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1.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 688, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pekin duck is an important animal model for its ability for fat synthesis and deposition. However, transcriptional dynamic regulation of adipose differentiation driven by complex signal cascades remains largely unexplored in this model. This study aimed to explore adipogenic transcriptional dynamics before (proliferation) and after (differentiation) initial preadipocyte differentiation in ducks. RESULTS: Exogenous oleic acid alone successfully induced duck subcutaneous preadipocyte differentiation. We explored 36 mRNA-seq libraries in order to study transcriptome dynamics during proliferation and differentiation processes at 6 time points. Using robust statistical analysis, we identified 845, 652, 359, 2401 and 1933 genes differentially expressed between -48 h and 0 h, 0 h and 12 h, 12 h and 24 h, 24 h and 48 h, 48 h and 72 h, respectively (FDR < 0.05, FC > 1.5). At the proliferation stage, proliferation related pathways and basic cellular and metabolic processes were inhibited, while regulatory factors that initiate differentiation enter the ready-to-activate state, which provides a precondition for initiating adipose differentiation. According to weighted gene co-expression network analysis, pathways positively related to adipogenic differentiation are significantly activated at the differentiation stage, while WNT, FOXO and other pathways that inhibit preadipocyte differentiation are negatively regulated. Moreover, we identified and classified more than 100 transcription factors that showed significant changes during differentiation, and found novel transcription factors that were not reported to be related to preadipoctye differentiation. Finally, we manually assembled a proposed regulation network model of subcutaneous preadipocyte differentiation base on the expression data, and suggested that E2F1 may serve as an important link between the processes of duck subcutaneous preadipocyte proliferation and differentiation. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time we comprehensively analyzed the transcriptome dynamics of duck subcutaneous preadipocyte proliferation and differentiation. The current study provides a solid basis for understanding the synthesis and deposition of subcutaneous fat in ducks. Furthermore, the information generated will allow future investigations of specific genes involved in particular stages of duck adipogenesis.

2.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 32(6): 427-437, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262388

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to characterize the diagnostic and vaccine potential of a novel Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigen Rv0674. METHODS: To evaluate the diagnostic potential and antigenicity of Rv0674, IgG was evaluated using ELISA and interferon (IFN)-γ was done by using ELISpot assay among TB patients and healthy donors. For immunogenicity evaluation, BALB/c mice were immunized with Rv0674. Cytokine production was determined by cytokine release assay using an ELISA kit, and the antibodies were tested using ELISA. RESULTS: The results of serum Elisa tests showed that Rv0674 specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) response was higher in TB patients than negative controls. And Rv0674 had good performance in serological test with sensitivity and specificity of 77.1% and 81.1%, respectively. While it shows poor sensitivity and specificity of 26.23% and 79.69% for IFN-γ tests. In BALB/c mice, Rv0674 adjuvant by DDA/Poly I:C could also induce a high level of IFN-γ, interleukin-2 and interleukin-6 as well as a high IgG titer in both high- and low-dose groups indicating that Rv0674 is essential in humoral and cellular immunity. Moreover, the cytokine profile and IgG isotype characterized Rv0674 as a Th1/Th2-mixed-type protective immunity with the predominance of Th1 cytokines. CONCLUSION: Rv0674 may be a good potential candidate for the development of TB serological diagnosis and a new TB vaccine.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Bactérias/imunologia , Tuberculose/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade Celular , Imunidade Humoral , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(11): 2338-2347, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359661

