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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(10): 105901, 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32216396

RESUMO

It has been known for more than a decade that phonons can produce an off-diagonal thermal conductivity in the presence of a magnetic field. Recent studies of thermal Hall conductivity, κ_{xy}, in a variety of contexts, however, have assumed a negligibly small phonon contribution. We present a study of κ_{xy} in quantum paraelectric SrTiO_{3}, which is a nonmagnetic insulator and find that its peak value exceeds what has been reported in any other insulator, including those in which the signal has been qualified as "giant." Remarkably, κ_{xy}(T) and κ(T) peak at the same temperature and the former decreases faster than the latter at both sides of the peak. Interestingly, in the case of La_{2}CuO_{4} and α-RuCl_{3}, κ_{xy}(T) and κ(T) peak also at the same temperature. We also studied KTaO_{3} and found a small signal, indicating that a sizable κ_{xy}(T) is not a generic feature of quantum paraelectrics. Combined to other observations, this points to a crucial role played by antiferrodistortive domains in generating κ_{xy} of this solid.

2.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 110: 110682, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32204111

RESUMO

Titanium and its alloys are the most widely used implants in clinical practice. However, their bioactivity is unsatisfactory, and the effect of osteogenesis on the bonding interface between the implant and bone needs to be further improved. In this study, a coating consisting of microporous titanium doped with silicon (Si-TiO2) was successfully created by microarc oxidation (MAO), and Si was evenly distributed on the surface of the coating. The surface morphology, roughness, and phase composition of the Si-TiO2 microporous coating were similar to those of the Si-free doped MAO coatings. The Si-TiO2 microporous coating can promote osteoblast adhesion, spreading, proliferation and differentiation. More importantly, the integrin ß1-FAK signaling pathway may be involved in the regulatory effect of the coating on osteoblasts. Further studies in vivo indicated that the Si-TiO2 microporous coating could improve early stage osseointegration. In conclusion, the Si-TiO2 microporous coating is a feasible way to improve the osteogenic abilities of Ti implants to potentially promote clinical performance.

3.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2020: 6978784, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32104537

RESUMO

Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a leading cause of death in neonates with no effective treatments. Recent advancements in hydrogen (H2) gas offer a promising therapeutic approach for ischemia reperfusion injury; however, the impact of this approach for HIE remains a subject of debate. We assessed the therapeutic effects of H2 gas on HIE and the underlying molecular mechanisms in a rat model of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HIBI). H2 inhalation significantly attenuated neuronal injury and effectively improved early neurological outcomes in neonatal HIBI rats as well as learning and memory in adults. This protective effect was associated with initiation time and duration of sustained H2 inhalation. Furthermore, H2 inhalation reduced the expression of Bcl-2-associated X protein (BAX) and caspase-3 while promoting the expression of Bcl-2, nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2, and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). H2 activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase and c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase and dephosphorylated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) nerve growth factor-differentiated PC12 cells. Inhibitors of MAPKs blocked H2-induced HO-1 expression. HO-1 small interfering RNA decreased the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α) and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) and reversed the protectivity of H2 against OGD/R-induced cell death. These findings suggest that H2 augments cellular antioxidant defense capacity through activation of MAPK signaling pathways, leading to HO-1 expression and subsequent upregulation of PGC-1α and SIRT-1 expression. Thus, upregulation protects NGF-differentiated PC12 cells from OGD/R-induced oxidative cytotoxicity. In conclusion, H2 inhalation exerted protective effects on neonatal rats with HIBI. Early initiation and prolonged H2 inhalation had better protective effects on HIBI. These effects of H2 may be related to antioxidant, antiapoptotic, and anti-inflammatory responses. HO-1 plays an important role in H2-mediated protection through the MAPK/HO-1/PGC-1α pathway. Our results support further assessment of H2 as a potential therapeutic for neurological conditions in which oxidative stress and apoptosis are implicated.

