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1.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 22(1): 156, 2022 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35606700

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To find out the reasons why patients still need to use rescue analgesics frequently after gastrointestinal tumor surgery under the patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (IV-PCA), and the different abdominal surgery patients using the difference of analgesics. METHODS: A total of 970 patients underwent abdominal operation for gastrointestinal tumors were included. According whether patients used dezocine frequently for rescue analgesics within 2 days after surgery, they assigned into two groups: RAN group (Patients who did not frequently use rescue analgesia, 406 cases) and RAY group (Patients who frequently used rescue analgesia, 564 cases). The data collected included patient's characteristics, postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS), nausea and vomiting (PONV), and postoperative activity recovery time. RESULTS: No differences were observed in the baseline characteristics. Compared with the RAN group, patients in the RAY group had a higher proportion of open surgery, upper abdominal surgery, VAS score at rest on the first 2 days after surgery and PONV, and a slower recovery of most postoperative activities. Under the current use of IV-PCA background, the proportion of rescue analgesics used by patients undergoing laparotomy and upper abdominal surgery was as high as 64.33% and 72.8%, respectively. Regression analysis showed that open surgery (vs laparoscopic surgery: OR: 2.288, 95% CI: 1.650-3.172) and the location of the tumor in the upper abdomen (vs lower abdominal tumor: OR: 2.738, 95% CI: 2.034-3.686) were influential factors for frequent salvage administration. CONCLUSIONS: In our patient population, with our IV-PCA prescription for postoperative pain control, patient who underwent open upper abdominal surgery required more rescue postoperative analgesia.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35608970

RESUMO

A novel bifidobacteria (designated S053-2T) was isolated from the gut of honeybee (Apis mellifera). Strain S053-2T was characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The result of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain S053-2T was phylogenetically related to the type strains of Bifidobacterium asteroides, Bifidobacterium indicum, Bifidobacterium actinocoloniiforme, Bifidobacterium xylocopae, Bifidobacterium coryneforme, Bifidobacterium apousia, Bifidobacterium choladohabitans and Bifidobacterium polysaccharolyticum, and had 95.5-99.7 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain S053-2T was most closely related to the type strain of B. asteroides, having 99.7 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. Strain S053-2T had relatively low (91.6-95.7 %) pheS, atpA, clpC, dnaG, fusA, glnA, glyS, hsp60, argS, pyrG and recA sequence similarities to the type strain of B. asteroides. Strain S053-2T had 94.5-95.3% atpA, clpC, dnaG, dnaK and pyrG sequence similarities to the type strain of B. apousia. The phylogenomic tree indicated that strain S053-2T belonged to the B. asteroides group, and was most closely related to the type strains of B. asteroides, B. apousia, B. choladohabitans and B. polysaccharolyticum, and distantly related to type strains of other phylogenetically related species in the B. asteroides group. Strain S053-2T shared the highest average nucleotide identity (ANI, 93.8 %), digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH, 52.4 %) and average amino acid identity (AAI, 95.6%) values with B. apousia W8102T. Strain S053-2T shared 91.1 % ANI, 41.9 % dDDH and 92.5 % AAI values with B. asteroides DSM 20089T. Acid production from l-arabinose, d-xylose, d-mannose, amygdalin, cellobiose, maltose, melibiose, sucrose, raffinose, gentiobiose and l-fucose, and activity of esterase lipase (C8) and α-fucosidase could differentiate strain S053-2T from B. asteroides DSM 20089T. Acid production from d-mannose, maltose, sucrose, melezitose and gentiobiose, and activity of α-fucosidase could differentiate strain S053-2T from B. apousia W8102T. Based upon the data obtained in the present study, a novel species, Bifidobacterium mizhiense sp. nov., is proposed, and the type strain is S053-2T (=JCM 34710T=CCTCC AB 2021129T).

