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1.
Int J Med Mushrooms ; 23(10): 23-34, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595889

RESUMO

For the first time, polysaccharide synthase activity was used as the cut-in condition in this study and the fermentation conditions of Coprinus comatus intracellular polysaccharide (IPS) were further optimized. The optimal conditions were 23.65 g/L of carbon source, 47.44 g/L of nitrogen source, and pH 5.73. C. comatus IPS was obtained under the optimal conditions and its antioxidant properties were evaluated. Next, in vitro proliferation and Lactobacillus rhamnosus acidifying activity were assessed. IPS had good antioxidant properties and could promote the growth and acid production of probiotics. The antioxidant properties and probiotic proliferation and acidifying activity of IPS were improved to a certain extent under the optimal conditions. Thus, our findings contribute to establishing a novel fermentation process that can produce IPS with better performance. Meanwhile, IPS has great application potential in medicine.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617533

RESUMO

Tandem reactions of the yttrium(iii) catalyzed ring-opening reaction of 2,2'-diester aziridines with 3-(2-isocyanoethyl)indoles and the subsequent Friedel-Crafts/Mannich/desulfonylation were reported. A series of polycyclic spiroindolines containing tetrahydro-ß-carbolines were obtained in moderate to excellent yields (56-92%) in one step under mild reaction conditions. A possible catalytic mechanism was also proposed.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501614

RESUMO

Although a large number of studies have indicated that self-control was an important predictive factor for adolescent internet addiction, the moderating and mediating mechanisms underlying this relationship remain unclear. To address this research gap, the present study, according to social learning theory and the organism-environment interaction theory, tested whether consideration of future consequences mediated the relation between self-control and adolescent internet addiction and whether deviant peer affiliation moderated the relationship between consideration of future consequences and internet addiction. Using longitudinal tracking (two-time points and the interval is 6 months). Three middle schools in Guangzhou were randomly selected. The participants were 1182 students ranging in age from 12 to 15 years (average age: 14.16, SD = 1.29) from three middle schools in Guangzhou (651 boys and 531 girls) in Guangdong Province. Results showed that consideration of future consequences mediated the relationship between self-control and internet addiction. Furthermore, the relationship between future consequence consideration and internet addiction was moderated by deviant peer affiliation. These findings highlighted the potential mediating role of consideration of future consequences in linking self-control to adolescent internet addiction. We also found high deviant peer affiliation weakens the protective effect of future consequence consideration on Internet addiction. This study may provide support for adolescent Internet addiction prevention and have some educational implications.

4.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 267, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extraskeletal osteosarcoma (ESOS) is a rare mesenchymal malignancy, which produces osteoid, bone, or chondroid material and is located in the soft tissue without attachment to skeletal bones and periosteum. One of the things that ESOS originated from mesentery is much rarer. CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year female had a history of pain in the left lower abdomen for more than 4 months. Abdominal computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large, irregular, and solid-cystic mass (largest diameter was 11.5 cm). The tumor was radically removed during an open operation. It was composed of abundant osteoid and polyhedral-shaped tumor cells with high atypia and high mitotic activity microscopically. The final pathological diagnosis was osteoblastic osteosarcoma, arising from the sigmoid mesocolon with negative margins. A 9-month follow-up by CT exhibited signs of peritoneal metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: Given the rarity of cases of mesenteric ESOS, diagnosis mainly depended on pathology findings or should be taken into consideration when the mesenteric mass was found. Its most effective treatment had not been determined, with surgical excision being generally accepted. Ensuring negative surgical margins may be an important factor affecting prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Mesocolo , Osteossarcoma , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Mesocolo/diagnóstico por imagem , Mesocolo/cirurgia , Osteossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteossarcoma/cirurgia , Prognóstico
5.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112326, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474877

RESUMO

Bone defects remain a challenging problem for doctors and patients in clinical practice. Processed pyritum is a traditional Chinese medicine that is often used to clinically treat bone fractures. It contains mainly Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn, and other elements. In this study, we added the extract of processed pyritum to ß-tricalcium phosphate and produced a porous composite TPP (TCP/processed pyritum) scaffold using digital light processing (DLP) 3D printing technology. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis revealed that TPP scaffolds contained interconnected pore structures. When compared with TCP scaffolds (1.35 ± 0.15 MPa), TPP scaffolds (5.50 ± 0.24 MPa) have stronger mechanical strength and can effectively induce osteoblast proliferation, differentiation, and mineralization in vitro. Meanwhile, the in vivo study showed that the TPP scaffold had better osteogenic capacity than the TCP scaffold. Furthermore, the TPP scaffold had good biosafety after implantation. In summary, the TPP scaffold is a promising biomaterial for the clinical treatment of bone defects.


