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1.
Food Chem ; 403: 134442, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36358078

RESUMO

More and more attention has been paid to undesirable chemical contaminants from food raw materials and ingredients. The study aimed to fabricate novel hydroxyl-functionalized magnetic porous organic polymer Fe3O4@SiO2-NH2@Ph-POP and explore its use as magnetic adsorbents for magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) for extracting 31 amide herbicides from fruit wine samples prior to high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). Several operational parameters were optimized and the as-prepared magnetic polymer displayed favorable extraction efficiency. The method also showed low limits of detection (0.015-1.412 µg·L-1) and limits of quantitation (0.049-4.707 µg·L-1). Recoveries for all of the herbicides in four different spiked level samples were between 65.06 % and 101.95 % with intra-day and inter-day relative standard deviations less than 9.89 % and 10.54 %, respectively. The proposed MSPE-HPLC-MS/MS method was successfully applied to simultaneously determine 31 amide herbicides in fruit wine.


Assuntos
Herbicidas , Vinho , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Herbicidas/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Vinho/análise , Polímeros/análise , Dióxido de Silício/química , Amidas/análise , Porosidade , Frutas/química , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Limite de Detecção
2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 630(Pt A): 833-845, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36279842

RESUMO

This work reports the design and preparation of novel organic (polyvinyl alcohol, PVA)-inorganic (neodymium nitrate, Nd(NO3)3) hybrid coatings on micro-arc oxidation (MAO) coating for magnesium (Mg) alloy corrosion protection. X-ray diffractometer, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscope, Energy Dispersive X-ray spectrometer and surface roughness were applied to characterize the chemical composition and surface morphology of the coatings. The corrosion resistance of the coatings was evaluated by electrochemical and salt spray tests. The results suggested that the formation of PVA-Nd3+ and PVA-Mg2+ complexes promoted the enrichment of Nd3+ on the surface, and thereby improved the sealing quality and compactness of the coating. Interestingly, when the coating was damaged, the Nd3+ ions were transformed to their carbonates and covered the active sites, and thus exhibiting self-healing function. Further, the corrosion resistance of PVA-Nd3+ modified MAO composite coating on AZ31 Mg alloy was improved.

3.
Phytomedicine ; 108: 154500, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36288650

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insomnia is the most frequent sleep disorder worldwide and is a prominent risk factor for mental and physical health deterioration. The clinical application of common pharmacological treatments for insomnia is far from satisfactory due to their various adverse effects. In recent years, drugs developed from natural herbs have become potential alternative therapies for insomnia. Sishen Wan (SSW), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) used for centuries to treat diarrheal disease, consists of multiple neurologically active herbs with sleep-regulating potential that may have therapeutic effects on insomnia. However, its hypnotic and sleep-regulating effects have not been evaluated in clinical practice or laboratory experiments. PURPOSE: To investigate the anti-insomnia effects of SSW and explore its possible mechanisms using preclinical models. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The sedative effect of the SSW formula was investigated using network pharmacology analysis that was validated using various pharmacological approaches, including the evaluation of locomotor activity (LMA), pentobarbital-induced sleep time, and electroencephalography/electromyogram (EEG/EMG)-based sleep profiling in normal rats. Several animal models of insomnia, including sleep deprivation, serotonin depletion, and cage-changing models, have been used to further assess the anti-insomnia effects of SSW. Furthermore, the potential underlying mechanisms of action of SSW were predicted using bioinformatics methods and verified using in vivo and in silico experiments. RESULTS: The results showed that SSW reduced LMA and prolonged pentobarbital-induced sleep time in a dose-dependent manner, which was consistent with the increase in non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep in normal rats, indicating a solid sedative effect. In animal models of insomnia, SSW alleviated sleep disturbance by increasing NREM sleep time, shortening NREM sleep latency, and inhibiting sleep fragmentation, suggesting a possible curative effect of SSW on insomnia. Finally, through functional enrichment analysis and in vivo and in silico experiments, 5-HT1A was identified as the key target of the anti-insomnia effect of SSW. Moreover, (S)-propranolol, nuciferine, zizyphusine, and N,N-dimethyl-5-methoxytryptamine may be the active compounds of SSW responsible for its anti-insomnia effect. CONCLUSION: This study extended the possible indication scope for SSW, which provides a potential therapeutic TCM that may be used for insomnia treatment, as well as a reference scheme for the discovery of novel indications of TCM.


