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1.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(21)2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683855

RESUMO

Doppler radar for monitoring vital signals is an emerging tool, and how to remove the noise during the detection process and reconstruct the accurate respiration and heartbeat signals are hot issues in current research. In this paper, a novel radar vital signal separation and de-noising technique based on improved complete ensemble empirical mode decomposition with adaptive noise (ICEEMDAN), sample entropy (SampEn), and wavelet threshold is proposed. First, the noisy radar signal was decomposed into a series of intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) using ICEEMDAN. Then, each IMF was analyzed using SampEn to find out the first few IMFs containing noise, and these IMFs were de-noised using the wavelet threshold. Finally, in order to extract accurate vital signals, spectrum analysis and Kullback-Leible (KL) divergence calculations were performed on all IMFs, and appropriate IMFs were selected to reconstruct respiration and heartbeat signals. Moreover, as far as we know, there is almost no previous research on radar vital signal de-noising based on the proposed technique. The effectiveness of the algorithm was verified using simulated and measured experiments. The results show that the proposed algorithm could effectively reduce the noise and was superior to the existing de-noising technologies, which is beneficial for extracting more accurate vital signals.

2.
Ann Palliat Med ; 8(4): 476-482, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the value of care bundles (CBs) in bowel preparation for colonoscopy in children. METHODS: Children who underwent electronic fiberoptic colonoscopy or enteroscopic surgery in our hospital from September 2016 to October 2017 were enrolled as the conventional nursing (CN) group and children who received such procedures from November 2017 to December 2018 were enrolled as the care bundle group. Polyethylene glycol electrolyte lavage solution (PEG-ELS) was used for bowel preparation in all children. The CBs included nurse education, risk evaluation of inadequate bowel preparation, education of children and families, and observation and assessment during preparation. The quality of bowel preparation, tolerance and safety, families' anxiety score, and degree of satisfaction with hospitalization were compared between these two groups. RESULTS: Eighty-two children were enrolled in this study, with 42 cases in the CB group and 40 cases in the CN group. Symptoms of distension, abdominal pain, vomiting, and fatigue, along with intragastric feeding, were compared between the two groups. An additional enema was performed in 2 cases in the CB group and in 12 cases in the CN group, demonstrating a significant difference between the groups. The Aronchick score and anxiety score of families were 1.24±0.85 vs. 2.35±1.76 (t=-3.477, P=0.001) and 3.28±0.85 vs. 5.45±1.78 (t=-3.473, P=0.001) in the CN group and CB group, respectively. The satisfaction rate was 97.62% vs. 85.00% (χ2=6.764, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of the care bundles in the bowel preparation of children planning to receive colonoscopy can improve the quality of preparation and the satisfaction with hospitalization while alleviating the anxiety of patients and their families.

3.
Carcinogenesis ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665243

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is notorious for its aggressiveness and high metastatic potential. NPC patients with distant metastasis have a particularly poor prognosis; however, evaluating metastatic potential by expression profiles of primary tumors is challenging. This study aimed to investigate the association between activation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling and NPC metastasis and the underlying mechanisms. We found an association between EGFR protein overexpression and intense EGFR immuno-staining in NPC samples with advanced tumor node metastasis stage, clinical stage and distant metastasis in NPC patients. Exogenous EGF stimulates NPC mobility and invasiveness in vitro. Activation of EGFR signaling prompted PKM2 translocation to the nucleus. Silencing either EGFR or PKM2 attenuates NPC cell aggressiveness in vitro and in vivo. Blocking EGFR signaling with cetuximab suppressed NPC cell invasiveness in vitro and metastatic potential in vivo. Comprehensive analyses of transcriptome profiles indicated that the EGFR-PKM2 axis activates a number of novel metastasis promoters, including F3, FOSL1, EPHA2, ANTXR2, and AKR1C2. Finally, we found that the metastasis-promoting function of the EGFR-PKM2 axis is dependent on nuclear PKM2 regulation of the transcription of metastasis-related genes, including FOSL1 and ANTXR2. Our study indicates that EGFR-PKM2 signaling promotes NPC cell invasion and metastasis through induction of FOSL1 and ANTXR2 and identifies EGFR as a promising biomarker for predicting the risk of distant metastasis.