4.
Eur Spine J ; 29(5): 1159-1166, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008100

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pedicle screw and rod instrumentation based on titanium can produce satisfying strength and stiffness for spinal fusion. However, excessive stiffness produced by titanium rods may cause stress shielding. Thus, polyetheretherketone (PEEK) rods with a low modulus of elasticity were introduced as substitutes for titanium rods. The purpose of this paper is to compare the effectiveness of PEEK rods versus titanium alloy rods in anterior spinal fusion with a new sheep model. METHODS: Sheep models of anterior-posterior cervical fusion were innovatively adopted in our study. Twenty-four sheep were randomly divided into a control group and a treatment group that received anterior-posterior cervical fixation with titanium rods or PEEK rods, respectively. Then, surgical segments were harvested and assessed by X-ray, micro-CT and histological examination to evaluate the efficiency of bone fusion. RESULTS: No complications related to fixation were found during the research process. The results of the X-ray showed a stronger spinal fusion in the PEEK rod groups than in the titanium rod group at 12 weeks postoperatively, and both groups underwent bone fusion at 24 weeks postoperatively. The results of micro-CT showed that fixation with PEEK rods achieved better bone ingrowth at an early postoperative stage (12 weeks) compared to fixation with titanium rods (bone volume fraction (BVF): 20.26 ± 4.36% vs 14.48 ± 3.49%, p < 0.05). The same trend was detected in the histological analysis, where the mineralized bone fraction in the experiment group (21.01 ± 3.48%) was significantly higher than that in the control group (16.73 ± 2.95%). In addition, better osseointegration was found in the experiment group at the early postoperative stage at 12 weeks (bone apposition (BA): 16.22 ± 3.24% vs 11.67 ± 3.63%, p < 0.05). However, there were no significant differences at 24 weeks postoperatively. CONCLUSION: PEEK rods can be used safely in a sheep model of anterior-posterior cervical fixation. Compared to traditional titanium rods, earlier and more evident bone fusion was found in the PEEK rods group. These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.

5.
Environ Technol ; : 1-14, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011216

RESUMO

Sludge-based adsorbent (S-AB) converted by oily sludge can make full use of the precious resource. In this paper, oily sludge and discarded sawdust are used to prepare adsorbent through chemical activation. The adsorbent prepared is used to adsorb raw petroleum. Firstly, the most reasonable chemical activator ZnCl2 is ascertained through parallel comparative experiments. The characterization results of N2-adsorption are consistent with adsorption experiment results, which shows that higher mesopore surface area and volume are benefitted by the adsorption process. Secondly, the optimization of preparation technology is investigated through orthogonal experiments after parallel comparative experiments. The adsorption capacity of S-AB-ZnCl2 is stronger when the preparation conditions are as follows: an activation temperature of 550°C, an activation time of 3.5 h, a solid-liquid ratio of 1:1.5, a sludge-sawdust ratio of 1:0.5 and the heating rate of 15°C/min. The maximum quantity adsorbed Q0 = 434.78 mg/g, calculated through the Langmuir adsorption isothermal models, of S-AB-ZnCl2 prepared under optimized condition is higher than that before optimization. In addition, the most reasonable kinetics fits were of the second-order model.

6.
Environ Sci Technol ; 54(6): 3395-3406, 2020 03 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32097552

RESUMO

Elucidation of the relationships between nanoparticle properties and ecotoxicity is a fundamental issue for environmental applications and risk assessment of nanoparticles. However, effective strategies to connect the various properties of nanoparticles with their ecotoxicity remain largely unavailable. Herein, an untargeted metabolic pathway analysis was employed to investigate the environmental risk posed by 10 typical nanoparticles (AgNPs, CuNPs, FeNPs, ZnONPs, SiO2NPs, TiO2NPs, GO, GOQDs, SWCNTs, and C60) to rice (a staple food for half of the world's population). Downregulation of carbohydrate metabolism and upregulation of amino acid metabolism were the two dominant metabolic effects induced by all tested nanoparticles. Partial least-squares regression analysis indicated that a zerovalent metal and high specific surface area positively contributed to the downregulation of carbohydrate metabolism, indicating strong abiotic stress. In contrast, the carbon type, the presence of a spherical or sheet shape, and the absence of oxygen functional groups in the nanoparticles positively contributed to the upregulation of amino acid metabolism, indicating adaptation to abiotic stress. Moreover, network relationships among five properties of nanoparticles were established for these metabolic pathways. The results of the present study will aid in the understanding and prediction of environmental risks and in the design of environmentally friendly nanoparticles.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanopartículas , Metabolismo dos Carboidratos , Redes e Vias Metabólicas
7.
Biomater Sci ; 8(6): 1604-1614, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967113

