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1.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(8): 814-820, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511171

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the survival rate and the incidence of complications of very preterm infants and the factors influencing the survival rate and the incidence of complications. METHODS: The medical data of the very preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks and who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology in 11 hospitals of Jiangsu Province in China from January 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Their survival rate and the incidence of serious complications were analyzed. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk factors for death and serious complications in very preterm infants. RESULTS: A total of 2 339 very preterm infants were enrolled, among whom 2 010 (85.93%) survived and 1 507 (64.43%) survived without serious complications. The groups with a gestational age of 22-25+6 weeks, 26-26+6 weeks, 27-27+6 weeks, 28-28+6 weeks, 29-29+6 weeks, 30-30+6 weeks, and 31-31+6 weeks had a survival rate of 32.5%, 60.6%, 68.0%, 82.9%, 90.1%, 92.3%, and 94.8% respectively. The survival rate tended to increase with the gestational age (P<0.05) and the survival rate without serious complications in each gestational age group was 7.5%, 18.1%, 34.5%, 52.2%, 66.7%, 75.7%, and 81.8% respectively, suggesting that the survival rate without serious complications increased with the gestational age (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that high gestational age, high birth weight, and prenatal use of glucocorticoids were protective factors against death in very preterm infants (P<0.05), and 1-minute Apgar score ≤3 was a risk factor for death in very preterm infants (P<0.05); high gestational age and high birth weight were protective factors against serious complications in very preterm infants who survived (P<0.05), while 5-minute Apgar score ≤3 and maternal chorioamnionitis were risk factors for serious complications in very preterm infants who survived (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The survival rate is closely associated with gestational age in very preterm infants. A low 1-minute Apgar score (≤3) may increase the risk of death in very preterm infants, while high gestational age, high birth weight, and prenatal use of glucocorticoids are associated with the reduced risk of death. A low 5-minute Apgar score (≤3) and maternal chorioamnionitis may increase the risk of serious complications in these infants, while high gestational age and high birth weight may reduce the risk of serious complications.


Assuntos
Doenças do Prematuro , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
2.
J Cell Physiol ; 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34061988

RESUMO

Many clinical studies have reported that patients diagnosed with cancer will suffer from sleep disturbance during their clinical process, especially among lung cancer patients, and this effect will not easily subside. 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin-D3 [1,25(OH)2 D3 ], the activated form of vitamin D, can participate in neuronal differentiation and prevent damage to the nervous system. However, little is known about the potential therapeutic effects of cancer-related psychiatric symptoms. In light of this, we hypothesized that a low circulating level of vitamin D was related to sleep quality in the presence of a tumor, 1,25(OH)2 D3 may be an effective way to ameliorate sleep disturbance and neurochemical alterations along with the cancer progress. Male C57BL/6 mice were implanted with intracranial transmitters to monitor electroencephalogram and were subcutaneously inoculated with Lewis lung cancer cells. The results demonstrated that on Days 19-20, tumor-bearing mice displayed fragmented sleep, shortened wake phase, prolonged sleep in the non-rapid eye movement phase, and the levels of vitamin D-associated genes in the brain had changed a lot compared to control mice. Importantly, 1,25(OH)2 D3 treatment really effectively saved the sleep quality of tumor-bearing mice. We further explored and confirmed that 1,25(OH)2 D3 repressed tumor-induced neuroinflammation (IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ, and IL-2), enhanced neurotrophic factors (brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF], glialcellline-derived neurotrophic factor) and 5-HT system in the hippocampus, hypothalamus or cortex. A molecular docking approah manifested the ability of 1,25(OH)2 D3 to affect the activity of tryptophan hydroxylase 2 and BDNF. Together, our results suggested that 1,25(OH)2 D3 treatment may attenuate sleep disturbance in Lewis lung cancer-bearing mice, and become a promising strategy for treating cancer symptom clusters to ameliorate the quality of life of patients with cancer.

