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1.
Chemosphere ; 244: 125465, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32050324

RESUMO

Criteria continuous concentrations (CCCs) are the scientific basis for making sound environmental management decisions and assessing surface water quality. Transition metals are a group of elements, similar in physicochemical properties perpendicularly and horizontally across the Periodic Table, some of which are widely distributed in aquatic environments and can cause adverse effects on aquatic life and human health. Currently internationally recommended CCCs are available for only seven transition metals. It is challenging to derive CCCs for transition metals based on scarce empirical information. The present study found significant relationships between the suggested CCCs of transition metals and their nine physicochemical properties and an empirical model was developed to satisfactorily predict the CCCs of 56 transition metals by use of the most relevant parameter, r, for protecting aquatic ecosystems. Predicted values were largely consistent with the CCCs and CMCs predicted previously and over 80% predicted CMCs of transition metals are greater than or equal to their CCCs. The present study shows methodological advantages in obtaining CCCs, and provides reliable reference values for setting chronic WQC and assessing risk of transition metals.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 389: 122155, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004833

RESUMO

As a novel antioxidant, hydrogen water has been widely used to alleviate oxidative stress in plants as well as in the medical field. However, the function of hydrogen water in environmental toxicology remains unknown. In this study, combining nanobubbles (NBs) and hydrogen water, we investigate the effect and mechanism of hydrogen NB water on copper induced acute toxicity to water fleas (Daphnia magna). The 24-h lethal Cu concentrations at which 50 % of the population die were 84 µg/L in hydrogen NB water and 45 µg/L in control water, confirming that hydrogen NB water effectively alleviated acute Cu toxicity in D. magna. The results were consistent with a significant reduction of Cu uptake and decrease of Cu accumulation in D. magna. As confirmed in fluorescence spectrophotometry and high-content screening system analysis, the hydrogen NB water also significantly reduced the oxidative damage and improved Cu tolerance in D. magna. From the results, it can be inferred that hydrogen NB water alleviates Cu stress in D. magna by depressing Cu bioaccumulation and reducing oxidative stress. The results provide basic data of hydrogen NB water for environmental toxicologists, and also a reference for the application of hydrogen NB water in the environment.

3.
J Biomed Sci ; 27(1): 30, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005234

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The main strategy against nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is radiotherapy. However, radioresistance mediated recurrence is a leading clinical bottleneck in NPC. Revealing the mechanism of NPC radioresistance will help improve the therapeutic effect. METHODS: In this study, the role of TRIM21 (tripartite motif-containing 21) in NPC receiving ionizing radiation was firstly examined both in vivo and in vitro. Mass spectrometry analysis was performed to identify the downstream targets of TRIM21. NPC cells with TRIM21 or SERPINB5 (serpin family B member 5) overexpression or knockout were used to determine the epistatic relationship among SERPINB5, GMPS (guanine monophosphate synthase) and TRIM21. Flow cytometry, co-immunoprecipitation, western blot and immunofluorescence were employed to strengthen the results. Finally, immunohistochemistry using 4 radiosensitive and 8 radioresistent NPC patient samples was perform to examine the association between SERPINB5 or GMPS expression and patient radio-sensitivity. RESULTS: As an E3 ligase, TRIM21 was highly expressed in NPC. After ionizing radiation, TRIM21 repressed TP53 expression by mediating GMPS ubiquitination and degradation. Overexpression of TRIM21 protected NPC cells from radiation mediated cell apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Further analysis revealed that TRIM21 mediated GMPS repression was dependent on SERPINB5, and SERPINB5 served as an adaptor which prevented GMPS from entering into the nucleus and introduced TRIM21 for GMPS ubiquitination. Moreover, the in vitro and in vivo results validated the finding that SERPINB5 promoted NPC cell radioresistance, and the radioresistant patients had higher SERPINB5 expression. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our data showed that TRIM21-SERPINB5-mediated GMPS degradation facilitated TP53 repression, which promoted the radioresistance of NPC cells. This novel working model related to TP53 suppression provided new insight into NPC radioresistence clinically.