RESUMO

Autografts are still regarded as the gold standard treatment for bone defects but they require additional surgery that causes pain for the patient. Thus, alternatives that can substitute for grafts are required. In the present study, a novel poly-GLP-1 molecule was developed using a polymeric pro-drug strategy which was found to accelerate bone healing in a mouse femoral defect model. Furthermore, the poly-GLP-1 molecule induced osteogenesis and inhibited adipogenesis in bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). The results demonstrate that poly-GLP-1 promoted M2 polarization of bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) and increased the levels of TGF-ß1 in the bone marrow, resulting in the migration of an increased number of CD29 + Sca-1 + BMSCs to the bone surface. Finally, we found that poly-GLP-1 facilitated the migration of BMSCs due to transduction of the Smad2 signaling pathway, causing increased numbers of CD31 + Endomucin + endothelial cells in bone marrow that promoted bone formation. These results support poly-GLP-1 as a potential bone-healing agent and suggest that it may play a promising role in the clinical treatment of fracture repair.

8.
J Insect Sci ; 20(1)2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31899494

RESUMO

Mamestra brassicae L. is an important, regionally migratory pest of vegetable crops in Europe and Asia. Its migratory activity contributes significantly to population outbreaks, causing severe crop yield losses. Because an in-depth understanding of flight performance is key to revealing migratory patterns, here we used a computer-linked flight mill and stroboscope to study the flight ability and wingbeat frequency (WBF) of M. brassicae in relation to sex, age, temperature, and relative humidity (RH). The results showed that age significantly affected the flight ability and WBF of M. brassicae, and 3-d-old individuals performed the strongest performance (total flight distance: 45.6 ± 2.5 km; total flight duration: 9.3 ± 0.3 h; WBF: 44.0 ± 0.5 Hz at 24°C and 75% RH). The age for optimal flight was considered to be 2-3 d old. Temperature and RH also significantly affected flight ability and WBF; flight was optimal from 23°C to 25°C and 64-75% RH. Because M. brassicae thus has great potential to undertake long-distance migration, better knowledge of its flight behavior and migration will help establish a pest forecasting and early-warning system.


Assuntos
Voo Animal , Mariposas/fisiologia , Asas de Animais/fisiologia , Fatores Etários , Animais , Feminino , Umidade , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Temperatura
9.
J Reprod Immunol ; 137: 103075, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918160

RESUMO

Pregnancy is a kind of natural immune tolerance. Immune factors play an important role in recurrent spontaneous abortion and repeated implantation failure. Salvianolic acid B (SalB) has anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidation and immunomodulatory functions. However, there are few reports on the relationship between SalB and maternal-fetal immune tolerance. In this study, CBA/J × DBA/2 J mice as a spontaneous abortion mouse model were given SalB. The results showed that the abortion rate was significantly decreased after SalB treatment. The populations of Nkp46 and cytotoxic CD8+ T cells in the placenta of female mice treated with SalB were significantly decreased. The qRT-PCR showed that SalB was able to significantly reduce the expression of pro-inflammatory factors and Toll-like Receptor in the placenta. In addition, SalB was able to increase the area of the labyrinth in the placenta. In conclusion, these findings suggest that SalB is beneficial for the immune-modulation at the maternal-fetal interface in a spontaneous abortion mouse model, resulting in a decrease in the abortion rate. This may encourage new ideas for the treatment of patients with repeated implantation failure.

