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1.
Front Vet Sci ; 8: 726328, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746277

RESUMO

Endometritis is a disease that affects reproductive health in dairy cows and causes serious economic damage to the dairy industry world-wide. Although in recent years, the application of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy for the treatment of inflammatory diseases has attracted much attention, there are few reports of the use of MSCs in dairy cows. In the present study, our objective was to explore the inhibitory effects of bovine adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (bAD-MSCs) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced inflammation in bovine endometrial epithelial cells (bEECs) along with the potential underlying molecular mechanisms. We characterized isolated bAD-MSCs using cell surface marker staining and adipogenic/osteogenic differentiation, and analyzed them using immunofluorescence, flow cytometry (surface marker staining), and adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation. Furthermore, to understand the anti-inflammatory effects of bAD-MSCs on LPS induced bEEC inflammation, we used a bAD-MSC/bEEC co-culture system. The results showed that bAD-MSC treatments could significantly decrease LPS induced bEEC apoptosis and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression levels, such as interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). Furthermore, our results showed that bAD-MSC treatments could also significantly downregulate LPS induced p38, IkB-a, and JAK1 phosphorylation and Bax protein expression levels, which are closely related to inflammatory progress and cellular apoptosis in bEECs. Our findings demonstrate that bAD-MSCs play an inhibitory role in LPS induced bEEC inflammation and provide new insights for the clinical therapy of endometritis in dairy cows.

2.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(10): 2357-2366, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33869614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal immunoglobulin G (IgG) deposits (PGNMID) is a newly recognized rare disease. The renal pathology is characterized by prominent manifestations of membranous hyperplasia, which are easy to misdiagnose. The clinical symptoms are severe. Massive proteinuria and hypoproteinemia are conspicuous, and most patients are accompanied by renal insufficiency and microscopic hematuria. CASE SUMMARY: A 27-year-old woman was admitted to a hospital for macroscopic hematuria and proteinuria 4 years prior, and renal biopsy in the hospital suggested moderate-to-severe mesangial proliferating glomerulonephritis (MsPGN). She had taken a glucocorticoid, cyclophosphamide, mycophenolate mofetil, and other treatments and achieved brief partial remission. Recently, the patient visited our hospital due to massive proteinuria. Repeated renal biopsy and re-evaluation of the first biopsy obtained 4 years previously revealed monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition in the glomeruli. A bone marrow examination was performed to exclude hematologic malignancy, and a diagnosis of PGNMID was established. The patient showed remission after four cycles of a bortezomib + cyclophosphamide + dexamethasone scheme. CONCLUSION: PGNMID is usually misdiagnosed as MsPGN or membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. Although it often occurs in middle-aged and elderly individuals, it cannot be readily excluded in young people, even when serum immunofixation electrophoresis is negative. IgG subtype and light chain staining are necessary when this disease is highly suspected. An accurate diagnosis at the earliest stage may avoid the overuse of glucocorticoids and immunosuppressants.

3.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(3): 707-713, 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33553412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV) are classically thought to cause renal impairment and small vessel vasculitis with different pathophysiologies. Their overlap constitutes a rare rheumatologic disease. To date, only dozens of such cases with biopsy-proven glomerulonephritis have been reported worldwide typically in women of childbearing age. Here, we present a unique clinical case due to its rarity and individualized treatment of a Chinese man in his eighth decade of life. CASE SUMMARY: A 77-year-old man was admitted to several hospitals for shortness of breath and received nonspecific treatments over the past 3 years. As his symptoms were not completely relieved, he visited our hospital for further treatment. Laboratory examinations revealed kidney dysfunction, severe anaemia, hypocom-plementemia, glomerular proteinuria, and microscopic haematuria. Antinuclear antibodies, as well as anti-dsDNA antibodies, were positive. Computed tomography of the chest showed right pleural effusion. Renal biopsy was performed, and histology suggested crescentic glomerulonephritis, pauci-immune type. After treatment with plasmapheresis, glucocorticoid, and cyclo-phosphamide, the disease was in remission, and the patient remained in a stable condition for over 3 years post-hospital discharge. CONCLUSION: Due to its complexity and rarity, SLE and AAV overlap syndrome is easily misdiagnosed. An accurate diagnosis and treatment at the earliest stage may significantly improve the condition and reduce irreversible organ injury.

