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1.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 76: 103350, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058320

RESUMO

Lead (Pb) is recognized as a potent inducer of synaptic toxicity generally associated with reduced synaptic transmission and increased neuronal fiber excitability, becoming an environmental risk for neurodegenerative processes. Despite numerous toxicological studies on Pb have been directed to the developing brain, attention concerning long-term consequences of pubertal chronic Pb exposure on neuronal activity is still lacking. Thus, we exposed 4-week-old male mice to 0.2 % lead acetate solution for one month, then, conducted behavioral tests or extracted brain homogenate from mice prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus at the age of 4, 13 and 16-month-old respectively. Our results showed that treated mice exhibited an evident increase in latency to reach platform following pubertal Pb exposure and aging. The increase of 8-OHdG revealed evident neural DNA oxidative damage across time upon pubertal Pb exposure. In the hippocampus of lead exposed mice at three age nodes, the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor precursor (proBDNF) increased, while that of mature BDNF (mBDNF), cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) and phosphorylated CREB (pCREB) decreased compared with the control group. Furthermore, the expression of BACE1 protein and tau phosphorylation level in PFC and hippocampus increased, APP mRNAs in PFC and prolonged induction of BACE1 in hippocampus. Our results show that chronic Pb exposure from pubertal stage onward can either initiate divergent synaptic-related gene expression patterns in adulthood or trigger time-course of neurodegenerative profile within the PFC or hippocampus, which can contribute consistent deficits of cognition across subsequent age-nodes.

2.
Small ; 16(5): e1905842, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916666

RESUMO

Rechargeable Zn/MnO2 batteries using mild aqueous electrolytes are attracting extensive attention due to their low cost, high safety, and environmental friendliness. However, the charge-storage mechanism involved remains a topic of controversy so far. Also, the practical energy density and cycling stability are still major issues for their applications. Herein, a free-standing α-MnO2 cathode for aqueous zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) is directly constructed with ultralong nanowires, leading to a rather high energy density of 384 mWh g-1 for the entire electrode. Greatly, the H+ /Zn2+ coinsertion mechanism of α-MnO2 cathode for aqueous ZIBs is confirmed by a combined analysis of in situ X-ray diffractometry, ex situ transmission electron microscopy, and electrochemical methods. More interestingly, the Zn2+ -insertion is found to be less reversible than H+ -insertion in view of the dramatic capacity fading occurring in the Zn2+ -insertion step, which is further evidenced by the discovery of an irreversible ZnMn2 O4 layer at the surface of α-MnO2 . Hence, the H+ -insertion process actually plays a crucial role in maintaining the cycling performance of the aqueous Zn/α-MnO2 battery. This work is believed to provide an insight into the charge-storage mechanism of α-MnO2 in aqueous systems and paves the way for designing aqueous ZIBs with high energy density and long-term cycling ability.

3.
Biosci Rep ; 40(1)2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 'Metabolic memory' of early hyperglycaemic environment has been frequently suggested in the progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells are crucial targets for DR initiation following hyperglycaemia. Astragalus polysaccharides (APS) has been long used as a traditional Chinese medicine in treating diabetes. In the present study, the preventive effects and mechanisms of APS on metabolic memory-induced RPE cell death were investigated. METHODS: The expressions of miR-204 and SIRT1 were determined by reverse transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). Dual luciferase assay was applied to detect the potential targeting effects of miR-204 on SIRT1. SIRT1, ER stress and apoptosis related proteins were monitored using Western blotting. Apoptosis was assessed by TUNEL assay and Annexin V/PI staining followed by flow cytometry analysis. MiR-204 mimics and shSIRT1 were applied for miR-204 overexpression and SIRT1 knockdown, respectively. RESULTS: High glucose exposure induced metabolic memory, which was accompanied with sustained dysregulation of miR-204/SIRT1 axis, high level of ER stress and activation of apoptotic pathway even after replacement with normal glucose. Pre-treatment with APS concentration-dependently reversed miR-204 expression, leading to disinhibition of SIRT1 and alleviation of ER stress-induced apoptosis indicated by decreased levels of p-PERK, p-IRE-1, cleaved-ATF6, Bax, cleaved caspase-12, -9, -3, and increased levels of Bcl-2 and unleaved PARP. The effects of APS on RPE cells were reversed by either miR-204 overexpression or SIRT1 knockdown. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that APS inhibited ER stress and subsequent apoptosis via regulating miR-204/SIRT1 axis in metabolic memory model of RPE cells.

