Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 8.667
Filtrar
1.
J Hum Nutr Diet ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of immunonutrition is controversial compared to standard supplementation with respect to the management of patients with acute pancreatitis. METHODS: An online literature search on four databases (PubMed, Cochrane, Embase and Web of Science) was performed to identify all of the randomised controlled trials assessing the effects of enteral or parenteral immunonutrition in acute pancreatitis. A fixed or random effects model was chosen using revman, version 5.3 (https://revman.cochrane.org). The count data were analysed using the risk ratio (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: Five hundred and sixty-eight patients were included via our search in which 14 articles matched our criteria for enrolling the meta-analysis. Immunonutrition significantly reduced the risk of organ failure (RR = 0.42; 95% CI = 0.26-0.70, P = 0.0008), infectious complications (RR = 0.78; 95% CI = 0.62-0.99; P = 0.04) and mortality (RR = 0.37; 95% CI = 0.21-0.66; P = 0.006). Length of hospital stay was also shorter in patients who received immunonutrition (mean difference = -1.73 days; 95% CI = -2.36 to -1.10; P < 0.00001). Total interventions of patients were decreased (RR = 0.73; 95% CI = 0.55-0.97; P = 0.03). Body mass index in patients with immunonutrition was reduced more than standard nutrition (mean difference = -2.00; 95% CI = -3.96 to -0.04; P = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Immunonutrition support such as glutamine and ω-3 fatty acids is potentially beneficial with respect to improving clinical outcomes in patients with acute pancreatitis.

2.
Plant Dis ; : PDIS07191484RE, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006915

RESUMO

Asparagus stem blight is a regional disease. In the present study, we compared strains of Phomopsis asparagi from six different provinces to determine their biological characteristics and genetic diversity, differences in the pycnidium and conidium production, pathogenicity, and growth rate. Considerable differences were established in the pycnidium and conidium production among the P. asparagi strains from the six studied provinces. The largest pycnidium and conidium production had the strains from Fujian, followed by those from Hainan. The virulence of P. asparagi strains was significantly different but without a correlation with the geographical source of the strain. FJ2 had the highest virulence, followed by HN2, SD4, and SD5, whereas SD5 had the lowest virulence. The colony diameter and dry weight of the strains of asparagus stem blight fungus from the six provinces were substantially different. The colonies of HN1-5 had the largest diameters, whereas those of XT1-5, LT1-3, FJ1-5, and SX6 had smaller diameters. Four primers with good repeatability and strong specificity were selected from 100 intersimple sequence repeat (ISSR) primers. ISSR-PCR amplification was performed on 36 strains of asparagus stem blight fungus, and a large number of repeatable DNA fingerprints were obtained. Most of the amplified fragments were within 300 to 500 bp. In all, 69 total points, 64 multiple points, and 92.75% polymorphism points were established. The number of ISSR gene sites detected by four primers ranged from 14 to 20, with an average of 16 multiple sites. The copolymerization was divided into three groups: XT1-5, LT1-3, and FJ1-5, which were clustered into the first group; SD1-6, SX1-6, and HB1-6, clustered into the second group; and HN1-5 in the third group. The results of the cluster analysis revealed that the strains of the neighboring provinces had a nearer phylogenetic relationship than that between distant ones. Therefore, the system evolution of P. asparagi is related to the geographical distribution of its strains.

3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(18): 9423-9428, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015784

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to clarify potential diagnostic and prognostic values of KLK11 in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: KLK11 levels in 81 primary NPC tissues, 24 recurrent NPC tissues, and 60 nasopharyngeal tissues with chronic mucosal inflammation were determined by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). Then, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were depicted for assessing the diagnostic value of KLK11 in primary and recurrent NPC. Next, correlation between KLK11 level and pathological indexes of NPC patients was analyzed by Chi-square test. Enrolled NPC patients were followed up for 5 years, and the follow-up data were recorded to determine the potential influence of KLK11 on overall survival by Kaplan-Meier method. In addition, Cox regression model was applied for assessing factors that could affect prognosis of NPC patients. RESULTS: It was found that KLK11 level was higher in primary NPC tissues than that in nasopharyngeal tissues with chronic mucosal inflammation. In recurrent NPC tissues, KLK11 was upregulated relative to primary ones. In addition, ROC curves revealed a certain diagnostic value of KLK11 in NPC. Overall survival was worse in primary and recurrent NPC patients expressing a high level of KLK11. By analyzing the pathological indexes of NPC patients, KLK11 level was found to be correlated with age, T stage, and clinical stage of NPC patients. Furthermore, KLK11 level was found to be the risk factor influencing the survival of NPC patients. CONCLUSIONS: KLK11 is upregulated in NPC tissues, and unfavorable to the prognosis of NPC. Besides, it can be utilized as a potential hallmark for diagnosing NPC.

