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1.
Respirology ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472161

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Influenza virus (FLU), rhinovirus (RV) and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are the most common acute respiratory infections worldwide. Infection can cause severe health outcomes, while therapeutic options are limited, primarily relieving symptoms without attenuating the development of lesions or impaired lung function. We therefore examined the inflammatory response to these infections with the intent to identify common components that are critical drivers of immunopathogenesis and thus represent potential therapeutic targets. METHODS: BALB/c mice were infected with FLU, RV or RSV, and lung function, airway inflammation and immunohistopathology were measured over a 10-day period. Anti-IL-17A mAb was administered to determine the impact of attenuating this cytokine's function on the development and severity of disease. RESULTS: All three viruses induced severe airway constriction and inflammation at 2 days post-infection (dpi). However, only FLU induced prolonged inflammation till 10 dpi. Increased IL-17A expression was correlated with the alterations in lung function and its persistence. Neutralization of IL-17A did not affect the viral replication but led to the resolution of airway hyperresponsiveness. Furthermore, anti-IL-17A treatment resulted in reduced infiltration of neutrophils (in RV- and FLU-infected mice at 2 dpi) and lymphocytes (in RSV-infected mice at 2 dpi and FLU-infected mice at 10 dpi), and attenuated the severity of immunopathology. CONCLUSION: IL-17A is a common pathogenic molecule regulating disease induced by three prevalent respiratory viruses. Targeting the IL-17A pathway may provide a unified approach to the treatment of these respiratory infections alleviating both inflammation-induced lesions and difficulties in breathing.

2.
Nanoscale Horiz ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490855

RESUMO

Low dimensional tellurium is currently of great interest for potential electronic applications due to the experimentally observed Weyl fermions and the excellent carrier mobility, on/off ratios and current-carrying capacity in devices. However, the optical properties of Te nanostructures are not well explored, especially in the field of nonlinear optics. Here, we prepared a series of Te nanostructures by electrochemical exfoliation and liquid phase exfoliation methods, including one-dimensional (1D) Te nanowires (NWs), quasi-1D Te nanorods (NRs), zero-dimensional (0D) Te nanodots (NDs) and two-dimensional (2D) Te nanosheets (NSs). Femtosecond Z-scan measurements reveal unique dimension-dependent nonlinear optical (NLO) properties. 1D Te NWs and quasi-1D Te NRs exhibited higher saturable absorption behavior than 0D Te nanostructures, while the 2D Te NSs are a high performance optical limiting material. Ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy revealed the dimension-dependent exciton dynamics. The reverse saturable absorption of 2D Te NSs is derived from faster exciton relaxation and stronger excited state absorption. This work paves the way for the design of saturable absorbers with high performance and broadens the application of 2D Te in the field of laser protection and other novel ultrafast photonics.

3.
Knowl Based Syst ; : 107494, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539094

RESUMO

Aim: By October 6, 2020, Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was diagnosed worldwide, reaching 3,355,7427 people and 1,037,862 deaths. Detection of COVID-19 and pneumonia by the chest X-ray images is of great significance to control the development of the epidemic situation. The current COVID-19 and pneumonia detection system may suffer from two shortcomings: the selection of hyperparameters in the models is not appropriate, and the generalization ability of the model is poor. Method: To solve the above problems, our team proposed an improved intelligent global optimization algorithm, which is based on the biogeography-based optimization to automatically optimize the hyperparameters value of the models according to different detection objectives. In the optimization progress, after selecting the immigration of suitable index vector and the emigration of suitable index vector, we proposed adding a comparison operation to compare the value of them. According to the different numerical relationships between them, the corresponding operations are performed to improve the migration operation of biogeography-based optimization. The improved algorithm (momentum factor biogeography-based optimization) can better perform the automatic optimization operation. In addition, our team also proposed two frameworks: biogeography convolutional neural network and momentum factor biogeography convolutional neural network. And two methods for detection COVID-19 based on the proposed frameworks. Results: Our method used three convolutional neural networks (LeNet-5, VGG-16, and ResNet-18) as the basic classification models for chest X-ray images detection of COVID-19, Normal, and Pneumonia. The accuracy of LeNet-5, VGG-16, and ResNet-18 is improved by 1.56%, 1.48%, and 0.73% after using biogeography-based optimization to optimize the hyperparameters of the models. The accuracy of LeNet-5, VGG-16, and ResNet-18 is improved by 2.87%, 6.31%, and 1.46% after using the momentum factor biogeography-based optimization to optimize the hyperparameters of the models. Conclusion: Under the same experimental conditions, the performance of the momentum factor biogeography-based optimization is superior to the biogeography-based optimization in optimizing the hyperparameters of the convolutional neural networks. Experimental results show that the momentum factor biogeography-based optimization can improve the detection performance of the state-of-the-art approaches in terms of overall accuracy. In future research, we will continue to use and improve other global optimization algorithms to enhance the application ability of deep learning in medical pathological image detection.

