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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129738

RESUMO

A lactic acid bacterial strain, HBUAS57009T, isolated from traditionally fermented food (Zha-Chili) in China, was characterized to clarify its taxonomic status using a polyphasic approach. Strain HBUAS57009T was phylogenetically closely related to Lactobacillus koreensis DCY50T, Lactobacillus fujinensis 218-6T, Lactobacillus mulengensis 112-3T, Lactobacillus cerevisiae TUM BP 140423000-2250T, Lactobacillus tongjiangensis 218-10T and Lactobacillus yonginensis THK-V8T with sequence similarities of 98.6-99.3 %. The genome-to-genome distance and average nucleotide identity values between the genomes of strain HBUAS57009T and type strains of closely related Lactobacillus species were less than 32.0 and 86.0 %, respectively; this is below the threshold for species boundaries. The major cellular fatty acids (>10 %) were C16 : 0, C18 : 1 ω9c and iso-C19 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain HBUAS57009T was 47.8 mol%. Examination of the functional categories of the genome revealed that strain HBUAS57009T could perform both homolactic and heterolactic fermentation processes to produce lactic acid via complete glycolysis and the pentose phosphate pathway. The putative biosynthesis pathway of butane-2,3-diol and acetoin, two important flavour compounds in the food industry, were identified using kegg mapper analysis. Based on its genotypic and phenotypic features, strain HBUAS57009T (=GDMCC 1.1664T=KACC 21424T) is designated as the type strain of a novel species, for which the name Lactobacillus enshiensis sp. nov. is proposed.

2.
J Anim Sci ; 98(2)2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017844

RESUMO

Fermented concentrated feed has been widely recognized as an ideal feed in the animal industry. In this study, we used a powerful method, coupling propidium monoazide (PMA) pretreatment with single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing technology to compare the bacterial and fungal composition of feeds before and after fermentation with four added lactic acid bacteria (LAB) inoculants (one Lactobacillus casei strain and three L. plantarum strains). Five feed samples consisting of corn, soybean meal, and wheat bran were fermented with LAB additives for 3 d. Following anaerobic fermentation, the pH rapidly decreased, and the mean numbers of LAB increased from 106 to 109 colony-forming units (cfu)/g fresh matter. SMRT sequencing results showed that the abundance and diversity of bacteria and fungi in the feed were significantly higher before fermentation than after fermentation. Fifteen bacterial species and eight fungal genera were significantly altered following fermentation, and L. plantarum was the dominant species (relative abundance 88.94%) in the post-fermentation group. PMA treatment revealed that the bacteria Bacillus cereus, B. circulans, Alkaliphilus oremlandii, Cronobacter sakazakii, Paenibacillus barcinonensis, and P. amylolyticus (relative abundance >1%) were viable in the raw feed. After fermentation, their relative abundances decreased sharply to <0.2%; however, viable L. plantarum was still the dominant species post fermentation. We inferred that our LAB additives grew rapidly and inhibited harmful microorganisms and further improved feed quality. In addition, coupling PMA treatment with the Pacific Biosciences SMRT sequencing technology was a powerful tool for providing accurate live microbiota profiling data in this study.

3.
Bioresour Technol ; 297: 122456, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786033

RESUMO

The addition of exogenous microorganisms is one approach with potential that may also overcome the problem in northern China of slow composting in autumn and winter due to low environmental temperatures. This study investigated the use of supplements of Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum), strains P-8 and LP-10, on the efficiency of sheep manure composting and the quality of the final product. The composting process lasted eight weeks and, during this time, changes in multiple physical-chemical parameters and the compost microbiome were monitored. Microbiota-encoded functions, community structure and physical-chemical parameters were distinct between the two groups. 'Composting microbiota maturation index' was proposed to quantitatively compare the impact of maturation on composting microecology. The rapid improvement in composting rate (4 weeks) and quality of the final product suggest that this approach could provide both technological and economic benefits. This work reveals the tremendous potential of L. plantarum as a promoter in composting.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Lactobacillus plantarum , Animais , China , Esterco , Ovinos , Solo
4.
Chemistry ; 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638288

