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1.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617879

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterium, designated strain SYSU M44304T, was isolated from freshwater samples in the Pearl River Estuary. The isolate was Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, coccus-shaped, oxidase-positive and motile. The cell wall contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as its diagnostic diamino acid. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylethanolamine and seven unidentified phospholipids. The major fatty acids were C16 : 0 and C16 : 1. The G+C content based on genomic DNA was 73.2 mol %. The nearest phylogenetic neighbours to the novel strain were Mobilicoccus pelagius NBRC 104925T and Mobilicoccus caccae YIM 101593T. On the basis of chemotaxonomic and physiological characteristics and phylogenetic analysis, strain SYSU M44304T should be considered to represent a novel species of a new genus in the family Dermatophilaceae, for which we propose the name Agilicoccus flavus gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of Agilicoccus flavus is SYSU M44304T (=NBRC 114808T=CGMCC 1.18608T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Rios , Actinobacteria , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623235

RESUMO

A novel species of the genus Roseomonas, designated SYSU M41301T, was isolated from water sample of the Pearl River estuary in Guangdong, China. Polyphasic, taxonomic and phylogenomic analyses were used to determine the taxonomy position of the strain. Phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain SYSU M41301T showed the highest sequence similarity to Roseomonas stagni KCTC 22213T (97.9 %) and Roseomonas riguiloci KCTC 23339T (96.4 %). The novel species could be differentiated from other species of the genus Roseomonas by its distinct phenotypic and genotypic characteristics. The isolate was Gram-staining-negative, aerobic, short rod-shape, oxidase-positive and non-motile. The predominant respiratory quinone was ubiquinone 8 (Q-8). The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, and one unidentified polar lipid. The major fatty acids (>10 % of total) were 11-methyl C18 : 1 ω7c, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/ or C16 : 1 ω6c) and summed feature 8 (C18:  :1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c). The G+C content of the novel isolate based on genomic DNA was 72.0 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic data, strain SYSU M41301T should be considered to represent a novel species in the genus Roseomonas, for which the name Roseomonas ponticola sp. nov. is proposed with the type strain SYSU M41301T (=KCTC 72726T=CGMCC 1.18613T).


Assuntos
Estuários , Methylobacteriaceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Methylobacteriaceae/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rios , Análise de Sequência de DNA
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623539

RESUMO

Three Gram-staining negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped and motile strains, FJAT-51800T, FJAT-52962T and FJAT-54481T were isolated from the sediment samples of Zhangjiang Estuary Mangrove National Nature Reserve in Fujian Province, China. The 16S rRNA gene sequencing results indicated they could be novel members of the genus Shewanella. The optimum temperature for growth was 30 °C. The respiratory quinones of the strains were ubiquinone Q-7 or Q-8, and menaquinone MK-7. Polar lipids of the strains FJAT-52962T and FJAT-51800T were phosphatidyl glycerol, phosphatidyl ethanolamine, and unidentified aminophospholipids while strain FJAT-54481 consist of phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, unidentified aminophospholipids, two unidentified aminolipids and four unidentified lipids. The major fatty acid of the three strains was iso-C15:0. The genomic DNA G + C contents of strains FJAT-51800T, FJAT-52962T and FJAT-54481T were 48.2, 55.3 and 48.1%, respectively. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains FJAT-51800T, FJAT-52962T and FJAT-54481T and other closely related Shewanella members were below the cut-off level (95-96%) for species identification. Genome analysis showed that these strains encode genes for osmo-regulation. Based on the results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genome analyses, strains FJAT-51800T, FJAT-52962T and FJAT-54481T represent three novel species of the genus Shewanella, for which the names Shewanella avicenniae sp. nov., Shewanella sedimentimangrovi sp. nov., and Shewanella yunxiaonensis sp. nov., are proposed. The type strains are FJAT-51800T (= GDMCC 1.2204T = KCTC 82448T), FJAT-52962T (= MCCC 1K05496T = KCTC 82445T) and FJAT-54481T (= GDMCC 1.2348T = KCTC 82646T).

