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1.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(10): 1741-1744, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32226293

RESUMO

Recently, more than 300 Chinese patients with psychiatric disorders were diagnosed with the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Possible reasons quoted in the report were the lack of caution regarding the COVID-19 outbreak in January and insufficient supplies of protective gear. We outlined major challenges for patients with psychiatric disorders and mental health professionals during the COVID-19 outbreak, and also discussed how to manage these challenges through further mental health service reform in China.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/complicações , Serviços de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Mental/provisão & distribução , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Surtos de Doenças , Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde , Hospitais Psiquiátricos , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Psiquiatria , Quarentena/psicologia
2.
ChemSusChem ; 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32112521

RESUMO

The photocatalytic reduction of N2 to NH3 is considered a promising strategy to alleviate human need for accessible nitrogen and environmental pollution, for which developing a photocatalyst is an effective method to complete the transformation of this process. We firstly design a series of highly efficient and stable polyoxometalates (POMs)-based zeolitic imidazolate framework-67 (ZIF-67) photocatalysts for N2 reduction. ZIF-67 can effectively fix N2 owing to its porosity. Integration of POMs cluster contributes enormous advantages in terms of broadening the absorption spectrum to improve sunlight utilization, enhance the stability of the materials, effectively inhibit the recombination of photo-generated electron-hole pairs, and reduce charge-transfer impedance. POMs can absorb light to convert into reduced POMs, which have stronger reducing ability to provide ample electrons to reduce N2 . The reduced POMs can recover their oxidation state through contact with an oxidant, which forms a self-recoverable and recyclable photocatalytic fixing N2 system. The photocatalytic activity enhances with the increasing number V substitutions in the POMs. Satisfactorily, ZIF-67@K11 [PMo4 V8 O40 ] (PMo4 V8 ) displays the most significant photocatalytic N2 activity with a NH3 yield of 149.0 µmol L-1 h-1 , which is improved by 83.5 % (ZIF-67) and 78.9 % (PMo4 V8 ). The introduction of POMs provides new insights for the design of high-performance photocatalyst nanomaterials to reduce N2 .

3.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0229542, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32107503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The development of a schistosome vaccine has proved challenging but we have suggested that characterisation of the self-cure mechanism in rhesus macaques might provide a route to an effective product. The schistosome esophagus is a complex structure where blood processing is initiated by secretions from anterior and posterior glands, achieved by a mixture of ~40 unique proteins. The mechanism of self-cure in macaques involves cessation of feeding, after which worms slowly starve to death. Antibody coats the esophagus lumen and disrupts the secretory processes from the glands, potentially making their secretions ideal vaccine targets. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We have designed three peptide arrays comprising overlapping 15-mer peptides encompassing 32 esophageal gland proteins, and screened them for reactivity against 22-week infection serum from macaques versus permissive rabbit and mouse hosts. There was considerable intra- and inter-species variation in response and no obvious unique target was associated with self-cure status, which suggests that self-cure is achieved by antibodies reacting with multiple targets. Some immuno-dominant sequences/regions were evident across species, notably including: MEGs 4.1C, 4.2, and 11 (Array 1); MEG-12 and Aspartyl protease (Array 2); a Tetraspanin 1 loop and MEG-n2 (Array 3). Responses to MEGs 8.1C and 8.2C were largely confined to macaques. As proof of principle, three synthetic genes were designed, comprising several key targets from each array. One of these was expressed as a recombinant protein and used to vaccinate rabbits. Higher antibody titres were obtained to the majority of reactive regions than those elicited after prolonged infection. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: It is feasible to test simultaneously the additive potential of multiple esophageal proteins to induce protection by combining their most reactive regions in artificial constructs that can be used to vaccinate suitable hosts. The efficacy of the approach to disrupt esophageal function now needs to be tested by a parasite challenge.

