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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 252: 112637, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004631

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common disease in hospitalized patients, especially in critically ill patients. It is characterised with high morbidity and mortality, and is also an important cause of chronic kidney disease and chronic renal failure. Astragalus propinquus Schischkin and Panax notoginseng (A&P) compound, a famous traditional Chinese medicine, consists of Astragalus propinquus Schischkin, Panax notoginseng, Angelica sinensis, Achyranthes bidentata, and Ecklonia kurome, has been widely used for the treatment of various kidney diseases in the southwest of China. However, the effects of A&P on treatment of AKI and its underlying mechanism are needed to be uncovered. AIM OF THE STUDY: Recent researches reported that Mincle (Macrophage-inducible C-type lectin) plays a key role in renal injury of AKI by regulating the expression and secretion of inflammatory cytokines on macrophage through modulating NF-κB signaling pathway. Here, we aimed to investigate the renoprotective effect of A&P on AKI and whether by inhibiting Mincle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We established a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced Bone Marrow-Derived Macrophage (BMDM) inflammatory cell model and a cisplatin-induced mouse AKI model in vitro and in vivo. Renal histopathology staining was performed to observe kidney morphology. The expression and secretion of inflammatory cytokines were detected by real-time PCR and Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Western blotting was used to detect the protein levels and Flow cytometry performed to detect polarization of macrophage. RESULTS: The results showed that A&P significantly reduced the mRNA expression of IL-1ß, IL-6, TNFα and MCP-1 in LPS-stimulated BMDM cells, and secretion of IL-1ß and IL-6 in supernatant. The same results were found in Cisplatin-induced AKI kidney and serum after treatment with A&P. The data also showed that A&P strongly reduced the mRNA and protein levels of Mincle in vitro and vivo, and also inhibited the activation of Syk and NF-κB. Notably, A&P down-regulated the M1 macrophage marker iNOS, which may relate to the inhibition of Mincle. Interestingly, both overexpression of Mincle by transfection of pcDNA3.1-Mincle plasmid and administration of TDB (a ligand of Mincle) can significantly abolished the A&P-inhibited inflammation in BMDM, suggesting Mincle pathway play a key role in macrophage inflammation in AKI. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that A&P protected kidney from inhibiting inflammation through down-regulating of Mincle pathway in macrophage in AKI. It provides a potential medicine compound for the treatment of AKI.

2.
Pathol Res Pract ; : 152852, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057515

RESUMO

Lung cancer remains the most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Despite effective chemotherapy and molecular-based therapies, the median and overall survival remains poor. Immune checkpoint inhibitors have changed the treatment landscape for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by inhibiting negative T cell regulators, including programmed death 1 (PD-1, CD279) and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1, also known as B-H1, CD274) inhibitors. Nonetheless, most patients do not respond to these inhibitors. Recently, PD-L1 expression has been demonstrated to influence the anti-tumor efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors. However, the mechanisms of PD-L1 regulation are not clearly understood. This review thus aims to summarize the current knowledge and recent developments in the regulatory mechanisms of PD-L1 expression levels and attempts to clarify its latent function in anti-tumor activity, with the goal of guiding better designs for future NSCLC immunotherapies.

3.
Arch Virol ; 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048042

RESUMO

Sapoviruses (SAVs), including several genogroups (GI to GV), are one of the causes of acute gastroenteritis (AGE). In this study, viral metagenomics revealed the presence of sapoviruses of different genogroups in stool from children with AGE. Eight different complete SAV genomes were determined, of which five belonged to GI and the other three belonged to GII, GIV and GV, respectively. Although they were highly similar to published sequences, the GIV and GV were the first complete genome sequences of these SAVs found in China. In a prevalence investigation, 19% of subjects with AGE were positive for SAVs, while none of the control group was positive.