3.
Plant J ; 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35506310

RESUMO

Low phosphate (LP) in soil is a common nutrient stress that severely restricts agricultural production, but the role, if any, of the major stress phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) in plant phosphate (Pi) starvation responses remains elusive. Here, we report that LP-induced ABA accumulation promotes Pi uptake in an ABA INSENSITIVE5 (ABI5)-dependent manner in Arabidopsis thaliana. LP significantly activated plant ABA biosynthesis, metabolism, and stress responses, suggesting a role of ABA in plant response to Pi availability. LP-induced ABA accumulation and expression of two major high-affinity phosphate transporter genes PHOSPHATE TRANSPORTER1;1/1;4 (PHT1;1/1;4) were severely impaired in a mutant lacking BETA-GLUCOSIDASE1 (BG1), which converts conjugated ABA to active ABA, and the mutant had shorter root and less Pi content than the wild-type plant under LP. Moreover, a mutant of ABI5, the central transcription factor in ABA signaling, also exhibited suppressed root elongation and had reduced Pi content under LP. ABI5 facilitated phosphate acquisition by activating the expression of PHT1;1 by directly binding to its promoter, while overexpressing PHT1;1 completely rescued its reduced Pi content under LP. Together, our findings illustrate a molecular mechanism by which ABA positively modulates phosphate acquisition through ABI5 in Arabidopsis response to phosphate deficiency.

4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(8): 2228-2236, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531739

RESUMO

This study aims to analyze the research on the prevention and treatment of cerebral small vessel diseases(CSVDs) with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) based on knowledge map, and to preliminarily explore the research hotspots and trends. To be specific, articles on TCM treatment of CSVDs in CNKI, Wanfang, and VIP(from establishment to November 2021) were retrieved, followed by bibliometric analysis. Then CiteSpace 5.7 R4 and Gephi were employed for generation of maps on annual number of articles, author cooperation, institution cooperation, keyword co-occurrence, keyword clustering, and keyword emergence. A total of 106 eligible articles were screened out, and the annual number of articles presented a steady upward trend. A total of 277 authors were included in the author cooperation network, among whom CHEN Zhigang published the most articles. A total of 87 institutions were included in the institution cooperation network, among which Dongfang Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine showed the most frequent cooperation with other institutions. Keyword clustering showed that research on the TCM treatment of CSVDs mainly focused on five aspects: related disease research, neurological function deficits, disease nature and location in TCM, TCM treatment methods, and formulas. The prevention and treatment of CSVDs with TCM in China has been developing steadily in the past ten years, and TCM has unique advantages in the prevention and treatment of this disease. The knowledge maps vividly demonstrated the development and research hotspots and trends in this field. The result is expected to provide a reference for further research in this field.


Assuntos
Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Bibliometria , Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais/prevenção & controle , China , Humanos , Publicações
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35428928

RESUMO

We aimed to explore the effect of chaetocin on atherosclerosis and its possible mechanism. In vitro, we observed that chaetocin treatment significantly inhibited the proliferation of VSMCs in concentration- and time-dependent manner. We also found that chaetocin suppressed the migration of VSMCs. Moreover, chaetocin treatment induced a contractile phenotype in VSMCs by increasing α-SMA and SM22α expression. In addition, chaetocin treatment attenuated the accumulation of H3K9me3 on VSMCs contractile gene promoters, which promoted the expression of α-SMA and SM22α. In vivo, chaetocin treatment decreased the H3K9me3 expression, diminished atherosclerotic plaque formation, and increased plaque stability by decreasing necrotic core area and lipid accumulation and increasing collagen content and contractile VSMC phenotype. We demonstrated a new function of chaetocin in inhibiting atherosclerosis progression and increasing plaque stability partly by inhibiting pathological phenotypic switching of VSMCs. These newly identified roles of chaetocin might provide a novel therapeutic target in atherosclerosis.