4.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data on kidney transplantation (KTx) from hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)+ donors to HBsAg- recipients [D(HBsAg+)/R(HBsAg-)] are limited. We aimed to report the outcomes of D(HBsAg+)/R(HBsAg-) KTx in recipients with or without hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb). METHODS: Eighty-three D(HBsAg+)/R(HBsAg-) living KTx cases were retrospectively identified. The 384 cases of KTx from hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb)+ living donors to HBcAb- recipients [D(HBcAb+)/R(HBcAb-)] were used as the control group. Primary endpoint was post-transplant HBsAg -→+. RESULTS: Before KTx, 24 donors (28.9%) in the D(HBsAg+)/R(HBsAg-) group were hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA+, and 20 recipients were HBsAb-. All eighty-three D(HBsAg+)/R(HBsAg-) recipients received HBV prophylaxis, while no D(HBcAb+)/R(HBcAb-) recipients received prophylaxis. After a median follow-up of 36 months (range 6-106) and 36 months (range 4-107) for the D(HBsAg+)/R(HBsAg-) and D(HBcAb+)/R(HBcAb-) groups, respectively, 2/83 (2.41%) D(HBsAg+)/R(HBsAg-) recipients and 1/384 (0.26%) D(HBcAb+)/R(HBcAb-) became HBsAg+, accompanied with HBV DNA+ (P=0.083). The three recipients with HBsAg-→+ were exclusively HBsAb-/HBcAb- before KTx. Recipient deaths were more frequent in the D(HBsAg+)/R(HBsAg-) group (6.02% vs. 1.04%, P=0.011), while liver and graft function, rejection, infection, and graft loss were not significantly different. In univariate analyses, pre-transplant HBsAb-/HBcAb- combination in the D(HBsAg+)/R(HBsAg-) recipients carried a significantly higher risk of HBsAg-→+, HBV DNA-→+, and death. CONCLUSIONS: Living D(HBsAg+)/R(HBsAg-) KTx in HBsAb+ recipients provides excellent graft and patient survivals without HBV transmission. HBV transmission risks should be more balanced with respect to benefits of D(HBsAg+)/R(HBsAg-) KTx in HBsAb-/HBcAb- candidates.

5.
Ann Transplant ; 25: e920224, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND ABO-incompatible (ABOi) living-donor kidney transplantation (KTx) is well established in developed countries, but not yet in China. MATERIAL AND METHODS We developed individualized preconditioning protocols for ABOi KTx based on initial ABO antibody titers. After propensity score matching of ABOi with ABO-compatible (ABOc) KTx, post-transplant outcomes were compared. RESULTS Between September 2014 and June 2018, 48 ABOi living-donor KTx candidates received individualized preconditioning, and all underwent subsequent KTx (median initial ABO titers: 16 for IgM and 16 for IgG). Thirty-one recipients (64.6%) were preconditioned with rituximab (median dose: 200 mg, range: 100-500 mg). Among 37 patients (77.1%) who received pre-transplant antibody removal, the median number of sessions of antibody removal required to achieve ABOi KTx was 2 (range: 1-5), which was conducted between days -10 and -1. Eleven ABOi recipients (22.9%) were preconditioned with oral immunosuppressants alone. Hyperacute rejection led to the loss of 2 grafts in the ABOi group. After a median follow-up of 27.6 months (ABOi group) and 29.8 months (ABOc group), there were no significant differences in graft/recipient survival, rejection, and infection. There were marginally higher rates of severe thrombocytopenia (<50×109/L) (P=0.073) and delayed wound healing (P=0.096) in ABOi recipients. CONCLUSIONS Our individualized preconditioning protocol evolved as our experience grew, and the short-term clinical outcomes of ABOi KTx did not differ from those of matched ABOc patients. ABOi KTx may be a major step forward in expanding the kidney living-donor pool in China.