4.
Int J Pharm ; 608: 121077, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487811

RESUMO

Cancer metastasis, which increases the mortality in a short period of time, has been considered as the main challenge in tumor treatment. However, tumor growth suppression also should not be ignored in cancer metastasis treatment. Recently, accumulating evidences have suggested that mitochondria play an important role in mitigating caner metastasis. Nucleus, as the repository of genetic information, plays a key role in cell proliferation. However, it remains elusive that the concurrent impairment of nucleus and mitochondria may achieve better anti-tumor and anti-metastatic effects. Here, we designed a mitochondria-penetrating peptide modified doxorubicin (MPP-Dox) loaded N-(2-hydroxypropyl) methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymer conjugates (PM), as well as a nuclear accumulating HPMA copolymer Dox conjugates (PN) by the nuclear tendency of Dox. After co-delivering the two copolymers (abbreviation for PMN), PM promoted cell apoptosis and inhibited tumor metastasis by damaging mitochondria, whereas PN suppressed cell proliferation and promoted apoptosis by destroying nucleus. Importantly, PM and PN complemented each other as expected. The mitochondrial dysfunction and tumor metastasis inhibition of PM was improved by PN, while cell proliferation suppression and apoptosis by nucleus destroying of PN was enhanced by PM. As a result, tumor growth of breast cancer 4T1 cells in vivo was significantly restrained and lung metastasis was potently decreased and almost eradicated, fully reflecting the advantages of organelle targeting combination therapy. As a consequence, our work showed that concurrent impairment of nucleus and mitochondria was feasible and beneficial to metastatic cancer treatment.

5.
Int J Hyg Environ Health ; 237: 113834, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488179

RESUMO

Rice consumption is an important source of arsenic exposure. Little has known about the impact of rice consumption on arsenic metabolism, which is related to insulin resistance. In this study, we examined the associations between rice consumption and arsenic metabolism, and between arsenic metabolism and insulin resistance in non-diabetic U.S adults who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2016. Rice consumer was defined as ≥0.25 cups of cooked rice/day. HOMA2-IR was calculated using HOMA2 Calculator software based on participant's fasting glucose and insulin values. Urinary arsenic concentrations below limits of detection were imputed first, and then arsenic metabolism (the proportions of inorganic arsenic (iAs), monomethylarsonate (MMA), and dimethylarsinate (DMA) to their sum) were calculated (expressed as iAs%, MMA%, and DMA%). Using the leave-one-out approach, rice consumers compared with non-consumers had a 1.71% (95% CI: 1.12%, 2.29%) higher DMA% and lower MMA% when iAs% fixed; a 1.55% (95% CI: 0.45%, 2.66%) higher DMA% and lower iAs% when MMA% fixed; and a 1.62% (95% CI: 0.95%, 2.28%) higher iAs% and lower MMA% when DMA% fixed, in multivariable adjustment models. With every 10% decrease in MMA%, the geometric mean ratio of HOMA2-IR was 1.06 (95% CI: 1.03,1.08) and 1.05 (95% CI: 1.02, 1.09) when DMA% and iAs% was fixed, respectively; however, the associations were attenuated after adjusting for body mass index. In stratified analysis, we found that lower MMA% was associated with higher HOMA2-IR in participants with obesity: a 10% increase in iAs% with a 10% decrease in MMA% was associated with higher HOMA2-IR with the geometric mean ratio of 1.05 (95% CI: 1.01, 1.09). Our findings suggest that rice consumption may contribute to lower MMA% that was further associated with higher insulin resistance, especially in individuals with obesity. Future prospective studies are needed to confirm our results in different populations.