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to observe the combination therapy with total triterpenoids of Chaenomeles speciosa and omeprazole on indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer in rats, and explore its possible mechanism. Rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, omeprazole monotherapy(3.6 mg·kg~(-1)) group, total triterpenoids of C. speciosa monotherapy(100 mg·kg~(-1)) group, total triterpenoids of C. speciosa and omeprazole combination therapy(100 mg·kg~(-1)+3.6 mg·kg~(-1)) group. Except for the normal group, the other groups were given indomethacin(20 mg·kg~(-1)) by oral once a day for 7 consecutive days. Then the treated groups were given corresponding drugs by gavage, once a day for 14 consecutive days. The next day after the last administration, half of the rats in each group were measured the gastric mucosal blood flow, gastric juice volume and serum TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-4 and IL-10. After the remaining rats in each group were underwent pyloric ligation 4 hours after the last administration, the gastric endocrine volume, pH value and total acidity of gastric secretion were measured, then histological analysis was performed, MPO activity, cAMP content and histomorphological analysis were conducted. Real-time PCR was applied to detect the mRNA expressions of gastric tissue TNF-α,IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-4, IL-10, VEGFA, A_(2A)R; the protein expressions of VEGFA, A_(2A)R, PKA, p-PKA, CREB, p-CREB, EGF, EGFR, p-EGFR, MUC6, TFF2 in gastric tissue were detected by Western blot. The results indicated that total triterpenoids of C. speciosa and omeprazole combination therapy might significantly increase gastric mucosal blood flow, gastric mucus volume, reduce gastric endocrine volume, secretion acidity and mucosal damage, decrease the levels of TNF-α,IL-1ß and IL-6, increase the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 in blood and gastric tissue, inhibit the activity of MPO, increase the content of cAMP in gastric tissue, up-regulate the mRNA expressions of VEGFA, A_(2A)R and protein expressions of VEGFA, A_(2A)R, PKA, p-PKA, CREB, p-CREB, EGF, EGFR, p-EGFR, MUC6, TFF2 in gastric tissue, elevate p-PKA/PKA, p-CREB/CREB and p-EFGR/EFGR. Moreover, the combination therapy with total triterpenoids of C. speciosa and omeprazole was more obvious than those of two monotherapies. These aforementioned findings suggested that the combination therapy with total triterpenoids of C. speciosa and omeprazole on indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer have significant therapeutic effect on indomethacin induced gastric ulcer in rats, its mechanism might be related to regulating A_(2A)R/AKT/CREB, A_(2A)R/VEGFA, EGF/EGFR and MUC6/TFF2 signaling pathways, inhibiting pro-inflammatory factors, increasing gastric mucosal blood flow, up-regulating mucosal cell proliferation factors and promoting mucosal protective factors.


Assuntos
Omeprazol/farmacologia , Rosaceae/química , Úlcera Gástrica/tratamento farmacológico , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Citocinas , Mucosa Gástrica , Indometacina , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Úlcera Gástrica/induzido quimicamente , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
4.
Fish Physiol Biochem ; 45(4): 1431-1443, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267430

RESUMO

Connective tissue growth factor (ctgf) is involved in the proliferation, migration, adhesion of cell, and the constituent of extracellular matrix, which plays an important role in embryogenesis, angiogenesis, wound repair, and fibrosis diseases. In this study, the cDNA sequence of grass carp ctgf gene was cloned by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) method; then, the characteristics of this gene and the predicted protein sequence were analyzed by bioinformatics methods, and the tissue differential expression pattern was detected by the quantitative real-time PCR. The results showed that the grass carp ctgf gene has a full-length of 2223 bp, encoding 343 amino acids. The deduced CTGF protein is a hydrophilic and secretary protein with a molecular mass of 37,978.2 Da and an isoelectric point of 8.22. The signal peptide locates between residue positions 1 and 22 of the polypeptide chain. The protein contains α-helix, ß-strand, and loops. The CTGF protein of grass carp shows a homology of 98%, 96%, 91%, and 91% with Wuchang bream (Megalobrama amblycephala), zebrafish (Danio rerio), common carp (Cyprinus carpio), and Mexican tetra (Astyanax mexicanus). The grass carp ctgf gene expressed significantly higher in blood and spleen than that in other tissues (P < 0.05). The low expression tissues included the heart, gill, skin, muscle, kidney, brain, and intestinal, and the lowest expression tissue was the liver. The results are consistent with the function of this gene.