RESUMO

A series of donor-acceptor-donor triazine-based molecules with thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) properties were synthesized to obtain highly efficient blue-emitting OLEDs with non-doped emitting layers (EMLs). The targeted molecules use a triazine core as the electron acceptor, and a benzene ring as the conjugated linker with different electron donors to alternate the energy level of the HOMO to further tune the emission color. The introduction of long alkyl chains on the triazine core inhibits the unwanted intermolecular D-D/A-A-type π-π interactions, resulting in the intermolecular D-A charge transfer. The weak aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ) effect caused by the suppressed intermolecular D-D/A-A-type π-π interaction further enhances the emission. The crowded molecular structure allows the electron donor and acceptor to be nearly orthogonal, thereby reducing the energy gap between triplet and singlet excited states (ΔEST ). As a result, blue-emitting devices with TH-2DMAC and TH-2DPAC non-doped EMLs showed satisfactory efficiencies of 12.8 % and 15.8 %, respectively, which is one of the highest external quantum efficiency (EQEs) reported for blue TADF emitters (λpeak <475 nm), demonstrating that our tailored molecular designs are promising strategies to endow OLEDs with excellent electroluminescent performances.

5.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 602, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331270

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As an important nosocomial pathogen, Enterococcus faecium has received increasing attention in recent years. However, a large number of studies have focused on the hospital-associated isolates and ignored isolates originated from the natural environments. RESULTS: In this study, comparative genomic analysis was conducted on 161 isolates originated from human, animal, and naturally fermented dairy products. The results showed that the environment played an important role in shaping the genomes of Enterococcus faecium. The isolates from human had the largest average genome size, while the isolates from dairy products had the smallest average genome size and fewest antibiotic resistance genes. A phylogenetic tree was reconstructed based on the genomes of these isolates, which revealed new insights into the phylogenetic relationships among the dairy isolates and those from hospitals, communities, and animals. Furthermore, 202 environment-specific genes were identified, including 136 dairy-specific, 31 human blood-specific, and 35 human gastrointestinal-specific genes. Interestingly, five dairy-specific genes (namely lacF, lacA/B, lacD, lacG, and lacC) that constituted an integrated lactose metabolism pathway existed in almost all dairy isolates. The pathway conservation demonstrated an active role of the environment in shaping the genomes of Enterococcus faecium. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that the Enterococcus faecium species has great genomic plasticity and high versatility to occupy broad ecological roles, dwelling as non-harmful dairy and animal gut commensals as well as significant nosocomial pathogens that disseminate antibiotic resistance genes.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Enterococcus faecium/genética , Enterococcus faecium/fisiologia , Meio Ambiente , Genômica , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Enterococcus faecium/efeitos dos fármacos , Genes Bacterianos/genética , Filogenia , Fatores de Virulência/genética
6.
J Hazard Mater ; 379: 120695, 2019 11 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279310

RESUMO

This study focused on investigating reactor performance, simultaneous methanogeneis and denitrifiction (SMD) process for treatment of a sulfate plus organic sulfur - rich 3,4,5-Triethoxybenzaldehyde (TMBA) manufacturing wastewater with variable COD/TSO42- (total sulfate) ratio by micro-electric field- zero-valent-iron (ZVI) UASB for 390 days. The initial COD/TSO42- was set as 1.42, 0.9 and 0.5, respectively by manually introducing sulfate. The experimental results indicated that micro-electric field- zero-valent-iron UASB was an attractive integrated option for satisfactory COD removal, nitrate reduction and a reasonable methane yield rate even at COD/TSO42- as low as 0.9. Further declining the COD/TSO42- to 0.5 can result in a moderate inhibition of SMD process. The behavior of organic S release was not inhibited over the entire experimental period. Thus, surprisingly, sulfate concentration in the effluent was always higher than that in the influent. In comparison with sludge sample at Day-1, sludge at Day-390 was characterized with high abundant Tissierella Soehngenia, Anaerolinaceae and Brevundimonas diminuta, which played critical role in promising performance in COD abatement. The relatively low abundance of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) such as Desulfobulbus and Desulfomicrobium can explain the lower sulfate reduction efficiency in term of high concentration of sulfate plus released from organic S-rich compounds.

7.
Eur J Nutr ; 2019 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31123864

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Human colon inflammation is associated with changes in the diverse and abundant microorganisms in the gut. As important beneficial microbes, Lactobacillus contributes to the immune responses and intestinal integrity that may alleviate experimental colitis. However, the mechanisms underlying probiotic benefits have not been fully elucidated. METHODS: Dextran sodium sulfate or rapamycin-challenged mice were used as model for colon inflammation evaluation. Histological scores of the colon, levels of colonic myeloperoxidase, serum tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 were assessed as inflammatory markers and the gut microbiota profiles of each mouse were studied. RESULTS: We found that Lactobacillus casei Zhang (LCZ) can prevent experimental colitis and rapamycin-induced inflammation in intestinal mucosa by improving histological scores, decreasing host inflammatory cytokines, modulating gut-dominated bacteria, enhancing cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) expression and downregulating the expression of p-STAT3 (phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) or Akt/NF-κB (AKT serine/threonine kinase and nuclear factor kappa B). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that LCZ may provide effective prevention against colitis.