6.
Adv Drug Deliv Rev ; 178: 113964, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499982

RESUMO

Traditional herbal medicine (THM), an ancient science, is a gift from nature. For thousands of years, it has helped humans fight diseases and protect life, health, and reproduction. Nanomedicine, a newer discipline has evolved from exploitation of the unique nanoscale morphology and is widely used in diagnosis, imaging, drug delivery, and other biomedical fields. Although THM and nanomedicine differ greatly in time span and discipline dimensions, they are closely related and are even evolving toward integration and convergence. This review begins with the history and latest research progress of THM and nanomedicine, expounding their respective developmental trajectory. It then discusses the overlapping connectivity and relevance of the two fields, including nanoaggregates generated in herbal medicine decoctions, the application of nanotechnology in the delivery and treatment of natural active ingredients, and the influence of physiological regulatory capability of THM on the in vivo fate of nanoparticles. Finally, future development trends, challenges, and research directions are discussed.

7.
J Environ Manage ; 300: 113711, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509812

RESUMO

The pilot-scale partial nitrification-anaerobic ammonia oxidation (PN-Anammox) process for landfill leachate treatment has been running stably for 2 years. The degradation characteristics of nitrogen removal performance of PN-Anammox in this system were discussed during shutdown, and different recovery strategies were analyzed from the perspective of economy and easy implementation. The results showed that during the 166 d dormancy period, the decrease in Anammox bacteria activity occurred earlier than that of Anammox bacteria, and both tended to slow down after 128 d. The recovery strategy of simulated wastewater was the fastest, followed by the pretreated landfill leachate recovery strategy with inoculation of some corresponding functional sludges, while the worst strategy was the direct pretreated landfill leachate recovery strategy. The recovery start-up of the pilot-scale PN-Anammox process further showed that microbial activities were difficult to recover simultaneously during operation using raw wastewater directly due to the presence of high NH4+-N levels and the coupling process, which easily led to the accumulation of NH4+-N or NO2-N, thereby inhibiting microbial activity. The addition of some functional bacteria was more conducive to the rapid recovery of microbial activity. This study provides a new strategy for the rapid recovery of microbial activity for the engineering application of the PN-Anammox process.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501674

RESUMO

The change of agricultural production scale is directly related to food security and the stable development of social economy. Particularly, the influence of economic development level and agricultural water use on agricultural production scale cannot be ignored. Therefore, this paper uses the fully modified ordinary least squares (FMOLS) and the Dumitrescu-Hurlin panel causality test models to discuss the effects of the level of economic development, agricultural water use, the level of urbanization, and the market price of agricultural products on the scale of agricultural production in China. The analysis results indicated that agricultural water use, the level of urbanization, and the market price of agricultural products promoted an increase of the scale of agricultural production at the total sample level; a 1% increase for these three variables will result in an increase of the scale of agricultural production of 0.634%, 0.377%, and 0.292%, respectively. The influence of economic development level on agricultural production scale accords with Kuznets curve. However, at the regional level, the influence of each variable on the eastern region is consistent with the trend of the total sample. In the central region, the impact of economic development on agricultural production scale shows a U-shaped curve, and the improvement of urbanization level inhibits the expansion of agricultural production scale. In the western region, all variables failed to pass the significance test. The results of the FMOLS model were validated by the fixed effects model. The results of causality tests showed that bidirectional causality existed between the scale of agricultural production and the level of economic development, the scale of agricultural production and agricultural water use, the level of economic development and the market price of agricultural products, and the level of urbanization and the market price of agricultural products. In different regions, there were differences in causality between variables. Therefore, based on the empirical results, we put forward some policy suggestions to maintain the scale of agricultural production.