3.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(6): 593-598, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34130781

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical features of preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g undergoing different intensities of resuscitation. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g and a gestational age less than 32 weeks who were treated in the neonatal intensive care unit of 20 hospitals in Jiangsu, China from January 2018 to December 2019. According to the intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room, the infants were divided into three groups:non-tracheal intubation (n=1 184), tracheal intubation (n=166), and extensive cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR; n=116). The three groups were compared in terms of general information and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Compared with the non-tracheal intubation group, the tracheal intubation and ECPR groups had significantly lower rates of cesarean section and use of antenatal corticosteroid (P < 0.05). As the intensity of resuscitation increased, the Apgar scores at 1 minute and 5 minutes gradually decreased (P < 0.05), and the proportion of infants with Apgar scores of 0 to 3 at 1 minute and 5 minutes gradually increased (P < 0.05). Compared with the non-tracheal intubation group, the tracheal intubation and ECPR groups had significantly higher mortality rate and incidence rates of moderate-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia and serious complications (P < 0.05). The incidence rates of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ intracranial hemorrhage and retinopathy of prematurity (stage Ⅲ or above) in the tracheal intubation group were significantly higher than those in the non-tracheal intubation group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: For preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g, the higher intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room is related to lower rate of antenatal corticosteroid therapy, lower gestational age, and lower birth weight. The infants undergoing tracheal intubation or ECRP in the delivery room have an increased incidence rate of adverse clinical outcomes. This suggests that it is important to improve the quality of perinatal management and delivery room resuscitation to improve the prognosis of the infants.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Peso ao Nascer , China , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Life Sci ; 278: 119613, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000263

RESUMO

AIMS: SLC9A1 plays an important role in the growth, differentiation and glycolysis of tumor cells. The present study aimed to elucidate the correlation between SLC9A1 and tumor immune infiltration. MAIN METHODS: Expression level of SLC9A1 gene in tumors was identified in GEPIA. The correlation between SLC9A1 and survival in various types of cancers was analyzed by the PrognoScan. SLC9A1 immune infiltration levels and clinical correlation analysis was generated via TIMER and TIMER2.0. KEGG enrichment analysis of SLC9A1 expression was evaluated via STRING. KEY FINDINGS: We found that, in cancers such as liver hepatocellular carcinoma (LIHC), the expression of SLC9A1 was significantly higher in tumor tissues compared with normal tissues, and was significantly associated with poor prognosis. Further analysis showed that SLC9A1 expression in LIHC was significantly positively correlated with immune cell infiltration, and the correlation was the highest for LIHC among 40 cancers. The expression of SLC9A1 is significantly correlated with the immune marker set of most immune cells in LIHC. Furthermore, we found that the expression level of TGF-ß (TGFB1) in Tregs showed the highest correlation with the expression of SLC9A1 in LIHC. SIGNIFICANCE: The increased expression of SLC9A1 is positively correlated with the prognosis of cancer and the level of immune infiltration. Therefore, SLC9A1 is an important prognostic factor for immunotherapy against hepatocellular carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/imunologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Trocador 1 de Sódio-Hidrogênio/imunologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Prognóstico , Trocador 1 de Sódio-Hidrogênio/genética , Transcriptoma
5.
Phytochemistry ; 178: 112461, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692660

RESUMO

Eight pairs of enantiomeric lignans and neolignans including thirteen undescribed compounds, along with an undescribed meso compound, were isolated from the herbs of Solanum lyratum Thunb.(Solanaceae). Their structures and relative configurations were determined by extensive spectroscopic analyses of HRESIMS and nuclear magnetic resonance. The absolute configurations of the pure isomers were established based on the cooperative comparison between the experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) and optical rotation (OR). It is interesting that we obtained several naturally occurring stereoisomers with the identical gross structure possessing several stereogenic carbons from S. lyratum. Additionally, all isolates were assessed for neuroprotective effects toward human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells injury induced by H2O2.


Assuntos
Lignanas , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Solanum , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Estrutura Molecular
6.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(7): 690-695, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32669162