8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(8): 2196-2201, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30900972

RESUMO

Strain HBUAS52074T is a Gram-positive staining, aerobic bacterium that was isolated from Zha-Chili, a traditional fermented food made in China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain HBUAS52074T is a member of the genus Lactobacillus and closely related to Lactobacillus nantensis DSM 16982T (98.9 %), Lactobacillus heilongjiangensis DSM 28069T (98.8 %), Lactobacillus formosensis NBRC 1095009T (98.6 %), Lactobacillus futsaii JCM 17355T (98.5 %), Lactobacillus farciminis KCTC 3681T (98.5 %), Lactobacillus musae NBRC 112868T (98.5 %) and Lactobacillus crustorum LMG 23699T (98.4 %). The DNA G+C content is 36.3 mol%. The major cellular fatty acids are C16 : 0 (28.2 %), C18 : 1ω9c (30.5 %) and summed feature 7 (C19 : 1ω6c, and/or C19 : 1ω7c; 14.9 %). Average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNA hybridization (GGDC) values based on genomic comparisons between HBUAS52074T and related type species showed that the bacterium was significantly different from its closest relatives. Using polyphasic taxonomic analysis, we have shown that strain HBUAS52074T is a new species in the genus Lactobacillus, for which we propose the name Lactobacilluszhachilii sp. nov. The type strain is HBUAS52074T (=GDMCC 1.1417T=KCTC 21106T).


Assuntos
/microbiologia , Lactobacillus/classificação , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ácido Láctico , Lactobacillus/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(5): 1313-1319, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30801241

RESUMO

Strain HBUAS61001T was isolated from the pickling sauce used to make a traditional fermented food product, datoucai, in China. The strain belonged to the genus Vibrio, but was placed in a clade separate from any known Vibrio species based on the 16S rRNA gene and MLSA results. The genome consisted of two chromosomes: chromosome I was 2 901 449 bp long with a G+C content of 45.4 mol%; and chromosome II was 1 107 930 bp long with a G+C content of 45.5 mol%. The most abundant fatty acids were C16 : 0 (28.1 %), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c, 29.4 %) and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c, 10.1 %). The isoprenoid quinones detected were Q7 and Q8. The predominant polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. Strain HBUAS61001T could grow in the presence of up to 17 % NaCl. The calculated average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (GGDC) values of the strain against the closest related type strains were all lower than 95 and 70 %, respectively. Putative genes in the genome associated with survival under high salinity stress were identified. Based on whole genome sequence analysis and phenotypic characteristics, strain HBUAS61001T is a new species in the genus Vibrio, and the name Vibrio zhugei (=GDMCC 1.1416T=KCTC 62784T) is proposed.


Assuntos
/microbiologia , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Filogenia , Vibrio/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vibrio/isolamento & purificação
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(1): 139-145, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30614783

RESUMO

In this study, we describe a new genus and species of yeast with high-salt tolerance. The strain was isolated from the pickling sauce used to make Datoucai, a traditional fermented food made from Brassica juncea in Xiangyang, China. Phylogenetic analysis of sequences from the D1/D2 region of the LSU rRNA gene and from the ITS region demonstrated that the strain, reference HBUAS51001T, was most closely related to members of the genera Occultifur and Cystobasidium. However, the greatest similarities between the D1/D2 and ITS nucleotide sequences of strain HBUAS51001T and the most closely related type strains from Occultifur and Cystobasidium were only 91 and 92 %, respectively. This suggests that strain HBUAS51001T does not belong to any currently described species. Strain HBUAS51001T grew readily on media in which xylose was the sole carbon source. The major ubiquinone was Q9. The genome of strain HBUAS51001T was 42.42 Mb with a G+C content of 53.93 mol%. Three candidate genes associated with xylose metabolism were identified. On the basis of genotypic and phenotypic data, strain HBUAS51001T can be considered as both a new species and a new genus, for which the name Halobasidium xiangyangense gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HBUAS51001T (=KCTC27810T=GDMCC 2.231T=CCTCC AY 2018002T).