10.
J Med Chem ; 63(3): 1051-1067, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910018

RESUMO

Our previous study had identified ciclopirox (CPX) as a promising lead compound for treatment of ischemic stroke. To find better neuroprotective agents, a series of N-hydroxypyridone derivatives based on CPX were designed, synthesized, and evaluated in this study. Among these derivatives, compound 11 exhibits significant neuroprotection against oxygen glucose deprivation and oxidative stress-induced injuries in neuronal cells. Moreover, compound 11 possesses good blood-brain barrier permeability and superior antioxidant capability. In addition, a complex of compound 11 with olamine-11·Ola possesses good water solubility, negligible hERG inhibition, and superior metabolic stability. The in vivo experiment demonstrates that 11·Ola significantly reduces brain infarction and alleviates neurological deficits in middle cerebral artery occlusion rats. Hence, compound 11·Ola is identified in our research as a prospective prototype in the innovation of stroke treatment.

11.
Biomolecules ; 10(1)2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940882

RESUMO

Verticillium wilt, caused by the ascomycete fungus Verticillium dahliae (Vd), is a devastating disease of numerous plant species. However, the pathogenicity/virulence-related genes in this fungus, which may be potential targets for improving plant resistance, remain poorly elucidated. For the study of these genes in Vd, we used a well-established host-induced gene silencing (HIGS) approach and identified 16 candidate genes, including a putative adenylate kinase gene (VdAK). Transiently VdAK-silenced plants developed milder wilt symptoms than control plants did. VdAK-knockout mutants were more sensitive to abiotic stresses and had reduced germination and virulence on host plants. Transgenic Nicotiana benthamiana and Arabidopsis thaliana plants that overexpressed VdAK dsRNAs had improved Vd resistance than the wild-type. RT-qPCR results showed that VdAK was also crucial for energy metabolism. Importantly, in an analysis of total small RNAs from Vd strains isolated from the transgenic plants, a small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting VdAK was identified in transgenic N. benthamiana. Our results demonstrate that HIGS is a promising strategy for efficiently screening pathogenicity/virulence-related genes of Vd and that VdAK is a potential target to control this fungus.

12.
Med Res Rev ; 40(1): 293-338, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267561

RESUMO

The fascinating and dangerous colored pathogens contain unique chemically pigmented molecules, which give varied and efficient assistance as virulence factors to the crucial reproduction and growth of microbes. Therefore, multiple novel strategies and inhibitors have been developed in recent years that target virulence factor pigments. However, despite the importance and significance of this topic, it has not yet been comprehensively reviewed. Moreover, research groups around the world have made successful progress against antibacterial infections by targeting pigment production, including our serial works on the discovery of CrtN inhibitors against staphyloxanthin production in Staphylococcus aureus. On the basis of the previous achievements and recent progress of our group in this field, this article will be the first comprehensive review of pigment inhibitors against colored pathogens, especially S. aureus infections, and this article includes design strategies, representative case studies, advantages, limitations, and perspectives to guide future research.

13.
Anat Sci Int ; 95(2): 265-276, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31836958

RESUMO

In this study, 94 fetal pigs were used to comprehensively investigate the origins, number, location, and distribution of the coronary arteries to enrich knowledge on the coronary circulation in fetal pigs, and allow comparison with adult pigs and humans. In fetal pigs, the posterior interventricular sulcus branch always arose from the right coronary artery and the circumflex artery was rarely extended to the posterior interventricular sulcus, while it is variable in humans. In fetal pigs, there was sometimes anastomosis (8.5%) between the left and right conus branches as nutrient arteries of the pulmonary cone. Other branches were not significantly different between fetal pigs and humans, including the acute marginal branch, obtuse marginal branch, and sinoatrial nodal artery. Coronary dominance was also similar. In conclusion, compared with adult pigs, dissection of the coronary arteries in fetal pigs provided a more faithful overview of the porcine coronary circulation. The coronary arteries in fetal pigs were also more suitable for comparison with humans when pigs are used as experimental animals for studying the coronary vessels, which could be an important reference for investigation of clinical treatment of the coronary arteries. In summary, our data provide reliable information about the distribution and ramifications of the coronary arteries, and could be useful for clinicians and surgeons who wish to comprehensively understand coronary anatomy.