Assuntos
Pentobarbital , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Animais , Ratos , Pentobarbital/farmacologia , Farmacologia em Rede , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/tratamento farmacológico , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/farmacologia , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/uso terapêutico , Serotonina
4.
Phytomedicine ; 108: 154509, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36288653

RESUMO

BACKGROUD: Estrogen deficiency is the leading cause of postmenopausal osteoporosis(PMOP) and phytoestrogens soy isoflavones (SI) have been shown to improve PMOP. Equol (Eq), an in vivo metabolite of phytoestrogens soy isoflavones (SI), has a more stable structure and stronger biological activity than its parent compound and has the greatest estrogenic activity. However, there are few studies on the therapeutic effect of Eq on PMOP. PURPOSE: To explore the therapeutic effect and mechanisms of Eq on POMP. METHODS: Osteoblast-like cells ROS1728 were cultured with different doses of Eq, estradiol (E2), separately. The effect of Eq on the proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle of osteoblasts were detected by CCK-8 and flow cytometry, and the expression of OPG/RANK/RANKL signaling pathway of osteoblasts was detected by Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot (WB), and RNA silencing technology were carried out to explore the receptors through which Eq plays a role. Then PMOP rat model was established and treated by Eq or E2 to further verification of the effect and mechanism of Eq on PMOP. RESULT: Eq promoted the proliferation and inhibited the apoptosis of osteoblasts and increased the proportion of osteoblasts in the S phase and G2/M phase in a dose-dependent manner. Mechanistically, Eq treatment upregulated the expression of OPG and OPG/RANKL ratio in osteoblasts and this regulatory effect was mainly mediated through the ERß receptor. Furthermore, in vivo study, Eq improved microstructure and BMD of the femur of PMOP rat model, which imitated the osteoprotective effect of E2. Moreover, the Eq or E2 treatment increased serum levels of Ca, 1,25(OH)2D3, bone Gla-protein(BGP), and Type I procollagen (PC1), and reduced serum levels of phosphorus (P), parathyroid hormone(PTH), pyridinol (PYD), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and urinary level of deoxypyridinoline (DPD) in the treatment OVX group compared with the untreated OVX group. Meanwhile, Eq or E2 markedly induced the mRNA and protein expression of OPG and OPG/RANKL ratio. CONCLUSION: Eq can combine with ERß and exert a protective effect on PMOP by upregulating OPG/RANKL pathway.


Assuntos
Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa , Humanos , Feminino , Ratos , Animais , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/prevenção & controle , Osteoprotegerina/metabolismo , Equol/farmacologia , Equol/metabolismo , Receptor beta de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Fitoestrógenos/farmacologia , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Osteoblastos
5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 302(Pt A): 115897, 2023 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334818