6.
Stem Cells Dev ; 29(4): 222-234, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830866

RESUMO

The secretome of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) offers a series of immunoregulatory properties and is regarded as an effective method of mitigating secondary neuroinflammation induced by traumatic brain injury (TBI). The secretome of adipose-derived MSCs (ASC-ST) was collected under hypoxia conditions. Proteomics data were analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and concentrations of major components were tested. After the TBI caused by an electric cortical contusion impactor, rats were injected ASC-ST through caudal veins for 7 days. The neurological functional prognosis of TBI rats was significantly improved, and the vasogenic edema of brain tissues that was measured 14 days after TBI was relieved by ASC-ST, corresponding to brain water content levels. ASC-ST ameliorated TBI-induced neuroinflammatory environments that caused the edema, the apoptosis of the neural cells, and the nerve fiber damage by increasing the number of M2 phenotypes present while reducing the number of M1 phenotype microglia present. Furthermore, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels were reduced, whereas transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-ß) and tumor necrosis factor-stimulated gene 6 protein (TSG-6) levels were increased after secretome treatment. Altogether, ASC-ST is capable of improving neural functioning by modulating TBI-induced neuroinflammation and its related secondary insults. ASC-ST may be one of the most promising candidates for regulating the secondary inflammatory reactions of central nervous systems for clinical use.

7.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(12): 5375-5383, 2019 Dec 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854609

RESUMO

The runoff formed by rainfall carrying various land surface materials into rivers and lakes is an important factor leading to a change in water quality, and the characteristics of nitrogen and phosphorus output of rivers under different rainfall intensities are different. This study explores the impact of rainfall intensity on the water quality of the Fengyu River Watershed in the plateau agricultural region, based on the water quality monitoring data of the export section of the Fengyu River Watershed from 2011 to 2013, combined with local rainfall monitoring. The effects of four rainfall intensities (light rain, moderate rain, heavy rain, and torrential rain) on the content of different nitrogen and phosphorus components in water were analyzed. The results show that the rainfall intensity has a significant effect on the nitrogen and phosphorus emissions of the Fengyu River Watershed. The average nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations of all components are lower in light rain (<10 mm) and moderate rain (10-25 mm), and higher in heavy rain (25-50 mm) and torrential rain (50-100 mm). The percentage of NH4+-N (57.14%-76.85%) to TN is larger than that of PN (23.15%-42.86%), and the percentage of TDP (22.73%-28.00%) to TP is smaller than that of PP (72.00%-77.27%). The nitrogen concentration of different forms is:TN > NH4+-N > PN; the phosphorus concentration of different forms is:TP > PP > TDP.

8.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(23)2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766778

RESUMO

Low power wide area network (LoRaWAN) protocol has been widely used in various fields. With its rapid development, security issues about the awareness and defense against malicious events in the Internet of Things must be taken seriously. Eavesdroppers can exploit the shortcomings of the specification and the limited consumption performance of devices to carry out security attacks such as replay attacks. In the process of the over-the-air-activation (OTAA) for LoRa nodes, attackers can modify the data because the data is transmitted in plain text. If the user's root key is leaked, the wireless sensor network will not be able to prevent malicious nodes from joining the network. To solve this security flaw in LoRaWAN, we propose a countermeasure called Secure-Packet-Transmission scheme (SPT) which works based on the LoRaWAN standard v1.1 to prevent replay attacks when an attacker has obtained the root key. The proposed scheme redefines the format of join-request packet, add the new One Time Password (OTP) encrypted method and changes the transmission strategy in OTAA between LoRa nodes and network server. The security evaluation by using the Burrows-Abadi-Needham logic (BAN Logic) and the Scyther shows that the security goal can be achieved. This paper also conducts extensive experiments by simulations and a testbed to perform feasibility and performance analysis. All results demonstrate that SPT is lightweight, efficient and able to defend against malicious behavior.