5.
Extremophiles ; 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533626

RESUMO

Two extremely halophilic archaea, isolates SYSU A00711T and SYSU A00630, were isolated from a sediment soil sample collected from the Aiding lake, China. Cells of these isolates were cocci, non-motile and stained Gram-negative. They grew optimally at 37 °C, with 20-22% NaCl (w/v) and at pH 7.5-8.0. Cells lysed in distilled water. Major polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, mannosyl glucosyl diether, sulfated mannosyl glucosyl diether, and two unidentified glycolipids. Pairwise sequence comparison revealed that isolates SYSU A00711T and SYSU A00630 were closely related to Halegenticoccus soli SYSU A9-0T (94.1 and 94.0% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities; 94.0 and 94.2% rpoB' gene similarities, respectively). The overall genomic relatedness indices values between the two isolates and Halegenticocus soli SYSU A9-0 T were: AAI, both 79.6%; ANI, 84.6 and 84.5%; dDDH, 32.5 and 26.3%, respectively. Phylogenetic trees based on the 16S rRNA gene, rpoB' gene, and genome sequences demonstrated a robust clade of these two isolates with Halegenticoccus soli SYSU A9-0T. The DNA G + C contents of these two isolates are both 64.7% (genome method). Based on the differences in phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic properties, isolates SYSU A00711T and SYSU A00630 are characterized to represent a novel species in the genus Halegenticoccus, for which the name Halegenticoccus tardaugens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the species Halegenticoccus tardaugens is SYSU A00711T (= KCTC 4245T = CGMCC 1.15768T).

6.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544305

RESUMO

Two new α-pyrones, micropyrones A (1) and B (2), along with four known γ-pyrones, nocapyrone D (3), nocapyrone A (4), marinactinone A (5), and nocapyrone H (6), were isolated from the culture extract of actinomycete Microbacterium sp. GJ312, which was isolated from Glycyrrhiza uralensis. The structures of these compounds were identified by analysis of spectral data. They are the first α- and γ-pyrones reported from the genus Microbacterium. The antibacterial activity of all compounds against Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin resistant S. aureus was evaluated. However, none of them showed significant activity. This study represents the first phytochemical example of a Glycyrrhiza-derived actinomycete.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542394

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, non-motile and short rod-shaped actinobacterium, designated strain LNNU 22110T, was isolated from the rhizosphere soil of the halophyte Suaeda aralocaspica (Bunge) Freitag and Schütze, which collected in Xinjiang, north-west China. Growth occurred at 10-45 °C, pH 6.0-10.0 and in the presence of 0-11 % NaCl (w/v). Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence phylogenetic analyses, strain LNNU 22110T belonged to the genus Ruania and had 97.5 and 95.5 % sequence similarity to Ruania alba KCTC 19413T and Ruania albidiflava CGMCC 4.3142T, respectively. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness values between strain LNNU 22110T and R. alba KCTC 19413T and R. albidiflava CGMCC 4.3142T were 23.2 and 19.9 %, respectively. The highest average nucleotide identity value between strain LNNU 22110T and its closest related strain (R. alba KCTC 19413T) was 80.2 %, much lower than the species delineation threshold of 95-96 %. The genome of strain LNNU 22110T was 4.4 Mb, with a genomic DNA G+C content of 68.4 mol%. The diagnostic diamino acids in the peptidoglycan layer of strain LNNU 22110T were lysine, alanine, glycine, glutamic acid and aspartic acid. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8(H4). The major fatty acid (>10 %) was anteiso-C15 : 0. The polar lipid profile of strain LNNU 22110T included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, diacylated phosphatidyl dimannoside, one unidentified glycolipid and two unidentified phospholipids. According to the phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic results, strain LNNU 22110T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Ruania, for which the name Ruania rhizosphaerae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LNNU 22110T (=KCTC 39807T=CGMCC 1.17105T).


