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1.
Obes Surg ; 30(1): 279-289, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB) can dramatically improve type 2 diabetes independent of weight loss and food restriction. Increasing evidence has demonstrated that brain insulin signaling plays an important role in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes. This study explores whether the antidiabetic effect of DJB is involved in brain insulin signaling activation and brain glucose utilization. METHODS: A diabetic rat model was established by high-fat and high-glucose diet. DJB or sham surgery was performed in diabetic rats. 18F-FDG PET scanning was used to detect glucose uptake in different organs, particularly in the brain. The levels of glucose transporters, glucose utilization-related proteins (HK1 and PFK2), insulin, and insulin signaling pathway-related proteins (InsR, IRS1/2, PI3K, and p-Akt) in the brain tissues were evaluated and analyzed. RESULTS: The results showed that DJB significantly improved basal glycemic parameters and reversed the decreasing glucose uptake in the brains of type 2 diabetic rats. DJB significantly increased not only the expression levels of brain insulin, IRS1/2, PI3K, and p-Akt but also the levels of the glucose utilization enzymes HK1 and PFK2 in the brain. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that enhanced brain insulin signaling transduction and brain glucose utilization play important roles in the antidiabetic effect of DJB.

2.
Exp Ther Med ; 10(6): 2079-2082, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26668598

RESUMO

Thyroid cancer is a common malignant tumor of the endocrine glands. Although surgery is the optimal treatment utilized, the disease is characterized by recurrence and metastasis. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of iodine-131 (131I) 'clear residual thyroid tissue' following surgery on the treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and its effect on the function of the parathyroid gland. A total of 160 patients diagnosed with DTC, who were consecutively admitted to our Hospital between June 2012 and June 2014 and underwent total thyroidectomy or subtotal resection, were included in the present study. After three months, the patients were administered 131I 'clear residual thyroid tissue' treatment and underwent a whole body scan after 1 week to determine whether 'clear residual thyroid tissue' treatment was successful or not. The treatment was repeated within 3 months if not successful. Of the 160 patients, 24 patients had cancer metastasis (15.0%). The average dose of 131I used for the first time was 6.4+1.2 GBq and the treatment was successful in 66 cases (41.3%). The average treatment time was 2.8±0.6 therapy sessions. The results showed that, prior to and following the first treatment and at the end of the follow up, levels of the parathyroid hormone, serum calcium and phosphorus were compared, and no statistically significant difference (P>0.05) was observed. There were 5 patients with persistent hypothyroidism and 8 patients with transient hypothyroidism. The levels of thyroglobulin were significantly decreased, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). A total of 48 patients (30%) with hypothyroidism were identified. In conclusion, the results have shown that DTC resection and 131I 'clear residual thyroid tissue' treatment did not significantly impair the parathyroid function, thereby improving the treatment effect.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24023583

RESUMO

The effects of spraying with kombucha and Chinese herbal kombucha were compared with treatments with tetrandrine in a rat silicosis model. Silica dust (50 mg) was injected into the lungs of rats, which were then treated with one of the experimental treatments for a month. The rats were then killed and the effects of the treatments were evaluated by examining the extent and severity of the histopathological lesions in the animals' lungs, measuring their organ coefficients and lung collagen contents, determining the dry and wet weights of their lungs, and measuring the free silica content of the dried lungs. In addition, lavage was performed on whole lungs taken from selected rats, and the numbers and types of cells in the lavage fluid were counted. The most effective treatment in terms of the ability to reduce lung collagen content and minimize the formation of pulmonary histopathological lesions was tetrandrine treatment, followed by Chinese herbal kombucha and non-Chinese herbal kombucha. However, the lavage fluid cell counts indicated that tetrandrine treatment had severe adverse effects on macrophage viability. This effect was much less pronounced for the kombucha and Chinese herbal kombucha treatments. Moreover, the free silica levels in the lungs of animals treated with Chinese herbal kombucha were significantly lower than those for any other silica-exposed group. These preliminary results indicate that spraying with Chinese herbal kombucha preparations can effectively promote the discharge of silica dust from lung tissues. Chinese herbal kombucha inhalation may thus be a useful new treatment for silicosis and other pneumoconiosis diseases.

4.
Nucl Med Commun ; 34(6): 544-50, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23511926

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the role of ascites metabolism measurement in (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) PET/computed tomography (CT) for auxiliary diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of malignant ascites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study on 55 patients, including 36 with malignant ascites and 19 with benign ascites of undetermined origin, before they underwent their first (18)F-FDG PET/CT scan. The χ(2) -test was used to compare the diagnostic efficiencies among (18)F-FDG PET/CT ascites metabolism measurement, tumor localization, and ascites cytology examination. The standard uptake values of ascites and of the normal liver were measured, respectively, and their ratio, denoted as T/NT, was calculated for each patient. The receiver-operating characteristic curve was used to analyze the diagnostic efficiency of the ascites T/NT, ascites carcinoembryonic antigen, ascites CA1(25), and ascites CA(199), and the linear regression was used to analyze the relationship between the ascites T/NT and the survival time of patients. RESULTS: The metabolic level of malignant ascites was high. The sensitivity and accuracy of ascites metabolism measurement were higher than those of ascites cytology examination (χ(2) =6.98, 4.58; all P's<0.05). The specificity of ascites metabolism measurement was higher than that of (18)F-FDG PET/CT tumor localization (χ(2) =5.70, P<0.05). The T/NT value of malignant ascites (0.68 ± 0.17) was higher than that of benign ascites (0.38 ± 0.10) (t=7.21, P<0.05). The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve of ascites T/NT was larger than those of ascites carcinoembryonic antigen, CA(125), and CA(199). There was a negative correlation between the ascites T/NT and the survival of patients with malignant ascites (r=-0.647, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Ascites metabolism measurement has an important auxiliary diagnostic value in (18)F-FDG PET/CT for ascites patients. The ascites T/NT may be a good index for prognostic evaluation of malignant ascites.


Assuntos
Ascite/complicações , Ascite/metabolismo , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Imagem Multimodal , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ascite/diagnóstico por imagem , Ascite/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22484254

RESUMO

The interactions of rhodium complex RhCl(CO)(TPPTS)(2) [TPPTS=P(m-C(6)H(4)SO(3)Na)(3)] with cationic, nonionic, and anionic surfactants have been investigated by UV-vis, fluorescence and (1)H NMR measurements. The presence of four different species of RhCl(CO)(TPPTS)(2) in cationic cetyltrimethylammonium (CTAB) solution has been demonstrated: free rhodium complex, rhodium complex bound to CTAB monomer, rhodium complex bound to CTAB premicelles, rhodium complex bound to CTAB micelles. The spectroscopy data show that RhCl(CO)(TPPTS)(2) can adsorb on the interface of cationic CTAB micelles by strong electrostatic attraction, weakly bind to the nonionic polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate (Tween 20) micelles by hydrophobic interaction, and does not interact with anion sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micelles due to the strong electrostatic repulsion.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Ródio/química , Tensoativos/química , Cetrimônio , Compostos de Cetrimônio/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Micelas , Polissorbatos/química , Dodecilsulfato de Sódio/química , Solubilidade , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Água/química
7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; (11): 1294-5, 2003 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12809237

RESUMO

Four novel cobalt(III) complexes were found to have high catalytic activities and excellent selectivities in the oxidation of ethylbenzene to acetophenone using O2 as oxidant without need of solvent.

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