Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.047
Filtrar
1.
Sci Total Environ ; 802: 149824, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454145

RESUMO

The problem of excessive lead content in tea has become more and more serious with the development of society and industry. This paper investigated the ability of visible and near-infrared (Vis-NIR) spectroscopy to evaluate foliar lead uptake by tea plants through simulating real air pollution. Lead content of tea leaves in different treatment groups during stress time was measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). It was determined that stomata can be a channel for lead particles in the air and most of the lead entering through the stomata accumulates in the leaves. The spectral variation of treated samples was measured, and it was found that a combination of partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and spectral responses can perfectly classify the tea samples under different lead concentrations stress with an overall accuracy of 0.979. Then the Vis-NIR spectra were used for fast monitoring physiological and biochemical indicators in tea leaves under atmospheric deposition. Relevant spectra pretreatment methods and characteristic wavelength selection approaches were evaluated for quantitative analysis and then optimal prediction models to instantly detect quality indicators in tea samples were built. Among predictive models, PLS had the best results (RMSE = 0.139 mg/g, 0.663 mmol/g, and 1.494 µmol/g) for the prediction of chlorophyll a (Chl-a), ascorbic acid (ASA), and glutathione (GSH), respectively. Also, principal component regression (PCR) gave the best results (RMSE = 0.053 mg/g, 0.024 mg/g, and 0.011%) for prediction of chlorophyll b (Chl-b), carotenoid (Car) and moisture content (MC), respectively. Results of this study can be applied for developing an effective and reliable approach for monitoring atmospheric deposition in plants.


Assuntos
Plântula , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Aerossóis , Clorofila A , Chumbo , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Chá
2.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 2): 132084, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500331

RESUMO

Areca nut husk fibers are easily available and they are abundant agricultural waste, whose utilization to high value products needs more attention. The present study aims at the extraction of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) from areca nut husk fibers and the evaluation of its reinforcement capacity in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and chitosan (CS) film. The CNC showed rod-like structures, which were confirmed by TEM and AFM analysis. The diameter of the isolated CNC was 19 ± 3.3 nm; the length was about 195 ± 24 nm with an aspect ratio of 10.2 ± 6.8. The zeta potential of CNC was -15.3 ± 1.2 mV. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy analysis showed that the non-cellulosic compounds were effectively eliminated, and the X-ray diffraction results showed that CNC had higher crystallinity than the raw, alkali, and the bleached fibers. Thermogravimetric analysis revealed good thermal stability for the CNC. Moreover, the effects of the incorporation of CNC on the optical and tensile behaviours of the bionanocomposite film were investigated. The bionanocomposite film retained the same transparency as the PVA/CS film, indicating that the CNC was disseminated evenly in the film. The incorporation of CNC (3 wt%) to the PVA/CS film enhanced the tensile strength of the bionanocomposite film (9.46 ± 1.6 MPa) when compared to the control films (7.81 ± 1.4 MPa). Furthermore, the prepared nanobiocomposite film exhibited good antimicrobial activity against foodborne pathogenic bacteria and postharvest pathogenic fungi. These findings suggest that the bionanocomposite film might be suitable for food packaging applications.


Assuntos
Nanocompostos , Nanopartículas , Areca , Celulose , Vapor
3.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 14: 4589-4597, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848983