Assuntos
Fosfatos de Cálcio , Tecidos Suporte , Humanos , Porosidade , Impressão Tridimensional
6.
Nutr Cancer ; : 1-10, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553663

RESUMO

Studies have shown that the micronutrients, zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), and selenium (Se) are associated with the HPV-associated cervical cancer, yet between dietary Zn/Cu/Se intake and high-risk HPV (hrHPV) infection remain unclear. We obtained publicly available data in the present cross-sectional study from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) performed between 2011 and 2016. Dietary Zn, Cu, and Se intakes were assessed from two 24-h diet recalls. A total of 4628 female with the age of 18-59 years were included in this secondary analysis. Comparing the highest with the lowest quartiles of Zn intake, the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) for hrHPV infection was 0.72 (95% CI, 0.54-0.98). The aOR upon comparison of the quartile three with the lowest quartile of Cu intake was 0.67 (95% CI, 0.50-0.90). Whereas no significant association was found between intakes of Se and hrHPV infection in multivariate analysis. Moreover, compared with those below the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA), hrHPV infection risk was significantly decreased among women who met the RDA for Cu (aOR: 0.74; 95% CI = 0.60-0.92), but not for Zn and Se. In conclusion, high dietary Zn and moderate copper intakes were independently and negatively associated with hrHPV infection in addition to Se.

7.
Pathol Oncol Res ; 27: 1609852, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34566519

RESUMO

Introduction: Gastric cancer is one of the most common cancers. Although some progress has been made in the treatment of gastric cancer with the improvement of surgical methods and the application of immunotherapy, the prognosis of gastric cancer patients is still unsatisfactory. In recent years, there has been increasing evidence that tumor mutational load (TMB) is strongly associated with survival outcomes and response to immunotherapy. Given the variable response of patients to immunotherapy, it is important to investigate clinical significance of TMB and explore appropriate biomarkers of prognosis in patients with gastric cancer (GC). Material and Methods: All data of patients with gastric cancer were obtained from the database of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Samples were divided into two groups based on median TMB. Differently expressed genes (DEGs) between the high- and low-TMB groups were identified and further analyzed. We identified TMB-related genes using Lasso, univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis and validated the survival result of 11 hub genes using Kaplan-Meier Plotter. In addition, "CIBERSORT" package was utilized to estimate the immune infiltration. Results: Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), C > T transition were the most common variant type and single nucleotide variant (SNV), respectively. Patients in the high-TMB group had better survival outcomes than those in the low-TMB group. Besides, eleven TMB-related DEGs were utilized to construct a prognostic model that could be an independent risk factor to predict the prognosis of patients with GC. What's more, the infiltration levels of CD4+ memory-activated T cells, M0 and M1 macrophages were significantly increased in the high-TMB group compared with the low-TMB group. Conclusions: Herein, we found that patients with high TMB had better survival outcomes in GC. In addition, higher TMB might promote immune infiltration, which could provide new ideas for immunotherapy.

8.
BMC Neurosci ; 22(1): 56, 2021 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: NRXN1 deletions are identified as one of major rare risk factors for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other neurodevelopmental disorders. ASD has 30% co-morbidity with epilepsy, and the latter is associated with excessive neuronal firing. NRXN1 encodes hundreds of presynaptic neuro-adhesion proteins categorized as NRXN1α/ß/γ. Previous studies on cultured cells show that the short NRXN1ß primarily exerts excitation effect, whereas the long NRXN1α which is more commonly deleted in patients involves in both excitation and inhibition. However, patient-derived models are essential for understanding functional consequences of NRXN1α deletions in human neurons. We recently derived induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from five controls and three ASD patients carrying NRXN1α+/- and showed increased calcium transients in patient neurons. METHODS: In this study we investigated the electrophysiological properties of iPSC-derived cortical neurons in control and ASD patients carrying NRXN1α+/- using patch clamping. Whole genome RNA sequencing was carried out to further understand the potential underlying molecular mechanism. RESULTS: NRXN1α+/- cortical neurons were shown to display larger sodium currents, higher AP amplitude and accelerated depolarization time. RNASeq analyses revealed transcriptomic changes with significant upregulation glutamatergic synapse and ion channels/transporter activity including voltage-gated potassium channels (GRIN1, GRIN3B, SLC17A6, CACNG3, CACNA1A, SHANK1), which are likely to couple with the increased excitability in NRXN1α+/- cortical neurons. CONCLUSIONS: Together with recent evidence of increased calcium transients, our results showed that human NRXN1α+/- isoform deletions altered neuronal excitability and non-synaptic function, and NRXN1α+/- patient iPSCs may be used as an ASD model for therapeutic development with calcium transients and excitability as readouts.

