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1.
Virus Genes ; 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894467

RESUMO

Cross protection is a promising alternate to control Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus (CGMMV) which is of increasing economic importance to cucurbit production worldwide. One major factor confronting the application of cross protection to control CGMMV is the scarcity of available mild mutants. The objective of this paper was to screen attenuated mutants of CGMMV and evaluate their potential in cross protection. An infectious cDNA clone of CGMMV, pCGMMV, was obtained by cloning intron-containing CGMMV genome to modified pCambia0390 vector with the Cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter. Five pCGMMV-derived mutants were obtained via site-directed mutagenesis and inoculated to Nicotiana benthamiana plants for symptom observation. The attenuated CGMMV mutants were evaluated for their efficiency in cross protection. The intron-containing clone pCGMMV induced similar disease symptoms and accumulated similar titres of virus in N. benthamiana plants as wild-type CGMMV. Mutations of aspartic acid at position 89 in the coat protein to alanine (D89A) or glutamic acid at position 1069 in the ORF1/2 read-through protein, in the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase domain to alanine (E1069A) alleviated the symptoms of pCGMMV in N. benthamiana plants significantly. In cross protection assay, the two mutants pCGMMV-CP-D89A and pCGMMV-RdRp-E1069A could prevent the superinfection of CGMMV, with protection efficiency of 91.7% and 100%, respectively. The intron-containing clone pCGMMV was stable and highly infectious. The D89 in the coat protein and E1069 in the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase played an important role in regulating the virulence of CGMMV. Mutants pCGMMV-CP-D89A and pCGMMV-RdRp-E1069A were of great potential in the control of CGMMV via cross protection.

2.
Virus Res ; 276: 197827, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785306

RESUMO

Potato virus Y (PVY) causes huge damage to potato and tobacco production worldwide. The complete genome sequence of GZ, a PVY isolate (strain SYR-I) from Guizhou province, China, was cloned into the binary vector pCambia0390. Three introns were individually inserted into the P3 and CI ORFs to produce plasmid pCamPVY-GZ. The plasmid could infect plants of Nicotiana benthamiana, N. tabacum via agroinfiltration and plants of pepper and potato by mechanical inoculation. The green fluorescence protein gene of Aequoria victoriae was cloned into the encoding regions between nuclear inclusion body 'b' and coat protein genes in pCamPVY-GZ to produce pCamPVY-GZ-GFP, which could infect plants of N. benthamiana, N. tabacum, potato and tomato, and produce green fluorescence in the systemic leaves of inoculated plants. Mutations were introduced to pCamPVY-GZ to make the lysine (K) 391 and glutamic acid (E)410 of helper component-proteinase to arginine (R) and asparagic acid (E), respectively. Unlike wild type PVY-GZ, the mutant PVY-K391R/E410D could not induce veinal necrosis in N. tabacum plants. With an interval of 14 days, mutant PVY-K391R/E410D could protect N. tabacum plants from the infection of severe PVY strain. The results presented here provide a promising alternate for the prevention of diseases caused by PVY.

3.
J Hazard Mater ; 381: 121208, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563672

RESUMO

Contaminated mining sites require ecological restoration work, of which phytoremediation using appropriate plant species is an attractive option. Our present study is focused on one typical contaminated mine site with indigenous plant cover. The X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) analysis indicated that Cu (the major contaminant) was primarily associated with goethite (adsorbed fraction), with a small amount of Cu oxalate-like species (organic fraction) in mine affected soil. With growth of plant species like Miscanthus floridulus and Stenoloma chusanum, the Cu-oxalate like organic species in rhizosphere soil significantly increased, with corresponding decrease in Cu-goethite. In the root cross-section of Miscanthus floridulus, synchrotron-based micro-X-ray fluorescence (µ-XRF) microscopy and micro-XANES results indicated that most Cu was sequestered around the root surface/epidermis, primarily forming Cu alginate-like species as a Cu-tolerance mechanism. From the root epidermis to the cortex and vascular bundle, more Cu(I)-glutathione was observed, suggesting reductive detoxification ability of Cu(II) to Cu(I) during the transport of Cu in the root. The observation of Cu-histidine in root internal cell layers showed another Cu detoxification pathway based on coordinating amino ligands. Miscanthus floridulus showed ability to accumulate phosphorous and nitrogen nutrients in rhizosphere and may be an option for in situ phytostabilization of metals in contaminated mining area.