6.
JAMA Intern Med ; 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435939
7.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 622: 50-61, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489101

RESUMO

Photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) in water environments attracts more attention; however, the mechanisms involved in this process have not been clearly elucidated yet. In this study, the photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) by polydopamine modified Bi2.15WO6 (PDA/BWO) under visible light was conducted. Kinetics results show that PDA apparently accelerates the reduction of Cr(VI). The quasi-first-order kinetic constant of Cr(VI) reduction by 5PDA/BWO is 70.0 times that of the original BWO, reaching 0.070 min-1. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and Raman analyses confirm the formation of ligand-to-metal charge transfer (LMCT) complex [Bi(III)OC] between PDA and BWO. The formed Bi(III)OC complex enhances visible light response and narrows the bandgap of PDA/BWO. The photoelectrochemical and photoluminescent characterization further reveals that the formed Bi(III)OC complex inhibits the recombination of carriers, thus enhancing the photocatalytic reactivity of PDA/BWO. Electrons, are derived from three paths, including dye sensitization, LMCT and bandgap excitation, contribute to Cr(VI) reduction by PDA/BWO. This study provides new insights on the paths of Cr(VI) reduction by PDA/BWO under visible light.

8.
Phytomedicine ; 100: 154081, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35405615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes have accelerated vascular aging when compared with healthy individuals. Hyperglycemia, especially intermittent high glucose (IHG), is the main cause of vascular endothelial senescence. Capsaicin, a major component of chili pepper is thought to contribute to cardiovascular protection by spicy food. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pathway related with the effects of capsaicin on endothelial cell senescence induced by IHG. METHODS: HUVECs were exposed to IHG (5 mM or 33 mM glucose, alternating every 12 hours for 3 days) and treated with capsaicin at 0.3, 1 and 3 µM. To determine endothelial cell senescence, we examined the senescence-related ß-galactosidase staining, cell cycle arrest, cell viability, as well as production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). To evaluate the involvement of TRPV1/[Ca2+]i/CaMKII/AMPK/SIRT1 pathway in anti- senescence effects of capsaicin, HUVECs were treated with CAPZ (a TRPV1 antagonist), BAPTA-AM (an intracellular calcium chelator), KN62 (a CaMKII antagonist), compound C (an AMPK inhibitor), or EX527 (a SIRT1 inhibitor). To knockdown TRPV1, HUVECs were transfected with shRNA lentivirus targeting TRPV1. The levels of SIRT1, p21, TRPV1, AMPK and phospho-AMPK were evaluated by western blotting. RESULTS: IHG suppressed the levels of SIRT1 and enhanced endothelial senescence. Capsaicin upregulated SIRT1 expression and downregulated the senescence marker, p21, thereby protecting endothelial cells from IHG-induced senescence as indicated by relieved G0/G1 phase arrest, improved cell viabilities, and reduced counts of senescent cells and ROS production. Pre-treatment with CAPZ, BAPTA-AM, KN62 or compound C abrogated the anti-senescence effects of capsaicin. Capsaicin restored AMPK phosphorylation and IHG-inhibited TRPV1 expression. Moreover, TRPV1 silencing suppressed SIRT1 expression and abolished the anti-senescence effects of capsaicin. CONCLUSION: Capsaicin elevates SIRT1 levels through TRPV1/[Ca2+]i/CaMKII/AMPK pathway and suppresses IHG-mediated endothelial cell senescence. This study provides initial evidence that capsaicin is a potential candidate for the prevention of vascular aging in diabetes.