4.
Prev Chronic Dis ; 17: E03, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of vitamin D supplementation on blood pressure has been explored in previous meta-analyses, but whether the association is causal in the general population is still unknown. We evaluated the association comprehensively and quantitatively. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Embase for relevant cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). We used a 2-step generalized least-squares method to assess the dose-response association of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) and hypertension and a fixed-effects model to pool the weighted mean differences (WMDs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) of blood pressure across RCTs. RESULTS: We identified 11 cohort studies and 27 RCTs, with 43,320 and 3,810 participants, respectively. The dose-response relationship between circulating 25(OH)D levels and hypertension risk was approximately L-shaped (Pnonlinearity = .04), suggesting that the risk of hypertension increased substantially below 75 nmol/L as 25(OH)D decreased, but it remained significant over the range of 75-130 nmol/L. However, pooled results of RCTs showed that there was no significant reduction in systolic blood pressure (WMD, -0.00 mm Hg; 95% CI, -0.71 to 0.71) or diastolic blood pressure (WMD, 0.19 mm Hg; 95% CI, -0.29 to 0.67) after vitamin D intervention. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this meta-analysis indicate that supplementation with vitamin D does not lower blood pressure in the general population. RCTs with long-term interventions and a sufficient number of participants who have low levels of vitamin D are needed to validate these findings.

5.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(1): 10, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907353

RESUMO

Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2O (UBE2O) is a large E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme that possesses both E2 and E3 ligase activities. Ectopic UBE2O overexpression is associated with a variety of human diseases, especially cancers. However, the expression profile and functional biology of UBE2O in human breast cancer (BC) remain unclear. In this study, we found that UBE2O was significantly overexpressed in human BC tissues and cells. Patients with high UBE2O expression tended to have a high risk of metastasis and poor prognosis. In vitro assays revealed that UBE2O promoted BC cell proliferation and epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) and endowed BC cells with cancer stemness properties (CSPs). UBE2O knockdown in MDA-MB-231 cells suppressed tumour growth and lung metastasis in MDA-MB-231 xenograft mouse models. Mechanistically, UBE2O functioned as a ubiquitin enzyme of AMPKα2, promoting its ubiquitination and degradation and thus activating the mTORC1 signal pathway and contributing to BC oncogenesis and metastasis. Furthermore, as a downstream factor of the UBE2O/AMPKα2/mTORC1 axis, the oncoprotein MYC transcriptionally promoted UBE2O and formed a positive feedback loop in human BC. Collectively, our study demonstrated that UBE2O/AMPKα2/mTORC1-MYC forms a positive feedback loop in human BC cells that regulates BC cell proliferation and EMT and endows BC cells with CSPs.

6.
Cell Host Microbe ; 27(1): 115-128.e8, 2020 01 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917956

RESUMO

Antiviral immunity in insects is mediated by the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway. Viruses evade antiviral RNAi by expressing virulence factors known as viral suppressors of RNAi (VSR). Here, we report the identification of VINR, a Drosophila VSR-interacting long non-coding (lnc) RNA that activates non-canonical innate immune signaling upon detection of the dsRNA-binding VSR of Drosophila C virus (DCV). VINR is required for the induction of antimicrobial peptide (AMP) genes but dispensable for antiviral RNAi. VINR functions by preventing the ubiquitin proteasome-dependent degradation of Cactin, a coiled-coil and arginine-serine-rich domain-containing protein that regulates a non-cannonical antimicrobial pathway for AMP induction. CRISPR-Cas9 knockout of VINR in Drosophila cells enhances DCV replication independently of antiviral RNAi, and VINR-knockout adult flies exhibit enhanced disease susceptibility to DCV and bacteria. Our findings reveal a counter counter-defense strategy activated by a lncRNA in response to the viral suppression of the primary antiviral RNAi immunity.

