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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1685-1696, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492331

RESUMO

The process in which the nanofiber membrane is used to remove heavy metal ions and separation of oil-water solution is analyzed. Herein, smooth structures are induced by rGO-g-PAO sheets, which could be attributed to the strong interaction between P(AN-MA) and rGO-g-PAO. It is rewarding to note that the P(AN-MA)/rGO-g-PAO nanofiber membrane would exhibit superhydrophilic traits in the air and ultra-low oil-adhesive traits underwater when the concentration of P(AN-MA) and PAO is 13 wt.% and 0.3 wt.%, respectively. The amidoxime (-C(NH2) NOH) groups on the membrane surface can efficiently adsorb copper (Cu(II)) (1.65 mmol/g) and chromium (Cr(VI)) (4.70 mmol/g) ions in the waste water. Meanwhile, the P(AN-MA)/rGO-g-PAO nanofiber membrane exhibits ultrahigh flux (~6150 LMH), satisfying rejection rate (~97%) and outstanding flux recovery ratio (~99%) in separating oil water emulsion.

2.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 25: 513-525, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585900

RESUMO

Merlin ((Moesin-ezrin-radixin-like protein, also known as schwannomin) is a tumor suppressor protein which is encoded by the neurofibromatosis type 2 gene, NF2. Loss of function mutations or deletions in NF2 which normally restrains tumor growth, leads to the formation of multiple tumors including schwannoma, meningioma and ependymoma. We tested whether NF2/Merlin is expressed and exerts similar control on proliferation of colorectal cancer cells and modulates the rate of their apoptosis. Expression of NF2/Merlin was reduced in colorectal cancer cells as compared with adjacent non-cancerous cells. Overexpression of NF2 inhibited colony formation by tumor cells and inhibited proliferation of cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. The rate of apoptosis was also increased in colorectal cancer cells by overexpression of NF2. These findings show that NF2/Merlin is also reduced in tumors that do not arise in the context of neurofibromatosis and that induction of its expression might be used to control tumor growth.

3.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 25: 536-548, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585902

RESUMO

Hyperhomocysteinemia induces stress response in endoplasmic reticulum (ERS). Here, we tested whether blockage of homocysteine (Hcy) induced ERS and subsequent apoptosis in vascular smooth muscle cells can be inhibited by  blockage of PERK/eIF2α/ATF4/CHOP signaling. Short-term exposure of vascular smooth muscle cells to Hcy led to the phosphorylation of PERK (pPERK), which in turn, phosphorylated eIF2 alpha (peIF2a) and inhibited the unfolded protein response. Long-term Hcy exposure, however, increased the expression of ATF-4 and CHOP and led to apoptosis. Treatment of cells with salubrinal, a specific inhibitor for eIF2a decreased the expression of ATF-4 and CHOP, and prevented apoptosis. Together, the results show that PERK pathway is involved in Hcy-induced vascular smooth muscle cell apoptosis and that blocking the PERK pathway protects against this injury.

4.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lonicera japonica Thunb is a common herb in East Asia. The flower buds are usually regarded as the traditional medicinal part, while leaves and stems are considered less valuable and receive little attention. This study compared the chemical constituents and anti-inflammatory effects of the different tissues of Lonicera japonica Thunb for the first time. RESULTS: Thirty compounds were identified by UPLC-PDA-Q/TOF-MS/MS analysis. Hydroxycinnamic acids, flavonoids and iridoids were identified as the major components. The flower buds (FLJ), leaves (LLJ) and stems (SLJ) of Lonicera japonica Thunb showed great similarities in chemical components. Therein, LLJ contained higher level of hydroxycinnamic acids and flavonoids than FLJ and SLJ. Furthermore, FLJ, LLJ and SLJ exhibited potent anti-inflammatory activities in croton oil induced ear edema and carrageenan-induced paw edema essay in mice. Moreover, FLJ, LLJ and SLJ showed cytoprotective effect on LPS stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. LPS-induced increases of nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were suppressed by treatments of FLJ, LLJ and SLJ, respectively. LLJ possessed stronger anti-inflammatory effect than FLJ. CONCLUSION: Leaves and stems of Lonicera japonica Thunb have chemical components and anti-inflammatory properties similar to flower buds, and may become alternative or supplementary sources of flower buds. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Cancer Biol Ther ; : 1-8, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597506