4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(18): 9581-9590, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015801

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) participate in multiple processes of malignant tumors, including glioma. In this study, we aimed to explore the effect of LINC00346 on glioma and its underlying mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) databases were used to analyze the expression patterns and survival risk of LINC00346, miR-128-3p and SUZ RNA binding domain containing 1 (SZRD1) in glioma tissues. The binding sites were predicted by bioinformatic databases, and then, validated by Dual-Luciferase assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP). qRT-PCR and Western blot were performed to evaluate the gene expression levels. CellTiter-Glo® and colony formation assays were used to detect the proliferation of glioma cells. Flow cytometric analysis was used to evaluate the apoptosis of glioma cells. The xenograft models were established to investigate the impact of LINC00346 on tumor growth in vivo. RESULTS: We found that both LINC00346 and SZRD1 expression were negatively related to the poor overall survival rate in glioma patients. However, miR-128-3p showed the opposite effect of survival outcomes. LINC00346 knockdown remarkably restrained cell proliferation both in vitro and in vivo, as well as inducing apoptosis by acting as a molecular sponge of miR-128-3p. Moreover, miR-128-3p bound to SZRD1 3'-UTR in a sequence-specific manner. In addition, LINC00346 knockdown significantly inhibited the expression of SZRD1 and the inhibition could be reversed by miR-128-3p mimics. Furthermore, cell proliferation and apoptosis affected by LINC00346 were partially rescued by modulating miR-128-3p or SZRD1 expression. CONCLUSIONS: LINC00346/miR-128-3p/SZRD1 axis played a crucial role in modulating the malignant progression of glioma, which may serve as a prognostic indicator and a probable therapeutic target for glioma.

5.
Clin Radiol ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036779

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of children with haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) with central nervous system (CNS) involvement, and to investigate the correlation with clinical biochemical tests. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical and MRI data were collected from 118 children with HLH-CNS between January 2012 and June 2019. Patients were grouped according to their MRI findings, and statistical methods were used to test for correlations between the MRI findings and biochemical variables. RESULTS: Patients were divided into three groups, including normal appearance (Group 1, 17/118), diffuse parenchymal volume loss (Group 2, 44/118), and brain parenchyma lesions (Group 3, 57/118) containing three subtypes of brain lesions and HLH-CNS complications. Comparing biochemical values among the three groups revealed a significant difference for all values (p<0.05), except for cell counts in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). A pairwise comparison further showed significant inter-group differences for most of the variables. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient also demonstrated that CSF cell counts (r=0.193, p=0.036), CSF microprotein content (r=0.379, p<0.001), serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST; r=0.521, p<0.001), serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH; r=0.514, p<0.001) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT; r=0.326, p<0.001) correlated positively with the MRI groups, while platelet count (PLT; r=-0.633, p<0.001) and plasma fibrinogen (FIB; r=-0.258, p=0.005) correlated negatively. CONCLUSION: Classification of brain MRI findings of HLH-CNS correlates well with the results of several key biochemical tests. Brain MRI is a promising method to elucidate illness severity and clinical outcomes.

8.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 803-808, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047711

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the environmental contamination degree of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) wards, to offer gui-dance for the infection control and to improve safety practices for medical staff, by sampling and detecting SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid from the air of hospital wards, the high-frequency contact surfaces in the contaminated area and the surfaces of medical staff's protective equipment in a COVID-19 designated hospital in Wuhan, China. METHODS: From March 11 to March 19, 2020, we collected air samples from the clean area, the buffer room and the contaminated area respectively in the COVID-19 wards using a portable bioaerosol concentrator WA-15. And sterile premoistened swabs were used to sample the high-frequency contacted surfaces in the contaminated area and the surfaces of medical staff's protective equipment including outermost gloves, tracheotomy operator's positive pressure respiratory protective hood and isolation clothing. The SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid of the samples were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. During the isolation medical observation period, those medical staff who worked in the COVID-19 wards were detected for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid with oropharyngeal swabs, IgM and IgG antibody in the sera, and chest CT scans to confirm the infection status of COVID-19. RESULTS: No SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid was detected in the tested samples, including the 90 air samples from the COVID-19 wards including clean area, buffer room and contaminated area, the 38 high-frequency contact surfaces samples of the contaminated area and 16 surface samples of medical staff's protective equipment including outermost gloves and isolation clothing. Moreover, detection of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid by oropharyngeal swabs and IgM, IgG antibodies in the sera of all the health-care workers who participated in the treatment for COVID-19 were all negative. Besides, no chest CT scan images of medical staff exhibited COVID-19 lung presentations. CONCLUSION: Good ventilation conditions, strict disinfection of environmental facilities in hospital wards, guidance for correct habits in patients, and strict hand hygiene during medical staff are important to reduce the formation of viral aerosols, cut down the aerosol load, and avoid cross-infection in isolation wards. In the face of infectious diseases that were not fully mastered but ma-naged as class A, it is safe for medical personnel to be equipped at a high level.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave , Betacoronavirus , China , Humanos , Corpo Clínico , Equipamentos de Proteção , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/diagnóstico , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/prevenção & controle
9.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 902-906, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047727

