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2.
Pol J Microbiol ; 70(2): 1-7, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34131429

RESUMO

Rapid identification of microorganisms in urine is essential for patients with urinary tract infections (UTIs). Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has been proposed as a method for the direct identification of urinary pathogens. Our purpose was to compare centrifugation-based MALDI-TOF MS and short-term culture combined with MALDI-TOF MS for the direct identification of pathogens in urine specimens. We collected 965 urine specimens from patients with suspected UTIs, 211/965 isolates were identified as positive by conventional urine culture. Compared with the conventional method, the results of centrifugation-based MALDI-TOF MS were consistent in 159/211 cases (75.4%), of which 135/159 (84.9%) had scores ≥ 2.00; 182/211 cases (86.3%) were detected using short-term culture combined with MALDI-TOF MS, of which 153/182 (84.1%) had scores ≥ 2.00. There were no apparent differences among the three methods (p = 0.135). MALDI-TOF MS appears to accelerate the microbial identification speed in urine and saves at least 24 to 48 hours compared with the routine urine culture. Centrifugation-based MALDI-TOF MS is characterized by faster identification speed; however, it is substantially affected by the number of bacterial colonies. In contrast, short-term culture combined with MALDI-TOF MS has a higher detection rate but a relatively slow identification speed. Combining these characteristics, the two methods may be effective and reliable alternatives to traditional urine culture.

3.
Nano Lett ; 2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34018755

RESUMO

Oxygen evolution reaction (OER) plays an important role in renewable energy supplies as the anodic reaction for electrochemical transformation of various chemicals. Iron-based OER catalysts are potential candidates due to their abundance but suffer from poor activity. Here we demonstrate that a single-atom iron catalyst with in-situ generated Fe4+ centers is highly active toward OER. Only an overpotential of 320 mV was needed to reach 10 mA cm-2. The catalyst exhibited an ultrahigh turnover frequency of 0.62 s-1 at an overpotential of 0.35 V, which is comparable to currently reported transitional-metal based OER catalysts. Experimental and theoretical studies revealed that the valence state of the metal center transferred from Fe3+ to highly active Fe4+ prior to the OER process. This transformation was originated from the strong interaction between atomic Fe and carbon support via C-O-Fe bonding, leading to a lower energy barrier of the rate-limiting *OOH formation.

4.
Environ Pollut ; 284: 117446, 2021 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34058501

RESUMO

Researches have shown that silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) could reduce both the quantity and quality of sperm. However, the mechanism of toxicity induced by SiNPs in the male reproductive system is still unclear. In this study, male mice were randomly divided into a control group, and SiNPs treated group (20 mg/kg dose; n = 30 per group). Half of the mice per group were sacrificed on 35 days and the remaining on 50 days of the SiNPs exposure. SiNPs were found to decrease sperm count and mobility, increase the sperm abnormality rate, and damage the testes' structure. Furthermore, SiNPs decreased the protein levels of Protamine 1(PRM1) and elevated the histones' levels and suppressed the chromatin condensation of sperm. There was a significant reduction of the ubiquitinated H2A (ubH2A)/H2B (ubH2B) and RING finger protein 8 (RNF8) levels in the spermatid nucleus, while the RNF8 level in the spermatid cytoplasm increased evidently. The protein expression levels of PIWI-like protein 1(MIWI) in the late spermatids significantly increased on day 35 of SiNPs exposure. After 15 days of the withdrawal, the sperm parameters and protamine levels, and histones in the epididymal sperm were unrecovered; however, the changes in testis induced by SiNPs were recovered. Our results suggested that SiNPs could decrease the RNF8 level in the nucleus of spermatid either by upregulating of the expression of MIWI or by inhibiting its degradation. This resulted in the detention of RNF8 in the cytoplasm that maybe inhibited the RNF8-mediated ubiquitination of ubH2A and ubH2B. These events culminated in creating obstacles during the H2A and H2B removal and chromatin condensation, thereby suppressing the differentiation of round spermatids and chromatin remodeling, which compromised the sperm quality and quantity.