RESUMO

People who suffers renal angiomyolipoma (AML) has a low quality of life. It is widely known that genetic factors including TSC2 mutation contribute to certain populations of renal AML-bearing patients. In this study, we are the first to identify novel TSC2 mutations in one Chinese renal epithelioid AML patient: c.2652C>A; c.2688G>A based on sequencing result from biopsy tissue. These two somatic mutations cause a translational stop of TSC2, which leads to mTORC1 activation. Given the fact that activation of mTORC1 ensures cell growth and survival, we applied its inhibitor, FDA-approved everolimus, to this woman. After months of treatment with everolimus, Computer-Tomography (CT) scan results showed that everolimus successfully reduced tumor growth and distal metastasis and achieved partial response (PR) to everolimu according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST version 1.1). Further Blood Routine Examination results showed the concentration of red cell mass, hemoglobin, white blood cell (WBC), platelets and hematocrit (HCT) significantly returned to normal levels indicating patients with these two TSC2 mutations could be effectively treated by everolimus.

6.
J Food Biochem ; : e13067, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599006

RESUMO

Nf-E2-related transcription factor 2 (Nrf2) helps cells fight oxidative stress events in vivo and in vitro by promoting the expression of antioxidants and detoxification enzymes. The necessary factors regulating Nrf2 activity and stability during analgesic nephropathy are not fully understood. Our results suggest that acetaminophen produces nephrotoxicity in HK-2 cells by inhibiting keap1 degradation. APAP subsided Nrf2 nuclear accumulation by inhibition of keap1 degradation, thereby reducing the binding of Nrf2 to ARE, leading to the loss of expression of antioxidant proteins such as HO-1, inducing a series of oxidative stress and apoptosis events. Therefore, Nrf2/keap1/HO-1 signal transduction pathway has a poor prognosis during analgesic nephrotoxicity. Sika deer antler protein (SDAPR) significantly prevented APAP-induced HK-2 cell damage by constitutively stabilized Nrf2 nuclear retention. Excess APAP leads to a decrease in Nrf2 nuclear translocation, leading to severe oxidative stress, increasing the levels of GSH and MDA in HK-2 cells, and reducing the enzyme activities of SOD and CAT in HK-2 cells. Increased biomarker levels of acute kidney injury (AKI) in HK-2 cells, including kidney injury molecule-1, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin and cystatin C, decrease the mitochondrial membrane potential in HK-2 cells, and cause mitochondrial dysfunction, it also reduced the ratio of mitochondria-associated apoptotic protein Bax/Bcl-2, leading to cell apoptosis. SDAPR dose dependently accorded protection against acetaminophen-induced nephrotoxicity, oxidative damage, and cell apoptosis by its molecular intervention with Nrf2/keap1/HO-1 pathway via keap1 degradation. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: In this paper, we investigated the protective effect of SDAPR on APAP-induced AKI in HK-2 cells, and briefly explained its possible mechanism of action, providing a basis for future clinical trials and the development of anti-APAP AKI drugs.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17222, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593079

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Radical cystectomy and urinary diversion remains the definite management for muscle invasive bladder urothelial cancer. Internal herniation caused by ureteral adhesion is an extremely rare complication after the procedure. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of small bowel obstruction and internal herniation occurring between bilateral ureters and urinary diversion after robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC). PATIENT CONCERNS: A 64-year-old woman presented with symptom of small bowel obstruction such as nausea, vomiting, and abdominal fullness after RARC and Indiana pouch. Another 61-year-old man presented with left obstructive hydronephrosis and recurrent pyelonephritis after RARC and ileal conduit. DIAGNOSIS: Both patients received computed tomography scans and the results were suggestive of small bowel herniation between bilateral ureters and urinary diversion. INTERVENTIONS: The 2 patients underwent open ureterolysis and internal hernia reduction. During the operation, bowel loop herniation between the interureteral spaces were found. OUTCOMES: Both patients recovered smoothly after second operation. LESSONS: The incidence of internal herniation may increase by the growing use of RARC. Suitable stoma position, appropriate length of ureter dissection, and retroperitonealization can help prevent this complication.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17455, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593102

