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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 224: 117413, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369990

RESUMO

The twelve Λ-S electronic states of the first four dissociation limits of the MgSb molecule have been examined at the icMRCI+Q level employing basis sets of quintuple-ζ quality. The potential energy curves, vibrational levels and spectroscopic constants of the species have been investigated. The permanent dipole moments of the interested states are derived, and the transition dipole moments, Einstein emission coefficients, radiation lifetimes and Franck-Condon factors between selected states are also determined. Four Λ-S states of the first two dissociation limits split into seven Ω states under the effect of spin-orbit coupling. Characterizations of the MgSb low-lying Ω states are performed for the first time. In addition, the results and relevant data provided in this work on MgSb are compared with the antimony-IIA group and magnesium-VA group diatomic species. It is anticipated that this work will shed some light on further investigations of MgSb and other antimony-IIA group systems.

2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2138-2143, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492222

RESUMO

With the higher and higher application level of medical technology, more and more genetic diseases have been diagnosed. Nucleic acid, as an important genetic material, has been found to have important functions in the storage and transmission of the genetic information in the replication and synthesis of proteins. As the first step in nucleic acid detection experiments, nucleic acid extraction performance is associated with the purity of target nucleic acid samples, which is very important for the downstream steps. In this paper, we employed the magnetic bead for extracting nucleic acids based on the platform of large liquid handling workstation and designed a matching magnetic separation module. It was shown that the temperature control block designed in this paper has reliable stability, high accuracy by using the incremental PID algorithm, with the control accuracy up to ±0.5 °C, and the control stabilization time is about 90 s, which can satisfy the experimental requirements. Besides, the average magnetic bead transfer rate of this module was further verified by mimicking the manual magnetic bead nucleic acid extraction process. The results proved that the module has an excellent performance with the average magnetic bead transfer rate greater than 95% and the magnetic bead transfer rate in each well greater than 90%, which could be consistent with the experimental indictors of nucleic acid extraction.

3.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2165-2170, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492225

RESUMO

The high-throughput nucleic acid detection system provides a good solution for detecting nucleic acids more safely, rapidly and accurately, which greatly improves the detection efficiency. Highthroughput nucleic acid detection mainly includes three steps: signal acquisition, signal amplification and signal processing. Therefore, obtaining the purified nucleic acid is the primary task of the nucleic acid detection, and the quality of the nucleic acid has a significant impact on results. In this paper, we employed the magnetic nanoparticle technology for extracting nucleic acids based on the platform of large liquid handling workstation and designed a matching vibrating module. The involved steps of core method, magnetic bead nucleic acid extraction technology, are mainly concerned with the cell lysis, nucleic acid binding, nucleic acid purification and magnetic particles elution. During the extraction process, specific temperature is required for the lysis and elution. It was shown that the temperature control part designed in this paper has the reliable stability, high accuracy by using the incremental proportion-integration-differentiation (PID) algorithm, with the control accuracy up to ±0.5 °C. The temperature regulating time is about 90 s, which can meet the experimental requirements. Besides, the vibrating uniformity of this module was further verified by protein concentration test, which proved that the module has the excellent performance and can be consistent with the experimental indictors of the nucleic acid extraction.

4.
Opt Express ; 27(20): A1490-A1505, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684501

RESUMO

For photon-counting lidars, the classical theoretical rate of the noise photons reflected by the Earth's surface is under the assumption that the Earth's surface is a Lambert reflector, which is obviously not suitable for the water surface. In this paper, the specular reflection theorem is introduced to derive an analytical expression of noise photons arising from the water surface reflection. The verification uses the mean noise rate over water surface, calculated by the raw data photons measured by the Multiple Altimeter Beam Experiment Lidar (MABEL) near the East Coast in the North Carolina, USA. The measured result coincides well with the theoretical noise rate, as both of them equal to 8.4 kHz. In addition, the background noise model also indicates that the background noise rate over the land surface is one order of magnitude larger than that over the water surface, in certain conditions. Hence, a new method, based on the noise rates, is proposed for the Earth's surface type classification and it performs well in distinguishing all water surfaces from land surfaces in the coastal area. For space-borne or airborne photon-counting lidars, this paper not only fills the gap of theoretical rate of noise photons from the water surface but also provides a fast and effective method to classify the Earth's surface types. This method is also suitable for distinguishing ice and water in high-latitude sea-ice covered regions, which is the area of most interest of the Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2) mission.