9.
NPJ Syst Biol Appl ; 7(1): 35, 2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475401

RESUMO

Biological functions of bacteria can be regulated by monitoring their own population density induced by the quorum sensing system. However, quantitative insight into the system's dynamics and regulatory mechanism remain challenging. Here, we construct a comprehensive mathematical model of the synthetic quorum sensing circuit that controls population density in Escherichia coli. Simulations agree well with experimental results obtained under different ribosome-binding site (RBS) efficiencies. We present a quantitative description of the component dynamics and show how the components respond to isopropyl-ß-D-1-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) induction. The optimal IPTG-induction range for efficiently controlling population density is quantified. The controllable area of population density by acyl-homoserine lactone (AHL) permeability is quantified as well, indicating that high AHL permeability should be treated with a high dose of IPTG, while low AHL permeability should be induced with low dose for efficiently controlling. Unexpectedly, an oscillatory behavior of the growth curve is observed with proper RBS-binding strengths and the oscillation is greatly restricted by the bacterial death induced by toxic metabolic by-products. Moreover, we identify that the mechanism underlying the emergence of oscillation is determined by the negative feedback loop structure within the signaling. Bifurcation analysis and landscape theory are further employed to study the stochastic dynamic and global stability of the system, revealing two faces of toxic metabolic by-products in controlling oscillatory behavior. Overall, our study presents a quantitative basis for understanding and new insights into the control mechanism of quorum sensing system, providing possible clues to guide the development of more rational control strategy.

10.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5262, 2021 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489456

RESUMO

TFE3-translocation renal cell carcinoma (TFE3-tRCC) is a rare and heterogeneous subtype of kidney cancer with no standard treatment for advanced disease. We describe comprehensive molecular characteristics of 63 untreated primary TFE3-tRCCs based on whole-exome and RNA sequencing. TFE3-tRCC is highly heterogeneous, both clinicopathologically and genotypically. ASPSCR1-TFE3 fusion and several somatic copy number alterations, including the loss of 22q, are associated with aggressive features and poor outcomes. Apart from tumors with MED15-TFE3 fusion, most TFE3-tRCCs exhibit low PD-L1 expression and low T-cell infiltration. Unsupervised transcriptomic analysis reveals five molecular clusters with distinct angiogenesis, stroma, proliferation and KRAS down signatures, which show association with fusion patterns and prognosis. In line with the aggressive nature, the high angiogenesis/stroma/proliferation cluster exclusively consists of tumors with ASPSCR1-TFE3 fusion. Here, we describe the genomic and transcriptomic features of TFE3-tRCC and provide insights into precision medicine for this disease.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Fusão Gênica , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Prognóstico , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma , Adulto Jovem
11.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18587, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545132

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint blockade, an immunotherapy, has been applied in multiple systemic malignancies and has improved overall survival to a relatively great extent; whether it can be applied in breast cancer remains unknown. We endeavored to explore possible factors that may influence immunotherapy outcomes in breast cancer using several public databases. The possible treatment target TNF superfamily member 4 (TNFSF4) was selected from many candidates based on its abnormal expression profile, survival-associated status, and ability to predict immune system reactions. For the first time, we identified the oncogenic features of TNFSF4 in breast carcinoma. TNFSF4 was revealed to be closely related to treatment that induced antitumor immunity and to interact with multiple immune effector molecules and T cell signatures, which was independent of endocrine status and has not been reported previously. Moreover, the potential immunotherapeutic approach of TNFSF4 blockade showed underlying effects on stem cell expansion, which more strongly and specifically demonstrated the potential effects of applying TNFSF4 blockade-based immunotherapies in breast carcinomas. We identified potential targets that may contribute to breast cancer therapies through clinical analysis and real-world review and provided one potential but crucial tool for treating breast carcinoma that showed effects across subtypes and long-term effectiveness.