7.
J Hum Genet ; 65(3): 281-285, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813936

RESUMO

Association between vitamin D receptor (VDR) genetic polymorphism and obesity was observed in several case-control studies. This study hypothesized that these associations could be verified in family-based study. We aimed at investigating the associations between VDR SNPs and obesity (BMI ≥ 28 kg/m2) by case-control study with 688 subjects and family-based study with 419 pedigrees. The results of case-control study suggested that rs3847987 (AC vs CC, Adjusted OR: 1.938, 95% CI: 1.359-2.763, P = 0.000405) was associated with obesity. Allele C of rs3847987 was risk factors for obesity (P = 0.006). Furthermore, association of rs3847987 with BMI was verified in family-based study (Z = 2.077, P = 0.037811). In addition, sibling with AC genotype of rs3847987 had significant higher BMI than CC genotype in the same family (P = 0.03). Therefore, it could be concluded that VDR genetic polymorphism (rs3847987) may be associated with obesity.

8.
Virus Res ; 276: 197807, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707001

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to knock out two non-essential gene fragments (TC7L-TK2L and TJ2R) related to virulence, immunomodulation, and host range in the vaccinia virus Tian Tan strain (VTT), and combining with double-label screening and exogenous screening marker knockout techniques to construct attenuated strains with multiple gene deletions(rVTT-TC-TJ). The shuttle plasmids pSK-TC and pSK-TJ were constructed by designing 2 pairs of recombinant arms, combined with poxvirus early and late complex strong promoter pE/L and exogenous screening marker enhanced green fluorescent protein(EGFP). The results showed that knocking out the two gene fragments does not affect the replication ability of the virus and displays a good genetic stability. Furthermore, a series of in vivo and in vitro experiments demonstrate that although virulence of rVTT-TC-TJ is attenuated significantly, high immunogenicity was maintained. These results support the potential development of rVTT-TC-TJ as a safe viral vector or vaccine.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 708: 134876, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740062

RESUMO

The bacterial communities on microplastics in marine and freshwater environments have been described by many studies. However, the migration and transportation processes of bacterial communities on microplastics in estuarine areas remain unclear. In this study, the bacterial communities on three substrates (microplastics, surface water and sediment) in estuarine areas (the Haihe Estuary (HHE) in Bohai Bay, China) were investigated based on 16S rRNA sequencing. The mean OTUs of the three substrates - water, microplastics and sediments - were 1091, 2213 and 3419, respectively. The partitioning of the OTUs among the three substrates indicated that the microplastics could be messengers facilitating the bacterial transportation between water and sediment. According to nMDS and relative abundance analyses, it was found that the microplastics enriched the particular bacteria (e.g., Halobacteriaceae and Pseudoalteromonadaceae) and weakened the influence of environmental variation. In addition, taxonomic and metabolic-pathway analyses indicated that the abundance of potentially pathogenic bacteria (e.g., Pseudomonas and Bacillus) on microplastics was significantly higher than that in the ambient environment. Meanwhile, the microplastic polymer types had little effect on the abundance and structure of the bacterial communities. Compared with surface water and sediments, microplastics could be a good habitat for bacterial communities and could lead to potential ecological risks because of the high stability, pathogenicity and stress tolerance of the bacterial communities on microplastics.

10.
Hum Mutat ; 41(1): 212-221, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489982

RESUMO

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is one of the most common X-linked enzymopathies caused by G6PD gene variant. We aimed to provide the characteristics of G6PD deficiency and G6PD gene variant distribution in a large Chinese newborn screening population. We investigated the prevalence of G6PD in China from 2013 to 2017. Then, we examined G6PD activity and G6PD gene in representative Chinese birth cohort to explore the distribution of G6PD gene variant in 2016. We then performed multicolor melting curve analysis to classify G6PD gene variants in 10,357 neonates with activity-confirmed G6PD deficiency, and DNA Sanger sequencing for G6PD coding exons if hot site variants were not found. The screened population, organizations, and provinces of G6PD deficiency were increased from 2013 to 2017 in China. The top five frequency of G6PD gene variants were c.1376G>T, c.1388G>A, c.95A>G, c.1024C>T, and c.871G>A and varied in different provinces, with regional and ethnic features, and four pathogenic variant sites (c.152C>T, c.290A>T, c.697G>C, and c.1285A>G) were first reported. G6PD deficiency mainly occurs in South China, and the frequency of G6PD gene variant varies in different regions and ethnicities.