Assuntos
Basidiomycota/classificação , Filogenia , Xilose/metabolismo , Composição de Bases , Basidiomycota/genética , Basidiomycota/isolamento & purificação , China , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
11.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 2045, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30233530

RESUMO

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are important for human health. However, the relative abundance of LAB in complex samples, such as fecal samples, is low and their presence and diversity (at the species level) is understudied. Therefore, we designed LAB-specific primer pairs based on 16S rRNA gene consensus sequences from 443 species of LAB from seven genera. The LAB strains selected were genetically similar and known to play a role in human health. Prior to primer design, we obtained consistent sequences for the primer-binding sites by comparing the 16S rRNA gene sequences, manually identifying single-stranded primers and modifying these primers using degenerate bases. We assembled primer pairs with product sizes of >400 bp. Optimal LAB-specific primers were screened using three methods: PCR amplification, agarose gel electrophoresis and single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing analysis. During the SMRT analysis procedure, we focused on sequence reads and diversity at the species level of target LAB in three fecal samples, using the universal bacterium primer 27f/1492r as a reference control. We created a phylogenetic tree to confirm the ability of the best candidate primer pair to differentiate amongst species. The results revealed that LAB-specific primer L5, with a product size of 750 bp, could generate 3222, 2552, and 3405 sequence reads from fecal Samples 1, 2, and 3. This represented 14, 13 and 10% of all target LAB sequence reads, respectively, compared with 2, 0.8, and 0.8% using the 27f/1492r primer. In addition, L5 detected LAB that were in low abundance and could not be detected using the 27f/1492r primer. The phylogenetic tree based on the alignments between the forward and reverse primer of L5 showed that species within the seven target LAB genera could be distinguished from each other, confirming L5 is a powerful tool for inferring phylogenetic relationships amongst LAB species. In conclusion, L5 is a LAB-specific primer that can be used for high-throughput sequencing and identification of taxa to the species level, especially in complex samples with relatively low LAB content. This enables further research on LAB population diversity in complex ecosystem, and on relationships between LAB and their hosts.

12.
BMC Genomics ; 19(1): 527, 2018 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29996769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enterococcus faecalis is widely studied as a common gut commensal and a nosocomial pathogen. In fact, Enterococcus faecalis is ubiquitous in nature, and it has been isolated from various niches, including the gastrointestinal tract, faeces, blood, urine, water, and fermented foods (such as dairy products). In order to elucidate the role of habitat in shaping the genome of Enterococcus faecalis, we performed a comparative genomic analysis of 78 strains of various origins. RESULTS: Although no correlation was found between the strain isolation habitat and the phylogeny of Enterococcus faecalis from our whole genome-based phylogenetic analysis, our results revealed some environment-associated features in the analysed Enterococcus faecalis genomes. Significant differences were found in the genome size and the number of predicted open reading frames (ORFs) between strains originated from different environments. In general, strains from water sources had the smallest genome size and the least number of predicted ORFs. We also identified 293 environment-specific genes, some of which might link to the adaptive strategies for survival in particular environments. In addition, the number of antibiotic resistance genes was significantly different between strains isolated from dairy products, water, and blood. Strains isolated from blood had the largest number of antibiotic resistance genes. CONCLUSION: These findings improve our understanding of the role of habitat in shaping the genomes of Enterococcus faecalis.


Assuntos
Enterococcus faecalis/genética , Genoma Bacteriano , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Enterococcus faecalis/classificação , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Fatores de Virulência/genética
13.
Curr Microbiol ; 75(10): 1316-1323, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29907938