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to explore the association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and diabetes in a Chinese population based on a cross-sectional analysis of patient data from a large tertiary care hospital in China and analyses whether there are any gender differences in this association. Methods: A total of 794 (615 men and 179 women) inpatients were involved in this study. Polysomnography (PSG) was used to diagnose OSA, and overnight PSG testing was performed on each subject included in this study. All study subjects were also diagnosed with whether they had diabetes by an endocrinologist in the hospital. Results: After adjusting for sex, age, smoking status, alcohol consumption and body mass index (BMI) groups, the results showed that the number of apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) events was a risk factor for diabetes, with a 9% (95% CI: 1-17%) increase in the risk of diabetes per unit increase, while subjects with higher (per unit increase) lowest oxygen saturation value monitored during the subject's sleep (LSaO2) with a 13% (95% CI: 4-22%) decrease in the risk of diabetes. Stratified analyses by gender, after adjustment, in men, OSA and its associated monitoring indicators were statistically significantly associated with diabetes [OR for severe OSA was 2.269 (95% CI: 1.164, 4.425), P=0.016, and OR for severe hypoxemia was 2.228 (95% CI: 1.145, 4.334), P=0.018], while not in women. Conclusion: Our study found a significant association between OSA and diabetes in a Chinese clinical-based population as well as a dose-response relationship between the severity of AHI and severe hypoxemia (LSaO2 < 80%) and blood glucose, the association has gender difference and was only present significant association in men, which demonstrated that diabetes prevention and blood glucose screening and management should be enhanced for Chinese men with OSA.

4.
Acta Parasitol ; 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34851512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cysticercosis is the commonest parasitic disease to affect the central nervous system (CNS). However, cysticercosis affecting the spine is extremely rare. We reported a rare case of cysticercosis involving the whole spinal canal in China. CASE PRESENTATION: A rare case of cysticercosis involving the entire spinal cord, in a 52-year-old Chinese man, was detected in 2021. Epidemiological investigation, clinical and etiological examination was performed. CONCLUSION: Since spinal cysticercosis is a rare but potentially life-threatening disease, clinicians should always consider the differential diagnosis of space-occupying lesions.

5.
Front Oncol ; 11: 780094, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746019

RESUMO

Background: Basal-like breast cancer (BLBC) is associated with a poor clinical outcome; however, the mechanism of BLBC aggressiveness is still unclear. It has been shown that a linker histone functions as either a positive or negative regulator of gene expression in tumors. Here, we aimed to investigate the possible involvement and mechanism of HIST1H1B in BLBC progression. Experimental design: We analyzed multiple gene expression datasets to determine the relevance of HIST1H1B expression with BLBC. We employed quantitative real-time PCR, transwell assay, colony formation assay, and mammosphere assay to dissect the molecular events associated with the expression of HIST1H1B in human breast cancer. We studied the association of HIST1H1B with CSF2 by ChIP assay. Using tumorigenesis assays, we determine the effect of HIST1H1B expression on tumorigenicity of BLBC cells. Results: Here, we show that the linker histone HIST1H1B is dramatically elevated in BLBC due to HIST1H1B copy number amplification and promoter hypomethylation. HIST1H1B upregulates colony-stimulating factor 2 (CSF2) expression by binding the CSF2 promoter. HIST1H1B expression promotes, whereas knockdown of HIST1H1B expression suppresses tumorigenicity. In breast cancer patients, HIST1H1B expression is positively correlated with large tumor size, high grade, metastasis and poor survival. Conclusion: HIST1H1B contributes to basal-like breast cancer progression by modulating CSF2 expression, indicating a potential prognostic marker and therapeutic target for this disease.

6.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 284: 114775, 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742863

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ayurveda is the main traditional healthcare system in Indian medicine. Tibetan medicine (TM), Mongolian medicine (MM), Buddhist medicine (BM), Dai medicine (DM), and Uyghur medicine (UM) are main traditional medicines practiced in China. These are existing traditional medical systems that still play a role in disease prevention and treatment. AIM OF THE STUDY: To reveal the similarities and differences of traditional medicinal preparations between Ayurveda in India and five traditional medicines in China to deepen medical exchanges and cooperation between the two countries and beyond. METHODS: All preparations were extracted from statutory pharmacopoeias, ministry standards, and prescription textbooks from China and India. The information of each preparation, such as therapeutic uses, medicinal materials, and preparation forms, was recorded in Excel for statistical analysis and visual comparison. RESULTS: A total of 645 Ayurvedic preparations, 458 TM preparations, 164 MM preparations, 616 BM preparations, 227 DM preparations, and 94 UM preparations were identified. Preparations of the six traditional medicines were mostly used for treating digestive, respiratory, and urogenital system diseases. The preparation forms of these six traditional medicines are mainly pills and powders. There are 38 shared-use medicinal materials in Ayurveda and TM preparations, 25 in Ayurveda and MM preparations, 30 in Ayurveda and BM preparations, 39 in Ayurveda and DM preparations, and 31 in Ayurveda and UM preparations. Finally, we selected one important shared-use preparation (Triphala) and 51 medicinal materials to research traditional use and modern pharmacology. CONCLUSIONS: These preparations are used by different prescribers and users of medicinal materials in different medical systems with the similarities and differences. The similarities may reflect the historical exchanges of traditional medicines between the two countries. The differences showed that traditional medicines in China have absorbed some theories, diagnoses, and treatments from Ayurveda but also retained their own ethnic and regional characteristics.