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Type I interferon (IFN) is believed to play a pathogenic role in systemic sclerosis (SSc, also called scleroderma), which is an autoimmune rheumatic disease. Our previous studies have found that Chinese medicine formula Si-Ni-San (SNS, composed of Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch., Bupleurum chinense DC., Paeonia lactiflora Pall., and Citrus aurantium L.) had inhibitory effects on type I IFN responses. Among these herbal products, Paeonia lactiflora Pall. has been traditionally used to treat inflammation-related diseases, yet its therapeutic effects against type I IFN-related diseases and potential bioactive ingredients are not characterized. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aim to identify bioactive ingredient with anti-type I IFN activity from herbal products in SNS and further elucidate its therapeutic effect against scleroderma and underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We constructed a Gaussia-luciferase (Gluc) reporter assay system to identify ingredients with anti-type I IFN activities from SNS. In RAW264.7 cells, real-time PCR (RT-PCR) and western blotting were used to investigate the induction of type I IFN pathway. Additionally, in a bleomycin (BLM)-induced experimental scleroderma model, the expression of fibrotic genes, type I IFN-related genes, inflammatory cytokines, and cytotoxic granules were measured by RT-PCR, and the histopathological changes were determined by H&E staining, Masson's staining and immunohistochemistry analysis. RESULTS: Our data demonstrated that total glucosides of paeony (TGP) was the bioactive component of SNS that selectively inhibited TLR3-mediated type I IFN responses and blocked type I IFN-induced downstream JAK-STAT signaling pathways. In the BLM-induced scleroderma mouse model, TGP ameliorated skin fibrosis by inhibiting multiple targets in the upstream and downstream of type I IFN signaling. Further research found that TGP hindered polarization of M2 macrophages and their profibrotic effects and reduced cytotoxic T lymphocytes and their cytotoxic granules by suppressing Cxcl9 and Cxcl10 in the skin tissue of scleroderma mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our study not only sheds novel lights into the immunoregulative effects of TGP but also provides convincing evidence to develop TGP-based therapies in the treatment of scleroderma and other autoimmune diseases associated with type I IFN signatures. CLASSIFICATION: Skin.

6.
Front Nutr ; 9: 986192, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337646

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to explore whether S-Equol delays diabetes-induced osteoporosis and the molecular mechanisms underlying its therapeutic effects. Materials and methods: Thirty-five male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into five groups. The diabetic osteoporosis (DOP) group and three S-Equol treatment groups were intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin (STZ) to develop a DOP model. After the 12-week intervention, bone transformation indicators were detected using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit; bone mineral density (BMD) and bone microstructure were obtained using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and microCT; morphological changes in the bone tissue were investigated using HE staining; bone morphogenetic proteins were detected using immunohistochemical staining. ROS17/2.8 cells were cultured in vitro, and Cell Counting Kit-8 was used to test the protective effects of S-Equol in osteoblastic cells in a high-fat and high-glucose environment. Furthermore, the expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG), receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL), estrogen receptor ß(ERß), phosphorylated Akt (pAKT)/protein kinase B (AKT), and osteocalcin (OC) in bone tissue and ROS17/2.8 cells was assessed using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blotting. To determine whether ERß and phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling pathways are involved in the process, LY294002 (PI3K signaling pathway inhibitor) and small interfering RNA targeting ERß mRNA (si-ERß) were used to verify the function of the ERß-mediated PI3K/AKT pathway in this process. Results: After the 12-week intervention, S-Equol enhanced BMD, improved bone microarchitecture in DOP rats (P < 0.05), and improved markers of bone metabolism (P < 0.05). In vitro, 10-6 mmol/L S-Equol was selected to significantly protect osteoblasts from high- and high-glucose environments (P < 0.05). Gene expression of OPG, ERß, pAKT/AKT, and OC was upregulated compared to the DOP group, and RANKL was downregulated compared to the DOP group (P < 0.05) both in bone tissue and osteoblastic cells. The promotion of OPG and pAKT/AKT is mediated by LY294002 and siERß. Conclusion: S-Equol binds to ERß to regulate OPG/RANKL via the PI3K/AKT pathway and improve DOP. Our results demonstrate the potential role of S-Equol in the treatment of DOP by targeting ERß. Thus, S-Equol may have the potential to be an adjuvant drug for treating DOP.