4.
Radiother Oncol ; 145: 101-108, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To evaluate the prognostic value of MRI-detected residual retropharyngeal lymph node (RRLN) at three months after intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and second, to establish a nomogram for the pretherapy prediction of RRLN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 1103 patients with NPC from two hospitals (Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center [SYSUCC, n = 901] and Dongguan People's Hospital [DGPH, n = 202]). We evaluated the prognostic value of RRLN using Cox regression model in SYSUCC cohort. We developed a nomogram for the pretherapy prediction of RRLN using logistic regression model in SYSUCC training cohort (n = 645). We assessed the performance of this nomogram in an internal validation cohort (SYSUCC validation cohort, n = 256) and an external independent cohort (DGPH validation cohort, n = 202). RESULTS: RRLN was an independent prognostic factor for OS (HR 2.08, 95% CI 1.32-3.29), DFS (HR 2.45, 95% CI 1.75-3.42), DMFS (HR 3.31, 95% CI 2.15-5.09), and LRRFS (HR 3.04, 95% CI 1.70-5.42). We developed a nomogram based on baseline Epstein-Barr virus DNA level and three RLN status-related features (including minimum axial diameter, extracapsular nodal spread, and laterality) that predicted an individual's risk of RRLN. Our nomogram showed good discrimination in the training cohort (C-index = 0.763). The favorable performance of this nomogram was confirmed in the internal and external validation cohorts. CONCLUSION: MRI-detected RRLN at three months after IMRT was an unfavorable prognostic factor for patients with NPC. We developed and validated an easy-to-use nomogram for the pretherapy prediction of RRLN.

5.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 1-7, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961257

RESUMO

The use of inorganic copper in feed is hazardous. As probiotics of animals, Candida utilis can absorb copper ions and transform them to organic copper. This study aimed to domesticate the ability of C. utilis (CICC 32211) to absorb and transform copper ions. So, C. utilis (CICC 32211) was cultured in media with different concentrations of copper ions for 24, 48 and 72 h to identify the optimum copper ion concentration. C. utilis (CICC 32211) strains were domesticated for three generations, then the absorption and distribution of copper ions in the yeast cells were studied. We found that the optimum concentration of copper ions was 110 µg/mL. After 48 h, the number of yeast cells was low, but copper ion absorption efficiency was maximized (43.83%). Most of the enriched copper ions were distributed in the yeast cell wall (up to 30.58% when grown in the medium with 110 µg/mL copper ions), while the intracellular copper ion content was low (2.095%). High concentrations of copper ions affected the morphological structure, element content and distribution of yeast cells.

6.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e920248, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Cervical cancer is a major threat to female health worldwide. This study was performed to study the anticancer potential of sclareol and as a chemo-sensitizing agent against human cervical cancer cells along with evaluating its effects on apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and MAPK/ERK signaling pathway. MATERIAL AND METHODS MTT assay was performed to check cell viability, morphological changes were observed through phase-contrast microscopy, DAPI (4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole) staining and TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labelling) assays were performed to evaluate apoptotic effects; MMP (matrix metalloproteinase) and cell cycle analysis were examined through flow cytometry. Western blotting analysis was performed to check the protein expressions of MAPK/ERK signaling pathway and apoptosis proteins. RESULTS Results depicted that both sclareol and cisplatin induced cytotoxic effects individually but when used in combination, it led to much more pronounced cytotoxic effects indicating a synergistic effect of sclareol on cisplatin. Sclareol treatment led to significant decrease in the levels of p-MEK and p-ERK. Significant morphological changes (including chromatin condensation, nuclear fragmentation) in cervical cancer cells were seen after treatment. Western blot showed significant alterations including increase in BAX and decrease in BCL-2 levels. An increase in the S-phase cells, indicating cell cycle arrest at S-phase was seen along with modulating the expressions of CDK-1and Cdc25C, and increase in the levels of p-CDK-1, cyclin-B1, cyclin-A, and p-Cdc25C. CONCLUSIONS Sclareol not only induced cytotoxic effects but also enhanced chemosensitivity of human cervical cancer cells towards cisplatin and these effects are mediated via MAPK/ERK signaling pathway, stimulation of apoptosis and S-phase cell cycle arrest.