7.
Protein Pept Lett ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: NIMA (never in mitosis, gene A) serine/threonine kinase 7 (NEK7) is a regulator of mitosis spindle in mammals and is considered as a drug target of inflammasome related inflammatory diseases. However, most commercially available or reported recombinant NEK7 proteins are either inactive or have low purity. These shortcomings limit the pharmacological studies and development of NEK7 inhibitors. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate what causes the NEK7 low purity in E. coli, and optimize a protocol to improve the protein purity. METHODS: A comparative study of expression full length NEK7 with an N-terminal His-tag or a Cterminal His-tag was performed. His-affinity resin, ion exchange and gel filtration chromatography were used to purify NEK7. The protein was identified by mass spectrometry. The activity and folding of NEK7 were evaluated by chemiluminescent assay and thermal shift assay. RESULTS: Our results demonstrated that N-terminal tagged protein was toxic to E. coli, resulting in incomplete translated products. The C-terminal tagged NEK7-His6 had a much higher purity than that of an N-terminal tag. The Ni2+ resin one-step purification led to a purity of 91.7%, meeting the criteria of most kinase assays. With two-step and three-step procedures, the protein purities were 94.7% and ~100%, respectively. The NEK7 purified in this work maintained its kinase activity and correct conformation, and the compound-protein interaction ability. CONCLUSION: Our optimized protocol could produce good purity of His tagged NEK7 in E. coli, and the kinase activity and biophysical characteristics of which are preserved.

8.
Cogn Neurodyn ; 15(6): 987-997, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790266

RESUMO

This study aimed to find a good coupling feature extraction method to effectively analyze resting state EEG signals (rsEEG) of amnestic mild cognitive impairment(aMCI) with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) and normal control (NC) with T2DM. A method of EEG signal coupling feature extraction based on weight permutation conditional mutual information (WPCMI) was proposed in this research. With the WPCMI method, coupling feature strength of two time series in Alpha1, Alpha2, Beta1, Beta2 and Gamma bands for aMCI with T2DM and NC with T2DM could be extracted respectively. Then selected three frequency bands coupling feature matrix with the help of multi-spectral image transformation method to map it as spectral image characteristics. And finally classified these characteristics through the convolution neural network method(CNN). For aMCI with T2DM and NC with T2DM, the highest classification accuracy of 96%, 95%, 95% could be achieved respectively in the combination of three frequency bands (Alpha1, Alpha2, Gamma), (Beta1, Beta2 and Gamma) and (Alpha2, Beta1, Beta2). This WPCMI method highlighted the coupling dynamic characteristics of EEG signals, and its classification performance was better than all previous methods in aMCI with T2DM diagnosis field. WPCMI method could be used as an effective biomarker to distinguish EEG signals of aMCI with T2DM and NC with T2DM. The coupling feature extraction method used in this paper provided a new perspective for the EEG analysis of aMCI with T2DM.