4.
J Mater Chem B ; 7(43): 6751-6758, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593205

RESUMO

Hyperinsulinemia, a concomitant symptom in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) promotes the migration, invasion and proliferation of tumors by inhibiting autophagy. Therefore, it is necessary to search for antitumor drugs that can effectively antagonize hyperinsulinemia by promoting autophagy. In this study, dual-targeting modified selenium nanoparticles (u/A-SeNPs) were proposed as a biocompatible tumor chemotherapeutic drug to antagonize high insulin. The modification of chitosan (CS) and grafting targeted peptides (uPA/ACPP) allowed SeNPs to exert better selectivity and higher antitumor activity. The nanotherapeutics entered tumor cells through receptor-mediated endocytosis and produced excessive ROS. Meanwhile, u/A-SeNPs significantly increased the level of autophagy in tumor cells, as detected by monodansylcadaverine (MDC) and mRFP-GFP-LC3. U/A-SeNPs cause mitochondrial fragmentation to induce the cell apoptosis via the synergistic action of overproduced ROS and activated autophagy. In conclusion, this study proposes a feasible method for the synthesis of dual-targeting nanomedicines, and it also provides a new strategy for the application of Se-based nanotherapeutics in tumor therapy under hyperinsulinemia conditions.

5.
Med Biol Eng Comput ; 57(11): 2417-2433, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522354

RESUMO

Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a noninvasive treatment method for coronary artery atherosclerosis that acts on the vascular endothelial cells. The intracoronary hemodynamic parameters that influence long-term treatment effect are the fundamental factors for the inhibition of intimal hyperplasia, which cannot be measured in real time. In order to optimize the long-term treatment effect of coronary heart disease, it is necessary to establish a method for quantified calculation of intracoronary hemodynamic parameters during counterpulsation to research the long-term hemodynamic mechanism of EECP. A geometric multiscale model coupled by the zero-dimensional (0D) lumped parameter model and the three-dimensional (3D) model of narrow coronary artery was established for the simulation of intracoronary hemodynamic environment. The 3D model was used to calculate the hemodynamic parameters such as wall shear stress (WSS) and oscillatory shear index (OSI), while the 0D model was used to simulate the blood circulatory system. Sequential pressure was applied to calves, thighs, and buttocks module in 0D model with the consideration of vessel collapse. Hemodynamic performance was compared with clinical reports to verify the effectiveness of the method. There were significant increases of the diastolic blood pressure (DBP), coronary flow, and the area-averaged WSS during application of EECP, while OSI behind stenosis has some decrease. The waveforms of coronary flow has good similarity with the clinical measured waveforms, and the differences between calculated mean arterial pressures (MAPs) and clinical measurements were within 1%. The fundamental factor in the cure of coronary heart disease by EECP is the improvement of WSS and the decrease of OSI. Comparing with the clinical reports, the immediate hemodynamic changes demonstrate the effectiveness of model. Intracoronary hemodynamic parameters during EECP could be acquired and the method could be used to simulate the long-term treatment effect of EECP. Graphical abstract.

7.
Mol Cancer ; 18(1): 128, 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443694

RESUMO

Genetic instability of tumor cells often leads to the occurrence of a large number of mutations, and expression of non-synonymous mutations can produce tumor-specific antigens called neoantigens. Neoantigens are highly immunogenic as they are not expressed in normal tissues. They can activate CD4+ and CD8+ T cells to generate immune response and have the potential to become new targets of tumor immunotherapy. The development of bioinformatics technology has accelerated the identification of neoantigens. The combination of different algorithms to identify and predict the affinity of neoantigens to major histocompatibility complexes (MHCs) or the immunogenicity of neoantigens is mainly based on the whole-exome sequencing technology. Tumor vaccines targeting neoantigens mainly include nucleic acid, dendritic cell (DC)-based, tumor cell, and synthetic long peptide (SLP) vaccines. The combination with immune checkpoint inhibition therapy or radiotherapy and chemotherapy might achieve better therapeutic effects. Currently, several clinical trials have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of these vaccines. Further development of sequencing technologies and bioinformatics algorithms, as well as an improvement in our understanding of the mechanisms underlying tumor development, will expand the application of neoantigen vaccines in the future.