Assuntos
Chenopodiaceae , Rizosfera , Actinobacteria , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Microbiologia do Solo
8.
J Glob Antimicrob Resist ; 27: 91-94, 2021 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492399

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Here we describe the first draft genome analysis of a CRISPR-carrying, multidrug-resistant, candidate novel Pseudomonas sp. NCCP-436T isolated from faeces of a neonatal diarrhoeic calf. METHODS: The genome of strain NCCP-436T was sequenced using an Illumina NovaSeq PE150 platform and analysed using various bioinformatic tools. The virulence factors and resistome were identified using PATRIC and CARD servers, while CGView Server was used to construct a circular genome map. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by the disk diffusion technique. RESULTS: The draft genome of strain NCCP-436T contains 43 contigs with a total genome size of 3,683,517 bp (61.4% GC content). There are 3,452 predicted genes, including 60 tRNAs, 7 rRNAs and 12 sRNAs. CRISPR analysis revealed two CRISPR arrays with lengths of 1103 bp and 867 bp. Strain NCCP-436T was highly resistant to fluoroquinolone, ß-lactam, cephalosporin, aminoglycoside, penicillin, rifamycin, macrolide, glycopeptide, trimethoprim/sulfonamide and tetracycline antibiotic classes. Additionally, 22 antibiotic resistance genes, 313 virulence genes and 253 pathogen-host interactor genes were predicted. Comparison of the average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridisation values with the closely-related strain Pseudomonas khazarica (TBZ2) was found to be 82.08% and 34.90%, respectively, illustrating strain NCCP-436T as a potentially new species of Pseudomonas. CONCLUSION: Substantial number of antibiotic resistance and virulence genes and homology with human pathogens were predicted, exposing the pathogenic and zoonotic potential of strain NCCP-436T to public health. These findings may be used to better understand the genomic epidemiological features and drug resistance mechanisms of pathogenic Pseudomonas spp. in Pakistan.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 799: 149450, 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426357

RESUMO

Though emergence of multi-drug resistant bacteria in the environment is a demonstrated worldwide phenomenon, limited research is reported about the prevalence of resistant bacteria in fecal ecology of neonatal calf diarrhea (NCD) animals in Pakistan. The present study aimed to identify and assess the prevalence of bacterial pathogens and their resistance potential in the fecal ecology of NCD diseased animals of Pakistan. The presence of antibiotic resistance genes (blaTEM, blaNDM-1, blaCTX-M, qnrS) was also investigated. A total of 51 bacterial isolates were recovered from feces of young diarrheic animals (n = 11), collected from 7 cities of Pakistan and identified on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence and phylogenetic analysis. Selected isolates were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility by disc diffusion method while polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to characterize the blaTEM, blaNDM-1, blaCTX-M, qnrS and mcr-1 antibiotic resistance genes. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences (Accession numbers: LC488898 to LC488948), all isolates were identified that belonged to seventeen genera with the highest prevalence rate for phylum Proteobacteria and genus Bacillus (23%). Antibiotic susceptibility explained the prevalence of resistance in isolates ciprofloxacin (100%), ampicillin (100%), sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (85%), tetracycline (75%), amoxicillin (55%), ofloxacin (50%), ceftazidime (45%), amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (45%), levofloxacin (30%), cefpodoxime (25%), cefotaxime (25%), cefotaxime/clavulanic acid (20%), and imipenem (10%). MICs demonstrated that almost 90% isolates were multi-drug resistant (against at least three antibiotics), specially against ciprofloxacin, and tetracycline with the highest resistance levels for Shigella sp. (NCCP-421) (MIC-CIP up to 75 µg mL-1) and Escherichia sp. (NCCP-432) (MIC-TET up to 250 µg mL-1). PCR-assisted detection of antibiotic resistance genes showed that 54% isolates were positive for blaTEM gene, 7% isolates were positive for blaCTX-M gene, 23% isolates were positive for each of qnrS and mcr-1 genes, 23% isolates were co-positive in combinations of qnrS and mcr-1 genes and blaTEM and mcr-1 genes, whereas none of the isolate showed presence of blaNDM-1 gene.