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of salinomycin on the proliferation and apoptosis of oral squamous carcinoma cells and to further understand the mechanisms of these effects. METHODS: The human oral squamous carcinoma cell line CAL-27 was cultured in different concentrations of salinomycin and cisplatin. After co-culture with 0, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 32 µmol/L salinomycin or 0, 1.25, 2.5, 5, 10, 20, 40 and 80 µmol/L cisplatin for 24 hours and 48 hours, the proliferation of oral squamous carcinoma cells were detected by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay. After being exposed to 0, 2, 4, 8 µmol/L salinomycin and 0, 5, 10, 20 µmol/L cisplatin for 48 hours, the cell cycle of oral squamous carcinoma cells was detected by flow cytometry assay, and Western blot analysis was performed to analyze the expressions of cysteine-containing aspartate-specific proteases-3(Caspase-3), cysteine-containing aspartate-specific proteases-9(Caspase-9), poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP), protein kinase B (Akt) and phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-Akt) protein in oral squamous carcinoma cells. RESULTS: Both salinomycin and cisplatin significantly inhibited the proliferation of oral squamous cell carcinoma CAL-27 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. However, compared with the first-line chemotherapeutic drug cisplatin, salinomycin showed stronger anti-proliferation activity in oral squamous carcinoma cells than cisp-latin (P < 0.001). After being exposed to 8 µmol/L salinomycin, CAL-27 cells exhibited markedly higher proportion in quiescent/ first gap phases (40.40%±1.99% vs. 64.46%±0.90%, P < 0.05), and had a significantly lower proportion in synthesis phases and second gap / mitosis phases (24.32%±2.30% vs. 18.73%±0.61%, P < 0.05; 35.01%±1.24% vs. 16.54%±1.31%, P < 0.05) compared with the dimethyl sulfoxide control group; moreover cisplatin didn't show cell-cycle specific effect on CAL-27. Western blot proved that salinomycin could up-regulate the expressions of Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 protein in oral squamous cell carcinoma CAL-27 cells (P < 0.05). At the same time, the levels of PARP, Akt and p-Akt protein were down-regulated (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with cisplatin, salinomycin has a better inhibitory effect on the proliferation of oral squamous carcinoma cells and blocks the cell cycle process at the quiescent / first gap phase. At the same time, salinomycin could trigger apoptosis of oral squamous carcinoma cells and the mechanism is associated with the Akt/p-Akt signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Bucais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Piranos
10.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(9): 737-741, 2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053972

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate and analyze the current situation, screening, clinical characteristics, prevention and treatment of bleeding esophageal varices in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension in Tibet region. Methods: Clinical data of cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension through March 2017 to February 2020 from Tibet region were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Results: 511 cases with liver cirrhosis were included in the study, of which 185 cases (36.20%) had compensated cirrhosis and 326 cases (63.80%) had decompensated cirrhosis. Further analysis of the etiological data of liver cirrhosis showed that 306 cases (59.88%) were of chronic hepatitis B, 113 cases (22.11%) of alcoholic liver disease, and 68 cases (13.31%) of chronic hepatitis B combined with alcoholic liver disease. Among patients with compensated liver cirrhosis, 48 cases (25.95%) underwent endoscopic examination of which 33 diagnosed as high-risk variceal bleeding. However, none of these 33 cases had received non-selective ß-blocker therapy, and only four patients had received endoscopic variceal banding therapy. Among patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis, 83 cases (25.46%) had a history of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, 297 cases (91.10%) had ascites, 23 cases (7.05%) had hepatic encephalopathy, and 3 cases (0.92%) had hepatorenal syndrome. Among the patients with a history of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, 42 cases (50.60%) had received secondary preventive treatment for bleeding esophageal varices, including 39 cases of endoscopic treatment, 1 case of endoscopic combined drug treatment, 3 cases of interventional treatment, and 2 cases of surgical treatment. Conclusion: Chronic hepatitis B and alcoholic liver diseases are the main causes of liver cirrhosis in Tibet region. Moreover, this region lacks screening, prevention and treatment for bleeding esophageal varices in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the screening of high-risk groups to prevent and improve the first-time bleeding, and promote multidisciplinary team to prevent and treat re-bleeding.