9.
Behav Sleep Med ; : 1-14, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672062

RESUMO

Objective: Poor sleep quality is common in nursing staff. This meta-analysis aimed to examine the pooled prevalence of poor sleep quality in nursing staff.Methods: A systematic search in PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases was performed. Studies that reported sleep quality measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were synthesized using a random-effects model.Results: Fifty-three studies were analyzed. The pooled prevalence of poor sleep quality was 61.0% (95% CI: 55.8-66.1%). The pooled total PSQI score was 7.13 ± 0.18 (95% CI: 6.78-7.50). The pooled component scores were 1.47 ± 0.20 (95% CI of mean score: 1.08-1.85) in sleep latency, 0.91 ± 0.15 (95% CI of mean score: 0.61-1.21) in sleep duration, 1.59 ± 0.13 (95% CI of mean score: 1.35-1.84) in overall sleep disturbances, 0.33 ± 0.18 (95% CI of mean score: 0-0.67) in sleeping medication, 1.21 ± 1.20 (95% CI of mean score: 0.83-1.60) in daytime dysfunction, 1.39 ± 0.14 (95% CI of mean score: 1.11-1.67) in subjective sleep quality, and 0.66 ± 0.11 (95% CI of mean score: 0.44-0.87) in habitual sleep efficiency. Subgroup and meta-regression analyses found that PSQI cutoff values, mean age, body mass index (BMI), sample size, study quality, and work experience moderated the prevalence of poor sleep quality.Conclusions: Poor sleep quality appears to be common in nursing staff. Considering its negative impact on health, effective measures should be taken to improve poor sleep quality in this population. Longitudinal studies should be conducted to examine the contributing factors of nurses' poor sleep quality.

10.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 30(11): 123, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686219

RESUMO

Prognosis and treatment evaluation of spinal cord injury (SCI) are still in the long-term research stage. Prognostic factors for SCI treatment need effective biomarker to assess therapeutic effect. Quantitative diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) may become a potential indicators for assessing SCI repair. However, its correlation with the results of locomotor function recovery and tissue repair has not been carefully studied. The aim of this study was to use quantitative DTI to predict neurological repair of SCI with transplanting collagen/chitosan scaffold binding basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). To achieve our research goals, T10 complete transection SCI model was established. Then collagen/chitosan mixture adsorbed with bFGF (CCS/bFGF) were implanted into rats with SCI. At 8 weeks after modeling, implanting CCS/bFGF demonstrated more significant improvements in locomotor function according to Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) score, inclined-grid climbing test, and electrophysiological examinations. DTI was carried out to evaluate the repair of axons by diffusion tensor tractgraphy (DTT), fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), a numerical measure of relative white matter from the rostral to the caudal. Parallel to locomotor function recovery, the CCS/bFGF group could significantly promote the regeneration of nerve fibers tracts according to DTT, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Bielschowsky's silver staining and immunofluorescence staining. Positive correlations between imaging and locomotor function or histology were found at all locations from the rostral to the caudal (P < 0.0001). These results demonstrated that DTI might be used as an effective predictor for evaluating neurological repair after SCI in experimental trails and clinical cases.

11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 3002-3009, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602846

RESUMO

A UPLC method has been developed for simultaneous determination of nine furanocoumarins of Angelica dahurics,and was used for quality evaluation of A. dahurica from different habitats. ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 chromatographic column was employed,the separation was performed with the mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water,and the detection wavelength was set at254 nm. This method was used to simultaneously determine the content of xanthotoxol,oxypeucedaninhydrate,byak-angelicin,psoralen,xanthotoxin,bergapten,oxypeucedanin,imperatorin and isoimperatorin in A. dahurica from different habitats. Then,the further quality assessment of the drug was carried out by similarity evaluation,cluster analysis( CA),principal component analysis( PCA),and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis( OPLS-DA). The content order of measured furanocoumarins from high to low was: oxypeucedanin>imperatorin>isoimperatorin>oxypeucedaninhydrate>bergapten>byak-angelicin>xanthotoxin>xanthotoxol>psoralen,with the mean content 2. 844,1. 277,0. 649 2,0. 216 2,0. 129 8,0. 062 68,0. 052 68,0. 019 30,0. 018 19 mg·g-1,respectively. There were difference between the batches of the drug,and the quality was influenced by smouldering sulphur based on the results of chemical pattern recognition and content determination. Finally,six active ingredients were recognized as the quality makers using OPLS-DA method. The validated UPLC fingerprint combined with chemical pattern recognition method can be used in the quality control and evaluation of A. dahurica.


