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1.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 210: 114574, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999432

RESUMO

In present study, a comprehensive strategy integrating multiple chromatographic and chemometric methods to simultaneously characterize the volatile and non-volatile components was developed for the holistic quality evaluation of commercial Agastache rugosa (AR), a common edible and medicinal herb, collected in China. The volatile components and the non-volatile components were characterized by GC-MS and UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS, respectively. And the data were analyzed either independently or integratively by multivariate statistical analysis (MVS) for the quality assessment of commercial samples. The results revealed that the commercial AR samples were different in both the composition and the content of volatile components. However, the compositions of non-volatile components in commercial AR were generally similar, whereas the contents of some components were different. All the results indicated that the holistic quality of commercial AR was inconsistent, and the commercial samples collected could be classified into two main groups, the volatile components were majorly responsible for the classification. Whether or not the holistic quality variations affect the efficacy of AR deserves further investigation.

2.
J Endod ; 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999093

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In recent years intentional replantation (IR) has received more attention for its high tooth survival rate and wide range of indications. Type Ⅲb dens invaginatus (DI) is one of the most serious types of tooth malformation and is very challenging to treat. When root-end surgery is not feasible, IR may be considered as an alternative to extraction. However, there is little information available on the use of IR for type Ⅲb DI. Therefore, this study investigated the treatment outcomes and clinical procedures used for treatment of type IIIb DI with IR. METHODS: IR was performed to treat 10 patients with type Ⅲb DI with periapical lesions. Each tooth was examined clinically and radiologically. IR was selected by these patients as their treatment plan after treatment procedures were discussed. An experienced endodontist and an experienced surgeon performed all treatments using the same protocol and surgical technique. Postoperative assessments were comprised of clinical and radiographic examinations, tooth survival and functional status. RESULTS: The follow-up period ranged from 4 to 39 months. After IR, eight teeth were functioning properly with no clinical and radiological signs of pathology. The other two teeth had complications after IR comprising recurrence of periapical radiolucency and sinus tract formation in one patient, and development of a mucosal fenestration in another. Both of these patients received additional surgery and showed marked improvements. CONCLUSION: Our study evaluated the most clinical data to date and showed that IR may be a reliable alternative for type IIIb DI with a periapical lesion.

3.
J Tissue Eng ; 13: 20417314211063022, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35024135

RESUMO

Traditional tissue engineering skin are composed of living cells and natural or synthetic scaffold. Besize the time delay and the risk of contamination involved with cell culture, the lack of autologous cell source and the persistence of allogeneic cells in heterologous grafts have limited its application. This study shows a novel tissue engineering functional skin by carrying minimal functional unit of skin (MFUS) in 3D-printed polylactide-co-caprolactone (PLCL) scaffold and collagen gel (PLCL + Col + MFUS). MFUS is full-layer micro skin harvested from rat autologous tail skin. 3D-printed PLCL elastic scaffold has the similar mechanical properties with rat skin which provides a suitable environment for MFUS growing and enhances the skin wound healing. Four large full-thickness skin defects with 30 mm diameter of each wound are created in rat dorsal skin, and treated either with tissue engineering functional skin (PLCL + Col + MFUS), or with 3D-printed PLCL scaffold and collagen gel (PLCL + Col), or with micro skin islands only (Micro skin), or without treatment (Normal healing). The wound treated with PLCL + Col + MFUS heales much faster than the other three groups as evidenced by the fibroblasts migration from fascia to the gap between the MFUS dermis layer, and functional skin with hair follicles and sebaceous gland has been regenerated. The PLCL + Col treated wound heals faster than normal healing wound, but no skin appendages formed in PLCL + Col-treated wound. The wound treated with micro skin islands heals slower than the wounds treated either with tissue engineering skin (PLCL + Col + MFUS) or with PLCL + Col gel. Our results provide a new strategy to use autologous MFUS instead "seed cells" as the bio-resource of engineering skin for large full-thickness skin wound healing.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34991079

RESUMO

Measurements using an Optical Fiber OFS including an inorganic scintillator placed on the surface of a phantom show that the particle energy distribution inside the phantom remains unchanged. The backscattered intensity measured using an Optical Fiber Sensor (OFS) exhibits a linear relationship with the total radiation dose delivered to the phantom, and this relationship shows that the OFS can be used for indirect dose measurement when located on the surface of the phantom i.e. that arising from the energetic backscattered electrons and photons. Such a device can therefore be used as a clinicalin-vivodosimeter, being located on the patient's body surface. In addition, the measurement results for the same OFS located inside and outside the radiation field of a compound water based phantom are analyzed. The differences in measurement of the fluorescence signal in response to various tissue materials representing bone or tumor tissue in the irradiation field are strongly related to the material's ability to block the scattered rays from the water phantom, as well as the scattered X-rays generated by the material located within the phantom.