5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 241: 112028, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31195030

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has many obvious advantages in the treatment of chronic conditions such as urinary tract infection (UTI). Dongbai-Tonglin-Fang (DBTL), a Chinese herbal formula, has been used for the treatment of UTI for more than 40 years with proven efficacy. However, its mechanism of action is still unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of DBTL and its mechanism of action in a rat UTI model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: E. coli solution induced UTI rat model was used to evaluate the therapeutic effect of DBTL on UTI. Biochemical indicators related to UTI were measured. The kidney tissue was stained with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) to observe pathological changes whilst the ear swelling, feet swelling, hot plate and body torsion tests were used to estimate the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of DBTL. RESULTS: After treatment with different doses of DBTL (1, 2, 4 g/kg), a decrease in weight of the kidney in the UTI rat model was observed. The contents of white blood cell, nitrite, urinary albumin, ketone body, bilirubin and occult blood in the urine were also reduced whilst an increase in the pH of urine was observed. HE staining showed that the pathological changes in the kidney tissue were alleviated. At the same time, ear swelling assay showed that the weight and the degree of swelling of the ear of the mice in DBTL groups were decreased remarkably. DBTL also reduced the degree of feet swelling of the rats caused by the adjuvant. Furthermore, with the DBTL treatment, the latency period of foot licking induced by thermal stimulation was increased while the number of twists was lessened. CONCLUSION: These results show that DBTL has an excellent therapeutic effect on UTI rats accompanying with anti-inflammation and analgesia. The data presented here lays the foundations for further investigations in the treatment of UTI.

6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(5): 1004-1009, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30989862

RESUMO

Gastrodia elata B1.,a traditional Chinese medicine,was frequently applied as a cure for headache or migraine. Its effects include suppressing hyperactive liver,calming endogenous wind,dredging collateralsand relieving spasm. There has been a proportion that G. elata should be added to The List of Substances That Are Traditionally Both Food and Chinese Medicinal Materials. The dry G. elata was commonly used in clinic,which have some fundamental study on efficacy and mechanism. However,fresh G. elata,which was added to herbal cuisine very often,lacks corresponding research. The interaction of diet,microbiota and human is a hot issue and lots of scholars are focusing on it. This research sequenced the 16 S rRNA of mouse cecal contents on Mi Seq platform to understand the effect of taking fresh G. elata. As the results showing,multiple probiotics grew after taking fresh G. elata extract,including Ruminiclostridium,Butyricicoccus,and Parvibacter. To contrast,some pathogens or potential pathogens,such as Escherichia/Shigella,Parasutterella,decreased. This manifests that fresh G. elata performs a positive regulation on mouse gut microbiota,especially the low-dose fresh G. elata extraction could restructure the microbiota apparently. Our result reveals that microbiota might be a new target for G. elata extract and provides an important basis for further research on the interaction between gut microbiota and pharmacological activity of G. elata.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Gastrodia/química , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
7.
Curr Pharm Des ; 25(6): 715-728, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30931848

RESUMO

Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng (M. cochinchinensis) is a deciduous vine that grows in Southeast Asia. It is known as gac in Vietnam and as Red Melon in English. Gac is reputed to be extremely benificial for health and has been widely used as food and folk medicine in Southeast Asia. In China, the seed of M. cochinchinensis (Chinese name: Mu biezi) is used as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for the treatment of various diseases. More than 60 chemical constituents have been isolated from M. cochinchinensis. Modern pharmacological studies and clinical practice demonstrate that some chemical constituents of M. cochinchinensis possess wide pharmacological activities, such as anti-tumor, anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory, etc. This paper reviews the phytochemistry, pharmacological activities, toxicity, and clinical application of M. cochinchinensis, aiming to bring new insights into further research and application of this ancient herb.