Assuntos
Angelica/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Ecossistema , Furocumarinas/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Controle de Qualidade
12.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(9): 643-8, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532132

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on muscular atrophy and expression of microRNAs (Mir-1, Mir-133a, Mir-133b) and some proliferation-related factors of muscle satellite cells as histone deacetylase4 (HDAC4) and the paired box transcription factor Pax7 (Pax7) in skeletal muscle atrophy rats. METHODS: Twenty-four male SD rats were randomly and equally divided into sham operation, model and EA groups. The skeletal muscle atrophy model was established by transection of the right sciatic nerve. EA (2 Hz, 1 mA) was applied to the right "Zusanli"(ST36) and "Huantiao"(GB30) for 10 min, once a day, seven times a week for 2 weeks. The wet weight of bilateral gastrocnemius muscles was measured to calculate the ratio of weight between the affected gastrocnemius muscle and healthy gastrocnemius muscle. The cross-sectional area (CSA) of the gastrocnemius muscle on the affected side was measured after H.E. staining. The expression levels of Mir-1, Mir-133a, Mir-133b, HDAC4 mRNA and Pax7 mRNA in the gastrocnemius muscle tissue were detected using quantitative real time-PCR. RESULTS: Compared with the sham operation group, the ratio of wet weight and CSA of the gastrocnemius muscle, and the expression levels of Mir-1 and Mir-133a were significantly decreased in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05), while the expression levels of HDAC4 mRNA and Mir-133b significantly up-regulated in the model group (P<0.05). Following EA intervention, the decreased levels of the ratio of wet weight and CSA of the gastrocnemius muscle were significantly suppressed (P<0.01), suggesting an inhibition of the skeletal muscle atrophy, and the expression levels of Pax7 and HDAC4 mRNAs were notably up-regulated (P<0.05), and those of Mir-1, Mir-133a and Mir-133b were significantly or further significantly down-regulated relevant to the model group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: EA intervention can delay muscular atrophy in rats with denervated gastrocnemius muscle, which may be related with its function in up-regulating the expression of Pax7 and HDAC4 mRNAs and down-regulating the expression of Mir-1, Mir-133a and Mir-133b.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Masculino , MicroRNAs , Músculo Esquelético , Atrofia Muscular , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(41): 37927-37938, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549811

RESUMO

The nitrogen (N2) reduction to generate ammonia (NH3) is a prerequisite for inputting fixed nitrogen (N) into a global biogeochemical cycle. Developing highly efficient photocatalysts for N2 fixation under mild conditions is still a challenge. Herein, we first report three kinds of reduction states of graphene oxide (GO)@polyoxometalate (POM) composite nanomaterials, which have outstanding photocatalytic N2 fixation activities in pure water without any other electronic sacrificial agents and cocatalysts at atmospheric pressure and room temperature. A lot of experiments show that the remarkable photocatalytic N2 fixation performance of these three nanocatalysts is due to three factors that doping the reduced POMs (also called heteropoly blues) into the reduce GO (rGO) reduces the aggregation state of rGO (from 5 to 2 nm), resulting in rGO exposing many active sites to enhance the N2 adsorption amount, these three nanocatalysts possess a wide absorption spectrum and strong reducibility, which facilitate absorb light energy exciting abundant photoelectrons to activate N2, and rGO can effectively suppress the electrons recombination and rapidly transfer electrons to the absorbed N2 to accelerate NH3 production. Among them, r-GO@H5[PMo10V2O40] (PMo10V2) exhibits the highest NH3 generation efficiency of 130.3 µmol L-1 h-1, which is improved by 65.9 and 97.3% compared to the reduced PMo10V2 (rPMo10V2) and PMo10V2. Introduction of POMs provides a new perspective in the design of high-performance photocatalytic N2 fixation nanomaterials.