5.
Nanoscale ; 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989752

RESUMO

Although lithium metal is regarded as the most promising anode for high energy density lithium ion batteries, the unstable solid-liquid interface during cycling severely shortens the battery lifetime. The Li deposition behavior is greatly influenced by the current density distribution on the surface of the electrode, which is significantly associated with the electrode structure. A well-designed electrode structure plays a key role in stabilizing the solid-liquid interface of the Li metal anode. In this work, a lithiophilic honeycomb-like Ni3N nanosheet array modified Ni foam (Ni3N@NF) is prepared to stabilize the lithium metal anode. The honeycomb-like Ni3N nanosheet arrays divide the surface of Ni foam into numerous micro-regions, enabling Li to independently deposit in each mesh. Besides, Li3N is generated resulting from the in situ reaction between Li and Ni3N, improving the transportation of Li-ions. Consequently, a symmetrical cell of Ni3N@NF-Li||Ni3N@NF-Li achieves stable Li plating/stripping behavior for over 1500 h at a current density of 1 mA cm-2. Besides, a full cell of Ni3N@NF-Li||LiFePO4 exhibits enhanced cycling stability and outstanding rate performance.

6.
Plant J ; 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34978355

RESUMO

A typical adaptive response to submergence regulated by SUB1A, the ethylene-responsive transcription factor gene, is the restricted elongation of the uppermost leaves. However, the molecular and physiological functions of SUB1A have been characterized using entire shoot tissues, most of which are mature leaves that do not elongate under submergence. We aimed to identify leaf type-specific and overlapping adaptations coordinated in SUB1A-dependent and independent manners. To this end, we compared the transcriptomic and hormonal responses to submergence between mature and growing leaves using rice genotypes with and without SUB1A. Monosaccharide, branched-chain amino acid, and nucleoside metabolism, associated with ATP synthesis, were commonly activated in both leaf types regardless of genotype. In both leaf types, pathways involved in carbohydrate and nitrogen metabolism were suppressed by SUB1A, with more severe restriction in growing leaves that have a greater energy demand if SUB1A is absent. In growing leaves, accumulation of and responsiveness to growth-regulating hormones were properly modulated by SUB1A, which correlated with restricted elongation. In mature leaves, submergence-induced auxin accumulation was suppressed by SUB1A. This study demonstrates that different sets of hormonal pathways, both of which are modulated by SUB1A, contribute to distinct adaptive responses to submergence in mature and growing rice leaves.

8.
Food Chem ; 368: 130799, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425343

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the changes in physical and chemical properties of edamame during bean development and apply a spectroscopy-based machine learning (ML) technique to determine optimal harvest time. The edamame harvested at R5 (beginning seed), R6 (full seed), and R7 (beginning maturity) growth stages were characterized for physical and chemical properties, and pods were measured for spectral reflectance (360-740 nm) using a handheld spectrophotometer. The samples were categorized into 'early', 'ready', and 'late' based on the characterized properties. The results showed that pod/bean weight and pod thickness peaked at R6 and remained stable thereafter. Sugar, starch, alanine, and glycine also peaked at R6 but proceeded to decline. The ML method (random forest classification) using pods' spectral reflectance had a high accuracy of 0.95 for classifying 'early' and 'late' samples and 0.87 for classifying 'early' and 'ready' samples. Therefore, this method can determine the optimal harvest time of edamame.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Soja , Sementes , Análise Espectral , Açúcares
9.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2375: 47-59, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591298

RESUMO

There is a tremendous clinical need for synthetic vascular grafts either for bypass procedure or vascular access during hemodialysis. However, currently, there is no small-diameter vascular graft commercially available to meet long-term patency requirement due to frequent thrombus formation and intimal hyperplasia. This chapter describes the fabrication of electrospun small-diameter polycarbonate-urethane (PCU) vascular graft with a biomimetic fibrous structure. Additionally, the surface of the vascular graft is aminated via plasma treatment for the subsequently end-point heparin immobilization to enhance antithrombosis property.