4.
Food Chem ; 315: 126288, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032833

RESUMO

ß-Carotene was encapsulated in the Pickering emulsions stabilized by chitosan hydrochloride - carboxymethyl starch (CHC-CMS) nanogels. During ultraviolet radiation and storage, the retention of ß-carotene in Pickering emulsions was higher than that of other formulations, such as Tween 80 stabilized emulsions (TEs) and bulk oil. The Pickering emulsions were found to be stable during thermal treatment. Meanwhile, lipid oxidation was delayed in Pickering emulsions compared to TEs and bulk oil. The vitro digestion results suggested that the free fatty acids (FFA) released were below 30% for all Pickering emulsions, which indicated that a physical barrier was formed by CHC-CMS nanogels to restrain the lipid hydrolysis. The bioaccessibility of ß-carotene in Pickering emulsions was higher than that in bulk oil. This research helped establish a connection between the physicochemical properties of CHC-CMS stabilized Pickering emulsions with their applications in the protection effect and oral delivery of bioactive compounds.

5.
Bioresour Technol ; 301: 122749, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951959

RESUMO

A novel strain was isolated from municipal activated sludge and identified as Acinetobacter sp. ND7 based on its phenotypic and phylogenetic characteristics, which had efficient capability for heterotrophic nitrification and aerobic denitrification. Strain ND7 could remove approximately 99.8% of ammonium-N (51.0 mg/L), 96.2% of nitrite-N (51.8 mg/L) and 97.18% of nitrate-N (52.1 mg/L), with the maximum specific removal rate of 5.74, 4.17 and 3.63 mg/(L h), respectively. Ammonium was manifested to be utilized preferentially during simultaneous nitrification and denitrification. The functional genes hao, napA and nirS were successfully amplified by PCR, further evidencing the heterotrophic nitrification and aerobic denitrification capability of Acinetobacter sp. ND7. The optimal conditions for nitrogen removal were temperature of 35 °C, C/N ratio of 8. Acinetobacter sp. ND7 displays superior performance for nitrogen removal, with no nitrite accumulation under aerobic condition, and thus has significant potential for practical application for nitrogen removal from wastewater.


Assuntos
Acinetobacter , Compostos de Amônio , Aerobiose , Desnitrificação , Processos Heterotróficos , Nitrificação , Nitritos , Nitrogênio , Filogenia , Esgotos
6.
Environ Int ; 136: 105466, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935560

RESUMO

Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) are industrial chemicals that are produced in large quantities and used globally. Human exposure to CPs is primarily through dietary intake, especially from animal-derived food products. Even so, there is little information regarding CP concentrations in dairy products. In this study, raw samples of cow milk were collected from various regions in China within the Neimenggu (n = 10), Hebei (n = 9), Shandong (n = 10), Henan (n = 10) and Hubei (n = 9) provinces. The mean concentrations of short chain CPs (SCCPs) and medium chain CPs (MCCPs) in the milk samples from industrial areas (1670 and 190 ng/g lipid, respectively) were higher than those from non-industrial areas (490 and 72 ng/g lipid, respectively). In most samples, C10H16Cl6 and C14H23Cl7 were the primary SCCP and MCCP congener groups, respectively. The mean concentrations of SCCPs and MCCPs in dairy cow feed (silage) were determined to be 750 and 36 ng/g dry weight, respectively. The SCCP and MCCP congener group patterns in the milk were similar to those in the silage, indicating that animal feed intake might be an important pathway for the exposure of dairy cows to CPs. Thus, the ingestion of CPs by humans through dairy products should not be neglected and the contamination of animal feed by CPs should be considered.