8.
Phytother Res ; 33(10): 2692-2701, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364205

RESUMO

Verbascoside is a water-soluble natural phenylethanoid glycoside and distributes widely in plants. It has been proved with antioxidant, neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and immunomodulatory bioactivities. In this experiment, the effect and mechanism of verbascoside on hypoxic memory injury were studied in a low-pressure and low-oxygen chamber. Verbascoside (50, 150, and 300 mg/kg) was intragastrically administered once a day for 7 days. On the fourth day, rats were placed in the chamber to simulate a 7,500 m high-altitude environment The eight-arm maze was used to test the memory ability. The levels of MDA, GSH, and T-SOD in plasma, brain-NH, and hippocampus were detected. The mRNA expression of mTOR, P70S6K, and 4E-BP1 in the hippocampus tissue was determined by PCR. The protein expression of P-mTOR, P-P70S6K, P-4E-BP1, and Cleaved Caspase-3 in the hippocampus tissue was determined by western blot. The results indicated that administration with verbascoside could obviously reduce the working memory error, reference memory error, total errors, and total time; relieve the neuron damage in CA1 region of the hippocampus; and decrease the oxidative stress correlation enzyme activity in plasma, brain, and hippocampus. The amelioration of verbascoside on high altitude-induced memory impairment may be associated with the adjustment of oxidative stress and mTOR signaling pathway.

9.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 5623-5636, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31440045

RESUMO

Purpose: The objective of this study was to compare the in vitro Fick's first law, in vitro lipolysis, and in vivo rat assays for oral absorption of Biopharmaceutical Classification Systems Class II (BCS II) drugs in self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS), and studied drugs and oils properties effects on the absorption. Methods: The transport abilities of griseofulvin (GRI), phenytoin (PHE), indomethacin (IND), and ketoprofen (KET) in saturated water solutions and SNEDDS were investigated using the in vitro Madin-Darby canine kidney cell model. GRI and cinnarizine (CIN) in medium-chain triglycerides (MCT)-SNEDDS and long-chain triglycerides (LCT)-SNEDDS were administered in the in vivo SD rat and in vitro lipolysis models to compare the oral absorption and the distribution behaviors in GIT and build an in vitro-in vivo correlation (IVIVC). Results: In the cell model, the solubility of GRI, PHE, IND, and KET increased 6-8 fold by SNEDDS, but their permeability were only 18%, 4%, 8%, and 33% of those of their saturated water solutions, respectively. However, in vivo absorption of GRI-SNEDDS was twice that of the GRI suspension and those of CIN-SNEDDS were 15-21 fold those of the CIN suspension. In the lipolysis model, the GRI% in aqueous and pellet phases of MCT were similar to that in LCT. In contrast, the CIN% in the aqueous and pellet phases were decreased but that of the lipid phase increased. In addition, an IVIVC was found between the CIN% in the lipid phase and in vivo relative oral bioavailability (F r). Conclusion: The in vitro cell model was still a suitable tool to study drug properties effects on biofilm transport and SNEDDS absorption mechanisms. The in vitro lipolysis model provided superior oral absorption simulation of SNEDDS and helped to build correlation with in vivo rats. The oral drug absorption was affected by drug and oil properties in SNEDDS.


Assuntos
Absorção Fisiológica , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Emulsões/química , Lipólise , Modelos Biológicos , Nanopartículas/química , Administração Oral , Animais , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular , Cinarizina/administração & dosagem , Cinarizina/química , Cinarizina/farmacologia , Cães , Griseofulvina/administração & dosagem , Griseofulvina/farmacologia , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Masculino , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Solubilidade
10.
J Mater Chem B ; 7(34): 5161-5169, 2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384858

RESUMO

Convenient and time-saving one-step strategies for detecting ultralow concentrations of protein biomarkers play key roles in rapid disease diagnosis. In this study, we report a one-step detection method based on a nanofibrous sensing platform via the combination of proximity-induced DNA strand displacement (PiDSD), catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) amplification and thioflavin T (ThT) binding. The interface behaviors on the nanofibrous membrane were studied to promote interface reaction kinetics and thermodynamics. Thrombin was used as a model biomarker, and the nanofibrous sensing platform achieved a limit of detection as low as 1.0 pM, a wide linear range of 50 pM to 5 nM, excellent specificity and good long-term stability. Compared with previous one-step thrombin detection methods, our one-step detection method is label-free, convenient and much more sensitive; it has potential applications for protein detection in point-to-care testing (POCT) and early diagnosis.