7.
RSC Adv ; 12(48): 31392-31401, 2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36349048

RESUMO

Future energy systems must call upon clean and renewable sources capable of reducing associated CO2 emissions. The present research opens new perspectives for renewable energy-based hydrogen production by water splitting using metal oxide oxidation/reduction reactants. An earlier multicriteria assessment defined top priorities, with MnFe2O4/Na2CO3/H2O and Mn3O4/MnO/NaMnO2/H2O multistep redox cycles having the highest potential. The latter redox system was previously assessed and proven difficult to be conducted. The former redox system was hence experimentally investigated in the present research at the 0.5 to 250 g scale in isothermal thermogravimetry, an electrically heated furnace, and a concentrated solar reactor. Over 30 successive oxidation/reduction cycles were assessed, and the H2 production efficiencies exceeded 98 % for the coprecipitated reactant after these multiple cycles. Tentative economics using a coprecipitated reactant revealed that 120 cycles are needed to achieve a 1 € per kg H2 cost. Improving the cheaper ball-milled reactant could reduce costs by approximately 30 %. The initial results confirm that future research is important.

8.
J Biomater Sci Polym Ed ; : 1-36, 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36373498

RESUMO

Tympanic membrane perforation is a common condition in clinical otolaryngology. Although some eardrum patients can self-heal, a long period of non-healing perforation leads to persistent otitis media, conductive deafness, and poor quality of life. Tympanic membrane repair with autologous materials requires a second incision, and the sampling site may get infected. It is challenging to repair tympanic membranes while maintaining high functionality, safety, affordability, and aesthetics. 3D bioprinting can be used to fabricate tissue patches with materials, factors, and cells in a design manner. This paper reviews 3D printing technology that is being used widely in recent years to construct eardrum stents and the utilized applied materials for tympanic membrane repair. The paper begins with an introduction of the physiological structure of the tympanic membrane, briefly reviews the current clinical method thereafter, highlights the recent 3D printing-related strategies in tympanic membrane repair, describes the materials and cells that might play an important role in 3D printing, and finally provides a perspective of this field.

9.
IEEE Trans Image Process ; 31: 7306-7321, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36383578

RESUMO

Since the superpixel segmentation method aggregates pixels based on similarity, the boundaries of some superpixels indicate the outline of the object and the superpixels provide prerequisites for learning structural-aware features. It is worthwhile to research how to utilize these superpixel priors effectively. In this work, by constructing the graph within superpixel and the graph among superpixels, we propose a novel Multi-level Feature Network (MFNet) based on graph neural network with the above superpixel priors. In our MFNet, we learn three-level features in a hierarchical way: from pixel-level feature to superpixel-level feature, and then to image-level feature. To solve the problem that the existing methods cannot represent superpixels well, we propose a superpixel representation method based on graph neural network, which takes the graph constructed by a single superpixel as input to extract the feature of the superpixel. To reflect the versatility of our MFNet, we apply it to an image-level prediction task and a pixel-level prediction task by designing different prediction modules. An attention linear classifier prediction module is proposed for image-level prediction tasks, such as image classification. An FC-based superpixel prediction module and a Decoder-based pixel prediction module are proposed for pixel-level prediction tasks, such as salient object detection. Our MFNet achieves competitive results on a number of datasets when compared with related methods. The visualization shows that the object boundaries and outline of the saliency maps predicted by our proposed MFNet are more refined and pay more attention to details.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36415100