4.
Regen Med ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829095

RESUMO

Aim: To determine the efficacy and safety of intracoronary infusion of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCINJ) in combination with intensive atorvastatin (ATV) treatment for patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction-elevation myocardial infarction. Patients & methods: The trial enrolls a total of 100 patients with anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The subjects are randomly assigned (1:1:1:1) to receive routine ATV (20 mg/d) with placebo or MSCsINJ and intensive ATV (80 mg/d) with placebo or MSCsINJ. The primary end point is the absolute change of left ventricular ejection fraction within 12 months. The secondary end points include parameters in cardiac function, remodeling and regeneration, quality of life, biomarkers and clinical outcomes. Results & conclusion: The trial will implicate the essential of cardiac micro-environment improvement ('fertilizing') for cell-based therapy. Clinical Trial Registration: NCT03047772.

5.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(Suppl 3): 894, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758282

RESUMO

In the original article, the word IMMUNOSCORE® was not displayed to reflect its trademark status. At every mention, IMMUNOSCORE® should be in all caps and with a registered trademark symbol.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 695: 133596, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421330

RESUMO

Trace metal contamination prevails in various compartments of the urban environment. Understanding the roles of various anthropogenic sources in urban trace metal contamination is critical for pollution control and city development. In this study, the source contribution from various contamination sources to trace metal contamination (e.g., Cu, Pb, Zn, Co, Cr and Ni) in different environmental compartments in a typical megacity, Guangzhou, southern China, was investigated using the receptor model (Absolute Principal Component Scores-Multiple Linear Regression, APCS-MLR) coupled with the Kriging technique. Lead isotopic data and APCS-MLR analysis identified industrial and traffic emissions as the major sources of trace metals in surface soil, road dust, and foliar dust in Guangzhou. Lead isotopic compositions of road dust and foliar dust exhibited similar ranges, implying their similar sources and potential metal exchange between them. Re-suspended soil contributed to 0-38% and 25-58% of the trace metals in the road dust and foliar dust, respectively, indicating the transport of the different terrestrial dust. Spatial distribution patterns implied that Cu in the road dust was a good indicator of traffic contamination, particularly with traffic volume and vehicle speed. Lead and Zn in foliar dust indicated mainly industrial contamination, which decreased from the emission source (e.g., a power plant and steel factory) to the surrounding environment. The spatial influence of industry and traffic on the contamination status of road dust/foliar dust was successfully separated from that of other anthropogenic sources. This study demonstrated that anthropogenic inputs of trace metals in various environmental compartments (e.g., urban soil, road dust, and foliar dust) can be evaluated using a combined APCS-MLR receptor model and geostatistical analysis at a megacity scale. The coupled use of APCS-MLR analysis, geostatistics, and Pb isotopes successfully deciphered the spatial influence of the contamination sources in the urban environment matrix, providing some important information for further land remediation and health risk assessment.

7.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(12): 4148-4156, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376036

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence suggests that cancer progression is strongly influenced by the host immune response, which is represented by immune cell infiltrates. The T-lymphocyte-based Immunoscore is reported to be a reliable prognostic factor in colon cancer, but its significance in urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) is at an early stage of exploration. This study aimed to determine whether the tumor immune infiltrate, as evaluated by the Immunoscore, could act as a useful prognostic marker for UCB patients who have undergone radical cystectomy (RC). METHODS: In this study, immunohistochemistry was used to examine the Immunoscore of 221 UCB patients who underwent RC. The Immunoscore of the patients was determined by the densities of CD3+ and CD8+ T cells at the tumor center and the invasive margin. RESULTS: A highly significant association between a low Immunoscore and a shortened patient survival (P < 0.001, log-rank test) was demonstrated. In different subsets of UCB patients, a low Immunoscore also was a prognostic indicator of pT ≤ 2, pN(-)-status tumors, negative vascular invasion, or both (P < 0.05). Importantly, the Immunoscore together with the patient's pT status provided significant independent prognostic parameters in the multivariate analysis (P < 0.05). Furthermore, a significant correlation (P = 0.003) of a low Immunoscore with an increased UCB labeling index of Ki-67 (a cell proliferation marker) was observed in this UCB cohort. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that the Immunoscore, as examined by immunohistochemistry, might serve as a novel prognostic marker for UCB patients who have undergone RC.