4.
In Vivo ; 35(1): 249-257, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Curcumin is a polyphenol that exerts a variety of pharmacological activities and plays an anti-cancer role in many cancer cells. It was recently reported that gasdermin E (GSDME) is involved in the progression of pyroptosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HepG2 cells were treated with various concentrations of curcumin and cell viability was examined using MTT assay, apoptosis was analysed using flow cytometry, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels using dihydroethidium, LDH release using an LDH cytotoxicity assay, and protein expression using western blot. RESULTS: Curcumin increased the expression of the GSDME N-terminus and proteins involved in pyrolysis, promoted HspG2 cell pyrolysis and increased intracellular ROS levels. Moreover, inhibition of the production of intracellular ROS with n-acetylcysteine (NAC) improved the degree of apoptosis and pyrolysis induced by curcumin. CONCLUSION: Curcumin induces HspG2 cell death by increasing apoptosis and pyroptosis, and ROS play a key role in this process. This study improves our understanding of the potential anti-cancer properties of curcumin in liver cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Curcumina , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Apoptose , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Curcumina/farmacologia , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Piroptose , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
5.
Exp Ther Med ; 20(5): 82, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32968439

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to verify the pro-apoptotic anticancer potential of several 5,8-dimethoxy-1,4-phthoquinone (DMNQ) derivatives in Ras-mediated tumorigenesis. MTT assays were used to detect cellular viability and flow cytometry was performed to assess intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and apoptosis. The expression levels of proteins were detected via western blotting. Among the 12 newly synthesized DMNQ derivatives, 2-benzylthio-5,8-dimethoxynaphthalene-1,4-dione (BZNQ; component #1) significantly reduced cell viability both in mouse NIH3T3 embryonic fibroblasts cells (NC) and H-RasG12V transfected mouse NIH3T3 embryonic fibroblasts cells (NR). Moreover, BZNQ resulted in increased cytotoxic sensitivity in Ras-mutant transfected cells. Furthermore, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in H-RasG12V transfected HepG2 liver cancer cells (HR) were significantly higher compared with the levels in HepG2 liver cancer cells (HC) following BZNQ treatment, which further resulted in increased cellular apoptosis. Eliminating cellular ROS using an ROS scavenger N-acetyl-L-cysteine markedly reversed BZNQ-induced cellular ROS accumulation and cell apoptosis in HC and HR cells. Western blotting results revealed that BZNQ significantly downregulated H-Ras protein expression and inhibited the Ras-mediated downstream signaling pathways such as protein kinase B, extracellular signal-related kinase and glycogen synthase kinase phosphorylation and ß-catenin protein expression. These results indicated that the novel DMNQ derivative BZNQ may be a therapeutic drug for Ras-mediated liver tumorigenesis. The results of the current study suggest that BZNQ exerts its effect by downregulating H-Ras protein expression and Ras-mediated signaling pathways.

6.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 529(3): 635-641, 2020 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736685