8.
Cell Cycle ; 18(4): 511-522, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30712429

RESUMO

The acidic extracellular microenvironment, namely acidosis, is a biochemical hallmark of solid tumors. However, the tumorigenicity, metastatic potential, gene expression profile and chromatin accessibility of acidosis-adapted colorectal cancer cells remain unknown. The colorectal cancer cell SW620 was cultured in acidic medium (pH 6.5) for more than 3 months to be acidosis-adapted (SW620-AA). In comparison to parental cells, SW620-AA cells exhibit enhanced tumorigenicity and liver metastatic potential in vivo. Following mRNA and lncRNA expression profiling, we validated that OLMF1, NFIB, SMAD9, DGKB are upregulated, while SESN2, MAP1B, UTRN, PCDH19, IL18, LMO2, CNKSR3, GXYLT2 are downregulated in SW620-AA cells. The differentially expressed mRNAs were significantly enriched in DNA remodeling-associated pathways including HDACs deacetylate histones, SIRT1 pathway, DNA methylation, DNA bending complex, and RNA polymerase 1 chain elongation. Finally, chromatin accessibility evaluation by ATAC-sequencing revealed that the differentially opened peaks were enriched in pathways such as small cell lung cancer, pathways in cancer, ErbB signaling, endometrial cancer, and chronic myeloid leukemia, which were mainly distributed in intergenic regions and introns. These results suggest that the chromatin accessibility changes are correlated with enhanced growth and liver metastasis capacity of acid-adapted colorectal cancer cells.

9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(21): 4295-4304, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30583632

RESUMO

To observe the effect of total triterpenoids of Chaenomeles speciosa on PPARγ/SIRT1/NF-κBp65 signaling pathway and intestinal mucosal barrier of ulcerative colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in mice, C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group, total triterpenoids of C. speciosa (50, 100 mg·kg⁻¹) groups and sulfasalazine (250 mg·kg⁻¹) group. The ulcerative colitis (UC) model was induced by orally administering 2.5% DSS to the experimental mice, and the corresponding drugs were given to each group 3 days before the administration with 2.5% DSS. The normal group and the model group were given the equal volume of 0.5% carboxymethyl cellulose sodium solution by gavage continuously for 10 days, q.d. The general conditions of the mice were observed on a daily basis, and the disease activity index (DAI) score was recorded. On the 10th day after the treatment, mice were put to death, the contents of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, IFN-γ, IL-4 and IL-10 in the blood were detected, colon length was measured, colon mucosa damage index (CMDI) score was calculated, and MPO activity detection and histomorphology analysis were conducted. Real-time PCR was applied to detect the mRNA expressions of E-cadherin, occluding,MUC2 and TFF3; the protein expressions of SIRT1, IKKß, p-IKKß, IκBα, p-IκBα and cytosol and nucleus PPARγ, NF-κBp65 in intestinal tissue were detected by western blot. The results indicated that total triterpenoids of C. speciosa (50, 100 mg·kg⁻¹) could significantly improve the general conditions of UC mice, reduce the DAI, CMDI and histopathological scores, increase the colon length, reduce the colonic mucosa ulcers, erosion and inflammatory infiltration, restore the normal intestinal mucosal barrier function, reduce the contents of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, IFN-γ, increase the contents of IL-4 and IL-10 in the blood, inhibit MPO activity in colon tissue, up-regulate the mRNA expressions of E-cadherin, occludin, MUC2 and TFF3 in colon tissue, down-regulate the protein expressions of cytosol PPARγ, tissue p-IKKß, p-IκBα and nucleus NF-κBp65 in the colon tissue, decrease the p-IKKß/IKKß and p-IκBα/IκBα ratios, up-regulate the protein expressions of nucleus PPARγ, tissue SIRT1 and cytosol NF-κBp65 (P<0.05 or P<0.01, respectively), with a dose-effect relationship between the total triterpenoids of C. speciosa treated groups. These findings suggested that total triterpenoids of C. speciosa had a significantly therapeutic effect on UC mice induced by DSS, its mechanism might be related to the regulation of PPARγ/SIRT1/NF-κBp65 signaling pathway, the inhibition of pro-inflammatory factor formation and the up-regulation of protein expression of protective factors.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Rosaceae/química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfato de Dextrana , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo
10.
Ann Emerg Med ; 72(5): e109-e110, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30342741
11.
Curr Pharm Des ; 24(24): 2825-2838, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30179119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stellera chamaejasme is a perennial weed and is found across a wide geographic range. It is found in the Altai of eastern Russia, northern China and Mongolia southwards and reaches as far as the western Himalayas of the Qinghai-Tibet and Yungui Plateaus. The dried roots of S. Chamaejasme are named "Rui- Xiang-Lang-Du" and this herb with toxic properties is widely used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for the treatment of various disorders. It is effective against dispelling phlegm by water and displays toxicity against insect pests. This review provides a comprehensive overview of the chemical composition and the pharmacological properties of S. Chamaejasme thus providing a better insight into its application in the prevention of human disease. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was undertaken and the main chemical compounds found in S. Chamaejasme were identified on the basis of their chemical formula and structure. These included flavonoids, coumarins, lignans, diterpenoids plus others, and their pharmacological properties were also summarized in detail. RESULTS: The main constituents of S. Chamaejasme included flavonoids, coumarins, lignans, diterpenoids plus other compounds. The pharmacological properties of these compounds displayed a wide spectrum and include anti-tumors, anti-viral, anti-bacterial, anti-convulsive, anti-epileptic, insecticide, anti-inflammation, regulation of immunity etc. The diterpenoids were widely recognized as the constituent responsible for the anti-tumor effect. CONCLUSION: A large number of studies conclude that S. Chamaejasme displays a wide spectrum of pharmacological activity with the anti-tumor activity being significant.