6.
Cancer Med ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to delineate the patterns of distant metastasis from colon adenocarcinoma (CAC) and evaluate the survival differences by metastatic patterns. METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, we extracted patients diagnosed with stage IV CAC between 2010 and 2016. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were plotted with log-rank tests to compare overall survival (OS) of patients with different metastatic patterns. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to evaluate the effects of different metastatic patterns on survival outcomes in terms of OS and disease-specific survival (DSS). RESULTS: A total of 26 170 patients were analyzed. The 3- and 5-year OS were 20.7% and 10.5%, respectively, for patients with stage IV CAC. The most common distant metastatic site was the liver, followed by the lung, bone, and brain, but the frequency differed greatly by histology subtypes. The site of metastasis was a significant prognostic factor for OS and DSS in patients with stage IV CAC, independent of the number of metastatic sites and other clinical and demographic prognostic factors. Using liver-only metastasis as reference, lung-only metastasis was associated with better OS (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.82, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.71-0.94) and DSS (HR = 0.75, 95% CI, 0.64-0.88). Older age, black race, unmarried status, grade III/IV tumors, advanced tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage, proximal colon, elevated preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), no surgery of the primary site, and no chemotherapy were independent predictors of poor OS. CONCLUSIONS: The site of distant metastasis and number of metastasis site were independent prognostic factors for survival of patients with stage IV CAC. This study highlights the need for diverse treatment strategies for patients with different metastatic patterns.

7.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697440

RESUMO

To evaluate the diagnosis and prognosis of the tumor microenvironment (immunization and stromal cells) in kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC), KIRC cases selected from The Cancer Genome Atlas database were divided into two groups according to the ESTIMATE algorithm-derived immune scores. Our data suggested that the Von Hippel-Lindau mutations and pathologic grades are associated with immune scores. Importat ntly, we identified 173 differential expression genes (DEGs) associated with prognosis in patients with KIRC. Consequently, Gene Ontology functional enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analyses were performed on these DEGs, which included immune response, defense response, intrinsic to the plasma membrane, positive regulation of immune system process, and cytokine binding. Next, the protein-protein interaction network of DEGs and the most significant module was constructed. Five hub genes were identified and analyzed using biological analysis. The survival analysis of the hub genes showed that KIRC patients with high gene expression of C2, MXRA8, TNFSF13B, and X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein-associated factor 1 (XAF1) had worse overall survival, and MXRA8, TNFSF13B, and XAF1 alteration were significantly associated with disease-free survival (DFS). In addition, high gene expression of XAF1 alteration showed better DFS. Conclusion: we identified a list of microenvironment-related genes that are useful for understanding the molecular mechanisms and prognosis of KIRC.

8.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 477, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694545

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on the responses of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and methylglyoxal (MG) metabolisms to low pH in roots and leaves. In China, quite a few of Citrus are cultivated in acidic soils (pH < 5.0). 'Xuegan' (Citrus sinensis) and 'Sour pummelo' (Citrus grandis) (C. sinensis were more tolerant to low pH than C. grandis) seedlings were irrigated daily with nutrient solution at a pH of 2.5, 3 or 5 for nine months. Thereafter, we examined low pH effects on growth, and superoxide anion production rate (SAP), malondialdehyde (MDA), MG, antioxidants, and enzymes related to ROS and MG detoxification in roots and leaves in order to (a) test the hypothesis that low pH affected ROS and MG metabolisms more in roots than those of leaves, and (b) understand the roles of ROS and MG metabolisms in Citrus low pH-tolerance and -toxicity. RESULTS: Compared with control, most of the physiological parameters related to ROS and MG metabolisms were greatly altered at pH 2.5, but almost unaffected at pH 3. In addition to decreased root growth, many fibrous roots became rotten and died at pH 2.5. pH 2.5-induced changes in SAP, the levels of MDA, MG and antioxidants, and the activities of most enzymes related to ROS and MG metabolisms were greater in roots than those of leaves. Impairment of root ascorbate metabolism was the most serious, especially in C. grandis roots. pH 2.5-induced increases in MDA and MG levels in roots and leaves, decreases in the ratios of ascorbate/(ascorbate+dehydroascorbate) in roots and leaves and of reduced glutathione/(reduced+oxidized glutathione) in roots were greater in C. grandis than those in C. sinensis. CONCLUSIONS: Low pH affected MG and ROS metabolisms more in roots than those in leaves. The most seriously impaired ascorbate metabolism in roots was suggested to play a role in low pH-induced root death and growth inhibition. Low pH-treated C. sinensis roots and leaves had higher capacity to maintain a balance between ROS and MG production and their removal via detoxification systems than low pH-treated C. grandis ones, thus contribute to the higher acid-tolerance of C. sinensis.

