted zona thinning (LAT, n=157) and opening (LAO, n=158) groups, and then underwent a blastocyst culture in vitro. The main endpoint measurements including blastocyst formation and grading as well as the clinical pregnancy after blastocyst transfer were obtained during the treatment procedure of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer, and then analyzed with generalized estimating equation (GEE) and/or time-to blastocyst analysis models. A total of 166 day-3 embryos developed into blastocyst stage (52.70%), of which 97 were viable blastocysts (30.79%), and 42 top-quality ones (13.33%). LAT did not have any inferior or superior to LAO in the endpoints of either total, viable, top-quality or hatched blastocyst formation, with the ORs (95%CI) from GEE model as 0.89 (0.55-1.45), 0.71 (0.42-1.21), 1.12 (0.56-2.25) and 0.68 (0.42-1.12) respectively for LAT treatment. And the time-to-blastocyst analysis showed a similar result. Additionally, no difference in clinical outcomes after blastocyst transfer was found between the two groups. The author concluded that when applying the LAHs during the extended culture of highly fragmented embryos, both LAT and LAO can generate a promising clinical outcome, and the LAT operation be equivalent to the LAO. Future well-designed, multiple-center, larger-sample investigations are required to ascertain above conclusion.


Assuntos
Transferência Embrionária , Irmãos , Técnicas de Cultura Embrionária , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Lasers , Projetos Piloto , Gravidez
3.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 298(5): 861-871, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30220024

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis is to explore the beneficial role of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on infertile women under artificial reproduction technology treatment. METHOD: Medline, Embase and ISI Web of Science databases were searched to identify relevant randomized control trials. Studies before July, 2017 were included for primary screening. Meta-analysis of the total and subgroup patients was conducted, and relative risks (RRs) and their 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated by a fixed-effect model if no heterogeneity (evaluated as I2 statistic) existed. Otherwise, a random-effects model was adopted. Subgroup analysis was performed by administrating route or clinical indication. Egger test and influence analysis were conducted to evaluate the publication bias and study power, respectively. RESULTS: The final selection enrolled 10 RCTs, involving 1016 IVF-ET cycles (521 distributed to the G-CSF group and 495 to the control). Compared with control group, G-CSF administration could significantly improve clinical pregnancy rate (CPR, RR 1.89, 95% CI 1.53-2.33), while it had no beneficial effect on embryo implantation rate (IR, RR 1.84, 95% CI 0.84-4.03). The subgroup analysis by administration route showed that both uterine infusion and subcutaneous injection can produce a substantial increase in CPR, with the pooled RRs (95% CI) 1.46 (1.04-2.05) and 2.23 (1.68-2.95), respectively. Nevertheless, most of included RCTs dealt with the RIF subjects, and the pooled analysis of this data showed a higher PR and IR in G-CSF group as compared to that in the control, with the RRs (95% CI) 2.07 (1.64-2.61) and 1.52 (1.08-2.14), respectively. Egger regression test did not demonstrate any significance for the publication bias. CONCLUSION: G-CSF administration has a beneficial role on the clinical outcome after embryo transfer by both routes of local infusion and systematic administration, especially for the cases with RIF. Further RCTs are needed to investigate the role of G-CSF in thin endometrium patients.


Assuntos
Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Infertilidade Feminina/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/farmacologia , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/patologia , Gravidez
4.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(2): 162-166, 2018 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29779277

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to study the effect of the improved partial denture treatment in the rehabilitation of patients with temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD). METHODS: Twenty middle-aged and old patients suffering from osteoarthrosis were treated with the improved partial denture treatment. These patients were followed up during the partial denture treatment and after the rehabilitation. Both the clinical symptoms and Fricton's craniomandibular index were used to evaluate the clinical effects. Data were analyzed using SPSS17.0. RESULTS: The effective rate reached 100% when the patients wore partial dentures for 1 month. All of the 20 patients were comfortable with temporomandibular joint, and they expressed ultimate satisfaction with the denture. The Fricton indexes of 20 patients decreased significantly after the treatment (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Partial denture treatment is an ideal method in rehabilitation for patients with TMD (osteoarthrosis) and dentition defect.


Assuntos
Prótese Parcial , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Dentição , Dentaduras , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Articulação Temporomandibular , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/reabilitação
5.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 36(8): 2607-12, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30074373

RESUMO

A set of coal samples were used for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) experiment to measure the coal calorific value. Traditional channel normalization method didn't consider the physical / chemical mechanism of coal, which would limit the model in precision, accuracy and repeatability. Thus a new calibrated model based on the kinds of the effects of spectral deviation was proposed in this paper. The model selected 19 groups of coal samples, where the random 15 groups were used to establish quantitative analysis model of calorific value while the remaining four for inspection and evaluation. The model based on spectral deviation factors, and the transmission theory combined with the stark broadening formula was used to deduce the absorption effect mechanism and the deviation correction method under the condition of LIBS. The mutual interference between elements and the mechanism of matrix effect were being analyzed while K coefficient method was used to correct mutual interference between the elements in the LIBS. The establishment of numerical model with the electron density, the plasma temperature and the element concentration was used to deeply corrected spectrum deviation caused by matrix effect. Thus taking into consideration of the effect of self-absorption, interfere of inter-elements and matrix effect, the calibration model was established, while R2=0.967, RMSEP=0.49 MJ·kg-1, RMSE=0.45 MJ·kg-1, MRE=2.42%, ARE=1.64%, RSD=5.79% and RSDP=8.10%. Compared with the 0.405, 8.28 MJ·kg-1, 4.14 MJ·kg-1, 22.85%, 52.48%, 18.28% and 32.85% of traditional channel normalized-multiple linear regression method, it demonstrated that the precision and accuracy have been improved significantly and model has good application value.

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