7.
J Hazard Mater ; 384: 121439, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640935

RESUMO

Sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) biostabilization has attracted particular attention due to its ability to prevent and control heavy metal pollution. In this study, biotic experiments (immobilisation test of Daphnia (D.) magna, germination experiment of cucumber seeds, and in vitro experiment using gut juices of Sipunculus (S.) nudus) and diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) technique were performed to investigate the biosafety of cadmium (Cd) contaminated sediments after being treated by indigenous SRB. Results showed that SRB treatment reduced Cd bioaccessibility of sediment to S. nudus, Cd levels in the overlying water and Cd bioavailability to D. magna. However, the treatment increased the biotoxicity of overlying water due to significant reduction in the root length and germination index of cucumber seeds. DGT results confirmed that SRB treatment increased Cd stability in sediment, and reduced its release from the sediment into the overlying water. The biotoxicity of overlying water was not caused by Cd, but possibly by the added culture medium, SRB itself, or its metabolites. More attention is required to assess the safety of SRB treatment when it is used to remediate environmental matrix contaminated by heavy metals.

8.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(3): 2595-2605, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680314

RESUMO

Circ-Foxo3 is a circRNA encoded by the human FOXO3 gene and works as a sponge for potential microRNAs (miRNAs) to regulate cancer progression. However, the role of circ-Foxo3 in esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) is not clear. In this study, circ-Foxo3 was lowly expressed in cell lines and ESCC tissues. Meanwhile, overexpression of circ-Foxo3 inhibited cell growth, migration, and invasion, whether in vivo or in vitro. Mechanically, we found a potential miRNA target, miR-23a, which negatively correlated with circ-Foxo3 in ESCC. Then, a luciferase assay confirmed the relationship between the circ-Foxo3 and miRNA. Moreover, circ-Foxo3 upregulation of PTEN occurred through "sponging" miR-23a. Taken together, these results indicated that the circ-Foxo3/miR-23a/PTEN pathway was critical for inhibiting the ESCC progression. This may provide a promising target for treat ESCC.

9.
Cell Microbiol ; 22(2): e13125, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610610

RESUMO

To establish systemic infections, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) requires Salmonella pathogenicity island 2 (SPI-2) to survive and replicate within macrophages. High expression of many SPI-2 genes during the entire intracellular growth period within macrophages is essential, as it contributes to the formation of Salmonella-containing vacuole and bacterial replication. However, the regulatory mechanisms underlying the sustained induction of SPI-2 within macrophages are not fully understood. Here, we revealed a time-dependent regulation of SPI-2 expression mediated by a novel regulator PagR (STM2345) in response to the low Mg2+ and low phosphate (Pi ) signals, which ensured the high induction of SPI-2 during the entire intramacrophage growth period. Deletion of pagR results in reduced bacterial replication in macrophages and attenuation of systemic virulence in mice. The effects of pagR on virulence are dependent on upregulating the expression of slyA, a regulator of SPI-2. At the early (0-4 hr) and later (after 4 hr) stage post-infection of macrophages, pagR is induced by the low Pi via PhoB/R two-component systems and low Mg2+ via PhoP/Q systems, respectively. Collectively, our findings revealed that the PagR-mediated regulatory mechanism contributes to the precise and sustained activation of SPI-2 genes within macrophages, which is essential for S. Typhimurium systemic virulence.

10.
Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther ; 58(2): 112-120, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829925

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bioequivalence of two formulations of atorvastatin using the reference-scaled average bioequivalence (RSABE) method and to study the pharmacokinetics of atorvastatin in healthy Chinese subjects under fed conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-dose, randomized, open-label, four-way crossover study was conducted in healthy Chinese subjects after informed consent was obtained. Healthy subjects were randomly assigned to receive 20 mg of either the test or reference formulation, following a 7-day washout period. The formulations were considered bioequivalent if 90% confidence intervals (CIs) for the ln-transformed ratios and ratio of geometric means (GMR) of AUC and Cmax of atorvastatin were within the bioequivalence range (80 - 125%). Plasma atorvastatin, ortho-hydroxy atorvastatin and para-hydroxy atorvastatin concentrations were analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Tolerability was assessed during the entire study period. RESULTS: ANOVA indicated that the period, sequence, and formulation had no significant effect on the pharmacokinetic parameters (p < 0.05). The test formulation was bioequivalent to the marketed formulation as the 90% CIs for natural log-transformed ratios of atorvastatin of Cmax (88.45 - 103.57%), AUC0-t (98.08 - 104.89%) and AUC0-∞ (98.15 - 104.87%) were within equivalence limits (80 - 125%). No serious adverse events were found among the subjects. CONCLUSION: The RSABE approach was successful in evaluating the bioequivalence of these two formulations. This study confirmed that test and reference atorvastatin calcium tablets were bioequivalent under fed condition.