8.
Am J Transl Res ; 11(7): 4214-4231, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396330

RESUMO

The SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling plays a critical role in the trafficking of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to the sites of tissue damage. Our recent study demonstrated that atorvastatin (ATV) treatment improved the survival of MSCs, and ATV pretreated MSCs (ATV-MSCs) exhibited enhanced engraftment to injured myocardium. In this study, we investigated whether combined treatment with ATV and ATV-MSCs enhances cardiac repair and regeneration by activating SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling in a rat model of acute myocardial infarction. Rats were randomized into eight groups: the Sham, AMI control and 6 other groups that were subjected to AMI followed by treatment with MSCs, ATV, ATV+MSCs, ATV-MSCs, ATV+ATV-MSCs, ATV+ATV-MSCs+AMD3100 (SDF-1/CXCR4 antagonist), respectively. ATV+ATV-MSCs significantly potentiated targeted recruitment of MSCs to peri-infarct myocardium and resulted in further improvements in cardiac function and reduction in scar size compared with MSCs treatment alone at 4-week after AMI. More importantly, the cardioprotective effects conferred by ATV+ATV-MSCs were almost completely abolished by AMD3100 treatment. Together, our study demonstrated that ATV+ATV-MSCs significantly enhanced the targeted recruitment and survival of transplanted MSCs, and resulted in subsequent cardiac function improvement by augmenting SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling.

9.
J Xray Sci Technol ; 27(5): 899-906, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282469

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the difference of 18F-FDG PET/CT images between the symptomatic and asymptomatic pulmonary tuberculosis, as well as the correlation between the standard uptake value (SUV) and the symptomatic/asymptomatic pulmonary tuberculosis. METHODS: A study dataset of 57 pulmonary tuberculosis cases was retrospectively assembled and analyzed. Among these cases, 30 were diagnosed having symptomatic pulmonary tuberculosis and 27 were asymptomatic pulmonary tuberculosis. PET/CT was performed in all 57 cases. The clinical data, CT images and PET/CT radioactive uptake data were analyzed using statistical data analysis software. RESULTS: All 57 cases showed radioactively high uptake, with the maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax) of the lesion ranging from 1.60 to 27.30 and a mean value of 6.63±4.82. The symptomatic cases had an SUVmax of 8.76±4.97 and the asymptomatic cases had an SUVmax of 4.27±3.39. The SUVmax as well as singular or multiple lesions showed statistical differences between symptomatic and asymptomatic cases. CONCLUSION: The symptomatic pulmonary tuberculosis cases show significantly higher SUVmax than the asymptomatic cases. Based on the criteria of SUVmax greater than 2.0 to define active lesions, 100% of symptomatic cases might have active lesions while 70.4% of asymptomatic cases might have active lesions. Therefore, focused attention should be clinically paid on the asymptomatic cases of pulmonary tuberculosis to avoid miss diagnosis and delayed treatment.