7.
Pharm Biol ; 58(1): 131-137, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967911

RESUMO

Context: Carbonized ginger, a type of charry herb, has been used as a hemostatic medicine since ancient times. However, there are some serious problems such as inhomogeneous heating and emitting smoke during processing with traditional stir-frying method.Objective: To investigate the feasibility to obtain carbonized ginger by stir-frying with sand instead of stir-frying method.Materials and methods: Dried-ginger (100 g) was processed by stir-frying for 30 min at 270 ± 10 °C, or by stir-frying with sand (1:10, w/w) for 8 min at 240 ± 5 °C. The HPLC fingerprint was established for two samples. The adsorption capacity and major components including tannins, gingerols, shogaols and gingerone were quantitated by UV and HPLC, respectively. The hemostatic effect by prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) was evaluated in vitro.Results: The similarity of the two samples for HPLC fingerprints was >0.93. The sand-fried samples showed significantly higher adsorption capacity compared with the stir-fried samples (4.915 vs. 4.593 mg/g; p < 0.05) and higher contents of major components (4.698 vs. 3.930 mg/g, 1.352 vs. 1.144 mg/g, 2.419 vs. 2.095 mg/g, 0.666 vs. 0.568 mg/g and 1.083 vs. 0.911 mg/g for tannins, gingerone, 6-shogaol, 8-shogaol and 10-shogaol, respectively; p < 0.05); while no significant differences were seen for 6-gingerol, 8-gingerol and 10-gingerol (p > 0.05). The PT and APTT values were similar between the stir-fried and sand-fried test groups and significantly lower compared to controls (p < 0.05).Conclusions: The carbonizing process by stir-frying with sand is superior to the stir-frying method for carbonized ginger.

8.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(2): 342-352, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929761

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the third leading malignancy engendering mortality among men globally. The present study aimed at determining the expression of hepatocellular carcinoma-related protein-1 (HCRP-1) in PCa, to explore its potential role in prostate tumorigenesis in vitro and in vivo. We evaluated HCRP-1 protein with immunohistochemistry (IHC) technology and found HCRP-1 expression was significantly low in PCa tissues (PCTs); In addition, the decreased HCRP-1 was significantly associated with TNM (tumor node metastasis) stage, advanced histology grade and gleason score. Transwell, tube formation, Western blot and co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) assays were utilized to determine the role of down-regulating HCRP-1 in PCa cell migration, invasion and angiogenesis. Meanwhile, we found HCRP-1 depletion induced Src and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) phosphorylation, which could be reversed by Src inhibitor PP2 or FAK inhibitor. Furthermore, down-regulated HCRP-1 evidently induced lung metastasis of PCa cells in xenograft mode. Taken together, our study indicates HCRP-1 plays an important role in PCa metastasis. HCRP-1 may serve as a potential therapeutic target for PCa.

9.
Cancer Med ; 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31975560

RESUMO

Previous studies have demonstrated the role of abnormal alternative splicing (AS) in tumor progression. This study examines the prognostic index (PI) of alternative splices (ASs) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The clinical features and splicing events of patients with HCC were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Differentially expressed AS (DEAS) were compared between HCC and adjacent normal samples. Univariate Cox regression analysis was used to determine changes in DEAS associated with overall survival (OS). A PI was generated from OS-associated DEASs using Kaplan-Meier curves, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, multivariate Cox regression, and cluster analysis. Then, the correlation between DEASs and splicing factors was assessed, followed by functional and pathway enrichment analysis. We identified 34 163 ASs of 8985 genes in HCC, and 153 OS-ASs were identified using univariate Cox regression analysis. Low- and high-PI groups were determined based on the median "PI-ALL" value according to significantly different survival (P = 2.2e - 16). The ROC curve of all PI (PI-ALL) had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.993 for survival status in patients with HCC. A potential regulatory network associated with prognosis of patients with HCC was established. Enrichment analysis also resulted in the identification of several pathways potentially associated with carcinogenesis and progression of HCC. Four clusters were identified that were associated with clinical features and prognosis. Our study generated comprehensive profiles of ASs in HCC. The interaction network and functional connections were used to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of AS in HCC.