12.
Curr Pharm Des ; 2018 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30205796

RESUMO

Hair loss may not be recognized as a life-threatening disorder. However, it has a great harm on a person's self-respect, mental health, and entirety quality of life. Androgenic alopecia (AGA) is the most common type of hair loss, which affects a great number of both men and women. Alopecia can be treated with various hair loss strategies, including hair transplant, cosmetics and medication. Medical treatment shows the outstanding ability in improving hair growth. Plenty of drugs prevent alopecia by inhibiting the secretion of male hormone. But these medicines exhibit some undesirable side effects. Since hair loss requires a long-term treatment, and minimizing adverse side effects is extremely urgent in drug development. Accordingly, new agents are obtained from natural products with less adverse effects. Traditional Chinese medicines exhibit unique advantages in hair loss treatment. This review generalizes and analyzes the recent progress of medicinal plants for the treatment of hair loss, suggested mechanisms and outlines a number of trials taken or underway to optimize the treatment.

13.
J Comput Biol ; 25(8): 907-916, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29957033

RESUMO

To identify signature genes for the pathogenesis of cancer, which provides a theoretical support for prevention and early diagnosis of cancer. The pattern recognition method was used to analyze the genome-wide gene expression data, which was collected from the The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. For the transcription of invasive breast carcinoma, lung adenocarcinoma, lung squamous cell carcinoma, colon adenocarcinoma, renal clear-cell carcinoma, thyroid carcinoma, and hepatocellular carcinoma of the seven cancers, the signature genes were selected by means of a combination of statistical methods, such as correlation, t-test, confidence interval, etc. Modeling by artificial neural network model, the accuracy can be as high as 98% for the TCGA data and as high as 92% for the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) independent data, the recognition accuracy of stage I is more than 95%, which is higher compared with the previous study. The common genes emerging in five cancers were obtained from the signature genes of seven cancers, PID1, and SPTBN2. At the same time, we obtain three common pathways of cancer by using Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes' pathway analysis. A functional analysis of the pathways shows their close relationship at the level of gene regulation, which indicted that the identified signature genes play an important role in the pathogenesis of cancer and is very important for understanding the pathogenesis of cancer and the early diagnosis.