9.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 227: 117667, 2019 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698155

RESUMO

High-level ab initio computations have been performed on SnH+. The potential energy curves and spectroscopic constants of the low-lying Λ-S electronic states, as well as their associated Ω states, are derived at the icMRCI + Q level employing basis sets of quintuple-ζ quality. The transition dipole moments, Einstein coefficients, radiative lifetimes and Franck-Condon factors of three spin-forbidden transition bands ( [Formula: see text] , [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] ) are determined. Comparisons between our predictions and available experimental results indicate reasonable agreement. The spin-orbit coupling effect has been proved to affect these low-lying electronic states significantly.

10.
Stem Cells Dev ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701817

RESUMO

The neural crest stem cells derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC-NCSCs) are a valuable autologous cell source for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. In this study, we investigated how iPSC-NCSCs could be regulated to regenerate arteries by microenvironmental factors, including the physical factor of matrix stiffness, and the chemical factor of transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-ß1). We found that, compared to soft substrate, stiff substrate drove iPSC-NCSC differentiation into smooth muscle cells (SMCs), which was further enhanced by TGF-ß1. To investigate the regulatory role of TGF-ß1 in vivo, we fabricated vascular grafts composed of electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds, collagen gel, iPSC-NCSCs and TGF-ß1, and implanted them into athymic rats. The results showed that TGF-ß1 significantly promoted extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis and increased mechanical strength of vascular grafts. This study presents a proof of concept that iPSC-NCSCs can be used as a promising autologous cell source for vascular regeneration when combined with physical and chemical engineering.

11.
Ann Hematol ; 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595308

RESUMO

Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an acquired autoimmune disease characterized by a low platelet count and consequent increased risk of bleeding. The etiology underlying this condition remains poorly understood. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs4077515 in the caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 9 (CARD9) gene with the pathogenesis and therapy of ITP. Two hundred ninety-four patients with ITP and 324 age-matched healthy participants were recruited in this case-control study. Genotyping of CARD9 rs4077515 polymorphism was performed by Sanger sequencing. Our results revealed that a polymorphism rs4077515 in CARD9 gene is associated with decreased risk of susceptibility to and severity of ITP (susceptibility: codominant, AA vs. GG, OR = 0.175, 95% CI = 0.054-0.776, p = 0.001; recessive, GG + AG vs. AA, OR = 6.183, 95% CI = 2.287-16.715, p < 0.001; severity: allele, A vs. G, OR = 0.685, 95% CI = 0.476-0.985, p = 0.041; codominant, AG vs. GG, OR = 0.571, 95% CI = 0.350-0.931, p = 0.025; dominant, AA + AG vs. GG, OR = 0.558, 95% CI = 0.343-0.907, p = 0.019). The existence of the allele A, the mutant AA genotype and the heterozygous AG genotype of CARD9 rs4077515, plays a protective role in ITP. However, CARD9 rs4077515 polymorphism had no effect on corticosteroid sensitivity or refractoriness of ITP.