9.
Neuroimage ; 245: 118720, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774771

RESUMO

Accurate localization of brain regions responsible for language and cognitive functions in epilepsy patients is important. Electrocorticography (ECoG)-based real-time functional mapping (RTFM) has been shown to be a safer alternative to electrical cortical stimulation mapping (ESM), which is currently the clinical/gold standard. Conventional methods for analyzing RTFM data mostly account for the ECoG signal in certain frequency bands, especially high gamma. Compared to ESM, they have limited accuracy when assessing channel responses. In the present study, we developed a novel RTFM method based on tensor component analysis (TCA) to address the limitations of current estimation methods. Our approach analyzes the whole frequency spectrum of the ECoG signal during natural continuous speech. We construct third-order tensors that contain multichannel time-frequency information and use TCA to extract low-dimensional temporal, spectral and spatial modes. Temporal modulation scores (correlation values) are then calculated between the time series of voice envelope features and TCA-estimated temporal courses, and significant temporal modulation determines which components' channel weightings are displayed to the neurosurgeon as a guide for follow-up ESM. In our experiments, data from thirteen patients with refractory epilepsy were recorded during preoperative evaluation for their epileptogenic zones (EZs), which were located adjacent to the eloquent cortex. Our results showed higher detection accuracy of our proposed method in a narrative speech task, suggesting that our method complements ESM and is an improvement over the prior RTFM method. To our knowledge, this is the first TCA-based method to pinpoint language-specific brain regions during continuous speech that uses whole-band ECoG.

10.
Pathol Res Pract ; 229: 153652, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826742

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pathological features of hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the lung (HAL) are similar to those of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and HAL has a poor prognosis. In this study, we aimed to elucidate clinicopathologic and molecular features of HAL. METHODS: Four cases of HAL patients with one lobe of the lung resected were enrolled into the study. Next generation sequencing (NGS) of a 425-gene panel was performed on tumor tissue samples. RESULTS: The most frequently mutated gene was TP53 in three cases of primary HAL and one case of metastatic HAL, with a mutation rate of 100%. Also, CDK8, CDKN2A, EPHA5, SMARCA4, and STK11 were detected as high-frequency mutations, with a mutation rate of 50%. The types of TP53 mutation included two missense variants and two frameshift ones. The TP53 mutation was related to the occurrence of HAL. CONCLUSION: HAL could be caused by genetic mutations and is closely related to TP53 mutation.

11.
Pathol Res Pract ; 228: 153680, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is still one of the primary malignant diseases leading to higher mortality worldwide. It has been previously reported that multiple genes in the CENPA-nucleosome associated complex (NAC) complex in lung cancer can be used as prognostic markers; however, there is lack of comprehensive research on the CENPA-NAC complex. METHODS: The hub genes of lung cancer were obtained by analyzing multiple gene expression omnibus (GEO) lung cancer datasets. The key genes of the CENPA-NAC complex in the evolution of LUAD were identified according to lung cancer data obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, and the key genes were constructed as a survival prognostic model. The relationship between the model and immune cell infiltration was studied by the Tumor Immune Estimation Resource (TIMER) and single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA) studies.Droplet Digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) was used to verify the effectiveness of the prognostic model to predict survival using clinical samples. RESULTS: A comprehensive study showed that CENPA, CENPH, CENPM, CENPN and CENPU were key genes in the development and evolution of LUAD. The constructed survival prognosis model was an independent risk factor for LUAD and can be used to assess the survival of LUAD patients. The risk score was closely related to the infiltration of multiple immune cells. The independent cohorts GSE31210 and GSE50081 further confirmed the validity of the prognostic model, and finally, the model was validated with clinical samples. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the results of the present study showed that CENPA, CENPH, CENPM, CENPN, and CENPU are a group of potential prognostic markers in LUAD. The constructed model has been confirmed to be applicable in the clinical setting in evaluating the survival of patients with LUAD, and providing more evidence on immunotherapy for LUAD.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804175