6.
J Neuroinflammation ; 18(1): 108, 2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33971906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interleukin 9 (IL-9), produced mainly by T helper 9 (Th9) cells, has been recognized as an important regulator in multiple sclerosis (MS) and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Astrocytes respond to IL-9 and reactive astrocytes always associate with blood-brain barrier damage, immune cell infiltration, and spinal injury in MS and EAE. Several long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) with aberrant expression have been identified in the pathogenesis of MS. Here, we examined the effects of lncRNA Gm13568 (a co-upregulated lncRNA both in EAE mice and in mouse primary astrocytes activated by IL-9) on the activation of astrocytes and the process of EAE. METHODS: In vitro, shRNA-recombinant lentivirus with glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) promoter were performed to determine the relative gene expression and proinflammatory cytokines production in IL-9 treated-astrocytes using Western blot, real-time PCR, and Cytometric Bead Array, respectively. RIP and ChIP assays were analyzed for the mechanism of lncRNA Gm13568 regulating gene expression. Immunofluorescence assays was performed to measure the protein expression in astrocytes. In vivo, H&E staining and LFB staining were applied to detect the inflammatory cells infiltrations and the medullary sheath damage in spinal cords of EAE mice infected by the recombinant lentivirus. Results were analyzed by one-way ANOVA or Student's t test, as appropriate. RESULTS: Knockdown of the endogenous lncRNA Gm13568 remarkably inhibits the Notch1 expression, astrocytosis, and the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3) as well as the production of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines (IL-6, TNF-α, IP-10) in IL-9-activated astrocytes, in which Gm13568 associates with the transcriptional co-activators CBP/P300 which are enriched in the promoter of Notch1 genes. More importantly, inhibiting Gm13568 with lentiviral vector in astrocytes ameliorates significantly inflammation and demyelination in EAE mice, therefore delaying the EAE process. CONCLUSIONS: These findings uncover that Gm13568 regulates the production of inflammatory cytokines in active astrocytes and affects the pathogenesis of EAE through the Notch1/STAT3 pathway. LncRNA Gm13568 may be a promising target for treating MS and demyelinating diseases.

7.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881119

RESUMO

Carbon dots (CDs), a subject of academic research, have attracted intense attention due to their intrinsic merits of high stability, low cost, and low toxicity. However, the absence of highly efficient red-emitting CDs restricts their application in a variety of areas including lasers. In this work, red emissive CDs (R-CDs) with a quantum yield as high as 66.7% were prepared using 1,3-dihydroxynaphthalene as the initial source. It is found that the superior optical properties of R-CDs are attributed to the high oxidation degree and high ratio of hydroxyl functional groups on the surface of CDs. Red emissive random lasing at 612 nm was realized from a microcavity by using the R-CDs/epoxy composite as the gain medium at room temperature. Simultaneously, the transformation of random lasing to Fabry-Perot lasing in the same laser cavity at 250 °C was observed. This is on account of the declining optical gain which is insufficient to support random lasing in the microcavity at high temperatures. As a result, CD based Fabry-Perot lasing was achieved at a temperature as high as 250 °C for the first time.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33840017

RESUMO

Silica nanoparticles (SiNPs), which are the main inorganic components of atmospheric particulate matter, have been proved to have certain male reproductive toxicity in previous studies. Spermatogenesis involves complex epigenetic regulation, but it is still unclear if SiNPs exposure will interfere with the DNA methylation patterns in mouse spermatocytes. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of SiNPs on DNA methylation in the mouse spermatocyte GC-2spd(ts). GC-2 cells were treated with 0 and 20 µg/mL SiNPs for 24 h. MeDIP-seq assay was then performed to analyze the differentially methylated genes related to spermatogenesis. The results showed that SiNPs induced extensive methylation changes in the genome of GC-2 cells, and 24a total of 428 hyper-methylated genes and 398 hypo-methylated genes were identified. Gene Ontology and pathway analysis showed that differential DNA methylation induced by SiNPs was probably involved with abnormal transcription and translation, mitochondrial damage, and cell apoptosis. Results from qRT-PCR verification showed that the expression of spermatogenesis-related genes Akap1, Crem, Spz1, and Tex11 were dysregulated by SiNPs exposure, which was consistent with the MeDIP-seq assay. In general, this study suggested that SiNPs caused genome-wide DNA methylation changes in GC-2 cells, providing valuable reference for the future epigenetic studies in SiNPs-induced male reproductive toxicity.