14.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(43): 17431-17440, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608638

RESUMO

Fabricating ultrathin two-dimensional (2D) covalent organic framework (COF) nanosheets (NSs) in large scale and high yield still remains a great challenge. This limits the exploration of the unique functionalities and wide range of application potentials of such materials. Herein, we develop a scalable general bottom-up approach to facilely synthesize ultrathin (<2.1 nm) imine-based 2D COF NSs (including COF-366 NSs, COF-367 NSs, COF-367-Co NSs, TAPB-PDA COF NSs, and TAPB-BPDA COF NSs) in large scale (>100 mg) and high yield (>55%), via an imine-exchange synthesis strategy through adding large excess amounts of 2,4,6-trimethylbenzaldehyde into the reaction system under solvothermal conditions. Impressively, visualization of the periodic pore lattice for COF-367 NSs by a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) clearly discloses the ultrathin 2D COF nature. In particular, the ultrathin COF-367-Co NSs isolated are subject to the heterogeneous photocatalyst for CO2-to-CO conversion, showing excellent efficiency with a CO production rate as high as 10 162 µmol g-1 h-1 and a selectivity of ca. 78% in aqueous media under visible-light irradiation, far superior to corresponding bulk materials and comparable with the thus far reported state-of-the-art visible-light driven heterocatalysts.

15.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 184: 109602, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493589

RESUMO

Given the wide applications of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) in various fields, the ecotoxicology of ENMs has attracted much attention. The traditional plant physiological activity (e.g., reactive oxygen species and antioxidant enzymes) are limited in that they probe one specific process of nanotoxicity, which may result in the loss of understanding of other important biological reactions. Metabolites, which are downstream of gene and protein expression, are directly related to biological phenomena. Metabolomics is an easily performed and efficient tool for solving the aforementioned problems because it involves the comprehensive exploration of metabolic profiles. To understand the roles of metabolomics in phytotoxicity, the analytical methods for metabolomics should be organized and discussed. Moreover, the dominant metabolites and metabolic pathways are similar in different plants, which determines the universal applicability of metabolomics analysis. The analysis of regulated metabolism will globally and scientifically help determine the ecotoxicology that is induced by ENMs. In the past several years, great developments in nanotoxicology have been achieved using metabolomics. However, many knowledge gaps remain, such as the relationships between biological responses that are induced by ENMs and the regulation of metabolism (e.g., carbohydrate, energy, amino acid, lipid and secondary metabolism). The phytotoxicity that is induced by ENMs has been explored by metabolomics, which is still in its infancy. The detrimental and defence mechanisms of plants in their response to ENMs at the level of metabolomics also deserve much attention. In addition, owing to the regulation of metabolism in plants by ENMs affected by multiple factors, it is meaningful to uniformly identify the key influencing factor.


Assuntos
Metaboloma/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanoestruturas/toxicidade , Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Plantas/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Ecotoxicologia , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Metabolômica , Nanoestruturas/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
16.
FEBS Open Bio ; 9(11): 1928-1938, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495071

RESUMO

Cyclosporin A (CsA) is a common immunosuppressant, but its use is limited as it can cause chronic kidney injury. Oxidative stress and apoptosis play a key role in CsA-induced nephrotoxicity. This study investigated the protective effect of 5-aminolevulinic acid and iron (5-ALA/SFC) on CsA-induced injury in murine proximal tubular epithelial cells (mProx24). 5-ALA/SFC significantly inhibited apoptosis in CsA-treated mProx24 cells with increases in heme oxygenase (HO)-1, nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), and p38, and Erk-1/2 phosphorylation. Moreover, 5-ALA/SFC suppressed production of reactive oxygen species in CsA-exposed cells and inhibition of HO-1 suppressed the protective effects of 5-ALA/SFC. In summary, 5-ALA/SFC may have potential for development into a treatment for the anti-nephrotoxic/apoptotic effects of CsA.