RESUMO

Cerebral ischemia is a series of harmful reactions, such as acute necrosis of tissue, inflammation, apoptosis, autophagy, and blood-brain barrier injury, due to the insufficient blood supply to the brain. Inflammatory response and gut microbiota imbalance are important concomitant factors of cerebral ischemia and may increase the severity of cerebral ischemia through the gut-brain axis. Qishiwei Zhenzhu pills (QSW) contain more than 70 kinds of medicinal materials, which have the effects of anti-cerebral infarction, anti-convulsion, anti-dementia, and so on. It is a treasure of Tibetan medicine commonly used in the treatment of cerebral ischemia in Tibetan areas. In this study, we gave rats QSW (66.68 mg/kg) once by gavage in advance and then immediately established the rat middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model. After 24 hours of treatment, the neuroprotection, intestinal pathology, and gut microbiota were examined. The results showed that QSW could significantly reduce the neurobehavioral abnormalities and cerebral infarction rate in MCAO rats. Furthermore, qPCR, western blot, and immunohistochemistry results showed that QSW could effectively inhibit IL-6, IL-1ß, and other inflammatory factors so as to effectively reduce the inflammatory response of MCAO rats. Furthermore, QSW could improve intestinal integrity and reduce intestinal injury. 16S rRNA sequencing showed that QSW could significantly improve the gut microbiota disorder of MCAO rats. Specifically, at the phylum level, it can regulate the abundance of Firmicutes and Proteobacteria in the gut microbiota of rats with MCAO. At the genus level, it can adjust the abundance of Escherichia and Shigella. At the species level, it can adjust the abundance of Lactobacillus johnsonii and Lactobacillus reuteri. All in all, this study is the first to show that QSW can reduce the severity of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by regulating gut microbiota and inhibiting the inflammatory response.

13.
Opt Express ; 29(21): 32818-32825, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809104

RESUMO

Angle-resolved polarized (ARP) Raman spectroscopy can be utilized to characterize the Raman modes of two-dimensional layered materials based on crystal symmetry or crystal orientation. In this paper, the polarization properties of E 1 2g and A1g modes on the basal plane and edge plane of high purity 2H-MoS2 bulk crystal grown by chemical vapor transport (CVT) method were investigated by ARP Raman spectroscopy. The I and II type ARP Raman spectroscopy with four kinds of polarization configurations: αY, αX, ßY, and ßX were used to explore the intensity dependence of E 1 2g and A1g modes at different planes on the polarization direction of incident/scattered light. The results show that the E 1 2g and A1g modes exhibit different polarization properties dependent on the polarization of the incident laser and the in-plane rotation of the sample at different planes. The experimental results were confirmed and analyzed through theoretical calculation. Our work sheds light on the intriguing effect of the subtle atomic structure in stacked MoS2 layers on the resulting ARP Raman properties. This provides a reference for the study of other two-dimensional layered crystalline materials by ARP Raman spectroscopy.

14.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 752538, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733867

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the long-term retinal microvascular, neural, and choroidal changes in the patients with severe nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) following panretinal photocoagulation (PRP). Methods: Forty-five eyes of 28 patients with treatment-naive severe NPDR and PDR were included and followed for 12 months after PRP. Microvascular and neural changes in the macular and peripapillary areas were assessed by using optical coherence tomography angiography. Subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) was measured by using optical coherence tomography. A Linear mixed-effects model was used to highlight the differences for the variables after adjusting for sex, age, and axial length. Results: Compared to baseline, there were no statistical differences in the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), macular and peripapillary vessel density (VD), and SFCT following PRP. Macular thickness significantly increased at 1 and 3-6 months after PRP (p < 0.05), while the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and ganglion cell complex (GCC) thickness significantly increased at 1 month postoperatively (p < 0.01). Global loss volume and focal loss volume significantly decreased at the same time point (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The unchanged BCVA, VD, the thickness of RNFL and GCC, and SFCT during the 12-month follow-up period suggest that PRP may prevent the retinal neurovascular and choroidal damage.