9.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 6617823, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33763192

RESUMO

Multiple radial fractures have brought great pain to the patients, and the treatment takes a long time and the effect is slow, which seriously affects people's production and life. Traditional conservative treatment methods are mostly used for radius fractures. However, with the development of science and technology of the times, the level of medical treatment is also constantly improving. For radius fractures, the embedded wearable device fixation frame absorption bone nail treatment method has attracted attention. In order to study whether the embedded wearable device fixation frame can treat radius fractures, this article conducted a related survey of radius fracture patients in a hospital in a certain city, reviewed related literature, conducted interviews with professionals and so forth, and collected relevant information. A case template was constructed, and a clinical research model was created using a comprehensive quantitative and qualitative analysis method. The results of the study found that using the research embedded wearable device fixation frame to treat radius fractures with absorption bone nails can achieve good results, and its healing efficiency is about 20% faster than conservative treatment. With decoction, its treatment efficiency can be improved; and the prognostic treatment of the decoction can reduce the complications of the patient's treatment by about 13%. This shows that the embedded wearable device holder absorption bone nail combined with decoction can play an important role in the treatment of multiple radius fractures.

10.
Life Sci ; 274: 119313, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667511

RESUMO

AIMS: To design and evaluate a novel AWRK6 peptide-based long-acting GLP-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1RA) conjugated a recombinant polyethylene glycol mimetic (XTEN protein) with significant therapeutic potential on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) alone as well as Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection in combination with double shRNA. MAIN METHODS: First, four AWRK6 analogs (termed XA-1 to XA-4) were designed and produced by solid phase synthesis strategy. Further surface plasmon resonance (SPR) measurement and in vitro cAMP accumulation assay were performed to detect the GLP-1R binding affinities and GLP-1R activation, respectively. The in vivo efficacy evaluation including pharmacokinetic test, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), hypoglycemic duration test and chronic pharmacodynamics study in rodent animals were all carefully performed. KEY FINDINGS: Four XA peptides were synthesized with purity >99%. High binding affinity as well as activation potency of XA-4 for GLP-1R were demonstrated by SPR and cell-based luciferase reporter assay, respectively. Additionally, XA-4 exhibited the long-lasting antidiabetic effects in the multiple OGTTs, hypoglycemic duration test and chronic study in mice. Furthermore, combined treatment of XA-4 and double shRNA (D-shRNA) achieved potent antiviral effects in HSV-2 infected HEK293 cells. SIGNIFICANCE: XA-4 exhibited promising pharmaceutical potential to be a therapeutic drug for treating T2D, and also held potential to against the HSV-2 infection, which is really an accidental discovery. The strategy of recombinant XTENylation can also be applied to other peptides or small molecules for the development of long-acting therapeutic drugs.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/terapia , Herpes Simples/terapia , Herpesvirus Humano 2/efeitos dos fármacos , Obesidade/complicações , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/farmacologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , RNA Interferente Pequeno/administração & dosagem , Animais , Terapia Combinada , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Herpes Simples/genética , Herpes Simples/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 2/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Obesos , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/química , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética
11.
Amino Acids ; 53(3): 471-484, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33675414

RESUMO

Recent studies on the roles and mechanisms of LL-37 have demonstrated that LL-37 can either serve as a tumor promoter or a tumor suppressor in different cancers. The expression and function of LL-37 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), however, remain unclear. In the present study, we confirmed the down-regulation of LL-37 in HCC tissues and the synthetic LL-37 peptide reduced the viability of HCC cells in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, we demonstrated that LL-37 peptide significantly delayed G1-S transition in Huh7 but not in HepG2 cells by suppressing CyclinD1-CDK4-p21 checkpoint signaling pathway. However, LL-37 caused no obvious apoptosis both in Huh7 and HepG2 cells, though the expression of apoptosis-related genes was strongly changed through qRT-PCR analysis, hinting at the possibility that LL-37 participates in regulating the apoptosis of HCC cells, but may not the only mechanism. Besides, we also identified that LL-37 treatment strongly inhibited the mRNA expression of TLR4 both in Huh7 and HepG2 cells, accompanied with the reduced expression of genes responsible for pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-8 and IL-6. In conclusion, our research suggested that LL-37 may be associated with the development of HCC.