11.
Biomed Eng Online ; 18(1): 91, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is an effective method for treating patients with cerebral ischemic stroke, while hemodynamics is the major contributing factor in the treatment of EECP. Different counterpulsation modes have the potential to lead to different acute and long-term hemodynamic changes, resulting in different treatment effects. However, various questions about appropriate counterpulsation modes for optimizing hemodynamic effects remain unanswered in clinical treatment. METHODS: A zero-dimensional/three-dimensional (0D/3D) geometric multiscale model of the cerebral artery was established to obtain acute hemodynamic indicators, including mean arterial pressure (MAP) and cerebral blood flow (CBF), as well as localized hemodynamic details for the cerebral artery, which includes wall shear stress (WSS) and oscillatory shear index (OSI). Counterpulsation was achieved by applying pressure on calf, thigh and buttock modules in the 0D model. Different counterpulsation modes including various pressure amplitudes and pressurization durations were applied to investigate hemodynamic responses, which impact acute and long-term treatment effects. Both vascular collapse and cerebral autoregulation were considered during counterpulsation. RESULTS: Variations of pressure amplitude and pressurization duration have different impacts on hemodynamic effects during EECP treatment. There were small differences in the hemodynamics when similar or different pressure amplitudes were applied to calves, thighs and buttocks. When increasing pressure amplitude was applied to the three body parts, MAP and CBF improved slightly. When pressure amplitude exceeded 200 mmHg, hemodynamic indicators almost never changed, demonstrating consistency with clinical data. However, hemodynamic indicators improved significantly with increasing pressurization duration. For pressurization durations of 0.5, 0.6 and 0.7 s, percentage increases for MAP during counterpulsation were 1.5%, 23.5% and 39.0%, for CBF were 1.2%, 23.4% and 41.6% and for time-averaged WSS were 0.2%, 43.5% and 85.0%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: When EECP was applied to patients with cerebral ischemic stroke, pressure amplitude applied to the three parts may remain the same. Patients may not gain much more benefit from EECP treatment by excessively increasing pressure amplitude above 200 mmHg. However, during clinical procedures, pressurization duration could be increased to 0.7 s during the cardiac circle to optimize the hemodynamics for possible superior treatment outcomes.

12.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(26): 26912-26924, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302887

RESUMO

The use of pyrolysis to produce oil from sludge by the evaporation-condensation process is a promising technique. However, the resulting lipids are prone to be acidized under exposure to oxygen, which can affect their quality and use. To eliminate the need for this oil separation process, the present work uses blended pyrolysis to preserve the oil in the char and to prevent it from deteriorating. At the same time, metals are eliminated to a secure level of combustion emissions. The sludge was pyrolyzed into a sintering fuel through blended pyrolysis with SiO2, Al2O3, and sand. These materials are the main components of the sintered ceramsite obtained. Therefore, the influence of these substances and residence time on lipid formation and metal residue in the char were investigated. Non-blended pyrolysis required a 40-min duration, whereas sand-pyrolysis required 10 min to achieve the same yield. The concentration of C16:0 produced by blended pyrolysis with sand reached 2177 mg kg-1, which is 57% higher than that of non-blended pyrolysis. Blended pyrolysis with SiO2 required at least 20 min to immobilize As metal. In summary, blended pyrolysis simplifies the process, reduces time, and produces char with lipid-rich and low metal leaching, which can be used as a sintering fuel.

13.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 76(21): 4275-4289, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309249

RESUMO

Numerous studies have shown that non-coding RNAs play crucial roles in the development and progression of various tumor cells. Plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) mainly encodes a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and is located on chromosome 8q24.21, which constitutes a fragile site for genetic aberrations. PVT1 is well-known for its interaction with its neighbor MYC, which is a qualified oncogene that plays a vital role in tumorigenesis. In the past several decades, increasing attention has been paid to the interaction mechanism between PVT1 and MYC, which will benefit the clinical treatment and prognosis of patients. In this review, we summarize the coamplification of PVT1 and MYC in cancer, the positive feedback mechanism, and the latest promoter competition mechanism of PVT1 and MYC, as well as how PVT1 participates in the downstream signaling pathway of c-Myc by regulating key molecules. We also briefly describe the treatment prospects and research directions of PVT1 and MYC.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Oncogenes , Ligação Proteica/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética
14.
Biosens Bioelectron ; : 111488, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350137

RESUMO

Early diagnosis of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is still urgently desired as there is a global healthy burden and no vaccine available. In this work, a plasmonic nanoplatform was engineered with catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) amplification reaction specifically of HCV core protein (HCVcp), G-quadruplex/hemin DNAzyme and nanofibrous membrane together. HCVcp was detected in whole serum at the ultralow concentration of 1.0 × 10-4 pg/mL with naked eye. By testing serum samples from 30 donors with different viral loads, detection sensitivity of the plasmonic nanoplatform turned out to be much better than that of the commercial ELISA kit. In addition, the plasmonic nanoplatform exhibited high specificity, excellent reusability and long-term stability. Naked-eye detection based on the plasmonic nanoplatform is expected to have potential applications in point-of-care testing (POCT) and early diagnosis of hepatitis C and other infectious diseases.