Assuntos
Capsaicina , Sirtuína 1 , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase Tipo 2 Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase Tipo 2 Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina/farmacologia , Capsaicina/farmacologia , Células Cultivadas , Senescência Celular , Glucose/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Canais de Cátion TRPV
9.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 22(1): 130, 2022 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35488196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigated the effects of sufentanil in combination with flurbiprofen axetil and dexmedetomidine for patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) on patients after open gastrointestinal tumor surgery, and compared this combination with traditional PCIA with pure opioids or epidural analgesia (PCEA). METHODS: Patients (n = 640) who underwent open gastrointestinal tumor surgery and received patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) were included. According to the type of PCA, patients were assigned to three groups: MPCIA (PCIA with sufentanil, flurbiprofen axetil, dexmedetomidine and metoclopramide), OPCIA (PCIA with sufentanil, tramadol and metoclopramide) and PCEA group (PCEA with sufentanil and ropivacaine). The characteristics of patients, intraoperative use of analgesics, postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS), postoperative adverse reactions and postoperative recovery were collected. The primary outcome was postoperative VAS score. One-way ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis H test, Fisher exact probability method, and binary logistic regression analysis were used for analysis. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the characteristics of patients, operation time, tumor site and the use of postoperative rescue analgesics among the groups. In the first two days after open gastrointestinal tumor surgery, the VAS (expressed by median and interquartile range) of MPCIA (24th h, resting: 1,1; movement: 3,2. 48th h, resting: 0,1; movement: 2,1.) and PCEA (24th h, resting: 0,1; movement: 2,1. 48th h, resting: 0,1; movement: 2,2.) groups were significantly lower than those of OPCIA group (24th h, resting: 2.5,2; movement: 4,2. 48th h, resting: 1.5,1.75; movement: 3,1.) (all p <  0.01). The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting in MPCIA group was 13.6% on the first day after surgery, which was significantly higher than that in PCEA group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of other postoperative adverse events. Higher intraoperative sufentanil dosage (OR (95%CI) = 1.017 (1.002-1.031), p = 0.021), lower body mass index (OR (95%CI) = 2.081 (1.059-4.089), p = 0.033), and tumor location above duodenum (OR (95%CI) = 2.280 (1.445-3.596), p <  0.001) were associated with poor postoperative analgesia. CONCLUSIONS: The analgesic effects of PCIA with sufentanil in combination with flurbiprofen axetil and dexmedetomidine on postoperative analgesia was better than that of traditional pure opioids PCIA, and similar with that of PCEA.


Assuntos
Dexmedetomidina , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais , Analgésicos , Analgésicos Opioides , Flurbiprofeno/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/cirurgia , Humanos , Metoclopramida , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sufentanil
10.
Mol Plant ; 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35488429

RESUMO

To adjust to changing environments, plants have evolved elaborate regulatory mechanisms balancing their growth with their stress responses. It is currently unknown whether and how the growth-related hormone auxin and stress hormone abscisic acid (ABA) are coordinated in this trade-off. Here, we show that TRYPTOPHAN (Trp) SYNTHASE ß SUBUNIT1 (TSB1) is involved in the coordination of Trp and ABA, thereby affecting plant growth and abiotic stress responses. Plants experiencing high salinity or drought display reduced TSB1 expression, resulting in decreased tryptophan and auxin accumulation, and thus reduced growth. In comparison with the wild type, the amiR-TSB1 lines and TSB1 mutants exhibited repressed growth under non-stress conditions but have enhanced ABA accumulation and stress tolerance when subjected to salt or drought stress. Furthermore, TSB1 interacts with and inhibits ß-GLUCOSIDASE1 (BG1), which hydrolyses glucose-conjugated ABA into active ABA. The mutation of BG1 in the amiR-TSB1 lines compromised their increased ABA accumulation and enhanced stress tolerance. Moreover, stress-induced H2O2 interrupted the interaction between TSB1 and BG1 by sulfenylating cysteine-308 of TSB1, relieving the TSB1-mediated inhibition of BG1 activity. Taken together, we revealed that TSB1 is a key coordinator of plant growth and stress responses through balancing Trp and ABA homeostasis.

11.
Water Environ Res ; 94(4): e10698, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35373412

RESUMO

In this study, two natural clay minerals were combined with hydrogels to study the influence of natural adsorbents on the adsorption performance of hydrogels. Here, we separately doped bentonite and vermiculite and discussed their mechanical properties and adsorption properties. It was found that the compressive performance of the hydrogel added with clay increased by 21.6% and the swelling performance decreased or increased to varying degrees. Regarding the adsorption performance of hydrogels, it can be seen from the adsorption Langmuir isotherm model that the adsorption capacity of clay-hydrogels is improved to varying degrees (6.6%-15.8%) compared with non-clay-hydrogels, and clay-hydrogels have different degrees of improvement (6.6%-15.8%). The hydrogel has a removal efficiency of more than 95% for low concentrations of heavy-metal ions and dyes. In addition, the clay-hydrogel has low cost and is easy to prepare, and can be recycled many times. Therefore, the material is of great significance for the treatment of pollutants. PRACTITIONER POINTS: The effect of natural clay on the adsorption performance of hydrogels was studied. Clay can enhance the compression and adsorption properties of hydrogels. The adsorption mechanism and adsorption capacity of clay hydrogels were evaluated.