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The gut microbes of dairy cows are strongly associated with their health, but the relationship between milk production and the intestinal microbiota has seldom been studied. Thus, we explored the diversity of the intestinal microbiota during peak lactation of dairy cows. METHODS: The intestinal microbiota of nine dairy cows at peak lactation was evaluated using the Pacific Biosciences single-molecule real-time (PacBio SMRT) sequencing approach. RESULTS: A total of 32,670 high-quality 16S rRNA gene sequences were obtained, belonging to 12 phyla, 59 families, 107 genera, and 162 species. Firmicutes (83%) were the dominant phylum, while Bacteroides (6.16%) was the dominant genus. All samples showed a high microbial diversity, with numerous genera of short chain fatty acid (SCFA)-producers. The proportion of SCFA producers was relatively high in relation to the identified core intestinal microbiota. Moreover, the predicted functional metagenome was heavily involved in energy metabolism. CONCLUSIONS: This study provided novel insights into the link between the dairy cow gut microbiota and milk production.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Biodiversidade , Bovinos/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Intestinos/microbiologia , Animais , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/metabolismo , Bovinos/fisiologia , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/metabolismo , Feminino , Lactação , Metagenoma , Leite/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
14.
Med Sci Monit ; 23: 2308-2314, 2017 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28510540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in the diagnosis of congenital coarctation of the aorta (CoA) and accompanying malformations in infants. MATERIAL AND METHODS From January 2012 and December 2015, we enrolled 68 infants with clinically suspected CoA who underwent MDCT angiography and TTE in our hospital. Surgical correction was conducted to confirm the diagnostic accuracy of both examinations in all patients. RESULTS In this study, the diagnosis of CoA was confirmed infants by surgical results in 55 of 68 infants. The diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of MDCT angiography were 95.6%, 96.4%, and 92.3%, respectively. The diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of TTE were 88.2%, 90.9%, and 76.9%, respectively. There was no significant difference in diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity between MDCT angiography and TTE (χ²=2.473, p>0.05, χ²=1.373, p>0.05 and χ²=1.182, p>0.05, respectively). In the diagnosis of concomitant cardiac abnormalities with CoA, the 2 methods also play different roles. CONCLUSIONS MDCT angiography and TTE play different roles in the diagnosis of CoA and accompany malformations. MDCT angiography in the diagnosis of the extra-cardiac vascular malformations is better than TTE, and TTE is superior to MDCT angiography in diagnosing intracardiac malformation. Combined MDCT angiography and TTE is a relatively valuable, reliable, and noninvasive method in the diagnosis of CoA and accompany malformations in infants.


Assuntos
Angiografia/instrumentação , Coartação Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores/métodos , Angiografia/métodos , Aorta , Coartação Aórtica/diagnóstico , China , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Ecocardiografia/instrumentação , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Doses de Radiação , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Malformações Vasculares
15.
Environ Technol ; 38(19): 2456-2464, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27924683

RESUMO

The electro-Fenton treatment of coking wastewater was evaluated experimentally in a batch electrochemical reactor. Based on central composite design coupled with response surface methodology, a regression quadratic equation was developed to model the total organic carbon (TOC) removal efficiency. This model was further proved to accurately predict the optimization of process variables by means of analysis of variance. With the aid of the convex optimization method, which is a global optimization method, the optimal parameters were determined as current density of 30.9 mA/cm2, Fe2+ concentration of 0.35 mg/L, and pH of 4.05. Under the optimized conditions, the corresponding TOC removal efficiency was up to 73.8%. The maximum TOC removal efficiency achieved can be further confirmed by the results of gas chromatography-mass spectrum analysis.


Assuntos
Coque , Águas Residuárias , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Ferro , Oxirredução
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(39): e4984, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27684852

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to preoperatively evaluate the value of aortic arch lesions by multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography in type A aortic dissection (AD).From January 2013 to December 2015, we enrolled 42 patients with type A AD who underwent MDCT angiography in our hospital. The institutional database of patients was retrospectively reviewed to identify MDCT angiography examinations for type A AD. Surgical corrections were conducted in all patients to confirm diagnostic accuracy.In this study, the diagnostic accuracy of MDCT angiography was 100% in all 42 patients. The intimal tear site locations that were identified in patients included the ascending aorta (n = 25), aortic arch (n = 12), and all other sites (n = 5). Compared with the control group, there were significant differences in the aortic arch anatomy among the cases. Regarding the distance between the left common carotid and left subclavian arteries, compared with the control group, most cases with type A AD had a significant variation.MDCT angiography plays an important role in detecting aortic arch lesions of type A AD, especially in determining the location of the intimal entry site and change of branch blood vessels. Surgeons can formulate an appropriate operating plan, according to the preoperative MDCT diagnosis information.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Environ Technol ; 37(21): 2750-9, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27121116

RESUMO

The batch and column experimental studies on the adsorption of phosphate onto synthetic lepidocrocite from reclaimed water are presented. A second-order polynomial model in the batch study is successfully applied to describe phosphate immobilization performance using the response surface methodology. The model proposed is further linked with the convex optimization method to determine the optimal variables for maximum phosphate uptake since convex method is a global optimization method. Consequently, under optimal parameters determined as pH of 3.88, an initial P concentration of 0.66 mg/L, and a dosage of 0.15 g, the corresponding phosphate removal efficiency can reach up to 97.4%. Adsorption behavior is further revealed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy observation and FTIR spectra. A comparative column study indicates that co-existing competing anions in artificial reclaimed water do not significantly interfere with P adsorption under the neutral condition. The experimental results highlight that synthetic lepidocrocite is an excellent absorbent for sustainable P removal from reclaimed water.