11.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(9): 742-746, 2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053973

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of shunt after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in liver cirrhosis accompanied with portal vein thrombosis (PVT). Methods: Forty-four cases with liver cirrhosis accompanied with PVT who underwent TIPS treatment from January 2015 to May 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical baseline data of the patients were collected. Portal vein pressure gradient (PVPG) before and after the surgery was recorded. Shunt patency was observed at 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months after the surgery. The influencing factors were determined by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt was successfully established in all 44 cases. The postoperative PVPG was lower than preoperative (P < 0.01). The shunt patency rate after TIPS in PVT was 18.2% (n = 8). The cumulative shunt patency rates at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after surgery were 95.5%, 90.7%, 90.7%, 86.8% and 74.4%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that diabetes history, platelet level and prothrombin time-international normalized ratio were associated with postoperative shunt dysfunction. Multivariate analysis showed that diabetes history (P = 0.007, OR = 28.606) was an independent risk factor for postoperative shunt dysfunction. Conclusion: TIPS is a safe and feasible procedure, which can effectively reduce the portal pressure in liver cirrhosis accompanied with PVT. Diabetic patients have a higher risk of postoperative shunt dysfunction. Therefore, clinical intervention should be strengthened for high-risk patients.

12.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(10): 990-995, 2020 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053995

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical application of carbon nanoparticles mapping lymph nodes in curative resection for colorectal carcinoma. Methods: Patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer before operation and undergoing radical surgery with intact postoperative pathological data in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University from March 2016 to March 2018 were included in this retrospective case-control study. Those who were diagnosed with ileus, recurrent carcinoma or underwent emergency operation were excluded. A total of 1421 cases were included, with 156 cases in the carbon nanoparticles mapping group and 1265 cases in the control group. Using 1∶3 case control matching based on gender, weight, TNM staging and neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 145 and 435 cases were finally recruited in the carbon nanoparticles mapping group and control group, respectively. Patients in the carbon nanoparticles mapping group underwent preoperative colonoscopy with carbon nanoparticles submucosal injection 2.4 (1.0 - 14.0) days before operation. Carbon nanoparticles of 0.25 ml was injected at 4 points (3, 6, 9 and 12 o'clock each) 0.5-1.0 cm around the tumor. The number of eliminated lymph node, number of positive lymph node and positive rate between the two groups were compared, and the number of eliminated lymph node in different subgroups of T stage, N stage, TNM stage and neoadjuvant chemotherapy was analyzed and compared. Results: After case control matching, total number of eliminated lymph nodes in the carbon nanoparticles mapping group was significantly higher than that in the control group (22.2±11.2 vs. 19.0±9.5, t=3.025, P=0.003). However, no statistically significant differences were found in the number of positive lymph node and lymph node positive rate between two groups (all P>0.05). Subgroup analysis showed that as compared to the control group, total number of eliminated lymph nodes in the carbon nanoparticles mapping group was significantly higher in T3 stage subgroup (median: 22 vs. 18, Z=2.435, P=0.015), N0 stage subgroup (median: 20.5 vs. 17.5, Z=2.772, P=0.006), TNM II stage subgroup (median: 23.5 vs. 19.0, Z=2.654, P=0.008) and neoadjuvant chemotherapy (median: 22.5 vs. 13.0, Z=3.287, P=0.001), while compared to the control group, the number of positive lymph node (median: 4.0 vs. 6.5, Z=-2.530, P=0.011) and the lymph node metastasis degree (median: 16% vs. 31%, Z=-2.862, P=0.004) were lower in the carbon nanoparticles mapping group in N2 subgroup. Conclusion: Carbon nanoparticles mapping lymph nodes can effectively enhance the number of eliminated lymph nodes in curative resection for colorectal cancer.