RESUMO

Keratinocyte hyperproliferation is an essential link in skin cancer pathogenesis. Peroxiredoxin I (Prx I) is known to regulate cancer cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis, but its role in skin cancer remains unclear. This study aimed to elucidate the role and mechanism of Prx I in skin cancer pathogenesis. Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) and 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) were used to create a skin tumor model of the initiation/promotion stage of cancer. The role of Prx I in H2O2-induced keratinocyte apoptosis was also investigated. After DMBA/TPA treatment, Prx I deficiency was significantly associated with less skin tumors, lower Bcl-2 expression, and higher p-p38 and cleaved caspase-3 expressions in Prx I knockout tumors than in wild-type controls. H2O2 stimulation caused more cellular apoptosis in Prx I knockdown HaCaT cells than in normal HaCaT cells. The signaling study revealed that Bcl-2, p-p38, and cleaved caspase-3 expressions were consistent with the results in the tumors. In conclusion, the deletion of Prx I triggered the DMBA/TPA-induced skin tumor formation in vivo and in vitro by regulating the reactive oxygen species (ROS)-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. These findings provide a theoretical basis for treating skin cancer.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Peroxirredoxinas/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Queratinócitos/citologia , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos da Linhagem 129 , Camundongos Knockout , Oxidantes/farmacologia , Peroxirredoxinas/deficiência , Interferência de RNA , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias Cutâneas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
7.
Anticancer Res ; 40(8): 4491-4504, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peroxiredoxin II (PRDX2) performs unique roles in cells. It can reduce peroxides through cysteine residues, and helps prevent the effects of oxidative stress on cells. It is closely related to the occurrence and development of various diseases, especially alcoholic liver injury and even liver cancer. The metabolism of alcohol in hepatocytes leads to the increase in the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), oxidative stress, injury, and apoptosis. Therefore, this study focused on the investigating the protection conferred by PRDX2 against alcohol-induced apoptosis of hepatocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PRDX2 inhibition of alcohol-induced apoptosis in L02 hepatocytes was analyzed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry, western blotting and hematoxylin and eosin staining. RESULTS: The results showed that the levels of reactive oxygen species, protein kinase B, ß-catenin, B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL2), BCL-XL, BCL2-associated X, cleaved caspase-3, and cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase in PRDX2-silenced cells were increased significantly after the treatment of cells with ethanol. Similar results were obtained in an in vivo Prdx2-knockout mouse model of alcoholic liver injury. Therefore, PRDX2 may regulate the phosphorylation of the AKT signal protein by eliminating reactive oxygen species from cells, and it inhibits the downstream mitochondria-dependent apoptosis pathway, and, thereby, the apoptosis of cells. CONCLUSION: Thus, PRDX2 may be a potential molecular target for the prevention and treatment of alcoholic liver injury.


Assuntos
Etanol/efeitos adversos , Hepatócitos/citologia , Peroxirredoxinas/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inativação Gênica , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , beta Catenina/metabolismo
8.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(2): 404-409, 2020 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Goodpasture syndrome (GS) is a rare disease, the morbidity of which is estimated to be 0.5-0.8 per million per year. Hemorrhage is the most serious complication in renal biopsy. Despite the fact that both GS and hemorrhage after renal biopsy are rare, it has not been reported that they are likely to occur in the same patient. CASE SUMMARY: A 30-year-old man with diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage and rapid progressive renal function caused by anti-glomerular basement membrane disease presented atypical symptoms without hemoptysis, accompanied by life-threatening hypoxemia. Plasmapheresis was performed, and glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide were administered. The patient started to show signs of improvement. Percutaneous renal biopsy is an appropriate diagnostic measure that is commonly safe, but this patient experienced hemorrhage after operation, thus necessitating embolization of the renal artery to stop the bleeding. The patient's condition was improved, and the serum anti-glomerular basement membrane antibody level was 106 AU/mL (normal range: < 24 AU/mL) and slowly decreased. His discharge medications were oral daily prednisone (30 mg) and continued maintenance hemodialysis. CONCLUSION: GS is a rare organ-specific autoimmune disease that is invariably ubiquitous in the lung and kidney areas. Renal biopsy is the appropriate procedure for the treatment of GS disease, although it is an invasive measure.

9.
J Int Med Res ; 45(5): 1528-1534, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28760086

RESUMO

Objective The optimal plate for fixation of tarsometatarsal joint injuries is controversial. The objective of this study was to compare the biomechanical characteristics between a locking plate and 1/4 tubular plate for first tarsometatarsal joint fracture-dislocation. Method Finite element analysis was used after establishment of a first tarsometatarsal joint fracture-dislocation model. Two implant simulations using a locking plate and five-hole 1/4 tubular plate were designed to simulate fixation of the fracture-dislocation. The displacement of the first tarsometatarsal articular surface and the stress distribution in the implants were calculated. Results A 700-N load was applied to both models. The minimum displacement of the articular surface in the locking plate and 1/4 tubular plate model was 0.6471 mm and 0.3833 mm, respectively. The maximum principal stress in the locking plate and 1/4 tubular plate was 1.212 × 103 MPa and 1.107 × 103 MPa, respectively. Conclusion Use of a 1/4 tubular plate is recommended for fixation of first tarsometatarsal joint fracture-dislocation after consideration of other factors such as economical issues.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Fratura-Luxação/cirurgia , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Articulação Metatarsofalângica/cirurgia , Adulto , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Mecânico
10.
J Int Med Res ; 45(3): 1200-1207, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28534698