10.
J Biol Chem ; 294(29): 11333-11341, 2019 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31175157

RESUMO

Vertebrate myosin-5a is an ATP-utilizing processive motor associated with the actin network and responsible for the transport and localization of several vesicle cargoes. To transport cargo efficiently and prevent futile ATP hydrolysis, myosin-5a motor function must be tightly regulated. The globular tail domain (GTD) of myosin-5a not only functions as the inhibitory domain but also serves as the binding site for a number of cargo adaptor proteins, including melanophilin (Mlph) and Rab-interacting lysosomal protein-like 2 (RILPL2). In this study, using various biochemical approaches, including ATPase, single-molecule motility, GST pulldown assays, and analytical ultracentrifugation, we demonstrate that the binding of both Mlph and RILPL2 to the GTD of myosin-5a is required for the activation of myosin-5a motor function under physiological ionic conditions. We also found that this activation is regulated by the small GTPase Rab36, a binding partner of RILPL2. In summary, our results indicate that RILPL2 is required for Mlph-mediated activation of Myo5a motor activity under physiological conditions and that Rab36 promotes this activation. We propose that Rab36 stimulates RILPL2 to interact with the myosin-5a GTD; this interaction then induces exposure of the Mlph-binding site in the GTD, enabling Mlph to interact with the GTD and activate myosin-5a motor activity.

11.
Am J Pathol ; 189(6): 1284-1297, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953603

RESUMO

A vital constituent of the centrosome involved in regulating the activity of the organelle during the cell cycle is centrosomal protein (CEP)-72, whose function in the case of human cancer yet lacks clarity. The expression dynamics of CEP72 and its clinical impact were examined in a large cohort of bladder tissues. Several experiments at both the in vitro and in vivo levels on urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) cells were conducted to understand the role of this molecule along with the mechanisms. Overexpression of CEP72 in UCB was linked with the acquisition of an aggressive phenotype, which was associated with poor prognosis. In UCB cell lines, knockdown of CEP72 using shRNA was sufficient to inhibit cell invasiveness/metastasis, whereas ectopic overexpression of CEP72 promoted cell invasiveness and/or metastasis both in vitro and in vivo. CEP72 was demonstrated to induce UCB cell aggressiveness via up-regulation of an important target downstream, the serpin family member 1 gene (SERPINE1) (alias plasminogen activator inhibitor, PAI1), ultimately leading to increased cancer cell invasiveness. Particularly, overexpression of CEP72 was associated with a sizable increase in cAMP response element-binding protein binding at the SERPINE1 promoter, leading to increased SERPINE1 transcription. Such observations are suggestive of the potential use of CEP72 as a therapeutic tool for UCB.

12.
Virus Res ; 265: 166-171, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30910699

RESUMO

Papaya ringspot virus watermelon strain (PRSV-W) causes huge economic losses to cucurbits production. Here, we constructed an infectious clone of PRSV-W, pCamPRSV-W, which can induce similar symptoms and accumulate to same levels as wild type virus in plants of Cucurbita pepo, Cucumis melo, Citrullus lanatus and Cucumis sativus. The green fluorescence protein gene gfp was cloned into pCamPRSV-W to produce pCamPRSV-W-GFP, which produced strong green fluorescence in systemic leaves of inoculated Cucurbita pepo, Cucumis melo, Citrullus lanatus and Cucumis sativus plants, indicating that pCamPRSV-W can be used to express foreign genes. Ten mutants of PRSV-W, obtained by site-directed mutagenesis in the RNA silencing suppressor helper-component proteinase encoding region, produced dramatically attenuated symptoms in plants of Cucumis melo. The Cucumis melo plants pre-infected with mutants K125D and G317 K showed effective protection against the challenge inoculation of wild type PRSV-W. The attenuated mutants generated in this study will be helpful for the eco-friendly control of PRSV-W.


Assuntos
Proteção Cruzada , Cucumis/virologia , Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle , Potyvirus/genética , Interferência de RNA , Citrullus/virologia , Cucurbita/virologia , Mutação , Filogenia , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , RNA Viral/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Proteínas Virais/genética
13.
Environ Int ; 126: 717-726, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30878867