Assuntos
Preparações Farmacêuticas , beta-Lactamases , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Paquistão , Filogenia , Saúde Pública , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , beta-Lactamases/genética
10.
BMC Res Notes ; 14(1): 296, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344424

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To decipher the diversity of unique ectoine-coding housekeeping genes in the genus Halomonas. RESULTS: In Halomonas, 1,4,5,6-Tetrahydro-2-methyl-4-pyrimidinecarboxylic acid has a crucial role as a stress-tolerant chaperone, a compatible solute, a cell membrane stabilizer, and a reduction in cell damage under stressful conditions. Apart from the current 16S rRNA biomarker, it serves as a blueprint for identifying Halomonas species. Halomonas elongata 1H9 was found to have 11 ectoine-coding genes. The presence of a superfamily of conserved ectoine-coding among members of the genus Halomonas was discovered after genome annotations of 93 Halomonas spp. As a result of the inclusion of 11 single copy ectoine coding genes in 32 Halomonas spp., genome-wide evaluations of ectoine coding genes indicate that 32 Halomonas spp. have a very strong association with H. elongata 1H9, which has been proven evidence-based approach to elucidate phylogenetic relatedness of ectoine-coding child taxa in the genus Halomonas. Total 32 Halomonas species have a single copy number of 11 distinct ectoine-coding genes that help Halomonas spp., produce ectoine under stressful conditions. Furthermore, the existence of the Universal stress protein (UspA) gene suggests that Halomonas species developed directly from primitive bacteria, highlighting its role during the progression of microbial evolution.


Assuntos
Halomonas , Diamino Aminoácidos , Halomonas/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S
11.
Environ Pollut ; 289: 117863, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352636

RESUMO

Bio-stimulation of the indigenous microbial community is considered as an effective strategy for the bioremediation of polluted environments. This examination explored the near effects of various bio-stimulants on pyrene degradation, prokaryotic community compositions, and functions using 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing and qPCR. At first, the results displayed significant differences (p < 0.05) between the prokaryotic community structures of the control group, PYR (contains pyrene only), and bio-stimulants amended groups. Among the bio-stimulants, biochar, oxalic acid, salicylate, NPK, and ammonium sulfate augmented the pyrene degradation potential of microbial communities. Moreover, the higher abundance of genera, such as Flavobacterium, Hydrogenophaga, Mycobacterium, Rhodococcus, Flavihumibacter, Pseudomonas, Novosphingobium, etc., across the treatments indicated that these genera play a vital role in pyrene metabolism. Based on the higher abundance of GP-RHD and nidA genes, we speculated that Gram-positive prokaryotic communities are more competent in pyrene dissipation than Gram-negative. Furthermore, the marked abundance of nifH, and pqqC genes in the NPK and SA treatments, respectively, suggested that different bio-stimulants might enrich certain bacterial assemblages. Besides, the significant distinctions (p < 0.05) between the bacterial consortia of HA (humic acid) and SA (sodium acetate) groups from NPK, OX (oxalic acid), UR (urea), NH4, and SC (salicylate) groups also suggested that different bio-stimulants might induce distinct ecological impacts influencing the succession of prokaryotic communities in distinct directions. This work provides new insight into the bacterial degradation of pyrene using the bio-stimulation technique. It suggests that it is equally important to investigate the community structure and functions along with studying their impacts on degradation when devising a bio-stimulation technology.


Assuntos
Mycobacterium , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Biodegradação Ambiental , Mycobacterium/genética , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Pirenos , RNA Ribossômico 16S
12.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 569020, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34367076