11.
Anal Biochem ; 591: 113567, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881181

RESUMO

In this study, a direct chemiluminescent immunoassay for the determination of human serum insulin levels using the ADVIA Centaur® XP system was validated. Dilution recovery, linearity, precision, sensitivity, between analyzer variation, reference interval and stability were analyzed. The linear range of the insulin assay was from 0.64 to 277.27 mU/L. Intra- and inter-assay coefficients of variation were 3.67-7.96% and 4.66-8.69%, respectively. The lower and upper limits of quantification were 0.61 mU/L and 8872.64 mU/L, respectively. In terms of between analyzer variation, our study showed comparable results with a good correlation of r2 = 0.9934. The human serum insulin reference interval was in the range of 3.0-25.0 mU/L. Serum insulin can be kept for 7 days between 2-8 °C and 18-26 °C, and the corresponding results for -20 °C and -70 °C were 1 month and 6 months are reported. We proved that this insulin assay was robust and the analytical performance met the requirements. We successfully applied this insulin assay to a bioequivalence study of miglitol in 48 healthy Chinese subjects. The miglitol bioequivalence study was evaluated based on pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameter endpoints. The results demonstrated that the test formulation and the reference formulation were bioequivalent.

12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 188: 109834, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683045

RESUMO

Monitoring dissolved organic matter (DOM) content in aquatic environments is crucial for not only understanding the dynamics of heavy metals but also predicting their bioavailability. Fluorescence spectroscopy is typically employed to characterise DOM. Here, the interaction between DOM and trace metals was investigated by combining excitation-emission matrix (EEM) quenching with two-dimensional Savitzky-Golay second-order differentiation (2D-SG-2nd-df) analysis. The 2D-SG-2nd-df analysis decomposed the EEM spectra of commercial humic acid (HA) samples into six separate fluorescence peaks, which agreed with the results obtained through conventional parallel factor (PARAFAC) analysis. Compared with PARAFAC modeling, the 2D-SG-2nd-df approach provided more valid and reliable results when the dataset contained distinct samples. Moreover, since the results obtained from 2D-SG-2nd-df for each sample are independent, shifts in the peak wavelength can be reproduced more efficiently using this method. Triplicate titration experiments showed clear differences in HA-copper interactions for samples with different HA composition and molecular weight. The binding strength between copper and low-molecular-weight DOM in water was weaker than that observed for high-molecular-weight DOM. The results obtained in this study will serve as a basis for applying 2D-SG-2nd-df not only to DOM but also to other samples studied using EEM measurements.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Substâncias Húmicas/análise , Modelos Químicos , Oligoelementos/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Análise Fatorial , Íons , Peso Molecular , Solubilidade , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos
13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 146: 482-487, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883885

RESUMO

Improving intrinsic adhesion performance of the known probiotics facilitates their residence and colonization, and therefore exerts more beneficial effects on the human or animal host. In this study, through adaptive culture with levan, Lactobacillus reuteri JN101 achieved the same biomass and exhibited 2.6 times higher adhesion capacity to HT-29 cells than those grown with glucose. The mechanism study related to this adhesion enhancement showed that the elevated proportion of unsaturated fatty acids facilitated the bacterial cells to overcome repulsive forces to approach the intestinal epithelial cell. At the same time, and the greater amounts of cell membrane proteins, such as S-layer protein (3.2 folds), elongation factor Tu (2.6 folds) and phosphoglycerate kinase (2.4 folds) probably enhanced the complementary interactions to the receptor on the epithelial cell. These results presented here indicated levan could be used as a potential prebiotic to regulate the adhesion capacity of probiotics, and provide ground for developing the specific-probiotics oriented functional food.