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and the management on the treatment and follow-up of this disease in Jiangsu Province, China. METHODS: The neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia who were admitted to 13 hospitals in Jiangsu Province from January to December, 2018, were enrolled as subjects. A retrospective analysis was performed on their mediacal data and follow-up data. RESULTS: In 2018, 740 neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia were reported from the 13 hospitals in Jiangsu Province, accounting for 2.70% (740/27 386) of the total number of neonates admitted to the department of neonatology. Among these neonates, 620 (83.8%) had severe hyperbilirubinemia, 106 (14.3%) had extremely severe hyperbilirubinemia, and 14 (1.9%) had hazardous hyperbilirubinemia. Four neonates (0.5%) were diagnosed with acute bilirubin encephalopathy. A total of 484 neonates (65.4%) were readmitted due to severe hyperbilirubinemia after discharge from the delivery institution, with a median age of 7 days, among whom 214 (44.2%) were followed up for jaundice at the outpatient service before readmission, with a median age of 6 days at the first time of outpatient examination. During hospitalization, 211 neonates (28.5%) underwent cranial MRI examinations, among whom 85 (40.3%) had high T1WI signal in the bilateral basal ganglia and the globus pallidus; 238 neonates (32.2%) underwent brainstem auditory evoked potential examinations, among whom 14 (5.9%) passed only at one side and 7 (2.9%) failed at both sides. The 17 neonates with acute bilirubin encephalopathy or hazardous hyperbilirubinemia were followed up. Except one neonate was lost to follow-up, and there were no abnormal neurological symptoms in the other neonates. CONCLUSIONS: Neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia account for a relatively high proportion of the total number of neonates in the department of neonatology. Jaundice monitoring and management after discharge from delivery institutions need to be strengthened. For neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia, relevant examinations should be carried out more comprehensively during hospitalization and these neonates should be followed up comprehensively and systematically after discharge.


Assuntos
Hiperbilirrubinemia Neonatal , Bilirrubina , China , Potenciais Evocados Auditivos do Tronco Encefálico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 128: 110256, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32446115

RESUMO

Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is one of the most common and serious complications in cancer patients, which greatly reduces the quality of life. The mechanism induced fatigue may be diverse. In this study, we tried to investigate the effect of 1,25(OH)2D3, the active metabolite of vitamin D on CRF in Lewis lung cancer-bearing mice. Network pharmacological analysis, behavioral testing, western blotting, ELISA and flow cytometry were used. We found that there was an interaction between proteins related to the role of 1,25(OH)2D3 and CRF-related proteins. The results of animal model experiments showed that 1,25(OH)2D3 could mitigate the CRF behavior of tumor-bearing mice, and the treatment of 1,25(OH)2D3 reduced the levels of inflammatory factors, changed the tryptophan metabolism direction, and caused changes in immune cells. Collectively, 1,25(OH)2D3 might improve CRF in tumor-bearing mice by changing the direction of tryptophan metabolism and inflammatory factor levels. This study provided a possible solution for patients with clinical CRF.


Assuntos
Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Calcitriol/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis/tratamento farmacológico , Fadiga/prevenção & controle , Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Animais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis/psicologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Fadiga/metabolismo , Fadiga/psicologia , Elevação dos Membros Posteriores , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Teste de Desempenho do Rota-Rod
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(14): e19413, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243360

RESUMO

The aim of this observational study was to test whether ABO blood type was a prognostic factor for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients and whether other risk factors could influence pancreatic cancer patients' survival. This study included 610 patients who were diagnosed as pancreatic cancer and had undergone radical surgery. Patients' characteristics included age, gender, tumor stage, tumor grade, adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) status, preoperative serum carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) levels, preoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels, ABO blood type, smoking status, and drinking status were analyzed in this study. Cox proportional hazards regression model and Kaplan-Meier method were used to evaluate the role of prognostic factors. For pancreatic cancer patients undergoing radical surgery, the overall survival was worse for ASC patients than PDAC patients (Log-rank = 11.315, P < .001). Compared with ASC patients (Log-rank < 0.001, P = .996), PDAC patients can benefit from chemotherapy (Log-rank = 17.665, P < .001). For PDAC patients, O blood type had better overall survival than non-O blood type (Log-rank = 4.153, P = .042). Moreover, the group with higher serum levels of CA19-9 had poor prognosis compared to another group with low serum CA19-9 (Log-rank = 4.122, P = .042). Higher CEA levels indicated poor prognosis (Log-rank = 13.618, P < .001). In conclusion, ASC status was associated with overall survival of pancreatic cancer patients and cannot benefit from postoperative chemotherapy. Non-O blood type was a prognostic factor for PDAC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/mortalidade , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Sistema ABO de Grupos Sanguíneos/sangue , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Antígeno CA-19-9/sangue , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Carcinoma Adenoescamoso/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Fumar Cigarros/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
9.
Fitoterapia ; 143: 104559, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32199958

RESUMO

Four undescribed oxylipin vanillyl acetals with four stereogenic carbons were isolated from the herbs of Solanum lyratum. A comprehensive set of spectroscopic methods were used to elucidate the structures and relative configurations of 1-4. The absolute configurations of the naturally occurring compounds are assigned as 7S, 9'S, 10'S, 11'R at the site of six-membered cyclic acetal attachment by electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations and the modified Mosher's method. Compounds 1 and 3 displayed moderate selective inhibition against Hep3B and HepG2 cells, respectively. Further Annexin V-FITC/PI staining assay revealed that 1 and 3 might have inhibitory effects on hepatoma cells through induction of apoptosis.