11.
Public Health Nutr ; 23(1): 34-40, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474239

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the validity and reproducibility of a thirteen-item FFQ regarding identification of dietary conditions in a rural population in China. DESIGN: A reproducibility study repeated the first FFQ (FFQ1) approximately 4 weeks later (FFQ2). A validity study evaluated the mean of three consecutive 24 h diet recalls as the reference measure. SETTING: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Residents of a rural area in Henan Province, which is located in the central region of China. RESULTS: A total of 295 individuals participated in the reproducibility study. In addition, 123 people agreed to participate in the validity study. Spearman's correlation coefficients between the two FFQ ranged from 0·06 (vegetables) to 0·58 (eggs). Spearman's correlation coefficients between the two methods of collection ranged from 0·01 for cereal to 0·49 for staple foods. The mean of the intraclass correlation coefficients of the two FFQ (FFQ1 v. FFQ2) was 0·19. Bland-Altman analysis indicated good agreement for most food groups across the range of intake for the two studies. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrated that our FFQ design could be used as a representative tool to conduct a dietary evaluation of a rural population.

12.
Environ Int ; 135: 105385, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855802

RESUMO

Estuaries lie between terrestrial/freshwater and marine ecosystems, receive considerable pollutant input from land-based sources, and are considerably influenced by human activities. However, little attention has been paid to combined research on extracellular antibiotic resistance genes (eARGs) and intracellular ARGs (iARGs) in the estuarine environment. In this study, we profiled eARGs and iARGs in sediments from Haihe Estuary, China by adopting high-throughput quantitative PCR and investigated their relationship with mobile genetic elements (MGEs), the bacterial community and environmental factors. The results showed that the abundance of eARGs ranged from 9.06 × 106 to 1.32 × 108 copies/g and that of iARGs ranged from 3.31 × 107 to 2.93 × 108 copies/g, indicating that estuarine sediments were key hotspots of eARGs and iARGs. Additionally, multidrug resistance genes were both highly diverse and abundant in Haihe Estuary, especially in coastal samples. The high abundance of vancomycin and carbapenemase resistance genes may pose a potential health risk to human. Salinity altered the composition and structure of the bacterial community. Partial redundancy analysis showed that the bacterial community and MGEs appeared to be the major drivers of ARG variance in estuarine sediment. This study provides an overview of the distribution of eARG and iARG along the Haihe Estuary and draws attention to the need to control pollutants in estuary ecosystems.

13.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(3): 1069-1077, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872838

RESUMO

As one of the simplest hydrocarbons, methane (CH4) has great potential in the research of superconductors. However, the metallization of CH4 has been an issue for a long time. Here, we report the structure, metallization, and superconductivity of CH4 doped by Be at low pressures, based on first-principles calculations. The result shows that the thermodynamically stable BeCH4 with P1[combining macron] space-group can transform into a metal at ambient pressure. This ternary hydride BeCH4 exhibits a superconductivity of ∼6 K below 25.6 GPa. Interestingly, the superconducting critical temperature of BeCH4 can reach ∼30 K at 80 GPa in the form of an a-P1 space-group phase. The charge transfer from Be to CH4 molecules plays an important role in the superconductivity. Our results present a novel way to realize the metallization of methane at relative pressures and indicate that the doped methane is a potential candidate for seeking high temperature and low pressure superconductivity.