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Behçet disease (BD) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by oral aphthosis, genital aphthosis, ocular lesions, and arthritis. However, other fatal complications are often misdiagnosed, which implies that the early diagnosis of the disease is important for a good prognosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 51-year-old man complained of hematemesis for 5 hours and syncope once. DIAGNOSIS: BD as demonstrated by esophageal ulcer and aortic aneurysm rupture. INTERVENTIONS: Surgeries were conducted to repair the thoracic aortic aneurysm, proton-pump inhibitor was used to reduce acid secretion, antibiotics were applied for anti-infective therapy, and immunosuppressor was administered to control the injuries of BD. OUTCOMES: The patient was discharged and his medication dosage was reduced gradually until the minimum maintenance dose. In the follow-ups, the gastric ulcer and vascular aneurysm were not found. CONCLUSION: We presented a rare case of BD with the concurrence of huge esophageal ulcer and thoracic aortic aneurysms rupture, which helped us to diagnose BD at the early stage, while confronting atypical manifestations.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564506

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence indicates that Six2 contributes to tumorigenesis in various tumor including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to determine the role of Six2 in HCC and to elucidate the association of Six2 with clinical pathological characteristics. METHODS: The expressions of Six2 in HCC tumor, para-tumor tissue and portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) were detected by tissue microarray technique, immunohistochemistry, real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting. Chi-square and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to analyze the correlation between Six2 expression and prognosis of HCC patients. Lentivirus mediated Six2 knockdown, spheroid formation assay, proliferation assay and subcutaneous tumor implantation were performed to determine the function of Six2. RESULTS: In 274 HCC samples, Six2 was strongly expressed. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that high expression of Six2 was correlated with a shorter overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Moreover, Six2 expression was associated with sex, alpha-fetoprotein, tumor size and portal vein invasion. Six2 was highly expressed in PVTT. Six2 knockdown inhibited HCC cell lines proliferation, migration, and self-renewal in vitro and in vivo. In addition, low-expression of Six2 weakened TGF-ß induced Smad4 activation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition in HCC cell lines. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated Six2 expression in HCC tumor patients was associated with negative prognosis. Upregulated Six2 promoted tumor growth and facilitated HCC metastasis via TGF-ß/Smad signal pathway.

10.
Dis Markers ; 2019: 2724948, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565097

RESUMO

Background: Colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) is a homodimeric glycoprotein. The main role of CSF-1 is as a hematopoietic growth factor that modulates proliferation, differentiation, and survival of macrophages. Moreover, CSF-1 has also been reported to be aberrantly expressed in several human cancers. However, the precise role of CSF-1 in upper tract urothelial carcinomas (UTUC) has not been studied. In this research, we examined the clinical significance of CSF-1 expression in UTUC. Materials and Methods: One hundred twelve cancer tissue samples of UTUC from patients were included in this study, and the other cohort of 35 UTUC were paired cancer-adjacent normal samples. CSF-1 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry, and the association of CSF-1 expression with different clinicopathological variables was analyzed. Results: CSF-1 expression was higher in UTUC than in the normal urothelium (P = 0.005). The CSF-1 expression was primarily localized in the nucleus and was significantly correlated with tumor size (P = 0.04) and patients who had a high stage (P < 0.001), distant metastasis (P = 0.006), recurrence (P = 0.003), and cancer death (P = 0.005). High CSF-1 expression was correlated with poor disease-free survival (P = 0.008) and cancer-specific survival (P = 0.001). Our results also used univariate and multivariable analyses, which found that high CSF-1 expression was an independent predictor of poor disease-free survival (hazard ratio = 2.56; P = 0.007) and cancer-specific survival (hazard ratio = 5.14; P = 0.022). Conclusions: Our findings indicate that the expression of CSF-1 is a potential prognostic marker for predicting patient survival and recurrence in UTUC.