14.
Food Chem ; 308: 125665, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655473

RESUMO

The effects of different dissolved oxygen concentrations (DOC) on the browning degree, amino acids, total phenols, reducing sugars, polyphenoloxidase (PPO), peroxidase (POD), phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) of pear wine, and the relationship between various quality indicators and browning degree were investigated. Dynamic model fitting analysis of the changes of physiochemical indicators of pear wine in the storage process were performed. The importance of the physiochemical indicators effect on the browning of pear wine during the storage process was analyzed by OPLS (orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis), and the effect of dissolved oxygen on the browning of pear wine was systematically revealed. The results showed that dissolved oxygen, total phenols and amino acids had the greatest influence on the browning degree of pear wine. It provided a theoretical basis for revealing the browning mechanism and inhibiting the browning of pear wine.


Assuntos
Pyrus/metabolismo , Vinho/análise , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Catecol Oxidase/metabolismo , Fermentação , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Fenóis/metabolismo , Fenilalanina Amônia-Liase/metabolismo , Pyrus/química
15.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(2): 623-632, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846317

RESUMO

The combined effects of succinic anhydride (SA) succinylation and linear dextrin (LD) glycation on whey protein hydrolysates (WPH) and their stabilized emulsions were evaluated. Degree of succinylation (DS), degree of glycation (DG), and degree of browning of samples suggested that a competitive displacement of reactive groups existed when WPH reacted with SA and LD in different orders. Attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) and far-UV circular dichroism (CD) indicated that the order of modification methods had a significant effect on secondary structures of WPH. Succinylation combined with glycation effectively reduced the surface hydrophobicity and increased the molecular flexibility of WPH. Meanwhile, the total free -SH content decreased, and the exposed free -SH content increased. Results of storage stability and gastrointestinal fate of the curcumin-loaded emulsion revealed that the modified WPH with higher DS was more effective for improving the curcumin bioaccessibility, while that with higher DG was more effective for enhancing the stability of the emulsion.


Assuntos
Curcumina/química , Anidridos Succínicos/química , Proteínas do Soro do Leite/química , Curcumina/metabolismo , Dextrinas/química , Emulsões/química , Trato Gastrointestinal/metabolismo , Glicosilação , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química
16.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 87: 411-420, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791514

RESUMO

Electrotrophs are microbes that can receive electrons directly from cathode in a microbial electrolysis cell (MEC). They not only participate in organic biosynthesis, but also be crucial in cathode-based bioremediation. However, little is known about the electrotrophic community in paddy soils. Here, the putative electrotrophs were enriched by cathodes of MECs constructed from five paddy soils with various properties using bicarbonate as an electron acceptor, and identified by 16S rRNA-gene based Illumina sequencing. The electrons were gradually consumed on the cathodes, and 25%-45% of which were recovered to reduce bicarbonate to acetic acid during MEC operation. Firmicutes was the dominant bacterial phylum on the cathodes, and Bacillus genus within this phylum was greatly enriched and was the most abundant population among the detected putative electrotrophs for almost all soils. Furthermore, several other members of Firmicutes and Proteobacteria may also participate in electrotrophic process in different soils. Soil pH, amorphous iron and electrical conductivity significantly influenced the putative electrotrophic bacterial community, which explained about 33.5% of the community structural variation. This study provides a basis for understanding the microbial diversity of putative electrotrophs in paddy soils, and highlights the importance of soil properties in shaping the community of putative electrotrophs.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Microbiologia do Solo , Agricultura , Eletrodos , Microbiota , Oryza , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Solo/química
17.
Food Chem ; 305: 125382, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525590