Assuntos
Uretana/química , Prótese Vascular , Heparina , Cimento de Policarboxilato , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
10.
J Hazard Mater ; 422: 126880, 2022 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399214

RESUMO

In order to predict the early failure of organic insulator, Co3O4@TiO2@Y2O3 nanocomposites was prepared and characterized (XRD, SEM, EDS, FTIR, UV-vis-NIR, XPS) to detect decomposition CO gas. A simple experimental platform was built to verify the excellent adsorption, stability, selectivity and repeatability of the composite. Then, the mechanism of adsorption enhancement was analyzed by heterojunction. Aiming at 170 sets of gas sensing data sets, Successive Projections Algorithm (SPA) was used to extract data features, and grey wolf optimization vector machine regression (GWO-SVR) model was established to predict carbon monoxide concentration. The correlation coefficient (RP), root mean square error (RMSEP) and calculation time of prediction set were 99.3025%, 0.0418 and 1.47 s, respectively. Therefore, the combination of the superior properties of a composite sensitive material and the small sample quantitative prediction model is a promising method for gas sensors in the future.


Assuntos
Nanocompostos , Cobalto , Óxidos , Titânio
12.
Small ; : e2106427, 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34889053

RESUMO

Lithium (Li) metal batteries (LMBs) face huge challenges to achieve long cycling life at wide temperature range owing to the severe dendrite growth at subambient temperature and the intense side reactions with electrolyte at high temperature. Herein, an ultrathin LiBO2 layer with an extremely high Young's modulus of 8.0 GPa is constructed on Li anode via an in situ reaction between Li metal and 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxa-borolane (TDB) to form LiBO2 @Li anode, which presents two times higher exchange current density than pristine Li anode. The LiBO2 layer presents a strong absorption to Li ions and greatly improves the interfacial dynamics of Li-ion migration, which induces homogenous lithium nucleation and deposition to form a dense lithium layer. Consequently, the Li dendrite growth during cycling at subambient temperature and the side reactions with electrolyte at high temperature are simultaneously suppressed. The LiBO2 @Li/LiNi0.8 Co0.1 Mn0.1 O2 (NCM811) full batteries with limited Li capacity and high cathode mass loading of 9.9 mg cm-2 can steadily cycle for 300 cycles with a capacity retention of 86.6%. The LiBO2 @Li/NCM811 full batteries and LiBO2 @Li/LiBO2 @Li symmetric batteries also present excellent cycling performance at both -20 and 60 °C. This work develops a strategy to achieve outstanding performance of LMBs at wide working temperature-range.

13.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 126: 104990, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34871957

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to develop a novel nanostructured resin infiltrant containing nanoparticles of amorphous calcium phosphate (NACP) to treat enamel white spot lesions (WSLs). Physical properties and the therapeutic effect of the new resin infiltrant were investigated for the first time. METHODS: NACP was incorporated into ICON (Icon caries infiltrant, DMG, Germany) with different mass fractions. Cytotoxicity, degree of conversion, surface hardness, calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) ions release concentrations were tested. After application to the demineralized enamel samples, the color changes were determined. Surface and cross-sectional hardness were measured, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images were taken on the cross-section of samples to observe microstructure changes after 14-day pH cycling. RESULTS: Incorporating 10%-30% of NACP did not compromise the biocompatibility and physical properties of the resin infiltrant. ICON + 30% NACP group had long-lasting and high level of Ca and P ion release. After 14-day pH cycling, enamel surface hardness of ICON + 30% NACP group was 1.83 ± 0.21 GPa, significantly higher than the control group (1.32 ± 0.18 GPa) (p < 0.05). ICON + 30NACP group had the highest cross-sectional enamel hardness among all groups (p < 0.05), especially at 50 µm and 100 µm depth. SEM images showed that apparent enamel prism and inter-prism gaps in negative control were masked by mineral deposition in ICON + 30% NACP group. SIGNIFICANCE: The novel ICON+30% NACP infiltrant is promising to inhibit enamel WSLs, protect the enamel and increase its hardness.