11.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-5, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565970

RESUMO

A new prenylated coumarin (1) and a new anthranilamide derivative (2) were isolated from the aerial parts of Evodia lepta. Compound 2 represents the first anthranilamide derivative from the Evodia genus. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data analysis (MS, UV, IR, and NMR). Compound 1 exhibited certain inhibition on nitric oxide (NO) production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in RAW264.7 macrophages with an IC50 value of 37.96 ± 1.7 µM.

12.
Theranostics ; 9(22): 6396-6411, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588225

RESUMO

Effective therapeutic targets against post-myocardial infarction (MI) arrhythmias remain to be discovered. We aimed to investigate the role of macrophages in post-MI arrhythmias. Methods: Mononuclear cell accumulation, macrophage polarization from M0 to M1 subset, and gap junction formation were analyzed in MI patients and MI mice by flow cytometry, immunofluorescence and patch clamping. Differentially expressed genes were identified by RNA sequencing. Macrophages and cardiomyocytes were cocultured in vitro, and the effects of gap junction and KCa3.1 on electrophysiological properties were assessed by patch clamping. The effects of KCa3.1 inhibition on post-MI arrhythmias were assessed by intracardiac stimulation and ambulatory electrocardiograms in vivo. Results: Percentage of pro-inflammatory mononuclear cells were significantly elevated in patients with post-MI arrhythmias compared with MI patients without arrhythmias and healthy controls (p<0.001). Macrophages formed gap junction with cardiomyocytes in MI border zones of MI patient and mice, and pro-inflammatory macrophages were significantly increased 3 days post-MI (p<0.001). RNA sequencing identified Kcnn4 as the most differentially expressed gene encoding ion channel, and the upregulation is mainly attributed to macrophage accumulation and polarization into pro-inflammatory subset. In vitro coculture experiments demonstrated that connection with M0 macrophages via gap junction slightly shortened the action potential durations (APDs) of cardiomyocytes. However, the APD90 of cardiomyocytes connected with M1 macrophages were significantly prolonged (p<0.001), which were effectively attenuated by gap junction inhibition (p=0.002), KCa3.1 inhibition (p=0.008), KCa3.1 silencing (p<0.001) and store-operated Ca2+ channel inhibition (p=0.005). In vivo results demonstrated that KCa3.1 inhibition significantly decreased the QTc durations (p=0.031), intracardiac stimulation-induced ventricular arrhythmia durations (p=0.050) and incidence of premature ventricular contractions (p=0.030) in MI mice. Conclusion: Macrophage polarization leads to APD heterogeneity and post-MI arrhythmias via gap junction and KCa3.1 activation. The results provide evidences of a novel mechanism of post-MI heterogeneous repolarization and arrhythmias, rendering macrophages and KCa3.1 to be potential therapeutic targets.

13.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-22, 2019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588870