12.
J Orofac Orthop ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported incidence rates of dehiscence (DEH) and fenestration (FEN) as high as 36.51 and 51.09%, respectively. Only a few studies comparing DEH and FEN before and after orthodontic treatment (OT) are available in the literature. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of DEH and FEN in anterior teeth, before and after OT, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). In addition, findings may provide a clinical basis for avoiding DEH and FEN during therapeutic tooth alignment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: CBCT images of 21 patients near the end of their peak growth and development were included. DEH and FEN in the anterior teeth and thicknesses of the alveolar bone at the palatal (TP) and labiolingual (LL) sides of each anterior tooth were measured before and after OT. RESULTS: After OT, the incidence rates of mandibular anterior labial DEH, maxillary anterior TP-bone defect, and mandibular anterior lingual bone defect were increased by 20, 19, and 30%, respectively. Assessment of CT images prior to treatment showed that the teeth developing bone defects were significantly different regarding the apical alveolar bone thicknesses compared to the teeth that did not develop bone defects after OT, i.e., the incidence of DEH and FEN after OT was lower if the thickness of the apex to labiolingual alveolar bone before OT was as follows: the apex to labial alveolar bone thickness of the maxillary central incisor and maxillary lateral incisor was >4 mm, the apex to palatal alveolar bone thickness of the maxillary lateral incisor was >3 mm; the apex to labiolingual alveolar bone thickness of the lower incisor was >5 mm. CONCLUSION: The incidence of post-OT DEH at the maxillary anterior and mandibular anterior lingual surfaces were increased significantly compared to before treatment. In general, the smaller the apex to labiolingual alveolar bone thickness, the greater the likelihood of bone defects occurring after OT. Evaluation of the apical position of anterior teeth in alveolar bone can help minimize the occurrence of bone defects after OT.

13.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599108

RESUMO

The ladybird beetle Propylea japonica is an important natural enemy in agro-ecological systems. Studies on the strong tolerance of P. japonica to high temperatures and insecticides, and its population and phenotype diversity have recently increased. However, abundant genome resources for obtaining insights into stress-resistance mechanisms and genetic intra-species diversity for P. japonica are lacking. Here, we constructed the P. japonica genome maps using Pacific Bioscience (PacBio) and Illumina sequencing technologies. The genome size was 850.90 Mb with a contig N50 of 813.13 kb. The Hi-C sequence data were used to upgrade draft genome assemblies; 4,777 contigs were assembled to 10 chromosomes; and the final draft genome assembly was 803.93 Mb with a contig N50 of 813.98 kb and a scaffold N50 of 100.34 Mb. Approximately 495.38 Mb of repeated sequences was annotated. The 18,018 protein-coding genes were predicted, of which 95.78% were functionally annotated, and 1,407 genes were species-specific. The phylogenetic analysis showed that P. japonica diverged from the ancestor of Anoplophora glabripennis and Tribolium castaneum ~ 236.21 million years ago. We detected that some important gene families involved in detoxification of pesticides and tolerance to heat stress were expanded in P. japonica, especially cytochrome P450 and Hsp70 genes. Overall, the high-quality draft genome sequence of P. japonica will provide invaluable resource for understanding the molecular mechanisms of stress resistance and will facilitate the research on population genetics, evolution and phylogeny of Coccinellidae. This genome will also provide new avenues for conserving the diversity of predator insects.

14.
Vet Med Sci ; 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657876

RESUMO

The present study was performed to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of virulence genes in Escherichia coli (E. coli) isolated from piglets suffering post-weaning diarrhoea (PWD) in Shandong Province, China. The standard bacteriological method was used to isolate and identify E. coli, and then multiplex polymerase chain reaction (mPCR) was performed to determine virulence genes in E. coli. Among the 300 isolates, 166 (55.3%) harboured at least one virulence gene. Among the 166 isolates, 155 (93.4%) contained toxin-related genes. For enterotoxin genes, EAST1 (58/166, 34.9%) and LT-I (45/166, 27.1%) were the most common, followed by STa (32/166, 19.3%) and STb (21/166, 12.7%); for pathogenicity island (PAI) genes, irp2 (49/166, 29.5%) was the most dominant, followed by eae (48/166, 28.9%); for Shiga toxigenic E. coli (STEC)-associated toxin genes, Stx2e and hlyA genes were observed in 19 (19/166, 11.4%) and three strains (3/166, 1.8%) respectively. In addition, of the 166 isolates, 95 (95/166, 57.2%) contained adhesin genes, and AIDA-I (33/166, 19.9%) was the most common, followed by paa (27/166, 16.3%), F5 (K99) (20/166, 12.0%), F18 (15/166, 9.0%) and F41 (12/166, 7.2%). In summary, these findings demonstrated the prevalence and characteristics of virulence factors in E. coli isolates from piglets with PWD in Shandong Province of China, and the data may be useful for establishing preventive measures for post-weaning piglet diarrhoea.