14.
Am J Cancer Res ; 11(11): 5591-5608, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34873482

RESUMO

Skin malignancies form in tissues of the skin and are the most frequent cancers in the world, with an increasing incidence and a steady fatality rate. They are classified as melanoma or nonmelanoma cancers, which include basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Noncoding RNA transcripts have received increased attention after the thorough analysis of the human genome revealed that most of the genomic components are not encoded to protein. MicroRNAs, long noncoding RNAs, and circular RNAs are some of the well-studied types of these noncoding regions. The alteration in any of these members' expression is associated intrinsically with human cancers, including skin malignancies, due to their critical functions in cell processes for normal development. As a result, investigating the noncoding component of the transcriptome opens up the possibility of discovering new therapeutic and diagnostic targets. This review discusses current studies on the involvement of microRNAs, long noncoding RNAs, and circular RNAs in the pathogenesis of human skin cancers.

15.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 753613, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34880886

RESUMO

Ecological management of river channels is a hot topic for current sustainable development and flow measurement of ecological river is an important part. In this article, a flow velocity distribution model of the channel containing flexible vegetation is constructed from the vegetation riverbed theory and the bursting phenomenon to reveal the microscopic mechanism of the flow velocity distribution in the upper layer of vegetation. In the vegetation riverbed law, the effect of flexible vegetation is evaluated by the mixed length formula. The bursting phenomenon law considers the influence of the channel sidewalls on the flow and a two-dimensional velocity model is established by introducing the concept of average turbulence structure. The mechanism of the downward shift of the maximum flow velocity point on the channel sidewall is explained. The verification of the calculated velocity profiles is carried out based on data obtained in laboratory experiments. The results show that the combination of the two models can well describe the velocity distribution of the whole channel. At the end, the phenomenon of flow velocity zoning in open channel is discussed, which provides a solution for flow measurement in ecological channel.

16.
Mol Cancer ; 20(1): 158, 2021 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34863211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNA (circRNA), a subclass of non-coding RNA, plays a critical role in cancer tumorigenesis and metastasis. It has been suggested that circRNA acts as a microRNA sponge or a scaffold to interact with protein complexes; however, its full range of functions remains elusive. Recently, some circRNAs have been found to have coding potential. METHODS: To investigate the role of circRNAs in gastric cancer (GC), parallel sequencing was performed using five paired GC samples. Differentially expressed circAXIN1 was proposed to encode a novel protein. FLAG-tagged circRNA overexpression plasmid construction, immunoblotting, mass spectrometry, and luciferase reporter analyses were applied to confirm the coding potential of circAXIN1. Gain- and loss-of-function studies were conducted to study the oncogenic role of circAXIN1 and AXIN1-295aa on the proliferation, migration, invasion, and metastasis of GC cells in vitro and in vivo. The competitive interaction between AXIN1-295aa and adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) was investigated by immunoprecipitation analyses. Wnt signaling activity was observed using a Top/Fopflash assay, real-time quantitative RT-PCR, immunoblotting, immunofluorescence staining, and chromatin immunoprecipitation. RESULTS: CircAXIN1 is highly expressed in GC tissues compared with its expression in paired adjacent normal gastric tissues. CircAXIN1 encodes a 295 amino acid (aa) novel protein, which was named AXIN1-295aa. CircAXIN1 overexpression enhances the cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of GC cells, while the knockdown of circAXIN1 inhibits the malignant behaviors of GC cells in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, AXIN1-295aa competitively interacts with APC, leading to dysfunction of the "destruction complex" of the Wnt pathway. Released ß-catenin translocates to the nucleus and binds to the TCF consensus site on the promoter, inducing downstream gene expression. CONCLUSION: CircAXIN1 encodes a novel protein, AXIN1-295aa. AXIN1-295aa functions as an oncogenic protein, activating the Wnt signaling pathway to promote GC tumorigenesis and progression, suggesting a potential therapeutic target for GC.