12.
Environ Pollut ; 277: 116771, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652185

RESUMO

Silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) could cause reproductive toxicity. The role of miRNAs in reproductive toxicity induced by SiNPs is still ambiguous. The present study was designed to investigate the role of miRNA-450 b-3p. In vivo, 40 male mice were randomly divided into control, and 20 mg/kg SiNPs groups. The mice were administrated by tracheal perfusion for 35 days. In vitro, spermatocyte cells (GC-2spd cells) were divided into 6 groups: 0 µg/mL SiNPs groups, 5 µg/mL SiNPs groups, 5 µg/mL SiNPs + miRNA-450 b-3p mimic transfection group, 5 µg/mL SiNPs + miRNA-450 b-3p mimic negative control group, 5 µg/mL SiNPs + miRNA-450 b-3p inhibitor transfection group, and 5 µg/mL SiNPs + miRNA-450 b-3p inhibitor negative control group. The results showed that SiNPs induced the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells, decreased the quantity and quality of the sperm, reduced the expressions of miR-450 b-3p, and increased the protein expressions of the MTCH2, BID, BAX, Cytochrome C, Caspase-9, and Caspase-3 in the testis. In vitro, the mimic of miRNA-450 b-3p reversed the decrease of viability and the increase of apoptosis rate and significantly antagonized the expression enhancements of the MTCH2, BID, BAX, Cytochrome C, Caspase-9, Caspase-3 induced by SiNPs, while inhibitor of miRNA-450 b-3p further promoted the effects induced by SiNPs. The result suggested that SiNPs could inhibit the miR-450 b-3p expression resulting in activation of the mitochondrial apoptosis signaling pathways by regulating the MTCH2 in the spermatocyte cells and, thus, induce the reproductive toxicity.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Nanopartículas , Animais , Apoptose , Masculino , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Dióxido de Silício/toxicidade , Espermatócitos
13.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 4389, 2021 02 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33623090

RESUMO

New Jersey was an early epicenter for the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, yet information on hospitalized COVID-19 patients from this area is scarce. This study aimed to provide data on demographics and clinical features of a hospitalized patient population who were confirmed with infection by our in-house (CDI) real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test. We included consecutive patients who were admitted to Hackensack Meridian Health system hospitals with laboratory-confirmed diagnoses of COVID-19 at Hackensack University Medical Center by the CDI virus test between March 12, 2020, and April 8, 2020. Clinical data and viral testing results were collected and analyzed for characteristics associated with outcomes, as well as the correlation with viral load. A total of 722 patients were included in the study, with a median age of 63 (interquartile range (IQR), 51-75) and 272 (37.7%) females. Mortality of this case series was 25.8%, with a statistically significant linear increase observed from age 40 to ≥ 80 by 10-year intervals. Viral load, as indicated by the cycle of threshold (Ct) values from the RT-PCR test, was significantly higher in the oldest patient group (≥ 80), and inversely correlated with survival. This is the first report to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes in a large hospitalized COVID-19 patient series from New Jersey. Findings from this study are valuable to the ongoing response of both nationwide healthcare networks and the medical research community.


Assuntos
COVID-19/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/mortalidade , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , New Jersey , Estudos Retrospectivos , Testes Sorológicos
14.
Reprod Toxicol ; 101: 18-27, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33588013

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is a bioaccumulative heavy metal element with potential placental toxicity during pregnancy. Up to now, however, the precise toxic effects of Cd on human placentae, particularly as they pertain to trophoblast cells remain obscure. We therefore sought to investigate the cytotoxic effects of Cd on human extravillous trophoblast HTR-8/SVneo cells and the mechanisms involved in the processes. Results in this present study showed that CdCl2 treatment significantly suppressed cell viability and induced noticeable oxidative stress in HTR-8/SVneo cells. Further studies showed that CdCl2 treatment caused distortion of mitochondrial structure, reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm), DNA damage and G0/G1 phase arrest. Under the same condition, CdCl2 treatment increased Bax/Bcl-2 ratios by up-regulating Bax expression and down-regulating Bcl-2 expression, and activated apoptotic executive molecule caspase-3, which irreversibly induced HTR-8/SVneo cell apoptosis. N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC), ROS scavenger, significantly attenuated CdCl2-caused mitochondrial injury, DNA damage, G0/G1 phase arrest and apoptosis. In addition, in vivo assay suggested that CdCl2 induced trophoblast cells apoptosis but not other cells in mice placental tissue. Taken together, these data suggest that Cd selectively triggers oxidative stress and mitochondrial injury mediated apoptosis in trophoblast cells, which might contribute to placentae impairment and placental-related disorders after Cd exposure. These findings may provide new insights to understand adverse effects of Cd on placentae during pregnancy.