15.
PLoS One ; 14(6): e0218067, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199813

RESUMO

Due to the poor prognosis of advanced metastatic melanoma, it is crucial to find early biomarkers that help identify which melanomas will metastasize. By comparing the gene expression data from primary and cutaneous melanoma samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), we identified GPC6 among a set of genes whose expression levels can distinguish between primary melanoma and regional cutaneous/subcutaneous metastases. Glypicans are thought to play a role in tumor growth by regulating the signaling pathways of Wnt, Hedgehogs, fibroblast growth factors (FGFs), and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). We showed that GPC6 expression was up-regulated in a melanoma cell line compared to normal melanocytes and in metastatic melanoma compared to primary melanoma. Furthermore, GPC6 expression was positively correlated with genes largely involved in cell adhesion and migration in both melanoma samples and in RNA-seq samples from other TCGA tumors. Our results suggest that GPC6 may play a role in tumor metastatic progression. In TCGA melanoma samples, we also showed that GPC6 expression was negatively correlated with miR-509-3p, which has previously been shown to function as a tumor suppressor in various cancer cell lines. We overexpressed miR-509-3p in A375 melanoma cells and showed that GPC6 expression was significantly suppressed. This result suggested that GPC6 was a putative target of miR-509-3p in melanoma. Together, our findings identified GPC6 as an early biomarker for melanoma metastatic progression, one that can be regulated by miR-509-3p.

16.
Theranostics ; 9(10): 2897-2909, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31244931

RESUMO

Inaccessibility of deep-seated malignant cells in the central region of tumors and uncontrollable tumor recurrence represent a significant challenge for conventional synergistic cancer therapy. Herein, we designed a novel nanoplatform based on hierarchical drug release for deep cascade cancer therapy including localized photothermal therapy, systematic chemotherapy, and elicited immune responses. Methods: The first-step chemotherapy could be carried out by polydopamine (PDA) releasing doxorubicin (DOX) in the specific microenvironment of lysosomes (pH 5.5). The branched gold nanoshells and PDA converted the light to heat efficiently to accomplish the second-step photothermal therapy and collapsed biomimetic vesicles (BVs) to release paclitaxel (PTX), which promoted the third-step of chemotherapy and triggered immune responses. Results: After 10 days of treatment, there were no obvious residual tumors in tumor-bearing mice. Significantly, 10 days after stopping treatment, mice in the drug immune-therapeutic group showed little tumor recurrence (1.5 times) compared to substantial recurrence (20 times) in the conventional treatment group. Conclusion: The hierarchical drug release and cascade therapeutic modality enhance the penetration of drugs deep into the tumor tissue and effectively inhibit recurrence. This cascade therapeutic modality provides a novel approach for more effective cancer therapy.

17.
Biosci Rep ; 39(7)2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221818

RESUMO

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated disease of the central nervous system (CNS). The present study explored the role of intestinal microbiota in the initiation and propagation of mice induced by experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of multiple sclerosis. 48 C57BL/6 were randomly divided into control group and EAE group. The changes of body weight and the scores of neurological function were recorded. The mRNA expression of the receptor tyrosine kinase subfamily (AXL) was detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The levels of IL-17 and IFN-γ in blood samples were examined by ELISA. The intestinal microbial composition of mice at different time points during the EAE induction was analyzed by 16S rRNA gene-based sequencing. In EAE group, the body weight began to reduce at day 3 and neurological symptoms began to appear at day 7 after EAE induction. The levels of IL-17 and IFN-γ in EAE group reached the peak at day 21 and then decreased gradually. However, the expression of Axl and SOCS3 reached the lowest level at day 21 and then increased gradually. The microbiome analyses revealed that the abundances of Alistipes, Blautia, and Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136_group were significantly changed at day 14, whereas the abundances of Allobaculum, Eubacterium and Helicobacter were significantly changed at day 30 of EAE induction. The prevotellaceae_NK3B31_group may be key bacteria that contribute to the development of MS. Regulation of intestinal microbiota composition can become a new therapeutic target for the treatment of MS.