14.
J Neurochem ; 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31465551

RESUMO

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a dominant cause of death and permanent disability worldwide. Although TBI could significantly increase the proliferation of adult neural stem cells in the hippocampus, the survival and maturation of newborn cells is markedly low. Increasing evidence suggests that the secretome derived from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) would be an ideal alternative to MSC transplantation. The successive and microenvironmentally responsive secretion in MSCs may be critical for the functional benefits provided by transplanted MSCs after TBI. Therefore, it is reasonable to hypothesize that the signaling molecules secreted in response to local tissue damage can further facilitate the therapeutic effect of the MSC secretome. To simulate the complex microenvironment in the injured brain well, we used traumatically injured brain tissue extracts to pretreat umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) in vitro and stereotaxically injected the secretome from traumatic injury-preconditioned UCMSCs into the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus in a rat severe TBI model. The results revealed that compared with the normal secretome, the traumatic injury-preconditioned secretome could significantly further promote the differentiation, migration, and maturation of newborn cells in the dentate gyrus and ultimately improve cognitive function after TBI. Cytokine antibody array suggested that the increased benefits of secretome administration were attributable to the newly produced proteins and up-regulated molecules from the MSC secretome preconditioned by a traumatically injured microenvironment. Our study utilized the traumatic injury-preconditioned secretome to amplify neurogenesis and improve cognitive recovery, suggesting this method may be a novel and safer candidate for nerve repair. OPEN SCIENCE BADGES: This article has received a badge for *Open Materials* because it provided all relevant information to reproduce the study in the manuscript. The complete Open Science Disclosure form for this article can be found at the end of the article. More information about the Open Practices badges can be found at https://cos.io/our-services/open-science-badges/.

15.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2013: 3-27, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267490

RESUMO

Malaria has infected and killed humans since long before history began recording evidence of the parasite's pernicious influence. The extraordinary discoveries of the Plasmodium parasite by Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran in 1880, and the role of the Anopheles mosquito in transmission of the parasite to humans by Sir Ronald Ross in 1897, led to an understanding of the parasite life cycle and ultimately to the development of interventions that would interrupt disease transmission. Almost as soon as the insecticidal properties of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) were discovered in 1939, the public health profession began battling to achieve a world free of malaria. That vision persists as the aim of all malariologists and, increasingly, the goal of all nations that remain endemic for malaria. This chapter recounts the history of malaria eradication and elimination efforts throughout the world and focuses on the current status of country-led and country-driven malaria elimination programs, along with the technical strategies recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) for achievement of malaria elimination.

16.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 47(1): 2989-2993, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315459