RESUMO

Investigating the distribution of hydrogen-producing bacteria (HPB) is of great significance to understanding the source of biological hydrogen production in geothermal environments. Here, we explored the compositions of HPB populations in the sediments of hot springs from the Daggyai, Quzhuomu, Quseyongba, and Moluojiang geothermal zones on the Tibetan Plateau, with the use of Illumina MiSeq high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA genes and hydA genes. In the present study, the hydA genes were successfully amplified from the hot springs with a temperature of 46-87°C. The hydA gene phylogenetic analysis showed that the top three phyla of the HPB populations were Bacteroidetes (14.48%), Spirochaetes (14.12%), and Thermotogae (10.45%), while Proteobacteria were absent in the top 10 of the HPB populations, although Proteobacteria were dominant in the 16S rRNA gene sequences. Canonical correspondence analysis results indicate that the HPB community structure in the studied Tibetan hot springs was correlated with various environmental factors, such as temperature, pH, and elevation. The HPB community structure also showed a spatial distribution pattern; samples from the same area showed similar community structures. Furthermore, one HPB isolate affiliated with Firmicutes was obtained and demonstrated the capacity of hydrogen production. These results are important for us to understand the distribution and function of HPB in hot springs.

13.
Extremophiles ; 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402982

RESUMO

The haloalkalitolerant bacterium Egicoccus halophilus EGI 80432T exhibits high adaptability to saline-alkaline environment. The salinity adaptation mechanism of E. halophilus EGI 80432T was fully understood based on transcriptome analyses and physiological responses; however, the alkaline response mechanism has not yet been investigated. Here, we investigated the alkaline response mechanism of E. halophilus EGI 80432T by a transcriptomic comparison. In this study, the genes involved in the glycolysis, TCA cycle, starch, and trehalose metabolism for energy production and storage, were up-regulated under highly alkaline condition. Furthermore, genes responsible for the production of acidic and neutral metabolites, i.e., acetate, pyruvate, formate, glutamate, threonine, and ectoine, showed increased expression under highly alkaline condition, compared with the control pH condition. In contrast, the opposite results were observed in proton capture or retention gene expression profiles, i.e., cation/proton antiporters and ATP synthases. The above results revealed that E. halophilus EGI 80432T likely tended to adopt an "acidic metabolites production" strategy in response to a highly alkaline condition. These findings would pave the way for further studies in the saline-alkaline adaptation mechanisms of E. halophilus EGI 80432T, and hopefully provide a new insight into the foundational theory and application in ecological restoration with saline-alkaline strains.

14.
Sci Total Environ ; 790: 148235, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380255

RESUMO

Streptomycetes have been, for over 70 years, one of the most abundant sources for the discovery of new antibiotics and clinic drugs. However, in recent decades, it has been more and more difficult to obtain new phylotypes of the genus Streptomyces by using conventional samples and culture strategies. In this study, we combined culture-dependent and culture-independent approaches to better explore the Streptomyces communities in desert sandy soils. Moreover, two different culture strategies termed Conventional Culture Procedure (CCP) and Streptomycetes Culture Procedure (SCP) were employed to evaluate the isolation efficiency of Streptomyces spp. with different intensities of selectivity. The 16S rRNA gene amplicon analysis revealed a very low abundance (0.04-0.37%, average 0.22%) of Streptomyces in all the desert samples, conversely the percentage of Streptomyces spp. obtained by the culture-dependent method was very high (5.20-39.57%, average 27.76%), especially in the rhizospheric sand soils (38.40-39.57%, average 38.99%). Meanwhile, a total of 1589 pure cultures were isolated successfully, dominated by Streptomyces (29.52%), Microvirga (8.06%) and Bacillus (7.68%). In addition, 400 potential new species were obtained, 48 of which belonged to the genus Streptomyces. More importantly, our study demonstrated the SCP strategy which had highly selectivity could greatly expand the number and phylotypes of Streptomyces spp. by almost 4-fold than CCP strategy. These results provide insights on the diversity investigation of desert Streptomyces, and it could be reference for researchers to bring more novel actinobacteria strains from the environment into culture.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Streptomyces , Actinobacteria/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Microbiologia do Solo , Streptomyces/genética
15.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 172: 112894, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464821