15.
Br J Radiol ; : 20210534, 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34735296

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pre-operative differentiation between renal oncocytoma (RO) and chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (chRCC) is critical due to their different clinical behavior and different clinical treatment decisions. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a CT-based radiomics nomogram for the pre-operative differentiation of RO from chRCC. METHODS: A total of 141 patients (84 in training data set and 57 in external validation data set) with ROs (n = 47) or chRCCs (n = 94) were included. Radiomics features were extracted from tri-phasic enhanced-CT images. A clinical model was developed based on significant patient characteristics and CT imaging features. A radiomics signature model was developed and a radiomics score (Rad-score) was calculated. A radiomics nomogram model incorporating the Rad-score and independent clinical factors was developed by multivariate logistic regression analysis. The diagnostic performance was evaluated and validated in three models using ROC curves. RESULTS: Twelve features from CT images were selected to develop the radiomics signature. The radiomics nomogram combining a clinical factor (segmental enhancement inversion) and radiomics signature showed an AUC value of 0.988 in the validation set. Decision curve analysis revealed that the diagnostic performance of the radiomics nomogram was better than the clinical model and the radiomics signature. CONCLUSIONS: The radiomics nomogram combining clinical factors and radiomics signature performed well for distinguishing RO from chRCC. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Differential diagnosis between renal oncocytoma (RO) and chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (chRCC) is rather difficult by conventional imaging modalities when a central scar was present.A radiomics nomogram integrated with the radiomics signature, demographics, and CT findings facilitates differentiation of RO from chRCC with improved diagnostic efficacy.The CT-based radiomics nomogram might spare unnecessary surgery for RO.

16.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738856

RESUMO

A pair of new oxindole alkaloids, named macrophyllines C (1) and D (2), together with two known oxindole alkaloids isorhynchophylline (3) and corynoxine (4) were isolated from Uncaria macrophylla. Their structures were elucidated based on detailed spectroscopic analysis and by comparison with literature data. In addition, all the isolates were tested for their anti-HIV activities and cytotoxicities in C8166 cells and compounds 2-4 showed weak anti-HIV activities with EC50 values of 11.31 ± 3.29 µM, 18.77 ± 6.14 µM and 30.02 ± 3.73 µM, respectively.

17.
Clin Chim Acta ; 523: 441-445, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Porokeratosis (PK) is a heterogeneous group of cutaneous keratinization disorders and has five clinical subtypes. DSAP is the most common clinical subtype and is characterized by multiple small, annular, anhidrotic, keratotic lesions predominantly on sun-exposed areas of the skin. It is an autosomal dominantly inherited epidermal keratinization disorder. However, studies on its molecular basis is limited. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed mutation analysis of genes in four pedigrees and three sporadic cases of DSAP in the Chinese population. Genomic DNA was extracted from blood samples obtained from patients, unaffected family members, and 100 unrelated individuals. All exons and flanking intron sequences of the mevalonate kinase (MVK) and farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FDPS) genes were amplified. RESULTS: One missense mutation in exon 7 (C.G677A) of the MVK gene was identified in pedigree 3, and one missense mutation in exon 5 (C.C535T) of the FDPS gene was identified in sporadic case 3. No mutation was detected in the MVK and FDPS genes in the remaining three pedigrees and two sporadic cases with DSAP. CONCLUSION: Our results may be useful for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis of affected families and for expanding the repertoire of MVK and FDPS mutations underlying DSAP.