9.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 44(9): 1323-1331, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471060

RESUMO

Disulfiram (DSF), an old anti-alcoholism drug, has emerged as a candidate for drug repurposing in oncology. In exploratory studies on its therapeutic effects, we unexpectedly discovered that DSF increased the phosphorylation of SRC, a proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase elevated in 70% of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cases. This serendipitous and novel finding led to our hypothesis for the current study which proposes DSF may synergize with SRC inhibitors in suppressing PDAC. Human PDAC PANC-1 and BXPC-3 cells were incubated with DSF chelated with copper (Cu2+), SRC inhibitors (PP2 and dasatinib), or transfected with lentiviral short hairpin RNA (shRNA), and their proliferation and apoptosis were analyzed. A xenograft model was employed to verify the in vitro results. The expression of key molecules was detected. DSF significantly inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis by increasing the cleavage of poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP), downregulating Bcl-2 and upregulating p27 in concentration- and time-dependent manners. DSF had little effect on signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) expression but inhibited its phosphorylation. DSF did not alter SRC expression but significantly increased its phosphorylation through upregulating actin filament associated protein 1 like 2 (AFAP1L2). DSF exhibited a synergistic effect, as analyzed by drug coefficient interactions, with either PP2, or dasatinib, or SRC depletion in suppressing PDAC cells in vitro and/or in vivo. The present results indicate DSF is a potential therapeutic drug, particularly when it is combined with SRC inhibitors, and warrant further studies on the pharmacological utility of DSF as a promising adjunct therapy for the treatment of PDAC.

10.
J Pathol ; 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467534

RESUMO

The mevalonate pathway is essential for cholesterol biosynthesis. Previous studies have suggested that the key enzyme in this pathway, farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FDPS), regulates the cardiovascular system. We used human samples and mice that were deficient in cardiac FDPS (c-Fdps-/- mice) to investigate the role of FDPS in cardiac homeostasis. Cardiac function was assessed using echocardiography. Left ventricles were examined and tested for histological and molecular markers of cardiac remodeling. Our results showed that FDPS levels were downregulated in samples from patients with cardiomyopathy. Furthermore, c-Fdps-/- mice exhibited cardiac remodeling and dysfunction. This dysfunction was associated with abnormal activation of Ras and Rheb, which may be due to the accumulation of geranyl pyrophosphate. Activation of Ras and Rheb stimulated downstream mTOR and ERK pathways. Moreover, administration of farnesyltransferase inhibitors attenuated cardiac remodeling and dysfunction in c-Fdps-/- mice. These results indicate that FDPS plays an important role in cardiac homeostasis. Deletion of FDPS stimulates the downstream mTOR and ERK signaling pathways, resulting in cardiac remodeling and dysfunction. © 2021 The Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

11.
J Physiol Sci ; 71(1): 26, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445952

RESUMO

Sweat is a noninvasive biological fluid on the surface of human skin and has attracted increasing attention as a diagnostic specimen for disease and biomarker detection. Sweat metabolite quantification is possible due to progress in sweat analysis techniques; nevertheless, the role of sweat monitoring in energy metabolism, physiological or pathological state assessment, health status assessment, and the development and outcome of metabolism-related diseases remains unclear. This review provides a comprehensive overview of the literature on human sweat lactate concentration. The first, second, and third sections of this review present an introduction of sweat lactate, methods for the collection and storage of sweat lactate samples, and methods of detection and analysis of sweat lactate, respectively. The fourth section elaborates upon the current state of clinical application of sweat lactate monitoring and its prospects for health surveillance. The last section focuses on the challenges and future directions of this novel technology for detecting lactate in sweat.