RESUMO

Natural processes and human activities exert important impacts on elemental cycling in coastal sediments, which has not been well documented. Sediments in the Bohai Sea and North Yellow Sea were investigated to assess the impacts of the Yellow River inputs and/or anthropogenic perturbations on diagenesis of iron and sulfur. Labile iron (0.5 M HCl-extractable iron) in the sediments is low due to iron-poor nature of source materials. Dynamic regimes and low availability of labile organic carbon (OC) result in relatively low sulfide contents in deltaic sediments. However, low but continuous supply of labile OC exported from an anthropogenically impacted bay could substantially elevate sulfide burial in sediments near the bay. Neither offshore oil exploitations nor frequent algal blooms in the seas have detectable influences on iron and sulfur diagenesis in the sediments. The sediments are capable of quickly consuming porewater sulfide by reaction with reactive iron under the current conditions.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346863

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative, motile, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped strains, FJAT-53720T and FJAT-53726, were isolated from rhizosphere sediment of plant Cyperus malaccensis. Phylogenetic analysis based on their 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strains FJAT-53720T and FJAT-53726 were affiliated to the genus Shewanella (forming an independent cluster) with the highest sequence similarity to the type strain of Shewanella algae. Optimum growth of both strains was observed at 30 °C and pH 7. The respiratory quinones were Q-7, Q-8 and MK-7. The polar lipid profile included phosphatidylmethyl ethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminophospholipid and four unknown phospholipids. The major fatty acids of strains FJAT-53720T and FJAT-53726 were iso-C15:0, C17 : 1 ω8c and summed feature 3. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain FJAT-53720T was 55.6 mol%. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between FJAT-53720T and FJAT-53726 were 97.4 and 77.9 %, confirming that they were similar species and hence FJAT-53720T was selected for further analysis. The ANI and dDDH values between FJAT-53720T and other members of the genus Shewanella were below the cut-off level (95-96 %; 70 %) for species delineation. Based on the above results, FJAT-53720T represents a novel species of the genus Shewanella, for which the name Shewanella cyperi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is FJAT-53720T (=KCTC 82444T=GDMCC 1.2207T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Shewanella , Anaerobiose , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , Cyperus/microbiologia , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Shewanella/classificação , Shewanella/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/química , Áreas Alagadas
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424833

RESUMO

The present study was carried out to re-clarify the taxonomic relationship of Caldicellulosiruptor acetigenus, Caldicellulosiruptor lactoaceticus and Caldicellulosiruptor kristjanssonii. The 16S rRNA sequence similarities between these species of the genus Caldicellulosiruptor were above the threshold values (98.65%) for bacterial species delineation. Similarly, the digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide and amino acid identity values were greater than the thresholds for bacterial species delineation. In phylogenetic (based on 16S rRNA gene sequences) and phylogenomic trees Caldicellulosiruptor acetigenus, Caldicellulosiruptor lactoaceticus and Caldicellulosiruptor kristjanssonii clade together. The results of our analysis indicated that these three taxa are conspecific. Therefore, Caldicellulosiruptor lactoaceticus Mladenovska et al. 1997 and Caldicellulosiruptor kristjanssonii Bredholt et al. 1999 should be reclassified as later heterotypic synonyms of Caldicellulosiruptor acetigenus (Nielsen et al. 1994) Onyenwoke et al. 2006.


Assuntos
Caldicellulosiruptor , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Caldicellulosiruptor/classificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
18.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(8): 5067-5074, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302507

RESUMO

Strain SZY PN-1 T, representing a novel Gram-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped and yellow-pigmented bacterium, was isolated from a skin sample of a healthy Chinese male. Growth occurred at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and 10-37 â„ƒ (optimum, 30 â„ƒ) with 0-1.0% (w/v) NaCl in R2A agar. Comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain SZY PN-1 T shared high similarities with two invalid-published species, "Sandaracinobacter sibiricus" RB16-17 (97.1%) and "Sandaracinobacter neustonicus" JCM 30734 (96.6%), respectively. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences together with protein-concatemer tree showed that SZY PN-1 T formed a separate branch within the family Sphingosinicellaceae. The DNA G + C content of the strain SZY PN-1 T was 65.0% (genome). The polar lipid profile included phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, two sphingoglycolipids, diphosphatidylglycerol, five unidentified glycolipids, and seven unidentified lipids. The predominant fatty acids (> 10.0%) were identified as C18:1 ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c, C17:1 ω6c, C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c. The major respiratory quinone was Q-10. Based on the phenotypic and genotypic features, a novel genus and species, Sandaracinobacteroides hominis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed, with type strain SZY PN-1 T (= KCTC 82150 T = NBRC 114675 T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Fosfolipídeos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Humanos , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona
19.
Environ Res ; 200: 111708, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34280417