12.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 83: 189-195, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506909

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility for preoperative prediction of IDH mutation and MGMT promoter methylation status in glioblastomas(GBMs) by intravoxel incoherent motion(IVIM) and dynamic susceptibility contrast(DSC). METHODS: Preoperative IVIM and DSC images of 71 patients(IDH mutation:45, IDH wildtype: 26; MGMT methylation: 31, MGMT unmethylation:40) with glioblastomas were analyzed retrospectively. Perfusion parameters including microcirculation perfusion coefficient(D*), perfusion fraction(f), cerebral blood volume(CBV) and cerebral blood flow(CBF) were measured. Corrected perfusion parameters containing corrected perfusion coefficient(ADCperf) and simplified perfusion fraction(SPF) were from the simplified IVIM with 3 b values. Correlations among parameters were analyzed by Spearman correlation. All parameters were compared with Mann-Whitney U test. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were constructed. The receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve was analyzed. RESULTS: The IVIM parameters showed merely moderate correlations with CBV and showed no correlation with CBF. IDH mutation GBMs showed lower D*, ADCperf, SPF, CBV and higher f than IDH wildtype GBMs(all p < 0.05). D* was the independent predictor for IDH mutation with the highest AUC of 0.912(95%CI: 0.821-0.966). The D*, ADCperf, SPF and CBV of MGMT promoter methylation GBMs were lower than unmethylation GBMs while f was higher(all p < 0.05). Multivariate model showed the highest prediction efficacy for MGMT promoter methylation with an AUC of 0.915(95%CI: 0.824-0.968). The CBF was not useful in distinguishing IDH mutation and MGMT promoter methylation status(p = 0.055, 0.215). CONCLUSION: IDH mutation and MGMT promoter methylation status in GBMs can be assessed effectively by IVIM and DSC. Besides, D* was the independent predictor of IDH mutation status.

13.
Ren Fail ; 43(1): 1329-1337, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study sought to investigate incidence and risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized COVID-19. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we enrolled 823 COVID-19 patients with at least two evaluations of renal function during hospitalization from four hospitals in Wuhan, China between February 2020 and April 2020. Clinical and laboratory parameters at the time of admission and follow-up data were recorded. Systemic renal tubular dysfunction was evaluated via 24-h urine collections in a subgroup of 55 patients. RESULTS: In total, 823 patients were enrolled (50.5% male) with a mean age of 60.9 ± 14.9 years. AKI occurred in 38 (40.9%) ICU cases but only 6 (0.8%) non-ICU cases. Using forward stepwise Cox regression analysis, we found eight independent risk factors for AKI including decreased platelet level, lower albumin level, lower phosphorus level, higher level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), procalcitonin, C-reactive protein (CRP), urea, and prothrombin time (PT) on admission. For every 0.1 mmol/L decreases in serum phosphorus level, patients had a 1.34-fold (95% CI 1.14-1.58) increased risk of AKI. Patients with hypophosphatemia were likely to be older and with lower lymphocyte count, lower serum albumin level, lower uric acid, higher LDH, and higher CRP. Furthermore, serum phosphorus level was positively correlated with phosphate tubular maximum per volume of filtrate (TmP/GFR) (Pearson r = 0.66, p < .001) in subgroup analysis, indicating renal phosphate loss via proximal renal tubular dysfunction. CONCLUSION: The AKI incidence was very low in non-ICU patients as compared to ICU patients. Hypophosphatemia is an independent risk factor for AKI in patients hospitalized for COVID-19 infection.

14.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 30(3): 243-246, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476438

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the mechanism of upper lip pressure on maxilla after cleft lip surgery. METHODS: ANSYS 17.0 software was used to add the upper lip soft tissue to the finite element model of maxilla with cleft palate, and the material properties was assigned to form a three-dimensional finite element model of maxilla with upper lip. The upper lip pressure was applied to the model and force analysis was performed in 2 groups. In the experimental group, upper lip pressure with cleft lip surgery was applied; in the control group, upper lip pressure in normal children of the same age was applied. RESULTS: Maxillary deformation in the experimental group was greater than that in the control group. Maxillary deformation occurred in three-dimensional direction, which was mainly in Z axis, followed by X axis and Y axis. The anterior segment of alveolar process was the most obvious,and from the anterior to the posterior, the change trend was gradually decreased. CONCLUSIONS: Maxillary growth is inhibited in three-dimensional direction,which is mainly sagittal growth inhibition,followed by transverse and vertical growth. The inhibition gradually decreases from anterior to posterior.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Criança , Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Fissura Palatina/cirurgia , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Lábio , Maxila/cirurgia
15.
Hypertension ; : HYPERTENSIONAHA12117574, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488435

RESUMO

Plasma circulating extracellular vesicles (EVs) have been utilized as a potential therapeutic strategy to treat ischemic disease through intramyocardial injection (efficient but invasive) or tail vein injection (noninvasive but low cardiac retention). An effective and noninvasive delivery of EVs for future clinical use is necessary. The large animal (canine) model was complemented with a murine ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) model, as well as H9 human embryonic stem cell-induced cardiomyocytes or neonatal rat cardiomyocytes to investigate the effective delivery method and the role of plasma EVs in the IRI model. We further determine the crucial molecule within EVs that confers the cardioprotective role in vivo and in vitro and investigate the efficiency of CHP (cardiac homing peptide)-linked EVs in alleviating IRI. D-SPECT imaging showed that percutaneous intracoronary delivery of EVs reduced infarct extent in dogs. CHP-EVs further reduced IRI-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis in mice and neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Mechanistically, administration of EVs by percutaneous intracoronary delivery (in dog) and myocardial injection (in mice) just before reperfusion reduced infarct size of IRI by increasing miR-486 levels. miR-486-deleted EVs exacerbated oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation-induced human embryonic stem cell-induced cardiomyocytes and neonatal rat cardiomyocyte apoptosis. EV-miR-486 inhibited the PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten) expression and then promoted AKT (protein kinase B) activation in human embryonic stem cell-induced cardiomyocytes and neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. In conclusion, plasma-derived EVs convey miR-486 to the myocardium and attenuated IRI-induced infarction and cardiomyocyte apoptosis. CHP strategy was effective to improve cardiac retention of EVs in mice (in vivo) and dogs (ex vivo).

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3832-3837, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472256

RESUMO

Freshly collected seeds of Amomum tsaoko demonstrate obvious dormancy. Therefore, the selection of stable reference genes during seed dormancy release is very important for the subsequent functional research of related genes. In this study, ten commonly used reference genes(GAPDH, 40S, actin, tubulin, EIF4A-9, EIF2α, UBC, UBCE2, 60S, and UBQ) were selected as candidates for quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR) of the embryo samples of A. tsaoko at different dormancy release stages. Three kinds of software(BestKeeper, geNorm, and Normfinder) and the Delta CT method were used to evaluate the expression stability of the candidate reference genes, and the RefFinder online tool was employed to integrate the results and generate a comprehensive ranking. The results showed that the expression levels of the ten candidate reference genes differed greatly in different embryo samples. GAPDH and UBC had high expression levels, as manifested by the small Ct values. GeNorm identified 40S and UBCE2 as the most stable genes. NormFinder ranked EIF2α as the most stable gene and UBC as the least stable gene. UBCE2 was found to be the most stable gene and actin the least stable one by BestKeeper. Delta CT analysis suggested that the expression of 40S was most stable. UBCE2 was recommended as the most stably expressed gene by RefFinder. Thus, UBCE2 is the ideal reference gene for qRT-PCR analysis of A. tsaoko seeds at different dormancy release stages. The results may lay a foundation for analyzing the expression of related genes during seed dormancy release of A. tsaoko.


Assuntos
Amomum , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Sementes/genética
17.
Proc Inst Mech Eng H ; : 9544119211041186, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479452

RESUMO

Beta-tricalcium phosphate (ß-TCP) refers to one ideal bone repair substance with good biocompatibility and osteogenicity. A digital light processing (DLP)-system used in this study creates bioceramic green part by stacking up layers of photocurable tricalcium phosphate-filled slurry with various ß-TCP weight fractions. Results show that the sintering shrinkage is anisotropic and the shrinkage vertically reaches over that horizontally. The obtained porous ß-TCP parts have both macroporous outer structure and microporous inner structure, the macropore size is 400-600 µm and the micropore size is 500-1500 nm. The mechanical tests show that the porous ß-TCP bioceramic's compressive strength reaches 16.53 MPa. The cell culture confirmed that the porous ß-TCP bioceramic is capable of achieving the effective attaching, growing, and proliferating pertained to mouse osteoblast cells. This study identified considerable blood vessels and significant ectopic bone forming obviously based on the histologically-related assessment when implanting to rabbit femoral condyle deficiency for 3 months. Thus, under high bioactive property and osteoinductivity, and large precision and mechanical strength that can be adjusted, the DLP printed porous ß-TCP ceramics is capable of being promising for special uses of bones repairing.