14.
Anim Genet ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058234

RESUMO

Egg-type ducks and meat-type ducks are predominantly commercial or indigenous and have been subjected to artificial directional selection. These two duck types differ substantially in body shape, production performance and reproductivity. However, the genetic changes associated with phenotypic differences remain unclear. Here, we compared the two duck types at the genomic and transcriptomic levels. We identified a large number of SNPs and genes in genomic divergent regions in terms of FST and θπ values. The corresponding genes were mainly enriched in embryonic development function and metabolic pathway. RNA-seq analysis also revealed differential gene expression in the liver and gonads. The differentially expressed genes were functionally associated with signal transmission and substance metabolism respectively. Furthermore, we found that seven genes were related to differentiation between the two types by both g genome and transcriptome analysis and were plausible candidate genes. These genes were annotated to GO categories of cell development and disease immunity. These findings will enable a better understanding of the artificial selection history of meat and egg ducks and provide a valuable resource for future research on the breeding of these two lineages.

15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(9): 1522-1526, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076611

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the current status of HBV infection before pregnancy among rural childbearing age people in Yunnan province, find out the population at high risk and areas with high incidence and provide evidence for promoting pre-pregnancy aristogenesis and medical interventions for prevention of HBV infection. Methods: The subjects in the study were rural childbearing age people aged 18-49 who received the national free pre pregnancy eugenic health examination in Yunnan province during 2013-2017. Descriptive analysis was conducted for HBsAg positive rate and its difference among various characteristics. The SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 2 180 841 rural childbearing age people were surveyed, the HBsAg positive rate before pregnancy was 3.13%(68 314/2 180 841) in Yunnan. And the HBsAg positive rate was 3.56% (37 694/1 057 376) in men, higher than that in women (2.73%, 30 620/1 123 465). The HBsAg positive rate was highest in age group 41-49 years (3.77%, 3 126/82 931). The HBsAg positive rate was higher in minority ethnic group (3.77%, 27 974/742 518) than in Han ethnicity group (2.81%, 40 024/1 425 870). Moreover, the highest HBsAg positive rate of was 8.20%(851/10 378) in Yao ethnic group. The people with education level of primary education had the highest HBsAg positive rate (3.97%, 17 294/435 219). The HBsAg positive rate was highest in Xishuangbanna Dai autonomous prefecture (6.65%, 3 875/58 232) in Yunnan. Moreover, the HBsAg positive population in severe poor area (3.32%, 19 755/595 665) was higher than those in less poor area (3.17%, 29 750/939 101) or normal areas (2.91%, 18 809/646 075). There was significant difference in HBsAg positive rate among populations in different age groups, ethnic groups, education level groups, areas and economic level groups (P<0.001). Conclusions: The HBsAg positive rate in rural childbearing age people in Yunnan was related to multi factors, including sex, age, ethnic group, education level, area and economic development level. The HBsAg positive rate was higher in men, older age and lower education level, minority ethnic group (especially in Yao ethnic group), from Xishuangbanna prefecture and the poor living conditions in childbearing age population.

16.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(9): 1536-1541, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076614

RESUMO

Objective: To systematically review the quality of life of esophageal cancer patients in China. Methods: Based on CNKI, Wanfang, PubMed and EMbase database, related articles published from January 2009 to August 2019 were systematically retrieved. We extracted the basic information, synthesized and summarized related instruments evaluation results. Results: A total of 127 studies were included (121 in Chinese, 6 in English), involving 26 provinces, of which 79 studies were published in the past 5 years and only 4 studies were multicenter study. More than half of included studies had a sample size of <150 cases (72 studies). Most studies were from the medical care and nursing field (58 studies) and were about the evaluation and comparison of treatments and medicine (40 studies). Six specific tools, including most commonly used Core Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) reported in 74 studies, 4 generic instruments, including most commonly used 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) reported in 17 studies and several self-designed questionnaires, were used. All the instruments focused on physical, physiological and social dimensions, but the specific contents and numbers of items were different. The index of quality of life used were dimension scores and total scores, and only 2 studies were about the health-related utility of esophageal cancer patients. Conclusions: In China, the research on the quality of life of esophageal cancer patients increased rapidly over the past decade, but most were single-center and small sample studies. The esophageal cancer-specific QLQ-C30 and generic SF-36 were the most commonly used instruments in the studies. The medical care and nursing and evaluation of treatments were the main concerns, but the research on health utility scores of esophageal cancer was still limited in China.