10.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 122: 109775, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918291

RESUMO

Arterial thrombosis (AT) causes various ischemia-related diseases, which impose a serious medical burden worldwide. As an inhibitor of myosin II, blebbistatin has an important role in thrombosis development. We investigated the effect of blebbistatin on carotid artery ligation (CAL)-induced carotid AT and its potential underlying mechanism. A model of carotid AT in mice was generated by CAL. Mice were divided into three groups: CAL model, blebbistatin-treated, and sham-operation. After 7 days, blood vessels were harvested from mice in each group. The procoagulant activity of tissue factor (TF) was tested by a chromogenic assay, and thrombus severity assessed by histopathology scores. Expression of non-muscle myosin heavy chain II A (NMMHCIIA), TF, glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK3ß), and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) was detected by immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence staining. mRNA expression was measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Blebbistatin (1 mg/kg) inhibited development of carotid AT, reduced infiltration of inflammatory cells, and prevented vascular-tissue damage, relative to the model group. Furthermore, blebbistatin also reduced the procoagulant activity of TF. Immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence data demonstrated that, compared with the model group, blebbistatin intervention reduced expression of NMMHCIIA, TF, GSK3ß, p65, and p-p65 in carotid-artery endothelia in the CAL-induced AT model, but it increased levels of p-GSK3ß. Blebbistatin could inhibit expression of NMMHCIIA mRNA in the CAL model. Overall, our data demonstrated that blebbistatin could inhibit TF expression and AT development in arterial endothelia (at least in part) via GSK3ß/NF-κB signaling.

11.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(1): 137-152, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813004

RESUMO

With the advancement of imaging technology, systemic disease control rate and survival rate, the morbidity of brain metastases (BMs) from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been riding on a steady upward trend (40%), but management of BMs from NSCLC remains obscure. Systemic therapy is anticipated to offer novel therapeutic avenues in the management of NSCLC BMs, and radiotherapy (RT) and immunotherapy have their own advantages. Recently, it was confirmed that immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) and RT could mutually promote the efficacy in the treatment of BMs from NSCLC. In this paper, we provide a review on current understandings and practices of separating or combining ICIs and RT, which could provide a reference for the coming laboratory and clinical studies and contribute to the development of new approaches in NSCLC BMs.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Antígeno CTLA-4/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno CTLA-4/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Quimiorradioterapia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(3): 2303-2317, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642123

RESUMO

Plenty of evidence has suggested that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a vital role in competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks. Poorly differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma (PDHCC) is a malignant phenotype. This paper aimed to explore the effect and the underlying regulatory mechanism of lncRNAs on PDHCC as a kind of ceRNA. Additionally, prognosis prediction was assessed. A total of 943 messenger RNAs (mRNAs), 86 miRNAs, and 468 lncRNAs that were differentially expressed between 137 PDHCCs and 235 well-differentiated HCCs were identified. Thereafter, a ceRNA network related to the dysregulated lncRNAs was established according to bioinformatic analysis and included 29 lncRNAs, 9 miRNAs, and 96 mRNAs. RNA-related overall survival (OS) curves were determined using the Kaplan-Meier method. The lncRNA ARHGEF7-AS2 was markedly correlated with OS in HCC (P = .041). Moreover, Cox regression analysis revealed that patients with low ARHGEF7-AS2 expression were associated with notably shorter survival time (P = .038). In addition, the area under the curve values of the lncRNA signature for 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival were 0.806, 0.741, and 0.701, respectively. Furthermore, a lncRNA nomogram was established, and the C-index of the internal validation was 0.717. In vitro experiments were performed to demonstrate that silencing ARHGEF7-AS2 expression significantly promoted HCC cell proliferation and migration. Taken together, our findings shed more light on the ceRNA network related to lncRNAs in PDHCC, and ARHGEF7-AS2 may be used as an independent biomarker to predict the prognosis of HCC.

13.
Environ Res ; 180: 108865, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703976

RESUMO

Resin 201*7 was used to extract and remove vanadium from vanadium waste liquid (VWL). More than 99% of vanadium was adsorbed from the VWL under the condition of resin dosage of 1.6 g/L, pH value of 6.0-8.0, temperature of 40 °C and adsorption time of 20 min. More than 99% of vanadium could be separated from other impurity ions in the VWL. The pure resin 201*7 and loaded resin were analyzed by infrared spectroscopy. The result shows that the resin 201*7 could selectively adsorb vanadium from the VWL. The adsorption process was analyzed with adsorption kinetics and adsorption isotherm curve. The adsorption process was more fitted with pseudo-second adsorption kinetic model and the adsorption isotherm was according to Langmuir isotherm model, respectively.