Assuntos
Acetais/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Oxilipinas/farmacologia , Solanum/química , Acetais/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Apoptose , China , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Oxilipinas/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
10.
Fitoterapia ; 139: 104411, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705951

RESUMO

Eleven sesquiterpenoids including four new eudesmane sesquiterpenoids, solanoids A-D (1-4), and seven known compounds (5-11) were isolated from the herbs of Solanum lyratum. By analyzing the UV, MS and NMR data, the gross structures of all isolates were established. The absolute configurations of these new compounds were determined by comparison of the experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. The in vitro cytotoxicity of all isolates against the hepatocellular carcinoma Hep3B and HepG2 cell lines was evaluated. Among them, compounds 7 and 11 exhibited moderate cytotoxicity against two cell lines.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos de Eudesmano/farmacologia , Solanum/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , China , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Sesquiterpenos de Eudesmano/isolamento & purificação
11.
Biol Proced Online ; 21: 11, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31205452

RESUMO

Objective: Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) is a novel mechanism of tumor blood supply distinct from endothelial vessel (EV). VM is associated with malignancy, invasion, metastasis, and poor prognosis. Hitherto a noninvasive method for the assessment of VM in vivo has been lacking. Methods: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) was performed to evaluate the quantitative parameters of tumors in mice. CD31 immunohistochemistry-Periodic Acid-Schiff double staining was conducted to identify the VM or EV in tumor tissues. Correlations between perfusion parameters and VM density was analyzed by Pearson correlation test. Results: By the 15th day after tumor inoculation, the EV and VM density was 31.15 ± 7.14 and 14.11 ± 2.99 per 200× field. The maximal intensity (IMAX) was 301.19 ± 191.56%, and the rise time (RT), time to peak (TTP) and mean transit time (mTT) were 17.38 ± 7.82 s, 20.27 ± 9.61 s and 58.09 ± 26.44 s, respectively. VM density positively correlated to RT (r = 0.3598, P = 0.0226), TTP (r = 0.3733, P = 0.0177) and mTT(r = 0.6483, P <  0.0001), whereas EV density positively correlated to IMAX (r = 0.4519, P = 0.0034). The vascular diameter of VM was substantially larger than that of EV (43.81 ± 5.88 µm vs 11.21 ± 4.13 µm). Conclusion: Three quantitative parameters related to VM were obtained and the relationships between CEUS and VM were established. CEUS might thus provide a novel noninvasive method to assess VM in vivo.

12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(2): 708-716, 2019 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30628334

RESUMO

The zero-valent iron (ZVI) immobilized in an alginate microsphere was prepared by using sodium alginate as a support material. The characteristics of the Fe0/alginate microsphere was characterized by FT-IR, SEM, BET, and XPS. The SEM and BET analyses showed that the Fe0/alginate microsphere had a multilevel porous structure and could adsorb ARB. Combined with Fe0 reduction and Fe3+/Fe2+ catalytic oxidation, the mineralization of ARB could be effectively realized. The ARB in the solution was discolored rapidly by the reduction of Fe0/alginate microsphere and then oxidized efficiently by the subsequent Fenton reaction. The discoloration rate of ARB in the reduction stage was 96.8%, with an Fe0/alginate microsphere dosage of 0.24g·L-1 and pH of 2.96 after reaction time of 180 min. ARB was reduced to organics of lower molecular weight due to the degradation of azo groups by Fe0. In the subsequent Fenton oxidation stage, the mineralization degree of ARB increased to 64.7% after the addition of 10.75 mmol·L-1 H2O2. The influence of the Fe0/alginate microsphere dosage, pH, reusability of the Fe0/alginate microsphere, and the stability of iron ions in the alginate microsphere were investigated. Due to the coordination of Fe3+/Fe2+ ions with -COO--in the alginate, the iron ion in the solution was 3.9% of the total iron content in the microsphere. Iron ions could be well immobilized in calcium alginate microspheres, so the iron hydroxides were generated in lower amounts. The Fenton reaction can be conducted in a wide range of pH. The Fe2+/Fe3+immobilized in the alginate microsphere demonstrated good catalytic performance after it was reused four times. Therefore, the synergy of reduction and Fenton oxidation by the Fe0/alginate microsphere was a better strategy for dye degradation.