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thymic epithelial tumors [TETs] are rare thoracic malignancies with no standard second-line treatment. Tumor angiogenesis is closely associated with the pathogenesis and invasiveness of TETs. Anlotinib is a small-molecule multitarget tyrosine kinase inhibitor [TKI] which inhibits tumor angiogenesis and tumor cell proliferation. Published studies have demonstrated the promising clinical effect of multitarget TKIs sunitinib and lenvatinib in previously treated TETs. However, TKIs have a high incidence of adverse events [AEs]. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the clinical efficacy and safety of anlotinib in previously treated TET patients. METHODS: We collected clinical data of 22 patients from Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute between October 2018 and March 2022. These patients were diagnosed with advanced TETs and received at least the first-line [1st-line] treatment. We analyzed the clinical effects between anlotinib monotherapy and anlotinib combination therapy in the second-line [2nd-line] or anlotinib treatment in different lines. RESULTS: These 22 patients included 18 cases of thymic carcinoma [TC] and 4 cases of thymoma [T]. 68.2% of patients were males, and the median age was 53 years. Fourteen patients [63.6%] received anlotinib monotherapy and 8 patients [36.4%] received anlotinib combination therapy. The objective response rate [ORR] was 9.1% in the overall patients. The median progression-free survival [PFS] in the overall population was 12 months [14 months for T and 9 months for TC], and the median overall survival [OS] was 24 months [survival was not reached for T and was 24 months for TC]. The incidence of AEs was 50%, most of them were grades I and II, and the incidence of grades III and IV AEs was 9%. CONCLUSION: This is the first study reporting the clinical effect of anlotinib in previously treated TETs patients. The survival data indicate that the efficacy of anlotinib is superior to sunitinib and lenvatinib. Our results suggest that anlotinib is a promising treatment option for previously treated TET patients and its toxicity is tolerable. More research and patents are needed in the future to explore better options for the diagnosis and treatment of TETs.

11.
Forensic Sci Res ; 7(3): 550-559, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353318

RESUMO

Cyanoacrylate fluorescent staining has become a common method for developing latent fingermarks on light-coloured or white objects. The method requires two steps and skilled operation, and the handling process has the risk of damaging the ridge details or even biological samples. To take full advantage of the high-sensitivity fluorescence, recent research efforts on fluorescent cyanoacrylate have aimed to avoid rinsing after staining, add fluorescence to the cyanoacrylate, increase the fluorescence intensity and broaden the fluorescence spectral range. PolyCyano UV is a novel product that can be used to overcome the disadvantages associated with progressing to one-step fuming to directly develop fingermarks. To explore the optimal development conditions and application effects of PolyCyano UV, thermogravimetric differential thermal analysis, fluorescence spectroscopy and control variable analysis are used to determine and analyse the best conditions for using the reagent, including temperature, fluorescence excitation band, relative humidity and fuming concentration. The temperature range of the one-step fuming development method is 212.14 °C-275.16 °C, the wavelength range of the excitation light source is 235-580 nm, the relative humidity is 60%-80%, the concentration of the fume is 1-3 g/m3 and the specific value is related to the surface properties of the object and the aged time of the fingermarks. Additionally, fluorescence spectroscopy shows that the excitation wavelength range of the light source is 235-580 nm. Based on the best fuming condition, many common objects were selected to proceed to the application experiments, which allowed for a comparison with the traditional visualisation method, namely the Cyanobloom reagent + dyeing two-step development method. The comparison showed that latent fingermarks on most non-porous smooth surfaces, especially on light-coloured or white objects, were developed successfully. In addition, a comparative study with the conventional cyanoacrylate glue-fluorescent staining experiments showed that the effect of dyeing afterwards with Rhodamine 6 G is better than the one-step method. The effect of dyeing with BBD is basically the same as that of the one-step method.Key points:One-step fluorescent cyanoacrylate fuming can be a promising alternative for fingermarks developing based on PolyCyano UV in forensic science.The optimum application conditions of PolyCyano UV will provide guidance for fingermark examiners.The one-step fuming method based on PolyCyano UV has many advantages over the secondary dyeing method.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36350857

