Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 758
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Affect Disord ; 264: 187-192, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poor mental health status among both pregnant and postpartum women is commonly reported worldwide. The associations between mental health outcomes and giving birth to the second child since the implementation of China's universal two-child policy have not been identified. METHODS: A large-scale based mental health survey was conducted between March 2017 and December 2018 in Suzhou, China. The survey evaluated the symptoms of anxiety, hypomania, depression and poor sleep quality among both pregnant and postpartum women. RESULTS: A total of 3113 questionnaires were collected, the prevalence of anxiety, hypomanic and depressive symptoms and poor sleep quality in our sample were 3.2% (95%CI: 2.6%-3.9%), 51.7% (95%CI: 49.9%-53.4%), 12.4% (95%CI: 11.3%-13.6%) and 37.8% (95%CI: 36.0%-39.5%), respectively. Logistic regression showed that giving birth to the second child was positively associated with women's age, and was negatively correlated with higher educational level and living in rented housing. Women with the second pregnancy or child were positively associated with anxiety symptoms in the whole sample (OR = 1.75, 95%CI: 1.11-2.75) and among prenatal women (OR = 2.11, 95%CI: 1.16-3.83), while it was inversely correlated with depressive symptoms among postpartum women (OR = 0.63, 95%CI: 0.41-0.99). CONCLUSIONS: Women giving birth a second time were more prone to have anxiety symptoms among the prenatal women and the whole sample, and less likely to have depressive symptoms among the postpartum women. Efficacious measures and interventions are essential to improve maternal mental health.

2.
J Neuroradiol ; 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether leukoaraiosis (LA) severity is associated with earlier neurological outcome in acute stroke patients undergoing mechanical thrombectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective multicenter study, we evaluated 273 acute stroke patients treated with mechanical thrombectomy. LA severity was graded as 0-2 (absent-to-moderate) versus 3-4 (severe) according to the van Swieten scale. The main clinical outcome was the proportion of early neurological improvement and early neurological deterioration. Early neurological improvement was defined as a decrease of≥4 points on the NIHSS, or an NIHSS score of zero 24hours after baseline assessment. Early neurological deterioration was defined as an increase of≥4 points on the NIHSS 24hours after baseline assessment. RESULTS: There was a significantly lower early neurological improvement rate (17.1% versus 39.2%; P=0.006) and non-significantly higher early neurological deterioration rate (29.3% versus 17.7%; P=0.084) in patients with severe LA (sLA) compared with patients with absent-to-moderate LA. In multivariable analysis, sLA was inversely associated with early neurological improvement (OR, 0.31; 95% CI, 0.13-0.78; P=0.012). There was no significant association of sLA with early neurological deterioration. However, in patients without symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, sLA was an independent predictor of early neurological deterioration (OR, 2.65; 95% CI, 1.09-6.45; P=0.032). CONCLUSIONS: sLA is a significant negative predictor of early neurological improvement and is an independent predictor of early neurological deterioration in patients without symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage.

3.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 99: 99-106, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032764

RESUMO

Grass carp reovirus (GCRV) is an efficient pathogen causing high mortality in grass carp, meanwhile, fish interferon (IFN) is a powerful cytokine enabling host cells to establish an antiviral state; therefore, the strategies used by GCRV to escape the cellular IFN response need to be investigated. Here, we report that GCRV VP56 inhibits host IFN production by degrading the transcription factor IFN regulatory factor 7 (IRF7). First, overexpression of VP56 inhibited the IFN production induced by the polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly I:C) and mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS), while the capacity of IRF7 on IFN induction was unaffected. Second, VP56 interacted with RLRs but did not affect the stabilization of the proteins in the normal state, while the phosphorylated IRF7 activated by TBK1 was degraded by VP56 through K48-linked ubiquitination. Finally, overexpression of VP56 remarkably reduced the host cellular ifn transcription and facilitated viral proliferation. Taken together, our results demonstrate that GCRV VP56 suppresses the host IFN response by targeting phosphorylated IRF7 for ubiquitination and degradation.