Assuntos
Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Argila , Corantes , Hidrogéis , Íons , Têxteis , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(12): e29146, 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35357357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease that is associated with recurrent pregnancy loss. It is still controversial whether the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) in the serum of patients with in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) has a negative effect on the outcomes. In view of the discrepancies, a meta-analysis of the published data was performed to explore the relationship of aPL and IVF-ET outcomes. METHODS: We searched for all published articles indexed in PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library, which were retrieved up to April, 2021. A total of 921 studies were yielded, of which 6 finally met the inclusion criteria. We carried out the meta-analysis by pooling results of these studies with Review Manager 5.3 software. The effect index was measured with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the relative risks (RRs). RESULTS: Six eligible studies were included in this meta-analysis, involving 3214 patients. Our results showed that positive aPL was not associated with decreased clinical pregnancy rate (RR 0.97; 95% CI 0.91-1.04). There was no correlation between positive aPL and increased miscarriage risk (RR 1.22; 95% CI 0.94-1.58). Only 5 of the 6 studies referred to live birth rate, but still no association was found between them (RR 0.95; 95% CI 0.81-1.11). CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that the presence of positive aPL neither decreased clinical pregnancy rate and live birth rate, nor increased miscarriage rate in women undergoing IVF, which is differed from the opinion of clinical practice. More prospective studies with high quality and larger sample size are needed to evaluate the relationship between positive aPL and outcomes of IVF-ET.


Assuntos
Aborto Habitual , Resultado da Gravidez , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Humanos , Nascido Vivo , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Taxa de Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(10): 2238-2246, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35259844

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) from mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have previously been shown to protect against brain injury caused by hypoxia-ischemia (HI). The neuroprotective effects have been found to relate to the anti-inflammatory effects of EVs. However, the underlying mechanisms have not previously been determined. In this study, we induced oxygen-glucose deprivation in BV-2 cells (a microglia cell line), which mimics HI in vitro, and found that treatment with MSCs-EVs increased the cell viability. The treatment was also found to reduce the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, induce the polarization of microglia towards the M2 phenotype, and suppress the phosphorylation of selective signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in the microglia. These results were also obtained in vivo using neonatal mice with induced HI. We investigated the potential role of miR-21a-5p in mediating these effects, as it is the most highly expressed miRNA in MSCs-EVs and interacts with the STAT3 pathway. We found that treatment with MSCs-EVs increased the levels of miR-21a-5p in BV-2 cells, which had been lowered following oxygen-glucose deprivation. When the level of miR-21a-5p in the MSCs-EVs was reduced, the effects on microglial polarization and STAT3 phosphorylation were reduced, for both the in vitro and in vivo HI models. These results indicate that MSCs-EVs attenuate HI brain injury in neonatal mice by shuttling miR-21a-5p, which induces microglial M2 polarization by targeting STAT3.

15.
Transl Pediatr ; 11(2): 174-182, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35282021

RESUMO

Background: At present, temporary pacemaker implantation is very common in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases in adults. However, the number of pediatric pacemakers implanted is still relatively small, and relevant research is also far less than that of adults. This study aimed to explore the application of temporary pacemakers in children with acute and critical cardiovascular diseases. Methods: The clinical data of children with cardiovascular diseases who were treated with temporary pacemakers in Tianjin Children's Hospital from October 2017 to February 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: A total of 13 children with cardiovascular diseases were included in this study, including 4 males and 9 females, mean age of 71.2±56.3 months, and median body weight of 15.5 kg. There were 9 children with endocardial pacing and 4 children with epicardial pacing. The types of diseases included fulminant myocarditis (n=8), complete atrioventricular block (CAVB; n=1), and arrhythmias after open heart surgery (n=4). The median time from onset to admission was 1.0 days in children with endocardial pacing and there was cardiac arrest in 2 children, heart failure in 9 children, cardiogenic shock in 8 children, and Adams-Stokes attack in 7 children. The median time from admission to implantation of temporary pacemakers was 3.0 h and the operation time was 55.0±19.4 min. All 4 children with epicardial pacing had pacemakers implanted during operation because of CAVB. The pacing mode was VVI mode. The initial perceptual voltage was 1-2 mv, the output voltage was 5v, and the pacing frequency was 70-145 bpm. A total of 11 children reverted to sinus rhythm within 5.0 (1.8-34.0) h and the working time of temporary pacemakers was 134.0 (15.0-191.0) h. There was poor pacing in 2 children and catheter displacement in 1 child during pacing. A total of 12 children were followed up for 20.0±12.5 months and 1 was lost to follow-up. During the follow-up period, the cardiac functions were basically normal and no new arrhythmia appeared. Conclusions: Temporary pacemakers have the advantage of simple operation, definite effect, and safety which has a remarkable effect in the treatment of acute and critical cardiovascular diseases in children.