RESUMO

Owing to its negative regulatory role in insulin signaling, protein tyrosine phosphatase of leukocyte antigen-related protein (PTP-LAR) was widely thought as potential drug target for diabetes. Now it was urgent to search for potential LAR inhibitors targeting diabetes. Initially, the pharmacophore models of LAR inhibitors were established with the application of the Hypogen module. The cost analysis, test set validation, as well as Fischer's test was used to verify the efficiency of pharmacophore model. Then the best pharmacophore model (Hypo-1-LAR) was applied for the virtual screening of the ZINC database. And 30 compounds met the Lipinski's rule of five. Among them, 10 compounds with better binding affinity than the known LAR inhibitor (BDBM50296375) were discovered by docking studies. Finally, molecular dynamics simulations and post-analysis experiments (RMSD, RMSF, PCA, DCCM and RIN) were conducted to explore the effect of ligands (ZINC97018474 and Compound 1) on LAR and preliminary understand why ZINC97018474 had better inhibitory activity than Compound 1 (BDBM50296375). Abbreviation: PTP-LAR, protein tyrosine phosphatase of leukocyte antigen-related protein; DS, Discovery Studio; RMSF, root mean square fluctuations; HBD, hydrogen bond doners; QSAR, quantitative structure-activity relationship; HBA, hydrogen bond acceptors; NI, negative ionizable; HYP, hydrophobe area; MM/GBSA, molecular Mechanics combined with generalized Born and surface area solvation; RMSD, root mean squared deviation; PME, particle mesh Ewald; SPC, single-point charge; DCCM, dynamic cross-correlation mapping; RIN, residue interaction network; PCA, principal component analysis; VDW, van der Waals.

14.
Acta Crystallogr D Struct Biol ; 75(Pt 10): 861-877, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588918

RESUMO

Diffraction (X-ray, neutron and electron) and electron cryo-microscopy are powerful methods to determine three-dimensional macromolecular structures, which are required to understand biological processes and to develop new therapeutics against diseases. The overall structure-solution workflow is similar for these techniques, but nuances exist because the properties of the reduced experimental data are different. Software tools for structure determination should therefore be tailored for each method. Phenix is a comprehensive software package for macromolecular structure determination that handles data from any of these techniques. Tasks performed with Phenix include data-quality assessment, map improvement, model building, the validation/rebuilding/refinement cycle and deposition. Each tool caters to the type of experimental data. The design of Phenix emphasizes the automation of procedures, where possible, to minimize repetitive and time-consuming manual tasks, while default parameters are chosen to encourage best practice. A graphical user interface provides access to many command-line features of Phenix and streamlines the transition between programs, project tracking and re-running of previous tasks.

15.
Cancer Res ; 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575549

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Cytological examination is the current "gold standard" for lung cancer diagnosis, however this has low sensitivity. Here, we identified a typical methylation signature of histone genes in lung cancer by whole-genome DNA methylation analysis, which was validated by a TCGA lung cancer cohort (n=907) and was further confirmed in 265 bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) samples with specificity and sensitivity of 96.7% and 87.0%, respectively. More importantly, HIST1H4F was universally hypermethylated in all seventeen tumor types from TCGA datasets (n=7344), which was further validated in nine different types of cancer (n=243). These results demonstrate that HIST1H4F can function as a Universal-Cancer-Only Methylation (UCOM) marker, which may aid in understanding general tumorigenesis and improve screening for early cancer diagnosis.

16.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(36): 5483-5493, 2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a very malignant tumor in the world. CARMA3 plays an oncogenic role in the pathogenesis of various tumors. However, the function of CARMA3 in HCC has not been fully clarified. AIM: To study the biological function of CAEMA3 in HCC. METHODS: Tissue microarray slides including tissues form 100 HCC patients were applied to access the expression of CARMA3 in HCC and its clinical relevance. Knockdown and overexpression of CARMA3 were conducted with plasmid transfection. MTT, colony formation, and apoptosis assays were performed to check the biological activity of cells. RESULTS: Higher expression of CARMA3 in HCC was relevant to poor prognostic survival (P < 0.05). Down-regulation of CARMA3 inhibited proliferation and colony formation and induced apoptosis in HCC cell lines, while increasing its expression promoted tumorigenesis. We also found that sodium aescinate (SA), a natural herb extract, exerted anti-proliferation effects in HCC cells by suppressing the CARMA3/nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) pathway. CONCLUSION: Overexpression of CARMA3 in HCC tissues correlates with a poor prognosis in HCC patients. CARMA3 acts pro-tumorigenic effects partly through activation of CARMA3/NF-κB. SA inhibits HCC growth by targeting CARMA3/NF-κB.