14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793561

RESUMO

The recent demonstration of isolated attosecond pulses from an X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) opens the possibility for probing ultrafast electron dynamics at X-ray wavelengths. An established experimental method for probing ultrafast dynamics is X-ray transient absorption spectroscopy, where the X-ray absorption spectrum is measured by scanning the central photon energy and recording the resultant photoproducts. The spectral bandwidth inherent to attosecond pulses is wide compared to the resonant features typically probed, which generally precludes the application of this technique in the attosecond regime. In this paper we propose and demonstrate a new technique to conduct transient absorption spectroscopy with broad bandwidth attosecond pulses with the aid of ghost imaging, recovering sub-bandwidth resolution in photoproduct-based absorption measurements.

15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(51): 48363-48369, 2019 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794183

RESUMO

Chiral covalent organic frameworks (CCOFs), built by the condensation reactions of organic building blocks with enantiomeric purity and linking subunits, have emerged as a marvelous category of porous crystalline material. In addition to stability and good porosity, CCOFs possess remarkable enantioselectivity, which would be exploited for asymmetric catalysis and chiral separation. ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) and its derivatives, a group of supramolecules with a hydrophobic cavity, have been widely applied to molecular specific recognitions. In this work, the ß-CD covalent organic framework (COF) was exploited to construct chiral stationary phase (CSP) for chiral drugs analysis for the first time. We fabricated ß-CD COF via the condensation reaction of heptakis(6-amino-6-deoxy)-ß-CD and terephthalaldehyde at room temperature. ß-CD COF-modified capillary columns were subsequently prepared by a photopolymerization method with shortened time and applied for separation of chiral drugs on capillary electrochromatography with good resolution and repeatability. Baseline separation for six enantiomers was achieved and the precisions (relative standard deviations) for intraday, interday, and column-to-column were <2.1%, 4.5%, and 7.3%, respectively. The results reveal that CCOFs-coated capillary columns show great prospect for chromatographic separation of chiral drugs.

16.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 11(11): 983-997, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31798779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus, together with hepatitis C virus, has been recognized as the leading causes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been suggested in increasing studies to be the potential prognostic factors for HCC. However, the role of combined application of lncRNAs in estimating overall survival (OS) for hepatitis virus positive HCC (VHCC) is uncertain. AIM: To construct an lncRNA signature related to the OS of VHCC patients to enhance the accuracy of prognosis prediction. METHODS: The expression patterns of lncRNAs, as well as related clinical data were collected from 149 VHCC patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. The R package was adopted to obtain the differentially expressed lncRNAs (DElncRNAs). LncRNAs significantly associated with OS were screened by means of univariate Cox regression analysis, so as to construct a least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) model. Subsequently, the constructed lncRNA signature was developed and validated. Afterwards, the prognostic nomogram was established, which combined the as-established lncRNA signature as well as the clinical features. Meanwhile, subgroup analysis stratified by the virus type was also performed. Finally, the above-mentioned lncRNAs were enriched to corresponding pathways according to the markedly co-expressed genes. RESULTS: A total of 1420 DElncRNAs were identified, among which 406 were significant in univariate Cox regression analysis. LASSO regression confirmed 8 out of the 406 lncRNAs, including AC005722.2, AC107959.3, AL353803.1, AL589182.1, AP000844.2, AP002478.1, FLJ36000, and NPSR1-AS1. Then, the prognostic risk score was calculated. Our results displayed a significant association between the risk model and the OS of VHCC [hazard ratio = 1.94, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.61-2.34, log-rank P = 2e-10]. The inference tree suggested that the established lncRNA signature was useful in the risk stratification of VHCC. Furthermore, a nomogram was plotted, and the concordance index of internal validation was 0.763 (95%CI: 0.700-0.826). Moreover, the subgroup analysis regarding etiology confirmed this risk model. In addition, the Wnt signaling pathway, angiogenesis, the p53 pathway, and the PI3 kinase pathway were the remarkably enriched pathways. CONCLUSION: An eight-lncRNA signature has been established to predict the prognosis for VHCC, which contributes to providing a novel foundation for the targeted therapy of VHCC.