RESUMO

Automatic and accurate differentiation of liver lesions from multi-phase computed tomography imaging is critical for the early detection of liver cancer. Multi-phase data can provide more diagnostic information than single-phase data, and the effective use of multi-phase data can significantly improve diagnostic accuracy. Current fusion methods usually fuse multi-phase information at the image level or feature level, ignoring the specificity of each modality, therefore, the information integration capacity is always limited. In this paper, we propose a Knowledge-guided framework, named MCCNet, which adaptively integrates multi-phase liver lesion information from three different stages to fully utilize and fuse multi-phase liver information. Specifically, 1) a multi-phase self-attention module was designed to adaptively combine and integrate complementary information from three phases using multi-level phase features; 2) a cross-feature interaction module was proposed to further integrate multi-phase fine-grained features from a global perspective; 3) a cross-lesion correlation module was proposed for the first time to imitate the clinical diagnosis process by exploiting inter-lesion correlation in the same patient. By integrating the above three modules into a 3D backbone, we constructed a lesion classification network. The proposed lesion classification network was validated on an in-house dataset containing 3,683 lesions from 2,333 patients in 9 hospitals. Extensive experimental results and evaluations on real-world clinical applications demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed modules in exploiting and fusing multi-phase information.

13.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(21)2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36366119

RESUMO

The rate of urbanization in Europe is increasing rapidly. Traffic congestion has become one of the biggest challenges for cities. Additionally, thousands of people die each year in accidents on European roads. In addition, road transport is one of the biggest reasons for the increase in air pollution and greenhouse gases in Europe. To solve these problems, cooperative intelligent transport systems (C-ITS) have accelerated in Europe, after more than ten years of research and development. The European Commission has carried out significant work in this field in recent years and has prepared a strategy document for the deployment of C-ITS services in Europe. The Commission considers that C-ITS have significant potential in reducing the negative effects of road traffic and expects these systems to deploy rapidly in European cities. However, in order to achieve this, it is imperative to clearly identify the needs of cities in implementing and managing these systems, the extent to which these systems will respond to different mobility problems of the cities, and the important barriers to widespread deployment. This study focused on qualitatively examining the C-ITS deployment from the stakeholder perspective. The knowledge generated is useful to facilitate the large-scale future deployment of C-ITS.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar , Humanos , Cidades , Europa (Continente) , Meios de Transporte
14.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(22)2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36431733

RESUMO

Optical synapse is the basic component for optical neuromorphic computing and is attracting great attention, mainly due to its great potential in many fields, such as image recognition, artificial intelligence and artificial visual perception systems. However, optical synapse with infrared (IR) response has rarely been reported. InAs nanowires (NWs) have a direct narrow bandgap and a large surface to volume ratio, making them a promising material for IR detection. Here, we demonstrate a near-infrared (NIR) (750 to 1550 nm) optical synapse for the first time based on a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-TrFE))-coated InAs NW field-effect transistor (FET). The responsivity of the P(VDF-TrFE)-coated InAs NW FET reaches 839.3 A/W under 750 nm laser illumination, demonstrating the advantage of P(VDF-TrFE) coverage. The P(VDF-TrFE)-coated InAs NW device exhibits optical synaptic behaviors in response to NIR light pulses, including excitatory postsynaptic current (EPSC), paired-pulse facilitation (PPF) and a transformation from short-term plasticity (STP) to long-term plasticity (LTP). The working mechanism is attributed to the polarization effect in the ferroelectric P(VDF-TrFE) layer, which dominates the trapping and de-trapping characteristics of photogenerated holes. These findings have significant implications for the development of artificial neural networks.

15.
Bioresour Technol ; 368: 128306, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372382

RESUMO

To preserve the water resources, this study has analyzed the ecotoxicity and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) induction capacity of sulfadiazine degradation intermediates resulting from persulfate activation oxidation enhanced by ultraviolet, ultrasound and microwave. The five degradation pathways caused by the contribution discrepancy of electron transfer and singlet oxygen (1O2) and variations in the ecotoxicity of different degradation products were analyzed. Microcosm experiment exhibited that the microbial community in actual water changed significantly with SDZ and degradation intermediates, in which the dominant genera were Aeromonas, Cupriavidus, Elizabethkingia and Achromobacter. Except for the selective pressure on bacteria, the degradation intermediates also exert a certain degree or even stronger induction on sulfonamide ARGs (sul4, sul1 and sul2) than SDZ. Furthermore, the potential hosts for sulfonamide ARGs were revealed by network analysis. These results provide a better understanding of antibiotics degradation mechanism and ARGs occurrence, which is useful for controlling the spread of ARGs.