15.
BMC Biol ; 19(1): 34, 2021 02 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Site-specific C>T DNA base editing has been achieved by recruiting cytidine deaminases to the target C using catalytically impaired Cas proteins; the target C is typically located within 5-nt editing window specified by the guide RNAs. The prototypical cytidine base editor BE3, comprising rat APOBEC1 (rA1) fused to nCas9, can indiscriminately deaminate multiple C's within the editing window and also create substantial off-target edits on the transcriptome. A powerful countermeasure for the DNA off-target editing is to replace rA1 with APOBEC proteins which selectively edit C's in the context of specific motifs, as illustrated in eA3A-BE3 which targets TC. However, analogous editors selective for other motifs have not been described. In particular, it has been challenging to target a particular C in C-rich sequences. Here, we sought to confront this challenge and also to overcome the RNA off-target effects seen in BE3. RESULTS: By replacing rA1 with an optimized human A3G (oA3G), we developed oA3G-BE3, which selectively targets CC and CCC and is also free of global off-target effects on the transcriptome. Furthermore, we created oA3G-BE4max, an upgraded version of oA3G-BE3 with robust on-target editing. Finally, we showed that oA3G-BE4max has negligible Cas9-independent off-target effects at the genome. CONCLUSIONS: oA3G-BE4max can edit C(C)C with high efficiency and selectivity, which complements eA3A-editors to broaden the collective editing scope of motif selective editors, thus filling a void in the base editing tool box.

16.
Science ; 371(6529): 610-613, 2021 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33542132

RESUMO

Although considerable efforts have been made in the selective conversion of syngas [carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen] to olefins through Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS), ~50% of the converted CO is transformed into the undesired one-carbon molecule (C1) by-products [carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4)]. In this study, a core-shell FeMn@Si catalyst with excellent hydrophobicity was designed to hinder the formation of CO2 and CH4 The hydrophobic shell protected the iron carbide core from oxidation by water generated during FTS and shortened the retention of water on the catalyst surface, restraining the side reactions related to water. Furthermore, the electron transfer from manganese to iron atoms boosted olefin production and inhibited CH4 formation. The multifunctional catalyst could suppress the total selectivity of CO2 and CH4 to less than 22.5% with an olefin yield of up to 36.6% at a CO conversion of 56.1%.

17.
Biomaterials ; 269: 120626, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33418199

RESUMO

Antithrombogenicity, anti-inflammation, and rapid re-endothelialization are central requirements for the long-term success of cardiovascular stents. In this work, a plant-inspired phenolic-amine chemistry strategy was developed to combine the biological functions of a plant polyphenol, tannic acid (TA), and the thrombin inhibitor bivalirudin (BVLD) for tailoring the desired multiple surface functionalities of cardiovascular stents. To realize the synergistic modification of TA and BVLD on a stent surface, an amine-bearing coating of plasma polymerized allylamine was firstly prepared on the stent surface, followed by the sequential conjugation of TA and BVLD in alkaline solution based on phenolic-amine chemistry (i.e., Michael addition reaction). TA and BVLD were successfully immobilized onto the stent surface with considerable amounts of 330 ± 12 and 930 ± 80 ng/cm2, respectively. The abundant phenolic hydroxyl groups of TA imparted the stent with ability to suppress inflammation. Meanwhile, BVLD provided an antithrombogenic and endothelial-friendly microenvironment. As a result, the combined functions of the TA and BVLD facilitate the rapid stent re-endothelialization for reduced intimal hyperplasia in vivo, and may be a promising strategy to address the clinical complications associated with restenosis and late stent thrombosis.