RESUMO

During the mashing process for brewing beer, incomplete degradation of arabinoxylan in barley malt may cause an intense filterability problem. The present study cloned a putative arabinofuranosidase (AnAbf), one of the debranching enzymes, from Aspergillus niger, to explore its application for improving filterability. Recombinant AnAbf (rAnAbf) showed activity towards both synthetic and natural substrates, such as 4-nitrophenyl α-l-arabinofuranoside (pNPαAraf) and malt water extractable arabinoxylan (WEAX), which was maximized at a temperature of 50 °C and pH of 5.5. Metal ions did not increase the activity of rAnAbf, indicating a difference in its C-terminal domain from that of type II GH43 family members. rAnAbf also exhibited a synergistic effect with ß-xylanase against WEAX. The filtration rate of the wort increased by 12.8% after supplementing with rAnAbf during the initial stage of mashing. A slight decrease in viscosity and an unexpected increase in turbidity were observed.


Assuntos
Aspergillus niger/enzimologia , Cerveja/análise , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Xilanos/metabolismo , Arabinose/análogos & derivados , Arabinose/metabolismo , Endo-1,4-beta-Xilanases , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Temperatura Alta , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo
19.
Ann Transl Med ; 7(20): 571, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807552

RESUMO

Background: Microbial involvement in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) has been suggested; however, the relationship between gut microbiome and the disease phenotypes of AS remains to be established. This study was to characterize and investigate differences in the gut microbiome between AS patients and healthy controls (HCs), and to determine whether the gut microbiome profile associated with the disease phenotypes. Methods: 16S rRNA gene V4 region sequencing was performed on fecal DNA isolated from stool samples collected from 41 patients with AS [20 axial AS (axAS) and 21 peripheral AS (pAS)] and 19 HCs. QIIME based pipeline was used to process the raw sequence data. Alpha and beta diversities were assessed using QIIME, and comparisons of gut microbiome profile were performed using linear discriminant analysis (LDA) effect size (LEfSe) to examine differences between groups and subgroups. A gut microbiota-based model for predictive diagnosis of AS was constructed using random forest algorithm and its predictive value was assessed by receiver-operating characteristic analyses. Results: Our results showed that fecal microbial communities in patients with AS differ significantly from those in HCs, driven by a higher abundance of 7 genera (Prevotella_9, Dialister, Comamonas, Collinsella, Streptococcus, Alloprevotella and Prevotella_2) and a lower abundance of 4 genera (Eubacterium_ruminantium_group, Ruminococcus_gnavus_group, Lachnospira and Bacteroides). In addition, pAS patients were more enriched in Comamonas, Streptococcus and Collinsella, while axAS patients were more enriched in Prevotella_2. An 8 genera-based model showed high accuracy for distinguishing AS patients from HCs with an area under the curve (AUC) up to 0.950. Conclusions: Our results revealed specific alterations in the gut microbiome in patients with different phenotypes of AS, and the classification model based on gut microbial features might provide a new direction for future clinical diagnosis. Lastly, discovery of the associated microbes of AS in the gut microbiome may help us to seek more treatments for this disease.

20.
J Homosex ; : 1-25, 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860388

RESUMO

Based on a geographically and socioeconomically diverse sample of 144 same-sex couples and using a dyadic approach (i.e., the Actor-Partner Interdependence Mediation Model [APIMeM] with interchangeable dyads), this study examined the association between internalized homophobia and same-sex relationship quality, and also tested the potential mediating role of intimate partner violence perpetration in this association. Results indicated that individuals' own and their partners' psychological violence perpetration mediated the negative associations from individuals' own internalized homophobia to individuals' own and their partner's relationship quality. Such findings contribute to the understanding of mechanisms underlying the harmful effects of sexual minority stressors for same-sex relationship well-being. Implications for interventions were also discussed.

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