14.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 39(8): 1359-1372, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29849128

RESUMO

For the majority of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the standard of care remains platinum-based chemotherapy. However, cisplatin resistance is a big obstacle to the treatment, and elucidation of its mechanism is warranted. In this study, we showed that there was no difference in intracellular uptake of cisplatin or the removal of platinum-DNA adducts between a cisplatin-resistant NSCLC cell line (A549/DR) and a cisplatin-sensitive NSCLC cell line (A549). However, the capacity to repair DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs) and double-strand breaks (DSBs) was significantly enhanced in the A549/DR cell line compared to 3 cisplatin-sensitive cell lines. We found that the protein and mRNA expression levels of Pol η, a Y-family translesion synthesis (TLS) polymerase, were markedly increased upon cisplatin exposure in A549/DR cells compared with A549 cells. Furthermore, intracellular co-localization of Pol η and proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) induced by cisplatin or cisplatin plus gemcitabine treatment was inhibited by depleting ataxia telangiectasia mutated and Rad-3-related (ATR). Pol η depletion by siRNA sensitized A549/DR cells to cisplatin; co-depletion of Pol η and ATR further increased A549/DR cell death induced by cisplatin or cisplatin plus gemcitabine compared to depletion of Pol η or ATR alone, concomitant with inhibition of DNA ICL and DSB repair and accumulation of DNA damage. No additional sensitization effect of co-depleting Pol η and ATR was observed in A549 cells. These results demonstrate that co-inhibition of Pol η and ATR reverses the drug resistance of cisplatin-resistant NSCLC cells by blocking the repair of DNA ICLs and DSBs induced by cisplatin or cisplatin plus gemcitabine.

15.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 20(5): 399-411, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29726699

RESUMO

Over the past decades, a number of phytochemicals have been reported to possess potent pharmacological effects. Saikosaponins represent a group of oleanane derivatives, usually as glucosides, which are commonly found in medicinal plants Bupleurum spp., which have been used as traditional Chinese medicine for more than 1,000 years in China. Emerging evidence suggests that saikosaponins have many pharmacological effects, including sedation, anticonvulsant, antipyretic, antiviral, immunity, anti-inflammation, antitumor properties, protecting liver and kidney and so on. The present review provides a comprehensive summary and analysis of the pharmacological properties of saikosaponins, supporting the potential uses of saikosaponins as a medicinal agent.


Assuntos
Ácido Oleanólico/análogos & derivados , Saponinas/farmacologia , Bupleurum/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Ácido Oleanólico/química , Ácido Oleanólico/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas , Saponinas/química
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(7): 1373-1383, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29728026

RESUMO

Huanshao capsule is widely used in irregular menstruation and has achieved a good effect. Huanshao capsule can promote gonad development in mice, significantly improve the ovarian index in mice, increase estrogen level and reduce FSH level in rats, inhibit the pain response induced by oxytocin and estrogen, inhibit writhing reaction induced by acetic acid pain in mice. Due to the complexity of traditional Chinese medical formula, the pharmacological mechanism of the treatment on the irregular menstruation of the Huanshao capsule is unclear. In this study, the internet-based computation platform (www.tcmip.cn)was used to explore the molecular mechanism of Huanshao capsule on the menstrual. The aim of this study was to find the molecular mechanism of Huanshao capsule in treating menstrual. In the study of the molecular mechanism of Huanshao capsule in the treatment of menstrual by using the internet-based computation platform, Huanshao capsule maybe treat the menstrual by the pathway of endocrine system, GnRH signal transduction pathway, estrogen signal transduction pathway, oxytocin signaling pathway, thyroid hormone signaling pathway, VEGF signaling pathway, FCεRI signaling pathway and purine metabolism and nucleotide metabolism. The early pharmacological study confirmed Huanshao capsule could increase the serum estradiol level and decrease follicle stimulating hormone level and the traditional Chinese medicine pharmacology coincide with the prediction result of internet-based computation platform which roles as the pathway of GnRH signaling pathway and estrogen signal transduction pathway. Other pathway needs further experimental verification.