4.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; 1867(5): 118676, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044386

RESUMO

In egress routes of malignancy, cancer cells are constantly subjected to shear stress imposed by blood/lymph flow. Increasing evidence points toward the regulatory roles of shear stress in tumor cell adhesion and motility. Although it is known that integrin endocytic trafficking governs focal adhesion (FA) turnover and cell migration, the effect and biological consequences of low shear stress (LSS) on integrin trafficking remain unclear. Here, we identified the critical role of integrin ß1 trafficking and caveolin-1 (Cav-1) mediated endocytosis in LSS-induced cell directional migration. LSS altered the distribution of integrin ß1 in MDA-MB-231 cells and significantly promoted its internalization and recycling, which in turn facilitated FA turnover and directional cell migration. Furthermore, LSS induced cytoskeleton remodeling, which was required for internalization of integrin ß1. LSS down-regulated the acetylation level of microtubules (MTs) via activating ROCK/HDAC6 pathway, resulting in elevation of MTs dynamics, Cav-1 motility, and Cav-1-dependent integrin ß1 recycling. We also showed that high HDAC6 expression was a ROCK-dependent prognostic factor, which was correlated with poor outcomes in breast cancer patients. Taken together, these results defined a novel mechanism by which LSS enhanced integrin ß1 trafficking via actin cytoskeleton remodeling and ROCK/HDAC6 mediated deacetylation of MTs, thereby promoting FAs turnover and directional cell migration.

5.
Chin J Nat Med ; 18(1): 28-35, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955821

RESUMO

Neuropathic pain (NP) has become a serious global health issue and a huge clinical challenge without available effective treatment. P2 receptors family is involved in pain transmission and represents a promising target for pharmacological intervention. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) contains multiple components which are effective in targeting different pathological mechanisms involved in NP. Different from traditional analgesics, which target a single pathway, TCMs take the advantage of multiple components and multiple targets, and can significantly improve the efficacy of treatment and contribute to the prediction of the risks of NP. Compounds of TCM acting at nucleotide P2 receptors in neurons and glial cells could be considered as a potential research direction for moderating neuropathic pain. This review summarized the recently published data and highlighted several TCMs that relieved NP by acting at P2 receptors.

6.
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol ; 318(2): R428-R434, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913685

RESUMO

Nonobstructive urinary retention (NOUR) is a medical condition without an effective drug treatment, but few basic science studies have focused on this condition. In α-chloralose-anesthetized cats, the bladder was cannulated via the dome and infused with saline to induce voiding that could occur without urethral outlet obstruction. A nerve cuff electrode was implanted for tibial nerve stimulation (TNS). The threshold (T) intensity for TNS to induce toe twitch was determined initially. Repeated (6 times) application of 30-min TNS (5 Hz, 0.2 ms, 4-6T) significantly (P < 0.05) increased bladder capacity to 180% of control and reduced the duration of the micturition contraction to 30% of control with a small decrease in contraction amplitude (80% of control), which resulted in urinary retention with a low-voiding efficiency of 30% and a large amount of residual volume equivalent to 130% of control bladder capacity. This NOUR condition persisted for >2 h after the end of repeated TNS. However, lower frequency TNS (1 Hz, 0.2 ms, 4T) applied during voiding partially reversed the NOUR by significantly (P < 0.05) increasing voiding efficiency to 60% and reducing residual volume to 70% of control bladder capacity without changing bladder capacity. These results revealed that tibial nerve afferent input can activate either an excitatory or an inhibitory central nervous system mechanism depending on afferent firing frequencies (1 vs. 5 Hz). This study established the first NOUR animal model that will be useful for basic science research aimed at developing new treatments for NOUR.