15.
Bioorg Chem ; : 103350, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640933

RESUMO

One new polycyclic furanobutenolide-derived norcembranoid, xiguscabrolide H (1), together with eleven known related norditerpenoids 2-12 were isolated from South China Sea soft corals Sinularia scabra and S. polydactyla, respectively. Among them, compounds 1, 6, 8, and 12 were discovered from the former species, while compounds 2-5, 7, and 9-11 were obtained from the latter species. The structure of new compound 1 was elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis and by the comparison with the reported data. With the assistance of time-dependent density functional theory electronic circular dichroism (TDDFT-ECD) calculations, its absolute configuration was determined. Moreover, the absolute stereostructures of the known compounds 3, 4, and 9-12, of which only relative configurations were assigned, were established for the first time by X-Ray diffraction analysis and TDDFT-ECD calculations, respectively. In bioassay, several isolates exhibited potent inhibitory effects on the ConA-induced T lymphocytes and/or LPS-induced B lymphocytes proliferation.

16.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23045, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the association of circular RNA La-related RNA-binding protein 4 (circ-LARP4) with clinical features and prognosis in osteosarcoma patients, and further explore its effect on chemosensitivity in osteosarcoma cells. METHODS: Seventy-two osteosarcoma patients with Enneking stage IIA-IIB who underwent resection were consecutively enrolled, and then, tumor tissues and non-tumor tissues were obtained. Circ-LARP4 in tumor tissue/non-tumor tissue was detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. After circ-LARP4 overexpression and negative control overexpression plasmid transfection, relative cell viability (%) was evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 in MG63 cells treated by different concentrations of cisplatin, methotrexate, and doxorubicin, and IC50 was calculated. RESULTS: Circ-LARP4 was downregulated in tumor tissue compared with non-tumor tissue and had a good value in distinguishing tumor tissue from non-tumor tissue with an area under curve of 0.829 (95% CI: 0.762-0.859). Meanwhile, tumor circ-LARP4 was negatively correlated with the Enneking stage. After resection, circ-LARP4 high expression patients showed an increased tumor cell necrosis rate to adjuvant chemotherapy compared to circ-LARP4 low expression patients, and circ-LARP4 high expression correlated with prolonged disease-free survival and overall survival. In vitro experiments revealed that circ-LARP4 overexpression elevated the chemosensitivity of MG63 cells to cisplatin and doxorubicin but not methotrexate, with decreased cisplatin IC50 and doxorubicin IC50 concentrations than negative control. Besides, miR-424 overexpression attenuated the chemosensitivity in circ-LARP4 overexpression-treated MG63 cells. CONCLUSION: Circ-LARP4 high expression correlates with decreased Enneking stage and prolonged survival profiles, and it elevates chemosensitivity to cisplatin and doxorubicin via sponging miR-424 in osteosarcoma.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data on management of maternal arrhythmia among Chinese were limited. Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) proved to be a reliable treatment choice for sustained tachyarrhythmia but it has rarely been performed during pregnancy due to radiation exposure. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of idiopathic sustained maternal arrhythmia and the feasibility of RFCA in the pregnant patients without fluoroscopy. METHODS: From January of 2015 to December of 2018, the medical records on pregnancy-related admissions in Beijing Anzhen Hospital (Beijing, China) were retrospectively analyzed. Patients who had sustained tachyarrhythmia episodes without structural heart disease were identified. Catheter ablation was performed in those with drug resistant and severely frequent tachyarrhythmia under the guidance of electroanatomical mapping system and intracardiac echocardiography catheter (ICE), if appropriate. RESULTS: During the study period, 12 584 consecutive pregnant women were admitted for pregnancy-related reasons, 156 (1.2%) of them were identified as sustained maternal tachyarrhythmia. Twenty-eight patients (age 21-37 years) received catheter ablation because the arrhythmias were drug resistant and severely frequent. The RFCA was successfully performed in all patients with zero fluoroscopy after 72.4 ± 24.7 min. Transseptal puncture was performed in 11 patients under the guidance of ICE. In a median of 37 (interquartile range [IQR]: 34-39) weeks' pregnancy, 28 healthy fetuses were delivered. No cardiac-related adverse event occurred during delivery. During later follow-up, all patients were free of arrhythmia, and all the infants were well developed. CONCLUSION: Sustained maternal tachyarrhythmia is not uncommon in the clinical practice. To those with drug resistant and severely frequent arrhythmia, RFCA with zero fluoroscopy could be safely performed with acceptable efficacy.