17.
Sci Prog ; : 36850419881106, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829890

RESUMO

In drilling and completion operations, a packer is a downhole tool to seal the annular space between various sizes of string and borehole. As a key component of packer, slip plays a role of fixed support in the process of setting, thus ensuring a long-term stable sealing of the packer. Aiming at the problem of damage caused by casing pressure on the slip after setting, based on the stress analysis of slip during setting, the slip material with hardness lower than casing was selected, and its finite element analysis model was established. Then, the pressure-bearing law of the slip teeth under three tooth parameters was analyzed. The results of analysis were as follows. With the increase of the number of slips or the distance between teeth or tooth top angle, the strain of slips decreased, but the bending moment of slips increased. At the same time, orthogonal test method was used to optimize the parameters of the slips. The conclusion is that the tooth top angle is 90 degrees, the distance between teeth is 6 mm and the number of teeth is 16, which is the best combination of compressive effect. It will provide a reference for improving the long-term effectiveness of the packer seal in drilling and completion engineering.

18.
Cancer Med ; 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31834990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the prognostic value of early radiological response (ERR) to first-line platinum-containing chemotherapy in patients with metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (mNPC), as well as its correlation with the best radiological response (BRR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 756 mNPC patients with measurable lesions who received first-line platinum-containing chemotherapy were enrolled in this study. ERR was defined as complete or partial response after 6 weeks of chemotherapy according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1. We performed survival analyses according to the radiological response after repeated chemotherapy. Log-rank test and Cox regression were used to analyze the survival data. RESULTS: About 470 patients achieved ERR and 78 patients achieved subsequent response (objective response after repeated chemotherapy). ERR patients had better OS (P < .001, median OS: 34.3 vs 22.2 months) and PFS (P < .001, median PFS: 10.2 vs 7.4 months) than non-ERR ones. ERR (OS: HR = 0.591, 95% CI, 0.495-0.705, P < .001, PFS: HR = 0.586, 95% CI, 0.500-0.686, P < .001) was independently prolonged survival compared with non-ERR ones. Besides, ERR was significantly correlated with the BRR (Kappa: 0.73; Pearson: 0.74, P < .001), and had significantly longer OS and PFS than patients with subsequent response, respectively. CONCLUSION: ERR is an independent prognostic factor in determining survival in mNPC patients received first-line platinum-containing chemotherapy, which may be a more sensitive predictor to assess overall efficacy of systemic treatment than BRR in mNPC. Prospective validation studies are needed.

19.
J Sep Sci ; 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845470

RESUMO

An on-line system for preliminary screening lipase inhibitors from natural products with an immobilized lipase microreactor coupled to capillary electrophoresis was established. In this research, the lipase was anchored on the amino activated capillary inner wall using glutaraldehyde as a homobifunctional linker through Schiff base reaction. The immobilized lipase activity was evaluated by measuring the peak area of the hydrolyzate of p-nitrophenyl acetate. In order to maintain the enzymatic activity of immobilized lipase, the acetonitrile content and the pH of the reaction solution were also optimized. Under the optimized reaction conditions, the Michaelis-Menten constant of the immobilized lipase and the half maximal inhibitory concentration for orlistat were studied, which were consistent with previous literature data. Furthermore, the developed method was applied to screen lipase inhibition activity from ten natural products. As a result, we found that six natural products have inhibitory effect on the activity of lipase, among which the inhibitory effect of Rhizoma atractylodis extract has never been reported before.

20.
Neurol India ; 67(6): 1482-1490, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857541

RESUMO

Background: Cell therapy using stem cells is promising for stroke patients; however, stem cell therapy faces many problems. RMNE6 cells, a new stem cell line, are superior to other stem cell lines. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) appear to be a promising candidate for stroke patients. In the current study, we determined the therapeutic effects of RMNE6 cells on a middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of rats and identified the differences between RMNE6 cells and MSCs with respect to therapeutic effects. Material and Methods: RMNE6 and Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-labeled MSCs were transplanted into the ischemic brains of MCAO rats. The behavior of rats was examined using the rotarod test with neuroradiologic assessment using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Four weeks after cell transplantation, the rats were investigated by immunofluorescence staining to explore the fates of the graft cells. Result: After transplantation, RMNE6 cells and MSCs survived and migrated toward the injured area without differentiation. There was tumorigenesis in the brains transplanted with RMNE6 cells. Cell transplantation had no effects on the size of the ischemic volume. The behavior of the model animals showed no significant improvement. Conclusion: MSCs are still the preferred cells for cell replacement in stroke therapy, while RMNE6 cells need to be modified.

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