7.
Biosci Rep ; 40(2)2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31990034

RESUMO

This report aimed to investigate the carcinogenesis effects of E2F transcription factor 8 (E2F8) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). E2F8 expression level was compared in Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Oncomine. Survival analysis of E2F8 for HCC were conducted in Kaplan-Meier plotter. Correlations of E2F8 and clinico-pathological features were performed in TCGA. Enrichment of interacted and similar genes with E2F8 was evaluated in Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) and Metascape. We found that E2F8 was significantly up-regulated in tumor tissues compared with nontumor tissues (all P < 0.01). Moreover, E2F8 was significantly overexpressed in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) in HCC patients than that in healthy individuals (P < 0.001). Meta-analysis in Oncomine database confirmed that E2F8 was significantly higher in HCC tumors (P = 4.28E-08). Additionally, E2F8 elevation significantly correlated with overall survival (OS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), disease-specific survival (DSS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in HCC patients (all P < 0.01). E2F8 level was significantly higher in HCC patients with advanced neoplasm histologic grade, American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage and α-fetoprotein (AFP) elevation (all P < 0.05). Cox regression model demonstrated that high E2F8 was an independent risk factor for OS and DFS in HCC patients (HR = 2.16, P = 0.003 and HR = 1.64, P = 0.002, respectively). Enrichment analysis revealed that genes interacted/similar with E2F8 were mainly enriched in cell cycle pathways/biological process. Conclusively, up-regulated in tumors, E2F8 might accelerate tumor progression and result in unfavorable outcomes in HCC patients.

8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912818

RESUMO

An iodine promoted cascade cycloisomerization of 1-en-6,11-diynes is presented for the easy preparation of tetrahydrobenzo[f]isoquinolines. This developed reaction system is identified as having good functional-group applicability and can be scaled up to gram quantities. In this transformation, two new cyclic frameworks and one carbonyl group are formed with four new bonds constructed. Additionally, the resulting iodo-substituted compounds could be further derived through simple elimination reactions.

9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 497, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980641

RESUMO

Efficient conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) into value-added products is essential for clean energy research. Design of stable, selective, and powerful electrocatalysts for CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR) is highly desirable yet largely unmet. In this work, a series of metalloporphyrin-tetrathiafulvalene based covalent organic frameworks (M-TTCOFs) are designed. Tetrathiafulvalene, serving as electron donator or carrier, can construct an oriented electron transmission pathway with metalloporphyrin. Thus-obtained M-TTCOFs can serve as electrocatalysts with high FECO (91.3%, -0.7 V) and possess high cycling stability (>40 h). In addition, after exfoliation, the FECO value of Co-TTCOF nanosheets (~5 nm) is higher than 90% in a wide potential range from -0.6 to -0.9 V and the maximum FECO can reach up to almost 100% (99.7%, -0.8 V). The electrocatalytic CO2RR mechanisms are discussed and revealed by density functional theory calculations. This work paves a new way in exploring porous crystalline materials in electrocatalytic CO2RR.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31989745

RESUMO

Here, we developed a versatile strategy to covalently connect crystalline covalent organic frameworks (COFs) with semiconductors to create stable organic-inorganic Z-scheme heterojunctions for artificial photosynthesis. A series of COF-semiconductor Z-scheme photocatalysts integrating water oxidation semiconductors (TiO2, Bi2WO6 and α-Fe2O3) with CO2 reduction COFs (COF-316/318) were synthesized and exhibited high photocatalytic CO2-to-CO conversion efficiency (69.67/ 57.1/ 31.43 µmol/g/h for COF-318-TiO2/-Bi2WO6/-α-Fe2O3), with H2O as electron donor in the gas-solid CO2 reduction without additional photosensitizers and sacrificial agents. This is the first report of covalent bonded COF-inorganic semiconductor Z-scheme applied for artificial photosynthesis. Experiments and density functional theory confirmed the efficient electron transfer from semiconductors to COFs by covalent coupling, resulting in the electrons accumulated in cyano/pyridine of COF for CO2 reduction and positive holes leave in semiconductor for H2O oxidation, thus mimicking the natural photosynthesis. This work developed a new method to create covalent bond linked organic-inorganic Z-scheme heterojunction and demonstrated a breakthrough on the field of artificial photosynthesis.