16.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36437386

RESUMO

Female-to-male sex reversals (pseudomales) are common in lower vertebrates and have been found in natural populations, which is a concern under rapid changes in environmental conditions. Pseudomales can exhibit altered spermatogenesis. However, the regulatory mechanisms underlying pseudomale spermatogenesis remain unclear. Here, we characterized spermatogenesis in Chinese tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis), a species with genetic and environmental sex determination, based on a high-resolution single-cell RNA-seq atlas of cells derived from the testes of genotypic males and pseudomales. We identified five germ cell types and six somatic cell types and obtained a single-cell atlas of dynamic changes in gene expression during spermatogenesis in Chinese tongue sole, including alterations in pseudomales. We detected decreased levels of Ca2+ signaling pathway-related genes in spermatogonia, insufficient meiotic initiation in spermatocytes, and a malfunction of somatic niche cells in pseudomales. However, a cluster of CaSR genes and MAPK signaling factors were upregulated in undifferentiated spermatogonia of pseudomales. Additionally, we revealed that Z chromosome-specific genes, such as piwil2, dhx37, and ehmt1, were important for spermatogenesis. These results improve our understanding of reproduction after female-to-male sex-reversal and provide new insights into the adaptability of reproductive strategies in lower vertebrates.

17.
J Environ Manage ; 326(Pt A): 116622, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368207

RESUMO

Microbes in rivers are an important part of the biogeochemical cycle in aquatic ecosystems, and understanding the major factors that influence the composition of microbial communities has an important role in assessing and improving ecosystem functioning. A high-throughput 16 S rRNA gene sequencing technique was employed to sequence bacterial communities in 21 sediment samples and 21 water samples from an urban river WWTP (wastewater treatment plant) discharge. A systematic study of changes in bacterial community composition in downstream river sediment and water was conducted. The study found that compared with the bacterial diversity in the natural upstream area of the wastewater outfall, the bacterial diversity in the sediment lower reaches decreased significantly, while the bacterial abundance and diversity in the water increased significantly. The Mantel test and redundancy analysis showed that the downstream distance and physicochemical properties were significantly related to the succession of bacterial communities in the sediment downstream of the WWTP discharge. Among them, TOC (total organic carbon) was the most important factor affecting the change in the bacterial community in the downstream sediment. The physicochemical properties were significantly correlated with the succession of bacterial communities in the water downstream of the WWTP discharge. Among them, TN (total nitrogen), PO43--P (phosphorus phosphate) and TP (total phosphorus) were the main factors that affected the change in the bacterial community in the downstream water. Key taxa in the co-occurrence network at different distances downstream reflected the depth of the effect of the WWTP effluent on the bacterial community. The bacterial community in the lower reaches of the river sediment showed a strong recovery ability under the influence of pollutants, while the bacterial community in the lower reaches of the river water was difficult to recover under the influence of pollutants. In general, pollutants contained in effluent are the key to changing the composition of bacterial communities in the lower reaches of the river, but exogenous bacteria in effluent are not. This study provides a basis for further improving the effluent discharge standards of WWTPs in the future.

18.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 194: 15-28, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368222