Assuntos
Antitrombinas , Polifenóis , Stents/efeitos adversos , Trombose , Aminas , Hirudinas , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Proteínas Recombinantes , Taninos , Trombose/prevenção & controle
18.
Environ Int ; 146: 106307, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33395949

RESUMO

Decabrominated diphenyl ether (BDE-209) and decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE) are common flame retardants utilized in many kinds of electronic and textile products. Due to their persistence and bioaccumulation, BDE-209 and DBDPE extensively exist in the surrounding environment and wild animals. Previous studies have indicated that BDE-209 could induce male reproductive toxicity, whereas those of DBDPE remains relatively rare. In this study, we investigated the effects of both BDE-209 and DBDPE on reproductive system in male SD rats, and explored the potential mechanisms under the reproductive toxicity of BDE-209 and DBDPE. Male rats were orally administered with BDE-209 and DBDPE (0, 5, 50 and 500 mg/kg/day) for a 28-day exposure experiment. The current results showed that BDE-209 and DBDPE led to testicular damage in physiological structure, decreased the sperm number and motility, and increased the sperm malformation rates in rat. Moreover, BDE-209 and DBDPE could damage the telomeric function by shortening telomere length and reducing telomerase activity, which consequently caused cell senescence and apoptosis in testis of rat. This could contribute to the decline of sperm quality and quantity. In conclusion, BDE-209 and DBDPE led to reproductive toxicity by inducing telomere dysfunction and the related cell senescence and apoptosis in testis of SD rat. Comparatively, BDE-209 had more severe effects on male reproduction. Our findings may provide new insight into the potential deleterious effects of BFRs on male reproductive health.


Assuntos
Bromobenzenos , Retardadores de Chama , Animais , Apoptose , Senescência Celular , Retardadores de Chama/toxicidade , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/toxicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reprodução , Telômero
19.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 159: 113-122, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33359960

RESUMO

AIMS: In recent years, the application of large amounts of potash fertilizer in apple orchards leads to worsening KCl stress. Strigolactone (SL), as a novel phytohormone, reportedly participates in plant tolerance to NaCl and drought stresses. However, the underlying mechanism and the effects of exogenous SL on the KCl stress of apple seedlings remain unclear. METHODS: We sprayed different concentrations of exogenous SL on Malus hupehensis Rehd. under KCl stress and measured the physiological indexes like, photosynthetic parameter, content of ROS, osmolytes and mineral element. In addition, the expressions of KCl-responding genes and SL-signaling genes were also detected and analyzed. RESULTS: Application of exogenous SL protected the chlorophyll and maintained the photosynthetic rate of apple seedlings under KCl stress. Exogenous SL strengthened the enzyme activities of peroxidase and catalase, thereby eliminating reactive oxygen species production induced by KCl stress, promoting the accumulation of proline, and maintaining osmotic balance. Exogenous SL expelled K+ outside of the cytoplasm and compartmentalized K+ into the vacuole, increased the contents of Na+, Mg2+, Fe2+, and Mn2+ in the cytoplasm to maintain the ion homeostasis under KCl stress. CONCLUSIONS: Exogenous SL can regulate photosynthesis, ROS migration and ion transport in apple seedlings to alleviate KCl stress.


Assuntos
Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis , Transporte de Íons , Lactonas , Malus , Fotossíntese , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Estresse Fisiológico , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Genes de Plantas/genética , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/farmacologia , Transporte de Íons/efeitos dos fármacos , Lactonas/farmacologia , Malus/efeitos dos fármacos , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Plântula/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Appl Radiat Isot ; 169: 109506, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33340786

RESUMO

The temperature-dependent diffusion coefficient of radon is one of the most important parameters for predicting radon migration in porous media. In order to measure this parameter more effectively and accurately, theoretical formulas were derived by the steady-state one-dimensional equation of radon migration in porous media for designing the corresponding experimental device, which was used to measure the diffusion coefficients of radon in uranium mill tailings. The results show that the diffusion coefficient of radon in porous media increases with increasing the temperature, which is in agreement with existing researches, verifying the method effectiveness. The changes of the diffusion coefficient of radon with the absolute temperature follow a power law.

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