11.
Carbohydr Polym ; 230: 115674, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887864

RESUMO

A novel macromolecular polysaccharide VGPⅠ-a was purified from Volvariella volvacea fruiting bodies with ultrasound-assisted extraction, ion exchange and gel chromatography. VGPⅠ-a was proved as a α- glucan with Mw of 1435.6 kDa and contained a 1,4-linked d-Glcp backbone with the substitution at C-6 with 1-linked d-Glcp residue. Congo-red test, AFM and SEM analysis showed VGPⅠ-a had a triple-helical conformation and the interacted chains to form a small screw-rod and dispersed appearance. VGPⅠ-a had no cytotoxic effect on macrophage RAW264.7 cells in vitro and significantly enhanced the production and mRNA expression of NO, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß in a dose-dependent manner. Further analyses demonstrated that VGPⅠ-a activated the MAPK signaling pathway by improving the phosphorylated levels of p38, JNK and ERK in RAW264.7 cells to promote the expression and secretion of above cytokines. These findings would provide a better understanding of V. volvacea glucan and its potential immunomodulating mechanisms.

12.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1866(3): 165625, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785406

RESUMO

One of the hallmarks of cancer progression is strong drug resistance during clinical treatments. The tumor microenvironment is closely associated with multidrug resistance, the optimization of tumor microenvironments may have a strong therapeutic effect. In this study, we configured polyacrylamide hydrogels of varying stiffness [low (10 kPa), intermediate (38 kPa) and high (57 kPa)] to simulate tissue physical matrix stiffness across different stages of breast cancer. After treatment with doxorubicin, cell survival rates on intermediate stiffness substrate are significantly higher. We find that high expression of ILK and YAP reduces the survival rates of breast cancer patients. Drug resistance is closely associated with the inactivation of the hippo pathway protein Merlin/MST/LATS and the activation of YAP. These results not only highlight the understanding of drug resistance mechanisms but also serve as a new basis for developing breast cancer treatment delivery systems.

13.
Nanotechnology ; 31(13): 135602, 2020 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791022

RESUMO

In order to obtain magnetic MoS2 and investigate the influence of magnetic moment on the microwave absorption properties of MoS2, transition metal element Ni-doped MoS2 (0-30 at%) was obtained by a hydrothermal synthesis. The results revealed that the low doping concentration (<10 at%) did not significantly change the crystal structure of MoS2, and the Ni element formed a Ni x Mo1-x S2 compound within the MoS2 bulk phase. While the high doping concentration (10-30 at%) led to the formation of impurities. The hydrothermal products which were formed by the accumulation of pleated nanosheets looked like spherical flowers. As the doping concentration further increased, the spherical particles became more compact. The magnetization of MoS2 could be increased by proper amount of Ni doping. When doping with 3 at% Ni (Ni-3), the M s value increased from 0.53 emu g-1 for non-doped MoS2 to 0.93 emu g-1. When the doping ratio was further increased, the M s value of the material decreased. The zigzag edges and variations in the number of vacancies in the materials may be the root of changes in magnetic properties. The overall performance of Ni-3 was also the best in the examined doping range. Compared with non-doped MoS2, the matching thickness decreased from 3.50 to 2.05 mm, while the minimum reflection loss value decreased from -55.18 to -58.08 dB, and the effective absorption bandwidth (<-10 dB) increased from 3.05 to 5.19 GHz. The excellent absorption performance of the doped materials can be attributed to the change of complex dielectric constant and complex permeability of MoS2 and resulting in the improvement of loss capability. This study may introduce new opportunities for fully exploiting these nanocrystals for microwave absorption, even for diluted magnetic semiconductors.