18.
Carcinogenesis ; 40(7): 819-827, 2019 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125406

RESUMO

Cancer is a complex disease, which may involve multiple tumor susceptibility genes that mediate the occurrence and development of tumor molecular events. This study aimed to identify new genetic loci using genome-wide linkage analysis and whole-exome sequencing in a rare, large multi-cancer pedigree recently found in China. We performed high-throughput single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array and linkage analyses of 24 core members of this pedigree and found that the disease susceptibility locus in the multi-cancer pedigree was mapped to chromosome 3q24-26. We also used microsatellites to further validate the results of the SNP locus linkage analysis. Furthermore, we sequenced the whole exome of three members in this pedigree and identified a novel mutant of transforming growth factor ß stimulated clone 22 domain family, member 2 (TSC22D2, c.-91T-C) cosegregated with the cancer phenotype. This change was at a highly conserved position, and the exome results were validated using linkage analysis. Moreover, we found the histone H4 transcription factor (HINFP) binds to the promoter region of TSC22D2 and may regulate its transcription. In conclusion, our findings are of great significance to the early pathogenesis of tumors and contribute to the search for molecular targets for the early prevention and treatment of tumors.

19.
Se Pu ; 37(5): 505-511, 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31070333

RESUMO

A method for the simultaneous determination of ten lipophilic shellfish toxins was established based on graphene-based pipette tip solid-phase extraction (G-PT-SPE) coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The factors influencing the extraction efficiency, including the types of extractants, the amount of graphene, the types and volumes of washing and eluent solvents, were optimized in detail. Under the optimal conditions, the calibration curves showed linear relationships between the LC peak areas of the selected ion-pairs and the mass concentrations of the ten lipophilic shellfish toxins with correlation coefficients >0.99. The limits of detection (LODs) and the limits of quantification (LOQs) of the method were 0.1-1.1 µg/kg and 0.3-3.2 µg/kg, respectively. The recoveries of the ten lipophilic shellfish toxins spiked in blank oyster at three levels ranged from 72.0% to 101.2% with relative standard deviations <15%. The method is sensitive, simple, and effective, and is suitable for the determination of the lipophilic shellfish toxins in shellfish products.


Assuntos
Grafite , Toxinas Marinhas/análise , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Frutos do Mar , Extração em Fase Sólida , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
20.
Sci Total Environ ; 659: 1415-1427, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31096352

RESUMO

Ultraviolet (UV) disinfection is an early discovered technology that is currently and widely used for water treatment and food hygiene treatment. A newly emerging technology of UV disinfection, that is, UV light-emitting diodes (UV-LEDs), has aroused considerable research attention. UV-LEDs feature numerous advantages compared with traditional UV mercury vapor lamps and are expected to replace traditional UV lamps. Researchers currently perform studies to obtain data and develop methods for UV-LED water treatment systems. This article analyzes the latest research status and discusses the types of inactivation factors, such as the wavelength selectivity of UV light source, control of UV dose, effect of inactivation rate constant (K) (cm2/mJ), working mode of water sample, external auxiliary system, and UV sensitivity of pathogenic bacteria in water. The wavelengths of approximately 260 and 280 nm normally feature strong inactivation characteristics. When compared with the approximately 260 nm wavelength chip, the around 280 nm wavelength chip proves to be a better choice as its higher wavelength light power can result in faster disinfection capacity of bacteria. UV dose can also be used as the reference value for disinfection of drinking water, whereas the inactivation rate constant (K) (cm2/mJ) varies with different microorganism internal structures. Changing the working mode or adding an auxiliary system can also enhance the inactivation effect in water treatment system settings. In addition, we can compare the inactivation capacities of several pathogens as follows: ΦX174 > Escherichia coli > T type bacteriophage >Bacillus subtilis > MS2 or Qß > human adenovirus. The in-depth investigation and discussion of inactivation factors and the mechanism of action in UV-LEDs water treatment systems will establish a more efficient UV-LED disinfection method in the future, provide a guiding direction, and promote the standardization and normalization of pathogen inactivation mechanism in UV-LED water treatment systems.


Assuntos
Raios Ultravioleta , Microbiologia da Água , Purificação da Água/métodos , Desinfecção/métodos
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