18.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(20)2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635243

RESUMO

Massive machine-type communication (mMTC) is investigated as one of three typical scenes of the 5th-generation (5G) network. In this paper, we propose a 5G-enabled internet of things (IoT) in which some enhanced mobile broadband devices transmit video stream to a centralized controller and some mMTC devices exchange short packet data with adjacent devices via D2D communication to promote inter-device cooperation. Since massive MTC devices have data transmission requirements in 5G-enabled IoT with limited spectrum resources, the subcarrier allocation problem is investigated to maximize the connectivity of mMTC devices subject to the quality of service (QoS) requirement of enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB) devices and mMTC devices. To solve the formulated mixed-integer non-linear programming (MINLP) problem, which is NP-hard, an interference-aware subcarrier allocation algorithm for mMTC communication (IASA) is developed to maximize the number of active mMTC devices. Finally, the performance of the proposed algorithm is evaluated by simulation. Numerical results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm outperforms the three traditional benchmark methods, which significantly improves the utilization of the uplink spectrum. This indicates that the proposed IASA algorithm provides a better solution for IoT application.

19.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(4): 545-554, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582126

RESUMO

This case report describes the combined use of a myofunctional Trainer for Braces and fixed appliances to treat a 10-year-old girl with a Class II Division 1 malocclusion that featured severe maxillary incisor protrusion, a large overjet, and a V-shaped maxillary arch. She had a convex profile with an underdeveloped mandible. The superiority of myofunctional training in the case was to eliminate mouth breathing and lip sucking habits, train the oral musculature, stimulate mandibular growth, and make braces work more efficiently. The posttreatment facial photographs show improvement in the facial profile. Proper occlusion and facial balance were created, which were quite stable as demonstrated by the patient's 4-year follow-up records.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/terapia , Terapia Miofuncional/métodos , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Cefalometria , Criança , Terapia Combinada , Técnica de Fundição Odontológica , Estética Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Fotografação
20.
ASAIO J ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609791

RESUMO

Strokes remain a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with ventricular assist devices (VADs). Varying study populations, event definitions, and reporting methods make direct comparison of neurologic event risk across clinical trials and registries challenging. We aim to highlight important differences among major VAD studies and standardize rates of neurologic events to facilitate a comprehensive and objective comparison. We systematically identified and analyzed key clinical trials and registries evaluating the HeartMate II (HMII), HeartMate 3 (HM3), and HVAD devices. Reported neurologic events were nonexclusively categorized into ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, disabling stroke, fatal stroke, and other neurologic events per the studies' definitions. Event rates were standardized to events per patient-year (EPPY) and freedom from event formats. Seven key clinical trials and registries were included in our analysis. There is significant variation and overlap in neurologic event rates for the three VAD platforms across clinical trials (all neurologic events [EPPY]: HM3 0.17-0.21; HMII 0.19-0.26; HVAD 0.16-0.28). None performs consistently better for all types of neurologic events. Furthermore, stroke rates among VAD trials correlated with baseline stroke risk factors including ischemic etiology, history of atrial fibrillation, and history of prior stroke.

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