RESUMO

Objective This study was performed to investigate the effect of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on healing in osteoporotic fractures via a phospholipase C (PLC)-independent pathway and explore the mechanism of PTH-mediated bone formation. Methods Ninety-six 12-week-old C57BL/6J female mice underwent bilateral ovariectomy. One month later, the lower third of the femur was fractured and the mice were treated using saline, PTH(1-28), PTH(1-34), zoledronic acid (ZA), PTH(1-28)+ZA, and PTH(1-34)+ZA. The mice were killed at weeks 2 and 4 in each group. Biomechanical testing and micro-computed tomography were performed. Results The formation and strength of the callus increased in all but the saline group. The mice treated with PTH(1-34) showed a significantly higher ultimate bending force, bending rigidity, bone mineral density, percent bone volume, and trabecular thickness than those treated with PTH(1-28). The PTH(1-34)+ZA group demonstrated the greatest improvements in the ultimate bending force, bending rigidity, bone mineral density, and relative bone volume. Conclusions PTH can promote fracture healing and callus hardness in ovariectomized mice by increasing callus formation and reconstructing trabecular bone via a PLC-independent pathway. PTH combined with ZA has a cumulative effect on the healing of fractures in ovariectomized mice.


Assuntos
Consolidação da Fratura/efeitos dos fármacos , Hormônio Paratireóideo/farmacologia , Fosfolipases Tipo C/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microtomografia por Raio-X
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 87(32): 2235-7, 2007 Aug 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18001539

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the nephrotoxicity induced by first oral administration of tacrolimus (FK506) and the prevention of diltiazem (Dil). METHODS: 24 Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomly divided into 4 equal groups: control (n = 6), cyclosporine A (CsA) group (receiving CsA 25 mg.kg(-1).d(-1) so as to develop CsA-induced nephropathy model), FK506 group (receiving FK506 0.8 mg.kg(-1).d(-1), the common renal transplantation therapeutic dose, so as to develop FK506-induced nephropathy model), FK506 + Dil group (receiving CsA 0.8 mg.kg(-1).d(-1) and Dil 8 mg.kg(-1).d(-1)), and control group. Four weeks later body weight was measured, blood samples were collected to examine the creatinine, urea nitrogen, and uric acid, and urine samples were collected to examine the 24 h urine protein, uric acid, and creatinine. Then the rats were killed with their kidneys taken out to undergo histopathological examination. RESULTS: The urine creatinine levels of the CsA and FK506 groups were significantly lower than that of the control group (both P < 0.05), however, there was no significant difference in urine creatinine between the FK506 + Dil group and control group. The blood creatinine levels of both CsA and FK506 groups were significantly higher than those of the FK506 + Dil group and control group (all P < 0.05), however, there was no significant difference in blood creatinine between the FK506 + Dil group and control group. The urea nitrogen level of the CsA group was significantly higher than those of the other 3 groups (all P < 0.05). The creatinine clearance rates of the CsA and FK506 groups were both significantly lower than that of the control group (both P < 0.05), and the creatinine clearance rate of the FK506 + Dil group was between those of the FK506 group and control group, however, with significant differences with both of them. Histopathology examination showed cloudy swelling and vacuolization of the renal tubular epithelial cells in the CsA and FK506 groups. However, the pathological changes of the FK506 + Dil group were remarkably milder in comparison with these 2 groups. CONCLUSION: FK506 and CsA at the renal transplantation therapeutic dose induce nephrotoxicity. Diltiazem prevents FK506-induced nephrotoxicity.


Assuntos
Diltiazem/uso terapêutico , Nefropatias/prevenção & controle , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Tacrolimo/toxicidade , Animais , Creatina/sangue , Creatina/urina , Ciclosporina/toxicidade , Diltiazem/administração & dosagem , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Rim/patologia , Nefropatias/induzido quimicamente , Transplante de Rim , Masculino , Período Pós-Operatório , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
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