RESUMO

Iron nanoparticles (NPs) priming is known to affect the seed germination and seedling growth in many plants. However, whether it has an important role in stimulating the growth of perennial Qinghai-Tibet Plateau plants remains unclear. In this study, the effects of seed priming with different concentrations of nFe2O3 and FeCl3 (10, 50, 100, 500, and 1000 mg L-1) on seed germination, plant growth, photosystem, antioxidant enzyme activities, root morphology, and biomass distribution of Kobresia capillifolia were evaluated under laboratory conditions. The results showed that compared with treatment materials, concentration had more significant effects on K. capillifolia development. There was no significant impact on germination rate were discovered under all treatments, but decreased the seed mildew rate at 100 mg L-1 nFe2O3. Compare with control, Fe-based priming significantly decreased root biomass. All Fe-based treatments increased rubisco activity of leaves, and significantly enhanced Pn at ranged from 10 to 100 mg L-1. Meanwhile, chlorophyll contents were decreased, the chloroplasts were swollen, and thylakoids were disorganized under all Fe treatments. Iron-based priming significantly enhanced SOD, POD, and CAT activities in Kobresia roots. In conclusion, the thick cuticle-covered seed coat of K. capillifolia postponed the penetration of FeNPs into seeds, so FeNPs priming had a weak impact on seed germination. The sustainable release of Fe ions from FeNPs and the uptake of Fe ions by roots affected the physiology, biochemistry and morphology of K. capillifolia. The findings of this study provide an in-depth understanding of how FeNPs impact the alpine meadow plant, K. capillifolia.

19.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 17: 5511-5524, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36438609

RESUMO

Background: Degenerative joint disease or osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Intra-articular injection is the mainstay nonsurgical treatment for OA. However, dense cartilage and a lack of vasculature often limit the ability of drugs to reach cell or tissue targets at the concentrations necessary to elicit the desired biological response. Kartogenin (KGN), a small molecular compound, possesses a strong capacity to promote chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). However, the rapid clearance of KGN from the intra-articular cavity limits its feasibility. Materials and Methods: We constructed a magnetically guided biodegradable nanocarrier system (MNP) which enabled intracartilaginous delivery of KGN to promote chondrogenic differentiation by MSCs embedded within the articular matrix. Moreover, in preclinical models of OA, KGN-loaded MNPs exhibited increased tissue penetration and retention within the joint matrix under external magnetic guidance. Results: Histological examination showed that compared with KGN alone, KGN-loaded MNPs enhanced chondrogenic differentiation and improved the structural integrity of both articular cartilage and subchondral bone. Conclusion: This study demonstrates a practical method for intracartilaginous delivery using engineered nanocarriers, thus providing a new strategy to improve the efficacy of molecular therapeutic agents in the treatment of OA.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteoartrite , Humanos , Anilidas , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico
20.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 14(11): 2224-2237, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36438711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many biomarkers have predictive value for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) in tumor patients. However, the role of indirect bilirubin (IBIL) in local advanced rectal cancer (LARC) patients treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) has not been studied. AIM: To explore the predictive value of IBIL before nCRT (pre-IBIL) for the OS and DFS of LARC patients treated with nCRT. METHODS: A total of 324 LARC patients undergoing nCRT with total mesorectal excision (TME) were enrolled. Preoperative clinical features and postoperative pathological characteristics were collected. Cox regression analysis was performed, and a Cox-based nomogram was developed to predict OS and DFS. We also assessed the predictive performance of the nomogram with calibration plots and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. RESULTS: Among 324 patients, the median pre-IBIL was 6.2 µmol/L (interquartile range: 4.6 µmol/L-8.4 µmol/L). In the Cox multivariate regression analysis, we found that pre-IBIL, smoking history, tumor regression grade (TRG), vascular invasion, and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 before nCRT (pre-CA19-9) were predictors of OS. Additionally, pre-IBIL, body mass index (BMI), nCRT with surgery interval, TRG, and vascular invasion were predictors of DFS. Predictive nomograms were developed to predict 5-year OS and 5-year DFS with area under the ROC curve values of 0.7518 and 0.7355, respectively. Good statistical performance on internal validation was shown by calibration plots and ROC curves. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that pre-IBIL was an independent prognostic factor for OS and DFS in LARC patients treated with nCRT followed by TME. Nomograms incorporating pre-IBIL, BMI, smoking history, nCRT with surgery interval, TRG, vascular invasion, and pre-CA19-9 could be helpful to predict OS and DFS.

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