13.
Molecules ; 23(8)2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30071672

RESUMO

Background: Allergic disease is a common clinical disease. Natural products provide an important source for a wide range of potential anti-allergic agents. This study was designed to evaluate the anti-allergic activities of the water-soluble polysaccharides extracted and purified from Saposhnikoviae Radix (SRPS). The composition and content of monosaccharides were determined to provide a material basis. Methods: An ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was established to determine the composition and content of SRPS. 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB) induced a delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) mouse model orally administrated SRPS for seven consecutive days. Ear swelling, organ index, and serum IgE levels were observed to evaluate the anti-allergic activities. Results: The UPLC-MS/MS analysis showed that SRPS was consisted of eight monosaccharides including galacturonic acid, mannose, glucose, galactose, rhamnose, fucose, ribose, and arabinose with a relative molar ratio of 4.42%, 7.86%, 23.69%, 12.06%, 3.10%, 0.45%, 0.71%, and 47.70%, respectively. SRPS could effectively reduce ear swelling, a thymus index, and a serum IgE levels. Conclusions: The method was simple, rapid, sensitive, and reproducible, which could be used to analyze and determine the monosaccharide composition of SRPS. The vivo experiments demonstrated that SRPS may effectively inhibit development of DNFB-induced DTH. SRPS is a novel potential resource for natural anti-allergic drugs.


Assuntos
Apiaceae/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Monossacarídeos/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Animais , Antialérgicos/análise , Antialérgicos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/análise , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Dinitrofluorbenzeno/toxicidade , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Hipersensibilidade Tardia/induzido quimicamente , Hipersensibilidade Tardia/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Monossacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Polissacarídeos/análise , Polissacarídeos/uso terapêutico
14.
Oncotarget ; 9(3): 3267-3277, 2018 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29423045

RESUMO

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative pathology, originating from the hematopoietic cancer stem cells (hCSCs) due to the Bcl-Abl Philadelphia chromosome transformation. However, targeting these hCSCs as an effective anti-CML strategy is relatively less explored. Ovatodiolide (Ova) is a natural diterpenoid isolate of Anisomeles indica with broad anticancer activity. In this study, we investigated the anti-hCSCs potential of Ova against CD34+/CD38-, CD34+/CD38+, and unsorted K562 cell lines using flow cytometry, western blot, RT-PCR, genomic mapping, and tumorsphere formation assays. We demonstrated that compared to unsorted K562 and CD34+/CD38+, CD34+/CD38- cells were significantly enriched with Oct4, Sox2, CD133, Bcr-Abl, p-CrkL and p-Stat5 protein and/or mRNA. Furthermore, we showed that Ova alone or by enhancing the therapeutic potential of Imatinib, reduced the viability of CML cell lines, dose-dependently, irrespective of the cancer stemness, as well as markedly inhibit the Bcr-Abl, p-CrkL, Stat5, and MDR protein expression levels in CD34+ cells. Mechanistic investigations revealed a significant up-regulation of hsa-miR-155, which resulted in the reduction of dysregulating the PIK3CA expression in Ova-treated K562 CD34+/CD38- cells. Additionally, Ova alone or in combination with Imatinib suppressed the hCSC traits of the CD34+/CD38- cells, resulting in loss of their ability to form tumorspheres, enhanced apoptosis, increase in the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, and dysregulation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. Together, these results demonstrate the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling-mediated anti-hCSC effect of Ova in CML, as well as suggest a likely role for Ova as a small molecule PI3K/mTOR dual inhibitor, thus, extending its potential benefit to other mTOR-mediated pathologies.

15.
Zootaxa ; 4189(1): zootaxa.4189.1.12, 2016 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27988766

RESUMO

The genus Isegama Krombein is recorded from China for the first time and one new species, Isegama sinica Li & Xu, sp. nov. (China: Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan) is described and illustrated. Key to species of the genus is provided.


Assuntos
Vespas/classificação , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia , Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , China , Feminino , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Vespas/anatomia & histologia , Vespas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
16.
Zootaxa ; 4147(1): 75-81, 2016 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27515605

RESUMO

The genus Indothrix Krombein, 1957 is newly recorded from China. Indothrix brevicornis Li & Xu, sp. nov. (China: Zhejiang) is described and illustrated. Key to the three world species of the genus is given.