RESUMO

Long term mining activities can cause significant metal pollution in the environment, thereby showing potential risk to the paddy field. Elucidating the interfacial processes of trace metals from contaminated paddy soil to rice within the rhizosphere can provide important information on metal biogeochemistry and food safety. The current study aims to explore the spatial distribution and molecular speciation of Cu from rhizosphere to rice plant in a mining-impacted paddy soil, and reveal the possible uptake mechanisms. X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) analysis indicated that Cu was primarily associated with iron oxide and sulfide in soil with a minor proportion of organic complexed species. In the rice samples, Cu showed much higher concentrations in the roots than the shoots, as most Cu was sequestered in the root surface and epidermis (primarily in the form of C/N ligands bound Cu species), rather than root xylem, as identified by micro X-ray fluorescence (µ-XRF) imaging coupling with µ-XANES. By contrast, in the root xylem, thiol-S bound Cu(I) complex was observed, representing the reduced product of Cu(II) by thiol-S ligands in rice root. The absorbed Cu was probably transported from the root to the aerial part as C/N ligand bound Cu complex such as Cu-histidine like species, which was observed in the root xylem. The large retention capacity and reduction of Cu(II) in rice root alleviated Cu toxicity to rice, which was beneficial for food safety (e.g., lower concentration of Cu in rice grains). These findings showed for the first time that the uptake mechanisms by rice from field contaminated sites, which shed light on Cu detoxification process and potential remediation strategies.


Assuntos
Cobre/metabolismo , Oryza/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Solo/química , Transporte Biológico , China , Cobre/química , Mineração , Poluentes do Solo/química
14.
Plant Dis ; 103(3): 422-429, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30632895

RESUMO

Bacterial blight, historically a seed-borne disease of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) is caused by Xanthomonas citri pv. malvacearum, resulted in significant economic losses prior to development of resistant varieties and implementation of acid-delinting of planting seed. Periodic outbreaks have been associated with seed since the early twentieth century; of note, the disease has experienced a resurgence since 2011. Effective management of bacterial blight is dependent on accurate diagnosis and detection of the pathogen. Currently, detection of X. citri pv. malvacearum is performed by time-consuming microbiological methods. In this study, a novel and sensitive TaqMan-based qPCR protocol was developed to test for X. citri pv. malvacearum in cotton plant tissue. The primers developed are specific to five races of X. citri pv. malvacearum, but not to other Xanthomonas species or cotton-associated nonpathogenic bacteria. The efficiency of this assay was evaluated on artificially inoculated cotton leaves and seed, on naturally infected cotton leaves, and on bolls and seed originating from bacterial blight symptomatic bolls. The protocol's efficiency from artificially inoculated plant tissue was 102 copies g-1 and 37 copies from 1 g seed for leaves and seed, respectively. In addition, X. citri pv. malvacearum was detected from 94% of the seed samples originating from blight symptomatic bolls. The qPCR protocol provides a rapid and accurate method for diagnosis and detection of bacterial blight and offers a tool for monitoring X. citri pv. malvacearum and potentially reducing its spread in seed.


Assuntos
Técnicas Microbiológicas/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Xanthomonas , Gossypium/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Folhas de Planta/microbiologia , Sementes/microbiologia , Xanthomonas/genética
15.
Environ Int ; 124: 521-532, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30685454

RESUMO

This paper evaluates a novel sorbent for the removal of potentially toxic elements, inherent cations, and hetero-chloride from hydraulic fracturing wastewater (FWW). A series of iron-biochar (Fe-BC) composites with different Fe/BC impregnation mass ratios (0.5:1, 1:1, and 2:1) were prepared by mixing forestry wood waste-derived BC powder with an aqueous FeCl3 solution and subsequently pyrolyzing them at 1000 °C in a N2-purged tubular furnace. The porosity, surface morphology, crystalline structure, and interfacial chemical behavior of the Fe-BC composites were characterized, revealing that Fe chelated with CO bonds as COFe moieties on the BC surface, which were subsequently reduced to a CC bond and nanoscale zerovalent Fe (nZVI) during pyrolysis. The performance of the Fe-BC composites was evaluated for simultaneous removal of potentially toxic elements (Cu(II), Cr(VI), Zn(II), and As(V)), inherent cations (K, Na, Ca, Mg, Ba, and Sr), hetero-chloride (1,1,2-trichlorethane (1,1,2-TCA)), and total organic carbon (TOC) from high-salinity (233 g L-1 total dissolved solids (TDS)) model FWW. By elucidating the removal mechanisms of different contaminants, we demonstrated that Fe-BC (1:1) had an optimal reducing/charge-transfer reactivity owing to the homogenous distribution of nZVI with the highest Fe0/Fe2+ ratio. A lower Fe content in Fe-BC (0.5:1) resulted in a rapid exhaustion of Fe0, while a higher Fe content in Fe-BC (2:1) caused severe aggregation and oxidization of Fe0, contributing to its complexation/(co-)precipitation with Fe2+/Fe3+. All of the synthesized Fe-BC composites exhibited a high removal capacity for inherent cations (3.2-7.2 g g-1) in FWW through bridging with the CO bonds and cation-π interactions. Overall, this study illustrated the potential efficacy and mechanistic roles of Fe-BC composites for (pre-)treatment of high-salinity and complex FWW.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Cloretos/química , Ferro/química , Águas Residuárias/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Adsorção , Cátions , Fraturamento Hidráulico , Oxirredução
16.
Biosci Rep ; 39(1)2019 01 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30545898