16.
Molecules ; 27(6)2022 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35335290

RESUMO

Herein, a new Zn-MOF material, [Zn(L1)(L2)], 1, was built successfully through a one-pot solvothermal method. The 3D MOF structure was determined by Single X-ray diffraction analysis, IR, and elemental analysis. A series of PXRD tests of 1 after being immersed in different solvents and pH solutions demonstrated the good stability of 1. Interestingly, this material displayed high catalytic activity for the visible-light-driven hydrogen generation under the illumination of white LED in pure water or a mixture of DMF and H2O without additional photosensitizers and cocatalysts. Besides, the studies also showed that the catalytic activity changed constantly as well as the solvent ratio adjustment of DMF and H2O from 4:6 to 2:8. Additionally, the catalytic activity reached the best value (743 µmol g-1 h-1) when the solvent ratio was 4:6. The heterogeneous nature and recyclability of the MOF catalyst, as well as several factors that affect the catalytic activity, were investigated and described in detail. Moreover, the photocatalytic mechanism for the hydrogen generation of 1 was also proposed based on the fluorescence spectra and UV-vis absorption.

17.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 22: 100427, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35308575

RESUMO

Background: Emerging vector-borne pathogens (VBPs) pose a continuous background threat to the global health. Knowledge of the occurrence, distributions and epidemiological characteristics of VBP are lacking in many countries. Outbreaks of novel VBP are of increasing global interest including those arising in China. Methods: A systematic review of published literature was undertaken to characterize the spectrum of VBPs causing human illness in China. We searched five databases for VBP-related articles in English and Chinese published between January 1980 and June 2021, that excluded those listed in the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System of China. The study is registered with PROSPERO, CRD42021259540. Findings: A total of 906 articles meeting the selection criteria were included in this study. A total of 44,809 human infections with 82 species of VBPs including 40 viruses, 33 bacteria (20 Rickettsiales bacteria, eight Spirochaetales bacteria, and five other bacteria) and nine parasites, were identified in China. Rickettsiales bacteria were the most common and widely distributed pathogens with 18,042 cases reported in 33 provinces by 347 reviewed articles, followed by Spirochaetales bacteria with 15,745 cases in 32 provinces (299 articles), viruses with 8455 cases in 30 provinces (139 articles), other bacteria with 2053 cases in 19 provinces (65 articles), parasites with 514 cases in 17 provinces (44 articles), and multiple pathogens with 3626 cases in 14 provinces (23 articles). Coxiella burnetii, Bartonella henselae and Rickettsia sibirica were the most frequently reported pathogens. A total of 18 new pathogens were reported in China during this period (these also represented their first identification globally). Based on 419 articles with clinical information, a meta-analysis revealed that flu-like illness was the most common manifestation among infections with VBPs. Interpretation: This review helps improve the understanding of VBPs in China, demonstrating the need to consider a wider surveillance of VBPs in many different settings, thus helping to inform future research and surveillance efforts. Funding: Natural Science Foundation of China.