14.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The present cross-sectional study evaluated the association of vitamin D receptor (VDR) variants with serum 25(OH)D3 levels and their interaction on essential hypertension (EH) risk. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1539 patients were eligible in the study population. Two loci in VDR gene (rs2239179, rs2189480) were genotyped by TaqMan probe assays. Logistic regression, Kruskal-Wallis rank test and Chi-square test were used to determine the association among VDR polymorphisms, serum vitamin D metabolites, and the risk of EH. Interaction plots were performed to explain the interaction effects of circulating 25(OH)D3 levels and VDR variants on EH susceptibility. RESULTS: After potential confounding adjustment, we observed that the mutations of VDR (rs2239179/rs2189480) were associated with the increased risk of EH (P < 0.05). Moreover, plasma 25(OH)D3 levels were inversely associated with EH, However, we did not find the association between serum 25(OH)D3 and VDR variants. When comparing with wild-type homozygous and heterozygous genotype carriers with vitamin D sufficiency, hypovitaminosis D and insufficient participants carrying homozygous variant genotype of rs2239179 showed a higher risk of EH, increased by 113% (OR = 2.13, 95% CI: 1.20, 3.80); Notably, the detrimental effect of rs2239179 homozygous variant on EH became stronger in the case of serum 25(OH)D3 <30 ng/ml. However, we did not find the interaction effect between rs2189480 variants and serum 25(OH)D3 levels on the risk of EH. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that the mutations of VDR may accelerate the progression of EH etiology, especially when suffering hypovitaminnosis D and insufficiency.

15.
Inflammation ; 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807961

RESUMO

Brucellosis is a zoonotic infectious disease caused by Brucella infection. Outer membrane protein 25 (Omp25) is closely related to the virulence and immunogenicity of Brucella. However, the molecular mechanism of Omp25 affecting Brucella-mediated macrophage autophagy remains unclear. Our previous study reported that four miRNAs (the upregulation of mmu-miR-146a-5p and mmu-miR-155-5p and downregulation of mmu-miR-149-3p and mmu-miR-5126) were confirmed and revealed the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) profile in RAW264.7 macrophage cells infected with Brucella melitensis Omp25 deletion mutant (∆Omp25 B. melitensis). Here, we predicted the target genes of the four miRNAs by TargetScan, miRanda, and PicTar. GO and KEGG were used for functional enrichment analysis of DEGs profile to reveal the autophagic pathway-associated genes. The overlapped genes, which drawn the autophagic pathway-associated miRNA-mRNA networks by cytoscape software, were identified by intersecting with the predicted target genes and autophagic pathway-associated DEGs. qRT-PCR was performed to validate the mRNAs of networks. The results showed that the autophagic pathway-associated networks of mmu-miR-149-3p-Ptpn5, mmu-miR-149-3p-Ppp2r3c, and mmu-miR-146a-5p-Dusp16 were identified in RAW264.7 macrophage cells infected with ∆Omp25 B. melitensis. Our findings are of great significance in elucidating the function of Omp25, revealing the infection mechanism of Brucella and prophylaxising and treating brucellosis.

16.
Sci Total Environ ; : 134431, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837872

RESUMO

Size, shape and color are the basic parameters of environmental microplastic (MPs). However, the density of microplastics which is an important parameter to influence the fate of MPs in the environment has not been measured. Meanwhile, the MPs characteristics from coastal sediments of Bohai Bay remain unclear. In this study, the concentrations, distribution and composition (shapes and sizes) of MPs were investigated. The average concentration of MPs in the coastal sediments of Bohai Bay was 192.3 ± 138.9 items/kg dw, which was at a moderate pollution level. The MPs with fiber shape (54.5%), small size (52.0%) and low density (PE and PP) were dominant. In addition, flotation experiment showed that most of PE and PP had the higher density compared with seawater. Digestion experiments suggested that the density change of MPs was caused by the co-contribution of biofouling and inorganic minerals. The density increasing rates of PE and PP were 7.4%-12.6% and 12.1%-17.5%, respectively. Finally, we also estimated that the total number of MPs in the sediments of Bohai Sea was 534 trillion, which were significantly higher than that in global ocean surface, suggesting that the coastal sediments could be the sink of MPs.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Multiple studies support a complex relationship between testosterone and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and the transformation of testosterone is affected by several reductases. Thus, we aimed to explore the associations of steroid-5α-reductase type 1 (SRD5A1) gene polymorphism with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and T2DM and the interactive effects of testosterone and genotypes on glycometabolism. METHODS AND RESULTS: A case-control study including 2365 participants was performed. Genomic DNA was extracted from the whole blood and genotyped for the SRD5A1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) rs1691053. Multivariable logistic regression and linear regression were performed to estimate the associations of SRD5A1 rs1691053 alleles and genotypes with glycometabolism. Generalized linear models were used to investigate the modulatory effects of serum testosterone on glycometabolism indexes in males. After multivariable adjustment, the odds ratio (OR) of homozygous CC genotypes in male carriers was 2.62 (95%CI: 1.11-6.18) for IFG. Furthermore, significant associations of SRD5A1 rs1691053 polymorphisms with adverse indices of glycometabolism were observed in males. Interestingly, the opposite associations in females were observed. The interactive associations of SNP and testosterone were found and mutations were more likely to lead unfavorable metabolic phenotypes. CONCLUSION: These results showed that SRD5A1 rs1691053 gene polymorphism was independently associated with glycometabolism. The interaction between a genetic polymorphism from SRD5A1 and testosterone involved glycometabolism was identified in males. Although this preliminary data should be replicated with other rigorous researches, it highlighted the importance of the SNP-testosterone interaction over the present of glycometabolism.