12.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462843

RESUMO

Selenium (Se), an essential nutrient for humans, has been reported to possess cardioprotective effect. However, the protective effects of Se against doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiotoxicity and the underlying mechanism are rarely reported. In this study, we sought to explore whether Se protected against DOX-induced cardiotoxicity by inhibiting Nrf2-NLRP3 pathway. We found that Se treatment effectively alleviated DOX-induced myocardial dysfunctions, decreasing plasma markers associated with myocardial injury. Moreover, Se treatment significantly inhibited DOX-induced oxidative damages and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in heart tissues. Furthermore, Se treatment markedly promoted the expression of Nrf2 and prevented the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome. Importantly, suppression of Nrf2 abolished the cardioprotective effects of Se and diminished the inhibition of Se on NLRP3 inflammasome. Collectively, our study demonstrated that Se might protect against DOX-induced cardiotoxicity via regulating Nrf2-NLRP3 pathway. Se supplementation may be a potential therapeutic strategy to protect against DOX-induced cardiac injury.

13.
Int J Med Mushrooms ; 23(5): 91-100, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347998

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the hepatoprotective effects of Coprinus comatus protein (CCP) in a mouse model of acute alcoholic liver injury by regulating gut microbiota dysbiosis. Mice were divided into four groups, including the control group (CG), alcohol group (AG), biphenyldicarboxylate group (BG), and protein group (PG). The results showed that alcohol can increase the liver organ index, which could be adjusted by CCP. At the same time, analysis of serum biochemical indexes (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase) and liver oxidative stress levels (glutathione) revealed that CCP significantly alleviated alcohol-induced hepatic inflammation. Sequencing of 16S rRNA showed that gut microbiota composition was changed significantly by alcohol treatment. However, CCP could mitigate dysbiosis of gut microbiota, such as increasing the proportion of Muribaculaceae, Lachnospiraceae, and Lactobacillaceae and reducing the proportion of Burkholderiaceae, Deferribacteraceae, Enterococcaceae, and Enterobacteriaceae. In conclusion, CCP can maintain gut microbiota stability to improve liver injury and is potentially a good candidate for dietary supplements against acute alcoholic liver injury.

14.
Environ Pollut ; 289: 117916, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375849

RESUMO

Low concentrations of vanadium (V) are essential for various plant species but it becomes toxic to plants, animals, and humans at high levels. A significant amount of V is currently being emitted into the atmosphere due to intensified industrial processing. Therefore, this study aimed at evaluating the effect of raw (BC) and HNO3-modified biochar (OBC) derived from rice straw on growth, photosynthetic assimilation, relative chlorophyll content, SPAD index, ion leakage, enzyme activities, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), bioavailability and V uptake by rice in a laboratory-scale experiment. Characterization of OBC and BC by FTIR (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy), SEM (scan electron microscopy), BET (Brunauer-Emmett-Teller), elemental analysis, and z-potential revealed a substantial difference between both of them. The V-stress significantly reduced the rice plant growth, biomass yield, chlorophyll parameters, root length and surface area. Under V-stress conditions, root accumulated more V than shoots and OBC significantly improved the above-mentioned parameters, while, decreasing hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in plants. The antioxidant function and gene expression levels induced by V-stress and OBC application further increased the expression profile of three genes (SOD, POD, and CAT) encoding antioxidant enzymes and one metal-tolerant conferring gene (OsFSD1). In summary, these results demonstrated the critical role of OBC in mitigating the detrimental effects of high V-stress on rice growth and enhancing plant defence against V-stress.


Assuntos
Oryza , Antioxidantes , Carvão Vegetal , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Oryza/genética , Fotossíntese , Raízes de Plantas , Vanádio
15.
Nutr Neurosci ; : 1-10, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prior evidence suggests that coffee might be related to dementia, however, little is known about coffee and dementia in individuals with elevated genetic susceptibility for dementia. Additionally, most previous studies have focused on total coffee instead of examining coffee types separately. METHODS: This study included 203,776 participants (60-73 years old) from the UK Biobank who were initially free of dementia. Polygenic risk scores for dementia were divided into quintile to stratify individuals into low (lowest quintile), intermediate (quintile 2-4), and high (highest quintile) genetic risk categories. Coffee intake was assessed at baseline and included total, instant, ground, and decaffeinated coffee. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 11.4 years, 4405 cases of dementia occurred (1856 Alzheimer's disease [AD], 1105 vascular dementia). Compared to non-coffee drinking, heavy instant coffee drinking (> 6 cups/day) and moderate decaffeinated coffee drinking (1-3 cups/day) were associated with a higher risk of dementia (hazard ratio [HR] 1.19-1.34) and AD (HR 1.41-1.51), while moderate ground coffee drinking was associated with a lower risk of dementia (HR, 0.78; P = 0.001) and vascular dementia (HR, 0.58; P < 0.001). Among participants at high genetic risk, heavy coffee drinking was associated with a 95% (HR; 1.95, 95% CI, 1.21-3.16) higher risk of AD than non-coffee drinking. We found an interaction between coffee and genetic risk in relation to AD (P = 0.038). CONCLUSION: The association of dementia and coffee varied by coffee types. Heavy coffee consumption was associated with a higher risk of AD in individuals with high genetic risk for dementia.