Assuntos
Compostos Férricos/química , Fósforo/isolamento & purificação , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Purificação da Água/instrumentação , Adsorção , Modelos Estatísticos , Fósforo/análise , Fósforo/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Purificação da Água/métodos
18.
Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao ; 55(7): 949-58, 2015 Jul 04.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26710614

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the biological features of the Acinetobacter baumannii persisters and the correlation between Type II toxin-antitoxin systems (TAs) and the persisters. METHODS: Different antibiotics were used to isolate the persisters; BLAST programs were adopted to analyze candidate TAs; PCR was used to detect the distribution of TAs. RESULTS: The number of persisters was different when treated by different antibiotics. For most antibiotics, the higher the concentration used, the lower the persister number was obtained. Persister numbers in exponential phase populations were lower than that in stationary phase. Polymyxin B and tobramycin could kill persisters. CONCLUSION: The persistence level of A. baumannii is related to the growth state of the strains, the class and concentration of antibiotics.


Assuntos
Acinetobacter baumannii/metabolismo , Antitoxinas/metabolismo , Toxinas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Acinetobacter baumannii/efeitos dos fármacos , Acinetobacter baumannii/genética , Acinetobacter baumannii/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
19.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 8(7): 7905-12, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26339355

RESUMO

We analyzed the role of genetic polymorphisms of six important NER pathway genes in response to chemotherapy and clinical outcome of osteosarcoma patients. A prospective study including 172 osteosarcoma patients was conducted between January 2009 and January 2011. The polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was used for ERCC1 rs11615 and rs2298881, ERCC2 rs13181 and rs1799793, ERCC4 rs1800067, ERCC5 rs1047768, XPA 1800975, and XPC rs2228000 and rs2228001 gene polymorphisms. By logistic regression analysis, TT genotype of ERCC1 rs11615 genetic polymorphism was significant correlated with poor response to chemotherapy when compared with wide-type genotype (OR=0.27, 95% CI=0.10-0.71). AC and CC genotype of ERCC1 rs2298881 were significantly associated with poor response to chemotherapy when compared with AA genotype (For AC genotype, OR=0.45, 95% CI=0.21-0.97; for CC genotype, OR=0.19, 95% CI=0.06-0.58). By Cox proportional hazards regression analysis, TT genotype of ERCC1 rs11615 and CC genotype of ERCC1 rs2298881 suffered a 3.16 and 3.57-fold increased hazards of death (For ERCC1 rs11615, HR=3.16, 95% CI=1.19-9.16; for ERCC1 rs2298881, HR=3.57, 95% CI=1.10-11.35). In conclusion, our findings suggest that ERCC1 rs11615 and ERCC1 rs2298881 genetic polymorphisms are significantly associated with poor response to chemotherapy and unfavourable survival of osteosarcoma.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Reparo do DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Endonucleases/genética , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Osteossarcoma/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adolescente , Adulto , Neoplasias Ósseas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Heterozigoto , Homozigoto , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Osteossarcoma/enzimologia , Osteossarcoma/mortalidade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; 34(9): 1890-900, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25794388

RESUMO

Cephalometric analysis is an essential clinical and research tool in orthodontics for the orthodontic analysis and treatment planning. This paper presents the evaluation of the methods submitted to the Automatic Cephalometric X-Ray Landmark Detection Challenge, held at the IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging 2014 with an on-site competition. The challenge was set to explore and compare automatic landmark detection methods in application to cephalometric X-ray images. Methods were evaluated on a common database including cephalograms of 300 patients aged six to 60 years, collected from the Dental Department, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taiwan, and manually marked anatomical landmarks as the ground truth data, generated by two experienced medical doctors. Quantitative evaluation was performed to compare the results of a representative selection of current methods submitted to the challenge. Experimental results show that three methods are able to achieve detection rates greater than 80% using the 4 mm precision range, but only one method achieves a detection rate greater than 70% using the 2 mm precision range, which is the acceptable precision range in clinical practice. The study provides insights into the performance of different landmark detection approaches under real-world conditions and highlights achievements and limitations of current image analysis techniques.


Assuntos
Pontos de Referência Anatômicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Cefalometria/métodos , Cabeça/diagnóstico por imagem , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Cabeça/anatomia & histologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia Dentária , Adulto Jovem
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