RESUMO

Background and objective: Atrial electrical remodelling (AER) was significantly associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) development. Polymorphisms in hyperpolarization activated cyclic nucleotide gated potassium channel 4 (HCN4) gene might be correlated with AER. In the present study, we explored the association of HCN4 polymorphisms (rs498005 and rs7164883) with lone AF risk in a Chinese Han population. Methods: In this case-control study, the Sanger sequencing method was utilized to genotype the HCN4 polymorphisms. Relative risk of AF was assessed by the χ2 test, and presented by odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Logistic regression analysis was performed for multivariate analysis. The effects of HCN4 polymorphisms on AF clinical features were analyzed by the Mann-Whitney U test and adjusted by the Bonferroni method. Results: C allele of rs498005 was significantly correlated with increased risk of AF (OR = 1.412, 95%CI = 1.012-1.970), and the association still exited after adjustment by age, gender, the status of smoking and drinking, histories of diabetes, hyperlipidaemia and myocardial infarction (adjusted OR = 1.473, 95%CI = 1.043-2.081). G allele of rs7164883 SNP was marginally associated with enhanced AF risk after adjustment by the above clinical parameters (adjusted OR = 1.742, 95%CI = 1.019-2.980). Atrial late potential (ALP), including TP (P wave duration after filtering) and LP20 (the amplitude of superimposed potential in the final 20 ms of P wave) were significantly associated with rs498005 genotype (p < .001). Conclusion: HCN4 rs498005 and rs7164883 polymorphisms are significantly associated with AF risk.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Canais Disparados por Nucleotídeos Cíclicos Ativados por Hiperpolarização/genética , Proteínas Musculares/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Canais de Potássio/genética , Fibrilação Atrial/patologia , China/etnologia , Grupos Étnicos/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 65(5): 73-78, 2019 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31304910

RESUMO

Heweijiangni decoction (HWJND) is an effective traditional Chinese medicine prescription in clinical treatment of nonerosive reflux disease (NERD). Esophageal hypersensitivity and acid contribute to the disease. However, the exact underlying mechanism of action remains unclear. In this study, we observed the effect of HWJND on esophageal morphology in a rat model of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced visceral hypersensitivity followed by acid exposure. Esophageal morphology was assessed by measuring the extent of dilated intercellular spaces (DIS), desmosome disruption, and mitochondrial fragmentation. HWJND in low, moderate, and high doses relieved DIS and desmosome disruption in esophageal epithelium compared with model group (P<0.05 for all doses). In addition, HWJND in high dose protected mitochondria from fragmentation (P<0.05). Other findings suggest that DIS and mitochondrial fragmentation are independent events, and that omeprazole protects mitochondria. Overall, HWJND significantly resists esophageal morphology changes in OVA-induced and acid exposure rat model.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Esôfago/efeitos dos fármacos , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/induzido quimicamente , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Clorídrico/farmacologia , Ovalbumina/farmacologia , Animais , Desmossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Esôfago/patologia , Espaço Extracelular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Clorídrico/administração & dosagem , Injeções Intraperitoneais , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Omeprazol/farmacologia , Ovalbumina/administração & dosagem , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
18.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 8256, 2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31164667

RESUMO

Mid-infrared (MIR) and near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy combined with chemometrics were explored to classify Cabernet Sauvignon wines from different countries (Australia, Chile and China). Commercial wines (n = 540) were scanned in transmission mode using MIR and NIR, and their characteristic fingerprint bands were extracted at 1750-1000 cm-1 and 4555-4353 cm-1. Through the identification system of Tri-step infrared spectroscopy, the correlation between macroscopic chemical fingerprints and geographical regions was explored more deeply. Furthermore, Principal component analysis (PCA), soft independent modelling of class analogy (SIMCA) and discriminant analysis (DA) based on MIR and NIR spectra were used to visualize or discriminate differences between samples and to realize geographical origin traceability of Cabernet Sauvignon wines. Through "external test set (n = 157)" validation, SIMCA models correctly classified 97%, 97% and 92% of Australian, Chilean and Chinese Cabernet Sauvignon wines, while the DA models correctly classified 86%, 85% and 77%, respectively. Based on unique digital fingerprints of spectroscopy (FT-MIR and FT-NIR) associated with chemometrics, geographical origin traceability was achieved in a more comprehensive, effective and rapid manner. The developed database models based on IR fingerprint spectroscopy with chemometrics could provide scientific basis and reference for geographical origin traceability of Cabernet Sauvignon wines (Australia, Chile and China).