17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(77): 11599-11602, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497830

RESUMO

In this study, two kinds of C3-symmetric hexacarboxylic acids containing three pairs of meta-carboxyl groups self-assembled into similar flower structures with two different sizes of cavities. The bi- and tri-component host-guest systems were built to show no molecular selectivity for the guest molecule COR in the co-assembly process.

18.
Curr Genet ; 2019 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422448

RESUMO

Verticillium dahliae, a soil-borne fungus, can invade plant vascular tissue and cause Verticillium wilt. The enzyme α-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (OGDH), catalyzing the oxidation of α-oxoglutarate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA), is vital for energy metabolism in the fungi. Here, we identified the OGDH gene in V. dahliae (VdOGDH, VDAG_10018) and investigated its function in virulence by generating gene deletion mutants (ΔVdOGDH) and complementary mutants (ΔVdOGDH-C). When the ΔVdOGDH mutants were supplemented with different carbon sources, vegetative growth on Czapek Dox medium was significantly impaired, suggesting that VdOGDH is crucial for vegetative growth and carbon utilization. Conidia of the ΔVdOGDH mutants were atypically rounded or spherical, and hyphae were irregularly branched and lacked typical whorled branches. Mutants ΔVdOGDH-1 and ΔVdOGDH-2 were highly sensitive to H2O2 in the medium plates and had higher intracellular ROS levels. ΔVdOGDH mutants also had elevated expression of oxidative response-related genes, indicating that VdOGDH is involved in response to oxidative stress. In addition, the disruption of VdOGDH caused a significant increase in the expression of energy metabolism-related genes VdICL, VdICDH, VdMDH, and VdPDH and melanin-related genes Vayg1, VdSCD, VdLAC, VT4HR, and VaflM in the ΔVdOGDH mutants; thus, VdOGDH is also important for energy metabolism and melanin accumulation. Cotton plants inoculated with ΔVdOGDH mutants exhibited mild leaf chlorosis and the disease index was lower compared with wild type and ΔVdOGDH-C strains. These results together show that VdOGDH involved in energy metabolism of V. dahliae, is also essential for full virulence by regulating multiple fungal developmental factors.

19.
Cardiol Res Pract ; 2019: 6935147, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31275641

RESUMO

Worldwide morbidity and mortality from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and related heart failure remain high. While effective early reperfusion of the criminal coronary artery after a confirmed AMI is the typical treatment at present, collateral myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) and pertinent cardioprotection are still challenging to address and have inadequately understood mechanisms. Therefore, unveiling the related novel molecular targets and networks participating in triggering and resisting the pathobiology of MIRI is a promising and valuable frontier. The present study specifically focuses on the recent MIRI advances that are supported by sophisticated bio-methodology in order to bring the poorly understood interrelationship among pro- and anti-MIRI participant molecules up to date, as well as to identify findings that may facilitate the further investigation of novel targets.

20.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3021, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289269

RESUMO

Magnetic domain walls are topological solitons whose internal structure is set by competing energies which sculpt them. In common ferromagnets, domain walls are known to be of either Bloch or Néel types. Little is established in the case of Mn3Sn, a triangular antiferromagnet with a large room-temperature anomalous Hall effect, where domain nucleation is triggered by a well-defined threshold magnetic field. Here, we show that the domain walls of this system generate an additional contribution to the Hall conductivity tensor and a transverse magnetization. The former is an electric field lying in the same plane with the magnetic field and electric current and therefore a planar Hall effect. We demonstrate that in-plane rotation of spins inside the domain wall would explain both observations and the clockwise or anticlockwise chirality of the walls depends on the history of the field orientation and can be controlled.

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