17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(5)2018 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29693643

RESUMO

To investigate the roles and explore the altered expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) and mRNAs in chicken embryos in response to Newcastle disease virus (NDV) infection, deep sequencing was performed. Then, a conjoint analysis of small RNA-seq and mRNA-seq was performed to screen interactional miRNA⁻mRNA pairs during NDV infection. In total, 15 and 17 up- and downregulated miRNAs were identified that potentially targeted 4279 and 6080 mRNAs in NDV-infected chicken embryonic tissues, respectively; in addition, 595 upregulated and 480 downregulated mRNAs were identified. The conjoint analysis of the obtained data identified 1069 miRNA⁻mRNA pairs. Among these pairs, 130 pairs were related to immune or inflammatory responses. The relationship between gga-miR-203a and its target transglutaminase 2 (TGM2) was confirmed using a dual-luciferase reporter system and a real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) assay. Overall, the discovery of miRNAs, mRNAs, and their potential pairing relationships, which may be involved in the regulation of NDV infection, will facilitate our understanding of the complex regulatory relationship between the host and the virus.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Doença de Newcastle/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Vísceras/metabolismo , Animais , Embrião de Galinha , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Doença de Newcastle/metabolismo , Doença de Newcastle/virologia , Vírus da Doença de Newcastle/patogenicidade , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Transglutaminases/genética , Transglutaminases/metabolismo , Vísceras/virologia
18.
BMC Cancer ; 18(1): 38, 2018 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29304763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the 4th common cancer in China. Most colorectal cancers are due to modifiable lifestyle factors, but few studies have provided a systematic evidence-based assessment of the burden of colorectal cancer incidence and mortality attributable to the known risk factors in China. METHODS: We estimated the population attributable faction (PAF) for each selected risk factor in China, based on the prevalence of exposure around 2000 and relative risks from cohort studies and meta-analyses. RESULTS: Among 245,000 new cases and 139,000 deaths of colorectal cancer in China in 2012, we found that 115,578 incident cases and 63,102 deaths of colorectal cancer were attributable to smoking, alcohol drinking, overweight and obesity, physical inactivity and dietary factors. Low vegetable intake was the main risk factor for colorectal cancer with a PAF of 17.9%. Physical inactivity was responsible for 8.9% of colorectal cancer incidence and mortality. The remaining factors, including high red and processed meat intake, low fruit intake, alcohol drinking, overweight/obesity and smoking, accounted for 8.6%, 6.4%, 5.4%, 5.3% and 4.9% of colorectal cancer, respectively. Overall, 45.5% of colorectal cancer incidence and mortality were attributable to the joint effects of these seven risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking, overweight or obesity, physical inactivity, low vegetable intake, low fruit intake, and high red and processed meat intake were responsible for nearly 46% of colorectal cancer incidence and mortality in China in 2012. Our findings could provide a basis for developing guidelines of colorectal cancer prevention and control in China.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Vigilância da População , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/mortalidade , Sobrepeso/complicações , Sobrepeso/mortalidade , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/efeitos adversos
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(18): 3461-3464, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29218928

RESUMO

Paris is a raw material of a variety of Chinese medicines, which has become deficient in resource due to market demand substantial growth and wild Paris resources reducing increasingly and the artificial cultivation slow growth. This study compared pharmacological activity in analgesia and anti-inflammatory and hemostasis effects of P. forrestii with pharmacopoeial Paridis Rhizoma to expand its range of Paris medicinal resources and protect wild resources of Paris and meet market demand. The experimental study showed that P. forrestii and P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis and P. polyphylla var. chinensis had analgesic, anti-inflammatory and hemostatic effects. They can significantly reduce the number of writhing and inhibit rat foot swelling induced by carrageenan and mice capillary permeability induced by acetic acid and short the bleeding time and clotting time. Their function is equivalent.

20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(18): 3465-3468, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29218929

RESUMO

Paris is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine and its resource is in shortage, a variety of related plants are acquired as Paris. This study compared pharmacological activity in anti-inflammatory and hemostatic and blood rheology of P. vietnamensis with pharmacopoeial Paridis Rhizoma to expand its range of Paris medicinal resources and protect wild resources of Paris and meet market demand. The experimental study showed that P. vietnamensis and P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis and P. polyphylla var. chinensis had anti-inflammatory and hemostatic effect and improved blood rheolog. They can significantly inhibit rat foot swelling induced by carrageenan and short the bleeding time and clotting time and reduce the blood viscosity in rats with acute blood stasis model, P. vietnamensis and P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis can inhibit mice capillary permeability induced by acetic acid.

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