14.
J Org Chem ; 85(2): 622-632, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799847

RESUMO

An efficient Pd-catalyzed arylation of alkylpyridine based on the pyridinium activation strategy has been developed for synthesis of mixed aryl alkylpyridines. It was found that (1) the N-methyl group in the pyridinium salts acted as a transient activator and could be automatically departed after the reaction, (2) CuBr was an indispensable additive for achieving the C6-selective arylation, (3) the α-branched alkyl chain on the alkylpyridine greatly increased the yield of the product. Deuterium labelling experiment revealed that in the case of the α-branched alkylpyridine, the presence of CuBr completely inhibited the H/D exchange at the benzylic position and thus enabled the selective arylation at the C6 position. This protocol demonstrates a broad substrate scope, and with respect to both the aryl iodides and the α-branched alkylpyridine, the desired mixed aryl alkylpyridines were obtained in generally good to excellent yields.

15.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 9(1): e1901187, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800164

RESUMO

Highly efficient and stimulus-responsive nanomedicines for cancer treatment are currently receiving tremendous attention. In this study, an acid-triggered charge-reversible graphene-based all-in-one nanocomplex is appropriately designed by surface modification with multilayer polymers and simultaneous co-transportation of photosensitizer indocyanine green (ICG) and oligonucleotide inhibitor of miR-21 (miR-21i) to achieve highly efficient genetic phototherapy in a controlled manner. The nanocomplex (denoted as GPCP/miR-21i/ICG) effectively protects miR-21i from degradation and exhibits excellent photothermal/photochemical reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation as well as fluorescence imaging ability. The cargoes ICG and miR-21i can significantly be released at acidic pH compared with normal physiological medium and escaped from endosomes/lysosomes due to the acid-triggered charge reversal effect. Typically, the released miR-21i downregulate the endogenous miR-21 and result in the upregulation of the target proteins PTEN and Bax, thus increasing the phototherapeutic efficiency of ICG. High in vivo anticancer efficiency against the MDA-MB-231 triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) model is obtained due to the combination of genetic regulation of miR-21i and the photokilling effect of ICG. This work highlights the great potential of this smart nanocomplex as an attractive modality of gene-photo combined treatment of cancer, especially for intractable TNBC.

16.
Anal Chem ; 92(1): 616-621, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751112

RESUMO

Humic substances (HSs) are important electron acceptors and donors in soils and aquifers. The coupling of anoxic nitrogen (N) cycling to the function of HSs as a redox battery, however, remains poorly understood. Mediated electrochemical analysis is an emerging tool to determine the redox properties (i.e., electron donating capacity (EDC), electron accepting capacity (EAC), and redox state) of HS. However, the presence of nitrite (NO2-), a central intermediate of the N-cycle, interferes with the electrochemical determination of the EAC. To eliminate this interference, we developed a bioassay to remove nitrite in HS samples using the denitrifying bacterium Pseudomonas nitroreducens. Cell suspensions of P. nitroreducens completely removed NO2- at various concentrations (1, 2, and 5 mM) from humic acid samples (1 g HA/L) of different redox states. As P. nitroreducens is not able to exchange electrons with dissolved humic acids, the procedure allows an accurate and reliable determination of the EAC of humic acid samples. The proposed method thus opens new perspectives in biogeochemistry to study interactions between HSs and N cycling.

17.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 563: 17-26, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865044

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: Eggplant is rich in polysaccharides. The mechanically homogenized eggplant flesh pulp (EFP) is expected to emulsify and stabilize o/w emulsions. The adsorption and network structure of the polysaccharides are hypothesized to contribute to the stability of emulsions. EXPERIMENTS: Creaming index (CI) and droplet size distribution were observed to evaluate the stabilities of EFP emulsions at different EFP concentrations (0.50, 0.75, 1.00, 1.25 and 1.50% w/v). Optical and fluorescence microscopy, confocal laser scanning microscopy and cryogenic scanning electron microscopy were conducted to observe the emulsification properties of the EFP-stabilized emulsions. In addition, rheological measurements were performed to reveal the EFP emulsions' rheological behaviours. FINDINGS: The prepared oil-in-water emulsion emulsified by EFP remained stable at an EFP concentration of 1.50%. Rheological analysis illustrated that the emulsions had typical shear-thinning property and gel-like nature. The emulsification mechanisms were explained by the formation of an interfacial film adhered to the oil droplets and the coherent three-dimensional network formed by filament and sheet-like polysaccharide strands in the continuous phase. This finding may define a new kind of natural and dietary emulsifier for emulsion-based food, beverage, and pharmaceutical products.