19.
Front Psychiatry ; 10: 178, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31031647

RESUMO

Objective: This study examined the effect of Xiaoyaosan and its anti-stress mechanism in rats subjected to chronic immobilization stress at the whole genome level. Methods: Rat whole genome expression chips (Illumina) were used to detect differences in hippocampal gene expression in rats from the control group (CN group), model group (M group) and Xiaoyaosan group (XYS group) that were subjected to chronic immobilization stress. The Gene Ontology terms and signaling pathways that were altered in the hippocampus gene expression profile were analyzed. The network regulating the transcription of the differentially expressed genes was also established. To verify the results from the gene chips, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to determine the expression of the GABRA1, FADD, CRHR2, and CDK6 genes in hippocampal tissues. In situ hybridization (ISH) and immunohistochemistry were used to determine the expression of the GABRA1 and CRHR2 genes and proteins, respectively. Results: Compared with the CN group, 566 differentially expressed genes were identified in the M group. Compared with the M group, 544 differentially expressed genes were identified in the XYS group. In the M and XYS groups, multiple significantly upregulated or downregulated genes functioned in various biological processes. The cytokine receptor interaction pathway was significantly inhibited in the hippocampus of the model group. The actin cytoskeleton regulation pathway was significantly increased in the hippocampus of the XYS group. The inhibition of hippocampal cell growth was the core molecular event of network regulating the transcription of the differentially expressed genes in the model group. Promotion of the regeneration of hippocampal neurons was the core molecular event of the transcriptional regulatory network in the XYS group. The levels of the GABRA1, FADD, CRHR2 and CDK6 mRNAs, and proteins were basically consistent with the results obtained from the gene chip. Conclusion: XYS may have the ability of resistance to stress, enhancement immunity and promotion nerve cell regeneration by regulating the expression of multiple genes in numerous pathways and repaired the stress-induced impairments in hippocampal structure and function by inducing cytoskeletal reorganization. These results may provide the possible target spots in the treatment of stress in rats with XYS.

20.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 35(5): 303-309, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30887645

RESUMO

Raised triglycerides (TG) and reduced high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) are components of metabolic syndrome. Both high TG and metabolic syndrome have been reported to be risk factors of endometrial cancer. Therefore, triglycerides-to-high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (TG/HDL-c ratio) may be a useful biological indicator in managing endometrial cancer. We aimed to explore the association between pretreatment TG/HDL-c ratio and endometrial cancer in postmenopausal women, and to evaluate its potential role in the disease. Pretreatment serum lipid profile and TG/HDL-c ratio were retrospectively analyzed for 167 postmenopausal women with endometrial cancer and 464 matched noncancer controls. Compared with controls, pretreatment TG/HDL-c ratio in endometrial cancer patients significantly elevated regardless of whether patients had diabetes or overweight/obesity (P < 0.05). Further analyses showed that pretreatment TG/HDL-c ratio increased significantly with advanced tumor stage. Interestingly, TG/HDL-c ratio of type I endometrial cancer patients was higher than those with type II endometrial cancer. A positive association was found between pretreatment TG/HDL-c ratio and tumor stage (adjusted r = 0.176, P = 0.027) in endometrial cancer group. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis yielded the cut-off value of 1.52 for TG/HDL-c ratio to discriminate patients with cancer from controls (area under the curve, 0.689; sensitivity, 51.5%; specificity, 84.1%). Multivariate logistic regression model identified TG/HDL-c ratio ≥ 1.52 (odds ratio = 4.123; P < 0.001) as an independent predictor of endometrial cancer. TG/HDL-c ratio was positively associated with endometrial cancer clinical features, such as tumor stage and pathogenetic type. Accordingly, pretreatment TG/HDL-c ratio might be a potential marker for endometrial cancer.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Endometrioide/sangue , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Neoplasias do Endométrio/sangue , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Obesidade/sangue , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Carcinoma Endometrioide/complicações , Carcinoma Endometrioide/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Endometrioide/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Complicações do Diabetes , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/complicações , Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Metabólica/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/patologia , Pós-Menopausa/sangue , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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