16.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 73(10): 1405-1417, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254648

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The study was to construct reduction-responsive chondroitin sulfate A (CSA)-conjugated TOS (CST) micelles with disulfide bond linkage, which was used for controlled doxorubicin (DOX) release and improved drug efficacy in vivo. METHODS: CST and non-responsive CSA-conjugated TOS (CAT) were synthesized, and the chemical structure was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy, fluorescence spectrophotometer and dynamic light scattering. Antitumour drug DOX was physically encapsulated into CST and CSA by dialysis method. Cell uptake of DOX-based formulations was investigated by confocal laser scanning microscopy. In vitro cytotoxicity was studied in A549 and AGS cells. Furthermore, antitumour activity was evaluated in A549-bearing mice. KEY FINDINGS: CST and CAT can form self-assembled micelles, and have low value of critical micelle concentration. Notably, DOX-containing CST (D-CST) micelles demonstrated reduction-triggered drug release in glutathione-containing media. Further, reduction-responsive uptake of D-CST was observed in A549 cells. In addition, D-CST induced stronger cytotoxicity (P < 0.05) than DOX-loaded CAT (D-CAT) against A549 and AGS cells. Moreover, D-CST exhibited significantly stronger antitumour activity in A549-bearing nude mice than doxorubicin hydrochloride and D-CAT. CONCLUSIONS: The reduction-responsive CST micelles enhanced the DOX effect at tumour site and controlled drug release.

17.
Biol Psychiatry ; 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gene dosage imbalance caused by copy number variations (CNVs) is a prominent contributor to brain disorders. In particular, 15q11.2 CNV duplications and deletions have been associated with autism spectrum disorder and schizophrenia, respectively. The mechanism underlying these diametric contributions remains unclear. METHODS: We established both loss-of-function and gain-of-function mouse models of Cyfip1, one of four genes within 15q11.2 CNVs. To assess the functional consequences of altered CYFIP1 levels, we performed systematic investigations on behavioral, electrophysiological, and biochemical phenotypes in both mouse models. In addition, we utilized RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing (RIP-seq) analysis to reveal molecular targets of CYFIP1 in vivo. RESULTS: Cyfip1 loss-of-function and gain-of function mouse models exhibited distinct and shared behavioral abnormalities related to autism spectrum disorder and schizophrenia. RIP-seq analysis identified messenger RNA targets of CYFIP1 in vivo, including postsynaptic NMDA receptor (NMDAR) complex components. In addition, these mouse models showed diametric changes in levels of postsynaptic NMDAR complex components at synapses because of dysregulated protein translation, resulting in bidirectional alteration of NMDAR-mediated signaling. Importantly, pharmacological balancing of NMDAR signaling in these mouse models with diametric Cyfip1 dosages rescues behavioral abnormalities. CONCLUSIONS: CYFIP1 regulates protein translation of NMDAR and associated complex components at synapses to maintain normal synaptic functions and behaviors. Our integrated analyses provide insight into how gene dosage imbalance caused by CNVs may contribute to divergent neuropsychiatric disorders.

18.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34209755

RESUMO

Optimal vitamin D (vitD) status is beneficial for both pregnant women and their newborns. The aim of this study was to evaluate the vitamin D status of Chinese pregnant women in the latest China Nutrition and Health Surveillance (CNHS) 2015-2017, analyze the risk factors of vitamin D deficiency (VDD), and compare them with those in CNHS 2010-2012. Serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) was measured by ELISA method. City type, district, latitude, location, age, vitamin D supplements intake, education, marital status, annual family income, etc., were recorded. The median 25(OH)D concentration was 13.02 (10.17-17.01) ng/mL in 2015-2017, and 15.48 (11.89-20.09) ng/mL in 2010-2012. The vitamin D sufficient rate was only 12.57% in 2015-2017, comparing to 25.17% in 2010-2012. The risk factors of vitamin D inadequacy (25(OH)D < 20 ng/mL) in 2015-2017 were not exactly consistent with that in 2010-2012. The risk factors included season of spring (p < 0.0001) and winter (p < 0.001), subtropical (p < 0.001), median (p < 0.0001) and warm temperate zones (p < 0.0001), the western (p = 0.027) and the central areas (p = 0.041), while vitD supplements intake (p = 0.021) was a protective factor in pregnant women. In conclusion, vitD inadequacy is very common among Chinese pregnant women. We encourage pregnant women to take more effective sunlight and proper vitD supplements, especially for those from the subtropical, warm and medium temperate zones, the western and the central, and in the seasons of spring and winter.