18.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 97: 523-530, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881328

RESUMO

Interferon (IFN) is a vital antiviral factor in host in the early stages after the viral invasion. Meanwhile, viruses have to survive by taking advantage of the cellular machinery and complete their replication. As a result, viruses evolved several immune escape mechanisms to inhibit host IFN expression. However, the mechanisms used to escape the host's IFN system are still unclear for infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV). In this study, we report that the N protein of IHNV inhibits IFN1 production in rainbow trout by degrading the MITA. Firstly, the upregulation of IFN1 promoter activity stimulated by poly I:C was suppressed by IHNV infection. Consistent with this result, the overexpression of the N protein of IHNV blocked the IFN1 transcription that was activated by poly I:C and MITA. Secondly, MITA was remarkably decreased by the overexpression of N protein at the protein level. Further analysis demonstrated that the N protein targeted MITA and promoted the ubiquitination of MITA. Taken together, these data suggested that the production of rainbow trout IFN1 could be suppressed by the N protein of IHNV via degrading MITA.

19.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 221-231, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187497

RESUMO

The motility of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is highly related to their homing in vivo, a critical issue in regenerative medicine. Our previous study indicated copper (Cu) might promote the recruitment of endogenous MSCs in canine esophagus defect model. In this study, we investigated the effect of Cu on the motility of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and the underlying mechanism in vitro. Cu supplementation could enhance the motility of BMSCs, and upregulate the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (Hif1α) at the protein level, and upregulate the expression of rho family GTPase 3 (Rnd3) at messenger RNA and protein level. When Hif1α was silenced by small interfering RNA (siRNA), Cu-induced Rnd3 upregulation was blocked. When Rnd3 was silenced by siRNA, the motility of BMSCs was decreased with or without Cu supplementation, and Cu-induced cytoskeleton remodeling was neutralized. Furthermore, overexpression of Rnd3 also increased the motility of BMSCs and induced cytoskeleton remodeling. Overall, our results demonstrated that Cu enhanced BMSCs migration through, at least in part, cytoskeleton remodeling via Hif1α-dependent upregulation of Rnd3. This study provided an insight into the mechanism of the effect of Cu on the motility of BMSCs, and a theoretical foundation of applying Cu to improve the recruitment of BMSCs in tissue engineering and cytotherapy.

20.
J Hazard Mater ; 382: 121120, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487667

RESUMO

Low-cost and high-performance materials or techniques that could synergistically remove inorganic heavy metals and organic pollutants in a simple manner are highly desired. Herein, we report a simple and facile strategy by converting poisonous heavy metals into photocatalyst for the in-situ photodegradation of organic pollutants employing steel slag-derived calcium silicate hydrate (CSH). The CSH was synthesized by alkali activation method and showed hierarchical structure and amorphous phase. And, the material exhibited excellent adsorption performance towards all selected heavy metals. After adsorption, the heavy metals were converted into the corresponding amorphous metal hydroxides on the surface of CSH. The resulting CSH-supported amorphous metal hydroxides can act as visible-light photocatalysts for the photodegradation of organic pollutants. The optimal results for the whole water purification route using CSH are > 100 mg/g adsorption capacity for Cu2+ and ˜63% / 8 h photodegradation efficiency for methylene blue under visible light. The total cost for the whole route is < 0.1 $/g pollutants, much lower than traditional technologies. The strategy using steel slag derived-CSH not only meets the requirements for high-performance and low-cost materials, but also resolves the challenging issues of developing an all-in-one treatment for heavy metal ions and organic pollutants, which will be of great significance to wastewater purification.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA