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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(1): 172-178, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788473

RESUMO

Stem cells have been confirmed to be involved in the occurrence and development of diabetic retinopathy; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we used Citespace software to visually analyze 552 articles exploring the stem cell-based treatment of diabetic retinopathy over the past 20 years, which were included in the Web of Science Core Collection. We found the following: (1) a co-citation analysis of the references cited by all 552 articles indicated 15 clusters. In cluster #0, representing the stem cell field, some highly cited landmark studies emerged between 2009-2013. For example, endothelial progenitor cells and diabetic retinopathy gradually received the full attention of scholars, in terms of their relationship and therapeutic prospects. Some researchers also verified the potential of adipose-derived stem cells to differentiate into stable retinal perivascular cells, using a variety of animal models of retinal vascular disease. All of these achievements provided references for the subsequent stem cell research. (2) An analysis of popular keywords among the 552 articles revealed that, during the past 20 years, a relative increase in basic research articles examining stem cells and endothelial progenitor cells for the treatment of diabetic retinopathy was observed. The contents of these articles primarily involved the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor, vascular regeneration, oxidative stress, and inflammatory response. (3) A burst analysis of keywords used in the 552 articles indicated that genetic and cytological research regarding the promotion of angiogenesis was an issue of concern from 2001 to 2012, including several studies addressing the expression of various growth factor genes; from 2014 to 2020, mouse models of diabetic retinopathy were recognized as mature animal models, and the most recent research has focused on macular degeneration, macular edema, neurodegeneration, and inflammatory changes in diabetic animal models. (4) Globally, the current authoritative studies have focused on basic research towards the stem cell treatment of diabetic retinopathy. Existing clinical studies are of low quality and have insufficient evidence levels, and their findings have not yet been widely accepted in clinical practice. Major challenges during stem cell transplantation remain, including stem cell heterogeneity, cell delivery, and the effective homing of stem cells to damaged tissue. However, clinical trials examining potential stem cell-based treatments of diabetic retinopathy, including the use of pluripotent stem cells, retinal pigment epithelial cells, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, and endothelial progenitor cells, are currently ongoing, and high-quality clinical evidence is likely to appear in the future, to promote clinical transformation.

2.
Int J Pharm ; : 119936, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038455

RESUMO

Ethosomes are widely applied as the carriers for the transdermal delivery of hydrophobic and hydrophilic drugs. Herein, curcumin-loaded ethosomes (CE) with different phospholipid composition were formulated and thoroughly compared. A significant interaction between the unsaturated phosphatidylcholine (PC) and saturated hydrogenated phosphatidylcholine (HPC) was found by molecular simulation and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), which led to the reduction of PC peroxidation with the presence of HPC. Subsequently, the composite phospholipid ethosomes containing curcumin were prepared for the first time to evaluate their properties in comparison with the conventional ethosomes composed of PC (CE-P) or HPC (CE-H). CE with PC/HPC ratio of 1:1 (CE-P1H1) with the best vesicle stability and flexibility significantly decreased the uptake by HaCaT cells compared to CE-H and free curcumin, indicating reduced skin cell toxicity. Compared with free curcumin, CE-P1H1 had the highest transdermal efficiency (p<0.001), followed by CE-P (p<0.05), partly due to the fact that CE-P1H1 could disturb lipid domain of stratum corneum (SC). Moreover, CE-P1H1 was found to promote curcumin for deep penetration of the skin via the hair follicles route. Our study has shown that using composite phospholipid ethosomes as lipid vesicular carriers could enhance transdermal penetration of drugs and increase in the vesicle stability.

3.
J Fluoresc ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048296

RESUMO

Firstly, a novel pyrazole-pyrazoline fluorescent probe was developed and synthesized. The probe can be used to determine Fe3+ ions in a series of cations in tetrahydrofuran aqueous solution with high selectivity and high sensitivity. After the addition of iron ions, the fluorescence intensity is significantly reduced, Its structure was characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR and HR-ESI-MS. UV absorption spectra and Fluorescence spectroscopy were used to study the selective recognition of probe M on metal ions. The probe M can selectivity and sensitivity to distinguish the target ion from other ions through different fluorescence phenomena. In addition, the binding modes of M with Fe3+ were proved to be 1:1 stoichiometry in the complexes by Job's plot, IR results. The combination of probe M and iron ions is 1:1, and the detection limit is 3.9 × 10-10 M. The binding mode and sensing mechanism of M with Fe3+ was verified by theoretical calculations using Gaussian 09 based on B3LYP/6-31G(d) basis.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; 755(Pt 2): 142582, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065502

RESUMO

The application of biochar to soils contaminated with potentially toxic elements (PTEs) has received particular attention due to its ability to reduce PTE uptake by the plants. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to identify Cd and Pb concentrations in plant shoots and roots in response to biochar application and soil properties. We collected data from 65 peer-reviewed journal articles published from 2009 to 2020 in which 66% of manuscripts were published from 2015 to 2020. The data were processed using OpenMEE software. The results pinpointed that addition of biochar to soil caused a significant decrease in shoot and root Cd and Pb concentrations as compared to untreated soils with biochar (control), and the reduction rate was affected by plant types and both biochar and soil properties. The biochar size less than 2 mm, biochar pH higher than 10, pyrolysis temperature of 401-600 °C, and the application rate higher than 2% appeared to be effective in reducing shoot and root Cd and Pb concentration. Soil properties such as pH, SOC, and texture influenced the efficiency of biochar for reducing plant Cd and Pb uptake. Biochar application increased SOC (54.3%), CEC (48.0%), pH (0.08), and EC (59.4%), and reduced soil extractable Cd (42.1%) and Pb (47.1%) concentration in comparison to control. A detailed study on the rhizosphere chemistry and uptake mechanism will help to underpin the biochar application rates and their efficiency reducing PTE mobility and plant uptake.

5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 584: 164-173, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069016

RESUMO

Antibacterial textiles, which effectively inhibit bacterial breeding and resist pathogenic diseases, have wide applications in medicine, hygiene, and related fields. However, traditional antibacterial textiles exhibit significant limitations, such as poor antibacterial durability and contamination during preparation. In this work, nanofiber yarn loaded with a high-efficiency antibacterial agent was prepared using electrospinning technology. Polyethyleneimine (PEI) was introduced as a solubilizing material to functionalize graphene oxide (GO) to form GO-PEI composites. A facile microwave heating method was used to synthesize GO-PEI and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). A multi-needle conjugated electrospinning device was used to blend the nanofibers with the GO-PEI-Ag composite to form a nanofiber core-spun yarn. The antibacterial agent was firmly fixed on the fiber to prevent easy removal. A uniformly oriented yarn structure and internal morphology were observed, and the antibacterial activity of the fabric was measured. The antibacterial rate of the fabric was over 99.99%for both Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. After ten washes, the antibacterial rate remained above 99.99%. Thus, nanofiber fabric from electrospinning displays high antibacterial activity and excellent durability, thereby providing a feasible methodology for future production of antibacterial textiles.

6.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e925877, 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-846805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a major public health challenge all over the world. People's knowledge, attitudes, and preventive behaviors about diseases affect the degree of adherence to control measures. This study aimed to survey the affecting factors of COVID-19 prevention behavior among nursing students in China. MATERIAL AND METHODS Six-hundred thirteen nursing students in Anhui, China participated in an online survey from March 30 to April 5, 2020. The survey collected demographic information, electronic health (eHealth) literacy, COVID-19-related knowledge, attitudes, and prevention behavior data using descriptive analysis and multinomial logistic regression to analyze the data. RESULTS The mean age of study participants was 20.88 years, of which 31.8% were male (n=613). Television (84.9%) and WeChat (79.6%) were the major sources of their information. Nursing students had good knowledge (14.68±2.83), had positive attitudes (4.03±0.59), had good practices (3.92±0.65), and had basic eHealth literacy (30.45±6.90). Nursing students with higher eHealth literacy (odds ratio [OR]=0.89, P<0.01), good knowledge (OR=0.89, P<0.01), and positive attitudes (OR=0.24, P<0.01) took more preventive behaviors. Students living in the countryside (OR=0.09, P<0.01) and of a young age (OR=1.51, P<0.05) seldom took preventive actions. Men, compared with women, were less likely to take preventive measures. (OR=1.44, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Good eHealth literacy, good knowledge, and a positive attitude were the most important variables that affected the prevention behavior against COVID-19. Targeted health education should be conducted for male students and students living in the countryside by providing reliable and effective online sources.

7.
Environ Pollut ; 268(Pt B): 115582, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017744

RESUMO

Although it is known that increases in ambient particulate matter (PM) levels are associated with elevated occurrence of adverse health outcomes, the understanding of the mechanisms of PM-related health effects is limited by our knowledge of how particle size and composition are altered subsequent to inhalation through respiratory-deposited processing. Here we present a particle-generated hydroxyl radical (·OH) study of the size-resolved particles as particles are inhaled in the human respiratory tract (RT), and we show that accumulation-mode particles are significant factors (71-75%) in ·OH generation of lung-deposited particles using Multiple-Path Particle Dosimetry (MPPD) model. The ability of PM to catalyze ·OH generation is mainly related to transition metals, particularly towards the upper regions of the RT (75%), and to quinones deeper in the lung (42-46%). Identification of this generation ability induced by chemical composition has shown that four potential sources (biomass burning, incomplete combustion, mobile & industry, and mineral dust) are responsible for ·OH generation. With ·OH-forming ability after PM inhalation implicated as the first step towards revealing the subsequent toxic processes, this work draws a connection between the detailed ·OH chemistry occurring on size-resolved particles and a possible toxicological mechanism based on chemical composition and sources.

8.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e925877, 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a major public health challenge all over the world. People's knowledge, attitudes, and preventive behaviors about diseases affect the degree of adherence to control measures. This study aimed to survey the affecting factors of COVID-19 prevention behavior among nursing students in China. MATERIAL AND METHODS Six-hundred thirteen nursing students in Anhui, China participated in an online survey from March 30 to April 5, 2020. The survey collected demographic information, electronic health (eHealth) literacy, COVID-19-related knowledge, attitudes, and prevention behavior data using descriptive analysis and multinomial logistic regression to analyze the data. RESULTS The mean age of study participants was 20.88 years, of which 31.8% were male (n=613). Television (84.9%) and WeChat (79.6%) were the major sources of their information. Nursing students had good knowledge (14.68±2.83), had positive attitudes (4.03±0.59), had good practices (3.92±0.65), and had basic eHealth literacy (30.45±6.90). Nursing students with higher eHealth literacy (odds ratio [OR]=0.89, P<0.01), good knowledge (OR=0.89, P<0.01), and positive attitudes (OR=0.24, P<0.01) took more preventive behaviors. Students living in the countryside (OR=0.09, P<0.01) and of a young age (OR=1.51, P<0.05) seldom took preventive actions. Men, compared with women, were less likely to take preventive measures. (OR=1.44, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Good eHealth literacy, good knowledge, and a positive attitude were the most important variables that affected the prevention behavior against COVID-19. Targeted health education should be conducted for male students and students living in the countryside by providing reliable and effective online sources.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Internet , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , China , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Adulto Jovem
9.
Mol Hum Reprod ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063120

RESUMO

During folliculogenesis, the gonadotrophin-dependent phase begins at the small antral follicle stage and ends with Graafian follicles. In this study, pregnant mare's serum gonadotrophin was used to induce gonadotrophin-dependent folliculogenesis in mice, following which the developmental events that follicles undergo, as well as the underlying regulatory signals, were investigated at both the morphological and transcriptomic level. Gonadotrophin-dependent folliculogenesis consisted of three phases: preparation, rapid growth, and decelerated growth. In the preparation phase, comprising the first 12 h, granulosa cells completed the preparations for proliferation and differentiation, shifted energy metabolism to glycolysis, and reduced protein synthesis and processing. The rapid growth phase lasted from 12 to 24 h; in this phase, granulosa cells completed their proliferation, and follicles acquired the capacity for estradiol secretion and ovulation. Meanwhile, the decelerating growth phase occurred between 24 and 48 h of gonadotrophin-dependent folliculogenesis. In this phase, the proliferation and expansion of the follicular antrum were reduced, energy metabolism was shifted to oxidative phosphorylation, and cell migration and lipid metabolism were enhanced in preparation for luteinization. We also revealed the key signaling pathways that regulate gonadotrophin-dependent folliculogenesis and elucidated the activation sequence of these pathways. A comparison of our RNA-sequencing data with that reported for humans suggested that the mechanisms involved in mouse and human folliculogenesis are evolutionarily conserved. In this study, we draw a detailed atlas of gonadotrophin-dependent folliculogenesis, thereby laying the foundation for further investigation of the regulatory mechanisms underlying this process.

10.
Gene ; : 145192, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007373

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the correlations of promoter methylation and single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Li and Han nationalities in Hainan province. Depression- and anxiety-related questionnaires were performed for PTSD-related information collection and analysis, with 164 PTSD patients and 141 healthy controls included. Serum BDNF level was measured and the methylation of BDNF promoter was evaluated. The BDNF SNP genotyping was performed, after which the risk genotypes for PTSD were detected and analyzed using logistic regression analysis. Our study found that the PTSD incidence was different in Li and Han nationalities. Serum BDNF level in PTSD patients in Li nationality was obviously lower than that in patients in Han nationality, while the methylation of BDNF promoter was higher in patients in Li nationality. The G-712A rather than rs6265 genotypes presented significant difference between PTSD patients and healthy controls. Meanwhile, the patients in Li nationality with AG genotype at G-712A inclined to depression, and patients with GG genotype had a greater degree of PTSD. G-712A and promoter methylation of BDNF were independent risk factors for PTSD. Our study demonstrated that the differences of PTSD patients between Li and Han nationalities were attributed by SNP G-712A genotypes and promoter methylation of BDNF.

11.
Microbiol Res ; 242: 126599, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010586

RESUMO

Pathogens secrete effectors to establish a successful interaction with their host. It is well understood that plant pathogens recruit classically secreted chorismate mutase (Cmu) as an effector to disrupt plant salicylic acid (SA) synthesis. However, the identity and function of the Cmu effector from powdery mildew fungi remain unknown. Here, we identified a novel secreted Cmu effector, EqCmu, from rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Muell) powdery mildew fungus (Erysiphe quercicola). Unlike the classically secreted Cmu, EqCmu lack signal peptide, and exhibited characteristics of non-classically secreted proteins. EqCmu could fully complement a Saccharomyces cerevisiae ScAro7 mutant that was deficient in the synthesis of phenylalanine and tyrosine. In addition, transient expression of EqCmu could promote infection by Phytophthora capsici and reduce the levels of SA and the mRNA of PR1 gene in Nicotiana benthamiana in response to P. capsici infection, while confocal observations showed that EqCmu was localized within the cytoplasm and nucleus of transfected N. benthamiana leaf cells. These non-homologous systems assays provide evidences that EqCmu may serve as a "moonlighting" protein, which is not only a key enzyme in the synthesis of phenylalanine and tyrosine within fungal cells, but also has the function of regulating plant SA synthesis within plant cells. This is the first study to identify and functionally validate a candidate effector from E. quercicola. Overall, the non-classical secretion pathway is a novel mechanism for powdery mildew fungal effectors secretion and might play an important role in host-pathogen interactions.

12.
Clin Exp Med ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079290

RESUMO

Slit2 glycoprotein has been described to regulate the inflammatory response and be involved in autoimmune diseases. Here, we investigated the expression of Slit2 and its potential significance in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A total of 103 patients with SLE participated in our study. The levels of serum Slit2 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the expression of Slit2 in renal tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry. Patients with active disease had higher levels of serum Slit2 than patients with inactive disease and controls. Patients with sole skin impairment or sole renal impairment or both skin and renal impairment had higher levels of serum Slit2 than patients with neither skin nor renal impairment. Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) had higher levels of serum Slit2 than patients with no CKD. Levels of serum Slit2 in patients with active disease were positively correlated with the SLE Disease Activity Index, complement C4, and anti-dsDNA antibody. Levels of serum Slit2 in patients with CKD were positively correlated with serum creatinine, urine protein, and glomerular filtration rate. The expression of Slit2 and its receptor Roundabout1 (Robo1) in the renal tissue of patients with lupus nephritis were higher than controls. Moreover, renal Slit2 was positively correlated with renal chronic index. Our data indicated that Slit2 may contribute to renal impairment and this may be a potential biomarker for SLE.

13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(20)2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050591

RESUMO

Autotetraploid rice is a useful rice germplasm for polyploid rice breeding. However, low fertility limits its commercial production. A neo-tetraploid rice with high fertility was developed from the progenies of crossing between autotetraploid lines by our research group. Our previous study showed that a myeloblastosis (MYB) transcription factor, MOF1, might be associated with the pollen development in tetraploid rice. However, little information is available about its role in pollen development in tetraploid rice. Here, we identified a new haplotype of MOF1 from neo-tetraploid rice and marked it as MOF1a. Transcriptome and qRT-PCR analysis demonstrated that MOF1a highly expressed in anthers, and displayed differential expression in neo-tetraploid rice compared to tetraploid rice line with low pollen fertility. The mutant (mof1a) of MOF1a, which was generated by CRISPR/Cas9 knockout in neo-tetraploid rice, showed low pollen fertility, and also exhibited abnormal tapetum and middle layer development, and defective chromosome behaviors during meiosis. A total of 13 tapetal related genes were found to be up-regulated in meiotic anthers of MOF1a compared with wild type plants by RNA-seq analysis, including CYP703A3, PTC1, and OsABCG26, which had been demonstrated to affect tapetal development. Moreover, 335 meiosis-related genes displayed differential expression patterns at same stage, including nine important meiosis-related genes, such as metallothionein OsMT1a. These results demonstrated that MOF1a plays an important role in pollen development and provides a foundation for understanding the molecular mechanism underlying MOF1a in reproduction of tetraploid rice.

14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17132, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051475

RESUMO

Hominoid-specific brain structures are of particular importance in understanding the evolution of human brain structure and function, as they are absent in mammals that are widely studied in the extended neuroscience field. Recent research indicates that the human fusiform gyrus (FG), which is a hominoid-specific structure critical for complex object recognition, contains a tertiary, longitudinal sulcus (mid-fusiform sulcus, MFS) that bisects the FG into lateral and medial parallel gyri. The MFS is a functional and architectonic landmark in the human brain. Here, we tested if the MFS is specific to the human FG or if the MFS is also identifiable in other hominoids. Using magnetic resonance imaging and cortical surface reconstructions in 30 chimpanzees and 30 humans, we show that the MFS is also present in chimpanzees. The MFS is relatively deeper and cortically thinner in chimpanzees compared to humans. Additional histological analyses reveal that the MFS is not only present in humans and chimpanzees, but also in bonobos, gorillas, orangutans, and gibbons. Taken together, these results reveal that the MFS is a sulcal landmark that is shared between humans and other hominoids. These results require a reconsideration of the sulcal patterning in ventral temporal cortex across hominoids, as well as revise the compensation theory of cortical folding.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051670

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Dietary fiber intake may relate to bone health. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether dietary fiber intake is associated with bone mineral density (BMD), and the modification effect of genetic variations related to gut microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). DESIGN: The associations of dietary fiber intake with estimated BMD derived from heel ultrasound and fractures were assessed in 224,630 and 384,134 participants from UK Biobank. SETTING: UK Biobank. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Estimated BMD derived from heel ultrasound. RESULTS: Higher dietary fiber intake (per standard deviation) was significantly associated with higher heel-BMD (ß [SE]=0.0047 [0.0003], P=1.10E-54). Similarly significant associations were observed for all the fiber subtypes including cereal, fruit (dried and raw), and vegetable (cooked and raw). (all P<0.05). The positive association was found in both women and men but more marked among men except for dietary fiber in cooked vegetables (All Pinteraction<0.05). A protective association was found between dietary fiber intake and hip fracture (HR, 95% CI: 0.94, 0.89-0.99; P=3.0E-02). In addition, the association between dietary fiber and heel-BMD was modified by genetically determined SCFA propionate production (Pinteraction=5.1E-03). The protective association between dietary fiber and heel-BMD was more pronounced among participants with lower genetically determined propionate production. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that greater intakes of total dietary fiber and subtypes from various food sources are associated with higher heel-BMD. Participants with lower genetically determined propionate production may benefit more from taking more dietary fiber.

16.
Cancer Invest ; : 1-10, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998588

RESUMO

To evaluate prognosis of breast cancer patients, a total of 16618 TNBC patients from SEER database were involved. High grade, unmarried status, tumor site were the main factors reduced OS in stage I. Black race, unmarried, large tumor size, and nodes metastasis would make worse prognosis in stage II. Compared with stage II, race and marital status had no significant effect on the prognosis in stage III. In stage IV, married status significantly improved the OS and DSS. Surgery and chemotherapy improve survival time in all of stages. Clinicopathological status correlated with the prognosis of patients with differentially staged TNBC.

17.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 19: 1533033820957006, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000678

RESUMO

AHNAK nucleoprotein 2 (AHNAK2) has been emerged as a crucial protein for neuroblast differentiation and cell migration, thereby involving in the development of various cancers. However, the specific molecular mechanism of AHNAK2 in lung adenocarcinoma is inconclusive. By accessing to the Oncomine dataset and GEPIA website, a higher expression level of AHNAK2 was observed in lung adenocarcinoma tissue samples. Overall survival (OS) curve plotted by Kaplan-Meier method showed that up-regulation of AHNAK2 was related with poor prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma patients. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis and western blot were conducted to examine the expression level of genes in lung adenocarcinoma cells. Through functional in vitro experiments, cell proliferation, migration and invasion were all suppressed after AHNAK2 knockdown using Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, wound-healing and transwell analysis. Reduction of AHNAK2 decreased the apoptosis rate using flow cytometry analysis. Moreover, the key markers of MAPK pathway, p-MEK, p-ERK and p-P90RSK were decreased due to the transfection of si-AHNAK2 in A549 cells. U0126, a MEK inhibitor, showed the similar effects on MAPK-related protein levels with si-AHNAK2. To sum up, AHNAK2 is significantly increased in lung adenocarcinoma and plays a carcinogenic role by activating the MAPK signaling pathway, providing a novel insight and raising possibility for lung adenocarcinoma treatment.

18.
Brain Res Bull ; 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053433

RESUMO

Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 (hnRNPA1) is the most abundant and expressed widely member of the hnRNP family. It has been extensively studied in developmental biology, oncology, and neurodegenerative diseases, which has not been reported on in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) induced-secondary brain injury (SBI). The purpose of this study was to explore the role of hnRNPA1 exerts and its underlying mechanism in ICH-induced SBI. Experimental ICH models were established by injecting autologous heart blood into the basal ganglia region of rats and increased or inhibited hnRNPA1 expression through the hnRNPA1 plasmid and small interfering RNA. The results illustrated that the protein levels of hnRNPA1 are significantly elevated after ICH, and hnRNPA1 is transported from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Upregulated hnRNPA1 could improve neurological function and the learning and memory ability decline after ICH-induced injury. Furthermore, TUNEL and FJB staining indicated that hnRNPA1 overexpression could reduce neuronal cell death and injury induced by ICH. However, downregulated hnRNPA1 damages neurological function and learning and memory abilities and aggravates neuronal cell degeneration and apoptosis. Consistently, the levels of Bcl-xl mRNA and Bcl-xl are elevated or decreased depending on the levels of hnRNPA1, which could be one of the mechanisms through which hnRNPA1 participates in ICH-induced neuronal cell death. In summary, hnRNPA1 plays a protective role in ICH-induced SBI via upregulating Bcl-xl expression, indicating that hnRNPA1 could be a potential target for ICH therapy.

19.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 2854186, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015160

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the role of short-term low-dose glucocorticoids in mild COVID-19 patients. Methods: We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional, single-center study in Kunming, China. A total of 33 mild COVID-19 cases were divided into two treatment groups (with and without glucocorticoids, methylprednisolone, were used in this setting), and the absolute value of peripheral blood lymphocyte count; CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+ T cell counts; and the time to achieve negative transformation of a nucleic acid pharyngeal swab were recorded. Peripheral blood lymphocyte and T cell counts were compared between the treatment group and 25 healthy individuals. At the point of time when there was a 50% accumulation conversion rate (positive to negative nucleic acid on pharyngeal swab), and the nucleic acid turned negative in half of the patients in two groups, the peripheral blood lymphocyte and T cell counts were compared between treatment groups. Results: The mean cumulative time for the 50% negative conversion rate of the nucleic acid in the pharyngeal swab was 17.7 ± 5.1 days and 13.9 ± 5.4 days in the glucocorticoid group and the nonglucocorticoid group, respectively. The absolute peripheral blood lymphocyte count and the T cell subset count in the glucocorticoid group were lower than those in the nonglucocorticoid group. When the nucleic acid turned negative in half of the patients, the absolute value of peripheral blood lymphocyte count and CD4+ T cells of the glucocorticoid group and the nonglucocorticoid group was not significantly different; the CD3+ and CD8+ T cells in the glucocorticoid group were lower than those in the nonglucocorticoid group. The absolute peripheral blood lymphocyte count, CD3+ T cells, and CD4+ T cells in the glucocorticoid group were lower than those of the healthy group during the whole disease period, and CD8+ T cells returned to normal at 19-21 days of the disease period. There was no significant difference between the nonglucocorticoid group and the healthy group for absolute peripheral blood lymphocyte and CD8+ T cells; moreover, CD3+ T cells and CD4+ T cells were lower in the nonglucocorticoid group than those in the healthy group from the day of admission to the 18th day and returned to normal at the period of 19-21 days. The absolute peripheral lymphocyte count (P = 0.048, effect size d = 0.727) and T cell subset count (CD3: P = 0.042, effect size d = 0.655; CD4: P < 0.01, effect size d = 0.599; and CD8: P = 0.034, effect size d = 0.550) in the nonglucocorticoid group were higher than those in the glucocorticoid group, and the difference between the groups was statistically significant. Conclusions: This study found that the use of short-term, low-dose glucocorticoids does not negatively influence the clinical outcome, without affecting the final clearance of viral nucleic acid in mild COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Metilprednisolona/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 1809326, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029491

RESUMO

A number of metabolic disorders, including hyperlipidemia, potentially cause chronic kidney disease (CKD), one of their major chronic complications and comorbidities. Rosuvastatin is one of the widely used antiatherogenic drugs among hyperlipidemic patients. Meanwhile, sarpogrelate is not only a 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor antagonist but also an antiplatelet agent, inhibiting platelet-stimulated blood coagulation and improving peripheral circulation. In this study, a combination of sarpogrelate and/or rosuvastatin was used on CKD mice induced by a high-fat diet for 8 weeks. The mice were tested for pathological changes using histological evaluation. Tremendous alterations were found, including a remarked increase in total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, glomerular endothelial proliferation, and mesangial expansion. Also, tubular damage and extracellular matrix accumulation occurred, namely, a marked increase in the macula densa, scattered and apoptotic loss of the apical brush border with vacuolated basophilic cytoplasm and heavily stained nuclei, and expanded Bowman's space, which were at least partially ameliorated by sarpogrelate and/or rosuvastatin treatment. The analysis of expression profiles at both the RNA and protein levels, using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis, indicated that LDL-R/CD68/LOX-1-positive monocyte/macrophage-mediated enhanced proinflammatory activation, including the significant upregulation of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6, was actually attenuated by sarpogrelate and/or rosuvastatin treatment. The findings indicated that sarpogrelate and/or rosuvastatin treatment potentially ameliorates CKD progression in patients with the aforementioned comorbid metabolic disorders.

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