18.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 209: 114522, 2021 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34891006

RESUMO

In this study, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS) and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with photo-diode array spectrometry (UPLC-DAD) were firstly integrated to qualitatively characterize the chemical profiles and quantitatively determine the major components in Impatiens Caulis (IC), a Chinese medicinal herb derived from the dried stem of Impatiens balsamina. The qualitative analysis revealed that there was no difference in chemical profiles of twenty commercial IC samples. A total of 45 components were characterized, there in 5 naphthoquinones, 3 coumarins, 5 phenolic acids, 12 flavonoids and 3 other compounds were identified definitely. However, the quantitative results showed a significant difference in these IC samples. In particular, the highest content of total quantified compounds was even 9.49 times of the lowest one. Furthermore, the average contents of these quantified compounds in twenty commercial IC samples had high values of relative standard deviation (RSD) ranged from 15.64% to 98.76%, suggesting a poor quality consistency in these commercial IC samples. Therefore, efficacy related chemical markers as well as the cultivation region, harvest time and/or post-harvest handling of IC should be further investigated for ensuring its quality and efficacy consistency.

19.
Cell Biol Int ; 2021 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34939719

RESUMO

Mutations of PSEN1 have been reported in dilated cardiomyopathy pedigrees. Understanding the effects and mechanisms of PSEN1 in cardiomyocytes might have important implications for treatment of heart diseases. Here, we showed that PSEN1 was downregulated in ischemia-induced failing hearts. Functionally, cardiovascular specific PSEN1 deletion led to spontaneous death of the mice due to cardiomyopathy. At the age of 11 months, the ratio of the heart weight/body weight was slightly lower in the Sm22a-PSEN1-KO mice compared with that of the WT mice. Echocardiography showed that the percentage of ejection fraction and fractional shortening was significantly reduced in the Sm22a-PSEN1-KO group compared with the percent of these measures in the WT group, indicating that PSEN1-KO resulted in heart failure. The abnormally regulated genes resulted from PSEN1-KO were detected to be enriched in muscle development and dilated cardiomyopathy. Among them, several genes encode Ca2+ ion channels, promoting us to investigate the effects of PSEN1 KO on regulation of Ca2+ in isolated adult cardiomyocytes. Consistently, in isolated adult cardiomyocytes, PSEN1-KO increased the concentration of cytosolic Ca2+ and reduced Ca2+ concentration inside the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) lumen at the resting stage. Additionally, SR Ca2+ was decreased in the failing hearts of WT mice, but with the lowest levels observed in the failing hearts of PSEN1 knockout mice. These results indicate that the process of Ca2+ release from SR into cytoplasm was affected by PSEN1 KO. Therefore, the abnormalities in Ca2+ homeostasis resulted from downregulation of PSEN1 in failing hearts might contribute to aging-related cardiomyopathy, which might had important implications for the treatment of aging-related heart diseases.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34903419

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the results of maxillary discrepancy treated by microimplant-assisted rapid palatal expansion (MARPE) at different ages. METHODS: Sixty patients (aged 11.0-34.1 years; 23 male and 37 female) were treated by MARPE. Cone-beam computed tomography scans and dental casts were taken before and after expansion. The data were compared among 4 age groups: early adolescents (aged 11-14 years), late adolescents (aged 15-19 years), young adults (aged 20-24 years), and old adults (aged 25-34.1 years). RESULTS: The success rates of midpalatal suture separation were 100%, 100%, 88.2%, and 85.7% for early adolescents, late adolescents, young adults, and old adults, respectively. Palatal sutures at the level of the first molar were expanded by 4.02 mm, 3.48 mm, 2.63 mm, and 2.10 mm, corresponding to 66.7%, 58.1%, 42.0%, and 37.9% of the total dental expansion. Significant differences were found in the amounts of palatal suture expansion and the ratio of skeletal dental expansion between patients aged <20 years and patients aged ≥20 years (P <0.05). Skeletal expansion constituted 69.4%, 51.3%, 39.0%, and 29.8% of the total screw expansion. Except for the comparison between young adults and old adults, there were significant differences between groups for the ratio of skeletal screw expansion (P <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The midpalatal suture can be expanded by MARPE more easily in patients <20 years of age than in patients ≥20 years of age. The ratio of skeletal screw expansion decreases as age increases.

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