18.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 207: 580-591, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35218809

RESUMO

Drug delivery technology can prevent wound infection and inflammatory reactions and accelerate wound healing and quality. In this paper, we propose preparing a multifunctional medical dressing to meet the various needs of people for dressing. A multi-layered composite nanofiber membrane was constructed using silk fibroin as the substrate, and mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) with high adsorption properties were first prepared and then electrosprayed on silk fibroin (SF)/chitosan (CS) microspheres to form MSN-SF/CS microspheres with uniform distribution. Then the MSN-SF/CS microspheres were sprayed on the silk fibroin (SF)/polycaprolactone (PCL)-polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) unidirectional water-conducting composite nanofiber membrane. The test results showed that the encapsulation rate of bovine serum albumin (BSA) by MSN-SF/CS drug-loaded microspheres was 65.53% and the cumulative release rate in vitro was 54.46%. The results of in vitro experiments also showed its good antibacterial effect and good biocompatibility. To eliminate excess wound exudate and reduce inflammation, the cumulative unidirectional transport capacity (AOTC) of 651.75% was achieved by spraying the microspheres on an SF/PCL- PVA unidirectional water conductive composite membrane. This study could stimulate and promote the use of additional wound healing biomaterials in clinical medicine.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Fibroínas , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bandagens , Quitosana/química , Fibroínas/química , Humanos , Microesferas , Poliésteres , Álcool de Polivinil/química , Dióxido de Silício , Seda/química , Água
19.
Dalton Trans ; 51(7): 2923-2931, 2022 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35103730

RESUMO

To realize electrocatalytic water splitting for hydrogen production, the development of efficient and durable anode materials containing earth-abundant elements is of great significance. In this work, we demonstrate a novel heterostructure with easily depositing CeO2 nanoparticles on the surface of the metal-organic framework (MOF)-derived Co0.4Ni1.6P nanowire arrays. Such an interface engineering strategy triggers the formation of abundant oxygen vacancies and provides more electrocatalytically active sites. Besides, the synergistic effect in this composite can regulate the electronic structure, and lead to an enhanced charge-transfer ability. Benefiting from the above superiorities, this heterostructure exhibits remarkable electrocatalytic performance towards the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in 1 M KOH electrolyte, requiring overpotentials (η) of 268 and 343 mV to yield current densities of 10 and 100 mA cm-2, respectively, accompanied by a low Tafel slope of 79.3 mV dec-1. Furthermore, the electrocatalytic performance of this heterostructure for the OER in simulated alkaline seawater (1 M KOH + 0.5 M NaCl) was also studied, and it achieved low η values of 345 and 394 mV to drive 100 and 200 mA cm-2, respectively. This work presents a simple approach to fabricate heterostructural electrocatalysts with CeO2 nanoparticles for high-performance water/seawater electrolysis.

20.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(9): 1991-1997, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35142688

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus is an independent risk factor for ischemic stroke. Both diabetes mellitus and stroke are linked to systemic inflammation that aggravates patient outcomes. Stellate ganglion block can effectively regulate the inflammatory response. Therefore, it is hypothesized that stellate ganglion block could be a potential therapy for ischemic stroke in diabetic subjects. In this study, we induced diabetes mellitus in rats by feeding them a high-fat diet for 4 successive weeks. The left middle cerebral artery was occluded to establish models of ischemic stroke in diabetic rats. Subsequently, we performed left stellate ganglion block with 1% lidocaine using the percutaneous posterior approach 15 minutes before reperfusion and again 20 and 44 hours after reperfusion. Our results showed that stellate ganglion block did not decrease the blood glucose level in diabetic rats with diabetes mellitus but did reduce the cerebral infarct volume and the cerebral water content. It also improved the recovery of neurological function, increased 28-day survival rate, inhibited Toll like receptor 4/nuclear factor kappa B signaling pathway and reduced inflammatory response in the plasma of rats. However, injection of Toll like receptor 4 agonist lipopolysaccharide 5 minutes before stellate ganglion block inhibited the effect of stellate ganglion block, whereas injection of Toll like receptor 4 inhibitor TAK242 had no such effect. We also found that stellate ganglion block performed at night had no positive effect on diabetic ischemic stroke. These findings suggest that stellate ganglion block is a potential therapy for diabetic ischemic stroke and that it may be mediated through the Toll like receptor 4/nuclear factor kappa B signaling pathway. We also found that the therapeutic effect of stellate ganglion block is affected by circadian rhythm.

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