18.
Sci Total Environ ; 792: 148462, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465053

RESUMO

Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) has gained enormous attention for water and wastewater treatment. Compared with g-C3N4 nanopowders, g-C3N4 based hybrid membranes have demonstrated great potential for its superior practicability. This review outlines the preparation and characterization of g-C3N4 based hybrid membranes and presents their representative applications in water and wastewater treatment (e.g., removal of organic dyes, phenolic compounds, pharmaceuticals, salt ions, heavy metals, and oils). Meanwhile, g-C3N4 based films for the removal of contaminants through photocatalytic degradation is also summarized. In addition, the corresponding mechanisms and relevant findings are discussed. Finally, the challenges and research needs in the future and application of g-C3N4 based hybrid membranes are highlighted.


Assuntos
Purificação da Água , Água , Catálise , Grafite , Compostos de Nitrogênio
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3016-3023, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467691

RESUMO

The acupoint application of Euodiae Fructus at Yongquan(KI1) can significantly improve the sleep quality of patients with insomnia with berberine as the main effective component for the efficacy. Nineteen active compounds and 203 drug targets were screened out from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP). After comparison with GeneCards and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM), 24 common genes of diseases and drugs were obtained. STRING 11.0 was used to construct a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network of the overlapping genes, and Matthews correlation coefficient(MCC) was employed to screen the core genes, which were then subjected to enrichment analysis with gene ontology(GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG). The results revealed that the main compounds of Euodiae Fructus, such as berberine and rutaecarpine, participated in the biological processes(such as neurotransmitter receptor activity) by regulating C-reactive protein(CRP), estrogen receptor 1(ESR1), 5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT) receptor, and interleukin-6(IL-6) to exert sedative, anxiolytic, and antidepressant effects. Sixty 4-week-old SPF mice were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a positive drug(diazepam tablets) group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose berberine groups. Medication with corresponding drugs was performed for one week. The results demonstrated that berberine was potent in reducing the activities and standing times of mice, down-regulating the levels of CRP and IL-6 mRNA in the hypothalamus, and up-regulating the expression of 5-HT(P<0.01); however, no significant effect on ESR1 was observed. The network of Euodiae Fructus in treating insomnia was constructed by network pharmacology and verified by tests. The findings indicated that the therapeutic efficacy of Euodiae Fructus in treating insomnia was achieved by participating in multiple biological processes, such as neurotransmitter receptor activity, which provided a scientific basis for its clinical application.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Animais , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Camundongos , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/tratamento farmacológico , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/genética
20.
Heart Surg Forum ; 24(4): E700-E708, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The operative mortality of pericardiectomy still is high. This retrospective study was conducted to determine the risk factors of early mortality and multiorgan failure. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients undergoing pericardiectomy from January 2009 to June 2020 at our hospital. Pericardiectomy was performed via sternotomy. Histopathologic studies of pericardium tissue from every patient were done. All survivors were monitored to the end date of the study. RESULTS: Ninety-two consecutive patients undergoing pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis were included in the study. Postoperatively, central venous pressure significantly decreased, and left ventricular end diastolic dimension and left ventricular ejection fractions significantly improved. The overall mortality rate was 5.4%. The common postoperative complications include acute renal injury (27.2%), and multiorgan failure (8.7%). Analyses of risk factors showed that fluid balance of the second day following operation is associated with early mortality and multiorgan failure. In this series from Guangxi, China, characteristic histopathologic features of tuberculosis (60/92, 65.2%) of pericardium were the most common histopathologic findings, and 32 patients (32/92, 34.8%) had the histopathologic findings of chronic nonspecific inflammatory changes. The functional status of the patients improved after pericardiectomy; 6 months later postoperatively 85 survivors were in class I (85/87, 97.7%) and two were in class II (2/87, 2.3%). CONCLUSIONS: Tuberculosis is the most common cause of constrictive pericarditis in Guangxi, China. Fluid balance of the second day following operation is associated with early mortality and multiorgan failure after pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis in our study.

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