18.
Opt Express ; 27(24): 34888-34900, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878668

RESUMO

This paper proposes a Tchebichef moment (TM)-based image definition assessment (IDA) method that employs the difference in the logarithmic spectra (DLS). To avoid the influence of the original image, the essential element point spread function (PSF) is extracted from the DLS to characterize the IDA function uniquely. The amplification of the PSF spot radius to the defocus amount in the micro-imaging system enhances the featural differences among the DLSs, thereby improving the sensitivity to the defocus amount. The DLS with an obvious geometric feature variation is described by a TM with a low order, which improves the anti-noise performance. The performed simulation and experiment verified the superiority of the proposed method.

19.
BMJ Open ; 9(11): e028736, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712332

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recent data relating to the association between spicy food intake frequency and abdominal obesity are limited, especially in low-income areas. Therefore, the study explored the relationship between spicy food intake frequency and abdominal obesity, and assessed the role of energy intake as a mediator of these associations in a rural Chinese adult population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Rural Chinese adult population. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects from Henan Rural Cohort Study (n=28 773). PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The effects of spicy food intake frequency on abdominal obesity were analysed by restricted cubic spline and logistic regression, and the mediation effect was analysed using the bootstrap method. RESULTS: The adjusted percentages of abdominal obesity were 47.32%, 51.93%, 50.66% and 50.29% in the spicy food intake subgroups of never, 1-2 day/week, 3-5 day/week and 6-7 day/week, respectively. An inverse U-shaped association was found between spicy food intake frequency and abdominal obesity (p<0.01). Compared with subjects who never consumed spicy food, the adjusted ORs (95% CIs) in the 1-2 day/week, 3-5 day/week and 6-7 day/week subgroups were 1.186 (1.093, 1.287), 1.127 (1.038, 1.224) and 1.104 (1.044, 1.169), respectively. Furthermore, the increased odd of abdominal obesity related to more frequent spicy food intake was mediated by higher fat energy intake; the direct and indirect effects were 1.107 (1.053, 1.164) and 1.007 (1.003, 1.012), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The data indicated that spicy food intake increased the risk of abdominal obesity, and fat energy intake may be a mediator of this association in rural Chinese populations. Clarifying the mechanisms will facilitate the development of novel preventive and therapeutic approaches for abdominal obesity. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR-OOC-15006699.

20.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16474, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712608

RESUMO

Caenorhabditis elegans is useful for assessing biological effects of spaceflight and simulated microgravity. The molecular response of organisms to simulated microgravity is still largely unclear. Mitochondrial unfolded protein response (mt UPR) mediates a protective response against toxicity from environmental exposure in nematodes. Using HSP-6 and HSP-60 as markers of mt UPR, we observed a significant activation of mt UPR in simulated microgravity exposed nematodes. The increase in HSP-6 and HSP-60 expression mediated a protective response against toxicity of simulated microgravity. In simulated microgravity treated nematodes, mitochondria-localized ATP-binding cassette protein HAF-1 and homeodomain-containing transcriptional factor DVE-1 regulated the mt UPR activation. In the intestine, a signaling cascade of HAF-1/DVE-1-HSP-6/60 was required for control of toxicity of simulated microgravity. Therefore, our data suggested the important role of mt UPR activation against the toxicity of simulated microgravity in organisms.

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