18.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(11): e0009944, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34735436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) could progress to secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), which is a rare but life-threatening condition with poor prognosis. So far, the clinical and laboratory characteristics of VL associated HLH have not been well elucidated. METHOD AND FINDINGS: In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical and laboratory profiles between 17 patients with VL associated HLH and 27 patients with VL alone admitted at the Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from May 2016 to March 2021. In addition to the identification of Leishmania infection, hemophagocytosis was identified in bone marrow in the most cases of VL associated HLH (15/17). The patients with VL associated HLH had higher chances of bleeding, hepatomegaly, thrombocytopenia, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperferritinemia, hypofibrinogenemia, elevated secretion of soluble IL-2 receptor or lower NK cell activity compared to patients with VL only. Furthermore, patients with VL associated HLH had higher inflammation status associated with higher levels of Th1 (TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, IL-12p70), Th2 (IL-4) and Th17 cytokines (IL-17, IL-23) in the peripheral blood, and higher parasite load (qPCR and parasite culture). All 27 VL cases were totally recovered after being treated with Sodium Stibogluconate, five of the 17 patients with VL associated HLH died even after timely treatment with anti-parasite and immunosuppressive chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: Without appropriate treatment, visceral leishmaniosis could develop to secondary HLH. The parasite culturing and qPCR detection of bone marrow samples facilitates the diagnosis of VL associated HLH in addition to other findings of HLH. Prompt treatment with anti-Leishmania and immunosuppressive chemotherapy is critical to reduce the mortality of VL associated HLH.

19.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol ; : 1-7, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779659

RESUMO

The optimal cutoff point for evaluating the prognosis of localized renal cell carcinoma (LRCC) remains unclear. This study aimed to verify the efficacy of tumor diameter in the 2010 American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM staging system and contribute to the modification of TNM staging on the prognosis of this disease. A total of 3748 patients with LRCC were enrolled and grouped according to the 2010 AJCC TNM staging system. COX analysis was used to stratify the prognosis. The optimal cutoff point of the tumor diameter in the T1 and T2 prognosis was explored. There were 3330 (88.9%) patients in stage T1 and 418 (11.1%) in stage T2. The cancer-specific mortality rate was 2.7% (100/3748). The mean follow-up was 49.8 months. A tumor diameter of 7 cm can determine the prognosis of patients at stages T1 and T2; however, 4.5 cm and 11 cm as the cutoff points for T1 and T2 sub-classification of patients with LRCC might show better recognition ability than 4 cm and 10 cm, respectively. The 2010 AJCC TNM stage can predict the prognosis of LRCC in stages T1 and T2. In addition, a tumor diameter of 4.5 cm and 11 cm might be the optimal cutoff points for the sub-classification of stages T1 and T2.

20.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(5): 1321, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630675

RESUMO

Several studies have demonstrated that growth arrest-specific protein 6 (Gas6) and Axl are highly expressed in various tumor tissues, such as renal cell and esophageal carcinoma. However, the effect of the Gas6/Axl signaling pathway on lung adenocarcinoma is still unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of the Gas6/Axl signaling pathway on lung adenocarcinoma cells and its mechanism of action, which may provide a novel target for the clinical treatment of lung adenocarcinoma. Human lung adenocarcinoma tissues were used to examine the activation of the Gas6/Axl signaling pathway. In addition, the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 was employed to study the effects of the Gas6/Axl signaling pathway on the proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis of lung adenocarcinoma cells. Recombinant human Gas6 protein and inhibitor TP-0903 were used to activate and inhibit the Gas6/Axl signaling pathway, respectively. The results revealed that Gas6 and Axl expression level was increased in human lung adenocarcinoma tissues compared with adjacent healthy tissues. After inhibition of the Gas6/Axl signaling pathway with TP-0903, p21, p53, caspase 3, caspase 8 and caspase 9 exhibited higher expression level in A549 cells. The opposite effect was observed when the Gas6/Axl signaling pathway was activated. In addition, the migratory and invasive ability of A549 cells was determined via wound-healing and Transwell invasion assays. The results indicated that the migratory and invasive ability of A549 cells was significantly increased when the Gas6/Axl signaling pathway was activated and inhibition of Gas6/Axl signaling pathway caused the opposite results. Activity of Gas6/Axl signaling pathway was shown to be positively associated with cell proliferation by Cell Counting Kit 8 and clone formation assays. In conclusion, the Gas6/Axl signaling pathway was revealed to promote the proliferation, migration and invasion and inhibit the apoptosis of lung adenocarcinoma cells, which serve important roles in the progression of lung adenocarcinoma.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...