RESUMO

The removal of toxic heavy metal ions from contaminated environments is a great challenge and requires an alternative rapid, efficient, economical bioremediation approach. Henceforth, bioflocculant producing endophytic actinobacterial sp. was isolated from heavy metal contaminated marine environments for heavy metal biosorption process. After molecular characterization, the isolated actinomycete starin was Nocardiopsis sp. GRG 3 (KT235642). It was indicated that the maximum flocculating activity of 80.90% with glucose, and yield is 4.52 g L1. The optimum flocculating activity was reached at pH 7 in the presence of CaCl2 ions. Further, the bioflocculent produced Nocardiopsis sp. GRG 3 (KT235642) was characterized by fourier transform infrared analysis spectra (FTIR) and displayed the presence of carboxyl, hydroxyl, amino groups and characteristic of more polysaccharide and protein. The heavy metal sorption by bioflocculant Nocardiopsis sp. GRG 3 (KT235642) was effectively removed 55.90% Cd, 85.90% Cr, 74.7% Pb, and 51.90% Hg. Therefore, this study was proved that the bioflocculant derived from endophytic actinobacteria, Nocardiopsis sp. GRG 3 (KT235642) as a effective alternative method for decreasing the heavy metals towards sustainable environmental management.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Metais Pesados , Actinomyces , Biodegradação Ambiental , Floculação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
20.
mSystems ; 6(4): e0025221, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34282939

RESUMO

"Candidatus Bathyarchaeia" is a phylogenetically diverse and widely distributed lineage often in high abundance in anoxic submarine sediments; however, their evolution and ecological roles in terrestrial geothermal habitats are poorly understood. In the present study, 35 Ca. Bathyarchaeia metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) were recovered from hot spring sediments in Tibet and Yunnan, China. Phylogenetic analysis revealed all MAGs of Ca. Bathyarchaeia can be classified into 7 orders and 15 families. Among them, 4 families have been first discovered in the present study, significantly expanding the known diversity of Ca. Bathyarchaeia. Comparative genomics demonstrated Ca. Bathyarchaeia MAGs from thermal habitats to encode a large variety of genes related to carbohydrate degradation, which are likely a metabolic adaptation of these organisms to a lifestyle at high temperatures. At least two families are potential methanogens/alkanotrophs, indicating a potential for the catalysis of short-chain hydrocarbons. Three MAGs from Family-7.3 are identified as alkanotrophs due to the detection of an Mcr complex. Family-2 contains the largest number of genes relevant to alkyl-CoM transformation, indicating the potential for methylotrophic methanogenesis, although their evolutionary history suggests the ancestor of Ca. Bathyarchaeia was unable to metabolize alkanes. Subsequent lineages have acquired the ability via horizontal gene transfer. Overall, our study significantly expands our knowledge and understanding of the metabolic capabilities, habitat adaptations, and evolution of Ca. Bathyarchaeia in thermal environments. IMPORTANCE Ca. Bathyarchaeia MAGs from terrestrial hot spring habitats are poorly revealed, though they have been studied extensively in marine ecosystems. In this study, we uncovered the metabolic capabilities and ecological role of Ca. Bathyarchaeia in hot springs and give a comprehensive comparative analysis between thermal and nonthermal habitats to reveal the thermal adaptability of Ca. Bathyarchaeia. Also, we attempt to determine the evolutionary history of methane/alkane metabolism in Ca. Bathyarchaeia, since it appears to be the first archaea beyond Euryarchaeota which contains the mcrABG genes. The reclassification of Ca. Bathyarchaeia and significant genomic differences among different lineages largely expand our knowledge on these cosmopolitan archaea, which will be beneficial in guiding the future studies.

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