RESUMO

Mammalian myosin-5b (Myo5b) plays a critical role in the recycling of endosomes to the plasma membrane via the interactions with Rab11a and the Rab11 family interacting protein 2 (FIP2). However, it remains unclear on how Rab11a and FIP2 are coordinated in tethering Myo5b with the vesicles and activating the motor function of Myo5b. In the present study, we show that Rab11a binds to the globular tail domain (GTD) of Myo5b and this binding abolishes the head-GTD interaction of Myo5b, thus activating the motor function of Myo5b. On the other hand, FIP2 directly interacts with both Rab11a and the tail of Myo5b, and the binding of FIP2 to Myo5b does not affect Myo5b motor function. Moreover, Rab11a displays higher affinity to FIP2 than to Myo5b, suggesting that Rab11a binds preferentially to FIP2 than to Myo5b. Based on the current findings, we propose that the association of Myo5b with vesicles is mediated by FIP2, which bridges Myo5b and the membrane-bound Rab11a, whereas the motor function of Myo5b is regulated by Rab11a.


Assuntos
Miosinas/metabolismo , Proteínas rab de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Endossomos/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica/fisiologia , Transporte Proteico/fisiologia , Ratos , Células Sf9
17.
Virology ; 527: 38-46, 2019 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30453210

RESUMO

To investigate the role of Tobacco vein banding mosaic virus (TVBMV) 3'-UTR in virus systemic infection, three types of deletions were introduced into TVBMV infectious clone pCaTVBMV-GFP. Mutants with deletions at the nucleotide position 8-42, 43-141, or 163-174 in the 3'-UTR failed to cause systemic infection in N. benthamiana plants. Other deletion mutants caused delayed systemic infection and milder vein clearing and mosaic symptoms. Most progeny mutant virus had acquired nucleotides, similar to or different from the deleted nucleotide sequences, after a single passage in the host plant. Nucleotides at the position 8-42 near the 5'-terminus of TVBMV 3'-UTR could form a stem-loop (SL) like structure which was crucial for TVBMV systemic movement in tobacco. We proposed that this SL like structure, and thus 3'-UTR, has an essential role in TVBMV systemic infection.


Assuntos
Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/fisiologia , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Potyvirus/fisiologia , Tabaco/virologia , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Genoma Viral/genética , Sequências Repetidas Invertidas , Potyvirus/genética , RNA Viral/genética , RNA Viral/metabolismo , Deleção de Sequência
18.
Environ Sci Technol ; 52(24): 14119-14128, 2018 12 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30452241

RESUMO

A new phosphorus (P) removal and recovery process that integrates an FeCl3-dosing, membrane bioreactor (MBR), and side-stream cofermentation was developed for wastewater treatment. The Fe and P species and their transformation mechanisms via aerobic and anaerobic conditions were investigated with X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy. In the new treatment system, 98.4% of the total P in domestic wastewater was removed and retained in activated sludge in the MBR. During the subsequent acidogenic cofermentation with food waste, P in the MBR sludge was released and eventually recovered as vivianite, achieving an overall P recovery efficiency of 61.9% from wastewater. The main pathways for P removal and recovery with iron dosing and acidogenic fermentation were determined by XANES analysis. The results showed that Fe-enhanced P removal with the MBR was mainly achieved by precipitation as ferric phosphate (24.2%) and adsorption onto hydrous iron oxides (60.3%). During anaerobic fermentation, transition from Fe(III)-P to Fe(II)-P complex occurred in the sludge, leading to Fe(II) dissolution and P release. The pH decrease and microbial Fe reduction were crucial conditions for effective P extraction from the MBR sludge. The efficiency of P recovery increased with an increase in the fermentation time and organic load and a decrease of pH in the solution.