Assuntos
Vespas/anatomia & histologia , Vespas/classificação , Animais , Masculino , Especificidade da Espécie
17.
Zootaxa ; 4121(1): 73-6, 2016 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27395205

RESUMO

The genus Kryptosega Kimsey 1986 was described in the subfamily Amiseginae with two new species, K. anomala Kimsey and K. kaindeana Kimsey from New Guinea (Kimsey 1986). Later third species K. mweramwera Villemant was described from Vanuatu (Villemant et al. 2012). The genus resembles Indothris Krombein, 1957 by having head with occipital carina, mesopleuron without scrobal sulcus, and hind coxa without dorsobasal carina, but differs from the latter by having metanotum without median enclosure, and propodeum rounded posterolaterally (Kimsey & Bohart 1991). Amiseginae are the parasites of the eggs of walking stick insects (Phasmida) and can be found in the low vegetation or leaf litter (Kimsey & Bohart 1991). However, the biology of Kryptosega is still unknown (Villemant et al. 2012).


Assuntos
Vespas/classificação , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia , Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , Feminino , Masculino , Nova Guiné , Tamanho do Órgão , Vanuatu , Vespas/anatomia & histologia , Vespas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
18.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 14: 93, 2014 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25074400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal cutoff of the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) among Han adults in Xinjiang, which is located in the center of Asia, is unknown. We aimed to examine the relationship between different WHRs and cardiovascular risk factors among Han adults in Xinjiang, and determine the optimal cutoff of the WHR. METHODS: The Cardiovascular Risk Survey was conducted from October 2007 to March 2010. A total of 14618 representative participants were selected using a four-stage stratified sampling method. A total of 5757 Han participants were included in the study. The present statistical analysis was restricted to the 5595 Han subjects who had complete anthropometric data. The sensitivity, specificity, and distance on the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve in each WHR level were calculated. The shortest distance in the ROC curves was used to determine the optimal cutoff of the WHR for detecting cardiovascular risk factors. RESULTS: In women, the WHR was positively associated with systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and serum concentrations of serum total cholesterol. The prevalence of hypertension and hypertriglyceridemia increased as the WHR increased. The same results were not observed among men. The optimal WHR cutoffs for predicting hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and ≥ two of these risk factors for Han adults in Xinjiang were 0.92, 0.92, 0.91, 0.92 in men and 0.88, 0.89, 0.88, 0.89 in women, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Higher cutoffs for the WHR are required in the identification of Han adults aged ≥ 35 years with a high risk of cardiovascular diseases in Xinjiang.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etnologia , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/etnologia , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Área Sob a Curva , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pressão Sanguínea , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/diagnóstico , Hipercolesterolemia/etnologia , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/etnologia , Hipertrigliceridemia/diagnóstico , Hipertrigliceridemia/etnologia , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
19.
Neurosci Lett ; 560: 21-5, 2014 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24345418

RESUMO

Dexmedetomidine, a selective alpha 2-adrenoceptor (α2AR) agonist, has provided significant analgesia in neuropathic pain. However, its underlying molecular mechanism has not been fully elucidated. In the present study, we found that intrathecal administration of dexmedetomidine alleviated mechanical allodynia induced by chronic constriction injury (CCI), and pretreatment with BRL44408 significantly reversed the dexmedetomidine-induced anti-nociceptive effect. Western blotting revealed that dexmedetomidine reduced the activation of microglia and the upregulation of interleukin-18 (IL-18) protein expression in the ipsilateral lumbar spinal dorsal horn, while BRL44408 pretreatment significantly blocked these effects of dexmedetomidine. Immunocytochemistry/immunohistochemistry indicated that the α2A-adrenoceptor was localised to microglia in primary culture, and IL-18 predominantly colocalised with the microglial marker Iba-1 in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. These results suggest that the IL-18 signalling pathway in microglia may be involved in the anti-nociceptive effect of dexmedetomidine in rats subjected to CCI.


Assuntos
Analgésicos não Narcóticos/farmacologia , Dexmedetomidina/farmacologia , Interleucina-18/metabolismo , Microglia/metabolismo , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico , Medula Espinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Analgésicos não Narcóticos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Doença Crônica , Constrição Patológica , Dexmedetomidina/uso terapêutico , Hiperalgesia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperalgesia/metabolismo , Hiperalgesia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Limiar da Dor , Estimulação Física , Células do Corno Posterior/efeitos dos fármacos , Células do Corno Posterior/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa 2/metabolismo , Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Tato
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