Assuntos
Inquéritos Nutricionais/tendências , Vigilância da População , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Suplementos Nutricionais/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Estado Nutricional , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/sangue , Estações do Ano , Vitamina D/sangue , Vitamina D/uso terapêutico
19.
Mol Omics ; 17(5): 790-795, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318850

RESUMO

Adipogenesis and osteoblastogenesis (adipo-osteoblastogenesis) are closely related processes involving with the phosphorylation of numerous cytoplasmic proteins and key transcription factors. Despite the recognition of the importance of protein phosphorylation in adipo-osteoblastocyte biology, relatively little is known about the specific kinases for adipo-osteoblastogenesis. Here, we constructed the comprehensive gene transcriptional landscapes of kinases at 3, 5, and 7 days during adipo-osteoblastogenesis from human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). We identified forty-four and eight significant DEGs (differentially expressed genes) separately for adipo-osteoblastogenesis. Five significant DEGs, namely CAMK2A, NEK10, PAK3, PRKG2, and PTK2B, were simultaneously shared by adipo-osteoblastogenic anecdotes. Using a lentivirus system, we confirmed that PTK2B (non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase 2 beta) simultaneously inhibited adipo-osteoblastogenesis through RNAi assays, and PRKG2 (protein kinase cGMP-dependent 2) facilitated adipogenesis and weakened osteoblastogenesis. The only certainty was that the identified candidate significant DEGs encoding kinases responsible for protein phosphorylation, especially PTK2B and PRKG2, were the potential molecular switches of cell fate determination for hMSCs. This study would provide novel study targets for hMSC differentiation and potential clues for the therapy of the adipo-osteoblastogenic balance-derived disorders.

20.
Acta Trop ; 222: 106042, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34252385

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the Anhui Province, China, efforts to interrupt the local malaria transmission were successful, with no endemic cases reported since 2014. Contrastingly, imported malaria cases are still being reported, indicating a disease reintroduction risk after years of elimination. A good surveillance system is key for avoiding the risk, detecting imported cases and possible cases associated with local transmission early. Therefore, rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) were combined with microscopy to strengthen malaria surveillance in the province. Herein, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of this surveillance strategy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study using malaria surveillance data from January 2016 to June 2020. Epidemiological characteristics and diagnostic information were analysed using descriptive and comparative statistics. The diagnostic performance of the combined toolbox (Wondfo RDTs plus microscopy) was evaluated based on its sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and Cohen's kappa coefficient, using real-time polymerase chain reaction as the gold standard. RESULTS: The combined toolbox displayed a higher overall sensitivity for malaria cases than that of microscopy alone (93.74% vs 89.37%; padj <0.05), which could detect 94.65%, 88.16%, 95.00%, and 100.00% of Plasmodium falciparum, P. ovale, P. vivax, and P. malariae infections, respectively. In clinical practice, Wondfo RDTs ability to detect P. falciparum infections was better than that of microscopy (97.55% vs 89.67%, padj < 0.05). In contrast, microscopy displayed a higher specificity than that of Wondfo RDTs (81.82% vs 63.28%, p adj <0.05). Moreover, the consistency between microscopy and the gold standard results was also better than that of RDTs (Kappa value:0.669 vs 0.596). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of microscopy and RDTs is an effective strategy for malaria surveillance because it possibly detected more P. falciparum infections due to the introduction of RDTs. In contrast, microscopy is complementary to some limitations related to the use of RDTs in field practice. Thus, monitoring malaria cases in non-endemic areas may require employing more than one diagnostic tool in surveillance strategies. Moreover, further understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of different detection methods is necessary for applying optimum combinations in field settings.


Assuntos
Malária , China/epidemiologia , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina , Humanos , Malária/diagnóstico , Malária/epidemiologia , Microscopia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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