17.
Oncogene ; 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576011

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17133, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety between early preoperative administration and postoperative administration of oral meloxicam in patients underwent arthroscopic knee surgery (AKS). METHODS: Totally 296 patients with the intention to undergo AKS were recruited and randomly allocated as 1:1 ratio into early preoperative analgesia (EPA) group and postoperative analgesia (POA) group. Pain visual analog scale (VAS) score and severity (at rest and at flexion), patient global assessment (PGA) score, the consumption of rescue analgesia (pethidine), and adverse events were evaluated during the perioperation. And knee range of motion (ROM), International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, and Lysholm score were assessed at baseline and at 3 months after AKS. RESULTS: Both pain VAS score and severity (at rest and at flexion) were decreased at 4, 8, and 12 hours, but similar at -24, -2, 24, 36, and 48 hours after AKS in EPA group compared with POA group. Besides, PGA score was lower at 4, 8, 12, and 24 hours, but similar at -24, -2, 36, and 48 hours after AKS in EPA group compared with POA group. As to the consumption of pethidine in perioperative period, it was decreased in EPA group compared with POA group. No difference was observed in knee ROM, IKDC score, Lysholm score, and adverse effects between EPA group and POA group. CONCLUSION: Early preoperative administration of meloxicam was a superior approach in pain control compared with postoperative administration in treating patients underwent AKS.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17276, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common form of kidney cancer in adults, and patients with advanced ccRCC have a 5-year survival rate of <30%. The poor prognosis of ccRCC is closely related to its lacking of potential therapeutic and prognostic biomarkers. This meta-analysis aimed to elucidate the precise prognostic value of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in patients with ccRCC. METHODS: A literature search was performed in related databases up to January 31, 2019. Hazard ratios (HRs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to explore the relationship between special lncRNAs expression and survival in patients with ccRCC. RESULTS: After literature researching, a total of 16 studies, including 13 lncRNAs were identified. The data from studies that investigated the association between lncRNA expression and survival outcomes in patients with ccRCC were extracted. Results revealed that lncRNAs expression was significantly associated with poor overall survival (OS) outcome in patients with ccRCC (HR = 1.71, 95%CI = 1.40-2.01 in up-regulated subgroup; HR = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.25-0.80 in down-regulated subgroup). The overexpression of PVT1 was significantly associated with poor OS in ccRCC (HR = 1.51, 95% CI = 1.02-2.00). Meanwhile, up-regulation of LUCAT1 was significantly related to worse OS in ccRCC patients (HR = 1.51, 95% CI = 1.01-2.00). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that lncRNAs could be used to predict unfavorable prognosis and function as potential prognostic biomarkers in ccRCC.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17441, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577766

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Although metastatic tumor is the most common intraocular malignancy, choroidal metastasis from gastric cancer is relatively rare. We present the exact course of a spontaneous rupture of the eyeball with choroidal metastasis from gastric carcinoma (GC) and the applied surgical interventions. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 59-year-old male presented with pain and vision loss on his left eye for 6 months. He was diagnosed with GC, for which he received systemic chemotherapy for a year. DIAGNOSES: Preoperative B-scan, color fundus photography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging showed a choroidal tumor in his left eye. The spontaneous rupture of the corneoscleral limbus from 2 to 5 o'clock, combined secondary glaucoma, exudative retinal detachment and choroidal detachment were found. INTERVENTIONS: The ruptured corneoscleral limbus was sutured and the orbit was lavaged with 0.4% cisplatin during the enucleation. OUTCOMES: Histopathology confirmed high homology of the choroidal metastasis and GC. He survived for 2 months after surgery, without pain or orbital neoplasms. LESSONS: Choroidal metastasis from GC rapidly progressed to spontaneous rupture of the eyeball. Careful eyeball enucleation followed by orbital lavage with chemotherapeutics may reduce metastasis risk beyond the eyeball. Additional therapeutic interventions should be considered in patients resistant to single systemic chemotherapy.

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