Assuntos
Compostos Férricos , Águas Residuárias , Reatores Biológicos , Fósforo , Esgotos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Espectroscopia por Absorção de Raios X
19.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 29(8): 2525-2531, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30182591

RESUMO

Cultivar renewing is important for the increases of wheat yield. Studying changes of different physiological characteristics in the succession process of wheat varieties has great implications for future breeding. The senescence rate of flag leaf is a key factor affecting winter wheat yield. The variation of photosystem II function during senescence of flag leaves of wheat from different ages is still not clear. 31 wheat varieties planted in Henan Province from different ages since 1941 were examined in this experiment. The variation of photosystem II function was analyzed through measu-ring the relative chlorophyll content, and chlorophyll fluorescence induction dynamics during the senescence of flag leaves which were induced by continued dark. The results showed that the chlorophyll content of flag leaves was gradually increased in the succession of winter wheat. The chlorophyll degradation rate in the leaves of modern varieties was lower than the earlier varieties during the senescnece of flag leaves. Meanwhile, J point of the fluorescence induction kinetics curves in flag leaves of modern varieties increased less than I point. The photosystem II maximum photochemical efficiency and the amount of active reaction centers per unit area gradually increased during succession of wheat varieties, but the reduced extent in leaves of modern varieties was lower than that in the earlier ones. There was no significant correlation between the change of chlorophyll content and Fv/Fm in senescent leaves. There was significant positive correlation when the leaves aging degree increased, with the slope of trend line gradually increased. The photosystem II unit area and the amount of active reaction center was positively related with the aging degree, and both the correlation degree and slope of trend line increased with the increases of senescence extent of the leaves. The results suggested that chlorophyll content of flag leaf increased and the degradation rate slowed down gradually during the succession of wheat varieties. The anti-aging ability of photosynthetic electron transfered from QA to QB was improved, which contributed to the slowing down of the decline of Fv/Fm and the amount of active reaction center. The increased chlorophyll content and anti-aging ability of photosystem II also contributed to the increases of yield in the succession of winter wheat.


Assuntos
Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema II/metabolismo , Triticum/fisiologia , Clorofila , Fluorescência , Fotossíntese , Folhas de Planta , Estações do Ano
20.
Cancer Lett ; 435: 10-22, 2018 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30075204

RESUMO

Clinically, most of human urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB)-related deaths result from tumor metastasis, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. Recently, a growing number of tripartite motif (TRIM) family members have been suggested to be important regulators for tumorigenesis. However, the impact of most TRIM members on UCB pathogenesis is unclear. In this study, TRIM65 was first screened as an important oncogenic factor of UCB from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and was validated by a large cohort of clinical UCB tissues. By in vitro and in vivo experiments, we demonstrated that TRIM65 promotes UCB cell invasive and metastatic capacities. Notably, we showed that TRIM65 modulates cytoskeleton rearrangement and induces UCB cells epithelial-mesenchymal transition by the ubiquitination of ANXA2, ultimately leading to an enhanced invasiveness of UCB cells. Importantly, UCBs with high expression of TRIM65 and low expression of ANXA2 showed the poorest outcome. Collectively, our results suggest that the overexpression of TRIM65 has an essential oncogenic role via ubiquitination of ANXA2 in UCB pathogenesis, and that such could be used as a novel prognostic marker and/or therapeutic target for UCB.


Assuntos
Anexina A2/genética , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Animais , Anexina A2/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteólise , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transplante Heterólogo , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
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