17.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(10): 837-841, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076620

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of inpatients with the indication of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) therapy and combined acute pulmonary thromboembolism (APTE). Methods: We retrospectively screened 8 641 inpatients who admitted with the indication of CIED implantation in Fuwai Hospital from January 2014 to May 2019. The clinical characteristics, management strategies and clinical outcome were analyzed for patients diagnosed as APTE. Results: APTE were identified in 45 (5‰) patients in this cohort, there were 18(40%) male patients, the average age was (73±8) years old and body mass index was (27±10) kg/m2.Thirty-two (70%) patients were at intermediate-risk and 13 (30%) at low-risk. Anti-coagulation therapy was initiated in 38(84%) patients, and 30 patients underwent CIED implantation (27 pacemaker, 2 CRT and 1 ICD). No postoperative bleeding or pocket hematoma were detected in the 23 patients taking anticoagulation medication before implantation. During an average of (30±7) months' follow up, thrombus was dissolved in 20 patients, hemorrhage complications were observed in 2 patients (1 cerebral hemorrhage and 1 hematuria), anticoagulation therapy was discontinued in these 2 patients. Among 15 patients without immediate CIED implantation and treated with anticoagulation therapy during hospitalization, 2 patients developed complete paroxysmal Ⅲ° atrioventricular block, and recovered after therapy during hospitalization. Seven patients were re-hospitalized for CIED implantation due to bradycardia. Five patients died during follow-up (3 sudden cardiac death, 1 APTE combined with cerebral infarction, and 1 pulmonary infection). Conclusion: APTE is not rare in patients with the indication of CIED implantation, CIED implantation and anti-coagulation therapy are safe for these patients, and transient atrioventricular block could be detected in APTE patients.

19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036532

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the situation of hospitalized migrant workers with pneumoconiosis in Hunan Province, and to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of pneumoconiosis. Methods: In July 2019, the data of pneumoconiosis migrant workers hospitalized in Hunan Prevention and Treatment Institute for Occupational Diseases from February 2017 to February 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, and the general situation, region distribution, diagnosis and complications were analyzed. Results: From February 2017 to February 2019, a total of 6344 migrant workers with pneumoconiosis were treated, mainly distributed in Zhuzhou city (1283 cases, 20.22%) , Yiyang city (1048 cases, 16.52%) and Loudi city (783 cases, 12.34%) . Coal worker's pneumoconiosis (4242 cases, 66.87%) and silicosis (2089 cases, 32.93%) were the main types of pneumoconiosis. Among them, 1433 cases (22.59%) were in stage I, 1318 cases (20.77%) were in stage II, and 3593 cases (56.64%) were in stage III. The age of the patients was mainly between 41-60 years old (4584 cases, 72.26%) . 3869 patients (60.99%) had complications and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (3046 cases, 48.01%) and pulmonary infection (1703 cases, 26.84%) were the most common complications. There were 1510 patients (23.80%) who had two or more complications. There were significant differences in the number of complications among patients with different diagnosis stages and age stages (χ(2)=764.43, 90.24, P<0.01) . Conclusion: Coal worker's pneumoconiosis and silicosis are the main types of pneumoconiosis among hospitalized migrant workers in Hunan Province, and most patients were in stage III. Older patients with higher pneumoconiosis stage have more complications, early diagnosis and treatment should be taken.

20.
Clin Radiol ; 2020 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32863026

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the feasibility and safety of a fluoroscopy-assisted interventional technique for removal of bullet-shaped self-expanding covered metallic stents from bronchopleural fistulas (BPFs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data for 49 consecutive patients who underwent removal of bullet-shaped self-expanding covered metal stents from October 2010 to November 2019 were analysed retrospectively. Fifty-one stents were removed in all, including 29 large Y-shaped bullet stents, 10 small Y-shaped bullet stents, and 12 branched bullet-shaped stents. The average duration for which tracheal stents were in place was 99.4±8.5 days. RESULTS: Fifty-one stents were removed successfully, of which 49 were directly removed on the first attempt. The time required for stent removal ranged from 7-60 minutes (median time, 22 minutes). In eight cases, the stent was removed by the conventional method (i.e., grasping the upper tip of the stent to collapse and adduct the proximal end), and in 43 by the eversion method (i.e., grasping the distal end of the stent to invert and peel out). CONCLUSIONS: Interventional radiology is a simple, safe, and effective method to extract self-expanding covered metallic bullet-shaped stents, with no need for general anaesthesia and tracheal intubation. It has a short operation time, is well tolerated by patients, and is worthy of clinical application.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA